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ELITE EXAM 5-STAR SERIES

Please stick the barcode label here.

HONG KONG DIPLOMA OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION


Candidate Number

ENGLISH LANGUAGE PAPER 1


Markers Examiners Use Only
Examiners No.

QUESTION-ANSWER BOOK Sample


TIME ALLOWED: 1 hour 30 minutes

Use Only
Marker No.

Part
(20% of the subject mark)

Marks

Marks

A
INSTRUCTIONS

Write your candidate number in the spaces provided on this page. Stick your barcode label in the space provided on this page. There are two parts in this paper. Answer ALL questions in Part A. In part B, you should choose EITHER Section 1 (easier) OR Section 2 (more difficult). The reading passages are in a separate booklet. Write your answers clearly and neatly in the spaces provided in this Question-Answer Book. Use a pencil to write your answers. Answers written in the margins will not be marked. For multiple-choice questions, blacken the appropriate circle with pencil. Wrong marks must be completely erased with a clean rubber. Mark only ONE answer to each question. Two or more answers will score NO MARKS. DO NOT take away the Reading Passages booklet. It will be collected separately at the end of the examination. Supplementary answer sheets will be supplied on request. Write your candidate number, fill in the question number and stick a barcode label on each sheet and fasten them with string INSIDE this Question-Answer Book.

B1

2.

B2

Total 3.

4.

5.

6.

HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 1

Each question carries ONE mark unless otherwise stated. Part A (56 marks) Answer questions 1-38 using information from the passage on page 2 of the Reading Passages booklet. Write your answers in the spaces provided. For multiple-choice questions, choose the best answer and blacken ONE circle only. 1. Look at the expression subject of much speculation in line 2 . Decide which of the definitions below is closest in meaning. A. object of scientific enquiry B. issue that is highly argumentative C. topic that involves a lot of guesswork D. question of good judgment 2. Which of the following is most concerned about happiness? A. historian B. sociologist C. criminologist D. educationist 3. Complete each description about happiness by underlining the correct option. One has been done for you as an example. Money and happiness is (questionably/unquestionably) (5 marks)

Answers written in the margin will not be marked.

correlated, however, the association is (convincing/ unconvincing). Research finds out that ones happiness is (connected/ disconnected) with how old one is. Ones average level of happiness remains (constant/unsteady) throughout ones life.

Prettiness may bring (benefits/harm) to people, but happiness and attractiveness is (highly/hardly) unrelated.

4.

Find words in lines 1 - 12 which could be replaced by the following: a. practical judgment b. be plentiful c. really d. help develop __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________

(4 marks)

5.

Based on the information given, which of the following is true. A. Parents are happier because they have children. B. People who have no religion are happier. C. University students are happier than uneducated people. D. Friendship can make people happier.

Answers written in the margin will not be marked. HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 2

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6.

Find expressions in paragraphs 2-5 which mean the opposite of the phrases below: A. fall below B. be surprisingly unsteady ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

(2 marks)

______________

7.

Name 5 factors that may contribute to happiness. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

Answers written in the margin will not be marked.

8.

What does it in line 6 refer to? ________________________________________________________________________________

9.

Name three factors which are found to be unrelated to happiness: ________________________________________________________________________________

10.

The style of this article is: A. formal B. informal C. poetical D. literary

11.

What is the writers main purpose in writing the article? A. to complain B. to explain C. to entertain D. to proclaim

12.

Who is his target audience/reader? A. a student B. a friend C. the general public D. the poor people

13.

What can key in line 8 be replaced by? A. opener B. solution C. answer D. result

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HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 3

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14.

Explain why health may not produce happiness?

(2 marks)

________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 15. Based on the information in this article, can you list out the characteristics of a happy person? (3 marks) ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

Answers written in the margin will not be marked.

________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 16. Why do you think the information about happiness in this article is reliable? ________________________________________________________________________________ 17. What are the areas of strength and weakness of the following factors in promoting happiness? (4 marks)

Factor Parenthood

Areas of strength ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

Areas of weakness ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

Beauty

Love and Marriage

____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

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HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 4

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18.

How many of these factors are mentioned in the article? Mark each picture with a tick ( it is mentioned and a cross ( A. ) if it is not. B. C.

)in the box if (5 marks)

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D.

E.

Two friends are discussing the article about the determinants of happiness. Complete their conversation with suitable words or expressions from the box below. Use each answer ONCE only. The first one has been done for you as an example. A. seems to C. arent a bit E. to be G. afraid that I. got it from K. would be B. done by D. its a bit F. did you get H. the same with J. is it only L. how about (11 marks)

E Do you know that money is found _________


unrelated to happiness? It (19) _________ contradict commonsense thinking.

Oh, really. Where (20) _________ that piece of information? Is it reliable? (21) _________ guesswork?

I (22) _________ a scientific journal. It says it is the result of empirical analysis (23) _________ social scientists.

Anyway, (24) _________ surprising as most people think money promotes happiness. Hey, (25) _________ beauty?

Its (26) _________ money. Attractive people may enjoy some advantages but they (27) _________ happier than unattractive people.

Oh, Im (28) _________ many people (29) _________ disappointed to hear all of these latest findings about happiness.

Answers written in the margin will not be marked. HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 5

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Writing in Response: Letter to the editor of a newspaper Below is a draft letter written by your friend P. Yip in response to the article. Read the choice of words and expressions given and help P. Yip to express his support for the viewpoint of the article by underlining the best option as shown in the example. He feels (aspired / satisfied / inspired) with his result. (9 marks)

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(30) convincing / contrary / conflicting to popular beliefs, it is a good (31) reminder / warning / suggestion to those who think that money can (32) produce / provide / boost their happiness.

Moreover, it also reminds people to pay (33) detention / concentration / attention to those factors that are really (34) contented / associated / undertaken with happiness, such as love, marriage and work. People who dont like to work but always dream of getting rich would be very (35) disgusted / delighted / disappointed to read this article. I hope they can (36) direct / change / advise their view of happiness and start working hard.

As a whole, I appreciate the wisdom of this article. It helps make our society become less (37) materialistic / monetary / financial but more (38) contradictory / spiritual / broadening. P. Yip, Tsim Sha Tsui

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HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 6

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The article about the determinants of happiness is a piece of wisdom much needed today. Though it is

Part B Choose EITHER Section 1 (easier) OR section 2 (more difficult). Section 1 (46 marks) Answer question 39-56 using information from the stories shown on pages 3 of the reading passages booklet. Write your answers in the spaces provided. For multiple-choice question, choose the best answer and blacken ONE circle only. 39. How did the people in the stories get their money? A. They got it by earning. B. They got it by winning. C. Some got it by earning whereas the others by winning. D. Some got it by winning whereas the others by inheriting.

Answers written in the margin will not be marked.

40.

Which part of the world did these stories take place? A. the West B. the East C. the Middle-east D. the Poles

41.

What types of content does these stories feature? A. historical record of rich people B. advice about how to use money C. scientific information about money D. comments and personal stories

42.

Read Story A carefully and decide if the following are true (T), false (F) or not stated (X). Put appropriate symbols in the boxes below. A. Carol King got more friends after she had won the lottery. B. Carol King became a drunk. C. Carol King was estranged from her family. _______ _______ (3 marks)

43.

Which word best describes Carols life after winning the lottery? ________________________________________________________________________________

44.

Which words in Story A mean the same as the following? A. handling B. made unfriendly C. poor D. ended up ____________ ____________ ____________________________ ____________________________ ____________ ____________

(4 marks)

45.

What does the expression struck it rich mean in Story A? ________________________________________________________________________________

Answers written in the margin will not be marked. HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 7

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46.

Look at how pool is used in Story A and decide which of the definitions below is closest in meaning. A. a small area of still water in a hollow place B. a common supply of money, goods, workers etc C. a type of American billiards D. a sort of betting

47.

What can eventually in line 6 be replaced by? A. similarly B. surprisingly C. finally D. subsequently

48.

Complete the sentence below:

(2 marks)

According to Story A, people who become rich suddenly can go ____________________ when they ____________________ extravagantly.

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49.

Look for words or expressions in Story B which are the opposite in meaning to: a. negative influence b. contact with c. to be mean ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________________

(3 marks)

50.

Name two illegal things that Jack Nicholson had committed: He had committed ____________________and ____________________ .

(2 marks)

51.

What does the expression under the influence in line 11 mean? ___________________________________________________________________________________

52.

In Story C, which of the following items do the Johnsons and the Thompsons differ from each other? Circle more than one answer if appropriate. Profession / age / income / wants / life satisfaction / marital harmony

53.

Look at how chain (line 21) is used in Story D and decide which of the definitions below is closest in meaning. A. a series of connected metal rings B. a series of connected things or people C. a group of shops/stores owned by the same company D. a thing that restricts ones freedom or ability to do something

Answers written in the margin will not be marked. HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 8

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54.

What are the TWO good things that John Robbins (Story D) and Bill Gates (Story E) have done? (4 marks) a. John Robbins ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ b. Bill Gates ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

Answers written in the margin will not be marked.

55.

Read the following comments, matching each with ONE of the messages on pages 3 of the reading passages booklet. Use each letter ONCE only. The first is given to you as an example: (5 marks)

e.g. I support the conclusion money can make you happy if you spend it by helping others.

I wonder if he would feel happier by giving money than earning it. He must have known that it is more blessed to give than to get.

I hate the person who smothered the child with lots of money. This is definitely not love but harm.

I appreciate such a person. If I were him, I would not close down the business. But I think he knows how money should better be used.

So money is a relative concept. It is not how much money you have but how much desire you get.

I think friends should give advice rather than go away.

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HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 9

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56.

Complete the information summary below. Identify the writers concept of money and happiness. Decide if the views expressed about money and happiness are (13 marks) General opinion expressed Supporting quote from the story Change mentioned in the story

generally positive or negative. Quote ONE piece of evidence to justify your response. Write down ONE change mentioned in each of the stories. Some of the details

have been completed to help you.

Answers written in the margin will not be marked.

HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 10

Story

Writers view of money and happiness

_________________________________

_________________________________

_________________________________

Negative

Carol filed for bankruptcy.

_________________________________

_________________________________

_________________________________ _________________________________

_________________________________ His life was much more desperate than before. _________________________________

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_________________________________

They end up feeling poorer.

_________________________________ _________________________________

The Thompsons want more expensive luxuries and experiences.

Happiness comes when you _________________________________ _________________________________ know how to use the money you _________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ have altruistically.

_________________________________

_________________________________ _________________________________

He dedicated his time to _________________________________ philanthropy. _________________________________


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Section 2 (50 marks)

Answer question 57-76 using information from the poem on page 4 and the article on page 5 of the reading passages booklet. Write your answers in the spaces provided. For multiple-choice questions, choose the best answer and blacken ONE circle only. 57. Name any FIVE of the performers portrayed in this poem? a. _________________ d. _________________ 58. b. _________________ e. _________________ c. _________________ (2 marks)

Which performer plays with the people? How do you know? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________

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___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 60. What is the tone of the poem? A. amusing B. melancholy C. reflective D. depressed 61. Which stanzas have the same rhyme? ___________________________________________________________________________________ 62. In stanza 1, line 3, what does jubilations mean? ___________________________________________________________________________________

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HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 11

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59.

How do the people celebrate in the carnival?

(3 marks)

63.

Look through ALL the verses of the poem, for words or expressions to match these definitions? (3 marks) a. _______________ b. _______________ c. _______________ (v) to behave so as to try to get people to admire you (adj) ordinary (v) be on ones guard

64.

Which word is used to imply that a change is made very fast? ___________________________________________________________________________________

65.

What sorts of sound are heard in the carnival?

(2 marks)

___________________________________________________________________________________ 66. How do the people look like? ___________________________________________________________________________________

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___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 68. How is this poem related to the happiness study explained in Part A? (2 marks)

___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ For question 69-75, please refer to the article on page 5 of the reading passages booklet. 69. In line 71-72, it is said that between 1957 and 1998, from 35% to 33%: we are twice as rich and no happier. Try to draw TWO LINES on the graph below to illustrate the above sentence. Note that the starting points for income (*) and happiness (+) are given.
$ 20000 $ 18000 $ 16000 $ 14000 $ 12000 $ 10000 $ 8000 + $ 6000 $ 4000 $ 2000 $0 30% 20% 10% 0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40%

(2 marks)

Answers written in the margin will not be marked. HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 12

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67.

What kinds of games are played in the carnival?

(2 marks)

70.

This article is mainly about the _______ society. A. British B. American C. Indian D. Canadian

71.

According to paragraph 1, what should the American dream be in its original form? ___________________________________________________________________________________

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72.

Look at how the words below are used in the article. Decide which of the options provided is closest in meaning and black ONE circle only. Line 36 Word evaporates Meaning changes into vapour ceases to exist becomes unimportant lucky 84 hedonic tough happy steady 87-88 even-keeled uncertain mature (3 marks)

73.

Look at how the pronouns below are used and briefly explain what they refer to in the article. (2 marks) PRONOUN it they PARAGRAPH / LINE Para 2 / Line 23 REFERENCE It refers to ______________________________ _______________________________________ It refers to ______________________________ Para 6 / Line 49 _______________________________________

74.

Here is a list of alternations for a slightly different version of the article. Fill each gap with ONE word. Refer to the paragraph and line number specified for the specific ideas. Some have been done for you as an example. (4 marks)

Para 1 / line15-18 Although it is impossible to reach the happy lifestyles of the rich, most people still imagine that they might have the chance to live the good life of the rich. Para 2 / line 19-26 A survey result indicated that many university students consider becoming very well off financially as very important. Obviously, in their mind, what _________ is money. Para 5 / line 37-39 When the basic human needs of the very poor people are _________ , more money does promote their happiness. Para 7 / line 62-64 The American society is now twice as rich when compared with 1957, and the things people can buy have been _________ . Para 10 / line 97-100 Contrary to popular belief, it is found that increased happiness does not _________ escalating wealth. Answers written in the margin will not be marked. HKDSEE-ENG LANG PAPER 1 - 13

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75.

What is the meaning of diminishing returns and how does it relate to money and happiness? (3 marks) ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________

76.

Which person on pages 4-5 of the reading passages booklet would you attribute the following to? Justify your answers by quoting one sentence or phrase from the text. Some have been done for you as examples. (14 marks)

ey I have! ed by the mon my life! s cant be solv happiness in A: My problem dont find a bit I of money, yet B: I have lots
C: we are grateful for our ability to adapt to increasing wealth.

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F: See what they become, here we go!

G: We are going to perform the famous musical: the Beauty and the Beast Mime. difficult feat try some more applause, well your H: Thanks for ent. for your enjoym
Most likely Speaker Supporting sentence / phrase

A B C D E F G H
John John could never remember being happy.

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E: What money ca

D: If you ess but problems! n buy is not happin

t, you will s spend it righ

urely feel ha

ppy!

ELITE EXAM 5-STAR SERIES ENGLISH LANGUAGE PAPER 1 VOL.1 Reading Passages Sample

INSTRUCTIONS
1 2. 3. Write all your answers in the Question-Answer Book. DO NOT take away this booklet. It will be collected separately at the end of the examination. DO NOT write any answers in this booklet, as they will not be marked.

Part A - This is the compulsory part. Answer all questions in this part. Read the following passage and then answer questions 1-38 on pages 2 - 6 of the Question-Answer Book. (56 marks)

The Determinants of Happiness [1] What exactly makes a person happy? This question has been the subject of much speculation. Commonsense hypotheses about the roots of happiness abound. For example, you have no doubt 5 heard that money cannot buy happiness. But do you believe it? A television commercial says, If youve got your health, youve got just about everything. Is health indeed the key? What if youre healthy but poor, unemployed, and lonely? We often hear about 10 the joys of parenthood, the joys of youth, and the joys of a simple, rural life. Are these the factors that promote happiness? [2] In recent years, social scientists have begun studying what factors are related or unrelated to 15 happiness. Below are the results of empirical analysis of the determinants of happiness: [3] First are the unimportant ones: [4] Money There is a positive correlation between income and happiness, but the association is 20 surprisingly weak. Admittedly, being very poor can make people unhappy, but once people ascend above the poverty level, there is little relation between income and happiness. [5] Age Age and happiness are consistently found 25 to be unrelated. Age accounts for less than 1 percent of the variation in peoples happiness. In short, peoples average level of happiness tends to remain remarkably stable over the life span. [6] Gender Like age, gender accounts for less than 30 1 percent of the variation in peoples happiness. [7] Parenthood Children can be a tremendous source of joy and fulfillment, but they can also be a tremendous source of headaches and hassles. Apparently, the good and bad aspects of parenthood 35 balance each other out, because the evidence indicates that people who have children are neither more or less happy than people without children. [12] Social activity Humans are social animals, and peoples interpersonal relations do appear to 55 contribute to their happiness. People who are satisfied with their friendship networks report aboveaverage levels of happiness. [13] Religion People with heartfelt religious convictions are more likely to be happier than people 60 who characterize themselves as non-religious. Third are the very important determinants including: [14] Love and marriage Romantic relationships can be stressful, but people consistently rate being 65 in love as one of the most critical ingredients of happiness. Although people complain a lot about their marriages, the evidence indicates that marital status is a key correlate of happiness. [15] Work Although less critical than love and 70 marriage, job satisfaction is strongly associated with happiness. [16] From the above analysis, we can see that many commonsense notions about happiness appear to be inaccurate. [8] Intelligence Intelligence is a highly valued trait in modern society, but there is no association found 40 between IQ scores and happiness. Educational attainment also appears to be unrelated to happiness. [9] Physical attractiveness Good-looking people enjoy a variety of advantages in comparisons to unattractive people, but the available data indicate 45 that the correlation between attractiveness and happiness is negligible. [10] Second are the somewhat important ones: [11] Health Good physical health would seem to be an essential requirement for happiness, but people 50 adapt to health problems. Good health may not, by itself, produce happiness, because people tend to take good health for granted.

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Part B Answer EITHER Section 1 (easier) OR Section 2 (more difficult) Section 1 Here are some stories about people when they have a lot of money, how do they deal with the money they have? Can the money they have make them happy? Read them carefully and answer questions 39-56 on pages 7 - 10 of your Question-Answer Book. (46 marks) Can money buy happiness? A. In 1971, Carol King struck it rich. She became the winner of what at that time was the largest lottery pool in Great Britain, totaling about 3 million (roughly $33 million Hong Kong dollars). Carol was very happy. She told anyone who would listen that she intended to spend her money. However, Carol had a difficult time coping with her new circumstances, and became increasingly estranged from her friends. Her old friends left her, fearing that people would 5 say they went about with her because she had money. Her life became a series of drinking and shopping sprees that, ultimately, made her penniless. Carol filed for bankruptcy and eventually wound up working as a stripper and drinking heavily. B. The American Jack Nicholson won $314 million in the Powerrich Lottery in 2000, and hoped to make a positive impact on society by starting a charitable foundation. Jacks granddaughter died of a drug overdose after he lavished money 10 on her, and he was sued by a gambling casino for bouncing checks. Two years later, Jack had two arrests for driving under the influence, had been the victim of multiple burglaries, was estranged from his wife, had been arrested for attack, and had to close down his foundation. His life was much more desperate than before. Jack did not seem to find happiness with his lottery win. C. There were two young couples in which both the wife and husband were professors in universities. One couple, called 15 the Johnsons, earned a combined income of $90,000 a year, and the other couple, the Thompsons, earned $200,000 a year. The Johnsons were quite satisfied with their income, and felt it was adequate to their wants and needs. However, the richer Thompsons, making more than twice the money of the first couple, constantly felt strapped for cash and frequently argued over finances. The problem is that the Thompsons want more expensive luxuries and experiences, and thus end up feeling poorer. D. 20 Have you heard about the fascinating story of John Robbins, the heir of Iva Robbins, the founder of the immensely successful ice-cream chain Baskin - Robbins. Rather than following in his fathers business footsteps or cashing in on his millions, John broke ranks and moved to a simple cabin in Canada. He became disillusioned with the dairy and beef industries and wrote an influential pro-environment book called Diet for a New America. In recent times, John has worked with his son, Ocean, to form a large environmental organization for youth, and a program to help wealthy 25 people use their money in meaningful ways. E. Bill Gates is the richest man in the world. Years ago he resigned from the post of being the chairman of Microsoft Corporation and dedicated his time to philanthropy. He founded the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and donated more than HK $24 billion to support charitable projects in the areas of global health and learning. The profits of his two books, Business@ the Speed of Thought and The Road Ahead, have been donated to charities that support the use 30 of technology in education. F. Can money buy happiness? The answer lies in how the money is used for selfish spending or altruistic giving. Money can be more than a crude material concern: it can be a vehicle for helping others and feeling good about youself.

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Section 2 Read the following poem and article and then answer questions 57-76 on pages 10-14 of the Question-Answer Book. (50 marks) Happy Carnival Folks come for the celebration. Carnival starts with congratulation. Festival, fun, and jubilation. Friends skip along in circulation! 5 Kids play balloons and booms. Watch out for whooshes and zooms. Clowns with red-nosed faces, playing catches and chases! Teddy bear girls and puppet show boys, 10 bringing lots of cheers and noise. Joyful dads are playing with toys, dancing mums in clown convoys! Coconut shies and skipping game. Monster masks with funny names. 15 Hide-and-seek and slapstick fun, cops and robbers on the run. Here come the poppers and streamers, along with pop song screamers. Magicians pick up sweets and cakes, 20 Puff! they become slimy trick snakes. Claps and hails for the limbo dancers, cheering rocking horse prancers. Musicians play banjos and cellos, Acrobats wear bells that jingle. 25 Parade under dazzling sunshine, artists perform musical mime. Lets join some pranksters play, leapfrog on a sun-drenched day. Everyone shows off a painted face, 30 dresses up as aliens from space. Joy and fun are commonplace, happy carnival for the human race.

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Who is Happy?
[1] Could money buy you happiness? Most would deny it. However, when a different question is asked Would a little more money make you a little happier? Many will nod yes. There is some connection between wealth and well-being. 5 When they are asked how satisfied they were with 13 aspects of their lives, including friends, house, and schooling, Americans expressed least satisfaction with the amount of money you have to live on. What would improve their quality of life? More money, was the most frequent response to a 10 University of Michigan national survey, and the more the better. In one Gallup Poll, one in two women, two in three men, and four in five people earning more than $75,000 reported they would like to be rich. Thus, the modern American dream seems to have become life, liberty, and the 15 purchase of happiness. Although most people realize that the seemingly happy lifestyles of the rich are beyond their reach, they do imagine the good life that they might have when they become rich. [2] A survey of nearly a quarter million university students 20 indicated that those agreeing that a very important reason for their going to college was to make more money rose from one in two in 1971 to three in four in 1998. The proportion who consider it very important that they become very well off financially rose from 39% in 1970 to 74% in 25 1998. Among 19 listed objectives, this was number one. It means that for todays young Americans, money matters. [3] Does being well off indeed produce happiness? Would people be happier if they could live a upper-class lifestyle? Would they be happier if they won lotteries? Whoever said money cant 30 buy happiness isnt spending it right, declares an ad. [4] There is some tendency for wealthy nations to have more happy people, for instance, the Swiss and Scandinavians are generally prosperous and satisfied. However, among nations with a gross national product of more than $8,000 per person, 35 the correlation between national wealth and well-being evaporates. [5] In poor countries such as India, where low income threatens basic human needs more often, being relatively well off does predict greater happiness. However, in affluent countries, 40 where most can afford lifes necessities, affluence matters surprisingly little. In the United States, Canada, and Europe, the correlation between income and personal happiness is virtually negligible. Happiness tends to be lower among the very poor. However, once when one reaches a comfortable 45 life, more money provides diminishing returns on happiness. In other words, people who go to work by bus are just as happy as those who drive to work in their own Benz. [6] Even very rich people are only slightly happier than the average American. Although they have more than enough 50 money to buy many things they dont need and hardly care about, 4 in 5 of the 49 super-rich people responding to a survey agreed that Money can increase OR decrease happiness, depending on how it is used. Some were indeed unhappy. One fabulously wealthy man called John could never 55 remember being happy. One woman named Mary reported that money could not lesson the misery caused by her childrens problems. [7] If enduring personal happiness generally does not rise with personal wealth, does collective happiness go upward with a 60 rising economy? Are Americans happier today than in 1940, when two out of five homes lacked a shower or bathtub, and 35% of homes had no toilet. Compared with 1957, todays Americans are part of the doubly affluent society, with double what money buy. Americans today own twice as many cars 65 per person, eat out more than twice as often, and often enjoy microwave ovens, big screen colour TVs, and home computers. So, believing that it is very important to be very well-off financially and having seen their affluence go upward little by little over four decades, are Americans now happier? 70 [8] They are not. The number of people reporting themselves very happy has, if anything, declined slightly between 1957 and 1998, from 35% to 33%: we are twice as rich and no happier. Meanwhile, the divorce rate doubled. Teen suicide tripled. Reported violent crime nearly quadrupled. Depression rates 75 have soared, especially among teens and young adults. Compared with their grandparents, todays young adults have grown up with much wealth, slightly less happiness, and much greater risk of depression and assorted social pathologies. The more people strive for money the more numerous their problems 80 and the less robust their happiness, added Richard Ryan. [9] Our human capacity for adaptation helps explain the above phenomenon. The influence of adaptation on happiness was identified by well-being researchers in the 1970s. It was suggested that most people experience hedonic neutrality 85 over the years, with only occasional spikes and valleys. That is, with the exception of a few potent events that temporarily raise and lower happiness, people tend to be relatively evenkeeled where happiness is concerned. Tough times bring us down and joyous occasions are uplifting, but we quickly adapt 90 to both. In a society in which everyone lived in 4,000-squarefoot houses, people would likely be no happier than in a society in which everyone lived in 2,000-square-foot houses. Thanks to our capacity to adapt to ever greater fame and fortune, yesterdays luxuries can soon become todays necessities and 95 tomorrows relics, added David Myers. [10] It is hard to avoid a startling conclusion: Our becoming much better off over the last four decades has not been accompanied by one iota of increased happiness. So far as happiness goes, economic growth has provided no apparent 100 boost to human happiness.

End of Reading Passage

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Model Answers for Sample

Part A 1. 2. 3. C

(Questions 1-38; 56 marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. (Any three points) 25. 26.

B see para.2 unconvincing disconnected constant benefits highly a. commonsense b. abound c. indeed d. promote D a. ascend above b. remain remarkably stable friendship / social activity, religion, love, marriage and work (in any order) It refers to the notion that money cannot buy happiness. age, gender, intelligence

4.

5. 6.

7. 8. 9.

10. A 11. B 12. C 13. C 14. a. People adapt to health problems. b. People take good health for granted. 15. a. A happy person has a network of friends. b. A happy person is religious. c. A happy person is being in love. d. A happy person is married. e. A happy person has a satisfactory job.

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16. It is reliable because it is the results of empirical analysis. (line 15) 17.
Factor Parenthood Areas of strength Areas of weakness

27.

a source of joy and ____________________________________ fulfillment ____________________________________ ____________________________________

a source of headaches and ____________________________________ hassles ____________________________________


____________________________________

28. 29.

Beauty

good-looking people enjoy ____________________________________ a variety of advantages ____________________________________ ____________________________________

30.
romantic relationships can ____________________________________ be stressful ____________________________________ ____________________________________

Love and Marriage

31.

18. A B C D E 19. A 20. F 21. J 22. I 23. B 24. D 25. L 26. H 27. C 28. G 29. K 30. contrary 31. reminder 32. boost 33. attention

32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51.

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34. associated 35. disappointed 36. change 37. materialistic 38. spiritual Part B Section 1 39. C 40. A 41. B 42. A F BT CX 43. sprees 44. a. coping with b. estranged c. penniless d. wound up 45. It means to find sudden wealth. 46. D 47. C 48. bankrupt spend 49. a. positive impact b. estranged from c. lavished 50. drink-driving attacking others 51. It means experiencing the effect of people or things 52. income, wants, life satisfaction 53. C (Questions 39-56; 46 marks)

52. 53. 54. 55. 56.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

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54. a. (i) form a large environmental organization for youth.

25.

(ii) form a program to help wealthy people use their money in meaningful ways. 26. b. (i) founded the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to support charitable projects in the area of global health and learning. (ii) donated the profits of his two books to support the use of technology in education. 55. E B D C A 56
Story Writers view of money and happiness General opinion expressed Supporting quote from the story

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

Change mentioned in the story

selfish spending would make ones life miserable. _________________________________

_________________________________ Negative Carol filed for bankruptcy.

Her life became a series _________________________________ of drinking and shopping _________________________________ sprees.

34. 35.

Sudden wealth may be _________________________________ a curse than a blessing. _________________________________ What makes one unhappy _________________________________ is his insatiable desire for _________________________________ more wants. negative _________________________________

John did not seem to _________________________________ His life was much more find happiness with desperate than before. _________________________________ his lottery win.
The Thompsons want more expensive luxuries and experiences. They end up feeling poorer.

36. 37. 38.

_________________________________

negative

39. 40.

Happiness comes when you know how to use the money you positive _________________________________ have altruistically.

John has worked with He broke ranks and his son ...... meaningful moved to a small cabin _________________________________ _________________________________ 41. 42. 43. in Canada. ways.
_________________________________ _________________________________ He dedicated his time to He resigned from the post _________________________________ philanthropy.

Altruistic giving can make _________________________________ one happier. _________________________________ _________________________________ positive

of being the chairman of _________________________________ Microsoft Corporation.

44. 45. 46.

Part B Section 2

(Question 57-76; 50 marks)

57. Any five of the following: Clowns ; puppetteers ; pop song singers ; magicians ; limbo dancers ; horse prancers ; musicians ; acrobats ; artists 58. Clowns play with the people they play catches and chases with them. 59. Any three of the following: . They skip in circle. . They play balloons and booms. . They play with toys. . They dance. . They play games. . They paint their faces. . They dress weirdly.

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

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60. A 61. Stanza l and 8 62. It means great joy. 63. a. watch out b. commonplace c. show off 64. puff 65. cheers, noise, claps, hails, singing, music, jingle. (any four) 66. They paint their face and dress like aliens from space. 67. Any two of the following: . coconut shies . leapfrog game . skipping games . hide and seek . cops and robbers 68. a. This poem is about social activity. b. And social activity is found to be a factor that can promote happiness. 69.
$ 20000 $ 18000 $ 16000 $ 14000 $ 12000 $ 10000 $ 8000 + $ 6000 $ 4000 $ 2000 $0 30% 20% 10% 0% 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40%

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

17. 18.

19. 20.

21. 22.

70. B 71. It should be life, liberty and happiness. 72. ceases to exist happy steady

23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

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73.

PRONOUN it they

PARAGRAPH / LINE Para 2 / Line 23

REFERENCE they become very well off financially. It refers to ______________________________ _______________________________________ the very rich people. It refers to ______________________________ _______________________________________

28.

Para 6 / Line 49

29.

74.

Para 1 / line15-18 Although it is impossible to reach the happy lifestyles of the rich, most people still imagine that they might have the chance to live the good life of the rich. Para 2 / line 19-26 A survey result indicated that many university students consider becoming very matters well off financially as very important. Obviously, in their mind, what _________ is money. threatened Para 5 / line 37-39 When the basic human needs of the very poor people are _________ , more money does promote their happiness. Para 7 / line 62-64 The American society is now twice as rich when compared with 1957, and the double things people can buy have been _________ . accompany Para 10 / line 97-100 Contrary to popular belief, it is found that increased happiness does not _________ escalating wealth.

30. 31. 32. 33.

75. It means achieving less although spending more efforts. This concept applies to money and happiness as the more money one gets, the less happy he will become. 76.
Most likely Speaker Supported sentence / phrase

34. 35. 36.

A B

Mary
John

Mary reported that money could not lesson the misery ...... problems.
John could never remember being happy.

37. 38.

C D

David Myers An ad

Thanks to our capacity to adapt to ever greater ...... fortune. whoever said money cant buy happiness ...... right The more people strive for money ...... their happiness. Magicians pick up sweets and cakes ...... snakes. Artists perform musical mime. claps and hails for the limbo dancers.

39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

E F

Richard Ryran

Magicians Artists Limbo dancers

G H

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Location of the answers


Part A - This is the compulsory part. Answer all questions in this part. Read the following passage and then answer questions 1-38 on pages 2 - 6 of the Question-Answer Book. (56 marks)

The Determinants of Happiness


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[1] What exactly makes a person happy? This question has been the subject of much speculation. 4a Commonsense hypotheses about the roots of 4b happiness abound. For example, you have no doubt 8 5 heard that money cannot buy happiness. But do you believe it? A television commercial says, If youve got your health, youve got just about everything. 4c Is health indeed the key? What if youre healthy but poor, unemployed, and lonely? We often hear about 10 the joys of parenthood, the joys of youth, and the joys of a simple, rural life. Are these the factors that 4d promote happiness? [2] In recent years, social scientists have begun studying what factors are related or unrelated to 16 15 happiness. Below are the results of empirical analysis of the determinants of happiness: [3] First are the unimportant ones: [4] Money There is a positive correlation between income and happiness, but the association is 3 20 surprisingly weak. Admittedly, being very poor can 6 make people unhappy, but once people ascend above the poverty level, there is little relation between income and happiness. [5] Age Age and happiness are consistently found 25 to be unrelated. Age accounts for less than 1 percent of the variation in peoples happiness. In short, 6 peoples average level of happiness tends to remain 3 remarkably stable over the life span.
9 9 3 2

[8] Intelligence Intelligence is a highly valued trait in modern society, but there is no association found 40 between IQ scores and happiness. Educational attainment also appears to be unrelated to happiness.
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[9] Physical attractiveness Good-looking people 3 enjoy a variety of advantages in comparisons to unattractive people, but the available data indicate 3 45 that the correlation between attractiveness and happiness is negligible. [10] Second are the somewhat important ones: [11] Health Good physical health would seem to 14a be an essential requirement for happiness, but people 50 adapt to health problems. Good health may not, by itself, produce happiness, because people tend to take good health for granted.14b [12] Social activity Humans are social animals, and peoples interpersonal relations do appear to 55 contribute to their happiness. People who are 7 satisfied with their friendship networks report aboveaverage levels of happiness.
7 7

5/15

[13] Religion People with heartfelt religious convictions are more likely to be happier than people 60 who characterize themselves as non-religious. Third are the very important determinants including:
7 17

15

[6] Gender Like age, gender accounts for less than 30 1 percent of the variation in peoples happiness.
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[7] Parenthood Children can be a tremendous source of joy and fulfillment, but they can also be a 17 tremendous source of headaches and hassles. Apparently, the good and bad aspects of parenthood 35 balance each other out, because the evidence indicates that people who have children are neither more or less happy than people without children.

[14] Love and marriage Romantic relationships can be stressful, but people consistently rate being 15 in love as one of the most critical ingredients of 65 happiness. Although people complain a lot about 15 their marriages, the evidence indicates that marital status is a key correlate of happiness.
7

[15] Work Although less critical than love and marriage, job satisfaction is strongly associated with 70 happiness. 15 [16] From the above analysis, we can see that many commonsense notions about happiness appear to be inaccurate.

Note - free answer for the following questions 1, 10, 12, 13, 18, 19-29, 30-38

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Part B Answer EITHER Section 1 (easier) OR Section 2 (more difficult) Section 1 Here are some stories about people when they have a lot of money, how do they deal with the money they have? Can the money they have make them happy? Read them carefully and answer questions 39-56 on pages 7 - 10 of your Question-Answer Book. (46 marks) Can money buy happiness? A. 45 40 39 In 1971, Carol King struck it rich. She became the winner of what at that time was the largest lottery pool in Great Britain, totaling about 3 million (roughly $33 million Hong Kong dollars). Carol was very happy. She told anyone 44a 48 who would listen that she intended to spend her money. However, Carol had a difficult time coping with her new 42a 44b circumstances, and became increasingly estranged from her friends. Her old friends left her, fearing that people would 43 5 say they went about with her because she had money. Her life became a series of drinking and shopping sprees that, 42b ultimately, made her penniless. Carol filed for bankruptcy and eventually wound up working as a stripper and drinking 48 44d 44c heavily. B. 49 49a 39 The American Jack Nicholson won $314 million in the Powerrich Lottery in 2000, and hoped to make a positive impact 49c on society by starting a charitable foundation. Jacks granddaughter died of a drug overdose after he lavished money 50 10 on her, and he was sued by a gambling casino for bouncing checks. Two years later, Jack had two arrests for driving 49b under the influence, had been the victim of multiple burglaries, was estranged from his wife, had been arrested for50 attack, and had to close down his foundation. His life was much more desperate than before. Jack did not seem to find happiness with his lottery win. C. There were two young couples in which both the wife and husband were professors in universities. One couple, called 39 39 15 the Johnsons, earned a combined income of $90,000 a year, and the other couple, the Thompsons, earned $200,000 a 52 52 year. The Johnsons were quite satisfied with their income, and felt it was adequate to their wants and needs. However, 52 the richer Thompsons, making more than twice the money of the first couple, constantly felt strapped for cash and 52 52 frequently argued over finances. The problem is that the Thompsons want more expensive luxuries and experiences, and thus end up feeling poorer. D. 39 20 Have you heard about the fascinating story of John Robbins, the heir of Iva Robbins, the founder of the immensely successful ice-cream chain Baskin - Robbins. Rather than following in his fathers business footsteps or cashing in on 40 his millions, John broke ranks and moved to a simple cabin in Canada. He became disillusioned with the dairy and beef industries and wrote an influential pro-environment book called Diet for a New America. In recent times, John has worked with his son, Ocean, to form a large environmental organization for youth, and a program to help wealthy 54a 54a 25 people use their money in meaningful ways. E. 40 39 Bill Gates is the richest man in the world. Years ago he resigned from the post of being the chairman of Microsoft 54b Corporation and dedicated his time to philanthropy. He founded the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and donated more than HK $24 billion to support charitable projects in the areas of global health and learning. The profits of his two books, Business@ the Speed of Thought and The Road Ahead, have been donated to charities that support the use 54b 30 of technology in education. F. 41 Can money buy happiness? The answer lies in how the money is used for selfish spending or altruistic giving. Money can be more than a crude material concern: it can be a vehicle for helping others and feeling good about youself.

Note - free answer for the following questions: 46, 47, 51, 53, 55, 56.

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Section 2 Read the following poem and article and then answer questions 57-76 on pages 10-14 of the Question-Answer Book. (50 marks) Happy Carnival Folks come for the celebration, carnival starts with congratulation. Festival, fun, and jubilation,
59 61

friends skip along in circulation! 5 Kids play balloons and booms, 63a watch out for whooshes and zooms.
57 Clowns 59

with red-nosed faces,

58

playing catches and chases! Teddy bear girls and puppet show boys, 10 bringing lots of cheers and noise.
59 65 59

Joyful dads are playing with toys,

dancing mums in clown convoys!


67

Coconut shies and skipping game, monster masks with funny names. 15 Hide-and-seek and slapstick fun, cops and robbers on the run.
67 67

67

Here come the poppers and streamers, 57 along with pop song screamers.65
57

Magicians pick up sweets and cakes,


65

76F

20

64

Puff! they become slimy trick snakes. Claps and hails for the limbo dancers, cheering rocking horse prancers. Acrobats wear bells that jingle.
65 57 65 57

76h 57 57

Musicians play banjos and cellos,

25

Parade under dazzling sunshine, artists perform musical mime.76G Lets join some pranksters play, leapfrog on a sun-drenched day. Everyone shows off a painted face,
63c 59 66 61 61 67 57

30

59 66

dresses up as aliens from space. 63b Joy and fun are commonplace, happy carnival for the human race.

Note - free answer for the following questions: 60, 62, 68. 28

Who is Happy?
[1] Could money buy you happiness? Most would deny it. However, when a different question is asked Would a little more money make you a little happier? Many will nod yes. There is some connection between wealth and well-being. 5 When they are asked how satisfied they were with 13 aspects of their lives, including friends, house, and schooling, 70 Americans expressed least satisfaction with the amount of money you have to live on. What would improve their quality of life? More money, was the most frequent response to a 10 University of Michigan national survey, and the more the better. In one Gallup Poll, one in two women, two in three men, and four in five people earning more than $75,000 reported they would like to be rich. Thus, the modern American dream seems to have become life, liberty, and the 71 15 purchase of happiness. Although most people realize that the seemingly happy lifestyles of the rich are beyond their reach, they do imagine the good life that they might have when they become rich. [2] A survey of nearly a quarter million university students 20 indicated that those agreeing that a very important reason for their going to college was to make more money rose from one in two in 1971 to three in four in 1998. The proportion who consider it very important that they become 73 very well off financially rose from 39% in 1970 to 74% in 25 1998. Among 19 listed objectives, this was number one. It means that for todays young Americans, money matters.74 [3] Does being well off indeed produce happiness? Would people be happier if they could live a upper-class lifestyle? Would they be happier if they won lotteries? Whoever said money cant 30 buy happiness isnt spending it right, declares an ad. 76D [4] There is some tendency for wealthy nations to have more happy people, for instance, the Swiss and Scandinavians are generally prosperous and satisfied. However, among nations with a gross national product of more than $8,000 per person, 35 the correlation between national wealth and well-being evaporates. [5] In poor countries such as India, where low income threatens basic human needs more often, being relatively well off does predict greater happiness. However, in affluent countries, 40 where most can afford lifes necessities, affluence matters surprisingly little. In the United States, Canada, and Europe, the correlation between income and personal happiness is virtually negligible. Happiness tends to be lower among the very poor. However, once when one reaches a comfortable 45 life, more money provides diminishing returns on happiness. In other words, people who go to work by bus are just as happy as those who drive to work in their own Benz. [6] Even very rich people are only slightly happier than the average American. Although they have more than enough 50 money to buy many things they dont need and hardly care
70 73 74

about, 4 in 5 of the 49 super-rich people responding to a survey agreed that Money can increase OR decrease happiness, depending on how it is used. Some were indeed unhappy. 76B One fabulously wealthy man called John could never 55 remember being happy. One woman named Mary reported 76A that money could not lesson the misery caused by her childrens problems. [7] If enduring personal happiness generally does not rise with personal wealth, does collective happiness go upward with a 70 60 rising economy? Are Americans happier today than in 1940, when two out of five homes lacked a shower or bathtub, and 35% of homes had no toilet. Compared with 1957, todays 74 70 Americans are part of the doubly affluent society, with double 70 what money buy. Americans today own twice as many cars 65 per person, eat out more than twice as often, and often enjoy microwave ovens, big screen colour TVs, and home computers. So, believing that it is very important to be very well-off financially and having seen their affluence go upward little 70 by little over four decades, are Americans now happier? 70 [8] They are not. The number of people reporting themselves very happy has, if anything, declined slightly between 1957 and 1998, from 35% to 33%: we are twice as rich and no happier. Meanwhile, the divorce rate doubled. Teen suicide tripled. Reported violent crime nearly quadrupled. Depression rates have 75 soared, especially among teens and young adults. Compared with their grandparents, todays young adults have grown up with much wealth, slightly less happiness, and much greater risk of depression and assorted social pathologies. The more 76E people strive for money the more numerous their problems and 80 the less robust their happiness, added Richard Ryan. [9] Our human capacity for adaptation helps explain the above phenomenon. The influence of adaptation on happiness was identified by well-being researchers in the 1970s. It was suggested that most people experience hedonic neutrality 85 over the years, with only occasional spikes and valleys. That is, with the exception of a few potent events that temporarily raise and lower happiness, people tend to be relatively evenkeeled where happiness is concerned. Tough times bring us down and joyous occasions are uplifting, but we quickly adapt 90 to both. In a society in which everyone lived in 4,000-squarefoot houses, people would likely be no happier than in a society in which everyone lived in 2,000-square-foot houses. Thanks 76C to our capacity to adapt to ever greater fame and fortune, yesterdays luxuries can soon become todays necessities and 95 tomorrows relics, added David Myers. [10] It is hard to avoid a startling conclusion: Our becoming much better off over the last four decades has not been 74 accompanied by one iota of increased happiness. So far as happiness goes, economic growth has provided no apparent 100 boost to human happiness.

Note - free answer for the following questions: 69, 72, 75. 29

DEVELOPING LISTENING SKILLS PRACTICE FOR HKDSE ENGLISH LANGUAGE PAPER 3 (Focus on skills required for Part A and Part B)
This Developing Listening Skills Practice for HKDSE English Language Paper 3 (Focus on Skills Required for Part A and Part B) is specially designed to prepare students of S4 to S6 familiarize with essential skills they will need to score highest mark in the HKDSE English Language Paper 3.

Features of the book


It is based on the latest HKDSE exam format. It comprises 40 exercises. Comprehensive and consolidate practice of various essential listening skills required in Paper 3 part A. Design based on the latest HKDSE exam format. Five audio CDs are included (all listening materials are recorded by native speakers). Detachable detailed answers and tapescript book is provided. Locations of answers to each question are clearly marked on tapescript for easy reference.

Features of the book


It is based on the latest HKDSE exam format. It comprises 30 exercises with 90 tasks. It covers a variety of situations. It consists of a variety of written forms such as article, report, table, letter, email and blog entry. Complete answers with areas of content are provided. Locations of answers to each task are clearly marked on both tapescript and Data File for easy reference. Three audio CDs are included (all listening materials are recorded by native speakers). Detachable detailed answers and tapescript book are provided for easy reference.

ELITES NSS EXAM 5-STAR SERIES


ELITES NSS EXAM 5-STAR SERIES HKDSE English Language Paper 3 Listening and Integrated Skills (Vol. 1 & Vol. 2)

ELITES NSS EXAM 5-STAR SERIES is written according to the new Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE) exam format. It is specially designed to help senior secondary student to master the skills they need to achieve success in the HKDSE English Exam.

Features of the book


ELITES NSS EXAM 5-STAR SERIES HKDSE English Language Paper 3 Listening and Integrated Skills comprises two volumes (Vol. 1 & Vol. 2). Each volume consists of six mock papers based on the format of the new HKDSE English Language examination to help senior students practise more effectively for the HKDSE. Each mock paper is specially designed to prepare students of S4 to S6 to familiarize with essential listening skills they need to score highest mark in the HKDSE English Language Paper 3. 6 audio CDs are provided. All listening materials are recorded by native speakers. Detachable detailed answers and tapescript book is provided. Location of answers to each question are clearly marked on tapescript for easy reference.