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# Now we have two whole and eleven parts out of twelve parts shaded.

We write
it as 2 11
12
2 1 11
Therefore, 1 3 + 1 4 = 2 12

Strategy 2

## Add the whole numbers and the fraction separately.

Numbers Fractions

2 2
1 1
3 3
1 1
1 1 4
4
* To add fractions with
2 1 different denominators, we
1+1 3
+ 4 need to change the fractions
* to its equivalent fraction that
2X4 1X3 have the same denominators
2 +
3X4 4X3

2 8 3
12
+ 12 11
The answer is 2
11 12
2
12

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Step 2

## Find the different between 2 2 and 1 1 .

3 2
Strategy 1

Use diagram

3 horizontal columns

2 subtracting
vertical
columns

## i) For whole numbers ;

* Cross out one of two wholes. (2 — 1 = 1). We have one whole left.

## * If the fraction figure is in a horizontal column, then we must draw the

subtracting column vertically across. Now we have 6 equal parts
altogether.

## * To subtract 1 of 6 equal parts, we have to cross out 3 equal parts of

2
1
Now we have one whole and one over six parts left. We write it as 1 .
6
2 1 1
Therefore, 2 -1 =1
3 2 6

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## 05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 52 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM

Strategy 2

Numbers Fractions

2 2
2 2
3 3
1 1
1 1 2
2
* To subtract fractions with
2 1 different denominators, we
2-1 3
- 2 need to change the fractions
to its equivalent fraction that
1 2X2 1X3
* - have the same denominators
3X2 2X3

1 4 3
6
- 6 1
The answer is 1 .
1 6
1
6

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Exercise 1

## Solve these problems.

1 1
1. Add 1 and 2 .
3 4

3 1
2. Find the sum of 2 and 1 .
4 2

1
3. What is the total of 2 and 4 1 .
3 2

1 1
4. Subtract 1 from 4 .
6 2

2 1
1 and 4 ?
5 2

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## 05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 54 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM

Lesson : 12

Topic : Fractions

to 1000

fractions

## Previous knowledge : Pupils have learnt multiplication with the highest

product of 100 000

proper fractions

## Vocabulary : Simplest form, fractions, denominator, numerator,

divisible, whole number, proper fractions

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

Example 1:
1
Find of 8 pencils.
2

1 1
x 8 = =4
2 2
4
or 1 x 8 = 4
2
1

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Example 2:

1
Six halves 6x =
2

## Using repeated addition

1 1 1 1 1 1
+ + + + + =3
2 2 2 2 2 2

Using multiplication
1 6
6x = = 3
2 2

or
3
1
6x = 3
2
1

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## 05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 56 23/04/2007, 6:45 PM

Example 3:
1
Find of 10.
5

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

1 1 1 1 1
5 5 5 5 5

0 2 4 6 8 10

1 10
x 10 = = 2
5 5
2
1
or x 10 = 2
5
1

Example 4:
1
Find x 45
5
97
1 45
x 45 = =9 5 645
3
5 5
45
9
1
or x 45 = 9
5
1

Example 5:
3
Find x 568.
8 7
213
3
x 568 = 1 704 = 213 8 613704
8 8
16
10
71 8
3
or x 568 = 213
8 24
1 24

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Exercise 1

Solve

1
1. of 10
2

1
2. x 69 =
3

1
3. x 85 =
5

4. 1 x 426 =
6

5. 63 x 5 =
9

6. 3 x 568 =
4

7. 7 x 270 =
10

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Lesson : 13

Topic : Decimals

decimals

## Learning outcome : Convert fractions of thousandths to decimal numbers

and vice versa

Previous knowledge : Pupils are able to add, subtract, multiply and divide
any two to four decimal numbers of two decimal
places.

## Problem : Pupils are not able to convert fractions of thousandths

to decimal numbers and vice versa

## Vocabulary : Decimals, place value chart, thousandths, thousand

square, decimal point, decimal place, decimal fraction,
mixed decimal, convert

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

Step 1

The teacher models the concept of decimal numbers using thousand squares.

Eg. :

7
1000

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Example 2:

## Using number lines.

50
11000
000

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000 11000
000

Example 3:

1000
1 000

## 1. Always write the fractions aligned right.

50 50
11000
000 11000
000
2. Draw a vertical line between 1 and 0 (thousands).
50
1000
3. Draw a dot on the line. 50
1000

50
1000
0.05

=0.05

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Example 4:

## tens ones . tenths hundredths thousandths

_____ _____ _____
10 100 1 000
0 3 0 2

Decimal
302
The answer is three hundred and two thousandths. 1 000

## tens ones . tenths hundredths thousandths

_____ _____ _____
10 100 1 000
0 0 0 8

Decimal
008
1 000

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Exercise 1

## A. Write the fractions of the shaded parts and convert to decimals.

1.
Fractions Decimals

2. Fractions Decimals

1. 5 3. 103
= =
1 000 1 000

9 295
2. = 4. =
1 000 1 000

## C. Convert the following decimals to fractions.

1. 0.006 = 3. 0.231 =

2. 0.012 = 4. 0.534 =

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## 05modul matematik (SBT) 51-64 62 23/04/2007, 6:46 PM

D. Answer these questions

## 1. Convert nine hundred and thirty-eight thousandths

to decimals.
34
2. Express as decimals
1 000
3. Change thirty thousandths to decimals
9
4. Convert to decimals
1 000
5. Convert 0.006 to fractions

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Lesson : 14

Topic : Decimals

decimals

a) tenths
b) hundredths

## Previous knowledge : Pupils are able to solve basic operations involving

decimals. (Any two to four decimal numbers of two
decimal places)

## Problem : Pupils are not able to round off decimal numbers to

the nearest tenths or hundredths

## Vocabulary : Round off, nearest tenths, nearest hundredths,

rounding digits, place value

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