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Adding Decimals

Adding decimals is easy if you keep your work neat To add decimals, follow these steps:

Write down the numbers, one under the other, with the decimal points lined up Put in zeros so the numbers have the same length Then add normally, remembering to put the decimal point in the answer

Example: Add 1.452 to 1.3

Line the decimals up:

1.452 + 1.3 1.452 + 1.300 1.452 + 1.300 2.752

"Pad" with zeros:

Add:

Example: Add 3.25, 0.075 and 5

Line the decimals up:

3.25 0.075 + 5. 3.250 0.075 + 5.000 3.250 0.075 + 5.000 8.325

"Pad" with zeros:

Add:

That's all there is to it - just remember to line up the decimals, then add normally.

Subtracting Decimals
Subtracting decimals is easy if you keep your work neat To subtract decimals, follow these steps:

Write down the two numbers, one under the other, with the decimal points lined up. Add zeros so the numbers have the same length Then subtract normally, remembering to put the decimal point in the answer

Example: Subtract 0.03 from 1.1

Line the decimals up:

1.1 - 0.03 1.10 - 0.03 1.10 - 0.03 1.07

"Pad" with zeros:

Subtract:

Answer: 1.07 So, that was just like 110 - 3 = 107, but with the decimal point in a different position

Example: Calculate 7.005-0.55

Line the decimals up:

7.005 - 0.55 7.005 - 0.550 7.005 - 0.550 6.455

"Pad" with zeros:

Subtract:

Answer: 6.455 And that was just like 7,005 - 550 = 6,455

MathStories.com
Sheet # 17/The Three Little Pigs Name: _____________________ Date_____________ Show your work.

TM

1) Once upon a time, there were three little pigs - ages 2, 4, and 6. Are their ages even or odd? 2) Each little pig wanted to build a house. Pig #1 wanted to build a house of straw. Straw costs $4 a bundle. He needs 9 bundles. How much will he spend? 3) The 2nd little pig wanted to build a house of sticks. Each bundle of sticks weighs 5 pounds. Pig#2 needs 10 bundles. How much will they weigh? 4) Pig #3 wanted to build a house of bricks. Each side of his 4-sided house needs 100 bricks. How many bricks will he need? 5) How many different ways could the pigs arrange their houses? 6) Pig #1 worked on his house 3 hours a day for 2 days. How long did he work? 7) Pig #2 built his house in 8 hours. He worked for 4 days. How many hours did he work each day? 8) Pig #3 worked for 16 hours. How much longer did he work than Pig # 2? 9) Pig #1 wanted to put in windows. He wanted to put 3 windows on each side of 2 sides of his house. How many windows will he put in? 10) Pig 2 wanted wall to wall carpeting. He needs 20 sq. feet. The carpet was $4 a square foot, but such a deal. He got it for half price! What did it cost him for his carpeting? 11) Pig 3 wanted an extension phone. He needs 1 yard of phone wire. How many feet is this? 12) Pig 3 also got a good deal on his on his phone bill. It cost him $2 the first month, $4 the second month, and $6 the third month. At this rate, what will his bill be in the 5th month? 13) When all the work was done they decided to play. They played leap hog. Pig 1 jumped 5 feet, pig 2 jumped 8 feet, and pig 3 jumped 7 feet. How far did they jump together? 14) After an exciting game of leap hog, Pig 3 had an idea. To help pay for their homes, they could open a lemonade stand. They could sell lemonade for 10 cents a glass. If they sold 10 glasses, how much would they make? 15) If they made $4.10 and spent $1.50 on lemonade, how much would they have left? 16) After making all that money, they were tired. Pig #1 went to bed at 9:00 p.m. The other 2 went to bed at 11:00 p.m. How much later did Pig 2 and 3 go to bed?

17) They all woke up 10 hours later. What time did Pig 1 get up? 18) For breakfast they each had 5 eggs - no bacon, of course. How many eggs did they have? 19) To work off their enormous breakfast, they walked for hours. Pig 1 walked 3 miles, Pig 2 walked 4 miles, and Pig 3 walked 5 miles. About how many miles did the three pigs walk altogether? 20) While they were walking, a very large wolf saw them. He was starving. "What a swell meal they'd make," he thought. If he could get 5 pork chops from each one, how many pork chops could he make? 21) The pigs were tired and wanted to go home. Even their little piggies (feet) hurt. As a matter of fact, they wore out their little pig shoes. How many shoes did they wear out? 22) Pig # 1 was getting crabby. He felt something was wrong. "We're being followed!" he screamed. "Let's run for home!" The pigs ran and ran. They ran 4 miles in 2 minutes. How many miles did they run each minute? 23) When they got home, Pig #1 heard a knock at his door. "Little Pig, Little Pig let me in!" (Everyone) "Not by the hair of my chinny chin chin!" Now the wolf was angry. He huffed and puffed and blew the house down! Little Pig No. 1 screamed and ran back to No. 2's house, which was 125 ft. away. About how far was that? 24) Wolf was really angry now - and hungry too! At the stick house he cried, "Little Pig, Little Pig, let me in." (Everyone) "Not by the hair of my chinny chin chin!" "Oh yeah?" said the wolf. "I'll show you!" And he brought out his high powered fan he got on sale at Osco for $9.98. About how much was the fan? 25) It took only 1 minute to blow down the stick house. How many seconds is that? 26) Yes, the stick house blew down too. Both pigs went squealing down the road to their brother, who like all big brothers said, "I told you so!" And they sat down to watch TV. Their favorite show, Pigmalion, comes on at 8:00 p.m. It was 7:30 p.m. How long did they have to wait for their program? 27) Anyway, this wolf wasn't stupid. He knew he couldn't blow down the brick house without popping a lung so he thought...."I'll just get in my 1963 Volkswagen and run this house down!" If it's 1999, how old was the car? 28) Well, Mr. Wolf hadn't taken very good care of his old car, and Pig #3 did a pretty good job with those bricks, In a contest between bricks and a Volkswagen Beetle, the house won. The pigs were able to make 3 lovely furs for winter, and quit their jobs to sell scrap metal. If the car weighed 1 ton, how many pounds is that? 29) How much money would they make selling scrap metal at $1.72 a pound? Round the selling price of scrap metal to the nearest dollar. 30) And so they lived happily ever after now with their successful pig-iron business. If each pig earns $100 a week, how much will they earn altogether for their week's work?

Mr. Geometry

Geometry, Geometry, Gives us all our shapes... Circles, squares, polygons, Shapes of cold green grapes!!! Shapes of apes, and apes, and apes, Hiding out behind the drapes, Time to make a great escape, When shapely shapes, The shapes of apes... Shapes of scrapes, Shapes of plates, Naming, using, All those shapes, Circles, squares, prisms, spheres, Shapes that look like rabbit ears, Angles, curves, diamonds, swerves, Shapes I often, Do observe, Make me dizzy, Make me sigh, Geometry's one busy guy!!!

Risk of plane bombs no, there's an even better way." To the A mathematician and a nonothers' amusement he proceeds to mathematician are sitting in an airport construct a little tiny fence around hall waiting for their flight to go. The non himself, then declares: has terrible flight panic. "I define myself to be on the outside." "Hey, don't worry, it's just every 10000th There are three kinds of flight that crashes." mathematicians: those who can count and those who "1:10000? So much? Then it surely will be mine!" There are two groups of people in the "Well, there is an easy way out. Simply take the next plane. It's much moreworld; those probable that you go from a crashing to who believe that the world can be a non-crashing plane than the otherdivided into two groups of people, way and round. So you are already at 1:10000 those who don't. squared." There are two groups of people in the world: The results of statistics Those who can be categorized into one 1. Ten percent of all car thieves are leftof two handed groups of people, and those who can't. 2. All polar bears are left-handed 3. If your car is stolen, there's a 10 2. The Flood is over and the ark has percent chance it was taken by a Polar landed. Noah lets all the animals out bear and says, "Go forth and multiply." 1. 39 percent of unemployed men wear spectacles 2. 80 percent of employed men wear spectacles 3. Work stuffs up your eyesight 1. All dogs are animals 2. All cats are animals 3. Therefore, all dogs are cats 1. A total of 4000 cans are opened around the world every second 2. Ten babies are conceived around the world every second 3. Each time you open a can, you stand a 1 in 400 chance of becoming pregnant Debate about the box An engineer, a physicist, and a mathematician are trying to set up a fenced-in area for some sheep, but they have a limited amount of building material. The engineer gets up first and makes a square fence with the material, reasoning that it's a pretty good working solution. "No no," says the physicist, "there's a better way." He takes the fence and makes a circular pen, showing how it encompasses the maximum possible space with the given material. Then the mathematician speaks up: "No, A few months later, Noah decides to take a stroll and see how the animals are doing. Everywhere he looks he finds baby animals. Everyone is doing fine except for one pair of little snakes. "What's the problem?" says Noah. "Cut down some trees and let us live there", say the snakes. Noah follows their advice. Several more weeks pass. Noah checks on the snakes again. Lots of little snakes, everybody is happy. Noah asks, "Want to tell me how the trees helped?" "Certainly", say the snakes. "We're adders, so we need logs to multiply." 3. A bunch of Polish scientists decided to flee their repressive government by hijacking an airliner and forcing the pilot to fly them to a western country. They drove to the airport, forced their way on board a large passenger jet, and found there was no pilot on board. Terrified, they listened as the sirens got louder. Finally, one of the scientists suggested that since he was an experimentalist, he would try to fly the aircraft. He sat down at the controls and tried to figure them out. The sirens got

louder and louder. Armed men surrounded the jet. The would be pilot's friends cried out, "Please, please take off now!!! Hurry!!!" The experimentalist calmly replied, "Have patience. I'm just a simple pole in a complex plane." 4. A mathematician went insane and believed that he was the differentiation operator. His friends had him placed in a mental hospital until he got better. All day he would go around frightening the other patients by staring at them and saying "I differentiate you!" One day he met a new patient; and true to form he stared at him andsaid "I differentiate you!", but for once, his victim's expression didn't change. Surprised, the mathematician marshalled his energies, stared fiercely at the new patient and said loudly "I differentiate you!", but still the other man had no reaction. Finally, in frustration, the mathematician screamed out "I DIFFERENTIATE YOU!" The new patient calmly looked up and said, "You can differentiate me all you like: I'm e to the x." 5. A mathematician wandered home at 3 AM. His wife became very upset, telling him, "You're late! You said you'd be home by 11:45!" The mathematician replied, "I'm right on time. I said I'd be home by a quarter of twelve."