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# If

is borrowed for

years at

interest, compounded annually, and then paid in full at the end of that period, how much must be paid back at that time? Use the calculator provided and round your answer to the nearest dollar. After the first year, the amount due will be ; after the second year, the amount due will be ; and so on. In general, after years the amount due will be amount due will be . In this example, . So we have . Rounding to the nearest dollar , we get that the amount due will be The answer is . after years. times the original amount. Thus, the

## A laptop computer is purchased for

After each year, its resale value is of its value the previous year. What will be the resale value of the computer after years?

Use the calculator provided and round your answer to the nearest dollar. After the first year, the computer will have a resale value of ; after the second year, the computer will have a resale value of ; and so on. In general, after years the resale value will be have a resale value of . In this example, . So we have . Rounding to the nearest dollar , we get that the computer will have a resale value of years. The answer is . after of the original value. Thus, the computer will

## . We must find the solutions of this

quadratic equation, that is, the values of for which the equation is true. First, we substitute the numbers given for . Next, we rewrite the equation in the standard form, . Comparing this to the standard form, we see , solutions to this equation are given by the quadratic formula: , and . The : and into the equation, :

. Substituting the values of , , and found above into this equation yields

So,

or

## . or seconds or . seconds. feet. The

Writing these two values as decimals yields Rounding these values to Therefore, at approximately decimal places yields seconds and

## seconds, the height of the ball is

first time ( ) occurs when the ball is on the way up, while the second time ( the ball is on the way down. The answer is:

) occurs when

seconds or

seconds.

## Dividing the polynomial a quotient , find

by and

yields . If .

and a remainder of

The division algorithm guarantees that if the division of and a remainder of , then . We can use this fact to find . Namely,

by

yields a quotient of

. So Note that then . is the remainder when is divided by . The generalization of this result is by , and , so by the remainder

## called the remainder theorem: if theorem we must have To find

is the remainder after dividing the polynomial , which is exactly the result obtained above.

## . In the current problem, we have

, we use the division algorithm along with the given information that

like

## triangle. Put answers in the degree measure to the nearest hundredth.

When three sides of an oblique triangle are given, and we are asked to find the angles, we are said to be in the SSS case (referring to side-side-side). The procedure to solve such a triangle is as follows.

We first solve for the largest angle by using the law of cosines. This will always be the angle opposite the longest side. Since is the longest side, we find the measure of , and so by using the law of cosines:

Therefore,

(We will use the exact value of , in order to minimize rounding error.)

## below rather than the approximation,

Second, we find the remaining sides using the law of sines. Since

, we have

. Hence,

, and

like , ,

## . In other words, solve the

triangle. Round all answers to the nearest hundredth with angles in degree measure.

When two sides and the included angle of an oblique triangle are given, and we are asked to find the remaining parts, we are said to be in the SAS case (referring to side-angle-side). The procedure to solve such a triangle is as follows.

We first solve for the unknown side by using the law of cosines. Namely,

so that

(We will use the exact value of approximation, , in order to minimize rounding error.)

## below rather than the

Second, we find the measure of the angle opposite the shorter of the two given sides. Since , we solve for . Using the law of sines, we have

and hence

, so that

, and

## like the one shown , and the , solve the triangle

by finding , , and . If no such triangle exists, enter "No solution." If there is more than one such triangle, use the "or" button to enter additional solutions. Round all answers to the nearest tenth with angle measure in degrees.

When two sides and an angle not included between them are given, we are in the SSA case (Side-Side-Angle).

In the SSA case, we always know a side and its opposite angle. In this problem, we know opposite angle the law of sines: . We can then use the other given side to solve for its opposite angle

## . We get the following:

(We will use the exact value of , in order to minimize rounding error.)

Since

Figure 1

and

and

For

, we have

. For , we have

## . Using the law of sines, we have

. Note that, in calculating than the values of and , we used the values of and (given in the question) rather

## (an approximation) in order to minimize rounding error.

Here are the solutions, with values rounded to the nearest tenth.

, , or , ,

Compute the value of the discriminant and give the number of real solutions to the quadratic equation .

Background: The solutions of the quadratic equation are given by the quadratic formula:

. The expression under the square root, , is called the discriminant of the

quadratic equation. The value of the discriminant determines the number of real solutions to :

y y y

If If

## real solutions to real solution to .

If , there are no real solutions to root of a negative number is not a real number).

## (as the square

The current problem: For the quadratic equation , we have that , , and

. Thus, the value of the discriminant is . Since the value of the discriminant is equal to zero , the quadratic equation has real solution .

## Find all the values of equation

has two real solutions . Write your answer as an equality or inequality in terms of .

Background: The solutions of the quadratic equation are given by the quadratic formula:

. The expression under the square root, , is called the discriminant of the

quadratic equation. It turns out that the value of the discriminant determines the number of real solutions to :

y y y

If If

## real solutions to real solution to .

If , there are no real solutions to root of a negative number is not a real number).

## (as the square

The current problem: In order for . Plugging solving for , we have to have two real solutions , we must have the discriminant , , and into this inequality and

, and

, with

and positive ( .

if and only if

Note that

is of the form

, with

, and

## We write it as a logarithmic equation as follows.

The midpoint formula states that the midpoint of the line segment joining the points is the point ((x1+x2)/2 , (y1+y2)/2)

and

Solve

, and

, with

and positive ( .

## if and only if Applying this to our problem gives

if and only if . From the equation on the right, we have that . Thus, .

Solve

, and

, with

and positive (

if and only if

## Raising both sides of the equation on the right to the power

, we get

Find the magnitude of the vector given below. Also find the measure (in degrees) of the acute angle formed by the vector and the -axis. Do not round any intermediate computations, and round your responses to decimal places.

## Figure 1. Imagine a right triangle

-axis and the vector as the hypotenuse (Figure 1). The length , and the length of the other leg equals .

## right triangle equals

The magnitude of a vector is the length of that vector. Therefore, we can use the Pythagorean Theorem to find the magnitude of the given vector. Specifically, using of the given vector, we have to represent the magnitude

. Using a calculator, we can compute the value of represents a length): (which must be nonnegative as it

## . To find , we use the definition of tangent. Specifically, we have

. Therefore, we can use arctangent to find : . The answer is: magnitude of the vector: .

## A vector with initial point

and terminal

point is translated so that its initial point is at the origin. Find its new terminal point.

In translating a vector, we maintain its magnitude and direction. If we move the initial point of a vector to the origin, we must simultaneously move its terminal point in the same way. In other words, to move the initial point , we must subtract add to the -coordinate: . from the to -coordinate and
Figure 1

## . Therefore, the new terminal point will

For a given arithmetic sequence, the , is equal to , is equal to Find the value of the
th

th th

term,

## , and the . term,

term,

A sequence

is an arithmetic sequence if and only if the differences between (called the common difference of the sequence):

consecutive terms are equal to some number . Showing this another way, we have .

## . More generally, for any terms

and

of an

. Note that if we know the value of any two terms in an arithmetic sequence, we can use this formula to find the value of . For the current problem, we are given that . So, we have the following. and

## Compute decimal places.

Most calculators compute logarithms only with base ). To compute a logarithm with a base different from formula for logarithms. Change of base formula for logarithms: For any positive numbers , , and ,

(denoted by or

) or base

(denoted by

## . For base , the formula becomes

A proof of this formula

## . We then use the change of base formula for logarithms,

proof of this formula