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EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPENNE EUROPISCHE NORM


ICS 97.080


EN

60335-2-79

September 2009
Supersedes EN 60335-2-79:2004 + A1:2006 + A2:2007

English version

Household and similar electrical appliances Safety Part 2-79: Particular requirements for high pressure cleaners and steam cleaners

(IEC 60335-2-79:2002 + A1:2004 + A2:2007, modified)


ApparelIs dectrodomestiques et analogues -

S6curit6 Partie 2-79: Rgles particuli6res pour les appareils de nettoyage haute pression et les appareils de nettoyage vapeur (CEI 60335-2-79:2002 + A1:2004 + A2:2007, modifi6s)

Sicherheit elektrischer Gerte fr den Hausgebrauch und hnliche Zwecke Tell 2-79: Besondere Anforderungen fr Hochdruckreiniger und Dampfreiniger (IEC 60335-2-79:2002 + A1:2004 + A2:2007, modifiziert)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2009-09-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and noti fi ed to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the
Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization Comit6 Europ6en de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europisches Komitee fr Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels
@ 2009 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members. Ref. No. EN 60335-2-79:2009 E

EN 60335-2-79:2009

2 Foreword

In the light of the necessity to adapt EN 60335-2-79 with regard to the requirements of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC, a draft was prepared by CENELEC TC61/VVG6/J in co-operation with the MD Consultant, taking also into account the results of CENELEC TC61/WG6 work on EN 60335-1. The approach to amend EN 60335-2-79:2004 aiming toward listing the standard under the MD was discussed and approved during the Kista meeting of CENELEC TC 61 in June 2008 (see CLC/TC 61/SEC/1649), when it was decided to submit a draft for an amendment to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. The draft was circulated as FprAC in December of EN 60335-2-79 on 2009-09-01. This European Standard supersedes EN

2008 and was approved by CENELEC as a new edition

60335-2-79:2004 + A1:2006 + A2:2007.

In this European Standard the common modifications to the International Standard IEC 60335-2-79:2002

+ A1:2004 + A2:2007 are indicated by a vertical line in the left margin of the text.
The following dates are applicable: latest date by which the EN has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the EN have to be withdrawn

(dop) (dow)

2009-12-29 2009-12-29

This Part 2 has to be used in conjunction with EN 60335-1, Household and similar electrical appliances Safety Part 1: General requirements. It was established on the basis of the 2002 edition of that standard. Amendments and revisions of Part 1 have also to be taken into account and the dates when such changes become applicable will be stated in the relevant amendment or revision of Part 1. This Part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses of EN 60335-1, so as to convert it into the European Standard: Safety requirements for high pressure cleaners and steam cleaners. When a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this Part 2, that subclause applies. When this standard states "addition", "modification" or "replacement", the relevant text of Part 1 is to be adapted accordingly. This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and covers essential requirements of EC Directive 2006/42/EC. See Annex ZZ. NOTE 1 The following numbering system is used: subclauses, tables and figures that are numbered starting from 101 are additional to those in Part 1; unless notes are in a new subclause or involve notes in Part 1, they are numbered starting from 101, including those in a replaced clause or subclause; additional annexes are lettered AA, BB, etc.;

subclauses, notes and annexes that are additional to those in the IEC standard are prefixed with the letter Z.

NOTE 2 The following print types are used: requirements: in roman type;

3 -

EN 60335-2-79:2009

- test specifications: in italic type;


notes: in small roman type. Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and the associated noun are also in bold. There are no special national conditions causing a deviation from this European Standard, other than those listed in Annex ZA to EN 60335-1. There are no national deviations from this European Standard, other than those listed in Annex EN 60335-1.

ZB to

EN 60335-2-79:2009

4-

Contents
Introduction 1 Scope 2 Normative references 3 Definitions 4 General requirement 5 General conditions for the tests 6 Classification 7 Marking and instructions 8 Protection against access to live parts 9 Starting of motor-operated appliances 10 Power input and current 11 Heating 12 Void 13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature 14 Transient overvoltages 15 Moisture resistance 16 Leakage current and electric strength 17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits 18 Endurance 19 Abnormal operation 20 Stability and mechanical hazards 21 Mechanical strength 22 Construction 23 Internal wiring 24 Components 25 Supply connection and external flexible cords 26 Terminals for external conductors 27 Provision for earthing 28 Screws and connections 29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation 30 Resistance to heat and fire 31 Resistance to rusting 32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards Annex AA (normative) Requirements to avoid backsiphonage Annex BB (normative) Analysis method for determining the necessary safety device to prevent
backsiphonage 6 7 8 8

11 11 11 12 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18
20

20
20

21
23 25 26 29 29 30

31 31 31 31 31 32
32

37 43
46 48

Annex ZAA (normative) Measurement of acoustical noise Annex ZC (normative) Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications Annex ZE (informative) Specific additional requirements for appliances and machines intended for commercial use

50

EN 60335-2-79:2009 50 51

Annex ZZ (informative) Coverage of Essential Requirements of Directive 2006/421EC Bibliography

Figure 101 Warning symbol Figure 102 Impact test apparatus Figure 103 Reactions on handle Figure 104 Warning symbol: Machine not suitable for connection to the potable water mains Figure 105 Warning symbol: Do not inhale fumes Figure AA.1 Arrangement for the durability test on backflow preventers with reduced pressure zone Figure BB.1 Example for an air break to drain

33 34 35 35 36 42 45

EN 60335-2-79:2009

Introduction
It has been assumed in the drafting of this European Standard that the execution of its provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons. This standard recognizes the internationally accepted level of protection against hazards such as electrical, mechanical, thermal, fire and radiation of machines when operated as in normal use taking into account the manufacturer's instructions. It also covers abnormal situations that can be expected in practice and takes into account the way in which electromagnetic phenomena can affect the safe operation of machines. This standard takes into account the requirements of IEC 60364 as far as possible so that there is compatibility with the wiring rules when the machine is connected to the supply mains. However, national wiring rules may differ. If a machine within the scope of this standard also incorporates functions that are covered by another Part 2 of EN 60335, the relevant Part 2 is applied to each function separately, as far as is reasonable. If applicable, the influence of one function on the other is taken into account. This standard is a product family standard dealing with the safety of machines and takes precedence over horizontal and generic standards covering the same subject. A machine that complies with the text of this standard will not necessarily be considered to comply with the safety principles of the standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to have other features that impair the level of safety covered by these requirements. A machine employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed in the requirements of this standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of the requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, may be considered to comply with the standard.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

Scope

This clause of Part

1 is replaced by the following.

This European Standard deals with the safety of high pressure cleaners without traction drive, intended for household and commercial indoor or outdoor use, having a rated pressure not less than 2,5 MPa and not exceeding 35 MPa. It also applies to steam cleaners and those parts of hot water high pressure cleaners incorporating a steam stage which have a capacity not exceeding 100 I, a rated pressure not exceeding 2,5 MPa and a product of capacity and rated pressure not exceeding 5 MPa.l. The following power systems of the drive for the high pressure pump are covered: mains powered motors up to a rated voltage of other machines, battery powered motors, internal combustion engines, hydraulic or pneumatic motors.

250 V for single-phase machines and 480 V for

This part 2 applies in conjunction with EN 60335-1:2002 and its amendments, which is referred to in this text as "Part 1". This part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses of Part 1 as indicated in the text. This standard does not apply to -

1829-1; steam cleaners intended for domestic use as covered by IEC 60335-2-54;
high pressure water jet machines as covered by EN machines designed to be part of a production process; machines designed for use in vehicles or on board of ships or aircraft; machines designed for use in corrosive or explosive environments (dust, vapour or gas); cleaners designed for medical application;

IEC 60745 (series); transportable motor-operated electric tools as covered by IEC 61029 (series);
hand-held motor-operated electric tools as covered by machines for application of coating; NOTE Z101 EN 1953 gives requirements for atomising and spraying equipment for coating materials. EN 12621 gives requirements for machinery for the supply and circulation of coating and/or auxiliary materials under pressure. agricultural sprayers; NOTE Z102 EN 907 gives requirements for sprayers and liquid fertilizer distributors for agricultural and forestry purposes. non-liquid, solid abrasive cleaners.

NOTE Z103 Attention is drawn to the fact that in many countries additional requirennents on the safe use of the equipment covered may be speci fi ed by the national health authorities, the national authorities responsible for the protection of labour, the national water supply authorities and similar authorities.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

2 Normative references
This clause of Part Addition:

1 is applicable except as follows.

IEC 60335-2-54, Household and similar electrical appliances Safety Part 2-54: Particular requirements for surface cleaning appliances for household use employing liquids or steam IEC 60364-1, Electrical installations of buildings Part characteristics, definitions 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general

IEC 60745 series, Hand-held motor-operated electric tools Safety IEC 61029 series, Safety of transportable motor-operated electric tools IEC 61558-2-3, Safety of power transformers, power supply units and similar Part requirements for ignition transformers for gas and oil burners
of hose sets ISO 3743-1, Acoustics Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure Engineering method for small, movable sources in reverberant fields Part 1: Comparison method for hard-walled test rooms ISO 3744, Acoustics Determination of sound power levels and sound energy levels of noise sources using sound pressure Engineering method for an essentially free field over a reflecting plane ISO 4871, Acoustics Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment ISO 5349-1, Mechanical vibration Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to hand-transmitted vibration Part 1: General requirements ISO 11203, Acoustics Noise emitted by machinery and equipment Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions from the sound power level EN 1829-1, High pressure water jet machines Safety requirements Part

2-3: Particular

IEC 61770, Electric appliances connected to the water mains Avoidance of backsiphonage and failure

1: Machine?)

3 Definitions
This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

3.1.9 Replacement: normal operation


conditions under which the machine is operated in normal use It denotes the operation at rated flow and rated pressure with the appropriate nozzle and hose line fitted, all strainers and filters in a clean operating condition and the unloader valve set to the rated pressure. The water heater, if fitted, is operated at maximum power. Electric motor driven machines are supplied at rated voltage. Power outlets for accessories are loaded with a resistive load in accordance with the marking. *) At draft stage.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

The burner is operated at rated power. Machines designed for operation at more than one rated power setting are additionally tested at the most disadvantageous power. On machines designed for use with a flue pipe, a section of flue pipe is attached to the machine. Flue gas determinations are taken in this flue pipe. The draught is adjusted as recommended in the instructions

3.101 unloader valve


pressure operated device which, when the pump pressure exceeds a preset value, releases the pressure and leads the excess fluid into the inlet system. In addition it bypasses the total pump flow at reduced pressure when its outlet flow is cut off

3.102 safety valve


pressure operated device which, when the pump or steam cleaner pressure exceeds a preset value, releases the pressure and which may return the excess fluid or steam either to the inlet system or into the atmosphere

3.103 rated pressure


maximum working pressure at the pressure generator during normal operation

3.104 allowable pressure


maximum pressure up to which a machine and/or parts of the machine may be subjected without impairing its safety

3.105 rated flow


maximum flow at

rated pressure at the nozzle during normal operation

3.106 water heater


device for heating the

cleaning agent by means of electricity, gas, liquid fuel or heat exchange

3.107 cleaning agent


water with or without the addition of gaseous, soluble or miscible detergent or solid abrasive

3.108 pressure switch


device which, in response to varying fluid pressure, provides a controlling function at a pre-set value

3.109 flow switch


device which, in response to a varying rate of fluid flow, provides a controlling function at a pre-set value

3.110 flame safety control


control device that responds directly to flame properties sensing the presence of flame and, in event of ignition failure or unintentional flame extinguishment, causes safety shut down NOTE Flame safety controls are also known as flanne failure devices or primary safety controls.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

10

3.111 trigger gun hand-held spraying device where the flow of the cleaning agent is regulated by an integrated manually operated control device 3.112 continuous ignition ignition of an oil or gas fired burner that is continuously maintained throughout the time the burner is operational, whether the burner is firing or not 3.113 rated temperature maximum temperature of the cleaning agent during normal operation 3.114 pencil jet nozzle nozzle that gives a concentrated, parallel water jet
NOTE Pencil jet nozzles are also known as needle jet nozzles, solid jet nozzles or 0 degree jet nozzles.

3.115 water jetter pipe-cleaning device, connected to and controlled by a trigger gun, consisting of a high pressure hose and a cleaning head with nozzles 3.116 motorized cleaning head hand-held or hand-guided cleaning device connected to the machine, with an integrated electrical motor 3.117 low pressure accessory device, connected to and controlled by a trigger gun, with large nozzle openings generating a pressure below rated pressure
NOTE Typical examples of low pressure accessories are washing brushes, foam nozzles, washing sponges.

3.118 hand-guided machine machine that needs to be moved on the floor 3.Z101 maximum flow rate highest possible flow at the nozzle
NOTE Typically, the maximum flow rate occurs at working pressures lower than rated pressure and with a nozzle designed for spraying of cleaning agents.

3.Z102 hose line assembly of high pressure hoses mounted with appropriate fittings 3.Z103 guard part of the machine specifically designed to provide protection by means of a physical barrier 3.Z104 operator person installing, operating, adjusting, maintaining, cleaning or moving the machine

11

EN 60335-2-79:2009

32105
test solution a solution which consists of 20 g of NaCI and 1 ml of a solution of sulphate in each 8 I of water NOTE The chemical designation of dodecyl sodium sulphate is C12H25NaSO4.

28 % by mass of dodecyl sodium

3.Z106
risk probability of being exposed to an injury or damage to health

3.Z107
commercial use intended use of machines covered by this standard in a professional way For the purpose of this standard commercial use may be read as not intended for domestic use

General requirement

This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

Replace the first paragraph by the following: Machines shall be constructed so that they function safely so as to cause no danger to persons or surroundings during normal use, even in the event of carelessness, and during installation, adjusting, maintenance, cleaning, repairing or transportation. Addition: For the purpose of this standard, the term 'appliance' as used in Part

1 is to be read as 'machine'.

General conditions for the tests

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows. Addition:

5.Z101 The test solution is stored in a cool atmosphere and used within seven days after its preparation. 5.Z1 02 Protective devices and safety valves shall remain fully functional but not trip under normal
operation.

6 Classification
This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

6.1 Replacement:
Machines shall be one of the following classes with respect to the protection against contact with live parts: class I, class II, or class III.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

- 12 -

However, hand-held appliances and hand-held parts of steam cleaners and high pressure cleaners shall be class II or class III.

Compliance is checked by inspection and by the relevant tests.


6.2

Replacement:

The machines shall have a degree of protection against harmful ingress of water according to Table 101:

Table 101 - Degree of protection against harmful ingress of water


Protection class (electric shock) for indoor use only Steam cleaners for outdoor use Hand-held parts Hand-held appliances High pressure cleaners Other types of machines Hand-held parts I II III I-II-111 II III II-111 I-II-111 II-III Protection degree (IEC 60529) IPX4 IPX3 IPX5 IPX7 IPX3 IPX7 IPX5 IPX7

However, fixed appliances that are specified for installation in a separate room, where they will not be subject to spillage or splashing of water, shall be at least IPXO.

Compliance is checked by inspection and by the relevant tests.

7 Marking and instructions


This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

7.1 Replace the 4th dashed item as follows:


the business name and address of the manufacturer and, if applicable, his authorized representative; any address shall be sufficient to ensure postal contact;

Addition:
Machines shall be marked in addition with the following: serial number, if any; designation of the machine, may be achieved by a combination of letters and/or numbers; designation of series or type, allowing the technical identification of the product. This may be achieved by a combination of letters and/or numbers and may be combined with the designation of machine; the year of construction, that is the year in which the manufacturing process is completed;

rated pressure in Pascal; allowable pressure in Pascal; rated flow in litre per minute; maximum flow rate in litre per minute, if necessary. The number of flow rate markings is limited to
two;

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EN 60335-2-79:2009

maximum rated temperature where this is above 50 C; maximum power of the water heater in kW, if applicable (for electric heaters the input power, for gasfired or oil-fired heaters the output power).

Machines equipped with wheels shall be marked with the mass of the most usual configuration in kg. A yellow label with black lines showing the substance of the warning symbols in accordance with Figure 101 shall be permanently fixed to the machine. Machines shall be marked in addition with the following, if applicable: When the surface of a flue or duct for exhaust gases from the heater exceeds a temperature rise of 60 K, a warning notice shall be fitted near to the hot surface stating WARNING Hot. Do not touch. This wording may be replaced by symbol IEC 60417-5041. The height of the lettering shall be not less than 4 mm. Steam cleaners shall be marked with symbol IEC 60417-5597. Machines not intended to be connected to the potable water mains shall be marked with the symbol according to Figure 104, coloured as shown or in monochrome colour. Machines that are designed to be used indoors and are powered by internal combustion engines, except LPG-powered engines, shall be marked with the symbol according to Figure 105.

Compliance is checked by inspection.

7.1.Z101 All high pressure hoses shall be marked with the following: allowable pressure in Pascal or bar; maximum temperature in degrees Celsius; business name of the manufacturer of the hose and the date of production. These data may be coded.

Compliance is checked by inspection.

7.1.Z102 All high pressure accessories (e.g. trigger gun, spray lance) shall be marked with the following: allowable pressure in Pascal or bar; maximum temperature in degrees Celsius.

Compliance is checked by inspection.

7.1.Z103 Motorized cleaning heads shall be marked with their model or type reference.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

7.1.Z104 Power outlets for accessories shall be marked with the maximum load in watts on the power outlet or close to it.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

14

7.6 Addition:

[symbol I EC 60417-5597]

steam

7.12 Addition:
The front cover of the instructions shall include the substance of the following warning: WARNING Read the instructions before using the machine. This wording may be replaced by symbols

0434 and either 1641 or 0790 of ISO 7000. version(s) verified by the manufacturer.

The words "Original instructions" shall appear on the language The instructions shall contain at least the following:

the business name and full address of the manufacturer and, if applicable, his authorized representative; designation of series or type of the machine as marked on the machine itself, except for the serial number; the general description of the machine; the intended use of the machine and the auxiliary equipment as covered by the scope of this standard; the meaning of the symbols used on the machine and in the instructions; drawings, diagrams, descriptions and explanations necessary for the safe use, maintenance and repair of the machine and for checking its correct functioning; technical data including the markings on the machine and the maximum inlet water pressure in Pascal; information regarding putting into service, safe operation, handling, transportation, and storage of the machine taking into account its weight; instructions to enable adjustment and maintenance to be carried out safely, including the protective measures that should be taken during these operations; the conditions in which the machine meets the requirement of stability during use, transportation, assembly, dismantling when out of service, testing or foreseeable breakdowns; the operating method to be followed in the event of accident (e.g. contact with detergents: rinse with an abundance of clean water) or breakdown to prevent unsafe situations.

The instructions shall indicate the type and frequency of inspections and maintenance required for safe operation including the preventive maintenance measures. They shall, if applicable, give the specifications of the spare parts if they affect the health and safety of the operator. In addition, the instructions shall give the following information, if applicable: information about appropriate Personnel Protection Equipment (PPE) for high pressure cleaners in operation e. g. safety boots, safety gloves, safety helmets with visors, hearing protection etc. which shall be worn while operating the equipment; instructions for water jetters shall be given, such as "Insert hose to red mark before turning on the machine"; adequate information about the connection with the water mains, including the maximum inlet pressure, if not given on the rating plate;

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EN 60335-2-79:2009

adequate information about the nozzles to be used, the danger of the kickback force and the sudden torque on the spray assembly when opening the trigger gun; the kickback forces if they exceed 20 N; the functioning of the safety devices, e.g. safety valves, flow switches, pressure switches; for battery operated machines, the precautions to be taken for safe charging; information regarding safe disposal of batteries; for mains operated machines the substance of the following: The electric supply connection shall be made by a qualified electrician and comply with I EC 60364-1. It is recommended that the electric supply to this machine should include either a residual current device that will interrupt the supply if the leakage current to earth exceeds 30 mA for 30 ms or a device that will prove the earth circuit. For oil fired machines without a flame safety control, the substance of the following: This machine must be attended during operation. For fixed appliances intended to be used in a dry independent room, and for steam cleaners intended for indoor use only, the substance of the following: Do not splash or wash down.

For machines intended to be connected to the potable water mains, the instructions shall give the following information, if applicable: adequate information for the correct connection to the potable water mains; necessary length and quality of the water supply hose; necessary measures for conversion of the connection from supply from the potable water mains to supply from other water sources.

For machines not intended to be connected to the potable water mains, the instructions shall give the following information, if applicable: adequate information for the correct connection to the water supply; adequate information about suction operation; necessary length and quality of the water supply hose; necessary measures for conversion of the connection from supply from other water sources to supply from the potable water mains.

7.122101 The instructions shall include information on airborne noise emission as indicated in ZAA.2.7. 7.12.Z102 The instructions shall give the following information: the vibration total value to which the hand-arm system is subjected, measured in accordance with ISO 5349-1 for arm vibrations, the machine being supplied at rated voltage or at the maximum rated voltage for machines with a range of voltages, if it exceeds 2,5 m/s2. Where this value does not exceed 2,5 m/s2, this shall be mentioned; the uncertainty surrounding this value.

These values shall be either those actually measured for the machine in question or those established on the basis of measurements taken for a technically comparable machine which is representative of the machine being produced. Regarding operating conditions during measurement and the methods used for measurement, the reference of the harmonised standard applied (EN 60335-2-79) must be specified

EN 60335-2-79:2009

16

7.12.Z103 The instructions shall include warnings concerning ways in which the machine shall not be
used that experience has shown might occur. At least, it shall include the substance of the following warnings, if applicable. WARNING This machine has been designed for use with the cleaning agent supplied or recommended by the manufacturer. The use of other cleaning agents or chemicals may adversely affect the safety of the machine. WARNING High pressure jets can be dangerous if subject to misuse. The jet must not be directed at persons, live electrical equipment or the machine itself. WARNING Do not use the machine within range of persons unless they wear protective clothing. WARNING Do not direct the jet against yourself or others in order to clean clothes or foot-wear. WARNING Risk of explosion Do not spray flammable liquids. WARNING High pressure cleaners shall not be used by children or untrained personnel. WARNING High pressure hoses, fittings and couplings are important for the safety of the machine. Use only hoses, fittings and couplings recommended by the manufacturer. WARNING To ensure machine safety, use only original spare parts from the manufacturer or approved by the manufacturer. WARNING Water that has flown through

backflow preventers is considered to be non-potable.

A warning that the machine shall be disconnected from its power source during cleaning or maintenance and when replacing parts or converting the machine to another function: for mains operated machines by removing the plug from the socket-outlet; for battery operated machines by safely disconnecting at least the non-earthed pole of the battery or by an equivalent method (disconnecting device);

for internal combustion engine powered machines by removing the ignition key and by disconnecting the battery. NOTE Where no ignition key and no battery exist the disconnection may be achieved by equivalent means. WARNING Do not use the machine if a supply cord or important parts of the machine are damaged, e.g. safety devices, high pressure hoses, trigger gun. WARNING If an extension cord is used, the plug and socket must be of watertight construction. WARNING Inadequate extension cords can be dangerous. WARNING Do not use combustion engine powered machines indoors unless adequate ventilation is assessed by national labour authorities. WARNING Ensure that any exhaust emissions are not in the vicinity of air intakes. WARNING For gas or oil-heated machines it is important to provide adequate ventilation and make sure that the flue gases are properly discharged. Instructions for machines where gas or liquid fuel are used shall also include the specification of the correct fuel and the substance of the following: WARNING Incorrect fuels shall not be used as they may prove hazardous. Instructions for machines having a current-carrying hose, operating at other than

safety extra-low

voltage, shall also include the substance of the following:


WARNING This hose contains electrical connections: do not use it to collect water and do not immerse in water for cleaning.

17

EN 60335-2-79:2009

8 Protection against access to live parts


This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

8.1 Addition:
Water and water-borne cleaning agents are considered conductive. [addition to 8.1.4 deleted]

9 Starting of motor-operated appliances


This clause of Part 1 is not applicable except as follows. It shall only be possible to start the machine by intended actuation of a control device provided for the purpose. The same requirement applies when restarting the machine after a stoppage, whatever the cause. Compliance is checked by inspection and by test

10 Power input and current


This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

[addition to 10.1 deleted] Addition:

10.101 At normal operation the pressure shall not deviate more than 10 % from the rated pressure.
Compliance is checked by measurement During measurement the heat exchanger is adjusted to the highest water temperature during high pressure cleaning mode.

11 Heating
This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

11.4 Modification:
Replace "Heating appliances" by "Electric heating appliances".

11.7 Addition:
Machines are operated until steady conditions are established.

11.101 The maximum temperature of the flue gases shall not exceed 400 C.
The amount of smoke in the flue gases shall not exceed, -

2 Shell-Bacharach smoke spot; for vaporising burners, that corresponding to a No. 2 Shell-Bacharach smoke spot.
for atomising and wall burners, that corresponding to a No.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

18 0,04 % (volume) on an air-free

The amount of carbon monoxide (CO) in the flue gases shall not exceed and dry basis.

Compliance is checked by measurements under the conditions specified in 11.2 to 11.7, taking into account the following: The required test observations are recorded for any test input for the machine. After 15 min of operation, samples of the flue gas are taken at a point between the flue outlet and the draught hood. Operation is considered to be stable when three consecutive samples taken at 15 min intervals show consistent analysis values.

11.102 Hoses, spray lances and fittings containing the cleaning agent shall withstand at least the rated temperature.
Compliance is checked by measurement under the conditions specified in 11.2 to 11.7.

11.103 Adequate protection against unintentional contact with hot metal parts by the user shall be ensured. The protection means shall be considered as an external enclosure.
Compliance is checked by inspection and by measurement under the conditions specified in 11.2 to 11.7.

11.104 Where liquid fuel is used the temperature of the fuel in the tank shall not exceed a temperature of 10 C below the flash-point temperature, if there is a source of ignition in contact with the air/fuel mixture.
Compliance is checked by measurement under the conditions specified in 11.2 to 11.7.

12 Void 13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature


This clause of Part

1 is applicable.

14 Transient overvoltages
This clause of Part

1 is applicable.

15 Moisture resistance
This clause of Part

1 is applicable except as follows.

15.2 Replacement:
All machines shall be constructed so that spillage of liquid due to

normal operation,

filling including overfilling, and overturning of hand-guided machines, hand-held appliances and unstable machines

does not affect their electrical insulation. Compliance is checked by the following test

19

EN 60335-2-79:2009

The machine is placed on a support inclined at an angle of 10 0 to the horizontal, the liquid container being filled to haff the level indicated in the instructions. A machine is considered to be unstable if it overturns when a force of 180 N is applied to the top of the machine in the most unfavourable horizontal direction. Machines with type X attachment, except those having a specially prepared cord, are fitted with the lightest permissible type of flexible cord of the smallest cross-sectional area specified in Table 11.

Hand-guided machines and hand-held appliances and machines that are unstable are then, with the containers completely filled for the float tank, if any, and with the most conductive detergent for the detergent tank, if any, and with the cover lid in place, tilted from the most unfavourable of the normal positions of use, and are left in that position for 5 min, unless the machine returns automatically to its normal position of use.
Liquid containers that are filled by hand are completely filled with a saline solution of water containing approximately 1 % NaCI and a further quantity, equal to 15 % of the capacity of the container or 0,25 I, whichever is the greater, is poured in steadily over a period of 1 min.

Hand-held appliances and machines that are unstable are then, with the containers completely filled for
the float tank, if any, and with the most conductive detergent for the detergent tank, if any, and with the cover lid in place, overturned from the most unfavourable of the normal positions of use, and are left in that position for 5 min, unless the machine returns automatically to its normal position of use.

Motorized cleaning heads are placed in a tray, the base of which is level with the surface supporting the machine. The tray is filled with the test solution to a level of 5 mm above its base, this level being maintained throughout the test The machine including the motorized cleaning head is operated until its
liquid container is completely full and afterwards for a further 5 min. After each of these tests, the machine shall withstand the electric strength test of 16.3. There shall be no trace of liquid on insulation that reduces the the values specified in Clause 29.

clearances or creepage distances below

15.3 Modification:
The relative humidity shall be 93 % 6 %.

15.101 The insulation of motorized cleaning heads shall be resistant against the mechanical impact of picked up debris and sucked up liquids expected under normal use.
The following test is not applicable to working voltage up to 24 V.

motorized cleaning heads of class III construction having a

Compliance is checked by the following four tests. The motorized cleaning head is subjected to an impact test as described in IEC 60068-2-75, the value of the impact being 2 J. The motorized cleaning head is rigidly supported and three blows are applied to every point of the enclosure that is likely to be weak. It is then subjected to the free fall test procedure 1 of IEC 60068-2-32. It is dropped 4 000 times from a height of 100 mm onto a steel plate having a thickness of not less than 15 mm. It is dropped 1 000 times on its right side; 1 000 times on its left side; 1 000 times on its front face; 1 000 times on its cleaning surface.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

20

The motorized cleaning head is then subjected to the test described in 14.2.7 of IEC 60529, using the test solution. The motorized cleaning head sha ll then withstand the electric strength test of 16.3, the voltage being applied between the live parts and the test solution. There sha ll be no trace of saline solution on insulation that reduces clearances and creepage distances below the values specified in Clause 29.
16

Leakage current and electric strength

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

16.3 Addition: Current-carrying hoses, except for their electrical connections, are immersed for 1 h in a saline solution of water containing approximately 1 % Na CI, at a temperature of 20 C 5 C. While the hose is stN immersed, a voltage of 2 000 V is applied for 5 min between each conductor and all the other conductors connected together. A voltage of 3 000 V is then applied for 1 min between all the conductors and the saline solution.
17

Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits

This clause of Part 1 is applicable.

18 Endurance
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

18.101 The insulation, contacts and connections shall not be damaged and shall not work loose, as result of heating, vibration, etc. For motor-operated appliances, compliance is checked by the tests of 18.102 and 18.106, and by such of the additional tests of 18.103 to 18.105 as applicable. 18.102 The machine is operated under normal operation and at rated voltage for 96 h, reduced by the running time necessa ry for the tests of Clauses 11 and 13. Machines are operated continuously, or for a corresponding number of periods, each period being not less than 8 h. The specified operating time is the actual running time. If the machine incorporates more than one motor, the operating times specified apply to each motor separately. The test sha ll be carried out with a cleaning agent that has not been heated. All hose lines are coiled on concrete during this test 18.103 Machines are started under normal operation, 50 times at a voltage equal to 1,1 times rated voltage and 50 times at a voltage equal to 0,85 times rated voltage, the duration of each period of supply being at least equal to ten times the time necessaty from start of full speed, but not less than 10 s.

21

EN 60335-2-79:2009

An interval sufficient to prevent overheating and at least equal to three times the period of supply is introduced after each running period. 18.104 Machines provided with a centrifugal or other automatic starting switch are started 10 000 times under normal operation and at a voltage equal to 0,9 times rated voltage, the operating cycle being that specified in 18.103. Forced cooling may be used, if necessary. 18.105 Machines provided with self-resetting thermal cut-outs shall work reliably under overvoltage conditions. Compliance is checked by the following test The machine is supplied at a voltage equal to 1,1 times rated voltage, under such a load as will cause the thermal cut-out to operate within a few minutes, until the thermal cut-out has performed 200 cycles of operation. 18.106 After the tests of 18.102 to 18.105, the machine shall withstand the tests of Clause 16. Connections, handles, guards, brush-caps and other fittings or components shall not have worked loose, and there shall be no deterioration impairing safety in normal use. 19

Abnormal operation

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows. 19.1 Addition: The test of 19.7 is not applicable to the pump motor of three-phase machines. 19.7 Addition: Motorized cleaning heads are tested with the rotating brush or similar device locked for 30 s. 19.11.2 Addition: Contactors complying with the relevant IEC standard shall not be open-circuited or short-circuited, provided the appropriate standard covers the conditions that occur with the machine. However, locking in the ON-position of the main contacts of a contactor intended for switching on and off the electrical heating element(s) in normal use is considered to be a fault condition, unless the machine is provided with at least two sets of contacts connected in series. This condition is, for example, achieved by providing two contactors operating independently of each other or by providing one contactor having two independent armatures operating two independent sets of main contacts. 19.101 For oil-fired and fan-assisted gas-fired machines the following applies. When the combustion air supply to a machine having fan-assisted draught is partially or completely blocked, the machine shall either continue to operate safely or the fuel supply shall be shut off. Compliance is checked by applying 11.101 under the test conditions specified in 19.101.1 and 19.101.2. 19.101.1 The exhaust flue is blocked with a flat metal plate of sufficient area to cover the entire aperture. It is placed in the most disadvantageous way on top Qf the flue.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

22

19.101.2 With the machine under normal operation, the combustion air intake is restricted. The air intake to the burner assembly is blocked by means of an adequately sized terry-towel introduced with no force whatsoever. 19.102 For atmospheric gas-fired machines the following applies. 19.102.1 With the outlet of the draught hood blocked, the concentration of carbon monoxide in an air-free sample of the flue gases shall not exceed 0,04 %.
Compliance is checked by inspection and by the following test. The machine is tested in an atmosphere having a normal oxygen supply. The machine is operated for at least 15 min at normal test pressure. The outlet of the draught hood is then blocked and a sample of the flue gases is secured and analysed. The amount of CO in the flue gases shall not exceed 0,04 % (volume) on an air-free and dry basis.

19.102.2 Total downdraught pressures ranging from 0 Pa to 13 Pa imposed at the outlet of the draught
hood shall not extinguish the main burner flames nor cause them to flash back, lift, float or burn outside the machine, nor produce a concentration of carbon monoxide in an air-free sample of the flue gases in excess of 0,04 %. Compliance is checked by inspection and by the following test The machine is tested in an atmosphere having a normal oxygen supply. The machine is operated for at least 15 min at normal test pressure. A straight section of flue pipe of suitable diameter and of a length at least equal to ten pipe diameters is attached directly to the outlet of the draught hood and connected to the outlet of a blower. The total draught pressure is measured with a resolution of 1 Pa in the straight section of the flue pipe at a point midway between its ends so that the measuring head is coincident with the axis of the flue pipe. The draught in the flue pipe is varied from the minimum total pressure to the maximum value specified and the effect noted. A sample of the flue gases is secured and analysed. The amount of CO in the flue gases shall not exceed 0,04 % (volume) on an air-free and dry basis.

19.102.3 Downdraughts imposed as stated for the main burner shall not extinguish the pilot burner flames nor cause them to flash back when they are operated separately from the main burner(s).
The construction of a machine equipped with a power burner or operating under forced or induced draught shall be such that its performance is not impaired by chimney draughts or chimney stoppage. With the flue outlet or outlet of the draught diverting device, if one is provided, blocked to any degree up to and including complete closure, the concentration of carbon monoxide in an air-free sample of the flue gases shall not exceed 0,04 %. Compliance is checked by inspection and by the following test The machine is tested in an atmosphere having a normal oxygen supply. The machine is operated for at least 15 min at normal test pressure. When the machine incorporates a control to automatically shut off the main gas supply under blocked flue conditions, the area of the flue outlet is gradually decreased to the lowest point at which the control will remain in its open position. A sample of the flue gases is then taken and analysed. In case outage occurs, raw gas shall not be forced into the combustion chamber on reopening of the flue outlet

23

EN 60335-2-79:2009

The amount of CO in the flue gases shall not exceed 0,04 % (volume) on an air-free and dry basis. 19.102.4 Total downdraught pressures ranging from 0 Pa to 13 Pa imposed at the flue outlet or outlet of the draught diverting device, if provided, shall not extinguish the main burner flames nor cause them to flash back, lift, float, burn outside the machine, nor produce a concentration of carbon monoxide in an airfree sample of the flue gases in excess of 0,04 %. Compliance is checked by inspection and by the following test The machine is tested in an atmosphere having a normal oxygen supply. A straight section of flue pipe of suitable diameter and of a length at least equal to 10 pipe diameters is attached directly to the flue outlet or the outlet of the draught diverting device and connected to the outlet of a blower. The total draught pressure is measured with a resolution of 1 Pa in the straight section of flue pipe at a point midway between its ends so that the head of the measuring device is coincident with the axis of the flue pipe. The total downdraught pressure is adjusted to 13 Pa. The machine is then operated for at least 15 min. A sample of the flue gases is taken and analysed. The total downdraught pressure is then varied from 0 Pa to 13 Pa and the effect on the main bumer flames noted. The amount of CO in the flue gases shall not exceed 0,04 % (volume) on an air-free and dry basis. 19.103 The machine shall be able to start with a successful ignition even under undervoltage condition, if applicable. Compliance is checked by the following test The machine is supplied with 0,75 times its rated voltage. Starting the machine shall not lead to a hazardous condition. 20

Stability and mechanical hazards

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows. 20.1 Replace the first sentence by: Machines, other than fixed appliances, hand-held appliances and hand-guided machines, intended to be used on a surface such as the floor or a table, shall have adequate mechanical stability when in use. Compliance is checked by inspection. 20.101 Pumps, pipes, hoses, hose connectors, couplers, seals, valves and other components that are likely to carry cleaning agent, either directly or in solution shall be designed to withstand any mechanical, chemical or thermal stress that may occur during use at their maximum rated operating temperatures under normal operation. 1Compliance is checked by the following tests. Hoses, when tested at 85 C for 7 days with the normally diluted cleaning agent, shall not be damaged. Seals used in the construction of the machine shall not differ from untested seals when immersed in the normally diluted cleaning liquid at 85 C for 7 days and then rinsed in water.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

24

Metal used in the construction of the parts of the machine subjected to the pressure shall not be etched, pitted or corroded when immersed in the normally diluted cleaning liquid. A convenient specimen of metal (e.g. 200 mm x 200 mm x 2 mm) shall have its surface area recorded as dm2 then degreased in a solvent such as acetone or toluene, dried and weighed to the nearest 0,1 mg. This specimen shall be immersed in the cleaning solution at 85 C for 7 days. At the end of this time it shall be removed, rinsed in water, allowed to dry and the mass change calculated as mg/dm2. There shall be no significant signs of corrosion present on the test piece and the mass change shall be within

40 mg/dm2.
When testing for the suitability of hoses, seals and metals with the cleaning solution as above, duplicate tests sha ll be carried out using local potable water only as the test liquid. The results using water only sha ll be well within the allowed tolerances and will serve as a guide to the corrosiveness, etc. of the cleaning solution used in the test

20.102 Machines with water heaters shall be protected against overpressure occurring as a result of
heat applied to the water or water-borne cleaning agents. The machine shall be equipped with safety devices that do not allow the temperature to exceed the rated temperature + 20 K or the allowable pressure to be exceeded. Compliance is checked by inspection and by measurement

20.103 Oil-heated or gas-heated machines shall not cause uncontrolled combustion of gas or liquid fuel. They shall have a flame safety control unless they are oil-fired, portable and unless there is re-ignition during operation by a continuous ignition device.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

20.104 The unintentional closing and lowering of doors, lids, covers etc., which c6uld cause injury, shall
be prevented. Wheels or rollers for the transport of machines heavier than 20 kg shall be located or protected so that injury to the feet of the operator is prevented. Compliance is checked by inspection, by measurement and by manual test

20.Z101 Vibration
The machine shall be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from vibrations produced by the machine are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of means of reducing vibration, in particular at source. The handles shall be designed and constructed in such a way as to reduce the vibrations transmitted to the upper limbs of the operator to the lowest level that is reasonably possible. Compliance is checked by inspection.

25

EN 60335-2-79:2009

21

Mechanical strength 1 is applicable except as follows.

This clause of Part

21.1 Replacement of the first paragraph:


Machines and their components and fittings shall have adequate mechanical strength and be constructed to withstand such rough handling that may be expected in normal use, during transportation, assembly, dismantling, scrapping and any other action involving the machine. Modification in the third paragraph: The impact value is increased to 1,0 J 0,04 J.

21.101 Parts subjected to the rated pressure of the machine shall be of sufficient mechanical strength.
Compliance is checked by the fofiowing tests in 21.101.1 and 21.101.2.

21.101.1 The high pressure system is subjected to a static pressure test of two times the rated pressure for 5 min at room temperature.
The high pressure hose shall be subjected to a static pressure test of four times the rated pressure at room temperature, whereby the test pressure shall be reached between 15 and 30 s after starting at zero pressure. NOTE It will be necessary to render the pressure relief valve and/or alternative sensing device inoperative. During this test there shall be no rupture.

21.101.2 A supply hose, if any, is subjected to a static pressure test of two times the maximum inlet pressure for 5 min at room temperature.
During this test there shall be no rupture.

21.101.3 A low pressure accessory is subjected to a static pressure test of two times the measured
pressure in the system, when connected to the most severe high pressure cleaner it is intended to be used with, for 5 min at room temperature.

21.102 Pressure safety devices shall operate reliably.


Compliance is checked by the following test The pressure is increased to 110 % of the allowable pressure, or by 1,5 MPa for unheated machines, and the device shall operate.

21.103 Hand-held appliances, hand-guided machines and machines carried on the operator's body
in normal use and spray guns shall be resistant to dropping. Compliance is checked by the following test The machine and/or the spray gun is dropped from a height of 1 m onto a surface of hydraulically pressed concrete paving slabs. The test is made five times, the machine and/or spray gun being in a position such that its major axis is horizontal and so that a different part of the device is exposed to the impact each time.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

26

The machine or spray gun is then dropped five times, with its major axis vertical, and with the nozzle pointing downwards. After this test, the machine or spray gun shall show no damage to such an extent that compliance with this standard is impaired; in particular, live parts sha ll not have become accessible.
21.2101 During normal operation the allowable pressure shall not be exceeded.
The allowable pressure shall not exceed 1,5 times the

rated pressure.

Equipped with the nozzle for highest flow assigned by the manufacturer, the flow rate shall not deviate more than 10 % from the maximum rated flow.

Compliance is checked by measurement


22 Construction
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:

22.7 Addition:
Any safety device shall be either inaccessible to the user or it shall be evident that the setting of the safety valve is sealed and there is no provision for rendering the device inoperative.

Cleaning agent ejected from the safety valve shall be directed safely.
22.12 Addition:
It shall not be possible to disconnect parts of the high pressure system without impairing the safety within the meaning of this standard.

tools if this results in

22.35 Modification:

Delete the note. Addition:


These parts are subject to the hammer test of Clause 21. If this insulation does not meet the requirement of 29.3, these are subject to the following impact test.

A sample of the covered part is conditioned at a temperature of 70 C 2 C for 7 days (168 h). After conditioning, the sample is allowed to attain approximately room temperature. Inspection sha ll show that the covering has not shrunk to such an extent that the required insulation is no longer given or that the covering has not peeled off, so that it may move longitudinally. After this, the sample is maintained for 4 h at a temperature of 10 C 2 C. While stN at this temperature, the sample is then subjected to impact by means of the apparatus shown in Figure 102. The weight "A", having a mass of 0,3 kg, falls from a height of 350 mm onto the chisel "B" of hardened steel, the edge of which is placed on the sample. One impact is applied to each place where the insulation is likely to be weak or damaged during normal operation, the distance between the points of impact being at least 10 mm.

27

EN

60335-2-79:2009

After this test, it shall show that the insulation has not peeled off and an electric strength test as specified in 16.3 is made between metal parts and metal foil wrapped round the insulation in the required area. 22.47 Not applicable.

22.48 Replace the existing text of the test by:


Compliance is checked by the relevant tests of IEC 61770, as modified in Annex AA of this standard.

22.101 Machines shall be constructed so as to prevent the penetration of objects from the floor, which
may impair the safety of the machine. Machines shall have no opening less than 60 mm from the floor that could admit liquid to live parts. Compliance is checked by inspection and measurement

22.102 A drain hole for condensed water or spillage of any liquid shall have a diameter of not less than
5 mm
or

an area of not less than 30 mm2 , the width not

being

less than 3 nnm.

Compliance is checked by measurement.

22.103 The machine or the trigger gun shall be provided with a device for stopping the liquid flow to the nozzle. For hand-held washing devices, steam cleaners and trigger guns this device shall operate
automatically without hydraulic pressure
when

its operating means is not actuated by the user.

The operating means of hand-held washing devices, steam cleaners and trigger guns shall have a device by means of which it can be locked when the device is in the non-operating condition. Hand-held washing devices, steam cleaners and operating condition. The operating means shall be on a flat surface.
positioned

trigger guns shall not have any locking means in the

so that there is no risk of inadvertent actuation when put down

Water Otters shall not be operated by a valve lever that projects out from the apparatus in the
off-position in such a way that accidental contact would cause inadvertent actuation. Compliance is checked by inspection and the following test: The operating means of the trigger gun of a high pressure cleaner or of a hand-held washing device shall be locked in the non-operating condition. The pressure in the fluid system is adjusted to 2,5 MPa. The actuator of the operating means shall then be stressed for 1 min at room temperature with a force of 150 N, applied in the middle of the actuator in the normal direction of operation. During and after the test, there shall be no leakage of water. After the test, the locking device shall still be functionaL Drainage of water from the nozzle is permissible during the test of the first requirement 22.104 Machines, except steam cleaners, provided with a fixed or adjustable shall have a distance from the trigger to the nozzle greater than 750 mm. Compliance is checked by measurement

pencil jet nozzle facility

EN 60335-2-79:2009

28

22.105 Fitments on the high pressure hoses shall only be accomplished by the manufacturer or his
agent using specialist tools.

Water jetters shall have a clearly visible red marking around the high pressure hose at a distance of

50 cm from the rigid part of the nozzle.


Compliance is checked by inspection and measurement

22.106 Machines and their parts shall not have uncontrolled movement to a hazardous degree when
used in accordance with the manufacturers' instructions.

Portable appliances with wheels and having a mass exceeding 100 kg shall have a parking brake or
equivalent means. Compliance is checked by inspection.

22.107 The component of the reaction force of the nozzle in the direction of the spray gun, Fr, shall be limited to 150 N.
Fr is calculated as follows:

W = .V(200 x Ap)
where

W is the water exit velocity, in m/s; Ap is the rated pressure, in bar. F= WxQ 60

where

F is the reaction force in the direction of the nozzle, in newtons; Q is the rated flow, in l/min.
Fr = F x cos (a) where a is the angle between the nozzle and the spray lance, see Figure

103.

If the reaction force in the direction of the handle exceeds 150 N, the trigger gun shall be equipped with a support by which the reaction force is completely or partially transferred to the operator's body. Instead of a support, trigger guns can also be equipped with a two-hand activation mechanism that can only be operated when both operating elements are activated at the same time. Considering the middle of the finger grip as a pivot point, the torque reaction more than 20 Nm in any direction. T is calculated as follows:

T on the handle shall not be

T= Fx /x sin(a)
where

/ is the distance between nozzle and trigger, in m. See figure 103.


Compliance is checked by calculation and inspection.

29

EN 60335-2-79:2009

22.108 The trigger gun and lance shall be provided with two handles. One of the handles could be a suitable shape of the spraying pipe.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

22.109 High pressure cleaners shall be fitted with a switch or contactor in their supply circuit that ensures all-pole disconnection.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

22.Z101 The equivalent nozzle diameter of low pressure accessories shall not be less than 2 mm.
NOTE Nozzles with an equivalent diameter exceeding 2 mm used in a high pressure cleaner system are not considered to become clogged. Compliance is checked by inspection and measurement

22.Z102 Interlocking movable guards shall, as far as possible, remain attached to the appliance when open and they shall be designed and constructed in such a way that they can be adjusted only by means of an intentional action. Interlocking movable guards must be designed in such a way that the absence or failure of one of their components prevents starting or stops the hazardous functions of the appliance. Adjustable guards may be used only to restrict access to those areas of the moving parts strictly necessary for the work. They shall be manually or automatically adjustable based on the type of work involved and shall be adjustable without use of tools.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

22.Z103 Machines shall be designed in such a way to avoid incorrect mounting, if this can lead to an unsafe situation. If this is not possible information on the correct mounting shall be given directly on the part and/or the enclosure.
Compliance is checked by inspection.

22.Z104 For machines where the operator is required to use personal protective equipment (PPE), controls shall be designed in such a way that they can be operated safely.
Compliance is checked by inspection and by functional test
23

Internal wiring

This clause of Part 1 is applicable. 24 Components This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows: 24.1.2 Addition:
The relevant standard for ignition transformers is IEC 61558-2-3.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

30

24.1.3 Addition:
The mains disconnecting switch shall be suitable for at least 10 000 cycles of operations. Switches and mechanical devices operated by the trigger of the trigger gun shall be tested for 50 000 cycles of operations. After the test, the device should stop the liquid flow to the nozzle immediately. Small leakages are allowed.

24.7 Not applicable.


25

Supply connection and external flexible cords

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows:

25.1 Addition:
Three-phase machines are not required to be provided with a plug. Machines classified as IPX7 shall not be provided with an appliance inlet. Machines classified as IPX4, IPX5 or IPX6 shall not be provided with an appliance inlet, unless both inlet and connector have the same classification as the machine when coupled or separated, or unless inlet and connector can only be separated by the use of a tool and have the same classification as the machine when coupled. Machines provided with appliance inlets shall also be provided with an appropriate cord set.

25.7 Addition:
Supply cords of non-fixed machines shall not be less than 5 m in length.
However, for hand-held appliances and machines carried on the operator's body the supply cord shall be not less than 15 m. Ordinary tough rubber sheathed flexible cord shall not be used for this type of machine due to attack by cleaning agents, hence PVC or polychloroprene-sheathed flexible cords are acceptable for use at temperatures at or above 0 C. Only polychloroprene sheathed flexible cords (code designation 60245 IEC 57 or higher) are allowed for use at temperatures below 0 C. For industrial and commercial use, heavy polychloroprene sheathed flexible cord (code designation 60245 IEC 66 or higher specification) is required.

31

EN 60335-2-79:2009

25.15 Modification:
Replace Table 12 by the following:

Table 12 Pull force and torque


Mass of machine kg <1 Pull force N 30 60 125 Torque Nm 0,1 0,25 0,40

> 1 and < 4 >4

Addition: The test is also applied to the cord in the cord set for machines classified as IPX4 or higher that are provided with an appliance inlet. The cord set is fitted to the appliance inlet prior to the commencement of the test [addition to 25.23 deleted]
26

Terminals for external conductors

This clause of Part 1 is applicable.


27

Provision for earthing

This clause of Part 1 is applicable.


28

Screws and connections

This clause of Part 1 is applicable.


29

Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

29.1 Addition:
The requirement is not applicable to the air gap between the spark electrodes.

29.2 Addition:
The microenvironment is pollution degree 3 unless the insulation is enclosed or located so that it is unlikely to be exposed to pollution due to normal use of the machine.
30

Resistance to heat and fire

This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows. 30.2.3 Not applicable

EN 60335-2-79:2009

32

31

Resistance to rusting 1 is applicable.

This clause of Part


32

Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards

This clause of Part 1 is applicable.

33

EN 60335-2-79:2009

1EC 1295/02

Figure 101 Warning symbol

EN

60335-2-79:2009

34

c)
el

I
30

IEC 1272/02

Dimensions in

miffimeters

Key A Weight B Chisel C Fixing arm D Sample E Base having mass of 10 kg

Figure 102 Impact test apparatus

35

EN 60335-2-79:2009

1EC 1296/02

T=Fx/xsin(a)

Figure 103 Reactions on handle

Figure 104 Warning symbol: Machine not suitable for connection to the potable water mains

EN 60335-2-79:2009

- 36 -

| / |.

37

EN 60335-2-79:2009

Annexes
I The annexes of Part 1 are applicable, except as follows.

Annex AA (normative) Requirements to avoid backsiphonage


The requirements of IEC 61770 are applicable except as follows: 1 Scope
Replace the text of this clause by the following new text:

This standard specifies requirements for the connection of high pressure cleaners and steam cleaners to water mains having a water pressure not exceeding 1,2 MPa. These requirements are intended to prevent the backsiphonage of non-potable water into the potable water mains. The connection of the machine to the water mains may be temporary or permanent. 3 Definitions 3.3 Replace the note by:
NOTE Examples are airgaps and backflow preventers with reduced pressure zone.

3.4 Add, after "feed pipe and", the following:


".... the maximum or

LI

3.9 Add the following Note: For three-phase machines 5 s and for single phase machines 2 s may be appropriate.
Add the following new de finitions:

3.101 backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone safety device which artificially provides disconnection by the action or the reaction of one or more hydromechanical closing and venting devices activated by pressure differences 3.102 protection point location in a hydraulic circuit where a safety device is installed

EN 60335-2-79:2009

38

4 General requirements 4.2 Replace the existing text by: Backflow prevention devices shall be incorporated in, or fixed to, the machine or to the water supply system and constructed so that
their functional characteristics cannot be changed, even intentionally, their selection of the necessary safety level is in compliance with Annex BB.

4.3 Not applicable. 4.4 Not applicable. 5 General conditions for the tests
6.4 Replace the text by: Tests, except the functional and endurance tests on airgaps and backflow preventers with reduced pressure zone, are made on the machine, unless this is impracticable. The compliance is then checked by the tests according to Annex A of IEC 61770. NOTE During the functional and endurance tests, additional samples may be required. 7 Pipe interrupters This clause of IEC 61770 is not applicable.

8 Dynamic backflow preventers


This clause of

IEC 61770 is not applicable.

9 Hose-sets
This clause of

IEC 61770 is not applicable.

Add the following new clause:

10 Backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone 10.1 The settings of the action- and difference pressure of the device shall be fixed and not adjustable.
Only the pressure of the water of the supply network can operate the control of the internal components of the device. Possible additional control devices (electric, pneumatic) shall not adversely affect the function. When installed according to the instructions for use, the drain of the pressure zone shall point downwards.

backflow protection

backflow preventer with reduced

The design of the relief valve operation shall be such that when the differential pressure over the upstream check valve is less than 14 kPa (140 mbar), the relief valve shall be open to ensure positive safety.

39 Any water retention shall not be possible within the reduced pressure zone.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

The cross-sections of the passage orifices and of the pilot tube for operation of the relief device shall be equal to or greater than 12,5 mnn 2 , no dimension for the calculation of the cross-section shall be less than 4 mm. An air break to drain shall exist between any waste drain and any means of collecting the discharged water. The backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone, with an air break to drain fitted, shall evacuate the full relief flow rate without spilling to the outside. This air break to drain shall be directly incorporated into the backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone. The relief orifice of the device shall permit neither the fitting of a standardized threaded pipe nor the connection of a standardized pipe or shape, be it by glue, welding or interlocking.

10.2 Verification of the pressure difference between the upstream and the reduced pressure zones
For the following tests, the manufacturer has to provide a special sample having the necessary test ports to verify the function of the backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone. Test ports have to be provided on the type test sample: upstream of the first anti-pollution check valve; in the reduced pressure zone; downstream of the second anti-pollution check valve.

Compliance is checked as follows (static test): Record the pressure difference between upstream and reduced pressure zone over the upstream pressure from 0,1 MPa to 1 MPa (1 bar to 10 bar). The pressure difference between the upstream zone and the reduced pressure zone shall be greater than 14 kPa (140 mbar).

10.3 Verification of the tightness of the downstream check valve (in the closing direction)
Compliance is checked as follows: Downstream of the backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone, apply a pressure of 1,6 MPa (16 bar) with water at 20 C, the upstream zone being at atmospheric pressure. The pressure is to be applied in increments of 0,1 MPa (1 bar) per 5 s. Hold the pressure for 2 min. Isolate the backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone from the supply system for 10 min. There shall be no leakage, no permanent deformation or deterioration of the downstream anti-pollution check valve after the test

EN 60335-2-79:2009

40

10.4 Verification of the tightness of the upstream check valve at low pressure
Compliance is checked as follows: Fill the backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone with water so that the water column has a height of (200 50) mm in the tube (diameter inside 102) mm. Isolate for 5 min 30 s. Raise the level in the tube to (1 000 50) mm. Isolate for 5 min 30 s. Raise the level in the tube to (2 000 50) mm. Isolate for 5 min 30 s. The tightness of the upstream anti-pollution check valve shall be verified by the water level in the tube which shall be constant at each test stage. No sagging of the water level in the tube is allowed at any of the stages.

10.5 Verification of opening start of the relief valve and of its closing
Compliance is checked as follows: The following pressures are applied upstream of the device: 0,175 MPa - 0,3 MPa - 0,6 MPa and 1 MPa (1,75 bar 3 bar 6 bar and 10 bar). Each of these pressure values is reduced slowly. The value of the pressure when the relief valve opens has to be checked. In each case, the pressure difference between upstream and reduced pressure zone shall be greater than 14 kPa. After this test, the pressure is increased to its initial value. The device shall then close again in an absolutely tight manner.

10.6 Durability test


The complete device is conditioned for relative humidity of (50 5) %.

72 h in an environment at a temperature of (65 5) C, and at a

There shall be no distortion of any part of the device to such an extent that compliance with the standard is impaired. Without replacement of any component, the device shall be capable of fulfilling the requirements of to 10.5.

10.2

41 Compliance is checked as follows:

EN 60335-2-79:2009

A test arrangement has to be provided according to Figure AA.1. The device is submitted to 5 000 cycles at a temperature of (65 5) C. Each cycle has to be performed in the following order: Stage 1: open valve 5, then valve 1, circulation at a flow rate as given in Table AA.1 at the value 5 % for (6 2) s; Stage 2: close valve 5, then immediately dose valve 1; Stage 3: open valve 3, static pressure at 0,3 MPa (3 bar) for (6 2) s; Stage 4: close valve 3, open valve 4. Upstream drain for (6 i- 2) s (opening of the relief valve); Stage 5: close valve 4;

+50

Stage 6: open valve 5, then immediately open valve 1, circulation at a flow rate as specified in Table AA.1 at the value 5 % for (6 2) s; Stage 7: Close valve 5, then immediately close valve 1; Stage 8: Open valve 2, static pressure at 1 MPa (10 bar) for (6 2) s; Stage 9: Close valve 2, open valve 4. for (6 2) s; Stage 10: Close valve 4. Upstream drain (opening of the relief valve)

The complete series of test cycles is divided into the following test cycles: 1 250 cycles; the device is at rest for 14 h at ambient temperature; 1 250 cycles; after this test cycle, the device is stored under a static pressure of 1 MPa (10 bar) for 14 h at room temperature; 1 250 cycles; after this test cycle, the device is submitted for 14 h to an upstream pressure of 0,3 MPa (3 bar) and to a downstream pressure of 1 MPa (10 bar) at room temperature; 1 250 cycles.

Table AA.1 Nominal size versus durability test flow rate


Nominal size of check valve DN mm Flow rate m3/h 8 10 15 20 25

0,4

0,6

1,3

2,2

3,5

At the end of the test, the device shall be fit for further use. Compliance is checked by the tests of 10.2 to 10.5.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

42

IEC 1258/07

Key A B C P1 6 7

flow rate: static pressure:

static pressure: pressure gauge regulating valve valve with time control of opening and closing

maximum pressure 0,3 MPa (3 bar) at zero-flow rate 1 MPa 0,05 MPa (10 bar 0,5 bar) 0,3 MPa 0,03 MPa (3 bar 0,3 bar)

Figure AA.1 Arrangement for the durability test on backflow preventers with reduced pressure zone

43

EN 60335-2-79:2009

Annex BB (normative) Analysis method for determining the necessary safety device to prevent backsiphonage

BB.1 Overview
The method for determining the necessary safety device to prevent backsiphonage consists of the following steps. Ascertain which fluid categories are used in the machine in accordance with Clause BB.2. Ascertain which are the installation characteristics for the safety device to be taken into account in accordance with Clause BB.3. Determine the maximum water level. The result determines if the situation at the point of protection is p = atm or p > atm. Consider which are the safety devices to be used, by referring to the protection matrix according to Clause BB.4. Verify if the drainage systems are fitted with an air break to drain in accordance with Clause BB.5.

BB.2 Determination of fluid categories which are or might be in contact

with potable water

BB.2.1 In normal use, fluids which are or may be in contact with potable water are classified in five categories as defined below.
In cases where insignificant concentrations or substantial amounts of substances are present, it may be appropriate to redefine the safety measurement. High pressure cleaners and steam cleaners according to IEC 60335-2-79 are classified as fluid category 4.

BB.2.2 Category 1
Water to be used for human consumption coming directly from a potable water distribution system.

BB.2.3 Category 2
Fluid presenting no human health hazard. Fluid recognised as being fit for human consumption, including water taken from a potable water distribution system, which may have undergone a change in taste, odour, colour or a temperature change (heating or cooling).

BB.2.4 Category 3
Fluid representing some human health hazard due to the presence of one or more harmful substances.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

44

NOTE The border between category 3 and category 4 is in principle LD 50 = 200 mg/kg body weight. LD50 is the quantity of substances or the mixture which, given in one intake through oral and parenteral path, brings about within 15 days (the required time to take into account potential delayed effect) the death of 50 out of 100 treated animals. BB.2.5

Category 4

Fluid presenting a human health hazard due to the presence of one or more toxic or very toxic substances or one or more radioactive, mutagenic or carcinogenic substances. BB.2.6

Category 5

Fluid presenting a human health hazard due to the presence of microbiological or viral elements.

BB.3

Determination of installation characteristics Pressure

For each hydraulic circuit present in the machine, locate the desired or existing protection point(s) to be protected, or, failing this, the point of connection of the machine to the potable water main. Determine the maximum water level. Define whether the protection point or, failing this, the point of connection of the machine to the potable water mains is subjected to atmospheric pressure (p = atm) or to a pressure exceeding atmospheric pressure (p > atm). p = atm applies if the protection point or, failing this point, the point of connection of the machine to the potable water main is located above the maximum water level; p > atm applies if the protection point or, failing this point, the point of connection of the machine to the potable water main is located below this maximum water level.

BB.4 Matrix of the safety devices appropriate to fluid categories


The suitability of each safety device is indicated in Table BB.1.

Table BB.1 Matrix of the safety devices appropriate to fluid categories


Safety device to prevent backsiphonage 1 Air gap Backflow preventer with reduced pressure zone Key: Category of fluids 2 3 4 5

Covers the risk

Protection not required

BB.5 Air break to drain


All machines connected to a potable water mains and including a water draining device have to be provided with an air-break before their discharge to the drainage system. This air gap shall comply with the above described requirements. Otherwise, the fluid in the apparatus has to be considered as fluid category 5. The air breaks to drain shall be realized by a full disconnection or by air inlets.


Requirements on air breaks to drain:

45

EN 60335-2-79:2009

b  G; b _. 20 mm; G  E and drain shall be capable of taking the full flow of the discharge S i + S2 +.... e  4 mm.
An example of an air break to drain is shown in Figure

bx27cG 3

BB.1.

\ /
Key 1 2 Evacuation E: Drain G: Air inlets: Si , S2, e
I

G
IEC 1259/07

outlet evacuation spillover level bore E bore G cross-sections for air passage smallest dimension for calculation of a cross-section air gap height

Figure BB.1 Example for an air break to drain

EN 60335-2-79:2009

46 Annex ZAA (normative) Measurement of acoustical noise

ZAA.1 Noise reduction


Noise reduction at high pressure cleaners is an integral part of the design process and shall be achieved by particularly applying measures at source to control noise, see for example ISO 11688-1. The success of the applied noise reduction measures is assessed on the basis of the actual noise emission values in relation to other machines of the same type with comparable non-acoustical technical data. The major sound sources of high pressure cleaners are: pumps and burners.

ZAA.2 Noise test code ZAA.2.1 Emission sound pressure level determination
The emission sound pressure level is determined in accordance with ISO method described in 6.2.3 d) with the measurement distance d = 1 m.

11203:1995 applying the

NOTE In this case the emission sound pressure level is equal to the surface sound pressure level used for calculating the sound power level according to ISO 3744 when applying a rectangular parallelepiped measurement surface at a distance of 1 m from the reference box. The operating condition shall be identical for the determination for both sound power and emission sound pressure level at the specified positions.

ZAA.2.2 Sound power level determination


The sound power level is measured in accordance with ISO walled test room is available.

3744, or with ISO 3743-1 if a suitable hard-

The operating condition shall be identical for the determination for both sound power and emission sound pressure level at the specified positions.

ZAA.2.3 Operating conditions


The high pressure cleaner shall be installed on the reflecting plane; skid-mounted machines shall be placed on a support 0,40 m high, unless otherwise required by the manufacturer's conditions of installation. The high pressure cleaner is operated under normal operation. The noise emission of the water jet hitting any surfaces shall be excluded from measurement. The period of observation shall at least be

15 s.

ZAA.2.4 Measurement uncertainties


A standard deviation of reproducibility of less than 1,5 dB is expected for both the A-weighted emission sound pressure level according to ISO 11203 and the A-weighted sound power level determined according to ISO 3744, or with ISO 3743-1 if a suitable hard-walled test room is available.

47 ZAA.2.5 Information to be recorded

EN 60335-2-79:2009

The information to be recorded covers all of the technical requirements of this noise test code. Any deviations from this noise test code or from the basic standards upon which it is based are to be recorded together with the technical justification for such deviations. ZAA.2.6 Information to be reported The information to be included in the test report is at least that which the manufacturer requires for a noise declaration or the user requires to verify the declared values. ZAA.2.7 Declaration and verification of noise emission values The declaration of the emission sound pressure level shall be made as a dual-number noise emission declaration according to ISO 4871. It shall declare the noise emission value
LpA and

separately the respective uncertainty

Km.

The sound power level shall be given as a single value declaration according to ISO sum of LwA and the respective uncertainty Km.
NOTE KpA and KWA are expected to be

4871 declaring the

3 dB.

The noise declaration shall state that the noise emission values have been obtained according to this noise test code. If this statement is not true, the noise declaration shall indicate clearly what the deviations from this standard, and from the basic standards, are. Additional noise emission quantities may also be given in the declaration.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

48

Annex ZC (normative) Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications
Addition: Publication
Year Title Household and similar electrical appliances Safety Part 2-54: Particular requirements for surfacecleaning appliances for household use employing liquids or steam Low-voltage electrical installations Part 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general characteristics, definitions Series Hand-held motor-operated electric tools Safety

EN/HD
EN 60335-2-54

Year

IEC 60335-2-54

20082)

IEC 60364-1
(mod)

HD 60364-1

20082)

IEC 60745 (mod) IEC 61029 (mod) IEC 61558-2-3

EN 60745

Series

Series Safety of transportable motor-operated electric EN tools Safety of power transformers, power supply units and similar devices Part 2-3: Particular requirements for ignition transformers for gas and oil burners Electric appliances connected to the water mains Avoidance of backsiphonage and failure of hose-sets Acoustics Determination of sound power levels of noise sources Engineering methods for small, movable sources in reverberant fields Part 1: Comparison method for hard-walled test rooms Acoustics Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane Acoustics Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment

61029

Series

EN 61558-2-3

20002)

IEC 61770

EN 61770

20092)

ISO 3743-1

EN ISO

3743-1

19952)

ISO 3744

EN ISO 3744

19952)

ISO 4871

EN ISO 4871

19962)

1)

Undated reference.

2)Valid edition at date of issue.

49 Publication ISO 5349-1 Year Title 1) Mechanical vibration Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to handtransmitted vibration Part 1: General requirements 2005 Acoustics -- Noise emitted by machinery and equipment -- Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions from the sound power level High pressure water jet machines Safety requirements Part 1: Machines

EN 60335-2-79:2009 EN/HD EN 5349-1 Year 20012)

ISO 11203

EN 11203

2005

EN 1829-1

-3)

3)

At draft stage.

EN 60335-2-79:2009

50

Annex ZE (informative) Specific additional requirements for appliances and machines intended for commercial use
This annex is not applicable.

Annex ZZ (informative) Coverage of Essential Requirements of Directive 2006 142 1 EC


This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CENELEC by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and within its scope the standard covers all relevant essential requirements as given in Annex I of the EC Directive 2006/42/EC. Compliance with this standard provides one means of conformity with the specified essential requirements of the Directive concerned. WARNING: Other requirements and other EC Directives may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of this standard.

51

EN 60335-2-79:2009

Bibliography
The bibliography of Part Addition: EN 907, Agricultural and forestry machinery - Sprayers and liquid fertilizer distributors - Safety EN 1953, Atomising and spraying equipment for coating materials - Safety requirements EN 12621, Machinery for the supply and circulation of coating materials under pressure - Safety requirements

1 is applicable except as follows.