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3-PART TINSSL WEBINAR SERIES:

UNDERSTANDING AND EVALUATING LM-79 AND LM-80


TEST REPORTS FOR SSL TECHNOLOGY

Day 1: Understanding & Evaluating LM-79 Reports August 10, 2010: 12:00 - 1:30pm EST Day 2: Understanding & Evaluating In Situ TMP & LM-80 Reports August 11, 2010: 12:00 - 1:30pm EST Day 3: Walking Through Examples of Real LM-79 & LM-80 Reports August 12, 2010: 11:00am - 12:30pm EST

Hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy and Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships

Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships


www.neep.org

DOE Technical Information Network


One & Done Connection to DOEs SSL Work

DOE's Technical Information Network for Solid-State DOE s Solid State Lighting (TINSSL) increases awareness of SSL technology, performance, and appropriate applications. applications TINSSL members receive regular updates on technical progress of SSL technologies, upcoming meetings and events that address market issues related to SSL, and outreach materials developed for target audiences. Coverage includes:
CALiPER Gateway Demonstrations Lighting Facts L Prize

www.designlights.org

Day 2: Understanding and Evaluating ISTMT and LM-80 Reports

ThreePartTINSSLWebinarSeries: UnderstandingandEvaluating LM79andLM80Reports


Program Name or Ancillary Text

JasonTuenge KellyGordon
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory August 11, 2010
eere.energy.gov

LM-79 and LM-80


designlights.org/solidstate.manufacturer.requirements.php
DLC QPL Technical Requirements Table v1.4 o Items covered by LM-79

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www.ssl.energy.gov

LM-79 and LM-80


designlights.org/solidstate.manufacturer.requirements.php
DLC QPL Technical Requirements Table v1.4 o Items covered byLM-80 (compliance Option 1) y p p )

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www.ssl.energy.gov

LM-80 Scope
Like all light sources, the light output from LEDs slowly p g decreases in output over time. Unlike traditional light sources, LEDs do not tend to fail catastrophically [] LEDs may also undergo gradual shifts in the emitted spectra over time time o Lumen maintenance o Color maintenance

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LM-80 Scope
does not provide guidance or make any recommendation g g predictive estimations or extrapolation for lumen p regarding p maintenance determined from actual measurements.

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LM-80 Scope
methods of measurement of lumen maintenance of g g , y sources includingLED packages, arrays and modules only.

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LM-80 Content
The following items shall be listed in the report: o Number of samples tested o Product description o Description of auxiliarye quipment p y p o Operating cycle o Ambient conditions (airflow, temperature, humidity)
o Case temperature (Ts) o Drive current o Luminous fl and f i flux d forward volt d ltage at constantcurren t t t t o Lumen maintenance for each sample and the group o Failure time and conditions for any failures
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LM-80 Content
The following items shall be listed in the report: (contd) o Monitoring interval o Measurement uncertainty o Chromaticity shift y

Image Credit: CALiPER


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LM-80 Content
Three sets of measurements o Case temperature at 55C 85 C, and another 55 C, 85C temperature selected by manufacturer Multiple temperatures allow for interpolation
o The current can be de-rated as a function of temperature in accordance with the manufacturers recommendation. recommendation The intent is to test the LEDs at the same current as during realistic operation. i.e., simple interpolation is not advisable for current! Dont interpolate between curves of differing drive current

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LM-80 Content
Additional DLC QPL requirements o Show all three sets of data together on the same graph Labeled by case temperature Indicate on this graph the interpolated % lumen g p p maintenance for the TMP reported in the ISTMT

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LM-80 Content
Drive current o Measured in LM-80 LM 80 o Not necessarily measured in LM-79 or ISTMT Typ ypicallyonl y reported as a rated value in product y p cutsheets for luminaires or integral lamps Wiring is often inaccessible / unclear

Image credit: Wikipedia.org

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LM-80 Content
LED drive current lamp/luminaire/driver input current o Example of clear luminaire ratings (not measurements)

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www.ssl.energy.gov

LM-79ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR Manufacturers Guide for Qualifying g g Solid State Lighting Luminaires Version 2.0 o Currently referenced by NEEP o Defines In Situ Temperature Measurement Test
(ISTMT)
o To relate the results of the LM-80 test to the luminaire,
DOE requires verification of LED and power supply
supply temperatures in environments that simulate real-world applications (in situ) with tests that measure the temperature of both the hi h t temperature LED i the t f b th th highest t t in th luminaire and the power supply at steady-state thermal equilibrium.

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www.ssl.energy.gov

LM-79ISTMTLM-80

Test LM-79 ISTMT LM-80

Product Tested Luminaire or integral lamp LED li h source light (package/array/module) LED light source Die Package Module or array

Output Usually Initial Maintained

In situ x -

TMP x x

Drive current (Rated) x

Comprised of Light-emitting semiconductor material Dies Packages

Samples per temperature 25 10

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www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMT
TMP for the LED (TMPLED) o Same as case temperature (Ts) defined by LM-80 as case temperature LM 80 o May be at any of the following Solder joint (ts) at the board attachment site Package case (tc) Board temperature (tb) on the module o Used by LED chip manufacturer to estimate junction temperature (tj)

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ISTMT
TMP for the LED (TMPLED) o For the hottest LED package/module in luminaire or integral lamp o Measurement location on package/module indicated by package/module manufacturer

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ISTMT
TMP for the power supply (Tc or TMPPS) o Location indicated by LED power supply manufacturer Typically on power supply case/housing o Traditionally used for warranty purposes y yp p o Not used for evaluation of LM-80 data LEDs and power supplies are tested separately o Not evaluated by NEEP

Image credit: Philips

21 | Solid-State Lighting Program www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMT
In situ o Goes beyond LM-79 for a conservative and more LM 79 accurate estimate of actual operating temperature e.g., troffers arent photometrically tested while recessed into a ceiling plenum o [] follows ANSI/UL 1598-2004 Luminaires or ANSI/UL 153-2005 Portable Luminaires It includes the 153 2005 Luminaires. addition of two (or more) thermocouples, one for the LED package, array, or module and one for the power suppl ly.

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ISTMT
In situ o Luminaires

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ISTMT
In situ o For integral LED replacement lamps ENERGY STAR lamps, references ANSI/UL 1993-1999, Standard for SelfBallasted Lamps and Lamp Adapters o NEEP references ANSI/UL 1574 for track lighting

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ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection
o Scenario 1
1 TMPLED (ISTMT) > maximum Ts (LM-80) Must submit per Option 2, not Option 1
p p

TMPLED = 90C

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ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection o Scenario 2 TMPLED (ISTMT) < minimum Ts (LM-80) Use data from lowest LM-80 case temperature p
TMPLED = 20C

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www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection o Scenario 2 TMPLED (ISTMT) < minimum Ts (LM-80) Use data from lowest LM-80 case temperature p
TMPLED = 20C

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www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection o Scenario 2 TMPLED (ISTMT) < minimum Ts (LM-80) Use data from lowest LM-80 case temperature p
99% at 6,000 hr

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www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection o Scenario 3 TMPLED (ISTMT) minimum Ts (LM-80) and TMPLED (ISTMT) maximum Ts (LM-80) (ISTMT) (LM 80) Lumen maintenance determined using linear interpolation

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www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection o Scenario 3 TMPLED (ISTMT) minimum Ts (LM-80) and TMPLED (ISTMT) maximum Ts (LM-80) (ISTMT) (LM 80)

TMPLED = 73C

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www.ssl.energy.gov

ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection o Scenario 3 TMPLED (ISTMT) minimum Ts (LM-80) and TMPLED (ISTMT) maximum Ts (LM-80) (ISTMT) (LM 80)

92% at 6,000 hr

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ISTMTLM-80
ENERGY STAR lifetime projection

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Qualified Test Labs


DLC QPL o ISTMT NVLAP CALiPER qualified, verified, and contracted UL Data Acceptance Program o LM-80 Manufacturer data accepted until Sep 30, 2010 Must be NVLAP after Sep 30, 2010

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Qualified Test Labs


ENERGY STAR (2010-07-08) o On an interim basis EPA will recognize labs that On basis, have otherwise achieved ISO/IEC 17025 accreditation through NVLAP, have demonstrated competence in cond cting LM 80 testing, and can conducting LM-80 testing demonstrate that they are in the process of obtaining accreditation for LM-80 testing [] Progress towards LM-80 accreditation for these laboratories will be closely monitored, and products qualified through labs which do not complete the accreditation process or demonstrate progress towards accreditation will be disqualified.

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ISTMT Checklist
Report produced by a qualified test lab Data manipulation by supplier appears unlikely
PDF is preferred Test lab letterhead (original) ( g )

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ISTMT Checklist
Consistent with submitted product and cutsheet* Catalog number No portions not clarified by cutsheet Product description and photos or diagrams p g No thermal management not indicated on cutsheet Drive current and # of LEDs Input power

* Or meets Product Group/Family criteria


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LM-80 Checklist
Report produced by a qualified test lab (if applicable)
Consistent with submitted product Product description CCT Drive current Product photos (if available)

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LM-80 Checklist
During long-term operation Three case temperatures: 55C 85C and another 55 C, 85 C, selected by manufacturer Tolerance of - 2C Ambient within - 5C of case temperature Input current 3% of rated RMS D i photometric measurements During h t ti t 25C ambient Tolerance of 2C 2C Input current 0.5% of rated RMS Relative humidity < 65%
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LM-80 Checklist
Voltage Input voltage conforms to rated input voltage and
and frequency of driver Ripple 2% of output voltage (DC only) THD 3% of fundamental Thermocouple Di Diagram shows l h location of attachment point ti f tt h t i t Complies with ASTM E230 Table 1 Special Limits 1 1C or 0 4% whichever is greater 1.1 C 0.4%, Time uncertainty of 0.5% Product sampling method and sample size reported Catastrophic failures reported
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LM-80 Checklist
Adequate number and duration of photometric measurements Minimum 6,000 hours of testing Maximum interval of 1,000 hours Chromaticity measurements included Drive method reported F Forwardvo lt d ltage Constant current Same current for long term operation and photometric long-term measurements Same current for each case temperature Otherwise cant interpolate!
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Final Punch (DLC QPL)


Minimum output, zonal lumens, etc.

Drive current LM-79reported ISTMT reported LM-80 measured TMPLED (measured) ISTMT LM-80 max

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Thank you!

Quest o s Questions?

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