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Confidential --- Planman

Typesetting
Rule and Regulations
A Book for Typesetting Professionals
Deepak Aggarwal
Compiled by
Compiled by deepakaggarwal III
Confidential --- Planman
Contents
1. tYPesettInG 1
overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
ProjectRowData. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
ProjectsupportedInformation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
standardsofClient. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
taskintheBook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Direct Task 6
Supporting Task 6
WorkProcedureforeachtask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Analysis 7
WorkfowCHARt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Art Workfow 9
Keying Workfow 9
Coding Workfow 9
Setup Workfow 10
Paging Workfow 10
CheckListsforProduction(typesetter) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Setup Checklist 11
Coding Checklist 12
Galley Checklist 12
Paging Checklist 12
Uploading Checklist 12
otherReports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Quality Analyse Sheet (QAS) 13
Job Tracking Sheet (JTS) 14
Project Detail Sheet (PDS) 14
Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
output/Uploadingstuff. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2. eLementsofBook 19
overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
frontmatter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
mainBodymatter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Backmatter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3. tYPesettInGRULes 23
overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
typography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Character. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
typefonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
typefaceandtypestyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Leading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
IV typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Planman
GreekCharacters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
specialCharacters(embellishing). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
mathintypesetting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Equations 27
Fractions 27
Superscripts and Subscripts 28
Frances 28
Integral, Summation, Product and Union Symbols 28
Matrix and Determinatnts 28
Ellipses 29
Radicals (Root Sign) 29
Text and Math Slash 29
standardmeasurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
AlignmentandIndent. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Alignment 30
Indent 31
typesoferror. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Printer/typesettererrors(Pe). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
4. PRoofReADInGAnDPAGInGRULes 33
overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Proofreading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
InternationalProofReadingsymbolChart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
InternationalCopyeditingsymbolChart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
BadBreaks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Common Bad Breaks (avoid) 39
Paging Bad Breaks 40
CheckListsforProduction(Proofreader). . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Galley Proofng Checklist 41
Page Makup Proofng (PMP) Checklist 41
QC Checklist 41
Revision/Revise Checklist 41
sameLookingCharacter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
5. fontmAnAGement 43
overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
WhichfontsarenecessarytomacosX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Required System Fonts for Mac OS X v104 (Tiger) 45
Required International Fonts 45
manuallycleaningupyoursystemfontandApplicationfontfolders 46
To Manually clean up your system fonts: 46
6. CoDInG 47
overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
QuarkXpressCoding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
XpressCoding(simpleCoding). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Coding for Paragraph Style 49
Coding for Character Style 49
Coding for Formatting and Special Character 49
Coding for Fonts 50
Compiled by deepakaggarwal V
Confidential --- Planman
CodingforIndex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
X-tagCoding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
InDesignCoding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Coding for Paragraph Style 52
Coding for Character Style 52
Coding for Formatting and Special Character 52
7. XmLInInDesIGnCs2 49
XmLstructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
XmLDocument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
XmLVersionDeclarations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Encoding Declarations 51
dtd(DocumenttypeDefnition). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
XML dtd Declaration 51
XsL(extensiblestylesheetLanguage). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
XsLDeclaration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
XmLentity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Rootelement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
tags . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Childelement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Attribute. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Unicode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Valid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Wellformed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
GettingstartedXmLwithInDesignCs2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
ImportingXmLfile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Manual Layout 55
Automatic Layout 55
Whatismapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Paragraph and Character Style Attributes 56
Tables Attributes 56
Understand/LearntheothertermsofInDesignXmL . . . . . . . . 57
Understand the Structuring Pane 58
Viewing XML tags 59
To Show or Hide Tagged Frames or Tag Markers 60
toValidateXmLstructure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
8.YoRksX-tABLe 61
Xtablessevenstylesoftables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
styleA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
styleB. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
styleC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
stylesDande. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
stylef. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
styleG. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
1
1
tYPesettInG
Overview
Typesetting Process
1.1 Input
1.2 Process
1.3 Output
Overview
typesetting
A term that originally referred to the setting of lead type for printing presses or phototypesetting. With advancing technology
nearly all typesetting is now done on the computer. In other words:
Type + Setting = Typesetting (Typography Setting)
Before going into deep, we need to learn what is the procedure of Typestting. Generally there are three process in typesetting:
1. Input
2. Process
3. Output
The entire typesetting is based on these three steps. Input and Output are directly associated with client wherever Process is
connected with us (Production Team).
There can be various type of job/project in Typesetting feld, like: Books, Magazines, Newspapers, Journals etc.
Note: Please note that this training is not a complete publishing training. We are not going to discuss on each and every topic
of publising. We will learn only those things which are neccessory to make our work smooth and quality holder.
Now we will learn each step one by one.
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 3
Input
Input is all the Material, Informations & Instruction which are provided by client. Input can be divided into three categories:
1. Project Row Data
2. Project Supported Informations
3. Standard of Client
ProjectRowData
The data which are compulsory for design the books. This can be MSP, Text Files, Art Log, Arts,
ProjectsupportedInformations
The data in the form of instructins, which are neccessory for design the project. It includes, Specs, Sample, Design Layout,
Templete, Pattern Volume or Tearsheet etc.
standardsofClient
Standard Rules & Regulation of every client which are used in each and every project provided by him. He sends these speci-
fcation once. We use these specifcations in all project untill client get changed them. These standards includes File Naming
convention, Postscript/Pdf Option, Printer Details, All Preferences, Punctuation, Greek Characters, Workfow of Job, Final
Delivrable Format, Description...etc.
t e r ms
Artlog provides by the client, It contains almost complete information of art(s) of the project i. e., number of each art,
placement design of art. When we create the artwork like Re-draw, Re-labeling the Image or Flowchart etc., we need to
follow all the specifcation & design tips mention in the Artlog?
DesignLayout Most the time client get created the design of the project by any freelancer and then send it to typesetter
to follow that design. Typesetter design the book according to that Design Layout. Client can send the pattern tearsheet
also after marking the alteration as design layout.
PatternVolumeorPreviousedition Previus edition book is called pattern volume. If you are going to design 6th edition
then the last fve edition(s) will be called its pattern volumes.
templete(Grid) Template is an electronic fle which contains all styles, preferences, color pallate, master pages... used
for creating the design. Sometimes client provides it or most of the time we create it inhouse by using the supporting fles
like specs, pattern volume, design layout etc.
sample If we design all the elements coming in the project in a templete, it becomes sample. In typesetting feld we must
get the approval of sample before starting the project on production foor.
Benftsof samplemakingandgettingapproval:
Client Satisfaction: If we are not getting the approval of sample from client then in correction round client can mark or
complain for any big design change/alteration. In that case we will not be able to take any extra charge as well as client
will also not happy with us.
Saving Production Time: By having the project sample, we can save our time in production. As we will be having sample
which is already approved by QC and sample is containing all the elements of book then there will be no more designing
query in the mean time of production.
Consistency: Sample contains all the element of book. So all the operator will follow that one sample for each chapter or
unit. So there will be no chance of inconsistency in the job.
Got Extra time: In typesetting feld whatever time estimate is given to client, it starts after the approval of sample. So by
making the sample we get extra time for production indirectly.
Saving rewrok and Resolving of Query in frst stage.
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4 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Publishing Services
t e r ms
msP Manuscript page: The book in typewritten or word processing form.
spotColours are premixed special colour, which are available in print market indepently. These are used for saving the
printing cost and for giving the consistency in color. Pantone Family is the best example of spot colors.
Remember: All the color are made by the combination of CMYK. If you are creating any color by mixing of these four
colours, project will remain four color project but if you use/add any spot color like Pantone 3721 or any other pantone
family then this job will become 5 color project. If we have used spot colour in the book then acording to process of Print-
ing Technology we require 5th pallate for print the spot colour. Generally we work in four plates - CMYK.
trim The fnal dimension of a book after the printer or bindery has cut it to size.
type Trim margins
text Trim (margins 1 running head/running feet)
Bleed An element that extends to the trim is called Bleed.
Sometimes client requires few pages highlited that can be identify without opening the book. In that case on those
pages typesetter use bleed option. Specially bleed is used for avoiding a white hair line in printing when we need to extend
any art to trim. The standard of bleed is 9pt.
Ligature In typography, characters that are bound to each other, such as f, f, oe, ae.
typesofBooks? Sceintifc, Technical, Mathematical (STM), Accounting, Journals, Designing Books etc.
Process
Before understanding the typsetting process we see an example of a local scooter reparing service center.
What do you think according to you what should be the process of that shop? See:
A Customer comes to Scooter Shopkeeper, he says my scooter is having the problem and I wanna get it repaired. Then steps of shopkeeper
will be:
Step1: Shopkeeper analyses the scooter (with the help of his best service man) and take an idea about how much work to do in scooter
and what will be the cost! Then according to the market rate he let him know the exect expense for repairing. This process is called
Analyses and Castoff
Step2: Then Shopkeeper settles the delivery time (according to the customer need). If customer need scooter so much quickly then
he will promise to give scooter on time at any cost. That time is called Deadline. If he get failed to meet deadline customer
get unsatisfy.
Step3: He judges his manpower whether he is having suffcient Mechanics. This is called judge our Manpower.
Step4: Now with the help of his superviser, he ensures whether he is having all the neccesoory tools for repairing the schooter. This
procedure is called Judge the Avaailability of Tools.
Step5: He trys to make the all necessory requirement for getting the scoorter repaired. Like Lighting, Water, Food for his Mechanics.
This is called Maintaining Atmosphere for Work.
Step6: Now Shopkeeper tell his superviser to make this work done on time with superior quality. This process called Appoint the Job
Lead
Step7: Job Lead who knows the entire process of repairing he judges his manpower strength. He distributes the work to require number
of employee according to their knowledge and specilisation. This is called Distribution of Job.
Step8: In the meantime of job work, job lead help his team member and get solved their all problemms. This is called Supervision and
Leading.
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 5
Confidential --- Publishing Services
There is no difference in Typesetting Procedure also. We differentiate the process in three categories:
Owner/Management
1. Analyses and Castoff
2. Fix the Deadline (Give by Client)
3. Judge the Manpower (appoint more employee, if required)
4. Judge the Availability of Tools (InDesign, QuarkXpress, 3B2, Pagemaker, or Framemaker etc...)
5. Maintaining the Supporting Working Condition for all (AC, Seats, Lunch, Refreshment...)
6. Appoint the Job Lead for the project
Workof JobLead
7. Distribution of Job to his colleagues according their knowledge and skills
8. Announce a Work Flow for job for running the project smoothly and maintain the consistency
9. Inform his owner for everthing either complain, suggetion or requirements and status of work day to day.
taskintheBook
Now before moving ahead, we will see how many task may need to be done in a book. We differentiate these task in two
categories Direct Task and Supporting Task.
Directtask
The task which are directly connected with the project/book. These are as below:
MustBeinaBook MayBeinaBook
1. Analysis 5. Editing
2. Setup and Compossing 6. Indexing
3. Proofng 7. Keying
4. Art work 8. XML (for web)
supportingtask
The task which are indirectly connected with the project/book
9. Announce a Workfow of job for running the project smoothly and maintaining consistency.
10. Generate check list for every task for making consistency as well as avoding error, improving the productivity.
11. Generate all the supporting records for future reference and multi tasking.
12. Introduce the QAR (Quality Analysis Report) for improving the quality day by day.
t e r ms
Index is a systematic arrangement of entries designed to enable users to locate information in a document. The process of
creating an index is called indexing, and a person who does indexing is called an indexer. There are many types of indexes, from
cumulative indexes for journals to computer database indexes.
Who can create the Index In the United States, according to tradition, the index is the responsibility of the author. Most authors
do not actually do it. While a few publishers have in-house indexers, most indexing is done by freelancers, often working from
home, hired by authors, publishers or packagers.
How is indexing done? Often at the same time as fnal proofreading is being done by someone. The indexer reads the page
proofs, making a list of headings and subheadings (terms to appear in the index) and the location of each pertinent reference.
After completing the rough index the indexer edits it for structure, clarity and consistency, formats it to specifcations, proof-
reads it and submits it to the client in hard-copy form, on in electronic format. Since the indexer is very late in the production
process, there can be unreasonable time pressure.
editing is done by editor. He is responsible for improving the languare, remove the grammetically mistake and inorm to
client for any other modifcation in data.
Who can do the Editing Only a person who is having entire knowledge of topic of the book can do the editing. If he does not
have complete information, knowledge of the subject of book he can not improve the language or edit the terms.
6 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Publishing Services
WorkProcedureforeachtask
Analysis
A person who is having maximum knowledge of typsetting process, only he/she can do the analysing perfectly. He is the frst
person. His responsibilities are:
1. PIR: Project Informations Report:- This is the primary report, which are having all the genral information about the
project.
Project Informations Report
Project Number: ___________ Project Name: ________________ Publisher: ___________
PM: ___________ Job Lead: ___________ Level: ___________
Book Title: _______________________________________________________________________________________
ISBN: ___________ Author: ______________________
Platform: ___________ Program: ________________ # Color: ___________
Naming Convention: ______________________
Printer Name: ___________ Final Product: ___________
Mansucript Pages: ___________ Est. Book Pages: ___________ Chapters Count: _________
Cutomer Files Received:
Design Layout: Hard Copy: Soft Copy:
Sample: Hard Copy: Soft Copy:
Specification (specs): Templete: Fonts: Liabrary:
Previous Editions Files: Hard Copy Book:
Element of Books:
Cover(s): FM: SO: PO: CO:
Box: Tables: Figures: Examples:

Tips:
Appendix: Glossary: Endnotes: Credits: Index:
Shedule:
To Comp: ___________
Castoff: ___________ Sample: ___________
First Pages: ___________ Returned to Compositor: ___________
Ist Revise:___________ Returned to Compositor: ___________
IInd Revise: ___________ Returned to Compositor: ___________
Printer Test: ___________ Files for Printer: ___________ Archieve: ___________
Specification Informations
Trim: _________________ Type: _________________ Text: _________________
Margins: Top: _______ Bottom: _______ Inside: _______ Outside: _______
Lines Per Page/base fonts: _________________________________________________________________
Fonts Used: ________________________________________________________________________________
Special Comments:
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
-________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 7
Confidential --- Publishing Services
2. PAR: Project Analysis Report:- This report tells about the numer of msp, total fotting elements.
3. Tagging:- All the tag/style should have marked on
MSP throughout so that production person can apply
the correct tage.
If client has provided only pattern volumes hard
copy, then analyser need to be mark confguration of
style also.
4. Queries: Generate the Queries for client i.e.,
MSP 20 is missing.
MSP 124 is not elegible for reading.
5. ChapterWiseFolder: Generate the Folder for each chapter. Keep all related test msp/art msp in it.
6. CreateJobFolder: At last he create the Job/Mail folder, enclosed all reports with mails and paas it to production.
Now we will learn about :
1. Workfow
2. Checklist
3. Other Reports
t e r ms
jacket Short for dust jacket, this is the paper cover/plastic cover on a book for keeping book clean.
spine Back of the book visible when book is on a shelf (closed). It show the width of book.
lineart Black and white artwork such as pen-and-ink or pencil drawings.
half-tone Process of breaking a continuous tone image into dots for printing.
signature A group of book pages that have been printed together on one large sheet of paper that is then folded and cut in
preparation for being bound, along with the books other signatures, into the fnal volume. It is also known as Pharma.
Signatures run in eights: 8, 16, 24, 32. Most commonly printers run books in signatures of 16 pages.
blurb text Favorable quotes from other writers, celebrities, or experts in a books subject area, which appear on the
jacket and are used for publicity and promotional purposes. A piece of written copy or extracted quotation used, as on
a fyer, in a catalog, or in an advertisement.
frankfurtBookfair The largest international publishing exhibition - with fve hundred years of tradition behind it. The
fair takes place every October in Frankfurt, Germany. Thousands of publishers, agents, and writers from allover the world
negotiate, network, and buy and sell rights
PAR (Pro[ect AnaIysis Report) Cum Castoff Pages
Chapter MSP IiIe Naming Convention Pages (app) Iigure/Art TabIe Box
Covcrs 2 Cov_pg01-02.qxd 02 0l2 -- --
lM 9 C00_pgi-vi.qxd 00 0l2 -- --
1. 1 C01_pg01-12.qxd 12 -- -- --
2. 20 C02_pg1!-!4.qxd 22 !l1 ! 1
!. 22 C0!_pg!5-52.qxd 1 9l0 0 --
4. 2! C04_pg5!-71.qxd 19 -- -- --
5. ! lNl_pg72-72.qxd 01 -- -- --
TotaI S0 !2/!! 9 !
PAR (Pro[ect AnaIysis Report) Cum Castoff Pages
Chapter MSP IiIe Naming Convention Pages (app) Iigure/Art TabIe Box
Covcrs 2 Cov_pg01-02.qxd 02 0l2 -- --
lM 9 C00_pgi-vi.qxd 00 0l2 -- --
1. 1 C01_pg01-12.qxd 12 -- -- --
2. 20 C02_pg1!-!4.qxd 22 !l1 ! 1
!. 22 C0!_pg!5-52.qxd 1 9l0 0 --
4. 2! C04_pg5!-71.qxd 19 -- -- --
5. ! lNl_pg72-72.qxd 01 -- -- --
TotaI S0 !2/!! 9 !
S typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Publishing Services
WoRkfLoWCHARt
Start
CreateArt
1PR
1CR
Yes
No
PasstoTypesetting
End
QC
Error
ArtWorkfow
Start
Keying/OCR
SpellCheck
1CR
PasstoCoding
End
keyingWorkfow
Start
Editing
Coding
PlaceinTemplete
End
CodingWorkfow
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 9
Confidential --- Publishing Services
WoRkfLoWCHARt
Start
RTS
1PR
1CR
Error
Yes
TPR
No
PMU
PMP
PMC
Error
Yes
TPR
No
QC
PDF/Preflight
Uploaded
End
Error
No
Yes
PagingWorkfow
Start
Analyses
Sampling
QC
Error
Yes
PasstoTypesetting
End
1CR
No
setupWorkfow
!0 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Publishing Services
CHeCkLIstsfoRPRoDUCtIon(tYPesetteR)
J.No./Name _________ JobTitle_________ JobLead _________ Component ________
setupChecklist
JobFolderStudied/CrossCheck

AnalysetheMSP/Input

GreekCharacters(alpha,betaetc...)

Italic Roman

MathCharacters(plus,minusetc...)

Symbol MathPi font

Base font

MathPrograme

Math Type Powermath

In Math

X-Math

CreateFontFolder

Ensure All fonts are in Type 1 Format

Correct/UpdatethePreference(s)

Default, General, Character, H&J Preferences

Create Complete Style Sheet



Ensure Correct Naming Convention of Style Sheet

Ensure All Styles has been created


Create Color Pallete

Create all required Master Pages

CreateSample

Ensure All Element have Shown in Sample

CreateLiabrary

Ensure All Neccessary Element have put in Liabrary

CreatePrintStyle

CreateJobOptionsforCreatingPDF

CreateXtagfleforCoding(if require)

MarkStylesonSampleforQC

MarkSpacingonSampleforQC

Part/SectionOpener Verso

Recto

New Page
ChapterOpener Verso

Recto

New Page
ChapterEnding Verso

Recto

Any Page
FilesCopiedtoWGServer

LaunchMeeting

SendQuerytoProcessOwener/Leader

Responsible ___________ Date ___________
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal !!
Confidential --- Publishing Services
CHeCkLIstsfoRPRoDUCtIon(tYPesetteR)
J.No./Name _________ JobTitle_________ JobLead _________ Component ________
CodingChecklist
Description with Soft Copy

Pattern Volume

Punctuation per Client

File Placed in Templete

Copy Coded File into WG Server

Responsible ___________ Date ___________


GalleyChecklist
Job/MailFolderStudied

Check MSP Sequence

Check Latest Temp/Sample

Document Prefences per Client

Application Prefences per Client

Check Extra Fonts

All Extention Available

New Tag in MSP

Varify all tag Applied

Create all Flotting Elements

Zero Error Filed Area Checked

Stacked Head Spacing

Punctuation, Greek Letters

Global Instruction Followed

Responsible ___________ Date ___________


PagingChecklist
JobFolder Studied

Setup Checklist Reviewed

Check Paging Guidlines

All Art Available

Place all Flotting Element Correctly

Check Bad Break/Orphan/Widow

Zero Erro Field Area Checked

Check Font Attribute

File Naming Convention

Remove Extra Color/Styles

Check Spread/Base Align

Link Art Properly

Responsible ___________ Date ___________


UploadingChecklist
Check Date and Time

File Naming Checked

Prfighting OK

All Font Embaded/Type 1

Art File High Resolution

Art Files are in .eps Format

Last Correction Followed

Zero Erro Field Area Checked

Print Style Correct

AllFilesCopiedtoWGServer

Job/MailFolderStudied

Check MSP Sequence

Tag Missing on MSP

Author Supplied Text File

Spell Check

!2 typesettingrulesandregulations
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Till here, we have learnt about the various checklist. Checklist are made for improving the quality and avoiding the silly
mistake. These checklist are not only helping us to maintain the quality but also defne the responsiblity of each person. We
have understood the workfow of entire typesetting. We have seen that all department are dependent to each other. If art person
is not doing his work on time than paginator can not perform his work on time. As well as if any person in this process makes
the mistake, everybodys task will suffer.
otherReports
Now after production workfow and check-
list we will discuss about the other reports
which are made for controlling the tracking,
maintaining the records, imporving the
quality etc... These reports are made by the
job lead or supervisor. We can differentiate
these reports in three catagories:
1. For Improving the Quality and Reducing
the Cost.
2. For Controlling the Distribution and
Tracking of Project.
3. For Maintaining the Complete Project
Details
QualityAnalysesheet(QAs)
Quality Analyse Sheet is introduced by
management person for reducing the errors
and costing in production. According to this
sheet, every person tells previous task per-
former about his mistakes. Means he gives
beedback. So that next time everyperson try
to avoid those mistakes. This sheet is flled
after each component of project.
This is the responsibllity of each person
to fll it properly. It also gives the reward to
those employees who perform their work
with quality. See the speciman copy of QAS.
Jobtrackingsheet(Jts)
Job Tracking Sheet is implemented on the
production foor for keeping the record of job
distribution. This sheet is updated everyday
by the job lead. Job Lead put the print of JTS
on the table every morning. Everyperson fll
his name in it and when task is completed or
time is over, he updates this sheet.
In the evening job lead updated these
information in electronic JTS and next
day he again gives the print of that up-
dated Job Tacking Sheet. Thus neither he
needs to go to each person for asking what
they are doing nor production persons ask
their work. Everyperson in management
can just see this sheet and get the complete
information of work process and status.
So this is the sheet which tells all in-
formation of project, their current status, total type set pages (TSP), total manuscript page (MSP), Recd date, due date,
responsible person, comments and total of pages on production foor.
QAS (QUALITY ANALYSIS SHEET)
Job Name : ____________________ Job Number: ____________ Chapter No. : _________
Job Lead: ______________ Complexity/Level: _______ Total MSP: _______ Total TSP: _______
Keyed MS (page numbers): : ___________________________________________________________
COD. 1. ______________ MSP: ____________ 2. ______________ MSP: ____________
RTS 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
PMU 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
PMC 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
1PR 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
PMP 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
FNL 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
1PR TSP with Errors: ________________________________________________________________
PMP TSP with Errors: __________________________ Final TSP with Errors: _____________
Desktop Quality Check 1PR PMP FNL TOTAL
T
y
p
o
g
r
a
p
h
y
T1 Typos
T2 Edit Missed/Incorrect
T3 See/Extra Copy
T4 New Mistake Introduced
T5 Art Error
S
p
e
c
s
S1 Style (spec related mistake)
S2
Zero Field Area (CN, CT, Display Heads, RH, Author,
Aflation, Abstract, Wrong Fig. etc...)
S3 Alignment in Table (TCH, TB)
P
G

M

k
p P1 Bad Breaks, Orphan, Widow
P2 Position of Figure and Table
P3 Wrong Paging
Remarks: This Component was nalised in

1PR

PMP

FNL
Confidential --- Planman
QAS (QUALITY ANALYSIS SHEET)
Job Name : ____________________ Job Number: ____________ Chapter No. : _________
Job Lead: ______________ Complexity/Level: _______ Total MSP: _______ Total TSP: _______
Keyed MS (page numbers): : ___________________________________________________________
COD. 1. ______________ MSP: ____________ 2. ______________ MSP: ____________
RTS 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
PMU 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
PMC 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
1PR 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
PMP 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
FNL 1. ______________ TSP: ____________ 2. ______________ TSP: _____________
1PR TSP with Errors: ________________________________________________________________
PMP TSP with Errors: __________________________ Final TSP with Errors: _____________
Desktop Quality Check 1PR PMP FNL TOTAL
T
y
p
o
g
r
a
p
h
y
T1 Typos
T2 Edit Missed/Incorrect
T3 See/Extra Copy
T4 New Mistake Introduced
T5 Art Error
S
p
e
c
s
S1 Style (spec related mistake)
S2
Zero Field Area (CN, CT, Display Heads, RH, Author,
Aflation, Abstract, Wrong Fig. etc...)
S3 Alignment in Table (TCH, TB)
P
G

M

k
p P1 Bad Breaks, Orphan, Widow
P2 Position of Figure and Table
P3 Wrong Paging
Remarks: This Component was nalised in

1PR

PMP

FNL
Confidential --- Planman
NAME & ID F/R RECD DATE DUE DATE MSPs TSPs TASK FOR RESPONSIBLE STATUS NEXT TASK RESPONSIBLE STATUS Next Task COMMENTS
HR002_10 F 21-Mar-06 09-Apr-06 62 71 RTS Deepak Complete 1PR Pankaj In process Art to come
HR002_14 F 21-Mar-06 07-Apr-06 62 52 PMU Raj Complete PMP Pinky In process
HR002_FM F 29-May-06 09-Jun-06 9 10 PMC Preeti Complete QC Santosh In process Title page to come
HR002_BM F 29-May-06 09-Jun-06 9 10 RTS Poonam In process
142 143
HR001_IND F 12-Jun-06 13-Jun-06 29 17 1CR Deepak Complete QC Sudhakar Complete For Uploading
Correction in pages 393-402, 404,
406-408
29 17
LUCIRE F 21-Jun-06 2 2 Sampling Sudhanshu In process
2 2
173 162 Grand Total MSP/TSP in Production:
HAED_002
JOB TRACKING CUM STATUS SHEET FOR 21 June 2006, Wednesday
Total MSP/TSP in LUCIRE:
LUCIRE
Total MSP/TSP in HAED_002:
HAED_001
Total MSP/TSP in HAED_001:
NAME & ID F/R RECD DATE DUE DATE MSPs TSPs TASK FOR RESPONSIBLE STATUS NEXT TASK RESPONSIBLE STATUS Next Task COMMENTS
HR002_10 F 21-Mar-06 09-Apr-06 62 71 RTS Deepak Complete 1PR Pankaj In process Art to come
HR002_14 F 21-Mar-06 07-Apr-06 62 52 PMU Raj Complete PMP Pinky In process
HR002_FM F 29-May-06 09-Jun-06 9 10 PMC Preeti Complete QC Santosh In process Title page to come
HR002_BM F 29-May-06 09-Jun-06 9 10 RTS Poonam In process
142 143
HR001_IND F 12-Jun-06 13-Jun-06 29 17 1CR Deepak Complete QC Sudhakar Complete For Uploading
Correction in pages 393-402, 404,
406-408
29 17
LUCIRE F 21-Jun-06 2 2 Sampling Sudhanshu In process
2 2
173 162 Grand Total MSP/TSP in Production:
HAED_002
JOB TRACKING CUM STATUS SHEET FOR 21 June 2006, Wednesday
Total MSP/TSP in LUCIRE:
LUCIRE
Total MSP/TSP in HAED_002:
HAED_001
Total MSP/TSP in HAED_001:
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ProjectDetailsheet(PDs)
Project Detail Sheet is generated by project lead. There should be a seprated sheet for each project. This report is having the
entire information of project like:
who was involved in the project
how many tasks were done in the project
Information about uploaded typeset pages, blank pages etc...
This report is also beneftial for calculating the actual costing of project.
ProjectDetailSheet(PDS)
NAME & ID F/R RECD DATE
Uploaded
On
MSPs TSPs
Blank
Pages
Editing/
Coding
RTS 1CR PMU PMC Uploaded Comments
HR002_10 F 21-Mar-06 09-Apr-06 62 71 0 --- Deepak Deepak Deepak Deepak Deepak
HR002_14 F 21-Mar-06 07-Apr-06 62 52 0 --- Raj Raj Raj Raj Deepak
HR002_07 F 21-Mar-06 11-Apr-06 51 64 0 --- Preeti Preeti Preeti Preeti Deepak
HR002_12 F 13-Apr-06 24-Apr-06 48 58 0 --- Poonam Poonam Poonam Poonam Deepak
HR002_13 F 13-Apr-06 24-Apr-06 46 56 0 --- Pinky Pinky Pinky Pinky Deepak
HR002_11 F 13-Apr-06 25-Apr-06 50 63 0 --- Raj Raj Deepak Deepak Deepak
HR002_09 F 13-Apr-06 27-Apr-06 55 53 0 --- Preeti Deepak Raj Raj Deepak Minor editing
HR002_07 R1 29-May-06 06-Jun-06 64 52 1 Deepak --- Raj Preeti Preeti Deepak
Repaginate due to receiving of missing
art
HR002_09 R1 29-May-06 02-Jun-06 53 50 0 Raj --- Preeti Poonam Poonam Raj Minor editing
HR002_10 R1 29-May-06 05-Jun-06 71 65 0 Preeti --- Poonam Pinky Deepak Raj Minor editing
HR002_11 R1 29-May-06 04-Jun-06 63 56 0 Poonam --- Pinky Deepak Raj Raj Minor editing
HR002_13 R1 29-May-06 03-Jun-06 56 50 0 Pinky --- Raj Raj Preeti Raj
HR002_14 R1 29-May-06 04-Jun-06 52 48 0 Raj --- Preeti Preeti Poonam Raj Correction in page 87
HR002_FM F 29-May-06 09-Jun-06 9 10 2 Preeti --- --- Poonam Pinky Raj
HR002_BM F 29-May-06 09-Jun-06 9 10 1 Poonam --- --- Pinky Raj Raj
HR002_12 R1 06-Jun-06 09-Jun-06 58 44 1 Deepak --- --- Raj Raj Raj
Correction in pages 393-402, 404, 406-
408
809 802 5 Total MSP Recd./TSP Uploaded in HAED 002:
HAED_002
Confidential --- Publishing Services
Top
2p6
Inside
3p
Outside
3p
Bottom
3p4.5
2p6
Type
36p x 48p1.5
1 SPPhotina Regular 10/12
2
3
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30
1
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8
9
40
1
2
3
4
45 Short
46 Normal
47 Long
Trim
42p x 54p
Text
36p x 45p7.5
Typesetting Rules.indd 18 6/22/06 9:56:10 AM
Verso
spread
Recto
Confidential --- Publishing Services
Top
2p6
Outside
3p
Inside
3p
2p6
Type
36p x 48p1.5
1 SPPhotina Regular 10/12
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
30
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
40
1
2
3
4
45 Short
46 Normal
47 Long
Trim
42p x 54p
Text
36p x 45p7.5
Bottom
3p4.5
Typesetting Rules.indd 19 6/22/06 9:56:11 AM
Verso
spread
Recto
!6 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Publishing Services
2
output/Uploadingstuff
Now by using Input we have completed our project process and fnal fles are ready to upload to client. All Uploading material
is called output. This can be upload in various step:
1. FreshUploading: This is the stuff that we upload to client very frst time. Generally we upload PDF in this stage. Client
reviews this stuff and gives his feedback to typesetter. These feedback and alteration is called revises from client.
2. Revise(s): This is the feedback cum alteration from client. Sometimes typesetter leaves mistake or sometimes client wants
to make any alteration in the stuff, he sends few/all pages back to typesetter for updating that.
3. Final Print Ready Uploading: Now this is the fnal stuff which is now ready for printing. Before uploading this stuff
typesetter ensure about all checking regarding printing. Like there should be no substitute fonts, page size, hi-resolution
arts etc...
4. Archive Uploading: Almost all clients ask complete stuff in the last or after the printing. It includes all project fles
alongwith supporting fles i.e., InDesign/QuarkXpress fles, art fles, text fles, fonts, print style, sample, layout, math
superset etc...
2
eLementsofBook
Overview
2.1 Front Matter
2.2 Body Matter
2.3 Back Matter
Overview
elementofBooks
A book can be divided into three major devision:
1. the Front Matter (also called preliminary mater or prelims)
2. the Body Matter
3. the Back Matter (or end matter)
These elements are presented in the book in an appropriate sequence.
Now in this chapter we will discuss all the element and their sequence.
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frontmatter
It appears at the beginning of the book. The folio of all pages in FM set only roman numbers (i, ii, iii...). Element which generally
appear as Front Matter are as follows:
i Half TitlePage This is the frst page of the book, which shows only title of the book. Half Title Page always starts from the
recto page and the following verso page is generally left blank. It is also known as Bastard Page.
iii TitlePage This third recto page shows the Title, Author Information, Publishers Detail/Logo etc.
iv CopyrightPage This Fourth page always prints on back of the title page (means on verso page). It shows the information
about the Copyright Registration. International Standard Book Number (ISBN), Publishers or Printers Name and details,
Edition Number, Book Price etc.
v Dedication This book is dedicated to my son, this type of dedication lines are set on 5th recto page. Following page is
generally left blank.
vii Epigraph In case there is any Poem/Quotation with it source is coming in FM, it will set on vii page of FM as Epigraph
page. Following page is generally left blank.
viii Table of Contents Brief Content or/and Table of Contents shows the content of entire book with there reference page
numbers. This page includes the information about Part, Chapter, Section, Sub-section, Titles and Heading Levels with
their beginning page numbers. Followed page generally goes blank. This page is set on Recto page.
x Preface/Foreword The authors own statement about the work is usually called Preface. Wherever Foreword is the
statement someone other than the author. Preface includes reasons for undertaking the work, method of research etc...
This page is set on Recto page.
xii Acknowledgement It may be containing the information about those Persons/Sources who contribute their roles to write
the book. This page is set on Recto page.
xiv Illustrations, Introduction, Abbreviations, These are the other elements of Front Matter. Each section generally starts
from Recto.
mainBodymatter
This is the biggest part of the book. Text generally starts with Part Opener. The folio of all pages in Body set only arabic numbers
(1, 2, 3...). Element which generally appear as Main Body Matter are as follows:
1 Part Opener (PO) This is the frst page of the body text. Part Opener Page always starts from the recto page and the
following verso page is generally left blank. It contains Part Number (PN), Part Title (PT). Generally big books are divided
into different parts. Blind folio is used in this page.
2 ChapterOpener(CO) This is the third page of text matter. It contains Chapter Number, Chapter Title, Chapter Sub-title,
Chapter Opening Heads and Chapter Opening Text. First Chapter always starts from recto. Next Chapter Opener pages may
start from new page as per instrcution of client.Chapter Opener Style must be same for each chapter opener page.
3 BodyText These are the continued page of Chapter Oener. Body text contains the following elements: (a) Headings such
as level A, B, C, D... (b) List such as number, bullet, step, where list... (c) Equations (Text and Displayed) (d) Extracts or
Quotations, (e) Flotting Elements such as Figures, Tables, Box, Examples, Footnotes...
Backmatter
It appears at the end of the book. Back Matter is known by End Matter or Rear Matter. The folio of all pages in BM set only arabic
numbers (1, 2, 3...). Element which generally appear as Back Matter are as follows:
1 Appendix(ces) Additional material which is not included in the text but is useful to the reader for clarifcation like: Text
of documents, Explanation to theories, Mathematical derivations, Long list of Tables etc... Heading to Appendix is always
A-head. If there are two or more Appendices, they are lablelled A, B C etc...
2 Referencelist/Bibliography This is a detailed list of authors work or suggeted readings. cited in the text. There could be
citation or journals, books, conference proceedings, thesis, technical papers or preprint etc...
3 Glossary Details of Technical terms used in the book which are generally set in alphabatically order and smaller type size
than the text.
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3
4 End Notes List of the notes which are cited in the text. This is same like the footnote. Footnote are set page to page
wherever End Notes are set in the last of book.
5 Index A list of information of particular terms/names which have used in printed book with there reference page number.
Main heading of Index set alphabatically. Generally Index set in two or three column.
6 ErrataandAddenda The corrections (if any) recieved by the publisher from the author too late to incorporate into print,
they are generally set under the head Erratum (Errors) and Addenda (add something)
t e r m
RunningHead/feet The headings at the top/bottom of the page, which never set on display pages (half title, title, copyright,
dedication, PO, CO etc...). If it goes to top it is called running head. If it set in bottom it is called running feet.
Each elements in the front matter normally carried the same running head on verso and recto pages.
Verso Recto
Contents Contents
Index, Index
Running Heads in text According to the structure and nature of the book, acceptable arrangement of running head or run-
ning feet are following:
Verso Recto Verso Recto
Part Title Chapter Title Chapter Number Chapter Title
Chapter Title Subhead Chapter Title Chapter Sub-title
Author Name Chapter Title Sub-head Sub-head
3
tYPesettInGRULes
Overview
3.1 Typography
3.2 Type of Errors
3.3 Typesetting Guidelines
Overview
typography
1. Character
2. Typefonts, Typeface and Typestyle
3. Leading
4. Greek Characters
5. Special Characters
6. Math in Typesetting
7. Standard Measurements
8. Alignment and Indent
typeoferrors
1. Printer Error
2. Clients Error
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typography
Character
A letter, numeral, symbol or mark of punctuation is called the character. Each character stands on an imaginary base line.
TechnicalTermsof theCharacter:
Abcdefgpqx
Ascender
Meanline
Baseline Descender
Cap. Hieght
x- Hieght
1. Baseline: An imaginary line where all characters stands.
2. Meanline: An imaginary line which goes parallel to baseline from top of lowercase (small) x.
3. CapHeight: Height of capital letter from top to bottom.
4. x-height: Height of a lowercase x from top to bottom.
5. Ascender: Character which extends above the x-height or meanline. e.g., b, d, f etc.
6. Descender: Character which extends below the x-height or baseline. e.g., g, p, q etc..
typefonts
Different type of fonts. We can differentiate fonts in following different categorise:
1 Serif Fonts: Edge in the font. Characters with a small lines projecting from the top or bottom of the main strokes of a letter
of character is known as Serif font. e.g. Times New Roman, Baserville etc.
2 SansSerif Fonts: Without edge. Character without serif e.g., Helvetica, etc.
3. ScriptFonts: Artistically drawn character which looks like handwritter fonts e.g., Davis hand, Balleve etc.
4. TypewriterFonts: Character looks like typewriter printout e.g., ITC American Typewriter, Line Printer etc.
5. Monospace Fonts: Each character in this type has same width, which is gererally used to set comuter language and
statement e.g., Courier, Prestige elite etc.
6. Blackboard Boldface Fonts: Character with double backs are often used by mathematicians to indicate boldface on the
blackboard. Generally these characters are typset in bold face. e.g.: , ,
typefaceandtypestyle
Typeface: The body or face characteristics of a complete font of type. A type font my be Roman, Bold, Italic, Condensed,
Wideface etc.
Typestyle: There are various styles of typesetting the elements such as: ALL CAPS, smallcaps, capandsmallcap(C/sc), Cap &
Lowercase (C/lc) and Initial Cap (I/c)
Leading
Leading: Space between lines is called Leading. This is always measured between base of the frst line to base of second line
(b/b). This is also called the One Line Space. e.g.:
Ag
Ag
Leading
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Fraction/BlockLeading: By adding 4 pts. in type size, we can get base to base Fraction/Block Leading. This is used in built up
fractions (from base of numerator to base of denominator) and in matrices, arrays etc. e.g.:
a a
a a
11 12
21 22

Block Leading

1
2
Fraction Leading
SolidLeading: Typsetting without giving the white space between lines is called Solid Leading. e.g., in 9/9 pts. The frst 9 is
type size and the second 9 is leading.
VisualSpace: White space between lines is called Visual Space. In text we always measure from base to base, but when any
fotting element comes with in the page then we need to measure space from fgure to text, or something from te xt to text
also. Conversion Formula:
Visual Space = Leading - Font Size
In 12/14 point typesetting, 12 is Type Point Size, 20 is Leading. So Visual Space will be 2 point.
Ag
Ag
Leading 14
Visual Space 2
Type Size 12
GreekCharacters
Greek Characters are very commonly used by authors for expressing the variables. Generally Cap Greek Letters are set in
Roman and Lowercase Greek Letters are set in italic, unless otherwise specifed by the publisher.
LowerCaseGreekCharacter
a 5 alpha
b 5 beta
c 5 psi
d 5 delta
e 5 epsilon
f 5 phi
g 5 gamma
h 5 eta
i 5 iota
j5 xi
k 5 kappa
l5 lemda
m 5 mu
n 5 nu
o 5 omicron
p 5 pi
q 5 vartheta
r 5 rho
s 5 sigma
t 5 tau
u5 theta
v5 omega
w5 varphi
x 5 chi
y 5 upsilon
z 5 xi
UpperCaseGreekCharacter
C 5 Psi
D 5 Delta
F 5 Phi
G 5 Gamma
J5 Xi
L 5 Lamba
P 5 Pi
Q 5 Theta
S 5 Sigma
V 5 Omega
specialCharacters(embellishing)
Any character can be embellished with dots, bars, accent or mathematical symbols. Embellished characters should be clearly
illustrated. If double embellishment or embellishment under characters or over cap-height chara cters are called for in text,
extra leading is added, if necessary, to clear ascenders or descenders of adjoining lines. e.g.:
5 umlet option u then u
5 accute option e then e
5 grave option ` then e
5 tild option n then n
5 option i then i
5 circumfes command + shif v
5 option c
5 option a
5 ellips option
mathintypesetting
In typesetting it is very diffcult to express the math. Proofreaders have to give more attention which checking mathematical
settings. We generally use TeX/L
a
T
E
X for math setting.
equations
InlineorTextEquations: When equations appear in the text lines.
DisplayedEquations(DE): When equations are displayed with special setting in seprate lines.
Generally we follow the copy editors marking on the manuscript for spacing, alignment and breaking of DE. If a displayed equa-
tion does not ft on the measure and the preferred break points are not marked on the manuscript, we follow the few rules. We
will read those rules in coming chapter (Paging Rules and Regulation).
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fractions
When a numerater and denominater are separated by a math slash (Solidus) or horizontal bar is called Fraction. There are six
types of fractions.
CaseFraction: Index size numerator and denominator separated by a horizontal rule/bar is called the case fraction. e.g.:
1
2
SpecialFraction: Index size numerator and denominator separated by a horizontal rule/bar is called the case fraction. e.g.:
Build-uporStackedFraction: Full size (normal size) numerator and denominator separated by a horizontal rule/bar is termed
as built-up (stack) fraction, e.g.
1
2
ShillingFraction: Full size (normal size) numerator and denominator separted by a solidus (math slash) is the shilling fraction.
e.g. 23.
ComplexFraction: When two types of fractions are included in a fraction as numerator or denominator, that is called complex
fraction. e.g.
1
2 3
HeavyFraction: Two built-up fraction included in a fraction as a numerator and denominator is known as heavy fraction. e.g.:
b ac
b b ac
a
2
2
4
4
2


superscriptsandsubscripts
When a character or word appear in superior or inferior position that is generally set in smaller point size than the normal text.
They are called superscript and subscript based on the position.
StackedStyle: If a character is followed by both subscript and a superscript, they are set aligned or stacked on left immediately
to the right side of the character they are associated with. e.g.: g
1
2
.
StaggeredStyle: If superior and inferior are to set out of a alignment, superscript will follow subscript that is straggered style.
e.g.: g
1
2
.
frances
Parenthesis (), Brackets [], Braces {}, Angle brackets , Double brackets and Bars , or are fences. The size of fences may
depend on the math situation.
Integral,summation,ProductandUnionsymbols
The Integral (
x y +

2
1
), Summation (
x
2
1

), Product (
x y +

2
1
) and Union (

U) Sysmbols are collective math signs and can be set in one,
two or three line sizes. Generally in text we use one line symbols and in case of displayed equations it is set in two lines symbol.
But Union symbol will be set always in one line size unless specifcally marked to be set larger.
In text limits are set to the right of the symbol as sub and superscripts. For example,
x
2
1

; in displayed equations, limits are set


above and below. e.g.:

x y + =

2
2
1
However, in case of limits to an integral are always set to the right of a single symbol and above and below multiples.
matrixandDeterminatnts
Mostly the matrices are set as display unless the publisher allow spreading of lines in text. The simple two-by-two matrix
a a
a a
11 12
21 22

can be set in text. Matrices are set in cloumns and rows in rectangular array. The fractions are generally set as case
fractions. The columns in the matrix are spearated by 1 En space. Determinant is set in the same manner as a matrix except
that straight lines are used instead of brackets.
ellipses
Three lower dots or center dots used to indicate an omission (for example 1, , 5). Center dots are used between operator signs
(for example: k
1
1 k
2
1

1 k
n
) and and lower dots are used between and after commas or semicolons (for example: k
1
, k
2
,

, k
n
).
26 typesettingrulesandregulations
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Radicals(Rootsign)
Radical Signs ( ) can be set in one-, two-, and three line sizes. The overscore or vinculum bar can be set above a single symbol
or a set of symbols. The bar will be exactly of the same length as that of the matter there under. When radicals with inculum
bars appears in text, 2 pt. additional leading may be added if necessary to clear descenders from the line above. A thick space will
be used between the end of the expression and the symbol that follows.
textandmathslash
TextSlash: It is little bit smaller than the math slash that is used inplace of word Per. e.g. Km/h (Kilometer Per Hour).
MathSlash: It is little bit bigger than the text slash that is used in mathematical fractions. e.g.: 1 2 .
standardmeasurement
The units of measurement or the scale used in typesetting is called Pica Scale
The trim is measured in inches.
The type page is measured in picas.
The size of the type is defned in terms of point.
The leading (interline spacing) is measured in points.
Remember:
1pica 12points 1inch 6pica 1inch 72points
EmSpace: A unit of measurement which is equal to the point size of character (e.g.: 9 point em should be 9 point wide; in
10/12, em space will be 10 pt.)
EnSpace: 1/2 of em space. This is also called as Figure Space or Nut Space
ThickSpace: 1/3 of em space. This is also called as Regular/Word/Math/Operator Space
ThinSpace: 1/6 of Em space.
HairSpace: 1/16 of em space. This is very minor space which is generally used or added between avoiding of characters.
AlignmentandIndent
Alignment
Aligning the lines into the measure is alignment. Different types of alignments commonly used in typesetting are given below:
Justifed Setting (Both Side Alignment): When lines are
aligned from both sides.
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit ad modionsed dolessim zzrili-
quis nulla faccums andipiscin ulla conulpu
tatummy num acincil irit doles
Measure
Left Alignment: When lines are aligned from left side only
and leaving the right side ragged. This is also known as rag-
ged right.
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit ad modionsed dolessim zzriliq-
uis nulla faccums andipiscin ulla conulpu
Measure
Right Alignment: When lines are aligned from right side
only and leaving the left side ragged.
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit ad modionsed dolessim zzrili-
quis nulla faccums andipiscin ulla conulpu
tatummy num acincil irit doles
Measure
Center Alignment: Aligning the lines to the center of
measure.
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit ad modionsed dolessim zzrili-
quis nulla faccums andipiscin ulla conulpu
tatummy num acincil irit doles
Measure
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Indent
Leaving the space from left/right side or both side of text into the measure is called Indent. There are three types of common
indent:
Constant Indent: Leaving constant or regular/continued
space from all lines of text is termed as Constant Indent
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit ad modionsed dolessim
zzriliquis nulla faccums andipiscin ulla
conulpu
Measure
HangingIndent: In this case the frst line is set full measure
and the turnover are indented. e.g.:
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit ad modionsed dolessim
zzriliquis nulla faccums andipiscin ulla
conulpu
Measure
Paragraph/First Line Indent: When the frst line is indeneted from the left hand margin and the following lines are set full
measure, we call it Paragraph Indent. e.g.;
Ros nullaorem zzriurem endipisim ipit
accum verit
ad modionsed dolessim zzriliquis nulla
faccums andipiscin ulla conulpu
Measure
typeoferrors
When the type is to be set by using the computer, the text elements are usually coded to indicate matters such as where and
how to set Heading, Engironment, Tables, Figures, and so forth. When italics (or boldface), subscript or superscript are to begin
and end; and how much spacing to insert where needed. Mistakes in inserting code symbols may result in errors. Such errors
are usually caught and rectifed before the proofs are sent to the publisher. We can categoriesed these errors in two parts: (1)
Printer or Typesetter Error and (2) Client Error.
Printer/typesettererrors(Pe)
Any error which is not corrected by the typesetter at the proof stage will be treated as Printers Error (PE). There are different
types of typesetter error:
TypographicalErrororTypos: Typesetters error during data entry is known as Typographical Error or Typos. e.g.: Spelling
Mistake, Missing text.
FormattingError: Typesetters error that occurs during data setting. e.g.: worng setting of fotting elements.
PageMakupError: Typesetters error in pagination. e.g.: Wrong placement of fotting elements.
CopyEditError: Typesetters ommission in following the copy editors marking or instruction. e.g.: Inconsistency in Variables/
Fractions Style/Greek letters/Global spelling etc.
Additional erro marked in proof by the client which was not shwon in the manuscript and not informed to the typesetter at
the typesetting stage. All such Clients Error are chargeable to the client.
AuthorAlterations(AA)
EditorsAlterations(EA)
DesignersError(DE)
OffceCorrections(OC)
4
PRoofReADInGAnD
PAGInGRULes
Overview
4.1 International Proofreading Marking/Symbols
4.2 International Copyediting Marking/Symbols
4.3 Bad Breaks
4.4 Workfow for Proofng
4.5 Checklist for Proofreaders
4
Overview
Proofreading
Proof Reader should follow a uniform standard and marking the proof because that is considered to be important way of com-
munication between computer operator or programmer and the proof reader. Therefore it is neccessoity to have the complete
knowledge of international proofng symbol.
Make all alteration on the proofs; never alter the original matter of manuscript when correcting the proofs. When you fnd the
error, make two marks: one within the text in the exact place whree the correction is to be made and second in the side to the
line in which the error occurs with a proper sequence. Thus, both the mark tell to operator what to do. (See International Proof
Reading Symbol Chart)
For more than one correction in the single line,mark the corrections from left to right in the nearest margin. Never try to
squeeze corrections between the printed lines.
Proof reader are supposed to follow the original manuscript copy and do not make any changes on his own. Rather the dis-
crepancies may be queried to author.
It is imperative that the person should be familiar with all the proofreading markings before starting proof reading work. Beside
this he/she should have a fair knowledge about the job style, specifcations and other requirement of publisher. Pica/E-scale,
pen/pencil are the essentials tools require for proofreading.
Before commencing the job, ensure all necessary materials are available. This include the manuscript, galleys and specifca-
tions, which should be complete in all respects. Have a quick glance through the galleys/manuscript to see if there is any page
missing. Also, check for obvious blown, fogged or overprinted which is not in the visible condition so that you will not face the
problem in mean time of proof reading.
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InternationalProofReadingsymbolChart
T TechBooks echBooks Quark Documents Quark Documents
24
...contd. on page 30
32 typesettingrulesandregulations
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InternationalProofReadingsymbolChart(continued)
T TechBooks echBooks Quark Documents Quark Documents
30
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 33
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specimanCopyofPageafterProofng
9
Figure 2 Portion of a corrected galley.
34 typesettingrulesandregulations
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InternationalCopyeditingsymbolChart
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 35
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BadBreaks
When a word, line, para or page break is not correct and general typesetting rules are not followed, it means there area bad breaks.
CommonBadBreaks(trytoavoid)
1 Orphan line: First line of a paragraph set alone at the end of a page is Orphan line
2 Widow line: Less than 2 lines at the top of the page is not allowed except for any line enditng with a colon and followed by
list or equation.
3 Orphan word: Less than fve charaters, including punctuation at the end of paragrpah is Orphan.
4 River: White space between words as a column in consecutive lines that looks like a river of white space, which is also
known as Pigion Hole. This is generally not allowed.
5. Dont hyphen already hyphenated word.
6. More than two same words or three same characters in consequtive lines in a paragraph is not allowed.
7. Dont break line before the punctuation. (break line after punctuation always)
8. Never divide units/short abbreviations from its related number. e.g.: 750 ft., 100 m.
9. Never break function from its arguments. e.g.: sin x, cos x.
10 Never break before solidus (slash; /). Break after the solidus and never set hyphen after breaking the solidus.
11 Never break displayed equaiton (DE) after the math operator sign. Break DE before operators and set turnover lines fush left.
12. Never break inline equaiton before the math operator sign. Break text equation after these signs and set turnover line fush left.
13 Wrong word break should be avioded. Follow Websters or any other standard word break dictionary for ensuring correct
word breakin.g
14. Dont break words with less than fve characters. Break after minimum two characters and carry over minimum three
characters or a word.
15. Dont break the names of person, initials, rank and degree.
16. Dont set text list numberr/letter alone at the end of line.
17. Never break title, headings. Not use hyphenate in them.
18. Dont set clash characters, add kerning there.
19. Avoid too loose line when lines show more than En space between words.
20. Avoid too tight line when lines show less than thin space between words.
21. Dont allow hyphenation in ragged setting (R/R or R/L) unless required by specifcations.
22. Dont set more than three pica ragged line in ragged setting.
PagingBadBreaks
23 Avoid hyphenation at the end of verso page. But never allow at the end of recto page.
24. Never allow hyphenation at the end of verso page if it is followed immediately by a full page Figure, Table or any other
fotting element.
25. Never set running head and folio on the opening page of the part/chapter/article. Set drop folio there if specifcation allow.
26. Dont set less than fve text lines on chapter opening page.
27. Dont set less than six text lines on the last page.
28. Dont set less than fve text lines below a full page Figure, Table, or Box.
29. Dont set less than three text lines below the H1 at the end of page.
30. Dont set less than two text lines below the H2 and all other inferior headings at the end of page.
31. Never adjust/squeeze space below the heading to adjust the page length.
32. Carding: Adding vertical space between lines and paragraph is not allowed, unless specifcation permist.
33. Kerning: Adding/Reducing too much (more than 13/23) space between characters it not allowed.
34. Consecutive spread should not vary by more than one line.
35. Never foat unnumbered fgures/tables. Place these elements exctly where shown on the manuscript.
36. Dont set any fotting element verticle if their width is above 2 pica more than text width (up to 2 pica is permissible). If
more than 2 pica than set wider fotting element horizontal/landscape or verticle/broad side of the page with drop folio
(remove running head in that condition).
36 typesettingrulesandregulations
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CHeCkLIstsfoRPRoDUCtIon(PRoofReADeR)
J.No./Name _________ JobTitle_________ JobLead _________ Component ________
GalleyProofngChecklist
Check Punctuation/Greek Characters

Check Math Style

Check FM/BM Style

Check Style of Flotting Elements

Responsible ___________ Date ___________


PagemakupProofng(PmP)Checklist
Job/MailFolderStudied

Talley Correction Carefully

Check Edit thoroughly

Check RH/Folio/DF thorouout

Check New page or Racto Opening

Check Blank Page (PO, CO, End)

Check Style against Sample

Check Placement of Flotting Elements

Check Citation of Flotting Elements

Check Art and Caption

Check Style of Heads, List, Boxes

Check Spread Alignment

Check Bad Breaks/Orphan/Widow

Check FM/BM Sequence and Style

Check & Update TOC from Final Pages

CheckZeroFieldAreaCarefully

Responsible ___________ Date ___________
QCChecklist
Job/MailFolderStudied

Check Edit Randomly

Check RH/Folio/DF Randomly

Check New page or Racto Opening

Check Blank Page (PO, CO, End)

Check Styles against Sample

Check Pagination

Check Citation of Flotting Elements

Check Art and Caption Randomly

Check Style/Spacing of Heads, List

Check Spread/Base Alignment

Check Bad Breaks/Orphan/Widow

Check FM/BM Sequence and Style

Check TOC

Create/Mark Queries

CheckZeroFieldAreaRandomly

Responsible ___________ Date ___________
Revision/ReviseChecklist
MailFolderStudied

Check Edit Carefully

Check Running Head/Folio/DF

Check Paging if Refow

Check Figure & Caption if Repaging

Inform client about Index if Repaging

Job/MailFolderStudied

Check MSP Sequence & Counting



Check Slug Line

Check Citation of Flotting Element

Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 37


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sameLookingCharacter
The characters which looks similar should be clearly indentifed, such as:
Cap bee (B) and Greek lc beta (b)
Greek lc epsilon (e) and Math element of symbol ()
Letter (i) and Greek lc Iota (i)
Letter Cap kay (K), lc kay (k), and Greek lc kappa (k)
Letter lc el (l) and numeral one (1)
Letter lc en (n) and Greek lc eta (h)
Letter cap oh (O), lc (o), Greek lc Omicron (o) and math zero (0)
Letters cap pee (P), lc (p) and Greek lc rho (r)
Letters cap tee (T), and Greek lc tau (t)
Letters lc you (u), and Greek lc mu (m)
Letters lc vee (v), and Greek lc upsilon (y), Greek lc nu (n)
Letter lc (w), and Greek lc omega (v)
Letter cap ex (X), lc ex (x), Greek lc chi (x) and Math times sign (3)
Greek cap Delta (D), Triangular (), and Nable sign ()
Greek cap Sigma (S) and Summation sign ()
Union sign () and letter capital you (U)
Proofreader must take care about these similar character.
5
fontmAnAGement
Overview
Using and Managing Fonts in Mac OS X
How to organize your font library
Which fonts are necessary to Mac OS X
Where Mac OS X stores system fonts
How to cleanup and organize your font library
The font activation hierarchy
Techniques to workaround font issues
5
Overview
This chapter contains detailed recommendations and instructions that can help you work effciently with fonts in OSX, confgure
your system to minimize font problems, enhance your workfow. It covers:
What font types can be used (type of fonts)
Where Mac OS X stores fonts
Which fonts are necessary to Mac OS X
How to organize your font library
The font activation hierarchy
How to cleanup and organize your font library
Techniques to workaround font issues
We presume that you have made the decision to use a professional font manager - like Suitcase. This font management tools are
an integral part of making sense of your font mess.
Whatfonttypescanbeused
1. Mac Postscript Type 1
2. Open Type font (.otf)
3. System or Data Fonts (.dfonts)
4. Multiple Master
(Only Mac OX X 10.2 or later)
If you use an unsupported font format, the system either not display or print the font in applications. The Font will be disa-
bled.
WheremacosXstoresthefonts
MacOSXProvidesMultipleLocationsforFontStorage
1. System Fonts: Location: System/Library/Fonts
2. Main Font Collection: Location: Library/Fonts
3. Network Fonts: Location: Network/Library/Fonts
4. Your Private Font Folder: Location: /Users/YourUserName/Library/Font
5. ApplicationsownFontFolder, such as Adobes InDesign Font Folder
6. Classics Fonts: Location: SystemFolder/Fonts
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WhichfontsarenecessarytomacosX
Below is the Chart which shows minimum and necessary fonts which need to run your system and application.
RequiredsystemfontsformacosXv10.4(tiger)
Type Fonts Locations
OS X System Domain Fonts Geneva.dfont
Keyboard.dfont
LastResort.dfont
Lucida Grande.dfont
Monaco.dfont
/System/Liabrary/Fonts
Classic System Domain Fonts Charcoal
Chicago
Geneva
Monaco
/System Folder/Fonts
RequiredInternationalfonts
Japanese Fons Hiragino Kaku Gothic Pro
W3 and W6
Hiragino Mincho Pro
AquaKana
Osaka and Osaka Mono
/System/Liabrary/Fonts
Traditional Chinese fonts LiHei Pro
Apple LiGothic Medium
Hei
/System/Liabrary/Fonts
Simplifed Chineses Fonts STXiHei
ST Heiti
/System/Liabrary/Fonts
Korean Font Apple Gothic Regular /System/Liabrary/Fonts
Arabic Font Geeza Pro Regular and Bold /System/Liabrary/Fonts
Remember: If you delete even a single font mentioned in this list either system or internatinal font, your system will not run. And you need
to re-boot your machine again. These are the minimum list of font to run the machine.
Remember: If you delete any fonts mentioned in Classic System Domain Fonts, which locate in /system folder/fonts, your classic
system will not work properly.
Beside This: When we install any application, these application place/copy fonts fles in special location. So ultimaetly when
you have a number of applications then you will have number of fonts also.
You need to manage these fonts in your system. To locate and manage these fonts:
1. Create a folder named Adobe Application Fonts within the Moved the System Font Folders folder.
2. Move all the fonts that you fnd in /Library/Application Support/Adobe/Fonts to your new folder, except the folder named
Reqrd and the fonts stored within this folder for future reference.
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6
manuallyCleaningUpYoursystemfontandApplicationfontfolders
In order to manually clean up your System Font and Application Font folders, it is necessary to remove all fonts that are not
absolutely essential for Mac OS X to operate.
tomanuallycleanupyoursystemfonts:
1. For Local Domain Fonts, create a folder called Library Fonts within the Moved from System Font Folders folder.
2. Move all fonts that you fnd in /Library/Fonts to your new Library Fonts folder.
3. For User Domain Fonts, create a folder called User Fonts within the Moved from System Font Folders.
4. Move all fonts that you fnd in /Users/[name]/Library/Fonts to your new User Fonts folder.
5. If you have a Classic System Folder, a system Folder that has an OS 9 icon at the root of your main hard disk, these fonts
must be moved. Create a folder called Classic Fonts within the Moved from System Font Folder folder.
Move all fonts that you fnd in /System Folder/Fonts to your new folder, except the following fonts:
Characoal
Chicago
Geneva
Monaco
TomoveSystemDomainFonts,youmustbeloggedintoMacOSXasauserwithAdministratorrights.If youarentsureyour
loginlevel,checktheAccountspageof thesystemPreferences.
6. Create a folder named System Domain Fonts folder in your Moved from System Fonts Folders folder.
7. Select all of the fonts in the /System/Library/Fonts folder except the following essential system fonts:
Geneva.dfont
Keyboard.dfont
LastResort.dfont
Lucida Grande.dfont
Monaco.dfont
8. Copy the selected fonts from the /System/Library/Fonts folder to your new System Domain Fonts folder.
9. Press Command+Delete to remove the selected fles from the System Folder. At the prompt, enter your Mac OSX Administrator
Password and click OK.
6
CoDInG
Overview
6.1 QuarkXpress Coding
6.2 InDesign Coding
Overview
In this chapter we will discuss about:
1. What is coding
2. How can we do the coding
3. Benefts of Coding
Here we are going to learn about Coding for QuarkXpress/InDesignCS2.
Beneftof Coding
1. -~(+;coding +text+;+ QuarkXpress templete~Place +-((;;-bold, italic, n-dash, m-dash etc.+;++
+-+Find Replace +-+;:;;+lengthy process )
2. coding +,;-;~+;~+;Distribution ;;++-+(+;++spcilisation ;;(+;~~;<;;;)
3Word +;Find Replace QuarkXpress +(+;~((;<;advance )
RememberduringCoding
1. -coding ~+;,;tag;QuarkXpress templete~+(;+;~+;tag +;(+;;;-+normal style
+confgration (;)
2. <, > and @ symbol +coding (+-+;+;+QuarkXpress coding ,++;as a character +;+-as a command
(;)
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QuarkXpressCoding
In QuarkXpress there are two type of Coding:
1. Xpress Coding 2. X-tag Coding
X-PressCoding(simpleCoding)
Its very easy coding. We dont require any third party extension for this. In Xpress coding we do the coding for following:
CodingforParagraphstyle
@TX: There is no need to close paragraph style. Up to next style it will cover all text as TX.
Remember: This is not case-sesative
CodingforCharacterstyle
<@StyleName> For Starting e.g. <@TN>
<@$p> For Closing any character style
<@TN>Table 2.1<@$p> you will have to closeup the character style by using <@#p> otherwise character style will used up
to last of fle.
CodingforformattingandspecialCharacter
See the below chart for Formating the text and Special Characters
Character Formatting Codes
Wehn these codes comes frst time theyre encoun-
tered, the format is activated. The second time, the
format is deactivated. e.g.: <B>^&<B>
Special Character Codes
These tag takes place of particular word.
e.g. if n-dash is coming in the fle then n-dash will replace with <\#208>.
So we can say these tags works like character.
Plain <P> Bold <B> @ <\@> En dash <\#208>
Italic <I> Superior <V> \ <\\> Em dash <\#209>
Shadow <S> Underline <U> < <\<> Open double quotes <\#210>
Word underline <W> Strikethrough </> non-breaking hyphen <\!-> Close double quotes <\#211>
All caps <K> Small caps <H> Normal hyphen <\-> Open single quote/apostrophe <\#212>
Superscript <+> Subscript <-> En space <\f> Close single quote/apostrophe <\#213>
For Formatting and Special Character we have the freeextentionfor word named ETKPlus.dot. You can download this from
http://www.editorium.com/14857.htm.
Codingforfonts
Sometimes we found the character in word fle e.g.: 1 2 3 4 and other mathematical character of symbols. If we do convert
them in QuarkXpress, it may be a very length process so we code these character in word fle.
<fFontName>character<f$>
for example
1 <fMathematical Pi 1>1<f$> a <fMathematical Pi 1>a<f$>
CodingforIndex
-~author indexing mark +,word or text fle provide +-(;(;~word fle +(;-~index entries extract
+-+(+index coding ;();~+;;);;++complecated coding -,+;+++(+saving
;(,+;;++;--;;(;)
The Xpress Tags for indexing let you insert index markers at the text insertion point or specify ranges of text to be indexed.
In coming chapters we will learn about this coding.
46 typesettingrulesandregulations
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QuarkXtagsCoding
This is the third part x-tension called, Xtags. After install this extension, you can see an additional
option in File Menu, Get Text with Xtags
Procedureof X-tagcoding
,~~+ x-tag table defne+-()
In coming chapters we will learn about this X-tag coding.
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 47
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InDesignCoding
PlacingDirectlytagedWordfile(.doc)
First we wil talk about word fle. If we are importing any word
document in Indisign then InDesign gives the facility to mapping
the style there with templete. Just see the below arts:
1. Here we are just importing any .doc fle named "unit 10
edited.doc"
2. Now see second art. In bottom there is an option named
"Customize Style Import (Style Mapping). If you just click
here you will see third art
3. In third art there is a comparision between MS Word Styles
vs. InDesign Style. Now you match the style as per your
requirement.
4. InDesign automatically convert word formating into the
InDesign.
This procedure is beneftial only if client has used tagging and
formating in word fle and we have to just match them with our
InDesign Templete.
PlacingCodedtextfile(.txt)
If client has not provided tagging word fle then it is much beneftial for us to follow the procedure of Coding. This is not only
save the time but also save out cost.
Remember:
1. In InDesign coding is case-sesative. If we give wrong tag naming then InDesign use No Style. Although This is beneftial that
InDesign does not create new style automatically.
2. When you completed your coding in word fle. Save that fle into text fle and paste these two lines on the top of text fle. If
you are working in InDesign CS 2 means version 4 then:
<ASCII-MAC>
<vsn:4>
If you are working in InDesign CS means version 3 then:
<ASCII-MAC>
<vsn:3>
4S typesettingrulesandregulations
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CodingforParagraphstyle
<pstyle:TX> There is no need to close paragraph style. Up to next style it will cover all text as TX.
CodingforCharacterstyle
<cstyle:bold> For Starting Character Style
<cstyle:> For Closing Character Style
<cstyle:bold>^&<cstyle:> you will have to closeup the character style by using <cstyle:> otherwise character style will used
up to last of fle.
CodingforformattingandspecialCharacter
See the below chart for Formating the text and Special Characters
Character Formatting Codes Special Character Codes
Bold <ct:Bold>^&<ct:> < and > {lt} and {gt}
Italic <ct:Italic>^&<ct:> En space <0x2002>
Superscript <cp:Superscript>^&<cp:> Em space <0x2003>
Subscript <cp:Subscript>^&<cp:> En dash <0x2013>
Underline <cu:1> ^&<cu:> Em dash <0x2014>
All caps <ccase:All Caps>^& <ccase:> After placing fle into InDesign, convert
{lt}, {gt} into proper symbol by using
fnd replace command.
Small caps <ccase:Small Caps>^& <ccase:>
Remember:
For formating, we dont use above mentioned coding. We create seprate character style for each formating and do the character
style coding in word fle. Generally we use standard InDesign macro for formating text and special character code.
CodingforIndesignCs2footnotes
Yettocreate....
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50 typesettingrulesandregulations
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7
7
XmLinInDesignCs2
Overview
7.1 XML Structure
7.1 Import XML tags
7.2 Apply XML tags
7.3 Mapping tags and styles
7.4 Use the Structure pane
7.5 Import XML
7.6 Export XML
7.7 Troubleshooting
Overview
Fist of all remember that to use the XML features of InDesign CS2, you do not need extensive XML knowledge.
,+~InDesing~XML+work procedure+;~,~XML+basic minimum;++;-;+;),~+
+;~+;~,+~+;+~<<~)
So frst of all we will learn the entire XML Structure.
XmLstructure
<?xml version=1.0 encoding=UTF-8?>
<!DOCTYPE book SYSTEM docdtd.dtd>
<?xml-stylesheet type=text/xsl href=food.xsl?>
<!ENTITY ext1 SYSTEM isoamsn.ent>
<book>
<chapter>
<title id=chapter5>5</title>
<subtitle>Food</subtitle>
<para>We need food to stay healthy and grow strong. We eat
different kinds of food. They contain useful substances called nutrients.
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals are the main nutrients
present in our food.</para>
<para>Food is divided into three categories: energy- giving, body-
building and protective.</para>
<sect1>
<title>Energy-giving foods.</title>
<entry align=left valign=top>
<para>They give us heat and energy to work and play. They
also keep our skin and hair healthy. <emphasis role=bold>
Carbohydrates</emphasis> and are energy- giving nutrients.
x &#8808; 1200</para></entry>
<fgure>
<graphic fleref=images/junk food.jpg format=JPG
align=center/>
</fgure>
</sect1>
</chapter>
</book>
Root
Element
Child
Element
XmLDocument
A data object that is well-formed, according to the XML recommendation, and that might (or might not) be valid. The XML doc-
ument has a logical structure (composed of declarations, elements, comments, character references, and processing instruc-
tions) and a physical structure (composed of entities, starting with the root, or document entity).
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XmLVersionDeclarations
+; +;version use+;;-; ) (;(; +~ +document XML coded +; ;
It is the information for the application. XML documents start with an XML version declaration (XML declaration) which speci-
fes the version of XML being used.
It is suggested by the W3C specifcation. The XML declaration is a processing instruction that notifes the processing
agent that the following document has been marked up as an XML document. It will look something like the following:
<?xmlversion=1.0?>
The version declaration can also contain other information such as an encoding declaration or standalone declarations.
encodingDeclarations
Encoding Declarations inform the processor what kind of code the document uses (e.g. UFT8, which is the same character Set
as ASCII). All XML parsers must support 8-bit and 16-bit Unicode encoding corresponding to ASCII. However, XML parsers
may support a larger set. For a list of encoding types go to the XML Specifcation.
<?xmlversion=1.0?encoding=UTF-8?>
dtd(DocumenttypeDefnition)
,~ fle ~ use; + +; ;- tags well formed and systematically defne + ; ( )-XML fle ~ +; , ;tag use +;;(; ;
dtd ~ defne + (; XML verify/parse + ; ;( )
dtd in XML is a grammar that describes what tags and attributes are valid in an XML document that refers to the DTD, and in
what context the tags and attributes are valid.
In other words it is the markup declarations that describe a grammar for a class of documents. The DTD is declared
within the document type declaration production of the XML fle. The markup declarations can be in an external subset (a
special kind of external entity), in an internal subset directly within the XML fle, or both. The DTD for a document consists
of both subsets taken together.
XmLdtdDeclaration
dtd fle +;+;~;;;(; ;+fle+; call +;;(; )
<!DOCTYPEbookSYSTEMdocdtd.dtd>
XsL(extensiblestylesheetLanguage)
+;-~+;,style sheet (+;(;-according to the job +confgration set +-((-XSL XML coding document +;
style set +-();+<-;<;~XSL XML +style sheet)XSL is a way of applying transformations and formatting
to XML documents.
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XsLDeclaration
XML coding document ~ top ~ ;+ +; lineXML document+ XSL fle+; call/read+-( )
food.xsl
<?xmlversion=1.0encoding=UTF-8?>
<xsl:stylesheet version=1.0 xmlns:xsl=http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform xmlns:
fo=http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Format>
<xsl:templatematch=/>
<xsl:apply-templates/>
</xsl:template>
<xsl:templatematch=*>
<xsl:apply-templates/>
</xsl:template>
<html>
<bodystyle=margin:3%17%3%17%;font:normal1emMyriadRoman;>
<xsl:apply-templates/></body>
</html>
</xsl:template>
<xsl:templatematch=book/chapter/title>
XmLentity
The function of an XML entity is similar to that of a macro defnition.
Entity in XML is a virtual storage unit. It is often a separate fle, but may be a string or even a database record. In XML,
an entity declaration provides the ability to have constants or replacement strings, which are expanded by a pre-processor.
An entity declaration maps some token to a replacement string. Later the token can be prefxed with the & character and
the replacement string is put in its place.
There are three things that might loosely be called entities in XML:
1. Internal entities function as typing shortcuts or macros.
2. External entities allow you to incorporate content from other fles.
3. Parameter entities, which can be internal or external, are only available within the internal and external subsets (the
DTD).
An XML parser reading this document will look for an external entity e.g.named isoamsn.ent and report an error if it doesnt
fnd it. If it does fnd a fle named that looks like this,
CodeforEntity Explanation
isoamsn.ent
<!ENTITYgne &#8809;> <!--U02269 /gneq N: greater, not equals -->
<!ENTITYgnE &#8809;> <!--U02269 /gneqq N: greater, not dbl equals -->
<!ENTITYgnsim &#8935;> <!--U022E7 /gnsim N: greater, not similar -->
<!ENTITYlnap &#10889;> <!--U02A89 /lnapprox N: less, not approximate -->
<!ENTITYlne &#8808;> <!--U02268 /lneq N: less, not equals -->
<!ENTITYlnE &#8808;> <!--U02268 /lneqq N: less, not double equals -->
<!ENTITYlnsim &#8934;> <!--U022E6 /lnsim N: less, not similar -->
<!ENTITYnap &#8777;> <!--U02249 /napprox N: not approximate -->
<!ENTITYncong &#8775;> <!--U02247 /ncong N: not congruent with -->
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Rootelement
Every XML document has one element that contains all other elements of the document. The root element is also called the
document element.
tags
Tags are text structures that mark the beginning and end of elements within the XML document. Tags are markup
characters.
Childelement
Child element is an element contained within another element. The element containing other elements is known as the parent
element.
<sect1>
<title>Energy-giving foods.</title>
<entry align=left valign=top>
<para>They give us heat and energy to work and play. They also keep our skin and hair healthy. <emphasis
role=bold>Carbohydrates</emphasis> and are energy- giving nutrients. x &#8808; 1200</para>
</entry>
<;-;+,coding~;<sec1> parent element+;child element<title>, <entry> )-(+;+<para>;+
<entry>+<-;-;,<para> <entry>+;child element+;;;-<entry>parent element.
Thus we see that any code can be child element or parent element both. If it containing other tag then those tags will be treated its child
element.
Attribute
An attribute is a property of an element. It is an additional information about a piece of data (element). Often attributes are
used to pass information about the element and hence can be said to provide metadata for the element.
An attributes is a value indicator (=) and the attribute value is specifed within the tag (i.e. <H3 align=center>). At-
tribute in XML is a name=value pair that can be placed in the start tag of an element. For XML, all values must be quoted
with single or double quotes.
Content
Content is all data between the start tag and end tag of an element. Content may be made up of markup characters and char-
acter data.
Unicode
is a standard for representing characters from languages around the world. Generally Entity fle contains unicode characters.
Valid
An XML document is valid if it conforms to the vocabulary specifed in a DTD or schema. In other words, an XML document
with an associated document type declaration that follows all the rules of that declaration is valid.
Wellformed
A well-formed XML document follows all the rules of the XML specifcation. But it is not necessarily valid according to an asso-
ciated document type declaration. A well-formed XML document does not necessarily include a DTD.
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;kfu vc rd ge le>s fd%
XML Coding+;best input text source fle~;+;;(;+;+XML coded datadifferent platform ;different packages/
software~(;-(;-change+;(;)+;+-(-text base ;(;+;,~;character,~manually set++;
;(;);-+;,~;client(;-(;-+source data +;:+++-+;;(;)+data+;multi-purpose use +-+;;(;)
1. XML File~ data+coding/tagging+;( ); <...> start; -</...> close; ( ) .
<para>Food is divided into three categories: energy- giving, body-building and protective.</para>
a. XML~ ; tagging+;( ,+tagging DTD fle~ well formed and serial wise defne; ( );+-;+;;+
XML~ tagging+; use+-+;;; DTD File~ defne+--; ; )+-+;+XML File Varify/Parse+;;(
);;(~error-;()
b. Simple Formatting e.g.: bold, italic, ctr, left, and Callout...+Attributes+coding+-+;().
<emphasis role=bold>...</emphasis>: for bold
<graphic fleref=images/junk food.jpg format=JPG align=center/> ... </graphic> : for calling graph
; (;(;+< + +; +close+ +main tag+; +;;(; )+~;~;Attributes+ ;close+ +;;(;
2. DTD FileXML coded fle+;well formed checked+;;(;)dtd fle ~;-tagging defne +,;()
3. XSL File+-+designing/fromating+;();+styling+;()
4. Entity +-;-special character+coding+;()Internal Entity;External Entity (Seprated File)<;+;
-~;+()
(~;-;;material
fromXmLPerson fromsetupPerson
XML Coded File DTD File XSL File Entity File Fonts Templete Sample File
;++~;+-(+;Material--;;+;;-;~;-;;+;;-~+(;-at least basic;++;-(;+(+--;(;
(~(~~,+InDesign CS2++;-XML+;support +-(;)
GettingstartedXmLwithInDesignCs2
~;+;;;;-;(-+coding +-((;;+;+-(;;+;(;(;;paragraph style, character style, formating
style, special character fonts... etc.+coding+-(+-fle+;InDesign~place+-()-+;,style coding~(
;(;InDesing~:+;)
(+)coding+;process~;;(;;coding person according to the templete styling +-+<(;;-(~coded
fle+;templete~place+;;(;(;+;;-style;(~+setting+-+;(fotting element like
tables and fgure(-+set+-+;()
;(;(;+<++;+normal coding person word fle ~+styles+coding+-(;;<;();+job to job
style naming change;()
(~;;:;;process change+-(;-+(++coding person;+;;+templete+;(+(++Fix
International Standard+;(coding+-+<(;)+(;;++templete~+;++;+style(+;+(;(
Standardisation XML Coding+;-File;+;+:;<(;)
;+(;+;XML Coded File;+)Now you will have to import the text into your XML fle.-;(;(;+<+
+;;(+;,XML Coded File+;++;-+InDesign Templete ~Place+-;)
step1: Open the templete after opening the fonts
(;templete open+-+structure pane open+-(;(;+;default Root element display ;-;;(;)(;+;++;(
step +;)
step2: Load DTD...
;job related dtd import+-;Root+-dtd display;;)
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step3: Import XML... Coded File
XML Coded File import+-(structure pane~XML style sheet top-add;;;-Root+<-;-element display
;;)
step4: Import the XML File into the layout
ImportingXmLfile
(;((;+XML Coded File;;;-;Coded File+~;;((File
Place) get++-;,;(),<;(-+;Place+;;+(;)
1. File Import XML: Simply Import the XML File
2. View Structure Show Structure: Then side~;Structure Pannel
;;+Right side ~;symbol ( )<;-;-click+;+;
Import XML...+;option<;;,<;;)Coded fle+;import+;;
+(;)
Now you can either manually layout XML content, or automate its layout by
importing it into a document that contains placeholder frames.
When you import an XML fle, InDesign initially places it into the
Structure Pane. If youve created placeholder frames (beofre importing
the XML Coded File), InDesign can also import the content into the frames
for you.
manualLayout
The most common method for importing XML into InDesign is to drag the
unplaced content from the Structure pane into frames in your document.
This approach works well if you dont know the precise sequence of ele-
ments in the imported XML fle, if the type of content varies, or if you get
content from multiple sources.
AutomaticLayout
If you know the order of the elements in the XML fle you plan to import, you can create placeholder frames for the XML con-
tent. When you import the XML fle, InDesign merges the content into the placeholder frames automatically
n
;+;+;((;;;;;+XML Coding person;+;;+templete+;(+(++Fix International
Standard+;(coding+-+<(;)+(;;++templete~+;++;+style(+;+(;(Standardisation
XML Coding+;-File;+;+:;<(;)(;fle+;place+-+;++(;+;(;(;+((tag name
;+templete~(+;stylematch++-()
;+;(<;(-++;(;;-paragraph -+++-+mannuallystyle;;mapping+-)(+;
:(;mapping;(+;)
XML in InDesign Structure Pane XML Placed in Layout
Figure 8.1 Manual Importing the XML Coded File.
XML in InDesign Structure Pane XML Placed in Layout
Figure 8.1 Manual Importing the XML Coded File.
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Whatismapping
Mapping is a process in which you can replace the coded fles tag into InDesing style.
See the below image: (Window Tag Map Tag to Styles)
,image~ left side~ Tag; -right side ~ Style+list< -; ); Tag
~ XML coding person+ word fle~ ; tag use+ ++list ; -Style~ ;
setup person+ style(+; ++list )(;+; +-+; +;;+ + +Tag
vs Style +; :+ map+-; ),(-mapping+~<< ;+(;-~ ;-
styling+--(+ + ;-change+-+( ); -next fle+ ~;,mapping
setting +; save+-+ -;+( )
Mapping+-+ + ;+; +XML Coded File+ Indesign Sample+; study
+-+;; ;+~<< ;;+;; +coding person+ - +element+
+; ++; +;tag use+; )(~;; +templete+ ;( map+-;;; )
;~;(.Mapping XML fle+; templete+ <-drag+-+ +-+;)
ParagraphandCharacterstyleAttributes
;+;+; ~;(+(;;+;paragraph styles +; mapping + ,;-;match+-;+( )-( ;typefaces and typestyles
+; + map+-; XML Coding~ - +typefaces+-; +; bold, italic, superscript ;+; , ; -type+; (+ +(-+
coding+;( ) .<emphasis role=bold> ... </emphasis> ; <emphasis role=italic> ... </emphasis>
((;+Indesign File~ XML File Import+-+ mapping+-+ ( ; (; ;+; -typeface/typestyle+ + +
tag emphasis~(; )(;+;+-;
,+ XML File~ ;+; additional character style coding+-+; ( )+; + .
For text formatting, you use the aid:pstyle and aid:cstyle attributes to specify paragraph and character styles, respectively. The
following example shows these attributes:
Recieved XML Coded File Alteration in XML Coded File
<?xml version=1.0 encoding=UTF-8 ?>
<!DOCTYPE Recipe SYSTEM food.dtd>
<root>
<para>They give us heat and energy to work and play. They also keep our skin
and hair healthy. <emphasis role=bold>Carbohydrates</emphasis> and are
energy- giving nutrients. x &#8808; 1200</para></entry>
</root>
<?xml version=1.0 encoding=UTF-8 ?>
<!DOCTYPE Recipe SYSTEM food.dtd>
<root xmlns:aid=http://ns.adobe.com/AdobeInDesign/4.0/>
<para aid:pstyle=tx>They give us heat and energy to work and play. They also
keep our skin and hair healthy. <emphasis aid:cstyle=bold>Carbohydrates</
emphasis> and are energy- giving nutrients. x &#8808; 1200</para></entry>
</root>
tablesAttributes
, +;-Tables + ~;XML File~ ;+; additional table style coding+-+; ( )(;+(;xml fle layout ~ drag +- ;+; (+(+;,
table ~+ )
Attribute Value Description
table table
cell
Specifies a table-type element. A value of table indicates the container tABLe element;
A value of cell indicates a cell element.
trows Numeric Specifies the number of RoWsin the table. Used only in the Table element.
tcols Numeric Specifies the number of CoLUmns in the table. Used only in the Table element.
theader Empty If present, the theader attribute indicates that the current cell is part of a tABLeHeADeRrow.
crows Numeric Specifies how many RoWsthe CURRentCeLLsPAns. The default is 1.
ccols Numeric Specifies how many CoLUmnsthe CURRentCeLLsPAns. The default is 1.
ccolwidth Numeric Specifies the WIDtH, in points, of the CURRentCeLL.
tfooter Empty If present, the tfooter attribute indicates that the current cell is part of a tABLefooteRrow.
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Here is an example of table.
tableHeader1 tableHeader2 tableHeader3 tableHeader4
A B C D
E straddles two columns F G
H I
J straddles two rows
K
L M N
Table footer
The XML code for the table is shown below:
<Table xmlns:aid=http://ns.adobe.com/AdobeInDesign/4.0/ aid:table=table aid:trows=6 aid:tcols=4>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:theader= aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1>Table header 1</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:theader= aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1>Table header 2</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:theader= aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>Table header 3</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:theader= aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>Table header 4</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid: ccolwidth=130>A</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=59>B</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>C</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>D</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=2>E straddles two columns</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>F</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>G</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>H</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=59>I</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=2 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>J straddles two rows</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>K</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>L</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=59>M</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>N</Cell>
<Cell aid:table=cell aid:tfooter= aid:crows=1 aid:ccols=1 aid:ccolwidth=130>Table footer</Cell>
</Table>
Understand/LearntheothertermsofInDesignXmL
InDesign lets you import and layout XML content, as well as export documents to XML. Because
the hierarchy and order of elements is so important in XML fles, you will use the Structure pane
and Tags palette frequently when working with XML content. The Structure pane displays all the
elements within the document and their hierarchy. To help you identify the elements, InDesign
displays the element tag and icons that represent dierent types of content, such as text or graph-
ics. In addition, it can display the frst words of any text within an element, called a text snippet.
The Structure Pane lets you view, edit, and manage your XML elements. You use the Structure
pane in many ways when working with XML. For example:
1. to place imported XML content into the layout, you can drag elements from the Structure
pane directly to a page.
2. When you apply tags to content, you use the Structure pane to adjust the hierarchy of the
elements.
3. You can add elements, attributes, comments, and processing instructions.
The aid:trows and aid:tcols
attributes specify the number of
rows and columns in the table.
The empty aid:theader attribute
indicates a heading cell. Footing
cells use a similar aid:tfooter
attribute. Regular table cells do
not have an attribute to indicate
what type they are.
The aid:ccols attribute indicates
that the current cell spans the
specified number of columns. The
default, 1, indicates no column
spanning. The aid:crows attribute
indicates row spanning.
The aid:trows and aid:tcols
attributes specify the number of
rows and columns in the table.
The empty aid:theader attribute
indicates a heading cell. Footing
cells use a similar aid:tfooter
attribute. Regular table cells do
not have an attribute to indicate
what type they are.
The aid:ccols attribute indicates
that the current cell spans the
specified number of columns. The
default, 1, indicates no column
spanning. The aid:crows attribute
indicates row spanning.
A B C D
A. Triangles to expand or
collapse elements
B. Element (placed in layout)
C. Element (not placed in layout)
D. Text snippet
A B C D
A. Triangles to expand or
collapse elements
B. Element (placed in layout)
C. Element (not placed in layout)
D. Text snippet
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The Tags Palette lists tags for each element in a document. You can import, export, add, delete, and rename tags. You use the
Tags palette to apply element tags to content that you plan to export to XML. You can also use it to tag frames before importing
XML into them.
UnderstandthestructuringPane
The Structure pane displays a hierarchical tree of tagged page items and imported XML content. Items that appear in the
Structure pane are called elements. At a glance, the Structure pane shows which elements have been placed on the page and
which have not (a blue diamond on an element icon indicates that the element is attached to a page item). You select and move
elements in the Structure pane to defne the sequence and hierarchy of page items in the exported XML fle.
Structure Pane Icons with Its Name and Functions
When a tagged page item is selected in the document layout, the corresponding item is underlined in the Structure pane. The
following icons appear in the Structure pane:
Icon name Use
structuralelement Each document includes only one root element, which can be renamed, but cannotbe
moved or delet ed.Other structural elements are used to organize the elements listed
below.
storyelement Represents tagged stories (one or more linked frames).
textelement Represents XML-tagged text within aframe.
Graphicelement Represents a tagged frame that includes a placed image. Each graphic element includes
an href attribute that defines the path or URL to the linked file.
Unplacedtextelement Unplaced text element not yet associatedwitha page item in the document layout.
UnplacedGraphicelement Unplaced graphic element not yet associated with a page item in the document
layout.
tableelement Represents a table.
HeaderCellelement Represents a cell in the header row of a table.
BodyCellelement Represents a cell within the body of a table.
footerCellelement Represents a cell in the footer row of a table.
emptyelement An empty frame is associated with this element.
Attribute Includesmetadata, such as keywords or location of a linked image (HREF attribute).
Attributes are meaningful in XML but do not appear in the InDesign document itself.
Comment Includes comments that appear in the XML file, but not the InDesign document.
ProcessingInstruction Includes an instruction that triggers anaction in applications that can read processing
instructions.
Doctypeelement Tells InDesign which DTD file to use when validating the XML file.
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To Use The Structure Pane
To view the Structure pane, choose View Structure Show Structure.
To expand or collapse an element, click the triangle next to the element you want to expand or collapse.
To expand or contract an element as well as all elements contained within it, hold down Command Key while clicking the
triangle next to the element.
To show or hide text snippets, choose Show Text Snippets or Hide Text Snippets from the Structure pane menu. Showing or
hiding text snippets sets the default for any new document you create.
To resize the Structure pane, drag the splitter button (at the bottom of the document window) left or right.
To open the Structure pane to the last saved width, or to close the Structure pane if its open, click the splitter button at the
bottom of the document window.
To Rearrange Elements
You can rearrange the order of elements in the Structure pane. The root element must remain at the top of the structure.
Only the DTD(appearing as aDOCTYPE element), comments, or processing instructions can appear above the root element.
You cannot move or delete the root element or the DOCTYPE element. In addition, you cannot drag table cell elements or drop
elements into a table element.
Changing the hierarchy affects the structure of exported XML fles. If you move a text element to make it the child of an
element elsewhere in the structure, the text in the layout also moves.
IntheStructurepane,youcandothefollowing:
To move an element, drag it to a new location within the structure tree. A line appears when you drag to indicate where
you are inserting the element. The width of the line marks the level within the hierarchy.
To make an element a child of another element, either position it over the parent element to highlight it or place it amongst
the parents other child elements, and then release the mouse button.
To move an element out a level in the hierarchy, drag it just above another parent element and move to the left slightly
until the line indicating its
placement spans the width
of the parent element.
To copy or cut an element,
select the element or
elements in the Structure
pane, and then choose
Edit Copy or Edit Cut.
Select the element directly
above where you want to
insert the element, and
choose EditPaste.
Note: When you cut an element,
the element and contents are
cut to the clipboard, but the
frame remains intact.
ViewingXmLtags
To help you manage XML tags
in an InDesign fle, you can set
up the fle to show tags. In the
main document window, tags
appear as colored brackets. In
the Story Editor, the entire tag
name appears. To display XML
tags, choose View Structure
ShowTagMarkers.
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toshoworHidetaggedframesortagmarkers
You can display tagged frames in color or display colored brackets around
tagged text. The tag color determines the color of the frame or bracket.
To display tagged frames in color, choose
ViewStructureShowTaggedFrames.
To hide the color-coding of tagged frames, choose
ViewStructureHideTaggedFrames.
To display color brackets around tagged text, choose
ViewStructure ShowTagMarkers.
To hide color brackets around tagged text, choose
ViewStructureHideTagMarkers.
To minimize the risk of accidentally deleting a tag marker, edit tagged text
in Story Editor, where tag markers are more visible.
Note: If you choose TypeShowHiddenCharacters, markers for returns, index entries, and hyperlinks will appear.
toValidateXmLstructure
When you validate the XML in a document, InDesign compares the struc-
ture, element tag names, and attributes against the DTD you loaded. InDesign
alerts you if the XML deviates from the DTD, and suggest the ways to fx
the XML to match the DTD requirements. You can fx errors one at a time
or view all errors at once in a separate window.
A. Loaded DTD
B. Error or invalidating condition
C. Description of error with suggested fx
D. Error count
E. Validate button
F. View all errors at once in a separate window
Elements appear in the Structure pane (left);
markers surround tagged text (right).
A
B
C
D E F
8
8
YoRksX-tABLe
Overview
About Table
8.1 X-Tables Seven Styles of Tables
8.2 Advance Feature
8.3 Tips on Technique
Overview
YORKs XTable is a professional table composition enhancement available for QuarkXPress. Since XTable is a QuarkXTension,
you can take advantage of all the functionality available in QuarkXPress when you use it to set type that is destined to be made
into a table. When you are ready to build a table, you will use standard dialogs and menus to specify the tables parameters.
XTable will fgure tab stops, indentions and so on to compose the table to your specifcations..
WhatCanIDowithXTable?
XTable contains a wealth of practical features that enable you to:
Control column and gutter widths.
Set straddle heads and control how they are positioned over the columns they straddle.
Automatically align horizontal paragraph rules with type.
Specify text alignment in columns, and align type on special points within each of the columns.
Change the positioning in the column of any data in the tableoperations are allowed on any cell, line, or column.
WhatIsaTable?
A table is a collection of information logically organized in rows and columns usually according to content. Using composition
software, you can make this information more attractive, readable, and understandable.
YORKs XTable allows you to format your information in any one of seven basic styles. There are variations on most of
these styles that give you complete control over your tables appearance.
Elementsof Tables
Rows Horizontal arrangements of characters in straight lines. We will generally use the terms row and line
interchangeably.
Column Area containing type that runs vertically on the page. Columns are separated from one another by white space or
by white space and vertical rules.
Gutter This term is usually used to refer to the white space between two facing pages in a book. In table composition,
however, we use the word gutter to mean the white space between two adjacent columns.
Inside Gutter Any gutter that falls after the frst column and before the last column.
Outside Gutter There are exactly two per tablethe one that falls before the frst column and the one that comes after the
last column.
Head Word or words at the top of the column which categorize the data in the column.
Straddle Head A head that is placed over more than one of the columns in the table, separate from the table title or main
head.
Straddle Rule A rule that spans more than one column in the table. They usually run from the lefthand edge of one
column to the right-hand edge of another.
Quadding The procedure of setting white space to fll out the end of a typeset line. Quadding space is placed on either
side of a centered line, the right-hand end of a fush left line, or the left-hand end of a fush right line. The term evolved
from quadrat which referred to a piece of lead one en or more in width. An en space is a space with a width equal to one-
half the current point size. In 10 point type, it would be a space fve points wide; in 12 point type, a space six points wide,
and so on.
Text Line A patch of type set inside the table body which is neither in any one column nor a straddle head.
Alignment Point A character in a column which, if present in the column when XTable typesets the table, will be in the
same position with respect to the left-hand edge of the column for all lines in that column.
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Xtablessevenstylesoftables
At YORK, we have found that practically any table will fall into one of seven distinct classes. We have incorporated these classes
into the way XTable works and called them styles (not style sheets) in order to automate the process of specifying the format
for tables. This should speed your work and make using the program more convenient.
styleA
This is the style most commonly used to set tables that
will have vertical rules. That is because after determin-
ing the column and gutter widths, XTable puts a space
equal to one-half the inside gutter width in front of
the frst column and after the last column. When you
subsequently draw vertical rules that are fush left and
right on the measure, the white space around those
rules will be equal to the white space around the rules
in the tables inside gutters.
;++tables~vertical rule:;+;;(;+;~Xtable+Style A+;use+-()+;+,+;+++;~+(+;-
equal;(;(+;-;;-+;~+text+<;+;(-+equal space;++~;(;++;~+(-;set;(;)
styleB
This is the style you will probably use most, since it
affords you the greatest fexibility and control over
composition issues such as gutter and column widths.
Style B table is typeset to fll the measure. The type
in the frst column will be fush left and the widest
item in the last column will be fush right, with the
rest of the type aligning on that widest item.
But Style B offers much more. Using it, you can
specify gutter widths for the outside gutters, for the inside gutters, or both. In fact, Style B is the only style that allows fxed
gutters both inside and outside the body of the table. If you instruct XTable to set a Style B table to a width of 30 picas with
fxed outside gutters of 3 picas, the program will compute the correct gutter size for the gutters inside the table to force the
table to set to 30 picas. Conversely, if you ask XTable for fxed inside gutters each 3 picas wide, the type in the frst column
will come out fush left, and each inside gutter will be 3 picas wide. In this case, there isnt much for the program to do other
than determine where to set the tab stops so that you will get gutters the specifed width and warn you of an overset error
should one occur. Finally, if you specify amounts for both inside and outside gutters, the effect is the same as setting a Style
B table with fxed inside gutters and a paragraph indent applied to the range of text that makes up the table. There are even
more ways to manipulate a Style B table, such as using XTables Add Remainder command, but these advanced features are
thoroughly explained later in this chapter.
styleC
You will want to use this style when you
need to center a table in a specifed measure.
Typically, you specify the widths of the inside
gutters, and XTable will compute left and right
paragraph indents and tab stops to center the
entire table and set any paragraph rules fush
left and right on the type. Alternately, you can
ask XTable to set your Style C table with fxed
outside gutters, and the program will compute
the correct width for the inside gutters to set
the table to your specifcation.
Style C tables are frequently used in-line in text columns. Using them this way tends to give greater visual emphasis to
the table.
66 typesettingrulesandregulations
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stylesDande
The main feature of both these styles is the automatic computation of gutter space. The entire table is set fush on one of the
margins. As XTable determines the inside gutter space, it leaves room for a space equal to one-half that space and puts that
space at the other margin. You cannot specify gutter widths when using these styles.
stylef
This style is normally set fush right. In that sense, it
is rather like a Style D table, except you can use fxed
inside gutters. Since this style uses fxed gutters, it
allows you to employ some of XTables advanced fea-
tures, such as Add Remainder. In the example that
follows, we show this feature for the frst time. We
instructed the program to set the inside gutters to
18 points. We then used the Add Remainder command to add a maximum of 12 points to the gutter following the frst
column and 12 points to the gutter preceding the last column. This sets off the three columns in the center. Since the table
did not overset when the maximum was added to the gutters we specifed as Add Remainder gutters, XTable puts in the
maximum for each. Our tables gutter widths are 30181830 points. Had the table reached its maximum width of 27
picas while the program was spreading the gutters after columns one and four, XTable would have adjusted the amounts
added to the fexible gutters.
styleG
When you use this style, XTable sets all columns to the
width of the widest one. Gutter widths are computed by the
program; user-specifed gutter widths are not permitted.
The following example helps to make this clear. Note
that the type in the last column is not fush right on the
measure. The reason is that the program padded the frst
and last columns with blank space to make their widths
equal to the width of the widest (the second) column. To
differentiate Style G from similar styles, we set the same
table as a Style B (automatic gutters) table right below
the frst table and invite you to compare the two tables
appearance.
~;(+~+X-Table+;(;styles+;~,;+++;+
+condition~+;+;use+-+;;)(~X-table+(;++options+;~,)
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BuildingaBasictable
When you start QuarkXPress with YORKs XTable installed correctly, you will see the X-Tables menu item
appear on the main menu bar. In order for any of the items on the Tables menu to be active, you must have
a document open and the Content tool must be selected. For the Initial Typesetting item to be enabled, you
must have a range of text selected as well.
Now we come to the Ist option Initial Typesetting...
B
F
C
D
A
E
A. TargetWidth: + default -+ - ~--|| ~i current box ~(| ~i +|i+ i(+i box +i width ~|(i ~ + .-+ +-| space adjust +(|
~i +( |+ ,-- +|, value -+| |~ (| - -+( ~i - your text width is 30 pica and you need to set table within 15 pica
maximum. then you need to just give here 15p. Table will not occupy space more than 15p in any condition.
B. Style: We have already understood the role of style in X-table.
C. Gutter:AutomaticorFixed: |+ automatic setlect +( ~ (| inside and Outside Gutter off ~( ~i +|i+ i(+i box +i width
~|(i ~ + .-+ +-| space +| -| columns - adjust + -(| ~i +( Fixed + click +( ~ (| + -|+| option on ~| |( ~ + |+
++i -( + +-| gutter fx + -+( ~i
D. Gutter: Add Reminder: You can specify which gutters are Add Remainder and the how much amounts of space to
be added.
E. AddRemainder: Syntax is
Gutter:MaximumAdd,MinimumAdd;
where
Gutterstands for the gutter following column number,
MaximumAddis the largest amount of space the program should add to this gutter, and
MinimumAddis the smallest acceptable amount of space to add to this particular gutter. You can specify every gutter
in a table as a fexible gutter.
In the command string, the semicolon separates specifcations for each gutter.
Forexample:Assume you have select a table
Fixed Insie Gutter 5 p12
Add Reminder 5 1:1p,p6;2:0,0;3:1p,p0;
Means gutter between columns will be in frst gutter after frst column 5 p12 + (1p to p6): +|i+ space available ~| (|
p24 +~i ~| (| +- - +- p12 1 p6 5 p18 | ,(+| space -|i +~i i-| (| +~ error message - -|i ,-i ++| -- | (i-
gutter +| space -|i adjust ~| |+|i
F. Default Date Positioning: It fx the alignment of columns. You can specify the alignment of column by this option.
Whether you need to set columns left, Right or centre.
HowDoesAddReminderWork?
When XTable fgures the gutters in a table, it begins by setting each gutter to the amount of space specifed for fxed inside
gutters. Next, it adds to those amounts the minimum value specifed for each Add Remainder gutter. If the table has
reached its maximum width or is wider than the specifed measure, XTable stops and displays the table for you. Otherwise,
the program spreads each fexible gutter by the same amount until each one reaches its maximum value or the table
reaches its maximum width, whichever happens frst. This ensures that each gutters width is increased equally so that the
overall balance of white space is preserved.
6S typesettingrulesandregulations
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setstrddleHead
dlfdfdfkj
specifyAlignmentPoint
dlfdfdfkj
LineandColumnQuadding
dlfdfdfkj
tableVerticalRules
dlfdfdfkj
troubleshooting
Powermath/XPress math
Overview
9.1 Pi Character Procedure
9.2 Integral Procedure
9.3 Summation Procedure
9.4 Radical Procedure
9.5 Stack Limits
9.6 Macro Slector
9.7 Matrix
9.8 Division/Fractions
9.9 Case Fractions
9.10 Math Rules
9.11 Styles
9.12 Force Level
9.13 Stacking
9
Overview
PowerMath is a Quark XTension used for creating the math equations. ,+; + + Dongle/Hardware key ; ( ) Eve3
Key + +;~ ;+; ;(; ) (+; ,+ powermath demo mode ~ run +-(; ) Job ~ powermath use +-+; ; + client ((;(;
;+; project launch + ~ ( +; ;(; )
- + project ~ equations (( +~ (; ++; illustrator ~ (+; +; -; ;(; +;+ powermath + Costly Xtension )
+~; ~; + ~ ; +;;+;- (+; client permission + powermath use + +-+; ;)
PowerMath Superset and Version
Each PowerMath project needs its own Superset le, which is a job-specic preferences le. If a job uses PowerMath, the Superset must
be placed in Job Setup folder. The version of PowerMath to use must be listed in the Readme le in the same folder for knowledge of client.
PowerMath supersets cannot be renamed once used to create equations. This means a book may pick up a superset named with a previous
editions job code.
PowerMath Supersets should updated by only job lead.
Opening PowerMath Files
A le containing PowerMath equations cannot be opened without rst loading the XTension. Any version of PowerMath can be enabled to
allow you to simply open and view, edit text or print a document containing PowerMath, as long as you are not modifying the equations.
Disable PowerMath when Not In Use
The PowerMath XTension stays in your XTension off folder. Only enable it while you are actively using PowerMath in a project. The reason
is: The PowerMath XT cannot be removed from a le once attached (even accidentally), and the XTension will always need to be activated
to open the le. This is a problem if the job was not intended to use PowerMath.
Quark Memory
Increase Quarks application memory preferred Size to 50,000 to 100,000K while working in PowerMath to speed up the
screen redraw and help prevent crashes. Increase the Minimum Size to well over the 9000 K default.
Demo Mode
If the background of your equation editing window displays yellow on screen, you are in demo mode. You can practice inputting
equations in demo mode, but you will not be able to save your work in PowerMath.
Samples Take Precedence
Every PowerMath job includes a sample of typical math equations for client approval. Once these have been approved, both
desktop and proofreaders must follow the sample style. The math sample is included in the spec package for easy reference. If
a proofreader marks many equations to be modied, or always marks a particular change, stop and investigate before doing
a lot of manual changes that cannot easily be updated. Its possible the superset should be modied so all the changes are
quickly and consistently implemented.
Keys
=Command
=Shift
=Option
=Control
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1. Copy the jobs superset to your machine. Place it in the
appropriate PowerMath SuperSets folder, located in the
Preferences Folder in your System Folder. (PowerMath
automatically creates these folders.)
2. With the Content Tool, click in a
text box. Pull down the Utilities
menu and select PowerMath
Create Equation, or type *,
using the asterisk on the
keypad.
3. You will see a message about
missing fonts.
Click OK.
4. The PowerMath equation editing window will open.
But, before starting an equation, you need to load the
jobs Superset. In the upper left corner of this window,
PowerMath tells you which Superset is loaded. At this
point the Superset is Default.
5. Pull down the Supersets
menu, and select Load
Superset, or L.
6. In the window, highlight the corresponding Superset for
the job and click Select.
Powermath Production techniques
Quark style sheet Determines Base Point size
Before starting a PowerMath
equation, select the appropri-
ate style from the Quark Style
Sheets palette (generally it is
eq, for equation). The base
point size of your equation
will assume the size of whatever style is being used in Quark
at the text insertion point.
Powermath 4 Preferences
In PowerMath 4, the prefer-
ences need to be set up so the
Box Type is AutoCalc. This
means the descenders will
not be cut off in the display in
Quark, so you can now make
screen captures and PDF les
that include PowerMath.
Borders on Powermath Boxes
If your project contains equations within bordered boxes, do
not paste a framed box over the equation in Quark. Frames
should be done within PowerMath so the ruled box ows
along with the type.
This is a two-step process:
1. Build in extra space in the PowerMath anchored box so
the border rule will clear the type. Pull down Style
Equation Box... Change the Optical Pad Space from 0.0
to the space per specs plus the width of the frame. e.g.,
If the spec says add 6 points around the type and the
frame width is .5 point, enter 6.5 points in the eld. Also
make sure Box Type is set to AutoCalc.
2. Apply the frame to the PowerMath anchored box in
Quark. For example:
Getting started with Powermath
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Pi Character selector (J)
Pi Character dialogue box ~ ; ; character
(+; +( ) For example < ~ +; symbol
; (;.
Step1: Go to powermath menu by * (command
+ aestrick)
Step2: Now if you have any pre-dened power-
math superset, load that by pressing L
otherise create new superset by pressing
C.
Step3: Now go in the Pi character Selector
dialogue box by pressing J.
Step4: ( ; show palette - click
+- ) ; show palette - click +-
(; ;+ ;~+ colourful pi character chart
display
4 ; ; ;;)
Step5: This is called list of complete characters.
; (+ color + characters display ; -
) (Black, Red and Blue).
Black Character are already dened for
creating greek characters, special char-
acters like a, b, 2, 3, D, , ,
Red Character are already dened for
creating, Integral, Radical and summa-
tion like , ,
Blue Character are unmaped and avail-
able for mapping according to the user.
;+ < - ;<; ~ +; ; (; default superset
~ black and Red characters + congura-
tion already set ; ( ;+; + correct
font select +-+; ; (; ) ++; tag name,
offset, space left, right, scaling etc 2. (
default - set ; (; , - ;
; (; + job + + ;- modify +-
+( )
-( blue outline character + +; , con-
guration set + ; -; ; ( ) ;; ( ;-
conguration eld 2 ~ 0.0 ; (; )
r e me mb e r
In a single time you can see the 256 character and by changing Key (1,3,5,7), you
can see 256 3 4 5 1024 characters. Means in a single superset you can dene 1024
characters.
Step6: ( ~ +; + (+;+ + process - +; ;( ) ( +; + ~ (+;+; ; +; (; Greek Character ; + +;
+; , Summation, Integration or Radical. , ~ +; , ~; Blue character select +-+; ; ;) ; +; , ~; Blue
character select +-; Tag Field ~ pi.1. ; +; , ~; meaningless +;~ ; ;;)
Step7: Now Hide Palette.

4
3
2 Character
Configurations
Base line
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Step8: Click on Edit button. Now you will see that all the conguration option 2 has been activated. Now change the
Font Characol into Symbol and set all other preferences. ~+ symbol font , select +; +; + apple +;
symbol , font ~ ;(; ) ( ; Show Font - click +-+ required character select +- +( ; apple
+; symbol ; (; apple - click +- <) apple - click +-( Output Character ~ ; ; ;;)
Step9: ( ;- conguration set +- <)
Font: According to the character requirement, you will have to select the font. For example if you need to select
Mathematical Pi 1 for getting 1,2,3,4 or select MathPiOne italic for any greek charcter a, b, g or select
"ITC Zapf Dingbats for ,,.
Copyto: ??????
SetPalettePS:Set Palete Point Size. You can increase the point size of this palette by using this option.
InputCharacter: Which keyboard character is used for making the required symbol, sign or greek character etc.
i.e. 1 is input character for 1 and font will be Mathematical Pi 1.
OutputCharacter: Combination of Input character and font will be output charcter. i.e. 8 with MathPiOne
font 5 8. Here 8 (degree) will be output.
Key: In a single time you can see the 256 character only and by changing Key (1,3,5,7), you can see 256 3
4 5 1024 characters. Means in a single superset you can dene 1024 characters.
BaselineOffset: This is the same option as we have in quark i.e. base line shift. Means - ; character +;
base line + - ; + set +-+; ;( (; ,~ negative or positive value : ; ; +( ) +; + ~ base line
- ; , ; 0 - ;)
SpaceLeft/Right: This is the same option as we have in quark i.e. kerning. Means - ; character + left or
right space +; +~ ; ;<; +-+; ;( (; ,~ negative or positive ~ value : ; ; +( ) +; + + <; +; (-+
~ regular space ; , ; 0 - ;)
Horizontal/VerticleScale: This is the same option as we have in quark i.e. Scalehorizontal/vertical. Means -
; character size + height ; width +; +~ ; ;<; +-+; ; (; +- +( ) +; + ~ regular size ;
, ; scale 100.0/100.0 - ;) Horizontal and Vertical Scale must be 100% for all pi characters, so
that its must match with text pi characters.
Superior/InferiorIndexandLevel:These should be 0
Step10: Now give the name in the Tag Field 3 i.e. Apple click on Save then click on Get. Now your Pi character has
been created and powermath superset has been updated automatically.
So this was the process to create any new character by using BlueCharacter fromPi Character Pallete. By using same proc-
ess you can create any new character. But if you create any character by using BlackCharacterwhich are already dened for
creating greek characters, special characters like a, b, 2, 3, D, , , or RedCharacterwhich are already dened for creating
summation, Integration and Radicaton like , , then process is so simple.
; + ((;; ; + ,++ - conguration set ; ( ;+; + correct font ;;+; ; (; ) <;-; + -
;+; a (+;+; (; ;+; steps + ; .
Step1: Go to powermath menu by * (command + aestrick)
Step2: Now if you have any pre-dened powermath superset, load that by pressing L otherise create new superset by
pressing C.
Step3: Now go in the Pi character Selector dialogue box by pressing J.
Step4: Type alp.
Step5: Click on Edit button. Now you will see that all the congurations has already corrected by default. You just need
to change the font characol into Mathematical Pi 1.
Step6: Now click on Save then click on Get. Your Pi character has created and powermath superset has also updated.
t i p
short Command for getting any character from Pi character Dialogue box: Key (1,3,5,7) + Input Character
74 typesettingrulesandregulations
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auto remap
+ characters ; ( ; ~ ~ ;; + spacial font ~ ; ; ( =, + ~ ~ ;; math font ~
; ; ( ) characters + ~ pi character selector dialogue box ~ ,++; (+;( ~ Auto remap
on +- ( auto remap +-+ - ( ~; ~ powermath ~ = ; + type +-( (; automatically math
font ~ ;(; ) ;+ ~ (;-(;- Pi character selector dialogue box ~ ;+ + --( + : ()
auto Upsize start/end
According to the situation ~ + characters +; ; :; ; (: ; +; ; (; ) < ~ (x+y) ;+; (; parens ; : ; -( - ~
;+; (; paren (: ; ; ( ) condition ~ ( ~ small parens () (+;( (; opening peren ( (+;( ~ Auto Upsize
Start On +- ( ; - ( clsoing peren ) (+;( (; Auto Upsize End On +- ( ) ( ( ~; +; , equation ~ division
; ; (; parens + ; (: ; ; ) - ;+ - (: +; perens ;+ pi character selector dialogue box ~ (+ ; + ;)
, +;- < - character ~; (+; ;( (: Inegral, Summation, Radical etc. See another example:
These non-printable multicolor
rules indicates that auto upsize
start is activated for this
character (radical).
easy way to defne BIG Parens, Integral, summation and radical...
; + ((;; ; + powermath ~ ;- character default - (+ (+; ;( ;+; + ++; font change +-+; ; (; )
- (;( automatically big parens, integral, summation ; radical (+;+ +, (; (: ; ;;+ ) , ~ + <;-; ~,( .
~;+ ( ~ (: parens (+;+
Step1: When you are making the small opening (
and closing ( paren in pi character menu,
click on Auto remap on. , parens ~ ;;
mathematical font ~ ; ;
Step2: ( ( (+;( ~ Auto Upsize Start +; activate
+- < ) (;+ --( + ++( ;+; (: opening paren
~ + ) ++ + (;( +; ;+ - ; opening paren
(+;( ~ Auto Upsize End +; activate ~( +-+;)
Step3: ( ) (+;( ~ Auto Upsize End +; activate +- < ) (;+ --( + ++(
;+; (: closing paren ~ + ) ++ + (;( +; ;+ - ; closing
paren (+;( ~ Auto Upsize Start +; activate ~( +-+;)
Step4: ( ) (+;( ~ Auto Upsize End +; activate +- < ) (;+ --( + ++(
;+; (: closing paren ~ + ) ++ + (;( +; ;+ - ; closing
paren (+;( ~ Auto Upsize Start +; activate ~( +-+;)
Step5: ( ; Key 3 select +- ; - + Font Correct +- < ) ( ( ~; -
-( : powermath + ; +; paren use +- ;) ;+; is dialogue box ~ ;+ + --( + : )
Step6: , +;- ; Key (5,7) +; font ~; correct +- )

So this was the process of making big perens. Now by using same process you can excess big Summation, big Integral or Big
Radical. But if you forget to click Auto Upsize Start in opening and Auto Upsize End for closing, powermath will not work
automatically. Then in that case you will have to call these big character by using this Pi Character Selector dialogue box.
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Integral Procedure (J) (F+I)
~; +;- ~+ Pi Character dialogue box +;,
~; Character (+;+; ;; (-; , (;- ~ ,
Dialogue Box ; ; Integral Character (+;+;
;) ,~ + ~; +; + ) ;+; , (;- red ; blue
character select +-+; ) ; + ((;; ; ;; +
red characters are used for Integral, Summation and
Radical. Integral signs are mostly created in ISUIP
or ISUIP 2k font .
( +;+ ~ character (+;+; ; +
, ; ~ ++ options +; detail ~ ;
; + )
Step1: Type int in Tag eld/Select any Red Red-
ical Character from show palette
Step2: Edit
Step3: Font change Characol to ISUIP2k
Step4: Save it and Get it.
As we have discussed earlier that we need to use
correct font only, rest of the congurations are
pre-set in powermath.
But if you are going to create any new character like bigint, smallint etc., which may have not pre-dened by powermath pi
character. Then it will take more steps:
Step1: Show Palette
Step2: Select Blue character (not black)
Step3: Hide Palette
Step4: Edit
Step5: Change Font
Step6: Show Font
Step7: Select required Character
Step8: Hide Font
Step9: SetConfguration
BaselineOffset%: By using Baseline Offset, Integral sign can get down/up of base-
line. It is used for proper alignment and spacing between integral sign with upper
and lower limits (a and b).

SpaceLeft%:Space left effects the space between integral sign and text before integral sign.

SpaceRight%:Space Right effects the space between integral sign and limits.

76 typesettingrulesandregulations
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Horizontaland VerticalScale%: These effect the size of integral sign.

Step10: CharacterType:-Integral
MainCharacter Count: Repetation of character. Means - ;+; +
character 3 (;- ; (; ; 3 insert +- <) , +;- ; + character +;
+(+ ~; (;- repeat +- +( ) .

++ ; (;( ;+ <+ +; + options According to the Integral, Summation and Radical change ;( )
Levles: It disturb the position of both the limits. It should be 3 otherwise integral sign will not display properly.
These are used when you need to have a small integral sign.

LowerLimitKern: It disturb the position of lowwer limit. It should be set 3 otherwise lower limit will not set on
position properly.

LimitIndex: It also disturb the position of both the limits. These are preset conguration in the shape of index
for the position of limits.

Step11: SaveitandGetitinpowermath
t i p
Short Command for getting integral from Pi character Dialogue box: F + I
r e me mb e r
Powermath has its own hot commands, so always edit them as per job requirement. For example if you need to create the
integral sign then use hot command (F + I), then edit it as per need. If you make your own integral with using blue
character from palette
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summation Procedure (J)
( (+ ~ Pi Character dialogue box +;, ~;
Pi character ;- Integral Character (+;+; ; + )
( , (;- ~ , Dialogue Box ; ; Summation
Character (+;+; ;) , (+;+ +; (-+; ~; ~;
Integral (+;+ ; ) ;+; , (;- ~; red ; blue
character select +-+; ) ; + ((;; ; ;;
+ red characters are used for Integral, Summation
and Radical. Summation signs are mostly created in
ISUIP or ISUIP 2k font .
( +;+ ~ character (+;+; ; +
, ; ~ ++ options +; detail ~ ;
; + )
Step1: Type sum in Tag eld/Select any Red
Summation Character from show palette
Step2: Edit
Step3: Font change Characol to ISUIP2k
Step4: Save it and Get it.
As we have discussed earlier that we need to use
correct font only, rest of the congurations are
pre-set in powermath.
But if you are going to create any new character like bigsum, smallsum etc., which may have not pre-dened by powermath pi
character. Then it will take the following steps:
Step1: Show Palette
Step2: Select Blue character (not black)
Step3: Hide Palette
Step4: Edit
Step5: Change Font
Step6: Show Font
Step7: Select required Character (summation)
Step8: Hide Font
Step9: SetConfguration
BaselineOffset %: By using Baseline Offset, Summation sign can get down/up of baseline. It is used for proper
alignment and spacing between summation sign with upper and lower limits (a and b).

SpaceLeft%: Space left effects the space between summation sign and text before summation sign. - ;+ -
< ;+ (( ;<; amount :; 105 (; <;+; limits ~; ;)

SpaceRight%: Space Right effects the space between summation sign and text after summation sign. - ;+
- < ;+ (( ;<; amount :; 75 (; <;+; limits ~; ;)

78 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Planman
Horizontaland VerticalScale%: These effect the size of integral sign.

Step10: CharacterType:-Summation
MainCharacter Count: Repetation of character. Means - ;+; +
character 3 (;- ; (; ; 3 insert +- <) , +;- ; + character +;
+(+ ~; (;- repeat +- +( ) .

Levles: It disturbs the position of both the limits. It should be 3 otherwise summation sign will not display prop-
erly. These are used when you need to have a small summation sign.

LimitIndex: It also disturb the position of both the limits. These are preset conguration in the shape of index
for the position of limits.

Step11: SaveitandGetitinpowermath
set the position of limit(s)
By using Summation Selector (E), we can x the alignment of limits.
Step1: gotoSummationSelectorandchooselimitaligmentoption
Step2: nowgotoPiCharacterSector.SelectSummation
Step3 getitinpowermathwindow.
Different type of summation
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 79
Confidential --- Planman
radical Procedure (r)
( (+ ~ Pi Character dialogue box +;, ~;
Pi character, Integral Character ;- Summation
Character (+;+; ; + ) ( , (;- ~ ,
Dialogue Box ; ; Radical Character (+;+;
;) , (+;+ +; (-+; ~; ~; Integral and
Summation (+;+ ; ) ;+; , (;- ~; red ;
blue character select +-+; ) ; + ((;; ; ;;
+ red characters are used for Integral, Summation
and Radical. Summation signs are mostly created in
Rads or Rads2k font .
( +;+ ~ character (+;+; ; +
, ; ~ ++ options +; detail ~ ;
; + )
Step1: Type rad in Tag eld/Select any Red
Radical Character from show palette
Step2: Edit
Step3: Font change Characol to Rads2k
Step4: Save it and Get it.
As we have discussed earlier that we need to change correct only font. Rest of the congurations are pre-set in powermath.
But if you are going to create any new character which is not pre-dened by powermath pi character. Then it will take the
following steps:
Step1: Show Palette
Step2: Select Blue character (not black)
Step3: Hide Palette
Step4: Edit
Step5: Change Font
Step6: Show Font
Step7: Select required Character
Step8: Hide Font
Step9: SetConfguration
BaselineOffset%:By using Baseline Offset, Radical sign can get down/up of baseline.

SpaceLeft%:Space left effects the space between summation sign and text before summation sign.

SpaceRight%:Space Right effects the space between summation sign and summation rule.

Horizontaland VerticalScale%: These effect the size of summation sign.

80 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Planman
Step10: CharacterType:-Radical
RuleWeight: By this you can x the width of radical rule

RuleOffset: It moves the position of radical rule vertically. By using this option
you can set the proper alignment of radical sign and radical rule. It must be properly aligned.

RuleKern: It moves the position of radical rule horizontally. By using this option you butt the radical sign and
radical rule properly.

Step11: SaveitandGetitinpowermath
(; ( ~ +;, ~; Pi character (up to 1024) ;;+ (+; +( ) .
Greek character
Math Signs
Special Character like accent characterss
Integral Equations
Summation Equations
Radical Equations...etc
stack Limit: superior/Inferior selector (=)(L)
~;+ ; ;+; + , (- + equations ;+ .

, equation ~ ;; (;( + ; limit 1 ;<;
(;- + - - ; + ; - ) , stack
limits +; ;(; )
You can stack the limits by Stack Limit Procedure
in PowerMath. While inside a limit eld within the
summation or integral procedure you can use a com-
mand L which will automatically stack the limits
above (if you are in a top limit) or below (if you are
in a bottom limit).
~(( + , (+;+ +; (-+; (( ;;+ ) ( ~; ;
limit eld - ; ;- ;+; + <- stack limit
; ; (; ; limit type +-+ + (;< L press
+- <) cursor + ; <- stack limit - ; ;;)
( ; - +; limit - ; (; stacking + ;
- ; ;- ( ; + +; limit - ; (; stacking
+ ; + ;)
( ~ ~, + ,++ ;+ stack limits + congration setting +; ;( )
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 81
Confidential --- Planman
set the Confguration of Limits
In this dialogue box powermath provides pre-dened congured 20 styles of superior and infe-
rior. Either you can use them as they are or edit them as per job requirement. You can not create
any new style.
Here we will learn how do we set the conguration:-
PointSize/SetWidth%:This is the size of limit.
Superior/InferiorOffset:It effects the This is position of limit
PiSpace:It should be 20.0 not conrm What is the meaning of this
macro Procedure (I)
In this option of powermath, you can set repetitive
keystrokes as a macro. Often we see that there are
some characters or equations are coming again and
again. In that case we need not type them every-
time. We dene that equation or part of equation
as macro
For example we need 8C (degreeC) character again
and again.
|deg|~rom~C~norm~
Now whenever we will need 8C, we will just go in the
Macro Selector Dialogue box and select this macro.
Ultimetly we will get this combinatin of character.
Up to 100 macros can be dened. Each macro can
contain up to 256 characters.
82 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Planman
matrix Procedure (m)(m)
( ~ Matrix (+;+; ;) ( (; ~ Matrix ;( +; ,+
(;- ~ +, :-
A matrix is a collection of numbers arranged into a xed number
of rows and columns. Usually the numbers are real numbers. In
general, matrices can contain complex numbers also. Here is an
example of a matrix with three rows and three columns:
row 1
c
o
l
u
m
n

1
The top row is row 1. The leftmost column is column 1. This matrix is a 333 matrix because it has three rows and three
columns. In describing matrices, the format is: rows3columns
Each number that makes up a matrix is called an element of the matrix. The elements in a matrix have specic locations.The
upper left corner of the matrix is row 1 column 1. In the above matrix the element at row 1 col 1 is the value 1. The element
at row 2 column 3 is the value 4.6.
, + ~ +;, Matrix (+; ~ Matrix Option +; ~, ( )
Input: Across/DownandDown/Across: matrix ;+; + (- type ;;( (+;+ ) ~(( + ;
; (; row wise (+; +( ;- ; (; column wise (+; +( ) See the examples in right
AlignColumns: Center,Left,Right By these options we can x the alignment of element in a matrix
Center

Left

Right
ComputeColumnWidths: GutterWidth: By this option we can x the spacing between columns.
Gutter Width: 120%

Gutter Width: 60%
Numberof Rows/Column: ;+; (+ by (+ + matrix ; ; ; dene +- +( )
333 233 232 133
After selecting/xing these preference of matrix, type the elements of matrix. Your matrix is ready.
ComputeRowWidths: RowWidth: ,+; set +-+ +; option (+ ;+- ;(; ) For setting
the Row Width, press L (Math Level Offset%). By defalt it is set 70%. But for matching with lead-
ing you will have to change it into 60%. For example if point size/leading of equation is 10/12 then in
matrix you need to set block leading 12. But if you select 70% (level). Leading will be 12+2. So you will
have to change it to 60% for getting leading 12 within matrix. See the example below:
Row Width: 70%

Row Width: 60%
Across/Down

Down/Across Across/Down

Down/Across
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 83
Confidential --- Planman
Division/Fraction Procedure (D)(D)
Division/Fraction Selector Dialogue Box gives you
readymade 20 different division/fraction setup. You
can not create any new case fraction. You can only
modify them according to the job.
meaning of Division/Fractions
When a numerater and denominater are separated
by a math slash (Solidus) or horizontal bar is called
Fraction.
Build-up or Stacked Fraction: Full size (normal size)
numerator and denominator separated by a horizontal
rule/bar is termed as built-up (stack) fraction, e.g.
1
2
Heavy Fraction: Two built-up fraction included in a
fraction as a numerator and denominator is known as
heavy fraction. e.g.:
b ac
b b ac
a
2
2
4
4
2


Fraction/BlockLeading: By adding 4 pts. in type size,
we can get base to base Fraction/Block Leading. This is
used in built up fractions (from base of numerator to base of denominator) and in matrices, arrays etc. e.g.:
a a
a a
11 12
21 22

Block Leading

1
2
Fraction Leading
Division option:
DivisionRuleWeight:division + rule + thickness. ;~;(. 3.5 ;( )

DivisionRuleOffset:division rule numerator/denominator + <- , option x + ;( )

DivisionRuleOverhang:, rule + width +; adjust +; ;(; )

RuleColor:

OpticalSpacingtoDivisionBar:
+ (; rule numerator and denominator + spacing Rule Offset + ,;-; set + ;( -( ; ; maximum or minimum spacing
x +- +( ;) Here are the standard spacing.
Maxspaceaboverule:5.0 Minspaceaboverule:2.0 Maxspacebelowrule:5.0 Minspacebelowrule:2.0
84 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Planman
Case Fraction Procedure (h)(h)
Case Fraction Selector Dialogue Box gives you ready-
made 20 different case fraction setup. You can not cre-
ate any new case fraction. You can only modify them
according to the job.
meaning of Case Fractions
CaseFraction: Index size numerator and denominator
separated by a horizontal rule/bar is called the case
fraction. e.g.:
1
2
Case Fraction options:
These Option are almost same as we have discussed in
Divisions/Fraction Procedure. There is only one dif-
ference and that is point size.
PointSize: As per standard it should be 65% of basal
text point size.
Rest of the options are same. You can see the standard
value of case fraction selector in the snapshot which
is given here.
If you need a case fraction without rule, then make a
seprate setup for that and ll rule weight % 0
math rule selector (Y)(Y)
By this option we can set underbar, overbar, cancilation,
multiplerule.
Math Rule Selector Dialogue Box gives you readymade 20
different rule setup. You can not create any new rule.
You can only modify them according to the job.
math rule options:
MathRuleOffset: It is the starting point of rule.
Means - ;+; base text - rule -;+; (; ;
positive value :;+ ;) - ;+; base text + rule
-;+; (; ; negative value :;+ ;) - ;+; base
text cancilation/diagonal rule ; (; - + +
; 0.0 value :;+ ; ;- + - + ;
positive value :;+ ;)
MathRuleEndOffset: It is the Ending point of rule.
Means - ;+; base text - ;; straight rule -;+; (; ; ~; (+ positive value :;+ ; (+ ;+ Math
Rule Offset ~ :; ;) - ;+; base text + straight rule -;+; (; ; ~; (+ negative value :;+ ; (+
;+ Math Rule Offset ~ :; ;) - ;+; base text can cilation/diagonal rule ; (; - + + ; negative
value :;+ ; ;- + - + ; positive value :;+ ;)
Rest of the options are RuleWeightand RuleColor which will be selected as per job recuirement.
Compiled by: deepakaggarwal 85
Confidential --- Planman
FewExamplesof MathRuleOptions
Name of tag equation math rule options
obar
ubar
can
dcan
ducan
Before typing the equation select both
the options obar and ubar.
styles selector (s)
Alternate Style Selector Dialogue Box provides readymade
10 different character conguration styles. You can
not create any new style except those. You can only
modify them for italic, bold according to the job.
Index: It is used to set a short command which run with
command key. For example if you created a style bf
with index 4 then whenever you will type anything
after pressing 4, it will be typed in bold face.
Split Alpha/Non Alpha: If we activate this option then
Non-Alpha will be activated. Just see the example below:
In this equation we need x and y italic and 0 in roman.
For this purpose we will click alpha Times Italic and
non-alpha Times-Roman. Thus we will get all alpha-
bets italic and all numeric values Roman.
So now you can set the styles for roman, italic, boldface, bt, fancy, greek, symbol....etc. as per job recuirement.
dfdfd t +++
86 typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential --- Planman
Force Level (;)
+~; +~; ~ equation + + part +; (+; point size reduced + base line - ; + set +-+
+ --( ;( ) condition ~ ~ Force Level +; use +-( )
By default 0 (;;( base line - set) ; -(; ) - ;+; + line - ; (; Force Level
value 1, (+ line - ; (; 3 :; <) , +;- ; + + (+ Force Level negative value
~ :; <)
with
level 0
with
level 1
stacking (t)(t)
Stacking procedure allows characters to be positioned
above or below the baseline and horizontally aligned
including or excluding content along the baseline.
stacking options
Alignment: You can select the option as per your
requirement. Either Center, Left or Right.
; - +; eld +;+ + ; - ;- baseline
~; + - ) , ;+; with positive
+; mannually ;;:; ; - +-+; ;;) ,+; (-+; + ; with positive ;;( - +; eld +; select +- +-
control+up arrow press +-( ; ( (+ + + position (+ :+ +; ; ;) , +;- --( :+ - ; + + eld
+; ~; - ; + +- +( )
expected Fields
You can positioned the characters above, below or both.
You can create a stack that enables all three or any combination of two.


10
Macintosh - G5
Overview
10.1 iMac G5
10.2 Inserting a CD or DVD Disc
10.3 Front View of iMac G5
10.4 Back View of iMac G5
10.5 Desktop of iMac G5
10.6 Keyboard of G5 with Symbol
Overview
Your iMac G5 has been designed so that you can set it up quieckly and start using it right away. If you have never used an iMac
G5 or are new to Macintosh computers, read this section for instructions on getting started.
Picture of iMac G5
inserting a cD or DVD Disc
To install or use programs from a CD or DVD disc,
follow these steps:
1. Place the disc into the optical drive with the
label facing you.
2. When the icon for the disc appears on the
desktop, the disc is ready to use.
Chapter 3 Using Your iMac G5 43

Using Your Optical Drive
Your iMac G5 has a SuperDrive, which you can use to install software from CDs and
DVDs, play music from audio CDs, and play DVD movies. You can also burn your home
movies to make video DVDs that can be played in most home DVD players. You can
burn music CDs that can play in most CD players, and save documents or other digital
files to blank CD-R, CD-RW, DVDR, DVDRW, and DVD+R Double Layer (DL) discs
using the Finder. You can store nearly twice as much data (up to 8.54 GB) on a DVD+R
DL disc.
Important: The optical drive on your iMac G5 supports standard circular 12 cm discs.
Irregularly shaped discs or discs smaller than 12 cm are not supported. Noncircular or
small discs may become lodged in the drive. If a disc becomes lodged in the drive, see
the troubleshooting information on page 57.
Note: If you have older software that comes on floppy disks, contact the software
manufacturer to see if the software is available on a CD or for download from the web,
or purchase an external USB floppy disk drive for your iMac G5 from an Apple
Authorized Reseller, an Apple Store retail location, or the online Apple Store at
www.apple.com/store.
Inserting a CD or DVD Disc
To install or use programs from a CD or DVD disc, follow these steps:
1 Place the disc into the optical drive with the label facing you.
2 When the icon for the disc appears on the desktop, the disc is ready to use.
Note: Some DVD discs are two-sided.
Chapter 3 Using Your iMac G5 43

Using Your Optical Drive
Your iMac G5 has a SuperDrive, which you can use to install software from CDs and
DVDs, play music from audio CDs, and play DVD movies. You can also burn your home
movies to make video DVDs that can be played in most home DVD players. You can
burn music CDs that can play in most CD players, and save documents or other digital
files to blank CD-R, CD-RW, DVDR, DVDRW, and DVD+R Double Layer (DL) discs
using the Finder. You can store nearly twice as much data (up to 8.54 GB) on a DVD+R
DL disc.
Important: The optical drive on your iMac G5 supports standard circular 12 cm discs.
Irregularly shaped discs or discs smaller than 12 cm are not supported. Noncircular or
small discs may become lodged in the drive. If a disc becomes lodged in the drive, see
the troubleshooting information on page 57.
Note: If you have older software that comes on floppy disks, contact the software
manufacturer to see if the software is available on a CD or for download from the web,
or purchase an external USB floppy disk drive for your iMac G5 from an Apple
Authorized Reseller, an Apple Store retail location, or the online Apple Store at
www.apple.com/store.
Inserting a CD or DVD Disc
To install or use programs from a CD or DVD disc, follow these steps:
1 Place the disc into the optical drive with the label facing you.
2 When the icon for the disc appears on the desktop, the disc is ready to use.
Note: Some DVD discs are two-sided.
Compiledby: deepakaggarwal
Confidential---PublishingServices
Front View G5
Back View G5
14 Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your iMac G5

Back View
Headphone out/
optical audio
out port
Audio line-in port
optical
out
,
f
Video out port
USB 2.0 ports (3)
d
Ethernet port
(10/100/1000Base-T)
G
FireWire ports (2)
H
Power buton
Power port

Memory access Security slot


12 Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your iMac G5

Front View
USB ports
Built-in
speaker
Ambient light
sensor
Integrated
infrared (IR)
receiver
Built-in
speaker
Remote rest
Slot-load
optical disc drive
Media Eject key
Volume controls
Built-in iSight
video camera
Built-in
microphone
Video camera
indicator light
Mighty Mouse
Apple
Keyboard
Power indicator
light
d
C
-
Remote
MENU
12 Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your iMac G5

Front View
USB ports
Built-in
speaker
Ambient light
sensor
Integrated
infrared (IR)
receiver
Built-in
speaker
Remote rest
Slot-load
optical disc drive
Media Eject key
Volume controls
Built-in iSight
video camera
Built-in
microphone
Video camera
indicator light
Mighty Mouse
Apple
Keyboard
Power indicator
light
d
C
-
Remote
MENU
typesettingrulesandregulations
Confidential---PublishingServices
Desktop of G5
Keyboard of G5 with symbol
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%
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MM
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E
E
E
E
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E
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e
e
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e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e

7

8

9

1
0

1
2

1
4

1
6

1
8

2
0

2
2

2
4
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s
E
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E
3
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7
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E
8
4
P
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I
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T

S
I
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E

(
M
y
r
i
a
d

P
r
o
)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1
0
BULLET
0
.
2
0
.
5
1 1
.
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D- 1 0 3 , Ok h l a I n d u s t r i a l Ar e a , P h a s e 1 , Ne w De l h i - 2 0
P LANMAN TECHNOLOGI ES
Knowledge

IT

Outsourcing
20 Nov. 2006