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Looking At Type

A Description of the Preferences Reported by The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator


By Earle C. Page

C A P T

Im not crazy, Im just not you!

Psychological Type based on Swiss psychologist/psychiatrist Carl Jungs theory of perceiving (taking in info) & judging (coming to conclusions)

THE MYERSBRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR


was developed after World War II to match people with jobs by Katharine C. Briggs & Isabel Briggs Myers

Today MBTI is the most widely used personality instrument in the world!

THE MYERSBRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR


REPORTS SOME OF YOUR

Preferences Tendencies Characteristics


But not all of them

The MBTI Does Not Assess


NORMALCY or APTITUDE PSYCHOLOGICAL ILLNESS EMOTIONS SKILL TRAUMA STRESS LEARNING INTELLIGENCE PHYSICAL ILLNESS MATURITY

YOU decide how ACCURATE the Report is for YOU: MBTI sorts into opposite categories; does not measure degree of trait MBTI identifies how consistently you prefer one tendency over its opposite

THE FOUR PREFERENCE SCALES ARE polar opposites! Extraversion or Introversion Sensing or Intuition Thinking or Feeling Judgment or Perception

EXTRAVERSION & INTROVERSION


Complementary Attitudes toward the World

E
An Extraverts Essential Stimulation Is From The Environment The Outer World Of People And Things

I
An Introverts Essential Stimulation Is From Within The Inner World Of Thoughts And Reflections

Both Attitudes Are Used By Everyone, But One Is Usually Preferred And Better Developed

EXTRAVERSION

INTROVERSION

Feels Pulled Outward By External Claims And Conditions

Feels Pushed Inward By External Claims And Intrusions

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Energized By Other People, External Experiences

Energized By Inner Resources, Internal Experiences

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Acts Then (Maybe) Reflects

Reflects Then (Maybe) Acts

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Is Often Friendly, Talkative, Talkative Easy To Know

Is Often Reserved, Quiet, Quiet Hard To Know

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Expresses Thoughts And Emotions Freely


(May Be At Risk Of Saying Too Much)

Keeps Thoughts And Emotions Private


(May Be At Risk Of Saying Too Little)

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Needs Relationships

Needs Privacy

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Gives Breadth To Life

Gives Depth To Life

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Es May Seem Shallow To Is

Is May Seem Withdrawn To Es

EXTRAVERSION INTROVERSION

Needs Introversion For Balance

Needs Extraversion For Balance

SOME KEY WORDS

E
Extraversion Active Outward Sociable People Many Expressive Breadth

I
Introversion Reflective Inward Reserved Privacy Few Quiet Depth

These Characteristics Often Develop From E And I PreferencesSome Of Them May Be True Of You

EXTRAVERTS
Use Both E And I, But Prefer E

INTROVERTS
Use Both E And I, But Prefer I

HOW CLEAR IS YOUR PREFERENCE

SENSING & INTUITION Ways of Taking in Information

S
The Sensing Function Takes In Information By Way Of The Five Senses Sight, Sound, Touch, Taste, And Smell

N
The Intuiting Function Processes Information By Way Of A Sixth Sense or Insight

Both Attitudes Are Part Of Everyones Lifestyle, But One Is Usually Preferred And Better Developed

SENSING

INTUITION

Sees Specific Parts And Pieces

Sees Patterns And Relationships

SENSING

INTUITION

Lives In The Present, Enjoying Whats There

Lives Toward The Future, Anticipating What Might Be

SENSING

INTUITION

Prefers Handling Practical Matters

Prefers Imagining Possibilities

SENSING

INTUITION

Likes Things That Are Definite, Measurable

Likes Opportunities For Being Inventive

SENSING

INTUITION

Starts At The Beginning, Takes A Step At A Time

Jumps In Anywhere, Leaps Over Steps

SENSING

INTUITION

Works Hands-On With The Parts To Understand The Overall Design

Studies The Overall Design To Understand How The Parts Fit Together

SENSING

INTUITION

Enjoys Using And Refining The Known And Familiar

Enjoys Experimenting With The New And Different

SENSING

INTUITION

Ss May Seem Materialistic And Literal-Minded To Ns

Ns May Seem Fickle, Impractical Dreamers To Ss

SENSING

INTUITION

Needs Intuition For Balance

Needs Sensing For Balance

SOME KEY WORDS

S = 70% of US population
Sensing Details Present Practical Facts Sequential Directional Repetition Enjoyment Perspiration Conserve Literal

N = 84% of college profs


Intuition Patterns Future Imaginative Innovations Random Hunches Variety Anticipation Inspiration Change Figurative

These Characteristics Often Develop From S And N PreferencesSome May Be True Of You

SENSING TYPES
Use Both S And N, But Prefer S

INTUITIVE TYPES
Use Both S And N, But Prefer N

HOW CLEAR IS YOUR PREFERENCE

THINKING & FEELING Ways of Making Decisions

T
Thinking Is The Mental Process That Decides On The Basis Of Logical Analysis

F
Feeling Is The Mental Process That Decides On The Basis Of Evaluating Relative Worth

Both Ways Of Deciding And Evaluating Are Used By Everyone, But One Is Usually Preferred And Better Developed

THINKING

FEELING

Decides With The Head

Decides With The Heart

THINKING

FEELING

Goes By Logic

Goes By Personal Convictions

THINKING

FEELING

Concerned With Principles Such As Truth, Justice

Concerned With Values Such As Relationships, Harmony

THINKING

FEELING

Sees Things As An On-Looker From Outside A Situation

Sees Things As A Participant From Within A Situation

THINKING

FEELING

Takes A Long Range View

Takes An Immediate And Personal View

THINKING

FEELING

Spontaneously Critiques

Spontaneously Appreciates

THINKING

FEELING

Good At Analyzing Plans

Good At Understanding People

THINKING

FEELING

Ts May Seem Cold And Condescending To Fs

Fs May Seem Fuzzy-Minded And Emotional To Ts

THINKING

FEELING

Needs Feeling For Balance

Needs Thinking For Balance

SOME KEY WORDS

T
Thinking Head Justice Cool Impersonal Critique Analyze Precise Principles

F
Feeling Heart Harmony Caring Personal Appreciate Empathize Persuasive Values

These Characteristics Often Develop From T And F PreferencesSome Of Them May Be True Of You

THINKING TYPES FEELING TYPES


Use Both T And F, But Prefer T Use Both T And F, But Prefer F

HOW CLEAR IS YOUR PREFERENCE

JUDGMENT & PERCEPTION Complementary Orientations to the World = Lifestyle

J
A Judging Lifestyle Is Decisive, Planned and Orderly

P
A Perceiving Lifestyle Is Flexible, Adaptable and Spontaneous

Both Orientations Are Part Of Everyones Lifestyle, But One Is Usually Preferred And Better Developed

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Prefers An Organized Lifestyle

Prefers A Flexible Lifestyle

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Likes Definite Order And Structure

Likes Going With The Flow

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Likes To Have Life Under Control

Prefers To Experience Life As It Happens

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Enjoys Being Decisive

Enjoys Being Curious, Discovering Surprises

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Likes Clear Limits And Categories

Likes Freedom To Explore Without Limits

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Feels Comfortable Establishing Closure

Feels Comfortable Maintaining Openness

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Handles Deadlines, Plans In Advance

Meets Deadlines By Last Minute Rush

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Js May Seem Demanding, Rigid, Uptight To Ps

Ps May Seem Disorganized, Messy, Irresponsible to Js

JUDGMENT

PERCEPTION

Needs Perception For Balance

Needs Judgment For Balance

SOME KEY WORDS

J
Judgment Organized Structure Control Decisive Deliberate Closure Plan Deadlines Productive

P
Perception Flexible Flow Experience Curious Spontaneous Openness Wait Discoveries Receptive

These Characteristics Often Develop From J And P PreferencesSome Of Them May Be True Of You

JUDGING TYPES
Use Both J And P, But Prefer J

PERCEIVING TYPES
Use Both J And P, But Prefer P

HOW CLEAR IS YOUR PREFERENCE

When Combined, YOUR FOUR PREFERENCES


Extraversion or Introversion Sensing or Intuition Thinking or Feeling Judgment or Perception

Indicate your PREFERENCE TYPE

THE SIXTEEN TYPES


Each of these Sixteen Types is Gifted and Valuable: Type is only one component of the complex human personality.

ISTJ ISTP ESTP ESTJ

ISFJ ISFP ESFP ESFJ

INFJ INFP ENFP ENFJ

INTJ INTP ENTP ENTJ

Type is Helpful in Understanding Yourself and Other People


Opposite Types Complement Each Otherunderstanding Type can help us move from Irritation to Acceptance!

We hope you enjoy looking at type in many areas of life


Work Family Relationships Careers Teams Learning and many others!

Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000 Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc.

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and MBTI are registered trademarks of Consulting Psychologists Press, Palo Alto, CA CAPT, the CAPT logo and Center for Applications of Psychological Type are trademarks of Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc. Gainesville, FL Looking at Type is a registered trademark of Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc. Gainesville, FL Center for Applications of Psychological Type, Inc. 2815 NW 13th Street, Suite 401 Gainesville, FL 32609-2815 352/375-0160

Prayers by MBTI Types


ISTJ: Lord, help me to relax about insignificant details beginning tomorrow at 11:41.23 a.m. EST. ISTP: God, help me to consider peoples feelings, even if most of them ARE hypersensitive. ESTP: God, help me take responsibility for my own actions even though theyre usually NOT my fault. ESTJ: God, help me try not to RUN everything. But if you need some help, just ask. ISFJ: Lord, help me to be more laid back and help me to do it EXACTLY right. ISFP: Lord, help me to stand up for my rights (if you dont mind my asking). ESFP: God, help me to take things more seriously, especially parties & dancing. ESFJ: God, give me patience and I mean RIGHT NOW. INFJ: Lord, help me not be a perfectionist. (Did I spell that correctly?) INFP: God, help me to finish everything I sta. ENFP: God, help me to keep my mind on one thLook, a birding at a time. ENFJ: God, help me to do only what I can and trust you for the rest. Do you mind putting that in writing? INTJ: Lord, keep me open to others ideas, WRONG though they may be. INTP: Lord, help me be less independent, but let me do it my way. ENTP: Lord, help me follow established procedures today. On second thought, Ill settle for a few minutes. ENTJ: Lord, help me slow downandnotrushthroughwhatIdo. Amen.

Myers-Briggs Pumpkin Soup Sensing (S) Directions:

Ingredients (as printed in actual cookbook): # sliced mushrooms 1 T curry powder 1 c. evaporated milk c. chopped onions 1 # sieved, cooked pumpkin dash nutmeg 1 T butter 3 c. broth (vegetable or chicken) dash ginger 1 T flour 1 T honey salt and pepper

Lay out necessary equipment: heavy pan, knife, caliper, thermometer, carpenters level, tablespoons, measuring cups. Check ingredients. Consult cookbook or call friend to find out how much nutmeg/ginger is in a dash, and how much salt and pepper to make a batch of pumpkin soup. Chop mushrooms and onions; caliper will be helpful here 3/16 thickness. Saut mushrooms and onions in butter. After sauting in butter, add 1 T flour. This thickens the sauce a bit before adding the liquids and results in a thicker soup. You will know the mushrooms are cooked when a table knife encounters resistance upon cutting one. Add flour and broth; be sure measuring cup is on level surface when measuring - carpenters level will be helpful. Add everything else except milk. Add milk and heat without boiling; thermometer will be helpful keep under 200 . Serve in tureen and bowls pleasing to the eye, and garnish with chopped fresh parsley.

Myers-Briggs Pumpkin Soup Intuitive (N) Directions:

Ingredients (as printed in actual cookbook): # sliced mushrooms 1 T curry powder 1 c. evaporated milk c. chopped onions 1 # sieved, cooked pumpkin dash nutmeg 1 T butter 3 c. broth (vegetable or chicken) dash ginger 1 T flour 1 T honey salt and pepper There is a lot of creativity in this soup. A good, rich pumpkin soup offers potential for synchronous cooking. Open the refrigerator and let your imagination roam some pieces of chicken, tomatoes, a dab of mustard, chutney, Toms Hot Sauce. Whatever, but since you are calling it pumpkin soup you might want to have some pumpkin in it, but mashed carrots, squash, or even sweet potatoes will do. You might want to start by sauting any ingredients that need this process. This way, you will need just 1 pan. Add the rest of the ingredients and taste until it seems right to you. While the soup heats you will probably want to make some rolls to go with it and since you are in the kitchen anyway, you might as well clean the refrigerator and defrost the freezer. While you are cleaning the dishes, you can make plans for a great soup tasting event or for the restaurant you are going to open. Serve the soup in whatever is clean, or send someone to the store for paper bowls.

Myers-Briggs Pumpkin Soup Thinking (T) Directions:

Ingredients (as printed in actual cookbook): # sliced mushrooms 1 T curry powder 1 c. evaporated milk c. chopped onions 1 # sieved, cooked pumpkin dash nutmeg 1 T butter 3 c. broth (vegetable or chicken) dash ginger 1 T flour 1 T honey salt and pepper Analyze the process. This recipe can be cooked quite efficiently if some thought is given to the process melt the butter in the pan over low heat while you chop the onions and mushrooms. If the broth has been refrigerated (which will help with skimming off the fat), it will cook more quickly if you let it warm to room temperature. Analyze the equipment. Try to use as few utensils, pans and bowls as possible. For instance, if you first measure the curry powder, then the butter, then the honey with the T, you will have to wash it only once. Analyze the recipe. Alterations should be made from the beginning. How many people are you serving? How much will each eat? Is the recipe large enough? Too large? Proceed as with sensing directions except realize that it is more logical to serve this soup from a pitcher.

Myers-Briggs Pumpkin Soup Feeling (F) Directions:

Ingredients (as printed in actual cookbook): # sliced mushrooms 1 T curry powder 1 c. evaporated milk c. chopped onions 1 # sieved, cooked pumpkin dash nutmeg 1 T butter 3 c. broth (vegetable or chicken) dash ginger 1 T flour 1 T honey salt and pepper You may need to substitute some ingredients according to who will be eating the soup, so these are just guidelines. If there is someone who doesnt like mushrooms, you can leave out the mushrooms, or substitute potatoes. If onions are hard on someones stomach, you can leave them out or substitute green peppers. A full T of curry powder may sound too strong for someone, so you can leave it out or reduce the amount or substitute Beau Monde Seasoning. In fact, you may want to wait until almost the last minute to decide whether or not to serve pumpkin soup at all. You may want to omit it entirely from your menu and serve another soup or dish that seems more appropriate. Serve with a warm smile.

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Im not crazy. Im just not you!


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