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SPACE EXPLORATION HELPS IMPROVING LIFE ON EARTH

View from the ISS - The Nile and Egypt by night


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What is Space Exploration?

The use of space technology to explore the outer space.

History

US vs. Soviet Russians

USSRs Sputnik 1

Gagarin on Vostok 1

Men on moon

Space Exploration Helps Improving Life on Earth

Improving our life by technological advancements Global network for modern communications By observing the Earth

Space Spin-Offs

Space Spin-Offs
Body Imaging Scanners
Mid-1960s, NASA developed digital image processing digitally enhance pictures of Moon detect any space structures. Later being used by doctors record images of organs human body. Diagnosis cancer and soft tissue injuries. Computer-Aided Tomography (CAT) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
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CAT Scan

MRI Scanning Device

Space Spin-Offs
Water Filter System
Issues Providing astronauts with a clean water supply. Developed water recycling to overcome the problem. Turning wastewater respiration, sweat and urine into drinkable water. Using Nano-technology trap micro-sized bugs in water.

Space Spin-Offs
Cordless Power Tools
Apollo mission invented a lightweight & portable equipment to acquire samples to bring home with them. Does not need any wire battery powered tools. Power tools compact & had effective battery life. Massive change in the power tool industry.
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Space Spin-Offs
Cochlear Implants
A deaf engineer at Kennedy Space Center Adam Kissiah Jr. invented a device for hearing aid. Developing sensory equipment of space travel applied it to a device convert sound waves into electronic impulses. Cochlear implants helped deaf people to hear.

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Modern Communications
Communication satellites Navigational satellites Satellites for military purpose Scientific studies satellites
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Modern Communications
Communication satellites
Malaysia East Asia Satellite Malaysian communications satellite operator Provide television service in Malaysia general communication services .

MEASAT-3
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Modern Communications
Navigational satellites
Provide location and time information anywhere on or near the Earth. Not solely rely on one satellite GPS: 32 satellites orbiting the Earth. Galileo upgraded version of GPS still in development.

Galileo Satellite

NAVSTAR GPS Satellite

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Modern Communications
Military satellites
Gathering information regarding national security reconnaissance. Communication satellite for armies. Surveillance during war or spying purpose. Detect missiles, spacecraft launches, nuclear explosions. Controlled by government and military department. Helped the military to do their job easily.
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Defense Support Program

Modern Communications
Scientific satellites

Our Sun taken by SOHO

International Space Station

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Solar & Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)


A cooperative effort between the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. Designed to study the internal structure of the Sun, its outer atmosphere and the origin of the solar wind.

Findings: Providing temperature structure. Measuring the acceleration of the slow and fast solar wind. Discovering new dynamic solar phenomena. Revolutionizing our ability to forecast space weather.
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International Space Station


Designed for human beings to live on in outer space. Research includes Space weather, human research, space medicine, life sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology in micro gravity. Expected to remain in operation until at least 2020, and potentially to 2028. Like many artificial satellites, the ISS can be seen from Earth with the naked eye.

Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor was launched to this space craft on 10 Oct 2007 under Malaysian Angkasawan Program.

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Earth Observer
Emergency warning and recovery systems

Environmental & Resource Management


Protection against catastrophic planetary accidents

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Warning and Recovery Systems


The ability to warn populations from disasters.
Rescue operations, emergency communications, recovery operations. Hurricanes, monsoons, tidal waves, fires, earthquakes, ozone hole, global warming, pollutions, ocean oil spills, melting ice caps, loss of rain forests threats to human survival.

A hurricane as seen from space

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Resource Monitoring
Remote sensing technology developed for analysis of planetary images has improved agricultural production. Weather satellites have dramatically improved weather forecasts and severe weather predictions.

Climate & Ocean studies

Map making
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Protection Against Space Accidents


Probabilities are very low. The dangers are greatest from not knowing enough about solar storms, cosmic radiation and the ozone layer. Space Guard Program could save our species in time. Recently an asteroid 2005 YU55 has passed the earth on 8 Nov 2011.

Halleys Comet

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Asteroid 2005 YU55


8 November 2011

Trajectory of asteroid 2005 YU55 compared with the orbits of the Earth and the Moon on 89 November 2011.

Real-time moving photo of asteroid 2005 YU55

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Conclusion
Space exploration helps improving life on Earth

Improving our life by technological advancements Global network for modern communications By observing the Earth.

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