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Elastomeric bearings

D e s i g n ,

B u i l d ,

M a i n t a i n

C VI 3

Elastomeric Bearing
A laminated elastomeric bearing is an elastomeric rubber block reinforced with steel plates vulcanised when built. This bearing is the connection between a structure and its support, and should make the following possible through

Contents
Applications Dimensions Elastomeric bearing types Production and quality p3 p4 p6 p7

elastic deformation:
transmission of normal forces; horizontal movements; rotation of the structure in any direction; transmission of horizontal forces, within defined limits.

It may also be provided with a sliding plane for withstanding large movements of the structure and also having a one or two horizontal movement locking systems. All Freyssinet bearings are CE certified.

Applications

Behaviour
Each elemental layer, subject to stresses and movements, deflects as shown in the three diagrams below:

compression

rotation

horizontal deformation

Shears that occur in the elastomeric layers depend on their dimensions, stresses and also the characteristics of the elastomer used. Sizing of bearings is based on restricting these shears in accordance with current national or international regulations.

Use
Banded elastomeric bearings are mainly used in the structures field for which this product has many advantages: long service life, reliability, maintenance free, lightness, small overall dimensions and easy to install. These qualities are also sought in the building field where laminated elastomeric bearings may be used for filtering vibrations (reduction of noise annoyance for
Cruas Nuclear Power Plant - France.

example) or even earthquake proof insulators (acceleration reduction).

Installation
Installation quality is a vital condition for efficient operation and long lasting quality. Arrangements should be made at the design stage for providing sufficient clearance around the bearings so they can be monitored and possibly replaced.

Omnisports Palace at Paris-Bercy - France.

Dimensions

The figures provided in this table relate to Type B and Type C bearings in accordance with EN 1337-3. The different values shown below may be changed as a function of the actual stresses on the bearing involved.

Plan Compression dimensions load Layer of under zero thickness bearings displacement axb, D mm 100x150 100x200 150x200 150x250 150x300 200x250 200x300 200x350 200x400 200 250 250X300 250X400 F kN 120 179 408 558 715 803 1043 1291 1547 625 1578 1608 2425 t mm 8 8 8

Number of layers n

Number Reinforcing of reinforcing plates Total plates thickness elastomer (TYPE B) thickness ns ts mm te mm 21 29 21 29 37 29 37 45 53 21 29 37 21 29 37 29 37 45 53 61 37 45 53 29 37 45 53 61 41 53 65 77 41 53 65 77 89 41 53 65 77 53 65 77 89 101 53 65 77 89 101 41 53 65 77 53 65 77 89 101 113

TYPE B
Thickness Total Allowable of thicker thickness displacement steel plates of bearing T mm 30 41 30 41 52 41 52 63 74 30 41 52 30 41 52 41 52 63 74 85 52 63 74 41 52 63 74 85 57 73 89 105 57 73 89 105 121 57 73 89 105 73 89 105 121 137 73 89 105 121 137 57 73 89 105 73 89 105 121 137 153 w mm 21 29 21 29 37 29 37 45 53 21 29 37 21 29 37 29 37 45 53 61 37 45 53 29 37 45 53 61 41 53 65 77 41 53 65 77 89 41 53 65 77 53 65 77 89 101 53 65 77 89 101 41 53 65 77 53 65 77 89 101 113 Ts mm 15 15 15

TYPE C
Total Total Allowable elastomer thickness of displacement thickness bearing Te mm 16 24 16 24 32 24 32 40 48 16 24 32 16 24 32 24 32 40 48 56 32 40 48 24 32 40 48 56 36 48 60 72 36 48 60 72 84 36 48 60 72 48 60 72 84 96 48 60 72 84 96 36 48 60 72 48 60 72 84 96 108 T mm 49 60 49 60 71 60 71 82 93 49 60 71 49 60 71 60 71 82 93 104 71 82 93 60 71 82 93 104 84 100 116 132 84 100 116 132 148 84 100 116 132 100 116 132 148 164 100 116 132 148 164 84 100 116 132 100 116 132 148 164 180 w mm 16 24 16 24 32 24 32 40 48 16 24 32 16 24 32 24 32 40 48 56 32 40 48 24 32 40 48 56 36 48 60 72 36 48 60 72 84 36 48 60 72 48 60 72 84 96 48 60 72 84 96 36 48 60 72 48 60 72 84 96 108 m rad 21 31 10 15 20 8 10 13 16 9 14 19 8 12 16 6 8 10 12 14 9 11 14 5 7 9 10 12 8 10 13 15 7 9 11 13 15 7 10 12 15 7 9 11 12 14 7 8 10 12 13 7 9 11 13 6 7 8 10 11 13 Allowable rotation

8 8 8

300 350

2230 3598

8 8

300X400 300X500 300X600 350X450

2036 2787 3569 3091

12

12

400

3220

12

400X500

4454

12

400X600

5778

12

450

5204

12

450X600

6991

12

2 3 2 3 4 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 2 3 4 3 4 5 6 7 4 5 6 3 4 5 6 7 3 4 5 6 3 4 5 6 7 3 4 5 6 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 3 4 5 6 4 5 6 7 8 9

3 4 3 4 5 4 5 6 7 3 4 5 3 4 5 4 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 5 6 7 8 9 5 6 7 8 9 4 5 6 7 5 6 7 8 9 10

3 3 3

3 3 3

15 15 15

3 3

15 15

20

20

20

20

20

20

20

The loading limits given in this table correspond to the loading of a bearing device to the ULS, in accordance with the verification requirements of standard EN 1337-3-2005.

Plan Compression dimensions load Layer of under zero thickness bearings displacement axb, D mm 500 F kN 6848 t mm 12

Number of layers n

Number Reinforcing of reinforcing plates Total plates thickness elastomer (TYPE B) thickness ns ts mm te mm 41 53 65 77 89 53 65 77 89 101 113 125 53 65 77 89 101 69 85 101 117 133 149 69 85 101 117 133 149 69 85 101 117 133 149 165 69 85 101 117 133 149 165 85 105 125 145 165 185 205 85 105 125 145 165 185 205 225

TYPE B
Thickness Total Allowable of thicker thickness displacement steel plates of bearing T mm 57 73 89 105 121 73 89 105 121 137 153 169 73 89 105 121 137 94 115 136 157 178 199 94 115 136 157 178 199 94 115 136 157 178 199 220 94 115 136 157 178 199 220 110 135 160 185 210 235 260 110 135 160 185 210 235 260 285 w mm 41 53 65 77 89 53 65 77 89 101 113 125 53 65 77 89 101 69 85 101 117 133 149 69 85 101 117 133 149 69 85 101 117 133 149 165 69 85 101 117 133 149 165 85 105 125 145 165 185 205 85 105 125 145 165 185 205 225 Ts mm 20

TYPE C
Total Total Allowable elastomer thickness of displacement thickness bearing Te mm 36 48 60 72 84 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 48 60 72 84 96 64 80 96 112 128 144 64 80 96 112 128 144 64 80 96 112 128 144 160 64 80 96 112 128 144 160 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 T mm 84 100 116 132 148 100 116 132 148 164 180 196 100 116 132 148 164 109 130 151 172 193 214 109 130 151 172 193 214 109 130 151 172 193 214 235 109 130 151 172 193 214 235 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 w mm 36 48 60 72 84 48 60 72 84 96 108 120 48 60 72 84 96 64 80 96 112 128 144 64 80 96 112 128 144 64 80 96 112 128 144 160 64 80 96 112 128 144 160 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 m rad 5 7 9 11 13 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 6 7 8 10 11 6 8 9 11 12 14 6 7 9 10 12 13 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Allowable rotation

500x600

8262

12

550 600

8825 12561

12

600x600

8214

16

600x700

10329

16

700x700 700 750

13749 10553 13949

16

700x800

16772

16

800x800 800 850

15054 11588 14804

20

900x900 900

21971 16951

20

3 4 5 6 7 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 5 6 7 8 9 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

4 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 6 7 8 9 5 6 7 8 9 10 5 6 7 8 9 10 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

20

20

20

20

20

20

20

20

Figures provided as examples. Other sizes are available as a function of the requirements linked to a given application. Contact Freyssinet.

Elastomeric bearing types

Standard bearings
Bearings are individually moulded and the reinforcing plates are completely buried in the elastomer with at least 4mm lateral cover and generally 2.5mm thick (type B) outside layers with the exception of bearings provided with thick external bands (type C).

Type B

Type C

These bearings may have a rectangular, square or circular section. They may also have holes for running specific materials through (cross bar anchor), for fitting damping material or for reducing vertical stiffness.

Bearings with anchor plates


Freyssinet offers several solutions appropriate for different configurations, considering the variety of construction methods for structures and the stresses transmitted by bearings.

Bearings fitted with corrugated outer plates to guarantee thin connexion.

Bearings fitted with outer plates, anchor plates and connexion devices.

Bearings fitted with outer plates, anchor plates and shear discs.

Bearings with sliding surface


Laminated elastomeric bearings can be fitted with a sliding surface comprising a PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) sheet dipped in the elastomer of the bearing or notched in the top thick outer plate and a sliding plate provided with an austenitic steel sheet for decks requiring significant movement. Therefore, the built up bearing only provides very little movement resistance (limited to PTFE/ austenitic steel friction).

Restrained bearings
Transfer of large horizontal loads in either direction can be provided using steel guides.

Production and quality

Freyssinet offers neoprene and natural rubber based bearings to meet different national or international standards (BS, AASHTO, DIN, EN, etc.). Production quality of these bearings is guaranteed by appropriate formulation, control of mix preparation and steel plate surface treatment quality, as well as by the care applied to construction and moulding. Internal and external inspections are made at each production stage. Moreover, Freyssinet conducts a policy of permanently improving its products and research and development of new processes or materials. The rigorous product quality control practices Freyssinet has developed have enabled the Group to obtain CE marking to distribute its elastomeric bearings.

More than 60 offices worldwide


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1 bis, rue du Petit Clamart 78140 Vlizy-Villacoublay - France Tel: +33 1 46 01 84 84 - Fax: +33 1 46 01 85 85 www.freyssinet.com

May 2010