Anda di halaman 1dari 14

Now we have two whole and eleven parts out of twelve parts shaded.

We write
it as 2 11
12
2 1 11
Therefore, 1 3 + 1 4 = 2 12

Strategy 2

Add the whole numbers and the fraction separately.


Numbers Fractions

2 2
1 1
3 3
1 1
1 1 4
4
* To add fractions with
2 1 different denominators, we
1+1 3
+ 4 need to change the fractions
* to its equivalent fraction that
2X4 1X3 have the same denominators
2 +
3X4 4X3

2 8 3
12
+ 12 11
The answer is 2
11 12
2
12

51

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 51 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Step 2

Subtraction of fraction with different denominators.

Find the different between 2 2 and 1 1 .


3 2
Strategy 1

Use diagram

3 horizontal columns

2 subtracting
vertical
columns

The instructions of subtraction:

i) For whole numbers ;

* Cross out one of two wholes. (2 — 1 = 1). We have one whole left.

ii) For fractions;

* If the fraction figure is in a horizontal column, then we must draw the


subtracting column vertically across. Now we have 6 equal parts
altogether.

* To subtract 1 of 6 equal parts, we have to cross out 3 equal parts of


2
the shaded parts.
1
Now we have one whole and one over six parts left. We write it as 1 .
6
2 1 1
Therefore, 2 -1 =1
3 2 6

52

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 52 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Strategy 2

Numbers Fractions

2 2
2 2
3 3
1 1
1 1 2
2
* To subtract fractions with
2 1 different denominators, we
2-1 3
- 2 need to change the fractions
to its equivalent fraction that
1 2X2 1X3
* - have the same denominators
3X2 2X3

1 4 3
6
- 6 1
The answer is 1 .
1 6
1
6

53

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 53 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Exercise 1

Name : ________________________ Class : ________ Date : ________

Solve these problems.

1 1
1. Add 1 and 2 .
3 4

3 1
2. Find the sum of 2 and 1 .
4 2

1
3. What is the total of 2 and 4 1 .
3 2

1 1
4. Subtract 1 from 4 .
6 2

5. What is the difference between


2 1
1 and 4 ?
5 2

54

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 54 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Lesson : 12

Topic : Fractions

Learning area : Multiplication of fractions

Learning objective : Multiply any proper fractions with a whole number up


to 1000

Learning outcomes : i. Multiply whole numbers with proper fractions

ii. Solve problems involving multiplication of


fractions

Previous knowledge : Pupils have learnt multiplication with the highest


product of 100 000

Problem : Pupils are not able to multiply whole numbers with


proper fractions

Vocabulary : Simplest form, fractions, denominator, numerator,


divisible, whole number, proper fractions

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

Example 1:
1
Find of 8 pencils.
2

1 1
x 8 = =4
2 2
4
or 1 x 8 = 4
2
1

55

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 55 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Example 2:

Prepare 6 glasses. Fill each glass with half-full of water.

How many glasses of water are there in 6 half-full glasses of water?

1
Six halves 6x =
2

Using repeated addition


1 1 1 1 1 1
+ + + + + =3
2 2 2 2 2 2

Using multiplication
1 6
6x = = 3
2 2

or
3
1
6x = 3
2
1

56

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 56 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Example 3:
1
Find of 10.
5

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1 1 1 1 1
5 5 5 5 5

0 2 4 6 8 10

1 10
x 10 = = 2
5 5
2
1
or x 10 = 2
5
1

Example 4:
1
Find x 45
5
97
1 45
x 45 = =9 5 645
3
5 5
45
9
1
or x 45 = 9
5
1

Example 5:
3
Find x 568.
8 7
213
3
x 568 = 1 704 = 213 8 613704
8 8
16
10
71 8
3
or x 568 = 213
8 24
1 24

57

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 57 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Exercise 1

Name : ________________________ Class : ________ Date : ________

Solve

1
1. of 10
2

1
2. x 69 =
3

1
3. x 85 =
5

4. 1 x 426 =
6

5. 63 x 5 =
9

6. 3 x 568 =
4

7. 7 x 270 =
10

58

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 58 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Lesson : 13

Topic : Decimals

Learning area : Decimal Numbers

Learning objective : Understand and use the vocabulary related to


decimals

Learning outcome : Convert fractions of thousandths to decimal numbers


and vice versa

Previous knowledge : Pupils are able to add, subtract, multiply and divide
any two to four decimal numbers of two decimal
places.

Problem : Pupils are not able to convert fractions of thousandths


to decimal numbers and vice versa

Vocabulary : Decimals, place value chart, thousandths, thousand


square, decimal point, decimal place, decimal fraction,
mixed decimal, convert

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

Step 1

The teacher models the concept of decimal numbers using thousand squares.

Eg. :

7
1000

We can also write as 0.007. We say it as seven thousandths.

59

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 59 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM


Example 2:

Using number lines.

50
11000
000

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000

We can also write as 0.050. We say it as fifty thousandths.

Example 3:

Convert fractions of thousandths to decimal numbers.

Convert 50 to decimal numbers.


1000
1 000

1. Always write the fractions aligned right.

50 50
11000
000 11000
000
2. Draw a vertical line between 1 and 0 (thousands).
50
1000
3. Draw a dot on the line. 50
1000

4. Rewrite in decimal form with a zero in front of the decimal point.

50
1000
0.05

=0.05

60

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 60 23/04/2007, 6:46 PM


Example 4:

Convert decimal numbers to fractions using place value chart.

i) Convert 0.302 to fractions.

tens ones . tenths hundredths thousandths


_____ _____ _____
10 100 1 000
0 3 0 2

Decimal
302
The answer is three hundred and two thousandths. 1 000

ii) Convert 0.008 to fractions.

tens ones . tenths hundredths thousandths


_____ _____ _____
10 100 1 000
0 0 0 8

Decimal
008
1 000

The answer is eight over one thousand / eight one thousandths.

61

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 61 23/04/2007, 6:46 PM


Exercise 1

Name : ________________________ Class : ________ Date : ________

A. Write the fractions of the shaded parts and convert to decimals.

1.
Fractions Decimals

2. Fractions Decimals

B. Convert the following fractions to decimals.

1. 5 3. 103
= =
1 000 1 000

9 295
2. = 4. =
1 000 1 000

C. Convert the following decimals to fractions.

1. 0.006 = 3. 0.231 =

2. 0.012 = 4. 0.534 =

62

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 62 23/04/2007, 6:46 PM


D. Answer these questions

1. Convert nine hundred and thirty-eight thousandths


to decimals.
34
2. Express as decimals
1 000
3. Change thirty thousandths to decimals
9
4. Convert to decimals
1 000
5. Convert 0.006 to fractions

6. Express 0.978 as fraction

63

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 63 23/04/2007, 6:46 PM


Lesson : 14

Topic : Decimals

Learning area : Decimal Numbers

Learning objective : Understand and use the vocabularies related to


decimals

Learning outcome : Round off decimal numbers to the nearest


a) tenths
b) hundredths

Previous knowledge : Pupils are able to solve basic operations involving


decimals. (Any two to four decimal numbers of two
decimal places)

Problem : Pupils are not able to round off decimal numbers to


the nearest tenths or hundredths

Vocabulary : Round off, nearest tenths, nearest hundredths,


rounding digits, place value

64

05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 64 23/04/2007, 6:46 PM