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JC2 Organic Chemistry Tutorial Halogenoalkanes and Hydroxy compounds Tutorial Basic Questions 1.

(a) State specifically the mechanism of: Ph3CCl + aqueous NaOH under reflux Ph : Phenyl; Phenyl group means C6H5Discuss any point of interest regarding the molecule Ph3CCl.

Ph3CCl. (b) (c) 2. (CH3)2CHCH2Br + aqueous KOH under reflux CH3CH2Cl + ethanolic KOH under reflux Describe the mechanism of CH3CH2CH2Br reacting with ethanolic NaOH.

3. Illustrate the oxidation of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols with oxidizing agents. 4. Illustrate the reduction of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids into alcohols.

5. Discuss how ethanol reacts with halide-containing compounds to form halogenoalkanes. 6. Discuss the iodoform reaction of ethanol.

7. Discuss the reaction of ethanol reacting with ethanoic acid in the presence of a catalyst. 8. Discuss how ethanol acts as an acid when it reacts with sodium metal.