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COMBINED HUMANITIES Paper 3 History Elective
Secondary 5 Normal Academic Thursday 8 May 2008 1 h 30 minutes


TIME 1 h 30 minutes INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Write your Name, Index No. and Class in the box on this page and in the spaces provided on the answer paper. Section A: You must answer all parts of Question 1. Section B: Answer one question. Write your answers on the separate answer paper provided. Begin your answer to Section B on a new and separate sheet of paper. You are advised to spend no longer than 50 minutes on Section A. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES The number of marks for each part-question is shown in brackets.


Index No:___________ Class:______________

This question paper consists of 4 printed pages

[Turn Over

Section A Answer all parts of Question 1. In answering the questions you should use your knowledge and understanding of the period to help you interpret and evaluate the sources. You must use the sources to which you are specifically directed, but you may use any of the other sources where they are helpful. 1. This source is about Bolshevik rule in Russia.

Source A
This painting shows Lenin addressing a crowd on his return to Russia in April 1917.

Taken from The Twentieth Century: As It Was Lived - A History of the Modern World, Teacher's Guide by Shafarina Sujak,2001

Source B
Part of a speech made by a British politician Winston Churchill in 1919. Of all the tyrannies in history, the Bolshevik tyranny is the worst, the most destructive, the most degrading. The atrocities committed by Lenin and Trotsky are much worse than anything the German Kaiser did in the war. Taken from The 20th Century: As It Was Lived A History of the Modern World by Nigel Kelly and Paul Shuter, 2000

Source C
An official statement from the Kronstadt sailors. After carrying out the October Revolution, the working classes hoped for freedom. But the result has been greater slavery. The bayonets, bullets and harsh commands of the Cheka these are what the working man of Soviet Russia has won. The glorious emblem of the workers state - the hammer and sickle - has been replaced by the Communist authorities with the bayonet and the barred window. Here in Kronstadt we are making a third revolution which will free the workers and the Soviets from the Communists. Taken from GCSE Modern World History by Ben Walsh, 1996

Source D
A comment on Lenin. So much of the change in Russia was achieved by Lenins leadership. He was an outstanding personality who never relaxed in his determined drive to bring Communism to Russia. When he died, millions of Russians mourned him and his body was placed in a glass coffin in Red Square, Moscow. Taken from The 20th Century: As It Was Lived A History of the Modern World by Nigel Kelly and Paul Shuter,2000

a. Study Source A What impression do you get of Lenin from the poster? Explain your answer. [5]

b. Study Sources A and B How different are Sources A and B? Explain your answer. [6]

c. Study Source D How useful is Source D to your understanding of Lenins success as a leader? Explain your answer. [6]

d. Study all sources How far do the sources show that Bolshevik rule was unpopular? Explain your answer. [8]

Section B (Structured-essay Question)

Answer ONE of the following questions: 2 Chapter 2: Establishing Peace: Developments after World War I (a) Why did the leaders at the Versailles Peace Conference disagree on how post-war Germany was to be managed? Explain your answer.



The League of Nations formed in 1920 was a failure from the start. Do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [13]

Chapter 3: Authoritarian Regimes: Case Study of Communist Russia (a) (b) Why did Stalin introduce the Five-Year Plans and did they achieve for Russia what Stalin had planned for? Explain your answer.[12] Stalin did not care for the welfare of the Russian people. Do you agree? Explain your answer. [13]

Chapter 4: Authoritarian Regimes: Case Study of Nazi Germany (a) (b) Why was Hitler popular with the Germans and how did he win their support? Explain your answer. [12] Hitler was responsible for the recovery of the German economy from 1925 to 1939. Do you agree? Explain your answer. [13]