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JAWADHI HILLS The promotion of industrialization in the tribal area should not relocate and relegate the tribal

from the hills. Rather this attempt should transform the tribal economy from hunting and food gathering economy to an eco-friendly highly matured economy for sustainable development Location: The Javadi Hills in the Eastern Ghats is the largest, running from North to South covering a distance of about 50 miles (80 km) in width and 20 miles (32 km) in length. Its average height is 2300 sq ft. bisected into eastern and western sections by the Cheyyar and Agaram rivers. More than 229 tribal villages are scattered in the border areas of Vellore and Thiruvannamalai Districts. The centre and sought of the Javadi hills consist of extensive undulating plateau with large valleys ranging from 500800 metres. Kambhangudi mailai is of 3500 feet height, the highest peak in Jawadhi hills. The forest Consists of dray mixed deciduous to thorny shrubs with occasional patches of dray ever green growth. The Maximum temperature raises to 44.4 degree Celsius in May and minimum temperature falls at 11.7 degree Celsius in January. The average rain fall is about 886mm. Their steep southeastern forest flanks have sandalwood. The hills are sparsely populated; grains, legumes, and oilseeds are the chief crops. The hills are noted both for fruit bearing trees and for sandalwood. The origin of inhabitants: Mixed stories prevail about the origin of the inhabitants. The traces of evidence were seen at the Patthu pattu wherein a special reference on the glory of Javadi hills was noticed. The presence of a tribal cave of 4000 years old confirms that the origin Tribal Cave in Neolithic age of the tribes related to the Stone Age. History reveals that during the wars against the Nawab of Arcot, the wounded soldiers and women of the palace of Chola Kings were sheltered in the hills for safety and security purposes. There are traces of evidence depicting the presence of Chitra Kullers before the outsiders invasion. The rock houses still exist at Chepli above Pattaraikadu giving an affirmation that they might be kullers or the early tribes who lived as hunters much earlier to the invasion of Malayali tribes. The Tribals of Javadhins known as Malayalees lived in various settlement areas that covered on the outer slopes of the hills or at the plateau. Rain fed agriculture or horticulture, collection of minor Forest produces and other forest related activities were their main occupation. Besides the Scheduled caste community, other community members also live in the forest. The population is of the Malayalees tribe is around 40,000 appx. The population size of the latter is considerably less. Their settlement is seen predominantly in areas like Attianaur, Nallapattu, Natchamalai, Polachakottai, Kalaynamandai, Kootathur, Mullipattu, Athipattu, Koviloor, Mamaruthur, Thanjankollai, Gimaruthur, Padiri, Erumaiyanur, palavadi, molaiyanoor, koothaneri, valaikadu, saramandai, vilankuppam, paradiyur, annanagar, periyakollai, Ambedkar Nagar, Palveri, Athukannor, Thattiapattu,Dombaretti, matturkannoor, Thumbakadu,Puliyur, Kootukollai, Perikilpattu etc. Life Style: Jawathi hills can best be described as the richest forest habited by the poorest people who are very deceptive. The usual approach and presumption on Javadi life can lead to a total misreading of the social reality and its dynamics. It is a fact that the forests and the distinct culture of the tribals are diminishing foreseeing disastrous consequences.

The life style of Malayali tribe is simple and modest and is enshrined with nature. These

tribal people do not have the lifestyle of ethnic tribes unlike Badukas and Thodas living in other parts of State. They are all malaivazh makkal other than Palangudiumakkal as their settlement had started just 400 years back in the forest areas. They are all settled cultivatorstraditional Malayalis. The list of minor deities worshipped by the Malayalis is a long one. They do not have a unique identity and dress code. Males mostly are half naked in their houses and at the work places. The women used to wear ordinary sarees of dark colours.

Jawathi tribals can boast of having a noble Dravidic culture with a strong sense of community and brotherhood. They have their own social structures and spirituality that ensured equality, justice and fraternity. Assets owned by them were, more or less, equally distributed. Everyone owns land without any class distinction. Every function that they conduct is treated as a community function rather than attaching it to a particular family. They construct their own mud walled thatched houses having a unique style and elevation at the top for storing grains and valuable things. They live as one community and construct houses at a particular settlement area. The young ones wear half saree with a long gown. The tribal women collect firewood and minor forest produces from the forest. Besides the domestic activities, tribal women engage themselves in the art of extraction of various herbal items in addition to processing of tamarind. They worship Kali, Pidari and Mari; Murugan, Ayyanar and conduct festivals during the Tamil months of Chittrai or Vaikasi. Pidari has many epothets, such as Periya, Chinna, Soka, Pudu, Karum, Karakkattu, Malunguttu, etc. . The chief festival of Mariamman, or Mariyayi as She is often called, is celebrated in the full moon spring months of Thai, Masi, or Panguni. Demons worshipped by the Malayalis are known by many names, such as Periya-Andavan, Andi-appan, Nambi-andan, Sadayan, Vettukkaran, MasiMalayan, Urulaiyan, etc., Many of these minor deities have no shrines and are exposed to open air or in a roofless walled enclosure. Pujaris of Malaiyali caste,

who are known as Tathans or Andis whose office is often hereditary perform the poojas. It is usual for one and the same Pujari to perform poojas at several shrines. He is often identified by the fellow Malayalis by his turban and long hair. He abstains from consuming meat for a certain period or throughout his life. The main general festivals observed by Malayalis are Pongal, Deepavali and the 18th Adi. The second day of Pongal (Mattu-Pongal) is celebrated by hunting excursion and bull-dances. Theirs is a well organized community. Each village has a Chief, Oorann and all adult males are members of the Village Council. Ten to twelve villages form a cluster called Naadu headed by a Naataar. All the Naataars of the hill have a council with Chief Naataar as their Head. The offices of Ooraans and Naatars are hereditary. Problems are solved within their community itself. They do not approach Government Institutions to settle disputes. Women folk work in large numbers for more hours compared to men. There is no dowry system in vogue. The grooms family meets all the expenses of marriage celebrations. Their whole culture looked benign, humane and Godly. The Naduvan and Nattan Play a vital role to bring about harmony among the tribal community. They are the leaders who control the forest. All welfare measures, ethic problems, local issues and differences of opinion are settled by the group. The Nattan is treated with high respects and regards. They cultivate a few species of drought resistant paddy and millets. They do not consume the entire produce but preserve some quantity in the receptacle made of bamboo, the inner portion of which is lined up with grass and leaves. Livelihood Option and Economic activity Various tribal groups of tribals of the Eastern Ghats perform different types of economic activity such as (i) food collection, hunting, gathering and fishing; (ii) shifting cultivation (Podu); (iii) pastoralism and (iv) settled cultivation. The ethnic group of Malayali tribes cultivates different kinds of grains or fruit bearing trees and breed cattle. Their mother tongue is Tamil .The Javadi hill settlers do not have a strong economic base and their present livelihood option is not conduce to earn enough income to improve their life standards. The possession and holding of lands vary from less than 1 acre to 10 acres. They cultivate Ragi, Bajra, Maize rice etc. The harvested grains are mostly used for self consumption. It is only a secondary source of income. The tribes used to collect minor forest produce and market the same in the weekly market which is regularly being holed on every Monday at Jamnamaruthur. They have the habit of visiting the marketing centre at Jamanamarathur and Alangayam for selling the minor forest produces and for other social activities and contacts. The commercial activities have given them only minimal return. Women collect firewood, leaves, nuts and seeds besides rearing the cattle. The slow opening of their self styled subsistence economy started posing problem to the ecosystem. They now have started cutting the commercial wood other than the prohibited varieties for commercial exploitation. The middleman from the plain areas collects the produce. They get income mostly from non-timbre forest produces. The important non-forest produce are Tamarind, Nellikai, Yettikottai, Avaram Bark, Konnai Bark, Kadukkai, Pungan, Tagarai, Manipungan, Seekai, Woodapple, Elandai, Kilakkai, Setha, Koiya, Thuringimaramn, Alingimaran, Arasamanram, Veppalimaran, Katu elumichai, sundaikkai etc

Fragile socio-economic livelihood base:


In the absence of an Integrated Marketing System, the tribal people are exploited by middlemen and traders. They have very little to offer from farming activities due to taut poverty.

The limited earning is insufficient to meet their needs for subsistence and survival. Despite that situation, they are habituated to live with minimum wants. The poverty alleviation exercise warrants strong social movement, high return on NTFP and value addition for NTFP item, and an attempt on promotion of forest allied enterprises warrants lesser strain on economical system. Process of modernization and outside contacts are largely responsible for effecting change in the life styles of these people. Pressures of cash economy and growing population have been the major contributory factors for ecological degradation. Subsistence mode of agriculture has partially or fully been replaced by cash economy. Their agro forestry system that promoted growing of trees in and around the agricultural lands has disappeared to a large extent. The average family earnings per month is less than Rs.2000/- and most of them do not have the practice of savings. The tribal women are in a low profile. Knowledge on Medicinal Plants. Normally, the knowledge of tribals on hibernal, medical extraction and curing of diseases are intensive and extrovert in nature. However, in case of Javadi tribes, the knowledge and application of plants is still an unexploited area in nature. Such ethno-medicinal practice is on the verge of extinction among Javadi tribes. The tribal should be trained to create a strong integrated livelihood option along forest based lines as its the best source for economic upliftment.

The Important trees and plants located in the Javadi Hills

Alamaram alingjmaram Arasu Athandai Athi Avaram Elvagaipalai etti Jathikkai Kadukkai kaliyanamurungai Karungali karuppalai Kattunarathai kattuvagai Keelakkai kirambu Kugamathi magilamaram Mahilamaram Malainaval Malaivembu manipilanthi Mapplilaikondrai Marul maylkondrai Manipungai Murukkan Neermarudham Nelli oduthi Otuvan pachai eeluvai Piriyani maram ponavaarai Poovarasu Purasu rose sandal wood tree Eucalyptus Karunai maram Irumpuli Kathapunaki Peenchaimaram

Sandal wood tree senbagamaram Echamaram pachai eeluvai Kodpuli ponavaarai Senthanukku thalippanai thanneerkaimaram Thettran Thagarai usilai vagai vakkanaththi vannimaram Veeramaram vellaimrudhu venanthai venpoovarasu veppalai Thrungimaran vidathara Woodapple Cita custard apple custard apple Jackfruits Mango Tamarind tree Rose wood Sandal wood Teak wood Salaimaram vengai Thandi Poruchi amram Fashion fruits Tharani maram Butter apple Nekkinimaran Savattai Sompuruchi Vellaiindu maram

anotta chirukurinchan Eechampul kalachikottai kalpasam kattamanakku Kattukaruveppilai Kattumilagai Keelanalli Kugamathi Kundumani Kuppaimani Lemongrass Malai Nannari maruthani Melanalli Muppirandai Muyalkathukalli Mankathukally nayuruvi Neermulli Neernochi nochi Onankodi Virali Coffee plantation Seemaagathi Moongil Mavallikilangu Rose Kattu elumichai Sorattumullu pachcholi Palmarosa Peimiratti Periakattukodi ponavarai Poomichakkaravalli Kilangu Poonaikali Purangai nari sangupuspam seriya kattukodi sirukurunjan sirusanni sithaaraththai sittharathai Sundai thanneervittan kilangu thavasimurungai Keerai thmuthalai thumbai vetrilaivalli kilangu Visamullai Ginger Pulichai Seengai Malai Peper Multivitamin plant Kattukilangu Maravallikilangu Malli, pichi Kattunarathai Ullichedi

Mobility of the Tribes on Plain Lands: The young ones who are in the transitional life style go in for a drastic drift from the natural resource based activities of forestry to search for wage based employment at far-off places. The symbiotic relationship with nature for survival is slowly eroding as the younger ones migrate to nearby city, towns and far-off places for subsistence in the changed and challenged environment. Their re-entry to the forests often has started disturbing the eco-system in the forest and has created a new embolic life style among the tribes. The mass migration of tribes can only be arrested through rebuilding of forest based life on a sustainable basis for the betterment of tribes and the eco-system. Parade on Forest resources: Javadi hills are well known for concentration of sandalwood trees once upon a time. The climate and the environment are conducive to raise sandalwood trees. Javadi hills had once rich sandal tress. Most of them were the legacy to get cut for pecuniary and fringe benefits. Such illegal activities has not only disbursed the ecosystem but has polluted the life styles of the tribes. They are all on the threshold of fear and frustration in the Jungle. Their survival threat is not emerged from the wild animals and other poisonous species but from the human beings by way of assault the assault on the tribal race aimed at having illogical trade on the forest resources. Preserve and Spare the forest for the future Generation: Despite of series of developmental effects being taken for the upliftment of the tribal community, the socio economic condition appears to be static and has become worst as the forest resources are being ghastly depleted in the race for development. Natural resources and forests have to be saved and preserved for the future generation. The evil effect of rapid deforestation has started affecting the global ecosystem. Mankind cannot survive without forests and its green coverage. The tribal are the sons of nature and it must be a commitment for every one of us to preserve and protect forests so as to save the global community as a whole from devastation and destruction. Alternative integrated inclusive tribal development model: This is a dichotomy between the nature of the problem of backwardness and the contradictory character of the development process. The degradation of forest produces and changed life pattern of the tribal has created insecurity for their livelihood. Such a contradictory concept of development process will never bring about development of the hilly regions. The tribal are prone to exploitation on all directions. They are in the process of being extinct from forests as in the case of certain wild animals. They are poor and illiterates operating on a poor economic base dominated and exploited both by insiders and outsiders. The prevalence of inequality and discrimination in terms of participation, benefit sharing and inclusion, introvert and extrovert exploitation, have not given any permanent solution to the living conditions of tribal people. The highlights on unsecured and exploitative tribal economy In the forest of Javadi, different types and varieties of animals and birds were seen in ancient days. Javadi hills must have been the abode of animals including elephants in the past. At present the status of the presence of animals is eroding. Only Spotted deer, Wild boar, Sambar deer, Cobra, are the common animals found in the Odugathur range and Amridhi range. Prevalence of multiple exploitation

in-roads of plain people into the tribal habitats, Land alienation Lack of sufficient cultivable lands Decrease in forest areas Lack of attraction towards animal husbandry and live stocks due to migratory nature
Poor accessibility to the development programmes Poor quality of services Weak institutional tie up continued socio-economic Marginalistion Inadequate skills and literacy

Seclusion of society Inadequate outreach services Lack of sustainable and alternative economic opportunities. Drift from the forest life Inadequate community capabilities. Modern influence on consumption pattern Mass migration Shifting of occupation Lack of awareness of rights and entitlements Inadequate outreach of delivery mechanism and high lineages Vulnerable to illegal practice by few. Belief in quacks

Lack of Communication Lack of awareness towards health related programmes Lack of health education Lack of pure drinking water and hand pumps Lack of proper houses Dirty environment Drinking habit Pollution in Environment Lack of family welfare programme

existing exploitative system


Poor Road Poor Communication
Dominance of Money Lenders and middlemen

Invasion of Commercial Agriculture

Weak Market Links

Land Alienation & Estate conversion

Slow Modern Education

Illegal cutting trees Illegal cutting ofoftrees

Low profile of sponsored social development schemeprograms

Malayali Tribes

Land alternation Land alternation

Loss of interest in Traditional agriculture

Over grassing and poor forest management

Mass migration

Erratic climatologically conditions

Destruction of Traditional Institution

Cultural Erosion

Negative Impact
Unsustainable Resource Management Drought Mobility increased Food Insecurity, Nutritional Insecurity Health Insecurity,Poverty, Migration Illegal trade practice,Lana alienation, loss of cultural identity, Fast degradation of forest resources , Multiple exploitation.

Positive Impact
Literacy status improved Development of Infrastructure Slow Increase in Income Slow heath improvement

Alternative measures

Conducting awareness Stong Communication


Strong Market Links

Strengthening the inhabitation of animals and species

Creation of Tribal Herbal Garden

Arresting Alienation & Estate conversion

Alternative suitable income generating activities Apiculture, Horticulture ,

Opening Modern Education


Arresting l cutting of trees

Dovetailing the programmes and schemes cluster initiatives Creating Health centres

Post Malayali Tribes intervention

Creation of common warehousing Creation validation for the forest produce


Over grassing and poor forest management Creating water mini sources

Restoring Traditional agriculture methods in blend with modern Arresting migration

Reforestation / replantation

Employable training programme


Creation of raw material bank with Herbal cluster Introducing floriculture and Spices developemnt

Restoring Cultural Identity Creating food processing centre Micro financing

Positive Impact
sustainable Resource Management, Socio, Political and economic empowerment Food Security, Nutritional security ,Health security, Poverty eradiation, Illegal trade practice , restoring of right on Forest regeneration of forest resources , Strengthening the supply chain , Ecofriendly industrial support

Poor Road Poor Communication


Weak Market Links Slow Modern Education
Low profile of sponsored social development

Dominance of Money Lenders and middlemen

Invasion of Commercial Agriculture

Land Alienation & Estate conversion

Land alternation

Malayali

Land alternation

schemeprograms
Loss of interest in Traditional agriculture

Tribes
Over grassing and poor forest management t

Mass migration

Erratic climatologically conditions

Destruction of Traditional Institution

Cultural Erosion

Negative Impact
Unsustainable Resource Management Drought Food Insecurity, Nutritional Insecurity Health Insecurity Poverty, Migration Illegal trade practice Lana alienation, loss of cultural identity, Fast degradation of forest resources Multiple explotition.

Positive Impact
Literacy status improved Mobility increased Development of Infrastructure Slow Increase in Income Slow heath improvement

The alternative integrated inclusive tribal development model advocates for biological versus ecological feasibility based developmental activities. Such an incisive model will ensure consolidation of tribal life and regeneration of forest resources for sustainable, long term development. The tribal community should be organized properly for any meaningful interaction and intervention. But this is seen as a big threat to the existing exploitative system. Resource Management and Commercialization of economic activities of the tribes will pave way for a permanent solution to the exploitation of tribals and management of forests which will in turn ensure a harmonious development of the tribal people. The rights on common property resources have a crucial role for collective action. It is a well designed an adaptive model to support the tribal along with nature to follow heterogamous activities like, Harmonious Development Silviculture practice, improve the vegetation coverage Plantation of suitable trees and shrubs to create wind breaks and sand break forests; soil and water conservation forests Horticulture development, Undertaking Biological feasibility activity Commercial exploitation of minor produce creating employment opportunity Alternative energy option Proper land use pattern Ensuring tribal participation and co-operative movement in the forest region Proper cultivation and construction of common storage system monoculture plantations into multifunction forest plantations to increase their resilience and their erosion control potential enhancing the forest rights of the tribe Commercial exploitation of minor produce Horticulture development Adopting Scientific agriculture methods in the farming activities Promotion of integrated agro allied activities. creation of model herbal gardens creating green/ organic manure Afforestation of denuded forest land with species which can provide both fuel and fodder Judicious utilization of safe water Emphasis on improvement of health Facilities including infrastructural facilities in primary health institutions Make-shift first aid centre Offering Mobile Medical and health service development of network of transport and communication facilities with emphasis on feeder paths and roads Energy option Herbal extraction, Creation of genetic bank to preserve the rare species Fruit processing, Vermi composing, Apiculture Goat rearing and improvement of leave stock Protecting the wild animals Integrated mini dairy farming, Restoration of traditional treatment Ensuring backward and forward integration Adoption of appropriate technology and scientific inputs for suitable development Creating Model training cum marketing centre Creation of model vocational training centre Introducing integrated Employment Guarantee scheme for tribes

The alternative integrated inclusive tribal development model needs to be implemented effectively. Local people are to be engaged in all the processes of development. A leader can be selected from among the dedicated experienced persons and his expert advice can be taken for a massive mass participation model. New Initiatives BY Silesian Society The enthralling missionary service of the Silesian Society is worth mentioning. The Don BasCo Tribal Development Institution has been playing a vital role in uplifting the status of the tribes in Javadi Hills. This mission has already taken up multiple tasks to protect and promote the hilly people. The dedicated team of the missionary has attempted to ensure social and economic empowerment of the hilly people through mass participation and collective initiatives in this region. They have not only created a shelter for the poor but has given shelter for opening their eye through education and empowerment activities. The concerns on hilly women empowerment through education and development activities have started giving a trickle-down impact on the ecosystem. The recognition of their work and service to the target group has to be seen from the eye of the hilly people. The main focus of any well conceived programme for tribal development should be to mitigate poverty through ensuring socio-economic empowerment with lesser strain on forest and ecosystem Any effective Tribal Development Programme should not be a piecemeal and sporadic attempt. Isolated and ad-hoc attempts for tribal development cannot at all solve the problems of the hilly regions. It should be a well conceived and integrated developmental process to preserve the forest rich flora and fauna, the ecological system along with empowerment of the tribal on the right of the forest and mass participation of the hilly people in the process of rebuilding the tribal economic system. A well conceived all-around tribal development warrants socio-economic empowerment, protecting their rights on forests, conserving their traditional knowledge on medicine, educational awareness and tribal participation in forest resource management, suitable and sustainable industrialization with nature etc. They have a self contained life system. OBJECTIVES OF THE PLAN SOCIAL OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. Progressive elimination of exploitation and injustice. Removal of disparities. To encourage and increase peoples initiative and participation and to inculcate in them the spirit of selfreliance. To foster community feeling and sense of mutual help, cooperation and sharing among people instead of the desire to pursue ones own self-interest, particularly through appropriate institutions of the other groups.

ECONOMIC OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. To provide opportunities for full and gainful employment to every person and ensure community participation in order to make equality a reality. To create alternative livelihood based on local resources and value addition Use of local resources both material and human supplemented by outside inputs wherever necessary. Production oriented packages to meet basic and minimum needs with surplus available for capital formation and further development. To plan infrastructural facilities such as roads, markets, energy sources, warehouses, agricultural inputs, distribution centres and cooperatives.

APPROPRIATE GUIDELINES AND ADAPTIVE SPATIAL PLANNING FOR STEERING THE PROCESS OF TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT The package of Tribal Development Programme should be based on appropriate guidelines. The complex socio economic conditions of the tribal have kept them on a low profile. The non fighting nature of the tribes is still a

source of exploitation by the outsiders. Their economy is being haunted for the welfare of a few. Now it has given asylum to antisocial elements and greedy middlemen. The appropriate and adaptive spatial planning advocates systematic approach for sustainable development. The Guidelines for tribal planning should not be built based on postulation and assumptions. The integrated development plan should take care of the following points while attempting to rekindle the growth of the traditional chocked tribal economy.
Support should be provided to form more special tribal self help groups for promotional and developmental purpose. Necessary support should be provided to the group to initiate employment generating activities for ensuring their livelihood option within the forest region.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

Tribals right on the land and forest should be protected. Adoption of tribal area for all-around development. Involvement of Tribal in all development processes Formation user group Allotment of special fund for group initiatives Joint Forest Management Support for minor water management scheme. Support for creating habitation facilities and rehabilitation services for the animials in their footsteps. - Crating small check ponds, repletion of fast growing trees and plants , even breading the small animal centre in the natural captive places for ensuring the animals life cycle and ensuring food security to the animals in their own areas Identification of right Service providers or Hand-holder Comprehensive financial support for strengthening the infrastructure facilities without damaging the hilly areas Establishing Emergency medical camp nearby the tribal settlement Support for creating Integrated Horticulture and herbal gardens Developing a strategic and workable plan for forest conservation Land alienation, security of tenure and ownership Support for protecting the tribal traditional medicinal practice Support for Mass awareness programme on forest based livelihood method and Adoption of forest by the cluster group for strengthening the forest resources and forest green coverage Ensuring Safe drinking water, shelter for tribal population and electricity facilities. This task can be entrusted to the special taskforce group. Inaccessible tribal areas are to be opened up Implementation mass educational campaign Establishing integrated value secrecies and forest based industrial activities Minor and Medium irrigation and lift irrigation schemes should be set up on hilly areas. Construction of Common marketing centre with all facilities nearby the town exclusively for the tribal community.

Land and Livelihood option: A new road map for sustainable Development: The Workable Development Model advocates harmony of growth with nature. The tribes are living in a pitiable and precarious situation. The availability of small, fragmented land of the tribes is inadequate to meet subsistence level requirements of the household/family. Amidst crisis, MSME-DI adopted this area to achieve inclusive growth in the Javathi Hills regions with the active support of Don Bas Co Tribal Development Institution, an active NGO engaged in the promotion of Hilly people in the region. It is a step by step attempt to promote the tribal economy in the Javadi region. Due to the outreach constraint, we have attempted to form a small user group on pilot basis. The successful implementation of this concept will be replicated in the other regions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Conducting intensive awareness programme on alternative livelihood option Creation of Integrated Herbal Garden in the Javadi hills Support for creating integrated Herbal clinic cum production centre based on the tribal system of medicines in the hilly region with the support of members of the Herbal clusters in Chennai Identification of medicinal plants and herbs in the Javadi hills by involving the experts and BDS in the field Creating common brand image for the Javadi tribals products. Encouraging food based and forest based industries in the Javadi hills region

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Support for strengthening the supply chain and value addition for marketing their forest produce Encouraging floriculture and spices development in the Javadi hilly regions Conducting shorter term Intensive product specific training programme for the target groups creation of common warehousing, storage centre within the region Support for common marketing and establishing marketing centre in all the Government Hospital for value based traditional treatment by the tribal Vaidiyar in this centre. Creating common processing centre nearby the inhabitation places Tribal Cluster initiatives Creating R & D centre for encouraging Adoptive improved technical skills suitable to hilly regions under cluster initiatives. Creating of Tribal Service centre - with the facilities of recreating centre and entertainment centres, Creation food security in the Javadi regions Supporting the Tribal groups to set-up a Integrated Value Production Centre near by the hilly regions instead of encouraging them within the forest regions with the support of other cluster members Focus on Employability skills and Support for ensuring alternative employment

Enterprising initiatives: Skill Training Programme has already been conducted to support the youth to augment their skills and training for livelihood, sustainability and improving the employable skills among the tribals. MSME-DI in association with Don Bas Co Tribal Development Institution has already started conducting Quality Food Processing Training Programme for the targetted people. The selected 20 beneficiares got training in preparation of pickes, Jam and honey processing. Special training had been imparted to make pickles from Athikai, tamarind paste, ginger etc and jam was prepared from the local fruit variety namely Wood Apple. It is an attempt to commercially exploit the local resources for expanding the economic base of the tribal society. Encouraging/ promoting tribal self Help group and to Access to Credit Poverty remains persistent among the tribes as their adoptive life system have been disturbed and damaged due to the external influence. The Tribal does not feel poor and deprived those days as their survival was guaranteed by the nature on those days. Lack of access to institutional and formal credit suitable to the needs of poor families is a major economic constraint. Special Micro finance support may be created for the target-group for encouraging developmental activities in the hilly regions. The Don Bas Co Tribal Development Institution has already initiated a Community Development Movement by establishing a Co-Operative Society in the Javadi hills region. The society will be integrated and MSME-DI will attempt to create micro credit facilities with the support of the bankers. . Promotion of Alternative Livelihoods: Low employment opportunities in the hilly regions are prone to multiple exploitation. Strengthening the non-farm economic activities will be sustainable to self employment opportunities. Support for establishing an integrated value added products and processing centre for minor forest produces will support their sustainability. MSME-Di already undertaken the task to establish a Processing Centre in association with Don Bas Co Tribal Development Institution

Action plan
Activities
Community Mobilization and Institution Building Assessment of sustainable livelihoods and priorities Conducting awareness campaigning Employable training programme Identification of Plants and species Creation of raw material bank with Herbal cluster, Chennai Mass plantation drive Creation of Tribal Herbal Garden Creating food processing centre Creation of common asset Creation of common warehousing centre to keep the Minior Forest produce Preparation of integrated life sustainable project for availing financial assistance from NTDC Cluster initiatives Conservation of forest, Water and Vegetation
1-3 months 3-6 months 6-9 months 9-12 Months 2 Year 3 Year

Creating water mini sources