Anda di halaman 1dari 34

ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

Contents

Chapter 1

FWT Working Principles and Parameters.................................................................1

  • 1.1 Hardware Structure and Working Principles .....................................................................1

  • 1.2 Hardware Structure Description of FWT Major Functional Modules..................................2

    • 1.2.1 Hardware Structure of the TCPU............................................................................2

    • 1.2.2 Hardware Structure of the TUTU............................................................................4

  • 1.3 Function Description of FWT Major Functional Modules...................................................5

    • 1.3.1 User Interface Subsystem .....................................................................................5

    • 1.3.2 Power Supply and Power Supply Management Subsystem.................................14

    • 1.3.3 QSC6020 Subsystem...........................................................................................18

    • 1.3.4 RF Subsystem......................................................................................................19

  • 1.4 Parameter Index .............................................................................................................21

  • Chapter 2

    Guide to FWT Assembly/Disassembly .....................................................................1

    • 2.1 Assembly of FWT .............................................................................................................1

    • 2.2 Disassembly of FWT ........................................................................................................3

    Chapter 3

    Repair Process and Troubleshooting ......................................................................1

    • 3.1 Repair Process .................................................................................................................1

      • 3.1.1 Repair Process of Baseband Processing Interface Module Failure .......................1

      • 3.1.2 Repair Process of RF Processing Module Failure ................................................3

  • 3.2 Troubleshooting................................................................................................................5

  • Chapter 4

    List of Damageable Spare Parts ...............................................................................1

    i

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Chapter 1 FWT Working Principles and Parameters

    • 1.1 Hardware Structure and Working Principles

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Chapter 1 FWT Working Principles and Parameters 1.1 Hardware Structure

    Figure 1.1 Hardware structure of ETS1201FWT

    Huawei ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal (FWT) consists of two boards. One is the FWT communication process unit (TCPU) and the other is the interface processing unit (TUTU). 1.1 shows the hardware structure of the FWT.

    The TCPU is the core unit of the FWT. It consists of the RF transceiver unit, central processing unit, power unit, and power monitoring unit.

    The TUTU and TCPU are connected through a 72-pin solder cup. (There are 72 solder cups on the four borders of the TCPU. They are soldered to TUTU like a fort. ) The TUTU provides the function to connect to the TCPU. It provides various interfaces, including the USB Interface. External DC power inlet, battery interface, power switch, POTS interface, extended facsimile interface, indicator light interface, antenna interface, and R-UIM interface.

    1

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    • 1.2 Hardware Structure Description of FWT Major Functional

    Modules

    The hardware system of the FWT consists of two boards. They are TCPU and TUTU. The FWT functional modules include the user subsystem, power subsystem, QSC6020 subsystem, and RF subsystem. Each board has its own functional modules. Classified by function, the TCPU functional modules include the QSC6020 subsystem, power and power management module part, RF subsystem, and TUTU interface module. The TUTU functional modules include:

    User subsystem, which consists of the Subscriber Line Interface Circuit (SLIC) interface module, R-UIM card interface module, extended facsimile interface module, indicator module, and environment variable monitoring module. Power and power management module part, which consists of the primary power interface protection module, primary power detection module, battery charging/discharging module, DC/DC power module, and the on/off control module.

    • 1.2.1 Hardware Structure of the TCPU

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual 1.2 Hardware Structure Description of FWT Major Functional Modules The

    Figure 1.2 Hardware structure of the TCPU board

    For the ETS1201, the major difference of the hardware part is the frequency of the RF module on the TCPU board. The ETS1201 uses the 800 MHz RF module. The structures of TCPU boards working on different frequencies are the same.

    The TCPU board can be divided into four parts: QSC6020 subsystem, power and power management module part, RF subsystem, and TUTU interface module, as shown in 1.2.1.

    The QSC6020 subsystem consists of the speech codec unit, baseband signal processing unit, and the CPU system used to run the protocol software. All these functional units are integrated in the QSC6020 chip. The speech codec unit realizes

    2

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    the compressed coding of 64 kbps speed data stream, for example EVRC coding, so that the data can be transmitted over the radio network. The baseband signal processing unit implements the baseband modulation and demodulation and channel codec functions. It also consists of the CPU system used to run the protocol software and applications. Besides, this subsystem also contains the FLASH used to store the software and the SRAM used to run the software.

    The power and power management module part realizes functions related to the system power supply and power management.

    The RF subsystem consists of the RF processing unit and the antenna feeder system. The RF signal processing unit realizes the modulation/demodulation of baseband signals, power amplification, and up/down-convert functions. It converts the baseband signals into the RF signals for radio transmission, or converts the RF signals into the baseband signals. The interface involved in the CDMA2000 1x Um interface.

    The TUTU board provides the power interface, PCM interface, USB interface, FAX interface, R-UIM interface, and indicator light interface. It is a 72-pin solder cup. As the TCPU board can be used in ETS1201 FWT, the interface meets the requirements of these two series products.

    3

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    • 1.2.2 Hardware Structure of the TUTU

    USB USB port Protection module
    USB
    USB port
    Protection
    module

    Primary pow

    Primary pow

    module

    module

    Figure 1.3 Hardware structure of the TUTU board

    As shown in , the TUTU board consists of the user subsystem and the power and power management module part.

    The user subsystem consists of the SLIC interface module, SPI module, R-UIM card interface module, extended facsimile interface module, indicator light module, and environment variable monitoring module. The power and power management module part consists of the primary power interface protection module, primary power detection module, battery charging/discharging module, DC/DC power module, and the on/off control module.

    1)

    The SLIC interface module receives and transmits the voice signals, sends the

    2)

    ringing tone and signal tone (such as dialing tone, busy tone, hooking prompt tone, and service prompt tone) to the common telephone set, sends the calling number to the common telephone set, and receives the dialed number. The SPI module realizes the ESD protection function and signal level

    3)

    conversion. The R_UIM card interface circuit serves as the interface for the communication

    4

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    4)

    between the CPU system and the R_UIM card. It also supplies power to the R_UIM card and realizes the power protection function. The extended facsimile interface provides the control interface, simulated two

    5)

    wires, and asynchronous serial port required by the facsimile board. The indicator light module provides four RSSI indicators light, a dual-color batter

    6)

    indicator light, and a power indicator light. The environment variable monitoring module completes the board temperature detection, battery temperature sampling, and battery ID detection functions.

    7) The primary interface protection module completes the anti-static and over- voltage protection functions. 8) The battery charging/discharging module completes the battery charging/discharging management function.

    9)

    The DC/DC power module completes the secondary conversion of DC power

    inside the board. It also provides the voltage stabilizing and constant current functions for the charging/discharging circuit. 10) The on/off control module controls the on and off of the external tact switch, startup of the primary power, and closedown of the software.

    Besides the above modules, there are also the interface components such as the connection solder cup between the TUTU and TCPU and USB connector.

    1.3 Function Description of FWT Major Functional Modules

    • 1.3.1 User Interface Subsystem

    I. SLIC interface module

    The SLIC interface module is located between the speech codec integrated in the QSC6020 chip and the terminal user. It constitutes the analog channel (except the G3 facsimile function) of the TUTU. This analog channel completes the following functions:

    Receive and transmit the voice signals. Send the ringing tone and signal tone (such as dialing tone, busy tone, hooking prompt tone, and service prompt tone) to the common telephone set. Send the calling number to the common telephone set. Receive the dialed number.

    5

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.4 Structure of the TUTU In I, the part

    Figure 1.4 Structure of the TUTU

    In I, the part between the two dashed lines is the user interface module (TUTU) and the section enclosed by the dashed line is the SLIC interface module. The SLIC interface module consists of the SI3210 chip supplied by the Silicon Laboratory and some peripheral circuits. The chip can provide the SLIC, codec, DC-DC circuit, Dual- Tone Multi-frequency (DTMF) detection, and other functions used to generate signals required by the analog phone.

    The following introduces the working process of the SLIC interface module:

    Transmit channel: The analog voice signal is sent from the telephone set to the RJ11 interface of the TUTU through the telephone line. The signal reaches the SI3210 and then is converted into the analog voice signal by the SLIC. After the sampling and coding of the codec, the signal is finally output as the standard PCM stream and sent to the PCM interface of the QSC6020.

    Receive channel: The voice data from the peer end is sent from the PCM interface of the QSC6020 to the codec of the SI3210 chip. The digital signal is converted to the analog voice signal by the codec and then demodulated by the SLIC onto the telephone line. Then the signal reaches the telephone set through the telephone line.

    The DTMF signal generated by keys on the telephone set is processed by the SLIC and codec and converted into the binary key values. Then the key values are reported to the QSC6020 through the SPI interface.

    The ringing tone, signal tone, service prompt tone, and calling number are generated and controlled by the QSC6020 module. The QSC6020 writes the parameters and commands into the codec through the SPI interface. Then the codec generates the corresponding signal and sends the signal to the telephone set through the SLIC.

    As the interface levels of the SLIC and QSC6020 are not consistent, the level conversion between the output signal of the SLIC and the input signal of QSC6020 is

    6

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    completed by the adaptation resistor. I shows the circuit used for level conversion between the SLIC output signal and QSC6020 input signal.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual completed by the adaptation resistor. I shows the circuit used

    Figure 1.5 SLIC- QSC6020 interface level conversion circuit

    There are three types of interface between the SLIC and other units. They are the PCM stream interface, SPI interface, and the subscriber line audio interface connected with the external telephone set.

    1)

    The PCM interface is the digital audio interface between the SLIC and the QSC6020. It transmits the telephone voice digital signal in the PCM format. This interface is implemented through the inter-board interface.

    Table 5.1 PCM interface between the SLIC and the QSC6020

    PCM interface

    SI3210 pin

    Inter-board

    Direction

    QSC6020 pin

    interface

    PCM_PCLK_A

    PCLK (3)

    PCM_PCLK

    IN

    GPIO_6

    PCM_FSC_A

    FSYNC(6)

    PCM_FSC

    IN

    GPIO_3

    PCM_DR_A

    DRX (4)

    PCM_DR

    IN

    GPIO_4

    PCM_DX_A

    DTX (5)

    PCM_DX

    OUT

    GPIO_5

    Inside the SI3210, the internal clock signal of the SI3210 is generated through PLL by using the PLCK as the reference clock. The PCLK must be synchronous with the 8 kHz FSYNC. Available frequencies for the PCLK include 256 kHz, 512 kHz, 768 kHz, 1024 kHz, 1536 kHz, 2048 kHz, 4096 kHz, and 8192 kHz. The read/write timing diagram please reference the figure 8 in SI3210 datasheet.

    2)

    SPI interface allows the QSC6020 to configure the SI3210 parameters and collect information. This interface is implemented through the inter-board

    7

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    interface.

    Table 5.2 SPI interface between the SI3210 and the QSC6020

    SPI interface

    SI3210 pin

    Inter-board

    Direction

    QSC6020 pin

    interface

    SMI_CLK

    SCLK (38)

    SMI_CLK

    IN

    GPIO_0

    SMI_CS_N

    CS (1)

    SMI_CS_N

    IN

    GPIO_36

    SMI_DIN

    SDI (37)

    SMI_DIN

    IN

    GPIO_2

    SMI_DOUT

    SDO (36)

    SMI_DOUT

    OUT

    GPIO_1

    The read/write timing diagram please reference the figure 7 in SI3210 datasheet.

    II. Hold detect circuit

    To reduce the power consumption in the standby mode, the SLIC is in the dormant state in the standby mode. At this time, if the user picks up the phone, the action cannot be detected. Thus, the external hold detect circuit is designed. In this way, when the SLIC chip is in the dormant state, the hold detect circuit can detect the off- hook of the user and report it to the CPU so as to respond to the user.

    II shows the negative voltage circuit and II shows the hold detect circuit.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual interface. Table 5.2 SPI interface between the SI3210 and the

    Figure 1.6 Negative voltage circuit

    8

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual III. SPI module Figure 1.7 Hold detect circuit The ETS1201FWTs

    III. SPI module

    Figure 1.7 Hold detect circuit

    The ETS1201FWTs provides the asynchronous serial interface or USB interface for control purpose.

    1)

    The USB transceiver is provided by QSC6020 on the TCPU board. The major functions of the TUTU are implemented by the USB circuits of the QSC6020 subsystem, including the ESD protection circuit.

    9

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.8 USB interface circuits IV. R_UIM card interface circuit

    Figure 1.8 USB interface circuits

    IV. R_UIM card interface circuit

    The R_UIM card module consists of the R_UIM card power supply, connector, and ESD protection circuits.

    IV describes the signals of the interface between the R_UIM card interface module and other unit

    Table 8.1 Signal description of the R_UIM card interface module

    Signal

    Source or destination module

    Function description

    VREG_PHONE

    Inter-board interface module

    UIM card power supply

     

    R-UIM_RST

    Inter-board interface module

    UIM card reset signal

     

    R-UIM _CLK

    Inter-board interface module

    UIM card clock signal

     

    R-UIM _DAT

    Inter-board interface module

    UIM

    bidirectional

    data

    signal

    R-UIM _EN

    Inter-board interface module

    UIM enable signal

     

    the implementation of the UIM card interface is shown as IV9. The diode provides the ESD protection for signals. The UIM card power is supplied by the LDO with the one- way output and the switch function. The seamless interface with the QSC6020 can be realized for the reset, clock, and data signals of the UIM card.

    The following figure shows the design:

    Figure 1.9 UIM card circuit diagram

    10

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    The VDD_SIM power of the ETS1201 is provided by the power management chip on the TCPU board. The UIM card is directly powered through the R-UIM_EN, as shown in IV0.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual The VDD_SIM power of the ETS1201 is provided by the

    Figure 1.10 ETS1200 VDD_SIM power

    V. Extended facsimile interface

    The extended facsimile interface provides interfaces for the extended facsimile board. These interfaces include the asynchronous serial interface and the PCM interface. The major function of the facsimile board is bidirectional conversation between the 64 kbps digital PCM stream and the facsimile data or signaling (such as the V.21 protocol).

    V describes the signals of the extended facsimile interface module:

    Table 10.1 Signal description of the extended facsimile interface and protection module

    Signal

    Source or destination module

    Direction

    Function description

     

    FAX_RD

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Serial port receiving

     

    FAX _CTS_N

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Serial port clear to send

    FAX _RTS_N

    Inter-board interface module

    OUT

    Serial

    port

    ready

    to

    send

    FAX _TD

    Inter-board interface module

    OUT

    Serial port transmitting

     

    FAX_EN_N

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Facsimile enable signal

    RING

    SLIC module

    IN

    Two-wire telephone line

    TIP

    SLIC module

    IN

    Two-wire telephone line

    VREG_ FAX

    DC/DC power module

    IN

    3.2 V main power

     

    The extended facsimile interface module provides the control interface, simulated two wires and asynchronous serial port required by the facsimile board. V shows how these interfaces are implemented:

    11

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.11 Circuit of the extended facsimile interface module VI.

    Figure 1.11 Circuit of the extended facsimile interface module

    VI. Indicator light module

    The indicator light module provides four RSSI indicators light, a dual-color batter indicator light, and a power indicator light. It is driven by the QSC6020 on the TCPU board.

    VI describes the signals of the interface between the indicator light module and other units.

    Table 11.1 Signal description of the indicator light module

    Signal

    Source or destination module

    Direction

    Function description

    VERG_PHONE

    DC/DC power module

    OUT

    LED power

    RSSI1

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Intensity indication

    RSSI2

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Intensity indication

    RSSI3

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Intensity indication

    RSSI4

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Intensity indication

    STAT1

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Battery state indication

    STAT2

    Inter-board interface module

    IN

    Battery state indication

    12

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Signal

    Source or destination module

    Direction

    Function description

    STAT3

    Inter-board interface

    IN

    External

    power

    supply

    module

    state indication

    VI2 shows the circuit of the indicator light module. The QSC6020 on the TCPU board provides the drive signal. The control signal of the indicator light is the positive logic, that is, the indicator light is on when there is high level.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Signal Source or destination module Direction Function description STAT3 Inter-board

    Figure 1.12 Circuit of the indicator module

    VII. Environment variable monitoring module

    This module completes the board temperature detection and battery temperature sampling function.

    13

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Table 12.1 Pin assignment of the environment variable monitoring module

    QSC6020 pin

    Function description

    Signal

    HKAIN0

    Board temperature sampling

    TERMINAL_THERM

    HKAIN1

    Battery temperature sampling

    BAT_TEMP

    Board temperature detection is completed on the TCPU board. VII shows the battery temperature sampling circuit:

    Thermal resistor
    Thermal resistor

    Figure 1.13 Battery temperature sampling circuit

    The battery temperature measurement range is between -10°C and 55°C.As shown in VII3, the thermal resistor is used. Within the above temperature range, the resistance variation range of the thermal resistor is between 282.1 kΩ and 14.44 kΩ. Thus, for the 10-bit ADC sample (1023 corresponds to 2.5 V. The accuracy of the sampling value is 0.0025 V), the corresponding values are respectively 813 and 124.

    1.3.2 Power Supply and Power Supply Management Subsystem

    I. Primary Power Supply Interface Protection Module

    The external power supply over-voltage protection module protects the input power supply. When the input voltage exceeds 30V, the resistance of the varistor RV301 turns to infinity. If the current is too high, the PTC automatic restore fuse RT501cut-off the power supply to protect the back circuit. See I4

    14

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.14 External power supply over-voltage protection module II. DC/DC

    Figure 1.14 External power supply over-voltage protection module

    II. DC/DC Power Supply Module

    The DC/DC power supply provides the 4.4V main power for the whole system. Its maximum output current is 830 mA. The module mainly uses the PWM control chip (U501) and switching tube (Q501) to implement the secondary switching power supply circuit. The switching power supply can convert external power supply to 4.4 V. See II.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.14 External power supply over-voltage protection module II. DC/DC

    Figure 1.15 Power supply conversion circuit

    15

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    The PWM control chip adopts the TL494, including two differential amplifiers, one external adjustable oscillator, one pulse comparator, one time overflow controller, and one output control circuit.

    The differential amplifiers can operate ranging from -0.2V to VCC-0.2V. The time overflow controller has a fixed offset to ensure the stable output in case of external input changes. The external oscillator circuit can be set through Rt and Ct. In this design, Rt is set to 10k and Ct is set to 1000p, and the operating frequency is calculated as 100 kHz. The functional block diagram of TL494CN is shown II.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual The PWM control chip adopts the TL494, including two differential

    Figure 1.16 Functional block diagram of TL494

    III. Power Supply Charging/Discharging Module

    The battery charging and discharging module implements its function under the control of the QSC6020 of the TCPU board.

    Discharging function: When external power supply is unavailable, the QSC6020 controls the PM to turn on the battery switch and the battery starts to provide power supply.

    Charging function: When an external power supply is detected, the QSC6020 controls PM whether to charge the battery or not.

    III lists the interface signals between the battery charging/discharging module and other modules.

    16

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Table 16.1 Description of signals of the battery charging/discharging module

    Signal name

    Source or destination module

    Function description

    VREG_PHO

    Secondary power supply

    Secondary power supply

    NE

    conversion module

    output 4.44V

    V_BATT

    Battery

    Battery output voltage

    CHG_EN

    QSC6020

    QSC6020 output control

    The circuit of the battery charging/discharging module is Shown as III. The charging of batteries is controlled by varying the output current of the secondary power supply. When the battery is charged in the quick mode, the grid of Q503 is low and without continuity. In this case, the internal differential amplifier of 494 controls the pulse duty ratio of PWM and maintains the output current of the switching power supply in 830mA. When the battery is charged in the slow mode, the grid of Q503 is high and it is turned on. The internal differential amplifier of 494 controls the pulse duty ratio of PWM and maintains the output current of the switching power supply in 55mA. Then the quick charging is stopped and the trickle charging starts. This feedback loop is realized by the operation amplifier 2 of TL494.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Table 16.1 Description of signals of the battery charging/discharging module

    Figure 1.17 Charging circuit

    Because the battery in the circuit is directly connected with the 4.4V output of the secondary power supply, when the external power supply is not connected, the battery provides power supply for the system through the VREG_PHONE signal. So there is no special discharge control circuit.

    IV. Secondary Power Supply Voltage-limiting Module

    The secondary power supply voltage-limiting module limits the voltage of the secondary power supply to not exceeding 4.4V. After the constant current charging

    17

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ends, the module stabilizes the secondary power supply output to 4.4V to provide power supply for the back circuit. This feedback loop is realized by the operation amplifier 1 of TL494. The circuit is shown in IV.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual ends, the module stabilizes the secondary power supply output to

    Figure 1.18 Secondary power supply voltage-limiting module

    V. Power-on/Power-off Module

    The S501 implements the power-on and power-off function. When the switch is set to ON, the TERM_ON generates the low-level switching on pulse and the SWITCH_ON generates the high-level switching on indication signal. The circuit is shown in V.

    Power Switch
    Power Switch

    Figure 1.19 Switching ON/OFF module

    • 1.3.3 QSC6020 Subsystem

    The QSC6020 subsystem includes the voice coding/decoding unit, baseband signal

    18

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    processing unit, and the CPU system running for protocol software. All these functional units are integrated in the QSC6020 chip. The voice coding/decoding unit mainly implements the compression and coding of the 64K voice digital streams, for example EVRC codes, to make them suitable for the transmission in the wireless environment. The baseband signal processing unit mainly includes the baseband modulation/demodulation and channel coding/decoding functions. The subsystem also includes the FLASH for software storage and SRAM for software operation.

    • 1.3.4 RF Subsystem

    For ETS1201 FWT the frequency is 800MHz. Though the frequency bands are different, the structures of the boards are completely the same. Each unit of the FWT RF subsystem of ETS1201 is described below in detail.

    I. Receive Unit

    Functions of the receive unit: After the outband spurious of the RF signals received by the antenna of FWT is filtered by duplexer module, the signals are amplified by the RF low noise amplifier and filtered by the RF SAW and then are sent to the down- convert frequency mixer for frequency mixing. Because the RFR adopts the “zero intermediate frequency” structure, it can directly convert RF signals to baseband signals, and then implement I and Q demodulation, filter amplification, and ADC processing. The output digital baseband signals are then sent to the baseband processing circuit.

    The block diagram of the receive unit is shown in I0.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual processing unit, and the CPU system running for protocol software.

    II. Transmit Unit

    Figure 1.20 RF receive unit

    The main function of the transmit unit is as follows: The transmit modulation module RFT directly amplifies the DA-converted analog I/Q signals and send to QSC6020. The RF signals are obtained after RF frequency mixing and RF filter frequency change. Then the RF signals are amplified by the RF power amplifier to the RF transmit signals with set output power. Finally, the outband spurious of the RF signals of FWT is filtered by duplexer module and the signals are then sent to the antenna. Another function of the duplexer module is to avoid the interference of transmission signals in the receiver. The block diagram of the transmit unit is as shown in II1.

    19

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.21 RF transmit unit III. RF Frequency Synthesizer The

    Figure 1.21 RF transmit unit

    III. RF Frequency Synthesizer

    The main function of the RF frequency synthesizer is to provide RF local oscillator signals for the transceiver. The duplexer interval of the RF is 45 MHz. So in the design, transmit and receive share the RF local oscillator. For both transmit and receive, the RF local oscillator is the high local oscillator. The signal frequency of the reference clock of the RF synthesizer is 19.2 MHz and the phase discrimination frequency is 25 kHz. The Rx PLL circuit is integrated in RFT, but the RX VCO and RX LO are still integrated in RFR. The block diagram of the RF synthesizer is shown in

    III2.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.21 RF transmit unit III. RF Frequency Synthesizer The

    Figure 1.22 PLL circuit

    The RX-QP, RX-QM, RX-IM, and RX-IP are the outputs of the four baseband signals of RFR. The outputs are sent to MSM for processing. The SBST, SBCK, and SBDT are three control buses. The MSM controls the RFR by controlling these three signals. The TCXO signal provides the reference clock signal for all internal

    20

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    components. Three kinds of power supplies provide power for RFR: The VREG- RFRX provides voltage for PM, VREG-TCXO provides voltage for the clock of RFR, and VREG-MSMP provides voltage for the internal components of RFR. The RF local oscillator signals provide the local oscillator signals needed by receive or transmit channels for RF down conversion or up conversion. Receive and transmit share one RF local oscillator signal.

    1.4 Parameter Index

    • 1.4.1 Primary indices of the receiving unit:

    (1) Basic indices (2) Frequency range: Work frequency 869MHZ--894MHZ MHz

    (3) Noise coefficient under sensitivity condition: <=7.5dB (Note: Including the loss from duplexer)

    (4) Linearity requirement (5) Sensitivity capability indices-106dBm/1.23MHz (6) Amplitude frequency characteristics (7) Amplitude range<±1dB, within 1.23MHzAfter being calibrated(8) double-work distance10MHz (9) channel distance25 KHz

    • 1.4.2 Primary indices of the emission unit:

    1Frequency range: 824MHZ849MHZ MHz 2Maximum emission power:>23dBm 3Maximum linearity output power: 28 dBm 4ACLR requirement-42dBc/30KHZ@885KHZ 1.98MHZ -56dBc/30KHZ@1.98MHZ 4MHZ 5In-band low-noise requirement Under the condition of the minimum output power, the low noise should be lower than

    -54dBm/1.23MHZ

    • 1.4.3 PLL indices:

    Reference source signal indices:

    1Frequency

    19.2MHz

    2Frequency error

    ±2ppm-3085

    3Output signal amplitude

    0.5Vppmin

    Indices of emitting and receiving intermediate frequency local oscillation signals

    Zero intermediate frequency method

    21

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    RF local oscillation signals Indices: (1Output frequency:

    16641788MHz

    2Output power:

    -12dBm

    1.4.4 Electric Indices

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual RF local oscillation signals Indices : ( 1 ) Output

    22

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Chapter 2 Guide to FWT Assembly/Disassembly

    The mechanical part of the FWT is composed of the front shell, bottom shell, and PCB, as shown in 2. This chapter describes the assembly and disassembly of main body of the FWT (including upper/lower shell, internal cable, and boards).

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Chapter 2 Guide to FWT Assembly/Disassembly The mechanical part of

    (1) FWT front shell

    (2) Fax board

    (3) PCB

    (4) FWT bottom

    (5) Battery

    (6) Battery

     

    shell

    cover

    Figure 1.23 Mechanical parts of FWT

    2.1 Assembly of FWT

    To assemble a FWT, perform the following (assume that all boards and cables are separate. If you are familiar with the FWT, you can install in different sequence):

    I. Install RF feeder

    At the TNC head, turn the RF feeder down, and push towards the hole of the TNC header at the right upper corner of the bottom shell, and then fix through a screw.

    II. Fix TUTU board

    As shown in the figure, place the TUTU board on the corresponding position, and fix with four ST2.9*6.5 tapping screws.

    1

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.24 Installing the board III. Install the front shell

    Figure 1.24 Installing the board

    III. Install the front shell

    As shown in the figure below, align the upper and lower shells, and fix with four ST2.9*9.5 tapping screws.

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual Figure 1.24 Installing the board III. Install the front shell

    Figure 1.25 Installing the upper shell

    2

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    • 2.2 Disassembly of FWT

    1)

    In the disassembly of FWT, if the FWT has the battery and UIM card, pick them

    2)

    out first. The sequence is the reverse of that in the assembly. Remove the screws of the shell, and open the front shell.

    3)

    Remove the antenna, and pick out the RF feeder under the bottom shell.

    4)

    Remove the screws of TUTU.

    3

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Chapter 3 Repair Process and Troubleshooting

    3.1 Repair Process

    3.1.1 Repair Process of Baseband Processing Interface Module Failure

    I. Power failure

    Power on Yes No Can the voltage reach Pin 12 of U501? Check F501 and D501,
    Power on
    Yes
    No
    Can the voltage reach Pin 12 of U501?
    Check F501 and D501, and clear
    faults
    Yes
    No
    Is the voltage of the pins of L 501 4.4V?
    Check U501 and peripheral circuits
    and clear faults
    Yes
    End

    Figure 1.26 Repair process of power failure

    1

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    II. Charging failure

    Figure 1.27 Repair process of charging failure

    2

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    • 3.1.2 Repair Process of RF Processing Module Failure

    I. RF channel failure

    Start CDMA operation mode Yes Check whether CDMA service and roaming detection are normal No Check
    Start CDMA operation mode
    Yes
    Check whether CDMA service and roaming
    detection are normal
    No
    Check the CDMA receive channel
    and clear faults
    Yes
    Check whether the CDMA call
    establishment is normal
    No
    Check the CDMA transmit channel
    and clear faults
    Yes
    RF channel is normal

    Figure 1.28 Repair process of RF channel failure

    II. RF receive channel failure

    3

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    RF receive channel is faulty Yes Check the power of the input end of Check Output
    RF receive channel is faulty
    Yes
    Check the power of the input end of
    Check Output Voltage of Pin1 of
    Is the output of duplex
    normal?
    No
    Pin 5 of U101, and clear the
    U7202, and clear the peripheral
    circuit faults
    peripheral circuit faults
    Yes
    Check the input and output of
    No
    Check input and output
    Is the acoustic output normal?
    Pins 1, 3, and 4 of Z401. Clear
    Pin1,3,and 4 of Z7202.Clear the
    the faults of peripheral circuits
    faults of peripheral circuits
    Yes
    No
    Check the input and output of
    Is the RFR6122 normal?
    Check Input
    and output of
    RFR6122 and clear faults
    Is theQSC6020 normal?
    RFR and clear faults
    Yes
    RF receive channel is normal

    Figure 1.29 Repair process of RF receive channel failure

    4

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    III. RF transmit channel failure

    RF transmit channel is faulty

    Yes Check the power of RFT 6122, No Is the RF output of Pin 23 of
    Yes
    Check the power of RFT 6122,
    No
    Is the RF output of Pin 23 of FRT6122 normal?
    TCXO, and transmit AGC voltage,
    Check the power of QSC6020
    Is RF output pin M22,L22 of QSC6020 normal?
    RFTX,TCXO,and transmit AGC
    and clear faults
    voltage, and clear faults
    Yes
    No
    Is the output of U 201 RF surface acoustic filter
    normal?
    Check the input and output of Pin 1
    and 3 of U201, and clear
    Check input Pin 3and 4, and output
    Is the output of RF surface acoustic filter normal?
    QSC6020 normal?
    peripheral faults
    pin 1of Z7201, and clear peripheral
    faults
    Yes
    No
    Is the output of U
    202 RF power amplifier normal?
    Check the input and output of Pin 4
    and 8 of U202, and clear
    Check input and output Pin 3 and 7
    peripheral faults
    Is the output of RF power amplifier normal?
    of U7201,clear peripheral faults
    Yes
    No
    Is the output of U 101 duplex normal?
    Check the input and output of Pin 5
    and 8 of U101, and clear
    Check input and output Pin 3 and 6
    peripheral faults
    Is the output of duplex normal?
    of U7202, and clear peripheral
    faults.
    Yes

    RF transmit channel is normal

    Figure 1.30 Repair process of RF transmit channel failure

    3.2 Troubleshooting

    This section describes fault symptoms and troubleshooting.

    I. The terminal is not connected to an external power adapter. The switch of the FWT is turned on, but the battery LED is still off.

    Open the battery container to check whether the battery has been installed.

    If the battery has been installed, the problem is likely resulted from inadequate power supply of the battery. In this case, you should connect the terminal with the external power adapter.

    5

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    II. Connect the power adapter to the terminal, turn on the FWT, but the power LED keeps off.

    Check the input of the power supply and ensure that the mains is normal and the power connection board is in the good contact.

    Check the output of the power supply and ensure that the output of the power voltage is normal.

    Ensure that switch is ON. Turn it off for one minute, and then turn it on and check the system.

    III. Turn on the switch of the FWT, the power LED is in normal status, but all the signal intensity LEDs keep off.

    Check whether the antenna is correctly installed.

    If an outdoor antenna is used, try to place the antenna at a higher place, or change the antenna direction (only necessary for directional antenna).

    IV. The signal intensity LED is in normal status, but no dial tone sounds after off hook.

    Please refer to section 4.1.5 to check the connection between the telephone set and the FWT.

    V. The voice is unstable and discontinuous.

    Observe the number of the lit signal LEDs. If it lowers than 2, it means that the network signal on this position is poor. Please try to use outdoors antenna or move the FWT to a position with stronger signal. The strong signal intensity may be led by strong environmental interference, please consult the carrier.

    VI. Facsimile receive abnormal

    Configure the FWT to “facsimile receive mode”.

    VII. Call answering abnormal

    You cannot answer a call if the FWT is in “facsimile receive mode”.

    VIII. Facsimile sending failure (pressing the sending key after hearing the sound of “beep”)

    It may be caused by the following reasons:

    1)

    Poor network signal quality.

     

    2)

    You have dialed a wrong fax number.

    3)

    The called

    party has configured manually receiving

    mode

    but

    not started

    receiving.

    6

    ETS1201 Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    IX. The FWT can make a call normally. After the serial port is connected to the background, it cannot communicate with the background

    Confirm the connection between the PC and FWT through the USB cable is correct. Confirm whether the communication port is set to the USB port to be connected.

    X. The fast charging of the FWT cannot stop

    Use a multi-meter to measure whether the output voltage of the power adapter is normal.

    Switch off the FWT, open the battery cover the FWT, pick out the battery, and check whether the voltage of the battery is normal and whether the leakage exists.

    If the power of battery is faulty, replace the faulty component. If there is no problem, re-load the software code.

    XI. The battery is empty after the short-time usage

    Check whether the battery is used for multiple times. If yes, the battery capacity decreases obviously. In this case, replace the battery.

    Check whether the output voltage of the power adapter is normal. If the power is faulty, replace the faulty component.

    7

    ETS1201Fixed Wireless Terminal Maintenance Manual

    Chapter 4 List of Damageable Spare Parts

    03020HHL

    TT601-450AS,WL22TUTU,Terminal Interface Process Unit For Fixed Wireless Terminal, Customized for BSNL,IN,1*2

    • 02130642 Primary power supply --5degC-45degC-190V-300V-(12V+/-5%)/0.5A-European linear power

    • 24020326 Storage battery -NiMH battery-3.6V-1.5Ah-Battery group -53*46*15.5mm

    • 27010056 Omni antenna -824-894MHz-2.15 dBi-vertical-Omni direction -50W-0r-TNC/MALE- Without support

      • 7050057 PTC,0.29ohm,750mA,PTC,THT,11.0*16.5*3.1mm,Terminal Dedicated

        • 14140096 Board base-SIM base-6PIN-Level-2.54mm-without locker –without location -0mm-SMT

        • 04050038 Made Wire,RF Cable,0.15m,TNC50SF-I,RG316-50-1.5/0.5BR-I,For Terminal

        • 15060178 MOSFET N MOSFET,55V,2A,0.14ohm,13V,SOT-223, RoHS Terminal Dedicated

        • 15060153 MOSFET,N-Channel,20V,0.7A,0.53ohm,6V,SC-75,Mobile Dedicated,ESD Protected Gate

        • 07040002 Varistor,27V,500A

        • 15050189 PNP Transistor ,140V,5000mA,3000mW,0.16V,SOT223,100S,Mobile Dedicated

        • 09040306 Switch Power Transformer 40:8:8:8+/-1% (6-10):(1-2):(2-3):(3-4)-0.107mH-+/-10%- 0.24ohm-TDK PC40EF12.6-Z-17.6*13.5*10.5,Designed for use with Si3210M

        • 14200030 Socket,Square Hole,16PIN,Double Row Straight,Hole Spacing 2.54mm,Plastic Body Height 8.51mm/Pin Tail Length 2.54mm,THT

        • 16060015 Slide Switch,DPDT,30VDC,0.3A,PCB THT,4.3mm,ON-ON,14*6.5*11,Side,Handle length 8mm,Terminal Dedicated

        • 39110327 Control Chip, PWM Controller,SO16,Mobile Dedicated

        • 51660656 DKBA4.140.1486MX,Plastic Cover(1500 mAh),ETS1000

        • 13080016 Duplexer-824~849MHz(TX),869~894MHz(RX),1.7-2.1-54-Terminal Dedicated- 3.0mm*2.5mm

        • 13010155 SAW Filter,836.5,2.3dB,1.4*1.1mm,Terminal Dedicated

        • 47100136 Power Module,824~ 849MHz,27dB(High Gain)/17dB(Low Gain),M9 3*3mm

        • 39200061 Terminal Dedicated IC,CDMA2000 1X Digital Processor QSC6020,3.0/3.6/4.2/5.0V,BGA351(Pb-Free),Terminal Dedicated

        • 40060149 FLASH,64MbitFlash+16MbitPsaram,54MHz,64KB,1.8V,BGA88(Pb-Free),AD MUX,Terminal Dedicated

        • 12020140 Crystal,19.2MHz,7pF,+/-10ppm,70ohm,3.2*2.5*0.6mm,Terminal Dedicated

        • 12020123 Crystal resonator-0.032768MHz-12.5pF-20ppm-65000ohm-SX4-For Handset only

        • 13010097 SAW FILTER,881.5MHz,2.2dB,100V,SMT-5PIN,Mobile Dedicated

    1