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2007 ASCE/SEI Structures Congress Long Beach, California

Seismic Design Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-2005 7 2005


Part 3
Robert Bachman
Chair, ASCE 7 Seismic Task Committee 2000-2005

R. E. Bachman, Consulting Structural Engineer h li l i Laguna Niguel, California May 16 2007 16,

Overview
Introduction to Earthquake Engineering Revised Organization for ASCE 7 2005 g Seismic Design per ASCE 7 2005
Basic Criteria Structural Design for Buildings Nonstructural Components in Buildings (Chptr 13) Nonbuilding Structures (Chapter 15) References t M t i l Design Standards (Ch t 14) R f to Material D i St d d (Chptr Brief Discussion on Chapters 16-23 Modifications of ASCE 7-05 in the 2006 IBC
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 2

Nonstructural Components
Architectural, Mechanical and Electrical Components supported , p pp by or located within buildings or other structures. In 1997 UBC Requirements Located in: Section 1632 Lateral Force on Elements, Nonstructural Components and Equipment Section 1633.2.4.2 Exterior Elements Section 1633.2.8 Anchorage of Concrete and Masonry Walls In 2006 IBC Refers to ASCE 7-05 including Supplement 1: Chapter Ch t 13 S i i D i R Seismic Design Requirements f N i t for Nonstructural t t l Components Section 12.11.2 Anchorage of Concrete and Masonry Structural Walls
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 3

Nonstructural Limits of Applicability


1997 UBC Wherever UBC Adopted (Western States) 1. Requirements for the following items apply only in Seismic Zones 2, 3 and 4: 2. Ceilings, light fixtures, connections for prefabricated elements other than walls, exterior elements, l t th th ll t i l t anchorage of concrete or masonry walls. 2006 IBC Applies throughout the US with following exceptions: 1. Mechanical and Electrical Components in SDC A and B 2. Mechanical and Electrical in SDC if Ip = 1.0 3. Architectural in SDC A 4. Architectural in SDC B if Ip = 1.0 except certain parapets

Other exceptions for light items, piping and ductwork in both NOTE : there is a major errata in ASCE 7 mechanical and electrical are not exempt if all you do is attached flexible lines to them.

2007 Structures Congress

Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Nonstructural Demands
Demands similar in both 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC Equivalent Static Forces Fp Equation Independent of building structural properties 1. Strength Level Forces in both codes 2. 2006 IBC provides building dependent option of determining. Relative Displacements for Selected Components 1. 1 Anticipated Relative Displacements at Design Earthquake Level in both codes (m or Dp). 2. 2006 IBC provides explicit equations and option of g g g properties. determining using building structural p p
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 5

Nonstructural Force Demand


1997 UBC Based on 1994 NEHRP Fp = ap Ca Ip ( 1 + 3 hx ) Wp Rp hr Fp (min) = 0.7 Ca Ip Wp Fp (max) = 4 Ca Ip Wp
for Ca = 0.40, Fp = 0.28 IpWp for Ca = 0.40, Fp = 1.60 IpWp

2006 IBC Based on 1997 NEHRP Fp = 0.4 ap SDS ( 1 + 2 z ) Wp (Rp / Ip ) h Fp (min) = 0.3 SDS Ip Wp Fp (max) = 1.6 SDS Ip Wp 16
2007 Structures Congress

for SDS = 1.00, Fp = 0.30 IpWp for SDS = 1 00 Fp = 1 60 IpWp 1.00, 1.60 S
Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 6

Nonstructural Importance Factor - Ip N l I F


Both the 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC have assigned Nonstr ct ral ha e Nonstructural Component Importance Factors, Ip In both codes the values of Ip are either 1.0 or 1.5 In the 1997 UBC, the value of Ip is based on the Occupancy Category of the structure or facility In the 2006 IBC, the value of Ip is based 1. Requirements of the component to function after a DBE or 2. 2 Occupancy Category of the structure or facility In the 2006 IBC, nonstructural components/systems which are assigned an Ip = 1.5 are called Designated Seismic Systems.
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 7

Nonstructural Component ap and Rp Factors


Both 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC have ap and Rp factors assigned in tables that are used in Fp equation. The values of ap range from 1.0 to 2.5 in both codes and values g of ap can be taken as less than 2.5 based on dynamic analysis. In the 1997 UBC, Rp values range from 1.0 to 4.0. In the 2000 IBC, Rp values range from 1.0 to 12.0. In both codes, the values of Rp can be assigned based on the y y p y ductility and deformability capacity. In the 1997 UBC there are 19 footnotes to the ap and Rp table. In the 2006 IBC there only 2 footnotes to the ap and Rp tables.
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 8

Comparison of ap and Rp values for Selected Architectural Components


Architectural Component
Cantilever Parapets Exterior W ll * ( i id di h ) E t i Walls* (rigid diaph.) Partitions* (rigid diaph.) Ceilings Penthouses (not an extension) Signs and Billboards Access Floors* (special) Storage Cabinets
2007 Structures Congress

ap 2.5 1.0 10 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 1.0 1.0

1997 UBC Rp 3.0 3.0 30 3.0 3.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

2006 IBC ap 2.5 1.0 10 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 1.0 1.0 Rp 2.5 2.5 25 2.5 2.5 3.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of Fp/Wp values for Architectural Components for Ca = 0.40, SDS = 1.0, Ip = 1.0
Architectural Component
Cantilever Parapets Exterior W ll E t i Walls Partitions Ceilings Penthouses (not an extension) Signs and Billboards Access Floors (special) Storage Cabinets
2007 Structures Congress

1997 UBC hx = 0 hx = hr 0.33 0.28 0 28 0.28 0.28 0.28 0.33 0.28 0.28 1.33 0.53 0 53 0.53 0.53 1.00 1.33 0.53 0.53

2006 IBC z=0 z=h 0.40 0.30 0 30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.30 1.20 0.48 0 48 0.48 0.48 0.86 1.20 0.48 0.48
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of ap and Rp values for Selected Mechanical and Electrical Components


Mech./Elect. Component
Tanks and Vessels w/o skirts Air id Ai side equipment i t Wet side equipment Emergency Battery Racks Stacks, towers braced below cg Vibration Isolated Equipment* Piping ASME Welded Piping threaded joints
2007 Structures Congress

ap 1.0 1.0 10 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 1.0 1.0

1997 UBC Rp 3.0 3.0 30 3.0 3.0 3.0 1.5 3.0 3.0

2006 IBC ap 1.0 2.5 25 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 Rp 2.5 6.0 60 2.5 2.5 3.0 2.0 2.5 12.0 4.5
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of Fp/Wp values for Mech./Elect. Components for Ca = 0.40, SDS = 1.0, Ip = 1.0
Mech./Elect. Component
Tanks and Vessels w/o skirts Air id Ai side equipment i t Wet side equipment Emergency Batteries/Tanks Stacks, towers braced below cg Vibration Isolated Equipment* Piping ASME Welded Piping threaded joints
2007 Structures Congress

1997 UBC hx = 0 hx = hr 0.28 0.28 0 28 0.28 0.28 0.33 0.67 0.28 0.28 0.53 0.53 0 53 0.53 0.53 1.33 1.60 0.53 0.53

2006 IBC z=0 z=h 0.30 0.30 0 30 0.30 0.30 0.33 0.40-0.50 0.30 0.30 0.48 0.50 0 50 0.48 0.48 1.00 1.20-1.50 0.30 0.67
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of ap and Rp values for Selected Architectural Components


Architectural Component
Cantilever Parapets Exterior Walls* (rigid diaph.) Partitions* (rigid diaph.) Ceilings Penthouses (not an extension) Signs and Billboards Si d Billb d Access Floors* (special) Storage Cabinets
2007 Structures Congress

ASCE 7-02 ap Rp 2.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 10 2.5 2.5 25 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 25 3.5 2.5 25 2.5 2.5

ASCE 7-05 ap Rp 2.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 10 2.5 2.5 25 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 25 3.5 2.5 25 2.5 2.5
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of ap and Rp values for Selected Architectural Components


Architectural Component
Cantilever Parapets Exterior Walls* (rigid diaph.) Partitions* (rigid diaph.) Ceilings Penthouses (not an extension) Signs and Billboards Si d Billb d Access Floors* (special) Storage Cabinets
2007 Structures Congress

ASCE 7-02 ap Rp 2.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 10 2.5 2.5 25 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 25 3.5 2.5 25 2.5 2.5

ASCE 7-05 ap Rp 2.5 1.0 1.0 1.0 10 2.5 2.5 25 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 25 3.5 2.5 25 2.5 2.5
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of Fp/Wp values for Architectural Components for Ca = 0.40, SDS = 1.0, Ip = 1.0
Architectural Component
Cantilever Parapets Exterior W ll E t i Walls Partitions Ceilings Penthouses (not an extension) Signs and Billboards Access Floors (special) Storage Cabinets
2007 Structures Congress

ASCE 7-05 z=0 z= h 0.40 0.30 0 30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.30 1.20 0.48 0 48 0.48 0.48 0.86 1.20 0.48 0.48

ASCE 7-05 z=0 z=h 0.40 0.30 0 30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.30 1.20 0.48 0 48 0.48 0.48 0.86 1.20 0.48 0.48
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of ap and Rp values for Selected Mechanical and Electrical Components


Mech./Elect. Component
Tanks and Vessels w/o skirts Air id Ai side equipment i t Wet side equipment Emergency Battery Racks Stacks, towers braced below cg Vibration Isolated Equipment* Piping ASME Welded Piping threaded joints
2007 Structures Congress

ap 1.0 1.0 10 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 1.0 1.0

ASCE 7-02 Rp 2.5 2.5 25 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 3.5 2.5

ASCE 7-05 ap Rp 1.0 2.5 25 1.0 1.0 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 6.0 60 2.5 2.5 3.0 2.0 2.5 12.0 4.5
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Comparison of Fp/Wp values for Mech./Elect. Components for Ca = 0.40, SDS = 1.0, Ip = 1.0
Mech./Elect. Component
Tanks and Vessels w/o skirts Air id Ai side equipment i t Wet side equipment Emergency Batteries/Tanks Stacks, towers braced below cg Vibration Isolated Equipment* Piping ASME Welded Piping threaded joints
2007 Structures Congress

ASCE 7-02 z=0 z= h 0.30 0.30 0 30 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.30 0.30 0.48 0.48 0 48 0.48 0.48 1.20 1.20 0.34 0.48

ASCE 7-05 z=0 z=h 0.30 0.30 0 30 0.30 0.30 0.33 0.40-0.50 0.30 0.30 0.48 0.50 0 50 0.48 0.48 1.00 1.20-1.50 0.30 0.67
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Nonstructural Relative Displacement Demand


ASCE 7-05 Maximum Relative Displacements for DBE level motions are to be considered In ASCE 7-05 Required for Architectural Components which pose a life safety hazard including exterior wall elements and glazing Required for Mech/Elect components and systems where Ip q p y greater than 1.0. Except for glazing no specific acceptance criteria is provided No N requirement to stay within elastic li i or allowables i i hi l i limits ll bl

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Nonstructural Relative Displacement Demand


In both 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC Maximum Relative Displacements f DBE l Di l for level motions are to b considered l i be id d In 1997 UBC Required to be considered for equipment attachments for Essential and Hazardous Facilities Deformation Compatibility in Exterior Elements In I 2006 IBC Required for Architectural Components which pose a life safety hazard including exterior wall elements and glazing Required for Mech/Elect components and systems where Ip greater than 1.0. Except for glazing no specific acceptance criteria is provided No requirement to stay within elastic limits or allowables
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Load Combinations
In both codes, strength, ASD and alternate ASD load combinations are provided. In both codes there are Eh and Ev loads codes, loads. In the 1997 UBC Ev may be taken as zero for the alternate ASD load combinations. In the 2006 IBC, Ev is used and not taken as zero f except for foundation sizing. for tf f d ti i i In both codes, the redundancy factor, , is specified as 1.0 for p nonstructural components. In both codes, o is not specified and load combinations with o are not used with nonstructural components (including penthouses)
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Anchorage of Nonstructural Components


In the 1997 UBC 1. Special Requirements for shallow anchors. Rp = 1.5 p q Shallow anchors defined as embed/diameter less than 8 2. Special Requirement for expansion anchors for vibration isolated equipment 2 Fp SEAOC Bluebook only if gap > 0.25 in 3. Section 1923 Anchorage to concrete - Strength 2.0 factor if no special inspection 1.3 with special insp. In the 2006 IBC 1. All anchor forces based on Rp of 1.5 unless: - Anchorage governed by ductile steel element or - Post installed for Seismic Applications per ACI 355.2 or - Anchors design in accordance with ACI 318-05, App. D 2. Additional 1.3 factor or maximum transferable force 3. Special requirement vib iso equipment 2 Fp if gap > 0.25 4. Load th 4 L d path analysis to primary structure shall be performed. l i t i t t h ll b f d
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Design and Detailing Requirements of Architectural Components


In 1997 UBC 1. Specific demands exterior walls and connections 2. UBC Standard 25-2, Part III for lay-in ceilings In 2006 IBC 1. 2. 3. 3 4. 5. Specific demands exterior walls and connections Suspending Ceilings CISCA & ASTM standards Glazing Drift capacity AAMA 501 6 501.6 Access Floors special access floor details Tall Partitions independent bracing
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Design and Detail Requirements for Mechanical and Electrical Equipment


In 1997 No specific requirements In 2006 IBC 1. Sprinkler systems NFPA 13 with amendments 2. Escalators and Elevators ASME A17.1 3. Vessels ASME B& PV 4. Piping ASCE B 31.1 5. HVAC Ducting (SMACNA not specifically referenced) 6. 6 Lighting fixtures Prescriptive detail requirements 7. Many specific prescriptive details for Mechanical and Electrical Equipment Section 13.6.5.5

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Special Certification Requirements for Certain Designated Seismic Systems (Ip=1.5)


In 1997 UBC No specific requirement In 2006 IBC - Seismic qualification required for 1. 1 Active mechanical and electrical equipment that are required to function following a DBE 2. Components containing hazardous contents Qualification to demonstrate functionality after being subject to a DBE to be determined by either: 1. Shake table testing ICC-ES AC-156 , 2004 2. Experience Data 3. Analysis (extremely difficult for active equipment) Certification required by supplier indicating compliance
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Final Comments about Nonstructural Components


Force levels and approaches similar between 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC. Terminology is similar. Much more implementation detail in the 2006 IBC Additional documentation requirements in the 2006 q IBC Much more QA requirements in the 2006 IBC. Note there are specific requirements for supports and attachments to be shown on the construction documents. documents
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Nonbuilding Structures g
Self supporting structures other than buildings that support gravity loads and resist overturning moments at their base. In 1997 UBC Requirements located in: Section 1634 Nonbuilding Structures Section 1629 Criteria Selection Section 1630 Minimum Design Lateral Forces In 2006 IBC Refers to ASCE 7-05 including Supplement 1 Chapter 15 - Seismic Design Requirements for Nonbuilding Structures Chapter 12 - Seismic Design Requirements for Building Structures Chapter 13 - Seismic Design Requirements for p g q Nonstructural Components
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Two Types of Nonbuilding Structures


In both 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC there are two types of nonbuilding structures 1. Those that have seismic force resisting systems that are similar to buildings (e.g. pipe racks) 2. Those that do not have seismic force resisting systems that are similar to a building (e.g. flat bottom tanks)

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Example of a Similar System p y

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Example of a Not Similar System

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Nonbuilding Structures Limits of Applicability


1997 UBC Wherever UBC Adopted (Western States) 1. Not required in Seismic Zone 0 but everywhere else 2. For structures similar to building same restrictions as for building t t b ildi structures with similar systems. ith i il t 3. For structures not similar to buildings no restrictions. 2006 IBC applies throughout the US with f C S following exceptions: 1. Not required for Seismic Design Category A except Sec11.7 2. For structures similar to building same restrictions as for building structures with similar systems but with additional options. 3. For structures not similar to buildings some restrictions
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Nonbuilding Structure Demands


In both codes same base shear equations used for building structures. Basically the same equation in the 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC except for site ground motion terminology. However, the R values, I values and minimum values are significantly different in the two codes. Also the 2006 IBC specifies o and Cd values, detailing C f requirements along with height limits and restrictions for all systems while the 1997 UBC only specifies R and o values. values
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 31

Equivalent Lateral Force Equations for Structures with Systems Similar to Buildings
1997 UBC
( Ts = Cv / 2.5 Ca )

2006 IBC
( Ts = SD1 / SDS )

T < Ts T > Ts

V = Ca I W R V = Cv I W RT T > TL

V = SDS W (R / I) V= SD1 W (R / I ) T

V = SD1TL W (R / I ) T2 V = 0.01 W V = 0.5 S1 W (R / I )

Min V Min Zone 4 (S1 > 0.6)

V = 0.11 CaI W V = 0.8 Z NV I W R

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Equivalent Lateral Force Equations for Structures with Systems Not Similar to Buildings
1997 UBC
( Ts = Cv / 2.5 Ca )

2006 IBC
( Ts = SD1 / SDS )

T < Ts T > Ts

V = Ca I W R V = Cv I W RT T > TL

V = SDS W (R / I) V= SD1 W (R / I ) T

V = SD1TL W (R / I ) T2
(or 0.01 W)

Min V Min Zone 4 (S1 > 0.6)

V = 0.56 CaI W V = 1.6 Z NV I W R

V = 0.03 W

V = 0.8 S1 W (or 0.5 S1 W ) (R / I ) (R / I )


Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 33

2007 Structures Congress

Comparison of Minimum Values For Structures Not Similar to Buildings


To Compare assume a rock site with I =1.0 1997 UBC Z = 0.4, Ca = 0.40, Nv = 1.0, Cv = 0.4 and 2006 IBC SDS = 1.0, S1 = 0.60, SD1 = 0.40

1997 UBC
R=2.2 V min 0.22 W R=3.6 0.22 W 0.17 W

2006 IBC
R= 2.2* 0.03 W
(or 0.01W)

R=3.6* 0.03 W
(or 0.01W)

Zone 4 V min 0.29 W

0.22 W

0.13 W

(or 0.14W) (or 0.08W) *For Comparison Only


2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 34

Nonbuilding Structure Importance Factor I


B th the 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC h Both th d have assigned i d Seismic Importance Factors, I. I the 1997 UBC, th value of I i either 1 0 or 1 25 In th UBC the l f is ith 1.0 1.25 and is based on the Occupancy Category. In the 2006 IBC the value of I is either 1 0 1 25 or IBC, 1.0, 1.25 1.5 and is based on largest value from: 1. Referenced standards for the structure type 2. Occupancy Category (Table 11.5-1) 3. Specified values in Chapter 15
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 35

Nonbuilding Structures Similar to Buildings g g R Factors and Height Limits


In the 1997 UBC, R, o and height limits are the same as for , , g building structures with 2 exceptions: 1. Concrete IMRFs permitted to height of 50 feet rather than NP in Zones 3 and 4 if R is taken as 2 8 rather than 5 5 2.8 5.5 2. Height limits may be increased by 50% if regular structures that are not occupied or accessible to general public In the 2006 IBC, the R, o, Cd and height limits are same as for building structures with additional options: 1. Height limits of certain systems are permitted to higher levels if lower R values are used (see next slide) 2. SCBF and special shear wall height limits can be increased by 50 % if regular structures with multiple lines of resistance same as permitted for buildings
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Similar Nonbuilding Structure Options p Ordinary Steel Concentrically Braced Frames


System Detailing R B
Steel OCBFs With Permitted Height Increase With Unlimited Height AISC 341 AISC 341 3.25 2.5 NL NL

Height Limit (ft.) C


NL

D
35

E
35

F
NP

NL 160 160 100

AISC 360

1.5

NL

NL

NL

NL NL

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Similar Nonbuilding Structure Options Similar Intermediate Moment Frames of Steel


System Detailing R B
Steel IMFs With Permitted Height Increase With Unlimited Height AISC 341 AISC 341 4.5 2.5 NL NL

Height Limit (ft.) C


NL

D
35

NP NP

NL 160 160 100

AISC 341

1.5

NL

NL

NL

NL NL

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Similar Nonbuilding Structure Options Similar Ordinary Moment Frames of Steel


System Detailing R B
Steel OMFs With Permitted Height Increase With Unlimited Height AISC 341 AISC 341 3.5 2.5 NL NL

Height Limit (ft.) C


NL NL

D
NP

NP NP

100 100 NP

AISC 360

1.0

NL

NL

NL

NL NL

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Similar Nonbuilding Structure Options p Intermediate Reinforced Concrete Moment Frames


System
Concrete IMFs

Detailing

Height Limit (ft.) B C D E F


NL NL NP NP NP

ACI 318 5.0 with Chptr. 21 ACI 318 3.0 with Chptr. 21 ACI 318 0.8 with Chptr. 21

With Permitted Height Increase With Unlimited Height

NL

NL

50

50

50

NL

NL

NL

NL NL

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Similar Nonbuilding Structure Options p Ordinary Reinforced Concrete Moment Frames


System Detailing R B
Concrete OMFs ACI 318 NOT with Ch t 21 ith Chptr. 3.0 NL

Height Limit (ft.) C


NL

D
NP

NP NP

With Permitted Height Increase

ACI 318 NOT 0.8 with Chptr. 21

NL

NL

50

50

50

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Comparison of Selected Not Similar Not Similar Nonbuilding Structure R values


Structure Type
Skirt Supported Vessels Cast in Place Silos Tanks d P T k and Pressurized S h i d Spheres Cooling Towers Bins and Hoopers Signs and Bill Boards Amusement Structures/Monuments Trussed Towers
2007 Structures Congress

R value 1997 UBC 2006 IBC


2.9 3.6 22 2.2 3.6 2.9 3.6 2.2 29 2.9 2 or 3 3.5 2 or 3 3.5 3.0 3.5 2.0 30 3.0
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Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05

Nonstuructural Component or Nonbuilding Structure?


Sometimes its confusing whether one should use the nonbuilding structure or nonstructural component requirements. Particularly confusing are tanks, vessels, signs and bill boards where the requirements show up in 2 b d h h i h i places. Wh duplicative, if it can typically fit in or on a Where d li ti t i ll i building (10 feet tall or less) suggest using nonstructural requirements. requirements
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 43

Load Combinations
In both codes, strength, ASD and alternate ASD load combinations are provided. In both codes there are Eh and Ev loads codes, loads. In the 1997 UBC Ev may be taken as zero for the alternate ASD load combinations. In the 2006 IBC, Ev is used and not taken as zero f except for foundation sizing. for tf f d ti i i In both codes, redundancy factor, , is specified as 1.0 for not g g similar nonbuilding structures. Same as buildings for similar. In both codes, o is specified. However in the 1997 UBC not really explained how to use but its explained to a certain extent in the 2006 for some nonbuilding structures.
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 44

Fundamental Period Determination For Nonbuilding Structures


In 1997 UBC Requires that period be determined by rational methods such as Method B (Rayleigh approach). In 1999 SEAOC Bluebook states Method A should not apply to both similar and not similar nonbuilding structures. Suggests Rayleigh approach or dynamic analysis BB Section C 109 1 4 analysis. 109.1.4 In 2006 IBC Fundamental Period to be determined by rational building type procedures or by the Rayleigh formula Specifically excludes Method A type procedures to be used in determining the period of nonbuilding structures.

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Design and Detailing Requirement for Structures Similar to Buildings


In 1997 UBC No specific additional requirements provided In 2006 IBC 1. Same requirements as for buildings except where noted 2. Steel Storage Racks RMI plus additional requirements 3. Towers supporting tanks and vessels added requirements 4. Piers and wharves only for those accessible to the public

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Design and Detailing Requirement for Structures Not Similar to Buildings


In 1997 UBC Use approve national standards with limit that the that the total base shear overturning moment determined by them can not be less than 80 % of the UBC determined value. In 2006 IBC Some requirements provided for the following 1. Earth Retaining Structures 2. Secondary Containment Structures 3. Flat Bottom Tanks - AWWA 100, API 650, ACI 313 4. Elevated Tanks for Liquids and Granular Material 5. Boilers and Pressure Vessels ASME BPVC 6. Liquid and Gas Spheres/ Refrigerated ASME BPVC & API 7. Horizontal Vessels
2007 Structures Congress Seismic Provisions of ASCE/SEI 7-05 47

Final Comments About Nonbuilding Structures


Approaches between 1997 UBC and 2006 IBC similar. Force levels, height limits and detailing requirements for structures similar to buildings very different between codes. Forces levels for structures not similar to buildings very similar except for I factors. More detailing requirements provided in the 2006 IBC.
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Chapter 14 Material Specific Requirements (Trumped by IBC Chapters 18-23) ( p y p )


1. Steel: references plus light frame 2. Concrete: reference plus selected details p and section on piles 3. Composite steel and concrete: references 4. 4 Masonry: references plus selected details 5. Wood: references plus selected details
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Chapter 16 Response History Analysis


Provides Requirements for Selection and Scaling of Ground Motion Time Histories virtually the same as those found in the UBC Provides requirements for performing nonlinear response history analysis
(Note: time history analysis = response history analysis)

Similar to the UBC requirements but with a few q additional requirements.

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Chapters 17 - 19
Chapter 17 Seismic Isolation Requirements - basically the same as UBC excepts for: * ground motions * RI values and height limits Chapter 18 Brand new Chapter on Structures with Damping Systems Based on NEHRP Chapter 19 Soil Str ct re Interaction Reall Structure Really developed for large structures with rigid bases ( g (e.g. nuclear reactor containment structures) )
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Chapter 20 Site Classification Procedure


Intended primarily for Geotechnical Engineers Provides Detailed Procedures for Determining Site Class A F Si il to what is in the 1997 UBC Similar t h t i i th Provides specific Details for how to deal with Site Class Cl F and how to deal with refusal if a rock d h t d l ith f l k layer is met at a depth of less than 100 feet.
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Chapter 21 Site Specific Ground Motion Procedures


Specific Procedures Provided for both - Site Response Analysis - Ground Motion Hazard Analysis Limits provided on site specific determined spectra - Can be greater than map determined spectra including soil amplification effects lifi ti ff t - Cant be less than 80% of map determined spectra including soil amplification effects. - Site Class F site specific spectra cant be less than 80% of the map determined spectra including soil amplification effects if the site were classified Site Class E.
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Chapter 22 Ground Motion Maps


Maps provided for Ss and S1 on soft rock and the long period transition TL Use f cursory checks, not recommended f for h k d d for design For design use the USGS web site (or CD which is coming) based on longitude and latitude of site (not zip code) determined to 3 digits beyond decimal.
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/research/hazmaps/design/index.php
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Chapter 23 Seismic Design References


Same as Chapters 35 in IBC and UBC Ch t 35 i IBC T Chapter in Trumps IBC if there is a difference. For th i diff F example AISC 341 is referenced in Chapter 23 while in the IBC its AISC 341-05 including Supplement No. 1. The seismic forces specified in ASCE 7-05 are tied to the detailed reference documents. Not using the detailing specified in the IBC including any modifications means the ifi d i th i l di difi ti th specified seismic forces may not be valid.

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Appendix 11A Quality Assurance Provisions


Provides testing and inspection requirements for structures and nonstructural components Not adopted typically by jurisdictions. Instead use Chapter 17 of the IBC. Includes a description of a quality assurance plan that needs to be developed.

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Appendix 11B Existing Building Provisions


Provides triggering requirements for structural independent and dependent additions, alterations and change of use Not adopted typically by jurisdictions. Instead use Chapter 34 of the IBC or l ll adopted h f h locally d d ordinances.

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2006 IBC Modifications to ASCE 7-05


2006 IBC S ti 1613 6 P Section 1613.6 Permits C t i Less Restrictive it Certain L R t i ti Alternatives to be used than those found in ASCE 7-05 1. Assumption of flexible diaphragms provides additional conditions when diaphragms may be considered flexible 2. Permits steel OMFs and OCBFs to be used with seismic isolation for structures assigned SDC D, E and F if RI is taken as 1.0 (currently not permitted since isolation limits tied to R table).

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Concluding Remarks
Seismic Provisions of ASCE 7-05 represent our best current seismic design practice C i Consistency with all the latest material codes bi i h ll h l i l d big improvement from the UBC Reorganization and reformat of seismic provisions should greatly improve usability Seismic forces in most cases will be similar or less than those specified in the 1997 UBC because of the h ifi d i h 199 Cb f h convergence strategy that SEAOC used in developing the q 1997 UBC seismic requirements.
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