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Morgan Krupinski AP United States History

Mr. Robson Chapter 9 Outline

IX: The Quest for a Republican Society


A: Democratic Republicanism Q: How did the United States live a republican society following the early years of independence? 1 Though many were accustomed to a limited role in politics and were led by an elite, the US moved for towards the republican ideas of political freedom and social mobility. 2 Free men had the right of social mobility. This allowed people in the United States to increase their standard of living. This was a idea that soon becoming more embraced in Europe as well. 3 By 1810, the right to vote was soon extended to all free white men. State legislatures also gave the right to vote to taxpayers. 4 Many Americans rejected the more conservative Federalist approach to suffrage and argued for more equal suffrage for white males instead of a aristocracy. 5 As power grew for the lower middle class white population however, the rights of blacks and women were largely ignored. B: Toward a Republican Marriage System 1 As the ideas of freedom spread, more and more married who ever they want rather than basing it on economic or social reasons. (sentimentalism) 2 Sentimentalism was inherited from Europe during the romance period. It celebrated the importance of feelings and emotions. 3 Patriarchal marriages soon evolved into paternal as parents carried more for the well being of their children. 4 The companionate marriage were give wives more power and equality in their relationships. 5 The rate of new children also dropped due to the fact that women were not having 6 to 8 children anymore in the North, 6 This decline was in part because many parents wanted their children to have a better life than they did and had fewer kids so they can support them better. 7 When the parents had died, new ideas allowed for the equal split or a division of the parents own wishing for their child's inheritance. 8 Locally funded public schools were also becoming more and more available for children. 9 Most children were working by their teenage years and only a select grop of kids went to secondary schools and colleges. 10 The first Webster's Dictionary of the English Language was also first published around this time (1798) 11 There would be no major works of American literature until the early 1830s. C: Aristocratic Republicanism and Slaver 1780-1820 Q: How did slavery help create the early divison of sectionalism between the north and the south? 1 The greatest differences in America were the cultures of the different regions 2 New England was more religious and better educated while the south was poorer, less educated, and owned almost all of the slave population in the US. 3 The Constitution allowed for the import of new slaves until 1807 and allowed the states to determine if slavery would be legal in their state or not

Morgan Krupinski AP United States History

Mr. Robson Chapter 9 Outline

4 The efforts of The American Colonization Society were a failure as they were only able to free a few hundred slaves 5 The growing plantation and farming industry did not allow for a general emancipation of slaves. 6 Many wealthy plantation owners had huge political power in the south as well and commanded many aspects of southern state policy. 7 African Americans banded together during this time and did for m a rural culture. Many slaves soon forgot their native language and learned the black English of the Chesapeake. 8 Slaves were not allowed to legally be married but married anyway. 9 Slaves were not directly supervised but had to perform their daily task each day. 10 In the industrial north, freed blacks worked menial jobs and were mostly second class citizens while rural blacks worked as day laborers. It was seldom that blacks owned land at this time. 11 Vermont and Maine were the only new states that allowed blacks to vote 12 Free blacks in the north also helped salves in the south escape to the north. D: The Missouri Compromise 1 The Congress would not allow Missouri into the Union if they hadimportation of slaves. 2 After two years of back and forth fighting over states' rights, speaker of the House Henry Clay devised of a plan called the Missouri Compromise. It admitted Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state. 3 It also prohibited slavery north of the Missouri Border in the Louisiana Purchase territory. E: Protestant Christianity as a Social Force Q: How did the call for a renewal of Christian believes effect the US? 1 The Second Great Awakening was different than the first as this one called for more social and political reform. 2 More people turned to Episcopal and Catholic churches during this time 3 Baptists and other soon revitalized New England and a large Baptist population started to appear in the New England region. 4 The Second Great Awakening led to the growth of the black population that were part of a church. More democratic style churches were rapidly expanding at this time 5 This awakening helped to unite the Protestants rather than split them as the First Awakening did. 6 Women were also given a greater amount of responsibility and feelings of selfworth in the church during this time.