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ADVANCED

CATIA V5 Workbook
Knowledgeware and Work Benches





















Richard Cozzens
Southern Utah University
www.suu.edu/cadcam

SDC

Schroff Development Corporation

www.schroff.com
www.schroff-europe.com
PUBLICATIONS
Releases 12 & 13
Tutorial Exercises
Knowledgeware
Work Benches
Kinematics
Stress Analysis
Sheetmetal Design
Prismatic Machining
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Figure 1.1
Lesson 1 Knowledgeware

Introduction to CATIA V5 Knowledgeware

Knowledgeware is not one specific CATIA V5 work bench but several work benches.
Some of the tools can be accessed in the Standard tool bar in the Part Design work
bench. Simply put, Knowledgeware is a group of tools that allow you to create,
manipulate and check your CATIA V5 creations.





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1.2 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Lesson 1 Objectives

This lesson will take you through the process of automating the creation of joggled
extrusions as shown in Figure 1.1. At the end of the lesson you should be able to do the
following:

1. Create the Extrusion Profile Sketch and Joggle Profile Sketch.
2. Assign variable names to the required constraints.
3. Create the Joggled Extrusion.CATPart using the Rib tool.
4. Create a spreadsheet with aluminum extrusion dimensions.
5. Link the spreadsheet to the Joggled Extrusion.CATPart.
6. Apply the spreadsheet to update the Joggled Extrusion.CATPart.
7. Create a Macro.
8. Modify the Macro using VB Script.
9. Create prompt windows for input using VB Script.
10. Check for company/industry standards using the Check tool.
11. Implement the updated Joggled Extrusion.CATPart in a dimensioned drawing.

Figures 1.1 and 1.2 show examples of the Joggled Extrusion you will create in this
lesson. Figure 1.1 shows the standard Joggled Extrusion along with its Specification
Tree. Figure 1.2 shows a spreadsheet with the resultant dimensioned drawing.
Figure 1.2
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Knowledgeware 1.3



Knowledgeware Work Bench Tools and Tool Bars

A combination of six tool bars is used in this lesson from the Knowledgware Product.
The Knowledgeware Product is made up of the following work benches; Knowledge
Advisor, Knowledge Expert, Product Engineering Optimizer, Product Knowledge
Template, Product Function Optimization and Product Functional Definition. Each
of these work benches has a different combination of tools in each tool bar. If you switch
between any of these work benches you may see the same tool in a different tool bar. For
example the Formula and Design Table tools are accessible from many workbenches in
the bottom tool bar.

The Set of Equations Tool Bar
This tool bar contains only one tool.
TOOL ICON TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

Set Of Equations Solves a set of equations.


The Knowledge Tool Bar




TOOL
ICON
TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

Formula Creates parameters and determines the
relationship between parameters.

Comment &
URLs
Adds URLs to the user parameters.

Check Analysis
Toolbox
Signals when there has been a violation in a
check and/or rule.

Design Table Creates and/or imports design tables
(spreadsheets).

Knowledge
Inspector
Queries a design to determine and preview the
results of new parameters.


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1.4 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

The Reactive Features Tool Bar




TOOL ICON TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

Select Highlights the element you want to select.

Rule Creates a rule and applies it to your document.

Check Creates a check and applies it to your document.

Reactions Creates a script that will change feature attributes.


The Tools Tool Bar




TOOL ICON TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

Measure
Update
Updates relationships.

Update Updates the CATPart and/or CATProduct.


The Actions Tool Bar




TOOL ICON TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

Macro with
Arguments
Opens a macro with arguments.

Actions Creates a script.

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Knowledgeware 1.5



The Organize Knowledge Tool Bar




TOOL ICON TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

Add Set of
Parameters
Creates a set of parameters.

Add Set of
Relations
Creates a set of relations.

Parameters
Explorer
Adds new parameters to a feature.

Comment &
URLs
Adds URLs to the user parameters.


The Control Features Tool Bar




TOOL ICON TOOL NAME TOOL DEFINITION

List
Manage the objects you want to add to the list
you are creating.

Loop
Interactively apply a loop to an existing
document.












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1.6 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

The Problem:

One of the many Metalcraft Technologies Inc. (MTI) fabrication processes is fabricating
a joggle in standard and non-standard extrusions. Most of the extrusion requirements are
contained in large assembly mylar sheets. Most of the drawings (mylars) were created in
the early 1970s. It is difficult for the engineer/planner to read and/or measure the mylar
accurately. It may take the engineer/planner 10 to 30 minutes to verify he/she has found
and applied the correct dimensions. It is not productive for the fabricator to also have to
go through the same time consuming process. Having the drawing interpreted so many
times by so many different people will inevitably introduce more chances for error. It is
MTIs policy that the engineer/planner creates an individual drawing for each joggled
extrusion to avoid such confusion. MTI has minimized the time required to create the
individual drawings by setting up templates and standards. Yet, even with templates and
standards this process is still time consuming. Each drawing is basically the same but has
to be re-created because of a few simple dimensional differences and/or a different type
of extrusion. The goal was to cut this time down by using the intelligence contained in
the existing standard extrusion.



The Solution:

CATIA V5 Knowledgeware tools allow the user to capture and use the intelligence
contained within the standard Joggled Extrusion.CATPart. CATIA V5 macro and
scripting capabilities allow the user to be prompted for the critical dimensions. CATIA
V5 then takes the information and updates the Joggled Extrusion.CATPart according to
the supplied input. CATIA V5 also automatically updates the standard dimensioned
drawing (CATDrawing). The dimensioned drawing is ready to be released to the
production floor in a matter of minutes instead of 30 to 60 minutes.

An additional advantage to this process is adding dimensional checks. If the dimensional
values do not match the company and /or industry standards the user will get a warning.

The following instructions will take you through the steps of creating the standard
Joggled Extrusion.CATPart and then implementing the Knowledgeware solution
described above.






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Knowledgeware 1.7



Steps to Implementing the Knowledgeware Solution

A parameterized sketch/solid is a basic form of Knowledgeware; it contains intelligence.
Prior to parametric applications you would have to create each variation of the extrusion
from scratch. Parametric applications allow you to modify one constraint and the
extrusion (solid) will update to that constraint.


1. Determine the Requirements

The general problem solving skills apply to implementing the Knowledgeware
solution. You need to list all that is known and unknown and you need to list all of
the variables, for example, what is known.

If you are not sure at first, manually go through the process. You must be able to
create the process manually.


2. Creating the Extrusion Profile Sketch

Create an Extrusion Profile sketch on the ZX Plane as shown in Figure 1.3. The 0,0
point is located at the lower left corner of the extrusion. This sketch will be used as
the standard; all other extrusions will be derived from this basic sketch. When you
complete the sketch, exit the Sketcher work bench but do not use the Pad tool to
create a solid. The solid will be created in Step 8 using a different tool.





















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1.8 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Figure 1.3




3. Constraining the Extrusion Profile Sketch

After completing the rough sketch of the Extrusion Profile sketch as shown in
Figure 1.3 you must constrain it similar to the constrains shown in Figure 1.3.
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Knowledgeware 1.9



4. Modifying the Constraint Names

In this particular step it is critical that you rename the constraints. Understand that it
is not absolutely necessary, but it will make this process a lot easier if you rename the
constraints with a name that signifies what it is constraining. If you have problems
remembering what the constraint name is, write it down; the names will be required
to create the spreadsheet later in this lesson. It is suggested that you use the
constraint names shown in Figure 1.4 so your information matches what you will see
throughout the remaining steps into this lesson. Also, change the branch name
Sketch.1 to Extrusion Profile. Once you have successfully completed this lesson it is
suggested that you try different variations of this process.




Circle Constraint = R5
Offset Constraint = T2
Figure 1.4
Circle Constraint = R1
Offset Constraint = B
Offset Constraint = T1
Circle Constraint = R2
Circle Constraint = R
Circle Constraint = R3 Offset Constraint = A
Circle Constraint = R4
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1.10 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Figure 1.5
Constraint by selecting on line (length)
Constraint between two entities (distance)
Constraint by selecting the radius
Constraint between two entities (distance)
Figure 1.3 shows the constraints in the Specification Tree already renamed. CATIA
V5 will automatically give it a name as shown in Figure 1.5 below.


























Complete the following steps to rename the constraints.

4.1 Double click on the constraint that you want to rename. This will bring up
the Constraint Definition window with the constraint value in it.

4.2 Select the More button. This will bring up a Constraint Definition
window as shown in Figure 1.6.

4.3 Edit the current constraint name in the Name box to what you want the new
constraint to be named.

4.4 Select OK. The newly renamed constraint will show up in the
Specification Tree.






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Knowledgeware 1.11







5. Creating the Profile Sketch of the Joggle

This step, like Step 2, requires you to create another sketch. This sketch
is created on the YZ Plane in the negative direction (notice where the
is located in relation to the sketch in Figure 1.7). Use the information in
Figure 1.7 to create the Joggle Profile sketch.



Figure 1.6
Figure 1.7
Offset Constraint =
Depth
Offset Constraint =
Transition
Distance Constraint (length) = Dist. To
Endp.
Distance Constraint (length) =
Length.50
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6. Constraining the Joggle Profile Sketch

Create constraints for the Joggle Profile sketch similar to the ones shown in
Figure 1.7.


7. Modifying the Constraint Names

Modify the constraint names you created in Step 6 to match the constraint names
shown in Figure 1.7. Step 4 describes the process of renaming constraints.

NOTE: It is important that the constraint names be consistent throughout this lesson.
The names will be used to link the information to a table in the next few
steps. If you deviate from the naming convention used in this lesson, the
remaining steps will not work as described.


8. Creating a Solid of the Joggled Extrusion

Now that both sketches are created you are ready to create the solid. This will be
accomplished by using the Rib tool found in the Part Design work bench. Complete
the following steps to create the solid

8.1 Select the Extrusion Profile sketch created in Step 2. Make sure it is
highlighted.

8.2 Select the Rib tool found in the Part Design work bench. This will bring up
the Rib Definition window as shown in Figure 1.8. The prompt zone will
prompt you to Define the center curve. The Extrusion Profile will be
listed in the Profile box.

8.3 The Center Curve box should be highlighted. Select the Joggle Profile
either from the geometry or the Specification Tree. CATIA V5 will give
you a preview of the Extrusion Profile being extruded along lines that
define the Joggle Profile sketch.












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8.4 If the preview looks similar to the joggled extrusion that is shown in Figure
1.9, select the OK button to complete the operation. The Joggled
Extrusion will be made into a solid.


Now that you have created a solid Joggled Extrusion, you are ready to go on to the
next step: creating a table of different types of extrusions.













Figure 1.8
Extrusion Profile Sketch
Joggle Profile Sketch
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1.14 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook



9. Creating an Extrusion Table

Figure 1.10 is an Excel (Spreadsheet) that contains the dimensions to four different
types of aluminum extrusions. The extrusions and their dimensions were taken from
the Tierany Metals Catalog. You might recognize the extrusion on row 5; it is the
one you created in the previous steps. If you wanted to create the extrusion in row 2
you would have to start from step one again or you could go back to the Extrusion
Profile sketch and revise the constraints. Obviously revising the constraints would be
the quickest and easiest method to creating the new extrusion. CATIA V5
Knowledgeware tools can make this process even quicker and easier. This is
accomplished by linking the Excel File to the CATPart.
Figure 1.9
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You can use an existing spreadsheet if it is available. If it is not available, you will
have to create your own. The spreadsheet does not have to be an Excel program; any
spreadsheet program will work. Each column requires a header. The header will be
used as a variable link later in the lesson. Notice the column headers used in Figure
1.10 match the constraint names used in the previous steps to create the Extrusion
Profile sketch. This is not absolutely necessary, but it does make the linking process
much more intuitive.

To complete this step, go into the spreadsheet program of your choice and enter the
information in as shown in Figure 1.10. Save the file; preferably in the same
directory that your CATPart file exists. Remember the file name and where it exists
as you will need that information in the following step.


10. Importing the Extrusion Table

CATIA V5 allows you to create a design table inside CATIA V5 or import an
existing design table. This step will show you how to import the design table created
in Step 9. As you go through the process of importing a design table, you will be
able to observe how CATIA V5 allows you the opportunity to create and modify a
design table inside of CATIA V5. To import a design table, complete the following
steps.

10.1 In the Part Design work bench, double click on the Design
Table tool. The Design Table tool is located in the
Standard tool bar at the bottom of the CATIA V5 screen.
The Design Table tool icon is shown in Figure 1.11. This
will bring up the Creation of a Design Table window as
shown in Figure 1.12.

10.2 Name the design table Extrusion Table using the Name box as shown in
Figure 1.12.

Figure 1.11
Figure 1.10
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Figure 1.12


10.3 The Comment box will automatically place the date of creation. You can
modify this box to any text that might help. This is just a comment box and
will not have any effect on the following steps.

10.4 Select Create a design table from a pre-existing file. Although you will
not use the other choice in this lesson it is important that you know that the
other choice is available. The other choice is Create a design table with
current parameter values. This choice allows you to create a design table
inside CATIA V5.
10.5 Select the OK button. This will bring up browser window labeled File
Selection. This is the standard Windows file browser. Reference Figure
1.13.

10.6 Select the directory and the file that you want to import. For this step, you
will want to select the Extrusion Table created in Step 9, as shown in
Figure 1.13.

10.7 Select the Open button. This will bring up an Automatic Associations?
window as shown in Figure 1.13. The prompt window asks if you want to
automatically associate the parameters.

10.8 Select Yes. This will bring up the Extrusion Table Active window as
shown in Figure 1.14. Note that Figure 1.14 is shown with the
Associations tab selected, not the Configurations tab. If there are no
associations listed in the Configurations box, CATIA V5 was not able to
automatically associate any of the Constraint Parameters or Extrusion
Table Column Headings.

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Figure 1.13
























10.9 When CATIA V5 is not able to automatically associate the two together,
you will have to manually associate them. To do this, select the
Associations tab in the Extrusion Table Active window as shown in
Figure 1.14.

10.10 The Parameters box lists all the parameters CATIA V5 created in the
Extrusion Profile sketch. A CATIA V5 sketch contains a lot of
parameters that the users are not usually aware of. What makes it more
difficult, is the CATIA V5 naming convention. It is difficult to identify a
CATIA V5 parameter listed in this box to an actual parameter in the
Extrusion Profile sketch. This is where renaming the constraints in the
previous steps will prove to be beneficial. You should be able to scroll
through the Parameters box and identify the constraints you renamed.
All the parameters are represented on two separate lines. For this lesson
you will use the line that ends with a type of measurement such as Radius,
Offset or Length. You will not use the line ending in Activity. For this
step, scroll through the Parameters list; verify the constraints you
renamed in Step 4 are listed.




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10.11 Select A from the Columns box.

10.12 From the Parameters box, find and select the line PartBody\Extrusion
Profile\A\Length.

10.13 Select the Associate button. Your two selections from the Parameters
and Columns boxes will show up in the Associations between
parameters and columns box. This means that they were successfully
associated.

10.14 Continue this process until all the variables in the Columns box, except
for Extrusion Number, is matched up to the appropriate parameter. (R,
R1, etc. will of course be a Radius rather than a Length).
Figure 1.14

Box as it appears
after selecting all
parameters.
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Figure 1.15
10.15 Now you can take care of the Extrusion Number column heading. The
Extrusion Profile sketch has no associative value to the Extrusion
Number that was created in the Extrusion Table. You can assign it one
by selecting the Extrusion Number in the Columns box.

10.16 Select the Create Parameters button. This will bring up the OK
Creates Parameters for Selected Lines window as shown in Figure 1.15.


10.17 Make sure Extrusion Number is selected/highlighted.

10.18 Select the OK button. This will create an association of a string type to
the Extrusion Number heading. The association will be displayed in the
Extrusion Table Active window under the Associations tab along with
all the other associations you created in this step. What this really does for
you is allows the Specification Tree to show the Extrusion Number.
Figure 1.16, under the Parameters branch, displays Extrusion Number
=60-10677. The string of numbers 60-10677 is linked from the specific
row in the Extrusion Table. If you select another row (extrusion) from
the Extrusion Table the Specification Tree will reflect the change just as
the solid does.

NOTE: In order for the parameters to show up in the Specification Tree you must
have the Options set correctly. Step 13 will show you how to set the
correct options.

10.19 Select the Configurations tab in the Extrusion Table Active window. If
you correctly associated the Parameters and Columns, it should look
similar to the table shown in Figure 1.16. If your window looks similar to
the one shown in Figure 1.16, select the OK button to complete the
association process.

10.20 Doing this will make the window disappear and Extrusion Table.1 shows
up on your Relations branch of the Specification Tree. You may wonder
what else is different. What did you just accomplish? Step 11 will show
you the advantages of what you just accomplished.
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1.20 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

11. Applying the Extrusion Table to the Joggled Extrusion

The purpose for linking a design table to the CATPart file is to update the part
without having to redraw and/or revise the constraints manually. (Keep in mind that
if you move your saved table, it will break the link and you will need to re-link it.)
To test this, complete the following steps.

11.1 Double click on Extrusion Table in the Specification Tree. This will
bring up the Extrusion Table Active window as shown in Figure 1.16.
The data in row 1 is currently the active row. There are several methods to
tell which row of data is active.

Figure 1.16
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Figure 1.17
11.1.1 The window label contains the information: Extrusion Table
active, configuration row: 1.

11.1.2 Row 1 has brackets around it [<1>]. The inactive lines do not
have the brackets around it.

11.1.3 One other method is to check the data against actual extrusion
dimensions. Figure 1.16 and the entire product in the previous
steps represent the data that is contained in row 1.

11.2 To make row 4 (Extrusion Number 60-13028) active, select the row. The
existing extrusion will turn red signifying it needs to be updated.

11.3 Select the OK button. This will update your active extrusion to the data
contained in row 4. Figure 1.17 shows the row 4 extrusion. Compare the
differences between the extrusion represented in Figure 1.16 and 1.17.
Verify the extrusions with the dimensions in the Extrusion Table (design
table).

NOTE: If your extrusion does not automatically update you will have to select the
Update button in the Standard tool bar section to force the solid to update.
If you want CATIA V5 to automatically update select Tools, Options,
Infrastructure branch, Part Infrastructure branch, General tab, Update
section and select the Automatic button.

Once you link your Extrusion Table to your CATPart, updating is quite simple.
Click on the Extrusion Table in the Specification Tree to bring up the design table.
Select the row of data you want to apply to the CATPart and select OK. Be sure to
select row 1 (Extrusion Number 60-10677) again before moving on to the next step.








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12. Editing the Extrusion Table

You now have the Extrusion Table linked to the Joggled Extrusion CATPart. As
the previous step demonstrated, creating new extrusions are only a few clicks away.
Editing the Extrusion Table (design table) is just as easy. Modifying the Extrusion
Table can be done in CATIA V5 or outside of CATIA V5. To modify the
Extrusion Table inside of CATIA V5, complete the following steps.

12.1 Double click on the Extrusion Table in the Specification Tree.

12.2 This brings up the Extrusion Table Active window. Click on the Edit
Table button at the bottom left of the window.

12.3 This brings up the original spreadsheet that the Extrusion Table was
created in. Modify the number 2 in row 2 (Extrusion Number 60-10677)
and column C (header B (in)) to a 4.

12.4 Save and exit the revised spread sheet program. CATIA V5 will notify you
that the Extrusion Table has been revised. Select Close to update the link.

12.5 The part will turn red because it is the active row. Select OK to update the
Joggled Extrusion CATPart.

Your part is now updated to the information edited into the spreadsheet without
leaving CATIA V5. You can use this method to add rows of new information, in
this case additional extrusion types. You can also delete rows of information. The
second method of revising the spreadsheet is editing the spreadsheet outside of
CATIA V5. CATIA V5 will still give you a warning and a chance to accept or reject
the revised spreadsheet.

NOTE: 2 is correct for the 60-10677 Extrusion Number, so be sure to change it
back.


13. Displaying the Extrusion Type in the Specification Tree

Figure 1.18 shows the Specification Tree without the value displayed, and Figure
1.19 shows the Specification Tree after the following process to display the value.
Select Tools, Options, Parameters and Measure under the General branch,
Knowledge tab, Parameters Tree View section; check the With Value box.








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14. Modifying the Existing Joggle Profile Sketch

The previous steps showed you how to create, select and automate the creation of
different types of extrusions. This was accomplished using a spreadsheet and the
Extrusion Profile sketch. The following step will show you how to apply joggle
information to the selected extrusion. This step uses/modifies the Joggle Profile
sketch. If joggle information was standardized, you could create a spreadsheet with
the required information and apply it to the Joggle Profile sketch as you did to the
Extrusion Profile sketch. Joggle information is not standard; it is as varied as the
parts and assemblies they are applied to. With the help of Knowledgeware this
process can still be automated by getting information directly from the user in the
place of the spreadsheet.

For this step, revise all the constraints in the Joggle Profile sketch to match the
constraints shown in Figure 1.16.

Figure 1.18
Figure 1.19
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Figure 1.20
The following steps will show you how this is accomplished. This step will start out
real basic so you can better appreciate the power of CATIA V5s Knowledgeware.
The Joggle Profile sketch controls the joggle of the extrusion. If you want to
change the joggle depth, you could go into the Joggle Profile sketch and revise the
constraint that controls the depth. Figure 1.7 shows that value of Depth is currently
.75. Entering the Joggle Profile sketch and modifying all the constraints for every
individual part becomes very repetitious and time consuming. The following steps
will show you how Knowledgeware can help you automate this process.


15. Automating the Modification Using a Marco

This step is similar to what was explained in Step 12. You go through the same
steps except that you turn on the Macro Recorder to record everything you do. To
accomplish this, complete the following steps.

15.1 Enter the Joggle Profile sketch, as shown in Figure 1.7. The first thing you
need to remember is to record only what is necessary, other wise you get a
lot of information that only complicates the process.

15.2 Select Tools, Macro, Start Recording. This will bring up the Record
Macro window as shown in Figure 1.20.














15.3 The Current Macro Library Or Document: should default to your
CATPart at its designated saved location. Select CATScript for the
Language Used: box.

15.4 Name the macro JoggleDimensions.CATScript. CATIA V5 will
default the name to Macro1.catvbs unless you specify a name. You must
also add the .CATScript extension. Adding the extension allows CATIA
V5 to save the macro externally not only as a macro but also a CATScript.



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Figure 1.21













15.5 Before you start recording, make sure you know from start to finish what
you are going to record. In this step you are going to modify all of the
constraints in the Joggle Profile sketch to match the constraints shown in
Figure 1.21. Select the Start button to start recording. Notice when you
start recording, CATIA V5 creates a Stop Recording tool bar with a Stop
Macro Recording tool on it.

15.6 Revise the constraints to match the constraints shown in Figure 1.21 in the
following order: .75 to 1.0 (Depth), 5 to 3.74 (Transition), and 4 to 2.5
(Dist. To Endp.).

15.7 Stop the recording. You can stop the recording by selecting the Stop
Macro Recording tool in the Stop Recording window explained in Step
15.4. Another method is to select Tools, Macro, Stop Recording.

15.8 Now go back to the Joggle
Profile sketch and change the constraints to the previous values; the values
shown in Figure 1.7.

15.9 Exit the Sketcher work bench.

15.10 Select Tools, Macro, Macros. This will bring up the Macros window as
shown in Figure 1.22. Select the JoggleDimensions.CATScript macro.











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15.11 Select the Run button. This will run the JoggleDimensions.CATScript
macro. Notice your Joggled Extrusion.CATPart will turn red and then
update to the joggled dimensions you created in the macro.

15.12 The previous step demonstrates the result of the macro/script you just
created. As you recorded the macro, CATIA V5 translated the action into
the VBScript Language. CATIA V5 allows you to view and edit the
scripted language. To view the VBScript Language you just created,
select Tools, Macro, Macros, and then select the
JoggleDimensions.CATScript file in the Macros window.

15.13 Select the Edit button. This will bring up the Macros Editor window
shown in Figure 1.23.

The macro function is a powerful tool when it comes to accomplishing a process that
is repeated over and over. The real power of the macro or CATScript you just
created will be shown to you in the next step.












Figure 1.22
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Figure 1.23
Second constraint that
was revised
(Transition) from 5.0
to 3.74.
First constraint that
was revised (Depth)
from .75 to 1.0
Third constraint that
was revised (Dist. To
Endp.) from 4.0 to 2.5.




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1.28 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Figure 1.24
Add these three lines to
prompt the user for
input for Depth,
Transition, and Dist.
To Endp.
Replace the value of
Length1 with
Depth*(25.4) variable.
Replace the value of
Length2 with
Transition*(25.4)
variable.
Replace the value of
Length3 with
JoggleLocation*(25.4)
variable.
16. Customizing the Macro Using VBScript

CATIA V5 Knowledgeware allows you to customize the CATScript using
VBScript Language. This customization makes the Macro and Scripting
capabilities of CATIA V5 Knowledgeware almost limitless. You dont have to be a
VBScript guru to take advantage of this tool, but obviously the more you know
about it the more powerful a tool it becomes. This step will show you how to add
the constraint variables you created in the Joggle Profile sketch in the previous
steps. To accomplish this complete the following steps.





































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16.1 The macro you created in Step 15 assigned the constant value of 25.400000
to the first constraint you modified when recording the macro. The macro
recorded the value as length1.Value. You will need to find the line where
length1.Value is assigned the length. Figure 1.24 points out the
approximate location of this line.

16.2 Insert the three lines indicated in Figure 1.24 above the line with the value
as length1.Value. The purpose of doing this is to create prompt windows
for the variables you are about to assign in place of the constant values that
are assigned manually. Just adding variables would do you no good; you
need some method of entering a value for the variables that you will create.
The prompt window will allow the user to enter a value for the variable.
(Make sure you type in the syntax exactly as it is shown.)

NOTE: It is obvious that each line represents a specific constraint variable. Depth
is the variable. InputBox is VBScript syntax that creates a prompt
window. Enter the Depth Distance is the text that will show up in the
prompt window header. Depth at the end of the syntax creates a value
input box.

16.3 Now back to the line that has the value as length1.Value. The macro
converted the constant value to metric (mm). You will want to keep the
units in inches so multiply the Depth value by 25.4. The variable name
used for the first constraint is Depth*(25.4). This will convert the value
back to inches. Reference Figure 1.24. Your modified line should look
like similar to the line that is referenced.

16.4 Find the line that assigns length2.Value, the value you changed the
constraint to in Step 15. Change the value to the variable constraint named
Transition*(25.4). This variable needs to be converted back to inches as
the one in Step 16.3 did. Reference Figure 1.24 to find the approximate
location of the linen and for the way the revised line should look.

16.5 Find the line that assigns length3.Value, the value you changed the
constraint to in Step 15. Change the value to the variable constraint named
DistToEndp*(25.4). This variable also needs to be converted back to
inches in the same method used in Steps 16.3 and 16.4. Reference Figure
1.24 to find the approximate location of the line and for the way the revised
line should look.

16.6 Save the changes and then close the Macros Editor window. The Macros
window will still be available - dont close it.




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1.30 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

It is important that you understand the relationship between the constraint that you
renamed in Step 5 and the variable name that you are editing into the VBScript file.
If you get them mixed up you could be changing things in ways you didnt expect.
You must be sure and follow the VBScript syntax or it will not work. When editing
the lines, make sure they match the lines pointed out in Figure 1.24 exactly.
Reference the CATIA V5 online help and/or a VBScript manual for more in-depth
information on VBScript syntax.


17. Testing the Customized Macro

This step will take you through the process of updating your Joggled Extrusion by
running the macro. This will be a good test to see if you have entered all the syntax
as required.

17.1 The Macros window should still be on the screen. Select the Run button.

17.2 This should bring up the first of the three prompt windows that were
created previously (Depth). Reference Figure 1.25. Type in the original
value assigned in Step 5 (.75), then select OK.

17.3 This will take you to the next prompt window (Transition). Again type in
the original value (5) and then select OK.

17.4 The last prompt window created (Dist. To Endp.) will appear. Type in the
original value (4) and select OK.

17.5 If the syntax was set up correctly, your extrusion should update
automatically or turn red to indicate updating is needed. Your extrusion
should be back to its original configuration.

















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Figure 1.25































18. Creating a Tool Icon for the Macro

The macro (JoggleDimensions.CATScript) created and modified in the previous
steps is a very powerful tool. CATIA V5 has developed another powerful tool that
will save you additional time. This tool allows you to customize your CATIA V5
work environment by creating your own tool icons. Every time you wanted to run
the JoggleDimensions.CATScript macro you could go through the same process of
selecting Tools, Macro, Macros, select the macro, select Run, and finally be ready
to run the macro; or, you could assign the macro a tool icon and just select the tool
icon. Creating a tool icon for the macro would save five steps every time. The
following steps show you how to assign a tool icon to the macro.



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1.32 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Figure 1.26
18.1 Select Tools and then select the Customize option

18.2 This will bring up the Customize window as shown in Figure 1.26.






























18.3 Select the Commands tab in the Customize window.

18.4 Select Macros from the Categories box. This will bring up all the macros
that were created and saved with the *.CATScript extension.

18.5 Select the JoggleDimensions.CATScript located in the Commands box.

18.6 With the JoggleDimensions.CATScript file highlighted, drag it to the
Tools tool bar. Drop the JoggleDimensions.CATScript on the tool bar as
shown in Figure 1.26.

18.7 Close the Customize window and click on the newly created tool icon.
This will start the JoggleDimensions.CATScript macro.

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Figure 1.27
As you can see on the Customization window, CATIA V5 allows you many
different ways to customize your CATIA V5 work environment. This step has
shown you only one. Finding and using the tool from the tool bar is easier than
going into the Macro option and searching for the macro.


19. Applying Correct Processes and Standards Using
the Check Tool

Currently the JoggleDimensions.CATScript macro will accept the value of 1 for
the Transition dimension and 5 for the Depth dimension. Any experienced joggle
operator would tell you that is not a reasonable ratio for an aluminum extrusion. A
safe standard for aluminum extrusions is about 4 (run or Transition) to 1 (rise or
Depth). This is a basic standard, but not every one is aware of it. It is very possible
that the engineer/planner creating the drawing is not aware of the standard, thus
could violate the standard. The engineer/planner could spend time planning and
drawing the Joggled Extrusion. The part could use up time and resources being
prepped for the joggle operation. Only after the extrusion gets to the joggle process
would it be discovered that the joggle dimensions are not within company and/or
industry standards. All of the time, material and resources have gone to waste. All
of this could have been avoided if the engineer/planner was aware of the standard.
One sure way to safeguard yourself and/or company from such mistakes is by
incorporating the standard into the intelligence of the part. CATIA V5 offers you
the tools to capture the knowledge and/or standard and apply it to your CATParts.
The following step explains how to incorporate the JoggleRatio standard to your
Joggled Extrusion.CATPart.

19.1 Double click on the Relations branch of the Specification Tree. This will
bring up the Knowledge Advisor work bench.

19.2 Select the Check tool.
This will bring up the
Check Editor window
as shown in Figure 1.27.

19.3 Label the check
JoggleRatio.

19.4 Select OK. This will
bring up the Check
Editor : JoggleRatio
Active window as
shown in Figure 1.28.



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1.34 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Figure 1.28


19.5 Select Warning as the Type of Check.

19.6 In the Message box, type The Depth Ratio must be less than 1 to 4!

19.7 Under Dictionary, select Parameters.

19.8 In the Members of Parameters box, select Length.

19.9 In the Members of Length box, double click on the PartBody Joggle
Profile\Transition\Offset parameter. This will copy it to the input box
above it.

19.10 Type in the symbol for divide ( / ) after the inserted line. Reference Figure
1.28.


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Figure 1.29






















19.11 In the Members of Length box, double click the PartBody\Joggle
Profile\Depth\Offset parameter. This will copy it to the end of the line
you have been creating in the input box above it.

19.12 Type in >=4 following the \Depth\Offset parameter. Steps 19.9
through this step created a formula that tests the values the user enters
when running the JoggleDimensions.CATScript macro. The formula
needs to be the exact format as seen in Figure 1.28. If the Transition
value divided by the Depth value is >= 4, everything is ok. If the value is
not >=4, then a Warning window will appear on screen stating the
message you created in Step 19.6, The Depth Ratio must be less then
1 to 4!

19.13 Select the OK button. Notice that CATIA V5 adds a Check branch
labeled JoggleRatio on the Specification Tree under the Relations
branch. When the conditions of the check are met, the JoggleRatio
branch will show a Green light. When the conditions are not met, the
JoggleRatio branch will show a Red light.

19.14 If the values you enter for the JoggleDimensions.CATScript macro are
not >=4, the JoggleRatio warning window will appear as shown in Figure
1.29. In this particular Check the Joggled Extrusion will still be updated
even though it did not pass the check. The Type Of Check was a
Warning. CATIA V5 let you know that it did not pass the check.

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1.36 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Even though this is a simplified application of the CATIA V5 Check tool, it is very
useful. It also gives you a glimpse of how powerful this tool can be. This step
should give you enough information to start building on more complex checks.


20. Practical Application
Creating an Up-to-Date Production Drawing Automatically

So far this lesson has shown you some powerful Knowledgeware tools. This is the
step that brings it all together. The objective from the beginning was to develop an
automated process of creating Detailed Production Drawings. To accomplish this,
complete the following steps.

NOTE: This lesson assumes that you know how to use the CATIA V5 Drafting
work bench.

20.1 Using the Drafting work bench, create a basic Production Drawing of the
Joggled Extrusion. Use the Orthographic views and one Isometric view
as shown in Figure 1.30.

20.2 Dimension the characteristics of the Joggled Extrusion. The
characteristics of the joggle are:

20.2.1 End of part to start of joggle.

20.2.2 Joggle transition.

20.2.3 Joggle depth.

There is no need to dimension the characteristics of the extrusion because the
Tierany Metals Catalog contains all of the extrusion dimensions. The Joggle
Operator determines the joggle characteristics, not the extrusion characteristics. The
production drawing only need contain the information that is pertinent to the process
it is designed for. The dimensions required are shown in Figure 1.30.

20.3 Add a title block and production notes as required, similar to what is shown
in Figure 1.30.

20.4 Save the Production Drawing as Joggled Extrusion.CATDrawing.

20.5 Print and/or plot as required.

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Figure 1.30
20.6 Run the JoggleDimensions.CATScript. Change the joggle dimensions as
shown:

20.6.1 Depth = .40

20.6.2 Transition = 3

20.6.3 Dist. To Endp. = 2

20.7 Bring up the Joggled Extrusion.CATDrawing. Update the drawing using
the Update tool. Notice the view and dimensions automatically update to
the newly selected extrusion and joggle dimensions.

This is where CATIA V5 Knowledgeware really saves time. The user can continue
to automatically create production drawings for unique Joggled Extrusion Parts.







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1.38 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Lesson 1 Summary

The Knowledgeware product is made up of the following work benches: Knowledge
Advisor, Knowledge Expert, Product Engineering Optimizer, Product Knowledge
Template, Product Function Optimization and Product Functional Definition. This
lesson used a small portion of the tools contained in each individual work bench. Even
though only a few tools were used, a great deal of time was saved. The remaining tools
offer similar opportunities for significant time saving. This lesson has supplied you with
enough information to get you started. Your challenge is to find ways to implement them
into your business and processes.
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Lesson 1 Review

After completing this lesson, you should be able to answer the questions and explain the
concepts listed below.


1. The name of a constraint can be changed by double clicking on:

A. The constraint symbol in the Specification Tree.
B. The geometry being constrained.
C. The actual constraint in the sketch.
D. Both A and C.


2. Where do you turn on the Parameters and Relations so that they appear in
the Specification Tree?

A. Tools, Options, General, Parameters and Measures.
B. Start, Infrastructure, Product Structure.
C. Tools, Customize, Knowledge Advisor.
D. Tools, Options, Display, Tree Appearance.


3. How can associations be created between the column headings in an Excel
table, and CATIA parameters?

A. By giving the column headings the same name as CATIA gives to the
desired parameter and allowing CATIA to automatically associate the two.
B. By going into the Associations tab of the Extrusion Table and clicking
on the Create Parameters button.
C. Manually select the column heading under the Associations tab then also
highlighting the desired parameter in the Parameters box and click the
Associate button.
D. Both A and B.
E. Both B and C.
F. You cant; it is impossible unless you are a computer genius.


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1.40 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

4. How do you access an Extrusion Table that you have created in CATIA so
that you can change the configuration row?

A. Click on the Extrusion Table icon in the bottom tool bar of any work
bench.
B. Go into Knowledge Advisor and click on the Extrusion Table icon in the
bottom tool bar.
C. Double click on the Extrusion Table symbol in the Specification Tree
which will take you directly into the table regardless of which work bench
you are currently in.
D. Double click on the Extrusion Table symbol in the Specification Tree
which will first take you into the Knowledge Advisor work bench, if you
are not already there, then you must double click again on the symbol to
open the table.
E. Press Ctrl + T.


5. How do you edit an existing Extrusion Table to give it different values or
add new configuration rows?

A. Open the spreadsheet outside of CATIA and make the changes, then save
them and close the file. When you open the table in CATIA, it will be
automatically updated for you.
B. Make the changes directly to the Extrusion Table by highlighting the
rows to be changed and clicking the Edit button.
C. Open the design table and click the Edit table button and then make the
changes to the spreadsheet that comes up then save the changes and close
the spreadsheet.
D. Both A and C.
E. Both B and C.


6. What must be added to a macro name in order to access it externally or link it
to an icon?

A. .CATPart
B. .CATDrawing
C. .CATKnowledge
D. .CATScript
E. .VBScript
F. .com


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7. (True/False) An icon can be added to a tool bar that can be used to activate a
macro that is stored either within the CATPart file or in an external file, as
long as it has the proper extension.

A. True
B. False


8. Which work bench contains a tool that allows you to create a Check that will
monitor the parameter relations in the CATPart?

A. Product Engineering Optimizer
B. Generative Shape Design
C. Generative Knowledge
D. Assembly Design
E. Knowledge Advisor


9. Once a check has been created, CATIA indicates whether the part passes the
check by:

A. Turning the part red or grey.
B. Bringing up the information or warning box that you programmed into the
check.
C. Making the part disappear.
D. Not allowing you to make changes that do not pass the check.
E. Highlighting a red or green light next to the check in the specification tree.
F. Both A and B.
G. Both B and E.


10. (True/False) Each time you use the Knowledgeware functions to make
changes to a CATPart, you must create a new CATDrawing if you want to
show the dimension changes in a new production drawing.

A. True
B. False



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1.42 Advanced CATIA V5 Workbook

Lesson 1 Practice Exercises

Complete the following practice exercises using the information and experienced gained
by completing this lesson.


1. Create a new spreadsheet using the same format used in this lesson. Link the
spread sheet with the CATPart document. Update the drawing documents
with each new extrusion defined in the new spreadsheet. Save the
CATDrawing documents as Lesson1 Exercise1 Part1.CATDrawing,
Part 2.CATDrawing and so on.

2. Modify the JoggleRatio Check to 1 to 3. Save the document as Lesson1
Exercise2 .CATDrawing.

3. Modify the Joggle Depth window prompt so it displays a warning about
entering a number that violates the depth ratio 1/3 used in Exercise 2. Save
the document as Lesson 1 Exercise 3.

4. Modify the existing L Extrusion to a T Extrusion. Modify the sketches,
spreadsheet and other parameters as required. Save all related documents.


CHNG I : DAN NHAP
I / LYDO CHON ETAI :
Ngay nay corat nhi eu phan mem hotrcho cong vi ec cua ngi kys thi et ke. Gi up cho cong
vi ec cua ngi thi et ketrnen thuan l i vati et ki em c rat nhi eu thi gi an . Trong cac cong oan
cua quatrnh san xuat c kh th sti en ch cua cac phan mem hotrthc scovai troong gop het
sc to l n. Tvi ec l en ban vethi et kechi ti et may en vi ec mophong l ap ghep vaki em tra oben
cua cac chi ti et may trc khi a vao san xuat thc te. Do o, cac phan mem hotrati et ki em rat
nhi eu thi gi an vaki nh tetrong san xuat, han chevatranh nhng sai sot gap phai trong quatrnh san
xuat thc te. Phan mem : Cati a thi et kevamophong cac c cau may l amot trong nhng pham
mem hotrcho nhng ngi ang hoc tap cung nh l am vi ec trong l nh vc thi et kechi ti et vac cau
may. Vahien tai phan mem nay l amot trong nhng phan mem mi cha c ng dung phobi en.
V vay nhom chung toi achon vi ec nghi en cu ng dung phan mem Cati a l am etai tot
nghi ep. Chung toi athc hi en vi ec nghi en cu vabi en soan phan l ythuyet hng dan ddung phan
mem Cati a trong thi et kevamophong cac c cau may.
Phan mem nay segi up cho nhng ngi hoc tap val am vi ec trong l nh vc thi et kec kh co
them cong cuegi ai quyet vi ec thi et kechi ti et may, gop phan gi am bt thi gi an cho cong vi ec
nay.
I I / GI I HAN ETAI :
Do i eu ki en vathi gi an han hep cung nh trnh ochuyen mon, ngoai ngvaki nh nghi em
con han chenen ngi thc hi en etai chtap trung nghi en cu mot sonoi dung sau:
_ Tm hi eu vanghi en cu cach sdung phan mem Cati a.
_ Bi en soan noi dung l ythuyet hng dan sdung phan mem.
* oi tng nghi en cu: cong dung vachc nang cua phan mem Cati a trong thi et kec
kh.
* oi tng sdung: dung cho tat canhng hoc si nh, si nh vi en hoc nghanh kythuat va
nhng ngi l am vi ec trong nghanh kythuat noi ri eng vacho nhng ai quan tam muon tm toi hoc
hoi noi chung.
I I I / PHAN T CH TAI LI EU LI EN HE:
_ Phan Hel p cua phan mem Cati a.
_ Mechani cal Desktop TS Nguyen Hu Loc NXB TPHCM.
I V / NOI DUNG VAKEHOACH CONG VI EC :
1/ ecng chi ti et :
LI NOI AU
CHNG I : DAN NHAP
CHNG I I : TONG QUAN VEPHAN MEM CATI A
CHNG I I I : VEPHAC THAO
CHNG I V : VETHI ET KE2D
CHNG V: THI ET KECHI TI ET
CHNG VI : LAP RAP CHI TI ET
CHNG VI I : TAO BAN VE2D TBAN VE3D
CHNG VI I I : PHAN T CH KET CAU
CHNG XI : MOPHONG ONG HOC
CHNG X : KET LUAN VAENGH
2/ Kehoach thi gi an :
- Nhan etai : 10\05\2005
- Hoan thanh etai : 25\06\2006
Cuthe:
Tuan Noi dung cong
vi ec 1 2 3 4 5 6
1. Nhan etai va
tm hi eu etai
X
2. Thu thap tai
l i eu col i en quan
X X
3. Nghi en cu
phan mem
X X X X X X
4. Bi en soan noi
dung l ythuyet
hng dan s
dung phan mem
X X X X X
5. Hoan chnh X X
Ch - ng i i : t ng q uan v ph n mm c at i a
i / g i i t h i u v ph n mm c a t i a :
1/ H- ng dn ci t phn mm catia:
1.1/ Cu hnh i hi ca m y tnh :
_ Phn cng m y tnh ca b n phi chp nhn - c c c i hi sau y:
Di sk dri ve : 1 Di sk dri ve b n trong hay b n ngoa( dung l - ng ti thi u theo y u cu l 4GB )
u c i hi l - u tr ch- ng trnh thc hi n, ch- ng trnh d l i u, mi tr- ng s dng v khng gi an
trng. Ci t tt c c c sn phm ca phi n bn CATI A 5 i hi 2.0 GB tr n Wi ndows v ci t tt c
c c sn phm ca ENOVI A DMU i hi 700 MB tr n Wi ndows.
B nh ( Memory ) : RAM 256 l dung l - ng ti thi u chp nhn - c ca b nh dnh cho tt c
c c ng dng. RAM 512 l chp nhn - c cho ng dng ca DMU tr n mt b phn l n. i hi c l
s cao hn khi s l - ng d l i u l n.
_ Vphn mm phi n bn CATI A 5 ch y - c tr n :
Wi ndows 2000
Wi ndows XP
1.2/ Ci t phn mm:
1.2.1 / Ci t ch- ng trnh ph
_ Ci t ny gi ng nh- ci t ch- ng trnh bnh th- ng v i mt vi s kh c bi t nh. Tr- c ti n,
b a vo CD_ROM v ci t gi ng nh- c c ki u ci t bnh th- ng.Khi c dng nhc thb n nhp
vo nhng s- cho php ( nu c ) cho ch- ng trnh ph.Ti p tc ci t n khi hp tho i danh s ch v
hnh d ng v sn phm m b n sn sng ci t trong th- mc ci t hi n hnh.
_ Click Next . Hp tho i Setup Type xut hi n
_ Cl i ck compl ete ci t tt c nhng phn mm.
_ Hay cl i ck custom thay thdanh s ch hnh thhay sn phm m b n mun ci t, cl i ck Next.
Danh s ch c c hnh thhay sn phm ph m b n ch- a ci t xut hi n.
_ Chn hnh thhay sn phm ph m b n mun ci t v cl i ck Next.
_ Nu hnh thhay sn phm ph m b n mun ci t ,hay ci t ri bao gm c sn phm ph.
Hp tho i ci t sn phm ph xut hi n .
_ B n c thchn hay khng chn sn phm ph ci t.
_ Chn sn phm ph v cl i ck Next hon thnh ci t.
2. Cu tr c ca mt sn phm :
_Mt san phm cng nghip (Product) thuong duoc cu tao tu nhiu cum chi tit khc nhau, v
trong mi cum chi tit (component) lai chua nhiu chi tit (Part) khc nhau. V du mt chic t c
chua nhiu cum chi tit nhu sn xe, cc cnh cua, h thng bnh xe, my mc vv Trong cum chi tit
h thng bnh xe th mi bnh xe l mt chi tit, v trong mi bnh xe lai c chua nhiu chi tit con
khc. Phn mm CATIA Version 5 cung cp cho nguoi dng Product Structure Workbench d quan
l san phm cua mnh theo h thng cc cum chi tit v cc chi tit nhu trn
Trong Product Structure Workbench c chua cc Product v cc Part khc nhau tuong ung voi cc
Workbench khc nhau. D kch hoat mt Workbench trong Product Structure ta double click vo
Workbench cn kch hoat.
V du ta dang o Product Structure Workbench, mun kch hoat Part Design Workbench ta double
click vo biu tuong Part Design Workbench o trn Specification Tree.
Khi mt Workbench no d duoc kch hoat th icon cua n s chuyn thnh mu xanh trn
Specification Tree.
i i / h - ng d n s d n g v g i i t h i u c h c n n g c a c c
t h a n h c n g c v c c bi u t - n g :
1/ T o, m v l- u tr 1 d liu ( Creati ng, Openi ng, And Savi ng Documents )
1.1/ T o 1 file m i
D tao mt file moi trong CATIA ta c hai cch :
Click vo biu tuong trn thanh cng cu. Hoc chon trn menu: File > New
Sau khi thuc hin lnh trn, chuong trnh hin ln hp thoai New. Trong hp thoai New ta chon dang
file cn tao.
Trn Desktop cua Windows explorer click chut phai ln mn hnh v chon new tu Contextual
menu (menu Ngu canh). Trong menu new chon dang file cn tao.
1.2/ M 1 file d liu
D mo mt file c sn ta c th dng cc cch sau:
_ Click vo biu tuong hoc chon trn menu: File -> Open.
Sau d chon duong dn dn file cn mo.
_ Trn Windows Explorer ta Double-click vo file cn mo.
_ Ko v tha file: Khi chuong trnh CATIA dang chay, ta c th ko v tha mt file c sn ln chuong
trnh.
_ CATIA cho php su dung cc chu ci (chu in v chu thuong) tu a-z. Cc s tu 0-9, v cc mt s k tu
dc bit d dt tn cho file.
_ Mt s k tu nhu < > , . / ? : ; khng duoc php dng d dt tn file.
_ Tao mt file moi tu mt file c sn
(Tao file moi tu file Newfrom.CATPart).
Trn menu chon:
-File-> New from
Trong hp thoai File Selection chon duong dn v file cn chon.
Khi tao file moi tu file c sn th file moi s chua ton b cc du liu cua file cu.
1.3/ L- - tr file
D luu mt file ta c th c cc lua chon sau:
_ Luu File hin hnh, Click vo biu tuong hoc trn menu chon:File->Save.
_ Luu File hin hnh duoi mt dinh dang khc:File->Save As...
Hp thoai Save as hin ra, trong hp thoai ta c th dt tn v dang file cho san phm.
_ Luu tt ca cc file chua trong Product:File->Save All.
Trong mt file Product c th chua nhiu Product khc v cc Part khc nhau. Lnh Save All cho
php ta luu tt ca cc Product v cc Part c trong file hin hnh.
_ Quan l qu trnh luu File:File->Save management.
Trong hp thoai Save managament ta c th Save , Save as.
Click vo Propagate directory d save tt ca cc file trong san phm vo cng mt thu muc.
Click vo Reset d tro v trang thi truoc khi Save as.
2/ Xem cy th- mc v v ng v hnh hc ( Vi ewi ng The Speci cati on Tree And
Geomettry Area )
_ Specification Tree
D thun tin cho qu trnh thao tc v quan l cc san phm trong ban v, CATIA cung cp cho
nguoi thit k Specification Tree. Specification Tree luu giu tt ca cc san phm cung nhu cc lnh m
nguoi thit k dng d tao nn san phm cua mnh, ta c th quan st thy Specification Tree o pha
trn bn tri cua mn hnh.
D tt hoc bt Specification Tree ta vo: View-> Specifications (Hoc n F3).
_ Full Screen
+ Bt ch d Full Screen:View->Full Screen.
+ Thot khoi Full Screen: Right Click ln mn hnh v huy chon
Full Screen.
_ Overview voi Specification Tree: View->Specifications Overview (hoc Shift + F2).
Hp thoai Overview on Specification Tree cho php ta quan st Specification Tree mt cch tng th.
Mun di chuyn Specification Tree trong hp thoai ta Click chut tri ln khung nhn v di chut.
Mun Zoom khung nhn ta Click chut tri vo gc duoi bn tri hoc gc trn bn phai cua khung nhn
ri di chut.
_ Geometry Overview: View->Geometry Overview
Hp thoai Geometry Overview cho php ta quan st ton b nhung vt th c trong mn hnh.
Hp thoai ny cung cho php di chuyn v phng to thu nho khung nhn.
_ Su dung chuc nng mo rng v thu gon Specification Tree
D thun tin cho cc thao tc trn Specification Tree, CATIA cho php nguoi dng thuc hin cc
thao tc mo rng v thu gon Specification Tree.
Trn menu chon:
-View->Tree Expansion->Expand First Level
-View->Tree Expansion->Expand Second Level
-View->Tree Expansion->Expand All
-View->Tree Expansion->Expand Selection
-View->Tree Expansion->Collapse All
3/ Chn i t- ng ( Sel ect Obj ects )
Qu trnh thuc hin cc lnh trong chuong trnh di hoi nguoi su dung phai chon lua mt hoc
nhiu di tuong cho mt lnh no d. Di tuong duoc chon c th l cc khi, cc mt, cc duong, cc
dim, cc canh, cc dinh cua m hnh
_ Su dung chut kt hop voi Ctrl hoc Shift
+ Chon biu tuong nu ch d chon di tuong chua duoc kch hoat
+Giu Ctrl d chon nhiu di tuong cng mt lc:
Trn vng thit k
Trn Specification Tree
Trn danh sch lit k trong hp thoai
+Giu Shift d d chon nhiu di tuong cng mt lc
Trn Specification Tree
Trn danh sch lit k trong hp thoai
+ D huy chon: Click bt cu du trn nn mn hnh
_ Su dung Selection Traps.
D chon mt hay nhiu di tuong, ta c th su dung Selection Traps.
_ Su dung duong bao Bounding Outline
+ Chon biu tuong nu ch d chon di tuong chua duoc kch hoat,
+ Dng chut tri d ko-tha (Drag-Release) tao duong bao phu kn di tuong cn chon
_ The Intersecting Trap : Dng chut tao mt Trap hnh chu nht. Tt ca cc di tuong giao nhau
voi Trap s duoc chon.
_ Polygonal Trap : Tao nn mt Trap hnh da gic, ti ca cc di tuong nm hon ton trong Trap
s duoc chon.
_ Paint Stroke Selection . Dng chut tao Trap l mt duong bt ky, tt ca cc di tuong bi duong
Strocke di qua s duoc chon.
_ Other Selection... Command.( Mo file: Newfrom.CATPart).
C hai cch d thuc hin lnh:
+ Chon di tuong, sau d vo menu : Edit->Other Selection...
+ Right Click ln di tuong, chon Other Selection tu context menu.
Luu giu cc di tuong cn Select (Mo file: SelectionSets.CATPart):
_ Edit->Selection Sets Edition...
Hp thoai Selection Sets Edition cho php:
+Tao moi (Create): Mun tao moi mt Seclection Set ta click vo Create Set sau d chon cc di
tuong cn tao.
+Thm di tuong (Add). Khi tao mt Set, nu ch d Add element duoc kch hoat th cc di tuong
duoc chon s duoc thm vo Set.
+Bot di tuong (Remove).Khi tao mt Set, nu ch d Remove element duoc kch hoat th cc di
tuong duoc chon s bi loai khoi Set.
+Xa(Delete): Chon Selection Sets cn xa ri Click vo Delete Set.
+Xa mt Set rng (Delete empty sets): Khi Cick vo Delete empty sets th tt ca cc Set khng chua
di tuong no s tu dng bi xa di.
_ Goi lai cc di tuong d luu giu: Selection Sets (Ctrl+G)
Sau khi tao cc Set, ta c th goi lai chng. Trn menu chon Edit->Selection Sets(Hoc n Ctrl+G).
Hp thoai Selection Sets hin ra. Mun chon mt Set, ta click vo Set d ri Click vo Select.
4/ iu khin i t- ng ( manipulating )
_ Undoing Actions
D huy bo lnh vua thuc hin ta su dung lnh Undo.
Click vo biu tuong trn thanh cng cu Standard hoc trn menu chon Edit->Undo
Ta c th huy bo mt s lnh vua thuc hin chi bng mt thao tc duy nht: + Click vo biu
tuong (Undo with history) trn thanh cng cu Standard
+ Trong hp thoai Undo with history ta chon cc lnh cn Undo ri Click vo Apply. OK.
_ Redo
Nguoc lai voi lnh Undo, ta c th thuc hin lnh Redo d khi phuc lai thao tc vua huy bo.
- Click vo biu tuong trn thanh cng cu Standard hoc trn menu chon Edit->Undo
- Click vo biu tuong (Undo with history) trn thanh cng cu Standard
_ Cuting and Paste Object
Ta c th Cut v Paste cc di tuong trong cng mt ban v hoc giua cc ban v khc nhau.
Mun cut mt di tuong ta Right Click ln di tuong, chon cut (Ctrl+X).
D Paste mt di tuong ta Right Click ln vi tr cn Paste ri chon Paste (Hoc Ctrl+V).
_ Copying and Pasting Objects.
Cung tuong tu nhu Cut v Pase, ta c th Copy v Paste di tuong. Trong cng mt ban v hay
giu cc ban v voi nhau.
Mun Copy mt di tuong ta Right Click ln di tuong cn Copy ri chon copy hoc n Ctrl+C.
_ Paste Special... Command (mo file: Pase special. CATProduct).
Sau khi copy mt di tuong ta c th paste di tuong theo nhiu cch khc nhau.
Right Cick ln vi tr cn paste ri chon Paste Special. Hp thoai Paste Special hin ra cho ta mt
s lua chon:
+As Specified in Part Document: Di tuong moi tao thnh tn tai dc lp voi di tuong cu, di
tuong moi c th thay di lai cc thng s ban du.
+AsResultWithLink: Di tuong moi lin kt voi di tuong cu, nu cc thng s ban du cua di
tuong cu thay di s lm di tuong moi thay di theo.
+AsResult: Di tuong moi tn tai dc lp voi di tuong cu, khng th thay di lai cc thng s ban
du cua di tuong moi.
_ Xa mt di tuong: Edit->Delete
Ch : khi xa mt di tuong c cc children th chuong trnh hin ln bang delete. Nu ta chon Delete
all children th tt ca cc children cua di tuong s bi xa.
_ Measuring Objects
CATIA cho php kim tra nhanh kch thuoc cua mt di tuong.
G lnh c:Scale Planes vo command line.
Hp thoai Scale plane Properties cho php ta dt kch thuoc cua luoi (Width, Height). Dt ty l kch
thuoc giua m hnh v kch thuoc luoi (Scale). Nu ta khng chon Show the grid luoi s n di.
5/ Di chuyn i t- ng d ng tr c xoay 3 chiu ( Movi ng Obj ects Usi ng 3D
Compass )
(Mo file: Manipulators.CATProduct)
CATIA cung cp 3D Compass cho php nguoi dng c th thay di khung nhn v di chuyn cc
vt th trong chuong trnh. 3D Compass nm o pha trn bn phai cua mn hnh.
_ Di chuyn khung nhn su dung 3D Compass.
+Xoay tu do: d xoay tu do khung nhn ta Click chut tri ln dinh cua Compass giu v di chut.
+Xoay quanh truc X, Y, Z: Mun xoay quanh truc X ta Click chut tri vo cung trn trn mt
phng YZ giu v di chut. Lm tuong tu voi cc truc cn lai.
+Di chuyn doc truc X, Y, Z: Mun di chuyn doc truc, chng han truc X, ta Click chut tri ln
truc X giu v di chut.
+Di chuyn trn mt phng XY, YZ, ZX: Click chut tri ln cc mt phng tuong ung, giu v
di chut.
_ Di chuyn di tuong su dung 3D Compass.
Click vo gc cua Compass ri tha ln di tuong. Sau khi tha ln di tuong ta c th thuc hin cc
php dich chuyn di voi di tuong tuong tu nhu di voi khung nhn:
+Xoay tu do
+Xoay quanh truc U, V, W.
+Di chuyn doc truc U, V, W.
+Di chuyn trn mt phng UV, VW, WU.
Mun g compass ra khoi di tuong th Click vo gc Compass ri tha ra ngoi.
_ Di chuyn di tuong su dung Edit... Command:
Tha Compass vo di tuong ri Click chut phai vo compass, chon edit.
Chuong trnh s hin ln bang Parameters for Compass Manipulation.
Trn bang ny chng ta c th thuc hin cc thao tc di chuyn di tuong
Cc thng s trong Position l cc thng s v vi tr cua Compass.
Cc thng s trong Angle l cc thng s v huong cua Compass.
Sau khi thay di cc thng s ny, n Apply th vi tr vt th v compass s thay di theo.
D di chuyn di tuong, chng han mun di chuyn doc truc U, ta nhp buoc di chuyn vo Along U
mt gi tri khc 0 sau d Click chut tri vo mt trong hai mui tn di ph bn phai canh. Gi tri nhp
vo c th thay di bng cch Click vo cc mui tn nho bn canh.
Tuong tu nhu khi di chuyn doc truc, khi mun xoay di tuong quanh mt truc th ta nhp gi tri gc
xoay vo Rotate increment ri Click vo mui tn di ph bn phai d xoay di tuong.
_ Su dung chuc nng: Snap automatically to selected object
Click chut phai ln Compass chon Snap automatically to selected object
Khi kch hoat chuc nng ny th Compass s tu dng nhay ln di tuong mi khi ta chon di tuong.
_ Su dung chuc nng: Lock Current Orientation
Right Click ln Compass v chon Lock Current Orientation.Nu kch hoat chuc nng ny, huong cua
compass s duoc c dinh. Ta khng th xoay Compass tuy nhin vn c th di chuyn doc cc truc.
_ Su dung chuc nng: Lock Privileged Plane Orientation Parallel to Screen
Right Click ln Compass v chon Lock Privileged Plane Orientation Parallel to Screen. Khi kch
hoat chuc nng ny th mt phng UV cua Compass s song song voi mt phng mn hnh.
6/ Ko , th i t- ng v biu t- ng ( Draggi ng And Droppi ng I cons And
Obj ects )
D thuc hin mt lnh, thng thuong chng ta Click vo lnh cn thuc hin ri chon cc di tuong
thuc hin lnh, hoc lm nguoc lai: chon di tuong cn thuc hin lnh ri chon lnh cn thuc hin.
Ngoi hai cch thng thuong ny, CATIA cn cho php ta thuc hin lnh bng cch Click vo icon cua
lnh , giu chut ri tha ln di tuong cn thuc hin lnh. Hoc click vo mt lnh d thuc hin trn di
tuong ri tha ln di tuong khc.
_ Dragging and Dropping Icons onto Objects
Chng han mun thuc hin lnh Fillet ta Click vo Fillet giu chut v tha ln canh cua hnh hp.
_ Dragging and Dropping Objects Onto Objects
Mun thuc hin Fillet cho canh tip theo, ta Click vo canh vua Fillet, giu chut v tha vo canh khc.
Nu lc tha ta giu phmCtrl th ca hai canh du duoc Fillet, nu khng th canh truoc s mt Fillet.
7/ L- u gi v qun l d liu nh ( Capturi ng And Managi ng I mages For
Al bum )
CATIA cho php ta tao cc file anh tu cc m hnh d v trn mn hnh.
_ Capturing Simple Images
Trn menu chon: Tools->Image->Capture...
Chng ta c hai lua chon cho kiu anh m chng ta s chup: Pixel v liner.
_ Click vo pixel icon d dt kiu anh dang Pixel.
_ Click vo liner icon d dt kiu anh o dang Liner.
_ Click vo Options icon d dt cc thng s cho anh.
Trong hp thoai Capture Option
-Tab General:
+Show Banner: cho php hin ln mt s thng s trn anh
(tn, ngy , gio).
+Capture Only Geometry: Cho php chup di tuong m khng
c Specification Tree v Compass.
-Tab Pixel: TabPixel cho php ta dt cc thng s cua
anh nu kiu anh chon l pixel.
+White Background
+Capture White Pixels as Black
+Anti-Aliasing: Tng cht luong hnh anh
+Constant Size Capture: Dt ty l 1:1 giua anh v vt.
-Tab Vector:
Trong tab Vector ta c th dt dang cua cc duong cu tao nn anh, bao gm cc loai sau:Low,
Polyline, Polyline and Conic, Polyline and Spline.
_ Click vo Album icon d chup anh.
_ View mode:
Ta c th chup anh mt vng mn hnh nht dinh bng cch Click vo Viewe mode icon , chon
vng cn chup sau d Click vo Album icon d chup anh. O View mode ta chi c th chup duoc
nhung anh nm trong vng d hoa cua mn hnh.
_ Screen mode: (Cho php chup ton b nhung hnh anh trnng thy trn mn hnh, k ca cc hp thoai
) Click vo Screen mode , chon vng screen cn chup sau d Click vo Album d chup anh.
_ Xem cc anh d chup: Click vo Open Album .
Tt ca cc anh d chup du nm trong hp thoai Album. Hp thoai Album cung cp mt s chuc nng
sau:
+ Xem cc thng tin v cc file anh d chup: Click vo .
+ Xem cc anh d chup o dang phng to:Click vo . C th xem nhiu anh cng mt lc nu giu
Ctrl chon dng thoi nhiu anh.
+ Chinh sua anh: Click vo .
+ Xa mt anh c sn : Chon anh cn xa ri Click vo Erase icon
+ Save mt file anh : Click vo Save icon .
+D copy mt file anh : Click vo Copy icon .
_ Ghi mt file video.
Trong CATIA ta c th tao mt file Video ghi lai cc thao tc trn di tuong.
Trn menu chon : Tools->Image->Video...
Trn hp thoai Video recorder, click vo Recording icon d mo hp thoai Video properties.
Hp thoai ny cho php nguoi thit k dt cc thng s cho file video cn ghi.
-Fomat cho php ta dt dinh dang cho File Video cn tao. Ta c th dt o dinh dang AVI hoc vn
giu nguyn dang anh Still image capture. Khi giu o dang file anh , chuong trnh s chup mt loat cc
anh lin tip thay v tao mt file video thng thuong.
-Name cho php ta chon duong dn v dt tn cho file video cn tao.
-Automatic file name: su dung khi dinh dang file l file anh. Nu ny khng duoc chon th cc file
anh tao thnh s c cng mt tn do d chng s d ln nhau, kt qua l chi c 1 file anh tao thnh.
-Ta c th xc dinh vng mn hnh d tao file Video.
+ Document window: Vng tao file l vng mn hnh d hoa, khng ghi lai cc hp thoai v cc
menu.
+ Widow: Vng tao file l ton b mn hnh Window, lua chon ny cho php ghi lai ca cc hp thoai
v cc menu.
+ Area: Vng tao file l vng do nguoi dng tu chon. Chi nhung g c trong vng ny moi duoc ghi
lai, khng ghi lai cc hp thoai v cc menu.
+ Full Screen: ghi lai tt ca nhung g nhn thy duoc trn mn hnh.
-Timer: dt tc d ghi hnh cho file anh. Tc d duoc do bng s ln
qut /1ns.
- Include Cursor : Ghi lai ca cc chuyn dng cua con tro. Chuc nng ny chi c tc dung khi vng
tao anh chon l Window hoc Full Screen.
-Trn tab Movie:
+ Rate in Frames per Second l s anh m chuong trnh doc file Video s qut trong 1s. S anh cng
nhiu th tc d qut anh cng cao, hnh anh cng lin tuc tuy nhin dung luong cua file Video lon hon.
+ Compressor setup: Trong hp thoai Compressor setup, ta c th:
++Dt d nn cho file cn tao: Compression quality.
++Dt tc d duong truyn khi doc file Video:Data Rate.
++ Dt key frame cho file cn tao.
Sau khi dt cc thng s trong hp thoai Video properties, n OK d bt du qu trnh ghi.
8/ Xem i t- ng
_ Su dung chut v bn fm d zoom, pan, rotate khung nhn:
-Zoom:
->Ctrl+Pageup=Zoom in.
->Ctrl +Pagedown = Zoom out.
->Giu chut giua, n left mouse sau d nha left mouse, di chuyn ln trn d phng to (Zoom in),
di chuyn xung duoi d thu nho.
-Pan:
->Ctrl+Arrow key.
->Giu chut giua v di chut.
-Rotate:
->Shift + Arrow key.
->Giu chut giua + chut tri v di chut.
_ Su dung menu v toolbar:
Click vo Fit All In icon d nhn ton b cc vt th c trong khung nhn.
Click vo Pan icon d di chuyn khung nhn.
Click vo Zoom in icon d phng to khung nhn.
Click vo Zoom out icon d thu nho khung nhn.
Trn menu View->Zoom Area ri chon khung nhn d zoom khung nhn vua chon.
Click vo Normal View icon d nhn vung gc voi mt mt phng d chon.
Click vo Rotate icon d xoay khung nhn.
9/ Cng c Navigating
CATIA Cung cp cc cng cu Navigating d gip cho vic quan st di tuong tro nn truc quan,
sinh dng hon.
_ Navigating in Examine Mode: Dy l ch d mc dinh cc thao tc thuc hin trong ch d ny d
duoc trnh by o trn.
_ Navigating in Walk Mode:
Trn menu chon View->Navigation Mode->Walk
+Xoay di tuong bng cch click vo Turn Head icon
+ D kch hoat ch d Walk ta Click vo Walk icon . Click chut tri ln mn hnh v di chut
sang phai hoc sang tri khung nhn s di chuyn theo chiu nguoc lai.
+Tng tc d di chuyn khung nhn bng cch Click vo Acellerate icon , hoc n PageUp.
+Giam tc d di chuyn khung nhn bng cch Click vo Decellerate icon , hoc n PageDown.
+Xoay di tuong bng cch click vo Turn Head icon
_ .Navigating in Fly Mode.
Trn menu chon View->Navigation Mode->Fly.
+ D kick hoat ch d Fly ta Click vo Fly icon :
Click chut ln mn hnh ri di chut ln, xung, sang phai, hoc sang tri d di chuyn mn hnh.
_.Tro v khung nhn truoc View->Modify->Previous View.
_ Sang khung nhn tip theo View->Modify->Next View.
_ Dt Ground cho khung nhn: View->Ground
_Quan st chi tit mt phn di tuong: View->Magnifier...
Sau d di chuyn khung nhn dn vi tr thch hop.
+Looking At Objects: View->Modify->Look At, Click v ko chut tri sau d nha ra tai vi tr thch
hop.
10/ n v hin i t- ng
Right Click vo di tuong sau d tu context menu chon Hide/Show icon
11/ S dng Render Styles
View->Render Style->Wireframe (NHR)
View->Render Style->Dynamic Hidden Line Removal (HRD)
View->Render Style->Shading (SHD)
View->Render Style->Shading with Edges (SHD+E)
View->Render Style->Shading with Edges and Hidden Edges
Perspective and Parallel Views (Hnh chiu phi canh v hnh chiu song song).
Render Style->Perspective
Render Style->Parallel
Customizing the View Mode:
View->Render Style->Apply Customized View
12/ Ci t nh s ng v hiu ng chiu su
D dt nh sng cho khung nhn: View->Lighting...
Dt hiu ung v chiu su cho khung nhn : View->Depth Effect..
.
13/ S dng Standar d And User -Defined Views
CATIA Cho php nguoi dng quan st vt th theo nhung gc nhn tiu chun: Back, Left, Right,
Bottom, Top, Isometric, v tao mt gc nhn do nguoi dng tu dinh nghia.
Trn menu chon : View->Named Views...
Mun quan st tai gc nhn no th Double Click vo gc nhn d.
Click vo add d thm gc nhn.
Click vo Modify d thay di gc quan st hin tai.
Click vo Delete d xa mt gc nhn do nguoi dng dinh nghia.
Click vo Reverse d quay nguoc gc nhn 180
0
.
Click vo Properties d xem cc thng s cua gc nhn hin tai.
14/ S dng Layer s and Layer Filter s
Assigning Objects To Layers
Trn menu chon View->Toolbars->Graphic Properties d hin ln toolbar Graphics properties.
Layer box c trang thi None chung to khng c layer hin hnh trong chuong trnh. CATIA Cho php
ta tao moi cc layer v quan l cc layer ny.
Mun tao moi mt layer ta chon Other layer trong Layer box. Click vo New.
D dua mt di tuong vo layer ta chon di tuong sau d chon layer mun dua vo trong Layer box.
Nu khng c di tuong no duoc chon th layer vua chon s l layer hin hnh cua chuong trnh, moi
di tuong duoc tao moi s thuc layer hin hnh.
Su dng Visualization Filters
Trn menu chon Tools -> Visualization Filters...
Mun loc mt layer, chng han mun hin ring mt mnh Layer 1
Ta Click vo nt New, chuong trnh hin ln hp thoai Visualzation Filter Editor. Dt layer =1. An
OK.
Trong hp thoai Visualization chon Filter vua tao (Filter001), Click vo nt Apply. Khi d chi c
nhung layer no thuc Layer1 v cc layer khng thuc lop no moi hin ln mn hnh.
Ch : mun hin ton b cc di tuong ta chon All visible ri Click vo Apply.
Ch - n g i i i : v ph C t h O ( sk et c h er )
i / g i i t h i u v ph c t h o v m I t r u n g v ph c t h o :
1/ Gi i thiu v ph c tho :
Tao Sketcher l buoc co ban du tin d tao m hnh. M hnh tao thnh trong CATIA duoc lin
kt voi bin dang cua chng. Khi hiu chinh bin dang, m hnh tu dng cp nht nhung thay di ny.
Ta lm vic trong mi truong v phc cn tao ra hoc hiu chinh cc bin dang cua m hnh. Mi truong
v phc bao gm cc mt phng v phc v cc cng cu v phc(Sketch Tools).
Mt phng v phc chua cc bin dang cua vt th. N c th l cc Plane hoc l cc mt phng cua cc
vt th c sn.
2/ Mi tr - ng v ph c tho
_ Click vo Sketch trn thanh cng c. Hoc t menu File chn :Start -> Mechanical
Design -> Sketcher.
Chon mt phng tao Sketch trn mn hnh d hoa hoc trn Specification tree.
Sketch workbench xut hin.
Cc toolbar chnh d tao sketch gm
2.1 Sketch Tools
Sketch tools dng d nhp cc thng s cho di tuong v v kch hoat mt s chuc nng diu khin:
_Snap to point: Chuc nng ny duoc kch hoat mc dinh, khi n duoc kch hoat th con tro s tu dng
nhay dn cc nt cua Grid khi chng ta di chuyn con tro trn mn hnh.
_Construction/ Standard Element:
- Construction: Cc Construction l cc duong tam thoi, thuong duoc dng d xy dung ln cc duong
khc. Cc Contruction tu dng n di sau khi thot khoi Sketch.
- Standard: L cc duong duoc dng d xy dung ln ban v Sketch, n vn cn luu lai sau khi thot
khoi Sketch.
_Geometrical Constraints: Chuc nng ny duoc kch hoat s cho php chng ta dt cc rng buc giua
cc di tuong hnh hoc.
_Dimensional Constraints: Cho php dt cc rng buc v kch thuoc.
_Cc thng s ca i tng v: Mun nhp cc thng s vo Sketch Tools ta c th dng phm Tab hoc
dng con tro click vo tuong ung.
2.2 Pr ofile
V cc hnh co ban: Point, Line, Polyline, Spline, Rectangle, Circle, Conic
2.3 Oper ation
Thuc hin cc php ton trn di tuong: Corner, Chanfer, Trim, Break, Mirror, Translate, project
2.4 Contr ains
Dt cc rng buc v mt hnh hoc giua cc di tuong v cc rng buc v kch thuoc: Horizontal,
Vertical, Concident, Tangent, Length, Angle
2.5 Wor kbench
Thot khoi sketch workbench.
i i / c c l n h v c b n
1/ Pr ofile
1.1Rectangle (tao hnh chu nht).
Trn thanh cng cu chon Rectangle . Thanh cng cu Sketch tools s c dang nhu hnh v:
Trn thanh Sketch tools ta c th nhp cc thng s cho hnh chu nht cn tao. Sau Sketch tools s
thay di sau mi buoc thuc hin lnh. Su dung Sketch tools mt cch linh hoat kt hop voi su dung con
tro ta c th tao duoc hnh chu nht theo nhiu cch khc nhau. Hnh chu nht tao thnh duoc xc dinh
bng hai dinh di din nhau.
1.2. Circle (tao duong trn).
- Click vo Circle trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt dim trn mn hnh d xc dinh tm cua duong trn.
- Click vo mt dim khc d xc dinh dim nm trn duong trn.
C th dng Sketch tools d nhp cc thng s cho duong trn: Circle center, Point on circle, Radius.
1.3. Ellipse (V Elipse).
- Trn thanh cng cu chon Ellipse .
- Click vo mt dim trn mn hnh d xc dinh tm cua Ellipse.
- Click vo mt dim khc d xc dinh bn knh thu nht cua Ellipse.
- Click vo mt dim nua d xc dinh mt dim nm trn Ellipse.
Trn thanh cng cu Sketch tools ta c th nhp cc thng s cho Ellipse: Center point, Major radius,
Minor radius, Angle
1.4. Line (V duong thng).
- Trn thanh cng cu chon Line .
- Click vo mt dim trn mn hnh d xc dinh dim du cua duong thng.
- Click vo dim khc d xc dinh dim cui cua duong thng.
Trn thanh cng cu Sketch tools ta c th nhp cc thng s cho Line: Start point, End Point, Angle,
Length.
1.5. Axis (Tao duong tm).
- Click vo Axis trn thanh cng cu.
- Click d xc dinh dim du cua duong tm.
- Click vo dim khc d xc dinh dim cui cua duong tm.
Ch : Duong tm thuong duoc su dung cho cc lnh nhu Symmetry v Shaft.
1.6. Point (Tao dim).
- Click vo dim trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt vi tr trn mn hnh d xc dinh dim cn tao.
Tao d cua Point c th nhp tu thanh Sketch tools.
1.7. Spline (v duong cong Spline).
- Click vo Spline trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo cc dim lin tip trn mn hnh d tao Spline.
- Double Click d xc dinh dim cui cng cua Spline.
1.8.Profile (tao mt bin dang l cc duong thng v duong cong lin tip).
- Click vo Profile trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo cc dim lin tip trn mn hnh d tao Profile l cc duong thn g lin tip.
- Double Click d xc dinh dim cui cua Profle.
Khi tao Profile, thanh cng cu Sketch tools s xut hin thm cc lua chon: Line, Tangent Arc,Three
Point Arc. Click vo cc biu tuong cua chng d thuc hin lua chon.
1.9.Oriented rectangle (hnh chu nht nghing).
Mt hnh chu nht nging duoc xc dinh bng 3 dim.
- Click vo Oriented rectangle trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt vi tr trn mn hnh d xc dinh dinh thu nht cua hnh chu nht.
- Click vo vi tr khc d xc dinh dinh thu hai.
- Click mt vi tr nua trn mn hnh d xc dinh dinh thu ba.
Su dung Sketch tools ta c th nhp cc thng s: First corner, Second corner, Third coner, Width,
Length, Angle.
1.10. Parallelogram (Tao hnh bnh hnh).
D tao mt hnh bnh hnh chng ta cn xc dinh 3 dinh cua hnh bnh hnh.
- Click vo Prallelogram trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt dim trn mn hnh d xc dinh dinh thu nht cua hnh bnh hnh.
- Click vo dim khc d xc dinh dinh thu hai cua hnh bnh hnh.
- Click vo dim nua d xc dinh dinh thu ba cua hnh bnh hnh.
Su dung thanh cng cu Sketch tools ta c th tao hnh bnh hnh tu cc thng s: First corner, Second
corner, Third coner, Width, Height, Angle.
1.11. Elongated hole (tao mt l di).
Mt l di duoc xc dinh bng hai tm l v mt bn knh cua l.
- Click vo Elongated hole trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt dim trn mn hnh d xc dinh tm l thu nht.
- Click vo dim khc d xc dinh tm l thu hai.
- Click vo mt dim khc nua d xc dinh mt dim nm trn l.
Su dung Sketch tools ta c th nhp cc thng s: First center, Length, Angle, Second center, Radius,
Point on Elongated hole.
1.12.Cylindrical elongated hole (Tao l di cong).
- Click vo Cylindrical elongated hole trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon tm cua l.
- Chon dim du.
- Chon dim cui.
- Chon mt dim nm trn l.
Su dung Sketch tools ta c th tao l bng cc thng s: Radius, Circle center, Start point, End point,
Radius, Point on Cylindrical elongated hole.
1.13.Key hole profile ( Tao l hnh cha kha) .
- Click vo Key hole profile trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon tm l thu nht.
- Chon tm l thu hai.
- Chon mt dim d xc dinh bn knh thu nht.
- Chon dim khc d xc dinh bn knh thu hai.
Su dung Sketch tools ta c th tao l bng cch nhp cc thng s: Center, Length, Angle, Radius.
1.14. Hexagon (Tao hnh luc gic).
- Click vo Hexagon trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon tm cua luc gic.
- Chon mt dim nm trn luc gic.
Su dung cng cu Sketch tools ta c th nhp cc thng s: Hexagon center, Point on Hexagon,
Dimention, Angle.
1.15. Three point circle (tao duong trn bng cch nhp 3 dim).
- Click vo Three point circle trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon dim thu nht nm trn duong trn.
- Chon dim thu hai nm trn duong trn.
- Chon dim thu ba nm trn duong trn.
1.16. Circle using coordinate (tao duong trn bng cch su dung hp thoai).
Click vo Circle using coordinate trn thanh cng cu. Hp thoai Circle Definition xut hin. Cung
ging nhu su dung Sketch tools, ta c th nhp cc thng s cho duong trn vo hp thoai.
1.17. Tri-tangent circle (Tao duong trn tip xc voi 3 di tuong khc).
- Click vo Tri-tangent circle trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon di tuong tip xc thu nht.
- Chon di tuong tip xc thu hai.
- Chon di tuong tip xc thu ba.
1.18. Three point arc (Tao cung trn bng ba dim nm trn cung trn).
- Click vo Three point arc trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon dim thu nht cua cung.
- Chon dim thu hai cua cung.
- Chon dim thu ba cua cung.
1.19. Three point arc starting with limits (Tao cung trn bng 3 dim, hai dim du l gioi han
cua cung trn).
- Click vo Three point arc starting with limits trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon dim du cua cung trn.
- Chon dim cui cua cung trn.
- Chon mt dim nm trn cung trn.
1.20.Arc (Tao cung trn).
- Click vo Arc trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon dim lm tm cung trn.
- Chon dim du cua cung trn.
- Chon dim cui cua cung trn.
1.21.Connect (Duong ni).
- Click vo Connect trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon di tuong thu nht.
- Chon di tuong thu hai.
2/ Redefine Par ameter (Dt lai cc thng s cho di tuong).
Sau khi tao di tuong ta c th Double Click vo di tuong d dt lai cc thng s cho di tuong vua
tao.
3/ Oper ation (Thuc hin cc php ton trn di tuong)
3.1. Corner (Tao gc luon).
- Click vo Corner trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt dinh cua hnh chu nht cn tao gc luon.
- Di chut dn vi tr thch hop.
Ch : D tao gc luon c bn knh xc dinh ta nhp bn knh gc luon tu thanh Sketch tools.
Trn thanh cng cu Sketch tools ta c th chon cc kiu tao gc luon: Trim all element, Trim first
Element, No trim.
3.2. Chamfer (Vt gc).
- Click vo Chamfer trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo dinh cua hnh chu nht cn tao chamfer.
- Di chut dn vi tr thch hop.
D tao cc chamfer c kch thuoc xc dinh ta dng Sketch tools.
Trn thanh Sketch tools ta c th chon cc kiu vt gc: Trim all element, Trim first Element, No trim,
Angle-Hypotenuse, Length1-Length2, Angle-Length1.
3.3 Trim (Ct di tuong).
- Click vo Trim trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong thu nht cn ct.
- Click vo di tuong thu hai.
Trn thanh cng cu ta c th chon kiu trim: Trim all elements, Trim fist element.
3.4 Symmetry (Tao hnh di xung).
- Click vo Symmetry trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong gc.
- Click vo duong thng di xung.
3.5.Break (Chia di di tuong).
- Click vo Break trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong cn chia.
- Click vo dim chia.
3.6. Quick trim (Ct nhanh cc di tuong).
- Click vo Quick trim trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong cn trim. Phn di tuong bi ct di duoc gioi han boi mt hoc hai di tuong khc.
3.7. Close (Dng kn duong trn).
- Click vo Close trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo cung trn cn dng kn. Duong trn tuong ung s duoc tao thnh.
3.8. Complement (Ly phn di cua cung trn).
- Click vo Complement thanh cng cu.
- Click vo cung trn cn ly phn di.
3.9. Translate (Di chuyn di tuong).
- Click vo Translate trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong cn dich chuyn.
- Click vo dim thu nht d xc dinh gc cua dich chuyn.
- Click vo dim thu hai d xc dinh dch dn.
3.10. Rotate (Xoay di tuong).
- Click vo Rotate trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong cn xoay.
- Click vo tm xoay.
- Click vo dim gc cua php xoay.
- Click vo dch dn.
3.11. Scale (Phng to thu nho di tuong).
- Click vo Scale trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong.
- Click vo tm cua Scale.
- Nhp ty l.
3.12. Offset (Tao di tuong song song voi di tuong khc).
- Click vo Offset trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong Offset.
- Click vo vi tr cua di tuong moi.
4/ Constr aint ( t o rng buc cho i t- ng )
Cng cu Constraint dng d dt cc rng buc v kch thuoc hoc v vi tr cho cc di tuong trong
Sketch.
Voi mt di tuong ta c cc rng buc: Fix, Horizontal,Vertical.
Voi hai di tuong ta c cc rng buc:
Coincidence,Concentricity,Tangency,Parallelism, Midpoint, Perpendicularity
4.1 Constraint .
Cng cu Constraint dng d dt rng buc ln cc di tuong. Ty vo s luong v kiu di tuong,
chuong trnh s tu tao ra cc rng buc thch hop.
V du:
- D tao rng buc v chiu di cho duong thng, ta Click vo duong thng ri Click vo Constraint
, chuong trnh tu dng tao rng buc v chiu di cho duong thng vua chon.
- D tao rng buc v khoang cch giua hai di tuong, ta chon hai di tuong cn tao rng buc ri Click
vo Constraint .
4.2 Constraints Defined in Dialog Box .
Cng cu Constraint Definition in Dialog Box dng d dt rng buc cho cc di tuong thng qua
mt hp thoai.
Click vo di tuong cn dt rng buc ri Click vo Constraint Definition in Dialog Box trn thanh
cng cu. Hp thoai Constraint Definition xut hin.
Tch vo rng buc cn thuc hin.
c h - ng i v : v t h i t k 2d
(i nt er ac t i v e dr af t i ng )
I / g i i t h i u v i n t er a c t i v e d r a f t i n g v i n t er a c t i v e
d r a f t i n g Wo r k ben c h :
1/ Gi i thiu
Interactive Drafting l mt san phn cao cp, cho php thit k ban v 2D mt cch truc quan,
dua theo cc tiu chun cua mt ban v CAD 2D. Trong bi hoc ny chng ta s duoc hoc cch d tao
mt ban v 2D theo nhiu cch phuc tap khc nhau.
2/ I nter active Dr afting Wor kbench
Trn menu chon File > New. Hoc Click vo New trn thanh cng cu Standard.
Hp thoai New xut hin.
Trong hp thoai New chon Drawing, Click OK.
Hp thoai New Drawing xut hin.
Trong hp thoai New Drawing ta c th dt cc thng s cho ban v: Tiu chun (Standard), dinh dang
(Format), huong (Orientation), ty l (Scale).
Click OK d vo Interactive Drafting Workbench.
i i / Ch c n n g c a t h a n h c n g c t o o l s :
Cung ging nhu thanh cng cu Sketch Tools, thanh cng cu Tools duoc su dung d kch hoat cc tnh
nng cua cc cng cu khc v nhp cc thng s khi tao di tuong.
Su dung cc chuc nng cua thanh cng cu Tools.
1. Grid: Bt ch d hin thi luoi.
2. Snap to Point: Bt tt ch d nhay con tro.
3. Analysis Display Mode: Bt ch d cho php th hin cc loai duong kch thuoc khc nhau duoi
cc mu khc nhau.
Ch : D dt cc mu khc nhau cho cc loai Dimension, trn menu chon Tools > Options >
Mechanical Design > Drafting (Dimension tab).
4. Show Constraints: Dt ch d hin thi cc Constraints.
5. Create Detected Constraints: Dt ch d cho php tao cc Constraints.
6. Filter Generated Elements: Dt ch d loc cc di tuong duoc tao tu cc hnh 3D.
7. Projected Dimension: Dt ch d ghi kch thuoc chiu ln cc phuong ty thuc vo vi tr cua con
tro (trong Option phai d o ch d: Dimension following the mouse).
8. Force Dimension on Element: Dt ch d ghi kch thuoc song song voi chiu di di tuong.
9. Force to Horizontal Position: Dt ch d ghi kch thuoc chiu ln phuong ngang.
10. Force to Vertical Position: Dt ch d ghi kch thuoc chiu ln phuong thng dung.
11. True Length Dimensions: Ly chiu di thuc cua di tuong.
Projected Dimension (according to the cursor position) Force Dimension on Element
Force to Horizontal Position
Force to Vertical Position
True Length Dimensions
i i i / c c c n g c t o b n v 2d
1/ Sheet ( T o khng gi an m i cho bn v )
Cng cu Sheet dng d tao mt vng khng gian moi cho ban v.
a. Toa moi mt Sheet.
Click vo New Sheet trn thanh cng cu (Drawing). Mt Sheet moi s xut hin trn ban v.
Sau khi tao Sheet:
b. Sua lai mt Sheet c sn:
Trn menu chon File > Page Setup. Hp thoai Page Setup xut hin. Trong hp thoai Page Setup ta
c th dinh dang lai Sheet vua tao.
c. Xa mt Sheet:
Click chut phai ln Sheet tao thnh trn Specification Tree, chon Delete.
2/ Fr ame( Ch n khung t n vo bn v )
Trn menu chon Edit > Background.
Click vo Frame Creation trn thanh cng cu Drawing.
Hp thoai Insert Frame and Title Block xut hin.
Chon Creation, Click OK d tao khung tn.
Trong khung tn tao thnh chng ta c th v hoc ghi cc thng tin ty .
Trn menu chon Edit > Working views d tro lai mi truong thit k ban du.
3/ Views ( T o khung nhn )
a. Tao mt khung nhn moi:
- Click vo New View trn thanh cng cu Drawing.
- Di chut dn dim cn tao View, Click vo vi tr cn tao trn khng
gian ban v.
- Tip tuc Click vo New View d tao cc khung nhn khc. Tu khung nhn dang duoc kch hoat l
Front View ta c th tao cc khung nhn: Top View, Botton View, Left View, Right View, Isometric
View.
- D kch hoat mt khung nhn ta Double Click vo khung nhn d. Khung nhn duoc kch hoat s
c khung mu do trn mn hnh.
4/ Views Plane( Mt phng nhn )
- Kch hoat khung nhn cn thay di mt phng nhn bng cch Double Click ln khung nhn d.
- Click vo View Plane Definition trn thanh cng cu Multi View
- Hp thoai View Plane Definition xut hin.
- Trong hp thoai View Plane Definition ta nhp cc thng s cho hai vc to chi phuong cua mt phng
nhn.
- Click OK d dng hp thoai.
5/ Folding Line( T o c c - ng dng )
(Mo file: IntDrafting_Views_FoldingLines.CATDrawing)
- Truoc khi tao cc duong dng cn kch hoat khung nhn dang chun bi dng d v.
- Click chut phai ln khung nhn m ta cn tao cc duong dng tu n, chon object ->Show folding
Lines.
6/ Multiple View Pr oj ection ( T o c c hnh chi u ph da vo hnh chi u ng)
(Mo file: Combivu_views01.CATDrawing)
D hiu r lnh ny chng ta s tm hiu hai v du sau:
VD1. Tao duong trn trn hnh chiu canh Right View.
- Kch hoat Right View.
- Click vo Multiple View Projection trn thanh cng cu Multi View.
- Click vo cung trn trn hnh chiu dung (Front View) d xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Click vo duong trn trn hnh chiu bng (Top View) d xc dinh di tuong chiu.
VD2: Tao hnh chiu truc do (Isometric View).
- Kch hoat Isometric View.
- Chon ton b cc di tuong nt lin trn hnh chiu dung (Front View) lm di tuong chiu.
- Click vo Multi View Projection .
- Chon canh duoi cua hnh chiu bng (Top View) d xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Lm tuong tu voi cc canh cn lai.
7/ 2D component ( C c b phn t o thnh bn v 2D )
Khi thay cn th hin mt phn cua di tuong trong ban v ta chi cn thay di duong bao ngoi cua
View.
- Click chut phai vo View, chon Properties.
- Trong tab View, chon Visual Clipping.
- Click OK.
- Trn view by gio xut hin mt duong bao moi.
- Click chut ln vung o gc duong bao v di chut d thay di khung nhn.
7. 2D Component.
2D Component l cc di tuong 2D c th duoc su dung nhiu ln d tao cc di tuong trong ban v.
Mi Component duoc duoc dt trong mt Sheet v c th thay di duoc.
a.To 2D Component.
- Click vo New Detail Sheet trn thanh cng cu Drawing, mt Sheet (Detail) duoc tao thnh v
mt View cung duoc tao thnh cng.
- Trong View vua tao ta c th tao cc di tuong 2D d lm 2D Component. V du tao mt di tuong l
hai duong trn lng vo nhau nhu hnh v duoi dy.
b. Su dng 2D Component va to.
- Kch hoat Sheet.1(Double Click vo Sheet.1 trn Specification Tree, hoc Click vo Sheet.1 o gc trn
bn tri mn hnh).
- Click vo Instantiate 2D Component trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo 2D Component.1 trn Specification Tree, hoc Click vo Sheet.2(Detail) o gc trn bn tri
mn hnh ri Click vo hai hnh trn vua tao.
- Di chuyn con tro d dt hai hnh trn vo vi tr thch hop.
Ch : D tao nhiu di tuong cng mt lc ta Double Click vo Instantiate 2D Component .
c. Thay di li 2D Component.
- Kch hoat Sheet.2(Detail).
- Thay di lai cc di tuong trong 2D Component, cc di tuong tuong ung cua n trong Sheet.1 s thay
di theo.
d. To thm 2D Component trong cng mt Sheet.
- Kch hoat Sheet.2(Detail).
- Click vo New View trn thanh cng cu, di chuyn con tro toi vi tr thch hop, Click chut ln mn
hnh d tao View.
- Trn Specification Tree xut hin thm 2D Component.2.
- By gio ta c th v cc di tuong cho 2D Component.2.
e. Replace 2D Component.
- Kch hoat Sheet.1 (Detail).
- Click chut phai vo mt di tuong chon 2D Component Object > Replace Reference.
- Chon 2D Component khc thay th cho 2D Component ban du.
f. D}t li v| tr cho 2D Component.
- Kch hoat Sheet.1.
- Click vo Instantiate 2D Component ri chon 2D Component cn tao.
- Chuong trnh tu dng xut hin thanh cng cu Position.
- Thanh cng cu Position cho php ta:
+ Thay di lai dim gc cua di tuong .
+ Xoay di tuong .
+ Dao chiu di tuong , .
8/ 2D component catolog ( Th- vi n c c component )
Component Catalog l mt file c chua cc di tuong l cc 2D Component. Su dung Component
Catalog c th quan l ton b cc 2D Component, ngoi ra cn c th chn truc tip cc di tuong tu
Component Catalog.
a. Tao mt Component Catalog (Mo file: BoldSample. CATDrawing).
- Trn menu chon File > Save As.
- Trong hp thoai Save As chon File Type l catalog.
- OK.
b. Su dung Catalog vua tao.
- Click vo Catalog Browser trn thanh cng cu Catalog .
- Hp thoai Catalog xut hin.
- Click vo Browse another catalog .
- Chon duong dn dn Catalog vua tao.
- Double Click vo Bolds trong hp thoai.
- Click vo biu tuong cua cc chi tit c trong Bolds, ko v tha n vo ban v.
- Click vo Close d dng hp thoai.
d. Exploding a 2D Component (ph v lin kt cua 2D Component).
- Click chut phai vo 2D Component, chon *Object > Explode 2D Component.
Dimensions .
Interactive Drafting Workbench cung cp cc cng cu ghi kch thuoc mt cch d dng bng cch su
dung thanh cng cu Dimensions .
9/ Dimensions( Kch th- t )
(Mo file: Brackets_views02.CATDrawing).
- Click vo Dimensions trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong thu nht c trong View.(v du duong trn).
- Nu cn, c th Click vo di tuong thu hai, chuong trnh s tu dng tao kch thuoc giua hai di tuong.
.2. Thay di kiu Dimensions .
- Click vo Dimensions trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo duong trn trong View.
- Click chut phai chon Radius Center d chuyn kiu kch thuoc tu Diameter Center sang Radius
Center.
Ngoi ra ta cn c mt s lua chon khc nhu:
- 1 Symbol: Hin thi duong ko di cua kch thuoc o mt bn.
- Dimension Representation: Thay di kiu hin thi kch thuoc.
- Value Orientation: Chon huong hin thi gi tri kch thuoc.
- Restore Value Position: Tra lai vi tr hin thi truoc cua kch thuoc.
- Add funer: Tao duong ko di hnh phu.
- Half Dimensions : Ly mt nua kch thuoc.
.4. Driving Dimensions.
Cng cu Driving Dimensions dng d diu chinh kch thuoc di tuong thng qua vic thay di gi tri
cua Dimensions .
- Double Click vo kch thuoc, hp thoai Dimensions Value xut hin.
- Tch vo Drive geometry.
- Nhp gi tri moi vo hp thoai, kch thuoc cua di tuong s thay di theo gi tri kch thuoc nhp vo.
.5.Coordinate Dimensions (Ghi toa d dim).
(Mo file: PointSketch.CATDrawing)
- Click vo Coordinate Dimensions trn thanh cng cu.
- Trn thanh Tools ta c th chon kiu ghi kch thuoc l 2D (X,Y) hay 3D (X,Y,Z).
- Click vo dim cn ghi kch thuoc.
- Click vo vng trng trn mn hnh d tao Coordinate Dimensions.
.6. Cumulated Dimensions (kch thuoc tch luy).
(Mo file: Brackets_views03.CATDrawing)
- Click Cumulated Dimensions trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong thu nht.
- Click vo di tuong thu 2.
- Click vo dim thu 3.
- Click vo vng trng trn mn hnh d dt kch thuoc.
.7. Stacked Dimensions (chui kch thuoc).
- Click vo Stacked Dimensions trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo di tuong thu nht.
- Click vo di tuong thu 2.
- Click vo di tuong thu 3.
- Click ln vng trng trn mn hnh d dt kch thuoc.
.8.Holes Dimensions Table (Bang ghi kch thuoc l).
(Mo file: alesage.CATDrawing)
- Chon mt hoc nhiu l trn mn hnh.
- Click vo Hole Dimension Table trn thanh cng cu. Hp thoai Axis system and table parameters
xut hin.
- Su dung hp thoai:
+ Axis System: Xc dinh gc toa d d do toa d cc l. Ta c th chon cc duong thng d xc dinh h
toa d moi.
+ Click vo Flip horizontally hay Flip vertically d dao chiu cc truc toa d.
+ Tch vo Create representation nu mun hin thi h truc toa d ln mn hnh.
+ Title: Nhp nhan d cho bang.
+ Tch vo X,Y, Diameter nu mun th hin cc thng s ny trong bang.
+ Table Format: Chon dinh dang cho bang: Transpose table(dao hng v ct), Sort table content (sp xp
du liu trong bang).
+ Click OK d tao bang.
.9. Points Coordinates Table (bang toa d cc dim).
(Mo file: PointSketch.CATDrawing)
Su dung tuong tu nhu Holes Dimensions Table.
.10. Chamfer Dimensions (ghi kch thuoc cho canh chamfer).
- Click Chamfer Dimension trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo canh chamfer.
- Chon duong thng thu nht cua chamfer.
- Chon ca di tuong thu hai hoc Click ln khoang trng trn mn hnh d dt kch thuoc.
- Trn thanh Tools ta c th chon kiu ghi kch thuoc.
.11.Thread Dimensions (Ghi kch thuoc cho ren).
(Mo file: intthread.CATDrawing)
- Click vo Thread Dimension trn thanh cng cu .
- Click vo ren cn ghi kch thuoc, hoc Click vo hai duong thng song song.
.12. Mt s kiu ghi kch thuoc khc:
- length/distance dimension
- angle dimension
- radius dimension
- diameter dimension
.13.Lining up Dimensions (sp xp cc duong kch thuoc).
(Mo file: LineUp_Dimensions01.CATDrawing)
- Chon cc Dimentions cn sp xp.
- Click chut phai, chon Line-Up .
- Chon di tuong gc. Hp thoai Line Up xut hin.
- Su dung hp thoai:
+ Offset to reference: Khoang cch dn dim gc.
+ Offset between dimensions: Khoang cch giua cc kch thuoc.
+ Align stacked dimensions values: Ging gi tri cua cc stacked dimensions.
+ Align cumulated dimensions values: Ging gi tri cua cc cumulated dimensions.
+ Automatically add a funnel: Tu dng tao cc duong ging hnh phu.
+ Only organize dimensions into systems: Chuong trnh chi nhn cc duong kch thuoc lm di tuong.
Khi lua chon ty chon ny th gi tri trong Offset from dimensions khng c tc dung.
.14. Datum Feature .
.15. Tolerance (dung sai).
(Mo file: Brackets_views03.CATDrawing)
- Click Geometric Tolerance trn thanh cng cu Dimensioning (Tolerancing subtoolbar).
- Chon mt di tuong cn ghi dung sai.
- Di chut dn vi tr thch hop ri Click d xc dinh vi tr dung sai, hp thoai Geometric Tolerancing
Parameters xut hin.
- Click vo hai nt trong Symbol d chon kiu biu tuong dung sai.
- Nhp cc gi tri cua dung sai vo Tolerance Value v Datum Elements.
- Filter Symbols: Nu dt o trang thi Yes, chuong trnh s loc cc biu tuong tuong ung voi cc phn tu
m ta lua chon. Nu dt o trang thi No, chuong trnh s hin thi tt ca cc biu tuong.
- Click OK d dng hp thoai.
- Mun sua lai cc thng s trong hp thoai ta Double Click vo biu tuong cua dung sai trn mn hnh.
10/ Dr ess-up element
.1.Center Line (No Reference)(V duong tm)
- Click vo Center Line trn thanh cng cu Dressup.
- Chon mt duong trn hoc chon mt ellipse, duong tm duoc tao ra.
- C th thay di kch thuoc duong tm bng cch Click vo duong tm, ri Click vo dim o du mt
cua duong tm ri di chut dn vi tr thch hop.
.2. Center Lines (Reference).
- Click vo Center Line with Reference trn thanh cng cu Dressup.
- Click vo duong trn cn v duong tm.
- Click vo di tuong Reference (Reference c th l mt duong thng hoc l mt duong cong).
Ch : cng cu ny khng thuc hin duoc voi Ellipse.
.3.Threads (No Reference) (V ren).
- Click Thread trn thanh cng cu Dressup.
- Click vo duong trn cn tao ren.
Ch : khi tao ren th duong tm cung tu dng duoc tao.
.4. Threads (Reference).
- Click vo Thread with Reference trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo duong trn cn tao ren.
- Click vo di tuong Reference.
.5. Axis Lines (tao duong truc).
- Click Axis Line trn thanh cng cu Dressup.
- Click hai duong thng, duong tm duoc tao ra.
.6.Axis Lines and Center Lines (tao duong truc v duong tm)
- Click Axis Line and Center Line trn thanh cng cu Dressup.
- Chon hai duong trn, duong truc v duong tm duoc tao ra.
.7. Area Fill (gach vt liu cho mt vng kn).
- Trn thanh cng cu Graphic Properties Click vo Pattern d chon loai vt liu cn gach.
- Click vo Area Fill trn thanh cng cu Dress Up. Hp thoai Area dectection xut hin.
- Nu chon Automatic, ta chi vic Click vo pha trong cua mt min kn, mt ct tu dng xut hin.
- Nu chon With profile selection, ta chon cc di tuong lin tip xung quanh mt min kn.
.8. Arrows (V mui tn).
- Trn menu chon Insert->Dressup->Arrow .
- Click vo dim hoc di tuong d xc dinh dim bt du cua Arrow.
- Click vo mt dim khc trn mn hnh d xc dinh dim cui cua Arrow.
- Click chut phai vo du mt cuaArrow vua tao, chon Add a Break point d be gy Arrow.
- Click chut phai vo du mt cua Arrow chon Add an Interruption d ph ct boi mt doan cua Arrow.
- Click chut phai vo du mt cua Arrow chon Symbol shape d chon kiu Arrow.
c h - ng v : t h i t k c h i t i t
( par t desi g n )
a / pa r t d esi g n w o r k ben c h
- D vo part design workbench, trn menu chon File / New (Ctrl +N).
- Hp thoai New xut hin.
-Trong hp thoai New chon Part, n nt OK. Part Design Workbench xut hin.
-Part design Workbench cung cp mt s thanh cng cu:
+Sketch based Features dng d tao cc hnh co ban: Pad, Pocket, Shaft, Groove, Hole, Rib, Slot,
Stiffener, Soft, Remove loft
+Constraints dt cc rng buc v kch thuoc, vi tr.
+Dress-up Features chinh sua, tao m hnh: Fillet, Chamfer, Draft
+Transfomation Features di chuyn v thuc hin mt s php ton : Translation, Symmetry, Mirror,
Scale
+Reference Element cho php tao ba di tuong co ban dng d h tro qu trnh thit k cc m hnh: Point,
Line, Plane.
+Surface-Base Features cung cp mt s lnh lin quan dn cc mt: Split
+Prt Sketch tao cc phc thao 2D d xy dung m hnh.
D thuc hin mt lnh trn thanh cng cu ta chi vic Click vo biu tuong cua lnh d trn thanh cng cu.
- Ngoi cc thanh cng cu, Part Design Workbench cn cung cp cc menu c chua cc lnh nhu trong cc
thanh cng cu.
b/ c c l n h t o pa r t c b n
I / s d n g t h a n h c n g c sk et c h -ba sed f ea t u r es
1/ Pad ( T o part bng c ch Extrude 1 sketch prof i l e )
_ Mo file Pad.CATPart
Cng cu thuong xuyn duoc su dung trong vic tao mt khi 3D. N c chuc nng ko mt bin dang
2D thnh mt khi 3D.
Click vo Pad nm trn thanh cng cu.
Hp thoai Pad Definition xut hin:
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a) First Limit: Cc thng s cho gioi han thu nht cua Part.
- Type: Chon kiu tao part.
1) Dimention: Bin dang 2D duoc ko ln theo kch thuoc nhp trong Length.
2) Up to Next: Tao Pad bng cch ko bin dang 2D dn mt phng gn mt phng v bin dang 2D nht
theo phuong vung gc.
- Offset: Pad tao thnh s cch mt phng gn nht mt khoang bng gi tri nhp trong Offset.
3) Up to Last: Tao Pad bng cch ko bin dang 2D dn mt phng cui cng theo phuong vung gc voi
mt phng v bin dang 2D.
- Offset: Pad tao thnh s cch mt phng cui cng mt khoang bng gi tri nhp trong Offset.
4) Up to Plane: Tao Pad bng cch ko bin dang 2D dn mt phng (Plane) lua chon.
- Limit: Chon mt Plane lm gioi han cua Pad.
- Offset: Pad tao thnh s cch Plane lua chon mt khoang bng gi tri nhp trong Offset.
5) Up to surface: Tao Pad bng cch ko bin dang 2D dn mt mt (Surface) lua chon.
- Limit: Chon mt Surface lm gioi han cua Pad.
- Offset: Pad tao thnh s cch Surface lua chon mt khoang bng gi tri nhp trong Offset.
b) Profile/ Surface:
- Selection: Chon mt bin dang cho Pad. Click vo biu tuong Sketch bn canh Selection d chinh sua
hoc tao moi mt Sketch.
c) Revese Direction: Dao nguoc chiu tao Pad.
d) Mirror Extend: Tao Pad di xung.
e) More: Dt thm cc thng s cho Pad:
Khi click vo More, hp thoai Pad Definition c dang nhu sau:
f) Second Limit:
- Type: Chon kiu cho gioi han thu hai cua pad (Ging voi gioi han thu nht).
g) Direction: Chon huong cho Pad.
Bnh thuong bin dang 2D duoc ko theo phuong vung gc voi mt phng tao bin dang. Nu chon huong
cho Pad th bin dang 2D s ko theo huong d chon. D chon huong cho Pad, ta Click vo Reference ri
chon mt duong thng hoc mt phng lm huong. Nu huong duoc chon l duong thng th Pad tao thnh
s duoc ko theo phuong duong thng. Nu huong duoc chon l mt phng th Pad tao thnh s ko theo
phuong vung gc voi mt phng.
h) Thick: Dt chiu dy cho pad.
Khi Click vo thick th ta c th dt cc chiu dy cho Pad vo Thickness1 v Thickness2.
2/ Dr afting Fillet Pad ( T o 1 pad c v t mt b n v vo trn c c c nh )
(Mo file: Draft .CATPart ).
Click vo Drafted Filleted Pad trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Freature > Drafted
Filleted Pad. Sau d chon Sketch dng d tao Pad.
Hp thoai Drafted Filleted Pad Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a) Fist limit: Gioi han thu nht cua Pad.
- Length: Nhp chiu di cho gioi han thu nht cua Pad.
b) Second limit: Gioi han thu hai cua Pad.
- Limit: Chon mt mt lm gioi han thu hai cho Pad.
c) Draft: Dt cc thng s vt cho Pad.
- Angle: Nhp gc cua Draft.
- Neutral element: Chon phn tu trung gian cho Draft.
+ Fist limit: Chon Fist limit l mt phng trung gian cho Draft.
+ Second limit: Chon Second Limit l mt phng trung gian cho Draft.
d) Fillets: Dt cc thng s vo trn canh cua Pad.
- Lateral radius: Bn knh gc luon cho cc canh xung quanh Pad.
- Fist limit radius: Bn knh gc luon cua cc canh trn mt gioi han thu nht.
- Second limit radius: Bn knh gc luon cua cc canh trn mt gioi han thu hai.
e) Reverse direction: Dao nguoc chiu tao Pad.
3/ Multi-Pad ( T o part v i nhi u prof i l e c kch th- t kh c nhau )
(Mo file: Pad1_R08.CATPart).
Click vo Multi-Pad trn thanh cng cu. Hoc Insert > Dressup-Based Feature > Multi Pad. Sau d chon
Sketch dng d tao Pad. Hp thoai Multi-Pad Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Type: Kiu tao Pad. Ta c mt lua chon cho kiu tao Pad l Dimention (Tao Pad bn cch nhp kch
thuoc).
- Leght: Chiu di cua Pad.
- Trong Domains ta c th thy mi Extrude domain du c mt chiu di. Mun thay di chiu di
cua Extrude domain no ta Click chut vo n v nhp chiu di tuong ung vo Length.
- More: Nhp thm cc thng s cho Pad. Khi Click vo More, hp thoai Multi-Pad Definition c dang
nhu sau:
- Second Limit: Cho php tao Pad ca hai chiu. Trong chiu thu hai ta cung c cc lua chon ging nhu
chiu thu nht.
- Direction: Bnh thuong, Pad duoc tao theo phuong vung gc voi mt phng Sketch. Ta c th chon
huong tao Pad bng cch chon mt duong thng hoc mt mt phng.
- Reverse Direcition: Dao nguoc chiu tao Pad.
4/ Pocket ( T o hc cho part )
(Mo file Pocket1_R08.CATPart)
Click vo Pocket trn thanh cng cu . Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Feature > Pocket. Hp thoai
Pocket Definition xut hin:
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Type: Kiu gioi han Pocket l Dimention, Up to Next, Up to Last, Up to Plane, Up to Surface.
- Depth: Nhp chiu su cua Pocket nu kiu gioi han l Dimention.
- Limit: Chon cc di tuong lm gioi han cua Pocket nu kiu gioi han khng phai l Dimention.
- Profile: Bin dang cua Pocket.
- Thick: Chiu dy cho bin dang. Nu Click vo ny hp thoai Pocket Definition s c dang :
+ Thickness 1: Nhp chiu dy thu nht cho Pocket.
+ Thickness 1: Nhp chiu dy thu hai cho Pocket.
+ Reverse Side: Dao Thickness 1 v Thickness 2 cho nhau.
Su dung lua chon Thick, Pocket s c dang nhu sau:
- Reverse Direction: Dao nguoc chiu cua Pocket.
- Second Limit: Gioi han thu hai cho Pocket. Trong Second Limit ta cung c th lua chon kiu gioi han cho
Pocket ging nhu voi Fist Limit.
5/ Multi-Pocket ( T o hc v i nhi u prof i l e )
(mo file Pocket1_R08.CATPart )
Click vo Multi-Pocket trn thanh cng cu . Hoc Insert > Sketch-Based Feature > Multi-Pocket. Sau d
chon Sketch dng d tao Pocket. Hp thoai Multi-Pocket xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Type: Kiu kch thuoc cho Pocket. O dy ta c duy nht mt kiu l Dimention.
- Depth: Nhp chiu su cua Pocket.
- Trong Domains ta c th thy mi Extrude Domain c mt chiu di tuong ung, mun thay di cc chiu
di ny ta Click vo Extrude Domain tuong ung ri nhp kch thuoc vo Depth.
- More: Cho php ta dt thn cc thng s cho Poket.
- Second Limit: Cho php tao Pocket ca hai chiu. Trong chiu thu hai ta cung c cc lua chon ging
nhu chiu thu nht.
- Direction: Ta c th chon huong tao Pocket bng cch chon mt duong thng hoc mt mt phng.
Reverse Direcition: Dao nguoc chiu tao Pocket.
6/ Dar fted Filleted Pocket ( T o hc c v t mt b n v bo trn c c c nh )
(Mo file: Drafted Filleted Poket.CATPart)
Click vo Drafted Filleted Pocket trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Freature >
Drafted Filleted Pocket. Chon bin dang cua Poket. Hp thoai Drafted Filleted Pocket Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai: (xem lnh Drafted Filleted Pad )
7/ Shaft ( T o trc )
(Mo file Shaft1_R07.CATPart ).
Click vo Shaft trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Freature > Shaft. Hp thoai Shaft
Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a) Limits: Gioi han truc.
- Fist angle: Gc thu nht cua truc (Gi tri mc dinh l 360
0
).
- Second angle: Gc thu hai cua truc (Gi tri mc dinh l 0
0
).
Ch : Tng hai gc trn khng duoc lon hon 360
0
.
b) Profile: Bin dang.
- Selection: Chon bin dang cua truc. C th Click vo Sketch d tao mt bin dang moi hoc chinh
sua lai bin dang d chon.
- Reverse Side: Dao chiu tao truc.
c) Axis: Duong tm.
- Selection: Chon mt duong thng lm duong tm truc. Duong tm khng duoc ct Profile.
8/ Gr oove( T o r nh )
( Groove1_R07.CATPart ).
Groove l lnh tao mt vt th bng cch khot mt vt th c sn. Phn vt th bi khot di duoc tao bng
cch xoay mt bin dang quanh mt truc quay.
Click vo Groove trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Freature > Groove. Hp thoai Goove
Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai: (Xem lnh Shaft).
9/ Hole( T o l v i vtrx c nh )
(mo file Hole1_R04.CATPart)
Click vo Hole trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Feature > Hole. Sau d chon mt
phng cn tao Hole. Hp thoai Hole Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a)Trong Extension.
- Chon kiu kch thuoc cua l: Blind, Up to Next, Up to Last, Up to Plane, Up to Surface.(Tham khao thm
lnh Pocket).
- Diameter: Duong knh l.
- Depth: Chiu su l.
- Limit: Di tuong lm gioi han chiu su l. Lua chon ny su dung khi kiu kch thuoc l khng phai l
Blind.
- Offset: Khoang cch tu dy l dn di tuong gioi han chiu su l.
- Direction: Huong tao l. Direction c th l mt mt phng hoc mt duong thng.
- Bottom: Chon kiu cua dy l. Phng (Flat) hoc dy hnh chu V
(V-Botton).
- Angle: Nhp gc cua dy trong truong hop dy chu V.
- Positioning Sketch: Cho php dt vi tr chnh xc cua l. Khi Click vo biu tuong Sketch trong Positioning
Sketch m truong lm vic chuyn sang Sketch Workbench. Click vo dim tao tm l v di chuyn toi vi tr
thch hop. Click vo Exit Sketch Workbench trn thanh cng cu sau khi d xc dinh duoc tm l.
Ch : Ta c th xc dinh tm l bng cch dt cc rng buc (Constraints) cho tm l.
b) Trong Type: Ta chon cc kiu l khc nhau (xem hnh v duoi dy).
c) Thead Definition.
Thead Definition cho php ta tao ren cho l.
D tao thead ta phai xc nhn vo Threaded.
-Type: Chon kiu ren. Kiu ren c th do ta tu dt (No Standard) hoc ly theo ren tiu chun (Metric thin
pitch, Metric thick pitch )
- Thread Diameter: Duong knh ren.
- Hole Diameter: Duong knh l.
- Thread Depth: Chiu su ren.
- Hole Depth: Chiu su l.
- Pitch: Buoc ren.
- Right-Threaded: Ren phai.
- Left-Threaded: Ren tri.
10/ Rib ( T o gn )
(Mo file: Rib1_R04.CATPart).
Click vo Rib trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Features > Rib. Hp thoai Rib
Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai.
- Profile: Chon mt Sketch lm bin dang.
- Center curve: Chon mt duong trung tm cua Rib.
- Profile control: Diu khin bin dang cua Rib:
+ Keep Angle: Bin dang cua Rib vun gc voi duong trung tm.
+ Pulling Direction: Chon huong cho Rib l mt duong thng hoc mt mt phng. Nu huong duoc
chon l mt duong thng th bin dang cua Rib s song song voi duong thng duoc chon. Nu huong
duoc chon l mt mt phng th bin dang cu Rib s vung gc voi duong thng duoc chon.
+ Reference: Rib tao thnh s c dy trai di trn mt Reference. Bin dang cua Rib lun tao voi mt
Reference mt gc khng di.
Ch : Center curve phai nm trn mt Reference.
11/ Slot ( Ct part theo 1 - ng cong )
( Mo file Slot1_R04.CATPart)
Click vo Slot trn thanh cng cu . Hoc Insert > Sketch-Based Feature > Slot. Hp thoai Slot
Definition xut hin:
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Profile: Bin dang cua slot. Bin dang ny phai khp kn.
- Center cuve: Duong tm cua Slot.
- Profile control: Diu khin bin dang cua Slot.
+ Keep angle: Bin dang cua Slot lun vung gc voi Center cuve.
+ Pulling Direction: Nu Direction duoc chon l mt mt phng bin dang cua Slot s vung gc voi
Direction duoc chon. Nu Direction l duong thng, Direction s song song voi Direction.
+ Reference Surface: Bin dang cua Slot s lun giu mt gc khng di voi Reference Surface.
- Merge end: Slot s ko di cho dn khi ct ht vt th.
12/ Stiffener ( T o gn tr l c )
( Mo file Stiffener1_R08.CATPart)
Click vo Stiffener trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Feature > Stiffener. Hp thoai
Stiffener Definition xut hin:
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Mode: Kiu tao gn.
+From Side: Tao gn tu pha bn canh.
+ From Top: Tao gn tu pha trn.
- Thickness1: Chiu dy thu nht cho gn.
- Thickness2: Chiu dy thu hai cho gn.
- Netral Fiber: Neutral Fiber duoc chon th Thickness1 l chiu dy cua ca gn. Nu Neutral Fiber
khng duoc chon th Thickness1 l chiu dy mt bn cua gn, Thickness2 l chiu dy bn kia.
- Reverse Direction (Trong Thickness): Dao chiu tao chiu dy gn.
- Reverse Direction (Trong Depth): Dao nguoc chiu tao chiu su cua gn.
- Profile: Bin dang cua duong tao gn. Bin dang ny phai l mt Sketch. C th Click vo Sketch
trong Profile d dinh nghia mt Sketch cho gn hoc chon mt Sketch c sn.
13/ Multi-Sections Solid ( T o sol i d t nhi u mt phng v ph c qua mt - ng cong
chh- ng )
( Mo file Loft1_R04.CATPart)
Lnh Loft cho php tao cc m hnh c hnh dang phuc tap bng cch ni cc bin dang trn cc mt phng.
Lnh Loft khng han ch s bin dang v phc. Nhung ch cc bin dang phai duoc sp xp sao cho khi
vt th tao thnh th cc b mt cua vt th khng duoc giao nhau.
Khi su dung lnh Loft th cc bin dang khng duoc nm trn cung mt mt phng.
Click vo Loft trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Freature > Loft. Hp thoai Loft
Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a) Selection: Chon cc bin dang d tao Loft.
b) Guider: Chon duong dn tao Loft. Cc duong dn phai ct cc duong bin dang.
- Add : Dt ch d thm mt duong dn cho Loft. Khi ch d ny duoc kch hoat th mt duong cong duoc
chon s thm vo danh sch cc duong dn cho Loft.
- Remove : Loai bot duong dn. Chon duong dn mun loai bot ri Click vo Remove.
- Replace : Thay th mt duong dn bng mt duong dn khc. Click vo duong dn mun thay th trong
danh sch Guider, Click vo Replace ri chon duong dn thay th.
c) Spline: Chon duong dn cho Loft l mt Spline. Spline ny c th ct hoc khng ct cc bin dang. Nu
ch d Computed spline duoc kch hoat th cc bin dang cua Loft s tu dng tao cc spline khi ta khng
chon duong dn cho n.
d) Coupling: Cc bin dang cua Loft duoc ni voi nhau boi cc duong ni bin dang. Cc duong ny c th
trng hoc khng trng voi cc duong dn. Coupling cho php ta dinh nghia cc duong ni bin dang.
- Selection coupling: Chon kiu ni cc bin dang.
+ Ratio: Cc duong ni bin dang l cc duong ni cc dim theo ty l chiu di cua bin dang.
+ Tangency: Mi doan cua bin dang l mt dy cc duong tip tuyn voi nhau. Lua chon Tangency tao
cc duong ni bin dang l cc duong ni cc dinh tuong ung cua cc doan ny. Nu cc bin dang
khng c cng s doan th lua chon ny khng th thuc hin duoc.
+ Tangency then Curvetive: Mi doan cua bin dang l cc duong cong lin tip hoc cc duong tip
tuyn voi nhau. Lua chon ny tao cc duong ni bin dang l cc duong ni cc dinh tuong ung cua cc
doan.. Nu cc bin dang khng c cng s doan th lua chon ny khng th thuc hin duoc.
+ Vertices: Mi doan cua bin dang duoc chia boi cc dinh (Vertices).
Cc duong ni bin dang l cc duong chay qua cc dinh cua bin dang.. Nu cc bin dang khng c
cng s doan th lua chon ny khng th thuc hin duoc.
- Coupling: Tu dinh nghia duong ni cc bin dang. Click chut vo vng mu trng trong Coupling.
Chon cc dim tuong ung trn cc bin dang.
- Display coupling curves: Hin hoc n cc duong ni cc bin dang.
d) Relimitation:
- Loft relimited on start section: Loft tao thnh s duoc gioi han boi mt phng cua bin dang du tin.
- Loft relimited on end section: Loft tao thnh s duoc gioi han boi mt phng cua bin dang cui cng.
- Nu khng chon cc lua chon ny th cc bin dang s duoc gioi han boi cc duong dn.
14/ Removed Multi-Section Sol id ( Khot rng sol i d t mt m hnh Mul ti Secti on-
Sol i d )
( Mo file RemoveLoft1_R04.CATPart)
Lnh Remove Loft cho php tao m hnh bng cch khot mt m hnh c sn. M hnh dng d khot duoc
tao bng cch ni cc bin dang trn cc mt phng.
Click vo Remove Loft trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Sketch-Based Freature > Remove Loft.
Hp thoai Remove Loft Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:( Xem lnh Loft).
i i / s d n g t h a n h c n g c d r ess-u p f ea t u r es
1/ Edge Fillet ( Bo trn 1 bmt )
(Mo file Edge_Fillet1_R07.CATPart).
Click vo Edge Fillet trn thanh cng cu, Hoc Click vo Insert > Dress-Up Features > Edge Fillet.
Hp thoai Edge Fillet Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Radius: Bn knh cho gc luon.
- Object to fillet: Chon di tuong cn Fillet. Di tuong cn fillet c th l mt canh, mt mt, hoc nhiu
canh, nhiu mt khc nhau.
- Propagation: Chon kiu truyn fillet cho cc canh ni tip nhau:
+Tangency: cc canh lin k nhau v tip tuyn voi nhau s duoc chon tt nu ta chon mt trong s cc canh
d.
+Minimal: Trong mt s truong hop, chi mt s trong cc canh tip tuyn voi nhau s duoc chon.
- More: Nhp thm cc thng s cho hp thoai:
Click vo More, hp thoai Edge Fillet Definition s c dang nhu duoi dy:
- Edge to keep: Trong mt vi truong hop, bn knh cua mt canh Fillet qu lon, anh huong toi ca cc canh
khc. Trong truong hop ny ta c th xc dinh canh cn giu lai. Fillet s dung lai o canh d.
- Limiting element: Chon di tuong lm gioi han cho lnh fillet, di tuong ny phai l mt mt phng.
- Trim Ribbons: Su dung khi c su chn ln nhau giua hai canh fillet k nhau.
2/ Var iable Radius Fillet ( Bo trn 1 bmt v i nhng gi trb n knh kh c nhau )
Variable Fillet cho php ta tao Fillet voi cc bn khc nhau trn cng mt canh Fillet. Khi click vo
Variable Radius Fillet trn thanh cng cu. Hoc Click vo Insert > Dress-Up Features > Vafiable
Radius Fillet. Hp thoai Variable Edge Fillet hin ra :
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Radius: Bn knh cn Fillet.
- Edge(s) to Fille: Chon cc canh cn Fillet.
- Chon kiu truyn Fillet trong Propagation: Tangency, hoc Minimal.
- Points: Thm mt dim fillet. Click vo Points ri Click ln mt vi tr trn canh cn Fillet. Double Click
vo bn knh cn thay di v nhp bn knh vo hp thoai Parameter Definition. Hoc Click chut vo bn
knh cn thay di ri nhp bn knh vo Radius.
- Variation: Chon kiu bin di giua cc bn knh Fillet: Cubic hoc Linear.
- More: Nhp thm cc thng s cho hp thoai hp thoai.
Click vo More hp thoai Variable Edge Fillet c dang nhu sau:
- Circle Fillet: Chon huong cho cc duong trn Fillet.
Khi ct ngang mt canh Fillet ta thy tit din cua cc canh Fillet ny l cc cung trn, bnh thuong cc
cung trn ny vung gc voi canh cn Fillet. Circle Fillet cho php ta diu khin huong cua cc cung trn
ny bng cch chon mt duong thng. Cc cung trn ny s vung gc voi duong thng duoc chon.
- Trim Robbins, Edge to keep, v Limiting Element ging nhu trong lnh Edge Fillet.
3/ Chamfer ( V t bmt )
Click Chamfer trn thanh cng cu. Hoc Click vo Insert > Dress-Up Features > Chamfert.
Hp thoai Chamfer Definition xut hin:
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Mode:
+Length1/ Angle: Tao chamfer bng cch nhp mt chiu di v gc.
+Length1/ Length2: Tao chamfer bng cch nhp hai chiu di.
- Length: Nhp chiu di.
- Angle: Nhp gc.
- Object(s) to chamfer: Chon di cc tuong cn chamfer.
- Propagation: Chon kiu truyn anh huon cua chamfer, ging nhu trong Fillet.
- Revese: Dao nguoc huong chanfer.
4/ Dr aft Angle( V t bmt v i 1 gc )
(Mo File : Draft.CATPart).
Vt mt tao nn, chp thuong duoc su dung voi cc chi tit dc d d tho khun.
Click vo Draft Angle trn thanh cng cu. Hoc Click vo Insert > Dress-Up Features > Draft Angle.
Hp thoai Draft Defination xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Angle : Gc cn Draft.
- Face(s) to draft: Chon cc mt cn Draft.
- Neutral element: Mt trung gian.
- Propagation: Kiu anh huong cua Neutral: None hoc Smooth. Lua chon Smooth su dung khi Neutral
l mt cong.
- Pulling Direction: Chon mt phng xc dinh huong v gc Draft.
- More: Click vo more, hp thoai Draft Definition c dang nhu sau:
- Parting Element: Chon di tuong chia d ta vt xung quanh di tuong ny. Di tuong chia phai l mt
mt phng, n c th l Neutral hoc do nguoi dng tu chon. Nu l Neutral ta c th Draft ca hai
pha di tuong chia Draft both sides.
- Draft Form: Chon dang cua draft.Cone hoc Square.
5/ Var iable Angle Dr aft ( V t bmt v i nhng gc kh c nhau )
Click vo Variable Draft trn thanh cng cu. Hoc Click vo Insert > Dress-Up Features > Variable
Draft . Hp thoai Draft Defination xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Angle : Gc cn Draft.
- Face(s) to draft: Chon cc mt cn Draft.
- Points : Chon dim d dt gc Draft. Dim ny c th chon bng cch chon mt mt phng ct nhau
voi mt Draft. Hoc chon mt dim. D thay di gc cua Draft tai mt dim no dy, ta Click chut
tri ln gc tai dim y v nhp gi tri gc trong Angle.
- Neutral element: (Xem lnh Draft Angle).
- Propagation: (Xem lnh Draft Angle).
- Pulling Direction: (Xem lnh Draft Angle).
- Parting element: (Xem lnh Draft Angle).
- Draft Form: (Xem lnh Draft Angle).
6/ Shell ( T o v )
Tao vo bng cch khot rng chi tit, d ho mt d chon, v tao thnh mong trong cc mt cn lai.
Click vo Shell trn thanh cng cu. Hoc chon Insert > Dress-Up Freature > Shell. Hp thoai Shell
Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Default inside thickness: Chiu dy mc dinh cho pha trong.
- Default outside thickness: Chiu dy mc dinh cho pha ngoi.
- Face to remove: Mt d ho.
- Other thickness faces: Chon mt mt c chiu dy khc voi chiu dy mc dinh d chon. Sau khi
chon xong mt th Double-Click vo kch thuoc cua mt vua chon d nhp chiu dy.
7/ Thickness ( T o chi u dy cho 1 mt phng )
(Mo file:Thickness1_R04. CATPart)
Cng cu thichness dng d dt chiu dy cho mt mt cua di tuong.
Click vo Thichness trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Dress-Up Freature > Thichness.
Hp thoai Thichness Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Default thickness: Chiu dy mc dinh cho mt.
- Default thickness faces: Chon cc mt d dt chiu dy mc dinh.
- Other thickness faces: Chon cc mt d dt chiu dy khc.
8/ Thr ead/Tap ( T o ren cho 1 mt tr )
( Mo file: Thread_R06.CATPart ).
Cng cu Thread/ Tap dng d tao ren trn mt mt tru c sn.
Click vo Thread/ Tap trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Dress-Up Freatures > Thread/ Tap. Hp thoai
Thread/ Tap Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a) Geometrical Definition.
- Lateral face: Chon mt tru dng d tao ren.
- Limit Face: Chon mt gioi han cua ren.
- Revese Direction: Tao ren theo chiu nguoc lai.
b) Numerical Definition:
- Type: Chon kiu tao ren.
+ No standard: Ren khng theo tiu chun, cc kch thuoc cua ren do nguoi dng tu dt.
+ Metric thin pitch: Ren h mt buoc ren nho.
+ Metric thick pitch: Ren h mt buoc ren lon.
- Thread Diameter: Duong knh ren (Nhp duong knh ren trong truong hop ren khng tiu chun).
- Support Diameter: Duong knh mt tru (Duong knh mt tru khng thay di duoc).
- Thread Depth: Chiu su ren.
- Support Height: Chiu cao mt tru cn tao ren.
- Pitch: Buoc ren.
Ch :
+Nu tao ren trong th duong knh ren (Thread Diameter) phai lon hon duong knh l (support diameter).
+Nu tao ren ngoi th duong knh ren (Thread Diameter) phai bng duong knh mt tru (support
diameter).
+Sau khi tao ren th chuong trnh khng th hin hnh anh cua ren trn di tuong tuy nhin biu tuong cua
Thread/Tap vn hin trn specification tree.
i i i / s d n g t h a n h c n g c su r f a c e-ba sed f ea t u r es
1/ Split
( Mo file: Split1_R04.CATPart ).
Cng cu Split dng d tao di tuong bng cch ct di mt di tuong boi mt mt, mt nua cua di tuong
duoc giu lai, nua kia bi loai di.
Click vo Split trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Surface-Based Freatures > Split. Chon mt dng
lm di tuong ct. Hp thoai Split Definition xut hin.
Trong hp thoai Split Definition, mt vua chon lm mt chia xut hin trong Splitting Element.
Click vo mui tn xut hin trn mt chia d ly giu lai nua khc cua di tuong.
2/ Thick Sur face
( ThickSurface_R09.CATPart ).
Cng cu Thick Surface dng d tao mt vt th bng cch dt chiu dy cho mt mt.
Trn thanh cng cu chon Thick Surface. Hoc vo Insert > Surface-Based Freatures > Thick Surface. Chon
mt cn tao d dy. Hp thoai Thick Surface Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Fist offset: Chiu dy thu nht.
- Second offset: Chiu dy thu hai.
- Object to offset: Chon mt cn dt d dy. (Mt vua chon d xut hin trong hp thoai ny).
- Revese Direction: Dao nguoc pha tao chiu dy.
3/ Close Sur face
( CloseSurface1_R04.CATPart ).
Cng cu Close surface dng d tao di tuong bng cch dng kn mt mt d tao thnh mt khi dc.
Click vo Close Surface trn thanh cng cu. Hoc Insert > Surface-Based Freatures > Close Surface. Chon
mt cn dng kn. Hp thoai Close Surface Definition xut hin.
Object to close: Chon mt cn dng kn.(mt vua chon xut hin trong Object to close).
i v / s d n g t h a n h c n g c t r a n sf o r ma t i o n f ea t u r es
1/ Tr anslation
(Mo file: Rotate1_R04.CATPart).
Cng cu Translate dng d di chuyn mt di tuong.
Click vo Translation trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures >
Translation.Chuong trnh hin ra mt hp thoai:
Click vo Yes d thuc hin tip lnh Translation. Hp thoai Translate Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Direction: Chon huong di chuyn cho di tuong. Huong di chuyn cua di tuong c th l mt duong
thng hoc mt mt phng. Nu l duong thng th vt s di chuyn doc theo phuong cua duong
thng. Nu l mt phng th vt s di chuyn theo phuong vung gc voi mt phng.
- Distance: Khoang di chuyn.
2/ Mir r or
Cng cu Mirror dng d tao moi mt vt th tu mt vt th c sn bng cch ly di xung n qua mt
mt phng.
Click vo Mirror trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures > Mirror. Click vo mt
phng di xung. Hp thoai Mirror Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
Mirroring element: Mt phng di xung.
Object to mirror: Di tuong cn ly di xung. ny chi mang tnh cht thng bo v lnh Mirror lun chon
Current Solid lm di tuong ly di xung.
3/ Rectangular Patter n
Mf i l e (RectangularPattern1_R04.CATPart).
Cnh cu Rectangular Pattern cho php tao nhanh nhiu di tuong mt lc tu mt di tuong c sn, hoc
nhiu dc dim cua di tuong. Cc di tuong(dc dim) moi duoc sp xp theo ct v theo hng. Click vo
Rectangular Pattern trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures > Rectangular Pattern.
Hp thoai Rectangular Pattern Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
a1) First Direction:(Huong thu nht).
- Parameters: Chon kiu nhp cc thng s:
+ Istance(s) & Spacing: Kiu nhp thng s l s di tuong moi v khoang cch giua cc di tuong d.
+ Instance(s) & Length: S di tuong moi v chiu di tu di tuong ban du dn di tuong cui cng.
+ Spacing & Length: Khoang cch giua cc di tuong v chiu di tu di tuong du dn di tuong cui. (S
luong cc di tuong tao thnh s bng phn nguyn cua php chia: Length / Spacing).
a2) Second Direction: ( Huong thu hai). Cc thng s nhp hon ton ging huong thu nht.
b) Reference Direction:
- Reference element: Chon duong thng lm huong tao vt th.
- Reverse: Dao nguoc huong tao vt th.
c) Object to Pattern:( Di tuong dng d thuc hin lnh).
- Di tuong dng d thuc hin lnh c th l ton b vt th hoc l mt dc dim no d cua vt th.
- Keep Specifications: Giu cc thng s cua di tuong gc trn cc di tuong moi.
d) More.(Dt thn cc thng s).
Click vo More, hp thoai Rectangular Pattern Definition c dang nhu sau:
- Row in direction 1: Vi tr cua di tuong trong huong thu nht.
- Row in direction 2: Vi tr cua dit tuong trong huong thu hai.
- Rotation angle: Nhp gc quay cho cc huong tao di tuong.
4/ Cir cular Par ter n
(Mo file: CircularPattern1_R04.CATPart)
Cng cu ny c tc dung sao chp mt di tuong hoc mt dc dim cua di tuong thnh nhiu di tuong
hoc dc dim khc nhau v duoc sp xp theo mt duong trn.
Click vo Circular Pattern trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures >
Circular Pattern. Hp thoai Circular Pattern Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai :
a) Axial Reference :
- Parameters: Chon kiu nhp cc thng s:
+ Instances & total angle: Tng s cc di tuong v gc tng th.
+ Instance(s) & angular spacing: Tng s cc di tuong v gc giua cc di tuong.
+ Angular spacing & total angle: Gc giua cc di tuong v gc tng th. (S di tuong tao thnh s bng
phn nguyn cua php chia: Total angle/ Angular spacing).
+ Complete crown: Gc tng th bng 360
0
.
b) Reference Direction : Chon huong tao di tuong.
Nu huong tao di tuong l mt mt phng th cc di tuong tao thnh s nm trn mt phng song song
voi mt phng d chon.
Nu huong tao di tuong l mt duong thng th duong thng d s l duong tm cua php quay.
c) Object to Pattern: Chon di tuong thuc hin lnh.
- Di tuong thuc hin lnh c th l ca di tuong hoc mt dc dim cua di tuong.
- Keep Specifications: Giu cc thng s cua di tuong gc trn cc di tuong moi.
d) Crown Definition :
Dt cc thng s cho cc vng trn tao di tuong.
- Parameters: Cch dt cc thng s cho cc vng trn tao di tuong.
+ Circles & Spacing: S luong cc duong trn v khoang cch giua cc duong trn.
+ Circles & Crown thickness: S luong cc duong trn v tng khoang cch giua cc duong trn.
+ Circle spacing & crown thickness: Khoang cch giua cc duong trn v tng khoang cch giua cc
duong trn.
e) More : Dt thm cc thng s .
+ Row in angular direction: Vi tr cua di tuong theo phuong tao gc xoay.
+ Row in radian direction: Vi tr cua di tuong theo phuong bn knh.
+ Rotation angle: Quay ton b cc di tuong theo huong tao gc xoay.
+ Radial alignment of instances: Xoay mi di tuong theo phuong bn knh.
5/ User Par ter n
(Mo file: UserPattern1_R06.CATPart).
Cng cu User Pattern c chuc nng sao chp di tuong, hoc dc dim cua di tuong thnh nhiu di tuong
hoc dc dim, v dt chng tai cc dim cua mt Sketch do ta lua chon.
Click vo User Pattern trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures > User
Pattern. Hp thoai User Pattern Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Positions: Chon mt Sketch d xc dinh vi tr cho cc di tuong duoc tao thnh. Mi dim c trong
Sketch duoc chon s c mt di tuong.
- Number: Gi tri trong ny thng bo s luong cc di tuong duoc tao thnh. Ta khng thay di
duoc gi tri ny.
- Object: Chon di tuong dng d thuc hin lnh. Khi thuc hin lnh User Pattern, chuong trnh s tu
dng chon di tuong gc l Current Solid. Tuy nhin ta c th chon lai di tuong gc bng cch Click
vo Object ri chon di tuong gc.
- Anchor: D thay di vi tr cua ton b Pattern ta c th chon mt dinh hay mt dim lm neo. Ton
b Pattern s dich chuyn mt doan theo vc to tu dim neo dn tm cua di tuong gc.
- Keep Specifications: Giu cc thng s cua di tuong gc trn cc di tuong moi.
6/ Symmetr y
Cng cu Symmetry dng d ly di xung mt vt qua mt mt phng di xung.
Click vo Symmetry trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures > Symmetry.
Chuong trnh xut hin hp thoai:
Click vo Yes d tip tuc thuc hin lnh Symmetry. Hp thoai Symmetry Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Reference: Chon mt phng di xung.
7 / Scaling
(Mo file: Scaling1_R04.CATPart)
Cng cu Scaling cho php tao di tuong moi bng cch phng to hoc thu nho mt di tuong c sn.
Click vo Scale trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Hoc vo Insert > Transfomation Freatures > Scaling. Hp
thoai Scaling Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Reference: Chon di tuong lm tm cua lnh Scale. Di tuong d c th l mt mt phng hoc mt dim.
- Ratio: Ty l cua di tuong moi so voi di tuong gc.
8/ Constr aints
( Mo file: Constrain.CATPart).
_ Constraint .
Click vo Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Constraints > Contraint.
Click vo di tuong cn dt rng buc. Ty theo loai di tuong ta lua chon, chuong trnh s tu tao rng buc
thch hop cho cc di tuong.
V du:
- Nu di tuong duoc chon l mt duong thng th rng buc tao thnh l chiu di cua duong thng d.
- Nu di tuong duoc chon l hai duong thng th rng buc tao thnh s l khoang cch giua hai duong
thng hoc gc giua hai duong thng d.
- Nu di tuong duoc tao chon l hai mt phng th rng buc duoc tao thnh s l khoang cch giua hai mt
phng d nu chng song song hoc l gc giua hai mt phng nu chng khng song song voi nhau.
Ch : Nu chon cc di tuong cng nm trn mt khi vt th th gi tri cua cc rng buc khng th thay
di duoc (kch thuoc cua rng buc s nm trong ngoc don).
1. Constraints Definition in a dialog box.
2. Chon cc di tuong cn dt rng buc ri Click vo Constraints Definition in a dialog box trn thanh
cng cu. Hp thoai Constraints Definition in a dialog box xut hin.
Tuy thuc vo loai di tuong duoc chon ta c cc rng buc khc tuong ung:
- Distance: Rng buc v khoang cch.
- Length: Rng buc v chiu di.
- Angle: Rng buc v gc.
- Fix/Unfix: Dt c dinh cc vt.
- Coincidence: Dt cc di tuong trng nhau.
- Parallelism: Dt cc di tuong song song voi nhau.
- Perpendicularity: Dt cc di tuong vung gc voi nhau.
9/ Annotations
D th hin mt ban v, nhiu khi vic ghi mt vi kch thuoc cho di tuong l chua du. Cng cu
Annotations cho php nguoi dng dt cc ghi ch truc tip ln di tuong gip nguoi thit k th hin ban v
mt cch r rng hon.
_ Text with Leader .
Cng cu Text with Leader dng d dt ghi ch voi mt dng chu c mui tn chi vo di tuong cn ghi ch.
Click vo Text with Leader trn thanh cng cu. Click vo di tuong cn dt ghi ch. Hp thoai Text
Editor xut hin.
Ghi ch cho di tuong trong hp thoai Text Editor.
_ Flag Note with Leader .
Cng cu Flag Note with Leader cho php tao mt co bo ln di tuong. Co bo ny c lin kt voi mt file
du liu bn ngoi. Ta c th mo file du liu ny thng qua co bo.
Click vo Text with Leader trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Anotation > Text with Leader. Click
vo di tuong cn ghi ch. Hp thoai Manage Hyperlink xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Name: Tn cua co bo. Tn ny c th nhn thy trn ban v.
- URL: Dt file cn lin kt.
Click vo Browse, chuong trnh xut hin hp thoai Link to file. Trong hp thoai ny ta chon File du liu
cn lin kt. Danh sch cc file lin kt xut hin trong Link to File or URL.
- Goto: Mo mt file d c trong danh sch file lin kt.
Chon file cn mo ri Click vo Goto.
- Remove: Loai mt file ra khoi danh sch lin kt.
- Edit: Thay di file trong danh sch lin kt bng mt file khc.
v / s d n g t h a n h c n g c r ef er en c e el emen t s
1/ point ( T o i m )
Click vo Point trn thanh cng cu Reference elements extended.(Khng c trn menu Insert). Hp thoai
Point Definition xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
*Point type: Kiu tao dim.
C nhiu cch d tao mt dim trong CATIA, tuy nhin trong phn ny chng ta chi tm hiu mt s cch tao
dim duoc su dung nhiu trong vic thit k Part. Cc lua chon khc s duoc tm hiu k trong phn II cua
chuong trnh.
a)Coordinates: Tao dim bng cch nhp toa d dim.
+X, Y, Z: Toa d cua dim cn tao so voi dim gc.
+Reference: Chon mt dim lm dim gc cho dim cn tao. Nu khng chon dim gc th chuong trnh s
tu chon dim gc l gc cua h truc toa d .
b)On curve: Tao dim nm trn mt duong cong.
Khi chon kiu tao dim l On curve, hp thoai Point Definition c dang nhu sau:
- Curve: Chon duong cong cn tao dim tr d.
- Distance on curve: Khoang cch tu du mt cua duong cong dn dim cn tao. Nu chon lua chon
ny th nhp khoang cch vo Length.
- Ratio of curve length: Ty l cua chiu di tu du mt cua duong cong dn dim cn tao so voi chiu
di duong cong. Nu chon lua chon ny th nhp ty l vo Ratio.
- Geodesic: Chiu di tu du mt cua duong cong toi dim cn tao duoc do doc theo duong cong.
- Euclidean: Chiu di tu du mt cua duong cong toi dim cn tao l khoang cch tu du mt toi dim
cn tao.
- Nearest extreme: Tao dim trng voi mt trong hai du mt gn voi dim hin tai nht.
- Middle Point: Tao dim nm giua duong cong.
- Reference: Chon mt dim lm dim gc.
- Reverse Direction: dao nguoc chiu tao dim.
- Repeat object after OK: Lp lai qu trnh tao dim sau khi Click OK.
2/ line ( T o - ng thng )
Click vo Line trn thanh cng cu.(Khng c trong menu Insert). Hp thoai Line Definition xut
hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
*Line type: Kiu tao duong thng.
C nhiu cch tao duong thng khc nhau, tuy nhin trong phn ny chng ta chi tm hiu mt s cch tao
duong thng hay dng trong thit k Part. Cc phuong php khc s duoc tm hiu k o phn II cua chuong
trnh.
a) Point-Point: Tao duong thng bng cch ni hai dim.
- Point 1: Chon dim thu nht cua duong thng.
- Point 2: Chon dim thu hai cua duong thng.
- Support: Chon mt cong chua Point 1 v Point 2 nu mun duong tao thnh l duong cong nm trn
mt cong d.
- Start: Khoang cch tu du mt cua duong thng dn Point 1.
- End: Khoang cch tu dim cui cua duong thng dn Point 2.
- Mirror extent: Dt chiu di trong Start bng End.
b) Point Direction: Tao duong thng bng cch chon mt dim v huong tao duong thng.
- Point: Chon dim xut pht cua duong thng.
- Derection: Chon huong cua duong thng bng cch chon mt duong thng khc hoc mt mt phng.
- Support: (xem Point-Point)
- Start:(xem Point-Point)
- End: (xem Point-Point)
- Mirror extent: (xem Point-Point)
- Reverse Direction: Dao nguoc chiu duong thng.
3/ plane( T o mt phng )
Click vo Plane trn thanh cng cu. Hp thoai Plane Definition xut hin:
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
* Plane type: Kiu tao mt phng.
C nhiu cch d tao mt mt phng, trong phn ny chng ta chi tm hiu mt s cch dng nhiu trong
thit k Part. Cc cch khc s duoc tm hiu k trong phn II.
a) Offset from plane: Tao mt phng song song voi mt phng khc.
- Reference: Chon mt phng gc.
- Offset: Khoang cch tu mt phng cn tao dn mt phng gc.
- Revese Direction : Dao chiu tao mt phng.
- Repeat object after OK: Lp lai qu trnh tao mt phng sau khi Click OK.
b) Paralell through point: Tao mt phng di qua mt dim v song song voi mt phng khc.
- Reference: Mt phng gc.
- Point: Chon dim mt phng s di qua.
c)Nomal to curve: Tao mt phng vung gc voi mt duong cong.
- Cuve: Chon duong cong.
- Point: Chon dim m mt phng s di qua.(Nu khng chon th dim mc dinh l trung dim cua duong
cong).
v i / s d n g CHC NANG DMU MEASURE :
1/ Cong cuMesure Between :
Cng cu measure between dng d do khoang cch v gc giua cc dt. Cc dt c th dng d do l cc
mt, cc duong v cc dim.
Cl vo Measure Between trn thanh cng cu. Hc vo Analyze-> Measure Between. Ht
Measure Between xh.
Sd:
a. Chon kiu kch thuoc:
- Between: Cc kch thuoc dc lp voi nhau.
- Chain: Cc kt c mi lin h voi nhau, dim cui cua kt thu nht l dim du cua kt sau.
- Fan: Cc kt chung nhau mt dim du.
- Measure item: Khi cl vo measure item, hp thoai measure item xh.
Cch su dung ht measure item: (Xem phn sau).
b. Selection1 Mode:
- Any geometry: Cho php chon tt ca cc di tuong: mt, canh, dim
Vi tr bt dim d ghi kch thuoc nm trn di tuong. Ch d ny dc kch hoat mc dinh.
- Any geometry, infinite: Chon tt ca cc di tuong: mt, canh, dimVi tr dt kch thuoc khng nht thit
phai nm trn di tuong.
- Picking Point: Dng con tro tao mt dim.
- Point Only: Chi chon dc cc dt l cc dim.
- Edge Only: Chi chon dc cc dt l cc canh, duong.
- S Only: Chi chon dc cc dt l cc mt.
- Picking Axis: Dng con tro cl ln mn hnh d tao mt truc (Axis). Truc tao thnh c phuong vung gc
voi mn hnh.
- Intersection: Chon mt dim l giao dim cua hai canh hoc giua mt canh voi mt mt.
- Edge limits: Chon dim ghi kt l mt trong hai du mt cua mt canh.
- Arc center: Chon dim ghi kt l tm cua mt cung trn.
- Coordinate: Tao mt dim ghi kt bng cch nhp cc tao d.
c. Selection2 mode: (cc lua chon ging voi Selection1 mode).
d. Calculation Mode: Chon kiu tnh ton gi tri cua kt tao thnh.
- Exact else approximate: Kch thuoc tao thnh c gi tri chnh xc nu khng tnh duoc gi tri chnh xc
chuong trnh s th hin gi tri xp xi.
- Exact: Kch thuoc chnh xc.
- Approximate: Kch thuoc xp xi.
e. Keep Measure: Giu lai kch thuoc vua tao.
f. Customize: Chon cc thng s cua kch thuoc cn hin thi. Cc thng s ny xh trong Result.
Khi cl vo Customize, ht Measure Between Customization xh.
- Minimum distance: Hin thi kch thuoc nho nht trn mn hnh.
- Angle: Hin thi gc giua cc dt (nu c).
- Components: Hin thi gi tri cua kch thuoc khi chiu ln cc truc toa d.
- Point1: Hin thi toa d cua dim thu nht cua kch thuoc.
- Point2: Hin thi toa d cua dim thu hai cua kch thuoc.
g. Other Axis: Chon mt h truc toa d d th hin cc thng s cua khch thuoc.
2 / Measur e I tem
Cng c Measure Item dng d do cc kch thuc: Chiu di, din tch, chu vi, th tchv xc
d|nh v| tr cua di tung.
Cl vo Measure Item trn thanh cng cu. Ht Measure Item xh.
Cl vo Customize, hp thoai Measure item Customize xh. Trong hp thoai c rt nhiu cc lua chon d
m ta cc thng s cua di tuong.
3/ Measur e I ner tia
Cng cu Measure Inertia dng d do m men qun tnh cua cc mt hoc cc vt th c th tch.
Cl vo Measure Inertia trn thanh cng cu, ht Measure Inertia xh.
Cl vo di tuong cn do, ht Measure Inertia hin thi cc thng s cua vt th vua chon.
- Keep Measure: D giu lai kt qua do trn mn hnh.
- Customize: Lua chon cc thng s cn hin thi.
- Export: Xut kt qua ra mt file du liu.
c h - ng v i : l p r p c c c h i t i t
( assembl y desi g n )
i / g i i t h i u v a ssembl y d esi g n w o r k ben c h
Trong phn Sketch v Part Design chng ta d duoc tm hiu phuong php d thit k mt chi
tit. Trong phn ny chng ta s tm hiu cch ghp ni cc chi tit voi nhau d hon thin ban v
bng Assembly Design Workbench.
D vo Assembly Design Workbench trn menu chon: Start -> Mechanical Design -> Assembly
Design.
Assembly Design Workbench xut hin. Chng ta c th thy Product1 xut hin trn Specification
Tree.
i i / c n g c t r o n g a ssembl y d esi g n w o r ben c h
1/ M 1 bn v Assembly
Click vo open trn thanh cng cu hoc vo File > Open
Hp thoai File selection xut hin. Trong hp thoai File Selection ta chon duong dn v chon File c
dui *.CATProduct.
2/ Cng c Define Multi-I nstanti ation
Cung tuong tu nhu lnh Rectangle Pattern trong phn Part Design, Cng cu Dm dng d tao cc di
tuong bng cch copy mt di tuong theo mt phuong xc dinh.
_ Click vo Multi-Instantiation trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Dm. Hp thoai Multi Instantate
xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai :
- Component to Instantiate : Chon di tuong thuc hin lnh.
- Prameters: Chon kiu nhp thng s.
+ Instance(s) & Spacing: Nhp s di tuong v khoang cch giua cc di tuong (1).
+ Instance(s) & Length: Nhp s di tuong v khoang chiu di tu di tuong gc dn di tuong cui
(2).
+ Spacing & Length: Nhp khoang cch giua cc di tuong v chiu di tu di tuong gc dn di
tuong cui (3).
- New Instance(s): S luong cc di tuong cn tao moi. Su dung ny khi kiu nhp thng s l
kiu (1) hoc kiu (2).
- Spacing: Khoang cch giua cc di tuong. Su dung ny khi kiu nhp thng s l kiu (1) hoc
kiu (3).
- Length: Chiu di tu di tuong gc dn di tuong cui. Su dung ny khi kiu nhp thng s l
kiu (2) hoc kiu (3).
- Axis: Chon mt truc toa d lm huong tao cc di tuong moi.
- OR Select Element: Chon mt duong thng lm huong tao di tuong moi.
- Reverse: Dao nguoc huong vua chon.
- Result: Hp thoai thng bo vector don vi cua phuong tao di tuong. V du nu phuong tao di
tuong l X th vector don vi tao di tuong l: (1, 0, 0). Nu phuong tao di tuong l Y th gi tri
cua vc to tao di tuong l: (0, 1, 0) vvTa c th nhp phuong tao di tuong vo ny.
- Define As Default: Giu lai cc thng s d thuc hin lnh Fast Multi- Istantiation.
Ch : Mi ln Click vo Apply l mt ln thuc hin lnh nhung hp thoai vn mo cho php ta thuc
hin tip cc lnh khc.
3/ Cng c Fast Multi-I nstantiation
Sau khi thuc hin lnh Dm v lua chon Define As Default, Click vo Fast Multi-Instantiation
trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Fast Multi-Instance. Sau d chon di tuong cn thuc hin lnh th
ngay lp tuc cc di tuong moi duoc tao thnh theo cc thng s cua lnh Dm vua thuc hin.
C. Cc rng buc (Constraints) trong Assembly Design Workbench.
Trong mt ban v Assembly, cc rng buc duoc su dung d sp dt cc chi tit v dng vi tr cua n
trong ban v, cung nhu dt mi quan h vi tr giua cc chi tit.
i i i / QU N L C c r n g bu c ( c o n st r a i n t s )
t r o n g a ssembl y d esi g n w o r ben c h
1/ Mt s l- u khi s dng contr aints
_ Chng ta chi c th dt Constraints giua hai di tuong con cua mt di tuong dang lm vic (Active
Component).
Mt Active Component s c mu xanh luc trn Specification Tree.
Ch : D kch hoai mt di tuong thnh di tuong lm vic ta Double Click ln di tuong d.
_ Khng th dt rng buc giua cc thnh phn cua cng mt di tuong.
_ Khng th dt rng buc giua cc nhm chi tit con trong cng mt nhm chi tit nu nhm chi tit
d khng phai l di tuong dang lm vic.
V du: Trn hnh v duoi dy ta c th thy di tuong dang lm vic l Product B.
(1). Cc di tuong khng thuc cng mt di tuong lm vic do d khng th dt rng buc.
(2). Cc di tuong thuc cng mt nhm chi tit nhung nhm chi tit d khng phai l nhm chi tit
dang lm vic.
(3). Product C v Product D l di tuong con cua Product B l di tuong dang lm vic do d c th
dt rng buc.
_ Cc biu tuong cua cc rng buc:
Constraints
Symbol used
in the geometry area
Symbol displayed
in the specification tree
Coincidence
Contact
Contact
(point)
Contact
(line)
Offset
Angle
Planar Angle
Parallelism
Perpendicularity
Fix
2/ Rng buc c c i t- ng tr ng nhau ( Coi nci dence Constrai nt )
(Mo file: Constraint1. CATProduct).
Coincidence Constraints dng d dt cc di tuong trng nhau.
Bang cc di tuong c th dt Coincidence Constraints:
Point Line Plane
Planar
Face
Sphere
(point)
Cylinder
(axis)
Point
Line
Plane
Planar
Face
Sphere
(point)
Cylinder
(axis)
_ Click vo Coincidence Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Coincidence. Sau d
chon hai di tuong cn dt rng buc. Hp thoai Constraints Properties xut hin.
_ Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Name: Dt tn cho rng buc nu ta khng dt th chuong trnh s tu dt tn cho rng buc.
-Supporting Elements: Thng bo cc di tuong vua duoc chon d dt rng buc.
- Reconect: Chon lai cc di tuong dt rng buc. Mun chon lai di tuong dt rng buc ta Click
vo di tuong trong Supporting Elements ri Click vo Reconect sau d chon di tuong moi.
Orientation: Chon huong rng buc cho cc di tuong:
+ Undefine: Khng xc dinh huong.
+ Same: Cng mt huong.
+ Opposite: Nguoc huong nhau.
_ Click vo OK d kt thc. Sau khi thuc hin rng buc th rng buc vua tao xut hin trn
Specification Tree.
3/ Rng buc c c i t- ng tip xc v i nhau ( Contact Constrai nt )
(Mo file: Constraint7.CATProduct ).
Contact Constraint dng d dt cc di tuong tip xc voi nhau.
Bang cc di tuong c th dt Contact Constraint.
Planar
Face
Sphere Cylinder Cone Circle
Planar Face
Sphere
Cylinder
Cone
Circle
_ Click vo Contact Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Contact. Sau d chon hai di
tuong cn dt rng buc. Contact Constraint duoc thuc hin v xut hin trn Specification Tree, biu
tuong Contact Constraint xut hin trn mn hnh.
4/ Rng buc khong c ch gia 2 i t- ng ( Of f set Constrai nt )
(MofileAssemblyConstraint02.CATProduct).
Offset Constraint dng d dt rng buc v khoang cch giua hai di tuong.
Bang cc di tuong c th dt Offset Constraint.
Point Line Plane Planar Face
Point
Line
Plane
Planar Face
Click vo Contact Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Contact. Sau d chon hai di tuong
cn dt rng buc. Hp thoai Constraints Properties xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai: Ging nhu voi lnh Coincidence.
5/ Rng buc gc gia 2 i t- ng song song hoc vung gc v i nhau ( A ngl e
Constrai nt )
(Mo file: AssemblyConstraint03.CATProduct ).
Angle Constraint dng d do gc giua hai di tuong, dt hai di tuong song song voi nhau hoc dt hai
di tuong vung gc voi nhau.
Bang cc di tuong c th dt Angle Constraint:
Line Plane
Planar
Face
Cylinder Cone
(axis) (axis)
Line
Plane
Planar Face
Cylinder
(axis)
Cone
(axis)
Click vo Angle Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Angle. Sau d chon hai di
tuong cn dt Constraints. Hp thoai Constraints Properties xut hin.
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Chon kiu rng buc:
+ Perpendicularity: Dt cc di tuong vung gc voi nhau.
+ Prallelism: Dt cc di tuong song song voi nhau.
+Angle: Dt cc di tuong tao voi nhau mt gc no d.
- Sector: Chon vi tr dt gc, c 4 vi tr dt gc c th lua chon:
- Angle: Nhp gi tri gc giua hai di tuong.
- OK: Kt thc Angle Constraint v dng hp thoai.
6/ C nh vtr ca i t- ng tr ong khng gian ( Fi x )
( Mo file: Fix.CATProduct ).
Fix dng d dt c dinh vi tr mt di tuong trong khng gian ban v.
Click vo Fix trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Fix. Sau d chon di tuong cn c dinh. Sau khi chon
di tuong mt biu tuong hnh ci neo mu xanh xut hin chung to di tuong d duoc c dinh trong
khng gian ban v.
Ch : Khi double-Click vo Fix vua tao, hp thoai Constraints Definition xut hin. Lick vo More hp
thoai c dang nhu sau.
Bo lua chon Fix in space sau d Click vo OK d dng hp thoai, by gio lnh Fix d bi v hiu ha.
7/ C nh vtr ca 1 nhm i t- ng ( Fi x Together )
Cng cu Fix Together dng d dt mt nhm cc di tuong c dinh tuong di voi nhau. Tuc l vi tr tuong
di cua cc di tuong cng chiu anh huong cua Fix Together l khng thay di nhung vi tr cua ca nhm
c th thay di di voi cc di tuong khng thuc nhm.
Click vo Fix Together trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Fix Together. Hp thoai Fix Together
xut hin.
Chon cc di tuong cn dt rng buc, tn cua cc di tuong d s xut hin trong hp thoai.
D loai bo mt di tuong khoi hp thoai ta Click vo di tuong d trn mn hnh hoc trong hp thoai.
8/ t nhanh r ng buc gia c c i t- ng ( quick constr aint )
(Mo file: QuickConstraint.CATProduct).
Cng cu Quick Constraint dng d dt nhanh rng buc giua cc di tuong. Ty tung loai di tuong khc
nhau chuong trnh s tu dt cc rng buc ph hop. Rng buc s duoc tao ra theo thu tu uu tin: Surface
Contact, Angle, Coincidence, Offset, Perpendicularity.
Click vo Quick Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Quick Constraint. Sau d chon cc
di tuong cn dt rng buc, rng buc tuong ung s duoc tao ra.
Ch : Thu tu uu tin trn c th thay di: Vo Tool > Options. Trong hp thoai Options chon Mechanical
Design > Assembly Design. Chon tab Constraints > Quick constraint.
9/ Bin i mt contr aint thnh mt contr aint kh c ( Change Contrai nt )
Cng cu Change Constraint cho php thay di mt Constraint d tao thnh mt Constraint khc.
Click vo Change Constraint trn thanh cng cu. Sau d Click vo Constraint cn thay di, hp thoai
Change Type xut hin.\
Trong hp thoai Change Type, ta chon loai Constraint ri Click vo OK d thuc hin su thay di.
10/ Khng kch ho t hay kch ho t mt constr aint ( Deacti ve/Acti ve )
Cc Constraint o trang thi bnh thuong lun duoc kch hoat ngay sau khi n duoc tao ra. Khi mt
Constraint khi khng duoc kch hoat th cc chuc nng rng buc cua n s khng cn tc dung.
V du: D dua Coicedence.21 v trang thi khng duoc kch hoat, ta Click chut phai ln Coicedence.21
trn Specification Tree hoc trn mn hnh d hoa. Tu menu trang thi chon Coincedence.21 object >
Deactivate.
Cc Constraint o trang thi khng duoc kch hoat s c biu tuong Deactivate trn Specification Tree
v c mu trng trn mn hnh d hoa.
Mun kch hoat lai cc Constraint ta lm tuong tu nhu trn v chon Activate.
11/ Tm c c contr aint ca i t- ng
Mt di tuong c th c nhiu Constraint khc nhau, bnh thuong khi quan st trn ban v ta kh c th
bit duoc mt di tuong c nhung Constraint no. D tm v chon cc Constraint cua di tuong mt cch
nhanh chng v d dng, v du tm cc Constraint cua CRIC_BRANCH1, ta Click chut phai ln
CRIC_BRANCH1 trn Specification Tree, tu menu trang thi chon CRIC_BRANCH1.1object >
Component Constraints. Cc Constraint thuc CRIC_BRANCH1 s tu dng sng ln trn Specification
Tree.
12/ Cp nht 1 constr aint ( Updati ng an Assembl y )
Updating mt ban Assembly c nghia l dua tt ca cc di tuong c trong ban v v dng vi tr cua n
theo cc rng buc d dt.
Mt Constraint chua duoc Update s c mu den trn mn hnh v c biu tuong Update o bn canh
tn cua n o trn Specification Tree. Ta c th diu khin qu trnh Update cua ban v: Tool > Options.
Trong hp thoai Options chon Mechanical Design > Assembly Design. Chon tab General > Update.
D Update ton b ban Assembly ta Click vo Update trn thanh cng cu, tuc th ton b cc rng
buc c trong ban v s duoc Update, dua tt ca cc di tuong v dng vi tr cua n.
D Update mt Constraint, ta Click chut phai ln Constraint d, tu menu trang thi chon *object >
Update. Khi cc Constraint duoc Update n s c mu xanh trn mn hnh d hoa.
13/ Kim tr a v thay i c c thuc tnh ca constr aint
Click chut phai ln Constraint cn kim tra, chon Properties tu menu trang thi. Hp thoai Properties
xut hin.
a. Constraint.
Trong tab Constraint ta c th dt lai cc thng s cua Constraint.
b.Mechanical.
Tab Mechanical thng bo trang thi cua Constraint: Deactivate, Update, Unsolve.
c.Graphic.
Tab Graphic cho php ta dt mu sc hin thi cua Constraint v dt mt s thuc tnh khc.
d.Features.
Thng bo tn cua Constraint, tn nguoi tao, thoi gian tao, thoi gian ln chinh sua cui cng.
14/ Ci t ch cho 1 r ng buc ( Setti ng a Constrai nt Creati on Mode )
(Mo file: Constraint_Creation.CATProduct).
Kiu tao Constraint su dung khi ta ghi mt chui Constraint lin tip.
Ch : D lp lai qu trnh thuc hin mt lnh ta Double Click vo biu tuong cua lnh d trn thanh cng
cu. Trong truong hop ny d tao chui Constraint lin tip ta Double Click vo biu tuong Constraint cn
tao.
a. Default mode .
Ch d Default mode cho php ta dt cc cp Constraint dc lp voi nhau.
Trn thanh cng cu Constraint Creation, chon Default mode .
Double Click vo Offset Constraint trn thanh cng cu, chon hai mt phng song song d dt
Constraint. Hp thoai Constraint Creation xut hin, Click vo OK d hon thnh kch thuoc thu nht. Sau
khi Click vo OK lnh Offset Constraint vn cn duoc kch hoai. Ta c th chon tip cc cp mt phng
khc d dt Constraint. Cc Constraint tao thnh dc lp voi nhau.
b. Chain Mode .
Chain Mode cho php ta tao nhung Constraint c lin kt voi nhau, dim cui cua Constraint truoc l
dim du cua Constraint sau.
Trn thanh cng cu Constraint Creation, chon Chain Mode .
Double Click vo Offset Constraint trn thanh cng cu, chon hai mt phng song song d dt
Constraint. Hp thoai Constraint Creation xut hin, Click vo OK d hon thnh kch thuoc thu nht. Sau
khi Click vo OK lnh Offset Constraint vn cn duoc kch hoai. Ta c th chon tip phng khc d dt
Constraint.
c. Stack MOde .
Stack mode cho php tao cc Constraint lin tip c chung nhau mt dim du, cc dim cui khc nhau.
Trn thanh cng cu Constraint Creation, chon stack Mode .
Double Click vo Offset Constraint trn thanh cng cu, chon hai mt phng song song d dt
Constraint. Hp thoai Constraint Creation xut hin, Click vo OK d hon thnh kch thuoc thu nht. Sau
khi Click vo OK lnh Offset Constraint vn cn duoc kch hoai. Ta c th chon tip phng khc d dt
Constraint.
15/ S dng l i 1 par tter n ( Reuse Parttern )
(Mo file: Pattern.CATProduct).
Trong phn Part Design chng ta d lm quen voi cc cng cu Pattern: Rectangular Pattern, Circular
Pattern, User Pattern. Trong phn Assembly Design ny chng ta c cng cu Reuse Pattern c tc
dung su dung lai cc Pattern d tao trong Part Design.
Click vo Reuse Pattern trn thanh cng cu. Hoc vo Insert > Reuse Pattern. Hp thoai Instantiation
on a pattern xut hin.
Sau khi xut hin hp thoai, ta chon mt Pattern v mt Component lm di tuong thuc hin lnh (trong v
du ny chng ta chon Rectpattern.1 v Part2(Part2.1) lm di tuong thuc hin lnh).
Nhp cc thng s cho hp thoai:
- Keep link with Pattern: Giu lin kt voi Pattern ban du. Khi chuc nng ny duoc kch hoat th moi
thay di trn Pattern ban du s dn dn su thay di trn Pattern moi. Ta c th dinh nghia cch
xc dinh vi tr cc di tuong moi tao thnh:
+ Patterns Definition: Vi tr cua cc di tuong moi trng voi vi tr cua cc Pattern ban du.
+ Generate Constraints: Tao cc rng buc cho cc di tuong moi. Khi dt o ch d ny, nu ta Click
vo nt Clear th ton b cc Constraint s bi xa.
- Pattern: Pattern thng bo cc thng s v Pattern: Tn Pattern, s di tuong duoc tao thnh boi
Pattern, tn Component chua Pattern.
- Component to Istantiate: Thng bo tn cua Component su dung trong lnh Pattern.
- First Instance on Pattern: Lua chon cch tao di tuong du tin trong Pattern.
+ reuse the original component: Di tuong dng d tao Pattern duoc dng lun lm di tuong du
tin.
+ create a new instance: Tao mt di tuong moi lm di tuong du tin. Di tuong ban du vn cn
v tn tai song song voi di tuong moi du tin.
+ cut & paste the original component: Di tuong du tin duoc tao thnh bng cch ct v dn di
tuong ban du. Nhu vy di tuong ban du s mt.
- Put new Instance in Flexible Component: Dt cc di tuong moi trong cng mt Component.
i v / d i c h u y n i t - n g t r o n g a ssembl y
1/ Di chuyn c c i t- ng ( Mani pul ati ng Components )
(Mo file: MovingComponents02.CATProduct).
Cng cu Manipulation dng d di chuyn cc di tuong trong Assembly. Di tuong dich chuyn
phai thuc Component dang duoc kch hoat.
Click vo Manipulation trn thanh cng cu . Hp thoai Manipulation Parameter xut hin.
Su dung hp thoai:
- Trong hp thoai ta c th thy biu tuong cua cc dich chuyn m ta c th thuc hin duoc:
+ Doc truc: X, Y, Z, hoc mt truc do ta chi dinh.
+ Truot trn mt phng: XY, YZ, ZX, hoc mt phng do ta chi dinh.
+ Xoay quanh truc: X, Y, Z, hoc mt truc do ta chi dinh.
- D thuc hin mt dich chuyn ta Click vo biu tuong cua dich chuyn d ri chon di tuong trn
mn hnh v di chut d thuc hin dich chuyn.
- With respect to constraints: Cho php ta di chuyn cc di tuong trong cc rng buc.
- Click vo OK d thot khoi hp thoai.
2/ Di chuyn i t- ng theo b- c nhy ( Snappi ng Components )
(Mo file: MovingComponents01.CATProduct).
Cng cu Snap dng d di chuyn di tuong theo nhung buoc nhay. Di tuong di chuyn l cc
Component cn cc di tuong dng d xc dinh cc buoc nhay d l cc mt, duong v cc dim
thuc cc Component d.
V du:
- Double Click vo Product2 trn Specification Tree.
- Click vo Snap trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon di tuong thu nht l mt mt thuc CRIC_BRANCH1.
- Chon di tuong thu hai l mt mt thuc CRIC_BRANCH3.
- Kt qua l mt phng thu nht thuc CRIC_BRANCH1 trng voi mt phng thuc
CRIC_BRANCH3.
- C th Click vo mui tn mu xanh xut hin trn mn hnh d dao chiu cua CRIC_BRANCH1.
- Click ra ngoi mn hnh d thot khoi lnh Snap.
3/ Di chuyn i t- ng mt c ch linh ho t (Smart Move )
Cng cu Smart Move dng d di chuyn di tuong mt cch linh hoat.
Click vo Smart Move trn thanh cng cu. Hp thoai Smart Move xut hin, Click vo More trn hp
thoai Smart c dang nhu sau:
v / ph n t c h m t l p r p
Trong phn ny chng ta s tm hiu cc cng cu d phn tch mt ban Assembly.
1/ Tnh to n xung t ( Computi ng Cl ash )
(Mo file: AnalyzingAssembly01.CATProduct).
Mt ban Assembly c th gm rt nhiu cc Component khc nhau, giua cc Component c th c
cc xung dt ln nhau (xung dt o dy c th hiu l hin tuong cc vt th chn ln nhau, c mt phn
th tch giao nhau, hay khoang cch giua cc Component khng duoc dam bao). Rt kh d cho chng ta
tm ra su xung dt giua cc Component d.Cng cu Compute Clash dng d phn tch su xung dt gua
cc Component trn ton b ban v.
Trn menu chon Analyze -> Compute Clash. Hp thoai Clash Detection xut hin.
Su dung hp thoai Clash Detection:
a. Hp thoai Cash Detection cho php ta chon hai di tuong d phn tch xung dt voi nhau (Phai su
dung phm Ctrl d chon hai di tuong o trn Specification Tree). Tn cua hai di tuong duoc chon
xut hin trong hp thoai.
b. Chon kiu phn tch l Clash: Tm su giao nhau giua cc di tuong.
- Click vo Apply d xem kt qua.
- Result: Xem kt qua.
+ No Interference: Khng c su xung dt giua cc Component.
+ Clash: C su xung dt, vng di tuong xung dt s c mu do trn mn hnh d hoa.
+ Contact: Cc di tuong tip xc voi nhau, hai di tuong c mu vng trn mn hnh d hoa.
c. Chon kiu phn tch l Clearance. Phn tch khoang cch giua cc di tuong, khoang cch ny
nhp vo bn canh.
- Click vo Apply d xem kt qua phn tch.
- Result: Xem kt qua.
+ No Interference: Khng c su xung dt, khoang cch giua hai Component lon hon khoang cch nhp
trong hp thoai.
+ Clearance violation: C su xung dt, khoang cch giua hai di tuong nho hon khoang cch nhp
trong hp thoai.Cc di tuong chuyn thnh mu xanh trn mn hnh d hoa.
+ Contact: Khoang cch giua hai di tuong bng khoang cch nhp trong hp thoai. Cc di tuong
chuyn thnh mu vng trn mn hnh d hoa.
2/ Nhn bit c c r ng buc ( Anal yzi ng Contrai nts )
(Mo file: AnalyzingAssembly02.CATProduct)
Nhu chng ta d bit, cc Component trong ban Assembly duoc lin kt voi nhau boi cc Constraint.
Voi mt ban Assembly c nhiu Component th s luong cc Constraint trong ban v l rt lon. Cng cu
Analyzing Constraints cho php chng ta phn tch cc Constraint c trong ban v, quan l cc Constraint
mt cch tng th.
Trn menu chon:Analyze > Constraints. Hp thoai Constraint Analysis xut hin.
Su dung hp thoai:
a. Constraints.
- Active Component: Thng bo Component dang hoat dng trong ban v. Chi c cc Component dang
hoat dng moi duoc phn tch.
- Components: S luong cc Component trong Component dang hoat dng.
- Not Constrained: Hin thi s luong cc Component con cua Component hin hnh khng duoc dt
Constraint.
- Status: Trang thi cua cc Constraint trong Component hin hnh.
+ Verified: S luong cc Constraint tn tai trong ban v.
+ Impossible: S luong cc Constraint khng th thuc hin duoc.
+ Not Update: S luong cc Constraint chua duoc Update.
+ Brocken: S luong cc Constraint d bi ph mt lin kt.
+ Deactive: S luong cc Constraint o trang thi khng duoc kch hoat.
+ Measure mode: S luong cc Constraint o dang Measure (chi dng d do, khng dng d lm rng
buc).
+ Fix together: S luong cc Constraint Fix together.
+ Total: Tng s cc Constraint c trong Component hin hnh.
b. Brocken: Thng bo tn Constraint o trang thi Brocken c trong ban v. Trong v du ny ta c hai
Constraint: Coincidence.12(1) v Coincidence.12(2). Khi Click vo cc Constraint ny th biu tuong cua
n o trn Specification Tree sng ln. C th Double-Click vo Constraint d xem lai dinh nghia cua
chng.
d. Deactivate: Thng bo tn cua cc Constraint o trang thi khng duoc kch hoat.
e. Degree of Freedom: Thng bo bc tu do cua Component m tt ca cc Constraint cua n du hop
l. C th Double Click vo Component c tn trong danh sch d xem cc bc tu do cua n.
f. Click OK d dng hp thoai.
3/ Phn tch mi quan hph thuc gia c c i t- ng
( Anal yzi ng Dependences )
(Mo file: AnalyzingAssembly03.CATProduct).
Cng cu Analyzing Dependences dng d phn tch mi quan h phu thuc giua cc di tuong.
Click vo CRIC_BRANCH_3.1, trn menu chon Analyze > Dependencies. Hp thoai Assembly
Dependencies Tree xut hin.
Click chut phai vo Product1 chon Expend node, cc Constraint c trong CRIC_BRANCH_3.1 xut
hin:
Click chut phai vo CRIC_BRANCH_3.1 mt ln nua, chon Expand all. Dependencies Tree c dang
nhu sau.
Trn
Dependencie
s Tree lc
ny ta c th
thy tt ca
cc
Constraint c
trong
CRIC_BRA
NCH_3.1 v
cc di tuong
lin quan dn
tung Constraint d.
4/ Phn tch bc t do ca i t- ng ( Anal yzi ng Degrees Of Freedom )
Cng cu Analyzing Degrees of Freedom dng d phn tch cc bc tu do cua mt Component c
trong ban v khng phn tch ton b ban v. D phn tch duoc bc tu do cua mt Component th tt
ca cc Constraint cua n phai hop l ,Component d phai duoc Update truoc khi thuc hin vic phn
tch v Component phai o trang thi hoat dng (Active).
Sau khi Update ton b ban v, Double Click vo CRIC_SCREW trn Specification Tree d kch hoat
n. Trn menu chon Analyze > Degree(s) of Freedom. Hp thoai Degrees of Freedom Analysis xut
hin.
Trong hp thoai ta c th thy cc bc tu do cua CRIC_SCREW v trn mn hnh cung xut hin cc
mui tn chi cc bc tu do cua n.
Click vo Close d dng hp thoai.
5/ Cap nhat phan tch ( Anal yzi ng updates )
( Mo file: AnalyzingAssembly04.CATProduct).
Mi khi di chuyn cc Component hoc thay di cc Constraint c th anh gy ra cc anh huong
toi ton b ban v. Cng cu Analyzing Updates cho php chng ta xc dinh thnh phn no cua ban v
cn Update, cung nhu update cc phn cn thit m khng cn Update ton b ban Assembly.
Trn Specification Tree chon di tuong phn tch l Analysis.
Trn menu chon Analyze > Update.
Hp thoai Update Analysis xut hin.
Su dung hp thoai:
a. Components to be Analyzed: Chon Component cn phn tch.
b. Tab Analyse.
- Components Constraints to be updated: Thng bo cc Constraint chua duoc Update.
- Child Componets to be updated: Thng bo cc Component con cua
Component vua chon (di tuong vua chon l Analysis trn Specification Tree) chua duoc Update v
hnh dang, kch thuoc v Constraint.
- Representations to be updated: Thng bo cc di tuong con chua duoc Update v hnh dang, kch
thuoc.
c. Tab Update.
Cho php Update cc di tuong. D Update mt di tuong trong tab Update, ta Click vo di tuong
cn Update ri Click vo Update .
d. Click OK d dng hp thoai.
6/ T o mt mt phng ct ( Creati ng Secti on Pl anes )
(Mo file Weldplanner.CATProduct).
Click vo Sectioning, cua s Preview v ht Sectioning xut hin. Mt mt phng ct cung duoc tao ra.
* Cua s Preview: Dng d kim tra cc mt ct cua di tuong. Trong cua s Preview ta c th thuc hin
cc thao tc nhu trong mn hnh d hoa: Zoon, pan, rotate vv
* Mt phng ct: C th dng con tro d di chuyn, thay di kch thuoc mt phng ct bng cch dua con
tro dn gn cc mt phng ct, cl v ko khi cc mui tn xut hin
* Hp thoat Sectioning dng d chon cc kiu mt ct v nhp cc thng s cho mt phng ct.
Su dung hp thoai Sectioning Definition:
a. Name: Dt tn cho Sectioning, tn ny s xut hin trn sp v l tn cua file du liu khi ta xut ra.
b. Selection: Chon cc di tuong cn ct.
c. Chon cc kiu ct:
- Selection plane: Dng mt mt phng ct d ct di tuong.
- Selection Slice: Dng hai mt phng ct d ct di tuong.
- Selection box: Dng mt hnh hp d ct di tuong.
- Volume cut : Ct truc tip di tuong o trn ban v. D tro lai trang thi ban du, ta cl mt ln nua
ln Volume cut.
- Result window: Xem kt qua o mt cua s lon. Khi dt o ch d ny ta c th chon cc kiu quan st
mt phng ct:
+ Section fill, grid, edit grid.
+ Clash detection: Quan st chi tit cc vi tr xung dt.
+ Click chut phai ln mn hnh d kho hoc thay di vi tr mt phng ct.
+ Click vo Result window mt ln nua d thot .
d. Export as: Xut kt qua ra mt file du liu.
e. Update:
- Automatic update: Kt qua trn cua s Preview lin tuc thay di khi thay di vi tr mt phng ct.
- Section Freeze: Kt qua trn cua s Preview khng di khi vi tr cua mt phng ct thay di.
f. Edit posittion and Dimention .
Su dung hp thoai Edit position and Dimensions d thay di vi tr v kch thuoc cua mt phng ct.
g. Geometrical Target .
Quan st mt ct bng cch dt mt phng ct tai vi tr mong mun.
h. Invert Normal .
Dao nguoc chiu cua mt phng ct.(Lua chon ny rt huu dung khi ct bng hai mt phng ct).
i. Reset Position .
Dt mt phng ct tai vi tr ban du.
Nomal constraint: Dt cc mt phng ct vung gc voi phuong X, Y, Z.
c h - ng v i i : T o b n v 2d t b n v 3d
( g ener at i v e dr af t i ng )
i / T o c c h n h c h i u c a v t t h 3d
1/ Gi i thiu gener ative dr afting wor kbench v m 1 chi tit par t
Generative Drafting Workbench cung cp mt h thng cc cng cu rt da dang d tao cc di tuong
2D. Generative Drafting Workbench cho php chng ta chiu cc di tuong 3D xung mt phng theo
nhiu gc d khc nhau, cho php ct cc di tuong 3D theo nhiu mt ct phuc tap. Cc di tuong chiu
v cc mt ct 2D c mi lin h thng minh voi vt th 3D.Voi Generative Drafting Workbench ta cung
c th tao cc di tuong 2D theo cch v thng thuong.
2/ T o mt ng ( Front Vi ew )
Front View .
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part.CATPart)
- Tao mt ban Drawing moi.
- Trn menu chon Window > Vertically.
- Trong Generative Drafting Workbench, Click Front View trn thanh cng cu Projection.
- Click vo mt Plane trn Part Design Workbench d xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Trn ban v Drawing1, xut hin hnh chiu v mt hnh trn chua cc mui tn mu xanh.
- Click vo cc mui tn d xoay di tuong theo cc huong khc nhau.
- Click vo hnh trn nho o giua hnh trn mu xanh hoc Click ra khoang trng trn mn hnh d c dinh
vi tr cua hnh chiu.
Ch :
D xc dinh mt phng chiu, ta c th chon mt trong cc cch sau: Plane, mt dim v mt duong
thng, 3 dim, 2 canh, 2 dim v 1 canh.
Advanced front view .
- Click Advanced front view trn thanh cng cu. Hp thoai View Parameters xut hin.
- Nhp tn v ty l ban v, Click OK d dng hp thoai.
- Click vo mt Plane trn Part Design Workbench d xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Click vo hnh trn nho o giua hnh trn mu xanh hoc Click ra khoang trng trn mn hnh d c dinh
vi tr cua hnh chiu.
Creating front view with local axis system (Tao hnh chiu dung voi h truc toa d dia phuong).
Bnh thuong, khi tao cc hnh chiu, h truc toa d trong hnh chiu duoc ly trng voi h truc toa d
cua vt th 3D trong Part Design Workbench. Tuy nhin chng ta c th tao hnh chiu voi h truc toa d
do ta tu dinh nghia.
- Click Front View trn thanh cng cu Projection.
- Trn Specification Tree chon Axis System.
- Click vo mt Plane trn Part Design Workbench d xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Click vo hnh trn nho o giua hnh trn mu xanh hoc Click ra khoang trng trn mn hnh d c dinh
vi tr cua hnh chiu.
Chon mt lc nhiu di tuong chiu.
(Mo file: Product_Balloon.CATProduct)
- Click View trn thanh cng cu Projection.
- Chon mt di tuong hoc dng Ctrl d chon mt lc nhiu di tuong chiu.
- Chon mt phng chiu.
- Click ra khoang trng trn mn hnh d c dinh vi tr hnh chiu.
Chiu cc dim v duong tu m hnh 3D.
(Mo file: PointSketch.CATPart)
- Trn menu chon Tools ->Options -> Mechanical Design -> Drafting -> Generation tab. Tch vo Project
3D vireframe v Project 3D Points.
- Click View trn thanh cng cu Projection.
- Xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Click vo hnh trn nho o giua hnh trn mu xanh hoc Click ra khoang trng trn mn hnh d c dinh
vi tr cua hnh chiu.
3/ T o hnh chiu ph t sinh ( Proj ecti on Vi ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_front_view.CATDrawing)
- Click Projection View trn thanh cng cu.
- Di chut dn vi tr thch hop, Click ln mn hnh d tao hnh chiu.
4/ Chiu 1 m hnh - c t o t sheet metal wor kbench ( Unf ol der Vi ew )
Cng cu Unfolded View dng d chiu mt m hnh duoc tao tu Sheet Meltal Workbench.
(Mo file: GenDrafting_sheet_metal.CATPart)
- Click Unfolded View trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt mt phng d xc dinh mt phng chiu.
- Click ln khoang trng trn mn hnh d xc dinh vi tr cua hnh chiu.
5/ Chiu m hnh 3D v i c c ghi ch ( Vi ew f rom 3D )
Cng cu View From 3D dng d chiu cc m hnh duoc tao tu Functional Dimensioning and
Tolerancing workbench. Cng cu ny cho php chiu ca cc m hnh 3D v cc ghi ch.
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_FDT.CATPart)
- Click View From 3D trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon mt mt phng chiu trn ban v 3D (chng han chon mt Front View trn Specification Tree).
- Click ln mn hnh d hon thnh lnh chiu.
6/ T o hnh chiu ph ( Auxi l i ry V i ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part.CATDrawing)
- Click Auxiliary View trn thanh cng cu.
- Click dim thu nht d xc dinh mt phng ct.
- Click dim thu hai d xc dinh mt phng ct.
- Di chut dn vi tr thch hop, Click ln mn hnh d dt hnh chiu.
7/ T o hnh chiu mt ct ( Of f set Secti on Vi ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_section_view02).
- Click Offset Section View trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo mt dim d tao mt phng ct.
- Click vo dim thu hai hoc Double Click d kt thc vic tao mt phng ct.
- Di chut dn dim thch hop v Click ln mn hnh d dt mt ct.
8/ T o hnh chiu mt ct t mt mt phng ct ca m hnh 3D
(Of f set Secti on Cut )
(Lm tuong tu nhu Offset Section View)
Ch : Offset Section View v Offset Section Cut cho php ta su dung mt phng ct l mt mt phng
trong m hnh 3D.
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part.CATPart & GenDrafting_front_view.CATDrawing).
- Trn menu chon Window > Tile Vertically.
- Click Offset Section View trn thanh cng cu.
- Chon mt phng ct bng cch Click ln mt mt phng cua vt th.
- Di chut dn dim thch hop v Click ln mn hnh d dt mt ct.
9/ Dng thng hng hnh chiu v hnh ct ( Al i gned Secti on Vi ew/Cut )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_aligned_view02.CATDrawing).
- Aligned Section View hoc Align Seciton cut .
- Click vo mt dim d tao mt phng ct.
- Click vo cc dim tip theo hoc Double Click d kt thc vic tao mt phng ct.
- Di chut dn dim thch hop v Click ln mn hnh d dt mt ct.
10/ T o hnh chiu chi tit (Quick Detail View Profile & Quick Detail View )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_isometric_view.CATDrawing)
- Click Quick Detail View Profile trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo cc dim lin tip d tao mt da gic.(Nu dng Quick Detail View th tao mt hnh trn)
- Double Click d kt thc vic tao da gic.
- Di chut v Click ln vi tr thch hop d tao hnh chiu.
- Ta c th sua lai Profile vua tao bng cch Double Click ln n.
11/ Ct 1 hnh chiu ( Clipping View & Clipping View Profile )
- Click vo Clipping View Profile trn thanh cng cu.
- Click vo cc dim lin tip d tao mt da gic.(Nu dng Clipping View th tao mt hnh trn)
- Double Click d kt thc vic tao da gic.
- Mun tro lai trang thi ban du, Click chut phai ln View chon Isometric View Object > Unclip.

3. Isometric View (tao hnh chiu truc do).


(Mo file: GenDrafting_part02.CATPart)
- Trong Generative Drafting Workbench, Click Isometric View .
- Click vo m hnh 3D.
- Click ln khoang trng trn ban v d tao hnh chiu.
12/ B b t i t- ng ( Broken Vi ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_Broken_View.CATDrawing)
- Click Broken View trn thanh cng cu.
- Click d tao dim thu nht cua duong thng ct.
- Click d tao dim thu hai cua duong thng ct.
- Di chut dn vi tr thch hop v Click d tao duong thng ct thu hai.
- Click mt ln nua ln mn hnh d kt thc lnh.
Ch : Sau khi tao xong duong thng thu nht, trn mn hnh xut hin mt duong thng c chua nhung
doan thng mu do bo cho ta bit nhung vi tr khng duoc php dt duong thng ct thu hai.

13/ Ta o h nh cat tr ch ( Breakout Vi ew )


(Mo file: GenDrafting_part.CATDrawing)
- Click Breakout View trn thanh cng cu.
- Click d tao dim thu nht cua khung hnh ct.
- Click vo cc dim tip theo d tao khung hnh ct.
- Double Click hoc Click vo dim thu nht d dng kn, kt thc vic tao khung hnh ct. Chuong trnh
hin ln hp thoai 3D Viewer.
- Trong hp thoai 3D Viewer c hai duong thng mu xanh. Duong thng c nt dut cho ta bit huong
quan st vt th, duong thng thu hai nt lin cho ta bit vi tr ct cua vt th. C th Click v di chuyn
duong thng nt lin d thay di vi tr ct cua vt th. Click OK d kt thc lnh.

i i / c h n h s a c c k h u n g n h n
1/ Di chuyn 1 khung nhn ( Movi ng a Vi ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_Move_View02.CATDrawing)
- Click chut vo khung nhn cn di chuyn.
- Ko v tha vo vi tr khc.

Ch : Khi cc khung nhn c cc mi lin h voi nhau, khi ko khung nhn chnh th cc khung nhn kia
s di chuyn theo.
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_Move_View02.CATDrawing)
2/ T o mi quan hvvtr ( Set Rel ati ve Posi ti oni ng )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_positioningview.CATDrawing)
- Click chut phai ln Isometric View, chon Set Relative Position. Trn Isometric View xut hin duong
thng dinh huong.
- Click chut vo duong thng, giu v r chut Isometric View di chuyn theo phuong cua duong thng
theo huong di chut.
- Click vo dim mu xanh o cui duong thng, giu v r chut, Isometric View di chuyn theo mt qu
dao hnh trn, c bn knh bng chiu di duong thng, tm quay l dim hnh vung mu den o du kia
cua duong thng.
- Click vo dim hnh xung mu den, dim ny s nhp nhy, Click vo mt dim khc d di chuyn
dim mu den ny dn dim d.
- Click vo duong thng dinh huong, duong thng ny cung nhp nhy, Click vo mt duong thng khc
d cho duong thng dinh huong trng voi duong thng d.
3/ C lp 1 khung nhn ( I sol ati ng Generated Vi ew )
Mt khung nhn duoc tao ra s c mi quan h voi vt th 3D dng d tao nn khung nhn. Cng cu
Isolate c chuc nng ct dut mi lin h ny, v bin mt ban v Genarative thnh ban v Interactive.
- Click chut phai ln khung nhn.
- Chon *Object > Isolate.
- Mt hp thoai canh bo xut hin.
- Click vo OK d tip tuc thuc hin lnh.
4/ Phc hi l i c c phn t bxa ( Restori ng Del ected El ements )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_Restore_Deleted.CATDrawing)
- Xa bo hnh ellipse trong ban v.
- Click chut phai ln khung nhn chon *Object > Restore Deleted.
- Trong dng Command line g: C: Force Update. Ban v phuc hi lai trang thi du.
Ch : Phn bit lnh Restore Deleted v lnh Undo.
5/ Kha 1 khung nhn ( Locki ng a Vi ew )
Cng cu kha khung nhn c tc dung du nguyn trang thi cua khung nhn. Khung nhn sau khi bi kha
s khng th xa hay thay di duoc. Cng cu ny dc bit huu ch khi thay di m hnh 3D m khng
mun thay di hnh chiu cua n.
- Click chut phai ln khung nhn.
- Chon Properties, hp thoai Properties xut hin.
- Trong hp thoai Properties tch vo Lock View.
- OK.
6/ Ph v mi quan hvtr ca c c khung nhn ( Not Al i gni ng a Vi ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part.CATDrawing)
Khi tao nhiu khung nhn cng mt lc, cc khung nhn s c mi quan h v vi tr voi nhau. Khi di
chuyn cc khung nhn phu, n s chiu anh huong cua khung nhn chnh.
V du: Khung nhn Left View, Right View, Rear View chi c th di chuyn theo phuong ngang nu khung
nhn chnh l Front View.
Cng cu Do Not Aligne View cho php ta tam thoi ph v mi quan h vi tr cua cc khung nhn.
- Click chut phai ln khung nhn.
- Chon View Positioning > Do not Align View.
7/ Thay i t l1 khung nhn ( Scal i ng a Vi ew )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_detailview_scale.CATDrawing)
- Click chut phai ln khung nhn.
- Chon Properties, hp thoai Properties xut hin.
- Nhp ty l moi vo Scale.

8/ Thay i tn khung nhn ( Rename a Vi ew )


(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_Rename_View.CATDrawing)
- Click chut phai vo khung nhn.
- Chon Properties.
- Nhp tn moi cua khung nhn vo View Name.
9/ Thay i l i kiu d ng ca c c - ng khiu ( Cal l out Graphi sm )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_Callout.CATDrawing)
- Click chut phai ln hnh trn A (Detail View A) v mt ct B-B trn Front View.
- Chon Properties, hp thoai Properties xut hin.
- Trong hp thoai Properties ta c th chon cc kiu duong k hiu ct trch v k hiu mt ct.

- Double Click vo duong trn A (Detail View), duong trn chuyn sang trang thi c th di chuyn duoc.
- Di chuyn duong trn d thay di vi tr quan st di tuong.
- Click vo Replace Profile d thay di duong trn cu bng mt duong trn moi.
- Click End Profile Edition d kt thc lnh.

10/ Thay i c c i t- ng ct tr ong View


( Overl oadi ng El ement Properti es )
(Mo file: Product_Balloon2.CATDrawing)
- Click chut phai ln Section View A-A.
- Chon Section view A-A object > Overload properties, hp thoai Characteristics xut hin.
- Chon di tuong ct mun chinh sua.
- Click vo Edit, hp thoai Editor xut hin.
- Hp thoai Editor cho ta mt s lua chon.
+ Cut in section views: Th hin mt ct trong View hay khng.
+ Use when projecting: C su dung di tuong khi chiu hay khng.
+ Represented with hidden lines: C th hin cc duong khut hay khng.
+ Shown: Hin di tuong hay khng.
11/ Thay i vt liu ( Modi f yi ng A Pattern )
- Click vo vt liu.
- Click vo Pattern trn thanh cng cu Graphics Properties. Hp thoai Pattern xut hin.
- Chon loai vt liu, Click Ok d thuc hin lnh.
I I I / TAO K CH THT
1 / Tao kch tht cho ban ve( Generati ng Di mensi ons )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_front_view.CATDrawing & GenDrafting_part.CATPart)
- Click Generating Dimensions trn thanh cng cu Generation.
- Cc Dimention tu dng duoc tao trn View v Hp thoai Generated Dimension Analyze xut hin.
- Hp thoai ny cho php phn tch cc Constraint v Dimensions trong ban v 3D v 2D.
- Click OK d dng hp thoai.
Ch : Khi Click vo cc Dimension trn View th Dimension tuong ung trn m hnh 3D xut hin.
2 / Tao kch tht theo tng bc (Generati ng Di mensi ons step by step )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part.CATDrawing)
- Click Generating dimensions step by step trn thanh cng cu Generation. Hp thoai Step by Step
xut hin.
- Click vo Next Dimension Generation d bt du tao cc dimensions.
- Time Out: Nhp thoi gian giua cc ln tao dimension.
- Visualization in 3D: Cho php quan st dimension trong m hnh 3D.
3 / Sap xep kch tht ( Posi ti oni ng Di mensi ons )
(Mo file: GenDrafting_part_positioningdim.CATDrawing)
- Click Dimension Positioning trn thanh cng cu.
- Cc dimension tu dng duoc sp xp v vi tr thch hop.

c h - ng v i i i : Ph n t c h k t c u
( g ener at i v e st r uc t ur al anal y si s )
I / M THE g ener at i v e st r uc t ur al anal y si s WORKBENCH
_ Tr- c khi bt u m the generati ve structural anal ysi s thvt l i u ca chi ti t - c mc nh tr- c
. Trong tr- ng h p vt l i u ca chi ti t khng - c n nh tr- c thb n phi hon thnh nhng b- c
sau y :
1. Chn chi ti t trong the speci f i cati on tree
2. Cl i ck bi u t- ng appl y materi al
3. Chn chng l o i vt l i u , sau chn vt l i u mong mun t danh s ch thay th, Cl i ck
ok v vt l i u - c chp nhn cho chi ti t .
_ M the CATPart Document. Trong tr- ng h p ny , chn File -> Open sau chn .CATPart file mong
mun . Vd , m file sample01.CATPart .
_ Mc nh ch View Mode. Chn the View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View .
_ Chn St art -> Anal ysis & Simulat ion -> Generat ive St ruct ural Analysis t bar menu .
_ Hp tho i the New Anal ysi s Case xut hi n v i St at ic Analysis oc mc nh cho s la chn .
St at ic Analysis : Nhn ra i u ki n tnh hc cho mt d l i u CATAnal ysi s tr- c mt i u ki n kh c.
Frequency Analysis : Nhn ra i u ki n ng hc cho mt d l i u CATAnal ysi s .
Free Frequency Analysis : Phn tch iu kin the buckling conditions ca d l i u CATAnal ysi s .
Keep as default st art ing analysis case : iu kin phn tch s - c mc nh cho d l i u CATAnal ysi s .
_ Chn mt ch phn tch tnh hc trong hp tho i New Anal ysi s Case. Trong tr- ng h p ny chn ch
Anal ysi s Case .
_ Cl i ck Ok trong hp tho i New Anal ysi s Case m Workbench . CATAnal ysi s by gi - c m v
c t n l Anal ysi s.1 . Vi c thc hi n phn tch v tnh to n - c thc hi n trong d l i u ny. Mt kt ni
- c thc hi n gi a the CATPart v CATAnal ysi s document.
I I / c C t r NG h P c A ph N t CH k T c U
1/ Ci t mt tr - ng h p tnh hc m i ( I nserti ng a New Stati c Case )
Ci t a New Stati c Case cho php tp h p l i nhng i t- ng cho mi tr- ng tnh to n m i , v
ngm y u cu tnh to n cho mt th tc, gi i ph p tnh hc ca hthng gi i ph p. d ng ti trng tnh
hc pha d- i ngm gi mc nh tr- c. M f i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s
_ Chn I nsert -> St at ic Case menu .
Hp tho i New Stati c Case xut hi n
V i mi ch ca i t- ng - c ci t (Rest raint s, Loads, Masses), b n c thy u cu mt i
t- ng - c ci t hon ton trng rng hay i t- ng ci t sn c - c mc nh tr- c trong
Anal ysi s Case.
New : i t- ng ci t m i l rng
Ref erence : i t- ng ci t - c sao chp i t- ng ci t sn c - c mc nh tr- c
trong Anal ysi s Case.
_ Ci t s chn l a cho mi ch ca i t- ng :
Trong vd ny
Chn New s l a chn Restrai ns v Loads
Khng kch ho t s chn Masses
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i New Stati c Case
Mt New Stati c Case xut hi n trong Fi ni te Element Model speci f i cati on tree.
_ B n c thhi u chnh Stati c Case bng c ch doubl e cl i ck vo i t- ng St at ic Case Solut ion.1 trong
Speci f i cati on tree
Hp tho i Stati c Sol uti on Parameters xut hi n
Method
+ Auto : D ng 1 trong 3 phung ph p tnh to n pha d- i , mc nh cho vi c tnh to n l t ng
+ Gauss : D ng tnh to n cho mu, chi ti t nh v va
+ Gradi ent : Gi i quyt tnh to n - c nh tr- c , d ng tnh to n chi ti t khng l .
+ Gauss R6 : D ng ph- ng ph p Gauss mt c ch nhanh chng, d ng tnh to n cho chi ti t c kch c
l n.
Grdi ent Parameters
+ Maxi mum i terati on number
+ Accury
2/ Ci t mt tr - ng h p tnh hc m i v i nhng h n ch( I nserti ng a New
Stati c Constrai ned Case )
Ci t a New Stati c Constrai ned Case cho php b n t o mt ngm gi ( Restrai nt ) .
M f i l e sampl e04.CATAnal ysi s
_ Chn I nsert -> St at ic Const rained Modes
Hp tho i Static Constrained Modes xut hin
Restrai nt :
+ New : T o mt Restrai nt m i l trng rng.
+ Ref erence : Chn mt Restrai nt c tr- c .
Hi de exi sti ng anal ysi s cases : Gi u Anal ysi s case t o tr- c .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i Static Constrained Modes . Mt Static Constrained Modes xut hin trong specification
tree .
3/ Ci t mt tn s r ung ng ( I nserti ng a New Frequency Case )
Ci t a New Frequency Case ngm y u cu mt ch bnh th- ng cho th tc tnh to n tn s
rung ng ca hthng v khi l - ng phn phi khng thuc vphn kt cu c sn pha d- i ngm
gi .
M f i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s
_ Chn I nsert -> Frequency Case .
Hp tho i Frequency Case xut hin
New : Ci t i t- ng m i trng rng.
Ref erence : i t- ng ci t - c sao chp i t- ng ci t sn c - c mc nh tr- c
trong Anal ysi s Case.
Stati c Case Sol uti on : Thay i gi trtn s tnh to n . Ga trny s - a ra gi tr ti trng
t- ng - ng trong bng tnh to n v t o ra gi trtn s thay i .
_ Chn ch cho i t- ng v cl i ck ok .
Mt Frequency Case m i xut hin trong Fi ni te El ement Model speci f i cati on tree templ ate
Mt Frequency Case m i bao gm c c i t- ng : Restraint , Masses , Solution .
B n c thhiu chnh Frequency Case bng c ch double click trn i t- ng Frequency Case Solution trong
specifi cation tree .
Hp tho i Frequency Solusion xut hin
Number of Modes
Method ( I nteracti ve Subspace , Lanczos ). Nu b n chn ph- ng ph p Lanczos thchn l a
Shi f t s xut hi n . N - a n b n phi c c gi trkh c nhau : Auto, 1 Hz , 2 Hz hoc l n hn. Ch
Auto s tnh to n mt c ch t do.
Dynami c Parameters ( Maxi mum i terati on number, Accuracy )
4/ Ci t mt mu vt liu chu un (I nserti ng a New Buckl i ng Case )
M f i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s
_ Chn I nsert -> Buckling Case .
Hp tho i Buckling Case xut hin
_ Chn Stati c Case Sol uti on ( Ref erence ) l i n kt v i Buckling Case m i . Hide Existing Analysis Case d ng
n c c biu t- ng vt l c tr- ng ca chi tit .
_ Click ok trong hp tho i Buckling Case . Mt Buckling Case xut hin trong Finit e Element Model speci f i cati on
tree .
5/ Ci t mt hs ph thuc ( I nserti ng a New Combi ned Case )
Ci t mt New Combi ned Case cho php b n t o mt hs l i n kt khi b n hi u chnh c c phn
tch tnh hc. Ngay by gi b n c thtnh to n mt s nh ca tr- ng h p tnh hc v t o nhi u kt ni
khi b n thc hi n l i quy trnh phn tch tnh hc.
M f i l e smpl e03.CATAnal ysi s
_ Chn I nsert -> Combined Case
Combined St at ic Case Solut ion.1 xut hin trong specifi cation tree.
_ Doubl e cl i ck tr n Combined St at ic Case Solut ion.1 trong specification tree
Hp tho i combined Solution xut hin : B n c thchn Static Case kt ni
Hp tho i combined Solution xut hin pha d- i mt ln , b n s chn Static Case trong specification tree kt
ni , nu cn thit , chn hs kt ni cho mi Solution . Trong tr- ng h p ny , b n chn c hai St at ic Case
Solut ion.1 v St at ic Case Solut ion.2 , b hs kt ni l 1 cho c 2 Solution .
_ Chn Stati c Case u ti n l : St at ic CaseSolut ion.1
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Sol uti on va m i chn , sau chn Add.
B n cng c thxa 1 hay tt c c c Sol uti on
_ Chn Stati c Case th hai : St at ic Case Solut ion.2
Hp tho i Combi ned Sol uti on - c cp nht
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i Combi ned Sol uti on khi b n va v i Sol uti on chn.
6/ Ci t s chn la s gi tr ca phn tch ci t ( I nserti ng a New
Envel op Case )
Ci t New Envel op Case cho php b n nghi n cu chn mt s gi trnguy hi m (
mi ni ma/maxi ma/absol ute maxi ma ) cho mt vi phn tch - c ci t . Nhng gi trv c ng ny c l
- c tnh to n tr n mt vi l o i gi tr- c cung cp bi s chn l a Anal ysi s Case.
M f i l e sampl e45.CATAnal ysi s. B n c thtnh to n cho tt c c c model . Tr- ng h p ny cl i ck
vo bi u t- ng Compute v chn Al l cho tt c l a chn.
_ Chn I nsert -> Envelop Case
Hp tho i Envel op Case xut hi n
Hi de exi sti ng anal ysi s case : n c c anal ysi s case t o tr- c .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i Envel op Case
Mt Envel op Case m i xut hi n trong speci f i cati on tree.
Envel op : Cha ng s mc nh tn t i m tr n c c Envel op s - c tnh to n v s chn l a
c c anal ysi s - c ci t .
Envel op Case Sol uti on : Cha nh kt qu tnh to n ca Envel op. cp nht envel op sol uti on,
cl i ck bi u t- ng Compute.
7/ Ci t dao ng iu ha ( I nserti ng a Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case )
Ci t Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case cho php b n t o nhng i t- ng ci t v ci t
mt dao ng i u ha m t i ti trng hay ngm gi s bkch thch .
Ch : ci t Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case thFrequency Case v Stati c Case phi - c
mc nh tr- c .
M f i l e sampl e56.CATAnl ysi s . Trong vd ny Frequency Case v Stati c Case phi - c mc
nh tr- c .
_ Chn I nsert -> Harmonic Dynamic Response Case
Hp tho i Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case xut hi n
Mt ti trng kch thch v mt ngm gi kch thch s khng - c t o ng thi c ng mt l c.
Load exci tati on set: cho php t o mt ti trng kch thch m i hay mt ti trng kch thch sn
c.
+ New : T o ti trng kch thch m i hon ton rng.
+ Ref erence : T o mt ti trng kch thch c sn.
Restrai nt exci tati on : cho php t o mt ngm gi kch thch m i hay mt ngm gi kch thch
sn c.
+ New : T o ngm gi kch thch m i hon ton rng.
+ Ref erence : T o mt ngm gi kch thch c sn.
Dampi ng set: B o cho bi t mt s chng rung ng - c t o
Hi de exi sti ng anal ysi s case : n c c anal ysi s case t o tr- c .
_ Chn Frequency Case Solut ion.1 solution Frequency Case Solut ion reference.
_ Chn kch thch m b n mong mun ci t :
Trong vd ny , kch ho t s la chn mong mun trong hp tho i Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case
Kch ho t Load exci tati on nu b n mun cI t ti trng kch thch ( Cho mt ti trng dao
ng )
Kch ho t Restrai nt exi tati on nu b n mong mun ci t mt ngm gi kch thch ( Cho mt
chuyn ng bt buc ca ngm ).
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case
Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case xut hi n trong speci f i cati on tree.
La chn Load exci tati on ci t La chn Restrai nt exi cati on ci t
8/ Ci t mt dao ng tc thi ( I nserti ng a Transi ent Dynami c Response
Case )
M f i l e sampl e56.CATAnal ysi s
Chn I nsert -> Tr ansient Dynamic Response Case
C c i u ki n v c c b- c ti n hnh t- ng t nh- ci dao ng i u ha.
i i i / s bi n t h i n v nh ng c I t dao ng
1/ T o mt dao ng khng i ( Creati ng Whi te Noi se Modul ati on )
t o mt dao ng khng i thDynami c Response Case phi - c ci t tr- c .
M f i l e sampl e56_1.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi u t- ng Whit e Noise
Hp tho i Whi te Noi se Modul ati on xut hi n
Modulat ions.1 - c t o trong specification tree pha d- i Finit e Element Model.1
_ Nu cn b n c thi t n ca moduti on m i t o.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i Whi te Noi se Modul ati on.
2/ T o mt bin thin tn s ( I mporti ng Frequency Modul ati on )
t o tn s bi n thi n thDynami c Response Case phi - c ci t tr- c .
M f i l e sampl e56_1.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi u t- ng Frequency Modulat ion .
Hp tho i Frequency Modul ati on xut hi n .
Modulat ions.1 - c t o trong specification tree pha d- i Finit e Element Model.1
_ Cl i ck vo nt Browser chn f i l e cha gi trbi n thi n. Fi l e ny c thl f i l e excel ( .el s ) hay f i l e text
( .txt ).
Hp tho i Fi l e Sel ecti on xut hi n v b n h y chn f i l e b n cn d ng
Trong tr- ng h p ny, b n c thchn f i l e si gnal _carre.txt
_ Cl i ck open trong hp tho i Fi l e Sel ecti on .
Hp tho i Frequency Modul ati on - c cp nht v - ng dn ca f i l e nhp - c thay th.
_ Cl i ck vo nt Edi t thy thng s mc nh trong f i l e b n nhp .
Hp tho i I mported Tabl e xut hi n
_ Cl i ck Cl ose trong hp tho i I mported Tabl e.
_ Cl i ck Ok trong hp tho i Frequency Modul ati on.
3/ T o mt bin thin thi gian ( I mporti ng Ti me Modul ati on )
t o mt bi n thi n thi gi an thDynami c Response Case phi - c ci t tr- c .
Fi l e cha gi trbi n thi n phi - c t o tr- c . Fi l e ny phi cha kt ( s ). Fi l e f ormat c thl :
.xsl , .txt .
M f i l e sampl e56_1.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi u t- ng Time Modul at ion
Hp tho i Ti me Modul ati on xut hi n
Modulat ions.1 - c t o trong specification tree pha d- i Fini t e Element Model.1
_ Cl i ck vo nt Browser chn f i l e cha gi trbi n thi n. Fi l e ny c thl f i l e excel ( .el s ) hay f i l e text
( .txt ).
Hp tho i Fi l e Sel ecti on xut hi n v b n h y chn f i l e b n cn d ng
Trong tr- ng h p ny, b n c thchn f i l e si gnal _ti me.txt
_ Cl i ck open trong hp tho i Fi l e Sel ecti on .
Hp tho i Ti me Modul ati on - c cp nht v - ng dn ca f i l e nhp - c thay th
_ Cl i ck vo nt Edi t thy thng s mc nh trong f i l e b n nhp .
Hp tho i I mported Tabl e xut hi n
_ Cl i ck Cl ose trong hp tho i I mported Tabl e.
_ Cl i ck Ok trong hp tho i Ti me Modul ati on .
4/ Mc nh mt ti tr ng kch thch ( Def i ni ng a Load Exi tati on Set )
M f i l e sampl e57.CATAnal ysi s
* i v i tr - ng h p har moni c Dynamic Response Case.
Tr- c khi bt u b n phi ci t hanomi c dynami c response case v mc nh mt whi te noi se
modul ati on hay mc nh f requence modul ati on.
_ Doubl e cl i ck vo ti trng kch thch trong speci f i cati on tree.
Trong tr- ng h p ny, doubl e cl i ck vo i t- ng Load Exci tati on.1 ca Harmonic Dynamic
Response Case set .
Hp tho i Load Exi tati on xut hi n
New : B n c sa i t n.
Sel ecti on :
+ Sel ected Load : chn ti trng mong mun kch thch .
+ Sel ected modul ati on : Chn mt whi te noi se modul ati on hay mt f requency modul ati on .
B n khng thchn mt ti me modul ati on .
+ Sel ected Factor : chn yu t khuch i bi n thi n .
+ Sel ected phase : chn bi n cho ti trng dao ng kch thch ( l oad , modul ati on hay
phase ).
_ Ci t thng s mong mun trong hp tho i Load Exi tati on
+ Chn Pressure.1 Sel ected modul ati on
+ Chn Frequency Modul ati on.1 Sel ected Modul ati on
+ Nhp gi trl 1 Sel ected Factor
+ Nhp gi trl 2deg Sel ected phase.
_ Nhn Enter cp nht hp tho i Load Exi tati on
B n c thth m vo hoc xa b t thng s ca ti trng kch thch d ng contextual menus trong
hp tho i Load Exi tati on .
C c gi trtrong contextual menus l :
Add: th m vo mt ti trng kch thch.
Del ete : xa b t mt ti trng kch thch .
Del ete Al l : xa tt c ti trng kch thch mc nh tr- c .
_ Chn l oad , modul ati on , f actor v phase mong mun
Trong vd ny chn :
Load.1 Sel ected l oad
Whi te noi se.1 Sel ected modul ati on
Nhp gi trl 2 Sel ected f actor
Nhp gi trl 1 Sel ected phase
_ Ri ght-cl i ck - ng thng th 2 v chn Del ete trong contextual menu
_ Cl i ck OK trong hp tho i Load Exi cati on .
* i v i tr - ng h p Tr ansient Dynamic Response Case
Tr- c khi bt u b n phi ci t Transi ent Dynami c Response Case vamac nh mot ti me
modul ation.
Trong v dunay, mot transi ent dynami c response case vati me modul ati on asan sang c cai
at.
_ Doubl e cl i ck vao l oad exi tati on set trong soeci f i cati on tree.
Trong v dunay, doubl e cl i ck vao Load Exi cati on.1
Hop thoai Load Exi cati on xuat hi en
New : B n c sa i t n.
Sel ecti on :
+ Sel ected Load : chn ti trng mong mun kch thch .
+ Sel ected modul ati on : Chn mt whi te noi se modul ati on hay mt f requency modul ati on .
Ban khong thechon mot f requency modul ati on
+ Sel ected Factor : chn yu t khuch i bi n thi n .
_ Chon tai trong mong muon dung ekch thch trong speci f i cati on tree.
Trong v dunay ban cothe:
+ chon Pressure.1 Sel ected Load
+ chon Ti me Modul ati on.1 Sel ected modul ati on .
+ Nhap gi atrl a1 Sel ected f actor.
_ Nhan Enter ecap nhat hop thoai Load Exi tcati on.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Load Exi tati on.
5/ Mc nh mt kch thch ng n cn ( Def i ni ng a Restrai nt Exi tati on Set )
Mac nh mot Restrai nt Exi tati on cho phep mac nh mot chuyen ong keo theo cua ngam gi
theo tan sohay theo thi gi an.
Mf i l e sampl e57_1.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au ban phai cai at mot Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case , mac nh mot whi te
noi se modul ation hay mac nh mot f requency modul ati on.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng restrai nt exi tati on thuoc Harmoni c Dynami c Response Case.
Trong v dunay , doubl e-cl i ck Restrai nt Exi tati on.1
Hop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on xuat hi en
New : ban cothethay oi ten cua Restrai nt Exi tati on set
Axi s system:
+ Type :
- Gl obal : Neu ban chon Gl obal Axi s System th cac thanh phan sec bi eu di en
tng vi hethong truc toa vuong goc conh .
- User: Neu ban chon User-def i ned Axi s system th cac thanh phan sec bi eu di en
tng quan vi hetruc toa oachro.
- Current axi s : ban hay chon truc hethong toa omong muon
- Local ori entati on : Cac thanh phan sec bi eu di en tng quan vi hethong truc
toa vuong goc conh l i en ket vi hng cua toa oe-cac cua User-def i ned Axi s
+ Di spl ay l ocal l y : Thay thebang hethong toaoa phng
Sel ecti on :
+ Sel ecti on moduti on : chon mot ti me modul ati on.
+ Sel ected accel erati on : chon mot gi a toc manosethay oi .
Degrees of f reedom : a en cho ban mot danh sach cua bac t do , dao ong l i en ket , gi a toc.
_ Cai at thong sotrong hop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on Set
Trong v dunay ban cothe:
+ chon Gl obal Axi s System Type.
+ Neu can thi et cothechon Di spl ay l ocal l y
+ Chon Ti me Modul ati on.1 Sel ected modul ati on.
+ Nhap gi atr1m_s2 Sel ected accel erati on .
_ Nhan Enter ecap nhat hop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on .
Hop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on xuat hi en
Ban cothemac nh bac tdo khac.
_ Chon bac tdo khac
Trong v dunay chon bac tdo TY.
_ Cai at cac thong sokhac ( dao ong l i en ket vagi a toc )
Trong v dunay :
+ Chon Whi te Noi se.1 modul ati on Sel ected modul ati on.
+ Nhap gi atr3rad_s2 Sel ected accel erati on.
_ Nhan Enter ecap nhat hop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on.
Bac tdo TY ac mac nh vahop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on xuat hi en pha di
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Restrai nt Exi tati on
6/ Mc nh mt s chng r ung ( Def i ni ng a Dampi ng Set )
Mac nh mot Dampi ng set l amac nh ket quachong rung ong cua chi ti et val c chong rung
ac dung cho chi ti et. Ban cothechon gi a 2 chuecua Dampi ng:Modal hay Rayl ei gh. Bi mac
nh Dampi ng l amodal .
Trc oban phai cai at mot dynami c response anal ysi s case vamac nh whi te noi se
exci tati on hay mac nh mot dao ong ac nhap.
Mf i l e sampl e57.CATanal ysi s
Trong v dunay mot dynami c response anal ysi s case vamodul ati on set ac cai at.
_ Doubl e cl i ck Dampi ng tspecif i cati on tree.
Trong trng hp nay, doubl e cl i ck oi tng Dampi ng.1
Hop thoai Dampi ng Choi ce xuat hi en
New : Ban cothethay oi ten cua Dampi ng .
Dampi ng Type:
+ Modal Dampi ng
+ Rayl ei gh Dampi ng
_ Chon Dampi ng Type mong muon :
+ Modal Dampi ng Type: l a1 phan socua hesogi am chan .Hesogi am chan c
tnh theo cong thc :
+ Rayl ei gh Dampi ng Type : Cocong thc tnh nh sau
Vi [ M ] l ama tran khoi l ng , [ K ] l ama tran ocng.
_ Tnh toan dao ong tan so( f requency modul ati on )
_ Cl i ck vao nut component edi ti on emac nh cac thong sogi am rung ong.
Hop thoai Dampi ng Def i ni ti on xuat hi en .
Modal Dampi ng Type
Gl obal Rati o: Mac nh hesochong rung cho tat cacac cheo.
+ Al pha : hesotyl ekhoi l ng
+ Beta :hesotyl eocng
Def i ni ti on mode by mode : mac nh hesochong rung oc l ap cho moi cheo.
Rayl ei gh Dampi ng Type
Gl obal Rati o: Mac nh hesochong rung cho tat cacac cheo.
+ Al pha : hesotyl ekhoi l ng
+ Beta :hesotyl eocng
Def i ni ti on mode by mode : mac nh hesochong rung oc l ap cho moi cheo.
_ Mac nh thong sochong rung mong muon vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai Dampi ng Choi ce.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Dampi ng Def i ni ti on.
i v / q u n l m h nh
1/ T o chi tit l- i 3D ( Creati ng 3D Mesh Parts )
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s
_ Xoa OCTREE tetrahedron Mesh.2:Part1.2
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng OCTREE Tetrahedron mesher .
_ Chon chi ti et maban muon an nh tao mot chi ti et l i mi .
Hop thoai OCTREE Tetrahedron mesh xuat hi en
Global t ab: thay oi cac thong sotong the
+ Size
+ Absolut e sag
+ Pr opor t ional sag
+ Element t ype
+ Linear
+ Parabol ic
Local t ab: thay oi thong sochi ti et.
+ Local size
+ Local sag
+ Edges Dist r ibut ion
+ I mposed point s
_ Nhap gi atrmong muon vao hop thoai OCTREE Tetrahedron mesh
Trong v dunay nhap 24mm vao oSi ze
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai OCTREE Tetrahedron mesh.
Mat l i mi ac tao vaacap nhat speci f i cati on tree.
2/ T o chi tit l- i 2D ( Creati ng 2D Mesh Parts )
Tao mat l i tam gi ac cothexoa i hoac them vao chi ti et.
Mf i l e sampl e40.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Octree Tri angl e Mesh .
_ Chon 2D Geometry
Hop thoai Octree Tri angl e Mesh xuat hi en
Global tab: thay oi cac thong sotong the
+ Size
+ Absolut e sag
+ Pr opor t ional sag
+ Element t ype
+ Linear
+ Parabol ic
Local t ab: thay oi thong sochi ti et.
+ Local size
+ Local sag
+ Edges Dist r ibut ion
+ I mposed point s
_ Neu can cothesa oi l a chon trong hop thoai Octree Tri angl e Mesh.Trong trng hp nay gi
nguyen sl a chon mac nh ban au.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Octree Tri angl e Mesh.
OCTREE Tri angl e Mesh.2 bay gi axuat hi en trong speci f i cati on tree
3/ T o chi tit l- i 1D ( Creati ng 1D Mesh Parts )
Tao chi ti et l i 1D dung ethem vao , can bang chi ti et l i cua san pham Generati ve Shape
Desi gn CATPart
Chuy: ban khong thechon mot sketch hnh hoc , khong thel i en ket mat l i 1D vi mot vat
the.
Mf i l e sampl e47.CATAnl ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Beam Mesher
_ Chon mot tay on etao l i
_ Hop thoai Beam Meshi ng xuat hi en
El ement Type:
+ ( linear) : tao oi tng 1D khong conut trung gi an.
+ ( parabolic) : tao oi tng 1D vi nut trung gi an.
El ement Si ze : chrokch ccua oi tng.
Sag Control :
+ Sag : Mac nh khoang cach gi a nhng oi tng.
+ Mi n si ze : Mac nh kch cnhonhat cho oi tng.
_ Chon El ement Type mong muon . Trong v dunay chon l i near.
_ Nhap gi atrEl ement si ze mong muon trong hop thoai Beam Meshi ng. Cho v duta nhap gi atr3mm.
_ Kch hoat chon l a Sag Control trong hop thoai Beam Meshi ng.
_ Hi eu chnh cac thong socua Sag control neu can.
_ Cl i ck Ok trong hop thoai Beam Meshi ng. 1D Mesh.1bay gi axuat hi en trong speci f i cati on tree.
4/ T o kch c mt l- i cc b ( Creati ng Local Mesh Si zes )
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s .Trc khi bat au ban phai chac chan rang cac chon l a
Shadi ng, Outl i nes vaMateri al ac hoat ong hop thoai Vi ew Modes bang cach sdung l enh View
-> Render St yle -> Cust omize View .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Local Mesh Size .
Hop thoai Local Mesh Si ze xuat hi en .
Trong trng hp nay ban hay chon oi l i trong speci f i cati on tree maban muon thay oi
kch tht, ban cothethay oi ten cua Local si ze trong oName.
_ Nhap gi atrkch ccho oi tng trong oVal ue, ban cothedung nut rul er pha ben phai enhap
khoang cach.
Kch cnhonhat maban cothenhap cho mat l i l a:0.1mm
_ Chon mot bemat hnh hoc edung Local si ze
_ Cl i ck OK etao Local Si ze .
Mot bi eu tng cua Local Si ze ac trong thay .
Mot oi tng Local Si ze xuat hi en trong speci f i cati on.
5/ T o mt l- i vng cc b ( Creati ng Local Mesh Sags )
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s .Trc khi bat au ban phai chac chan rang cac chon l a
Shadi ng, Outl i nes vaMateri al ac hoat ong hop thoai Vi ew Modes bang cach sdung l enh View
-> Render St yle -> Cust omize View .
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Local Mesh Sag .
Hop thoai Local Mesh Sag xuat hi en
Trong trng hp nay ban hay chon oi l i trong speci f i cati on tree maban muon thay oi kch tht,
ban cothethay oi ten cua Local si ze trong oName.
_ Nhap gi atrkch ccho oi tng trong oVal ue, ban cothedung nut rul er pha ben phai enhap
khoang cach.
_ Chon mot bemat hnh hoc edung Local Sag.
_ Cl i ck OK etao Local Sag .
Mot bi eu tng cua Local Sag ac trong thay .
Mot oi tng Local Sag xuat hi en trong speci f i cati on
6/ T o c tnh cho chi ti et 3D ( Creati ng 3D Porperti es )
Mot ac tnh 3D l anhng tnh chat vat lyc dung cho chi tiet 3D v dunh ac tnh vevat
l i eu, khoi l ng , ng suat , tai trong vamoi quan hehnh hoc cua nhng ac tnh.
Mf i l e sampl e41.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng 3D Property .
Hop thoai 3D Property xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ac tnh .
Support : chon mot support.
Sel ect Mesh Part : chcogi atrkhi ban chon mot support ( chi ti et l i )
Materi al : chcho bi et vat l i eu ac dung tren support achon.
User-def i ned materi al : chon vat l i eu ti eu chuan cho ngi dung.
Ori entati on : l i en ket hay khong mot truc toa hethong vi vat l i eu.
+ None : khong cotruc toa ohethong nao c l i en ket.
+ By axi s : chon mot truc toa ohethong l i en ket vi vat l i eu cho ngi s
dung. Neu chon i eu nay th nut Component Edi ti on xuat hi en .
_ Chon chi ti et edung ac tnh 3D.
Hop thoai 3D Property xuat hi en.
_ chon By axi s cho l a chon Ori entati on.
_ Cl i ck nut Component Edi ti on . Hop thoai Ori entati on def i ni ti on xuat hi en .
_ Chon Gl obal cho chueaxi s system .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Ori entati on def i ni ti on .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai 3D Property .
3D Property ac tao
3D Property.1 ac cap nhat vathay thespeci f i tati on tree.
7/ T o c tnh cho chi ti et 2D ( Creati ng 2D Properti es )
Mf i l e sampl e51.CATAnal ysi s
Trong v dunay 1 chi ti et l i ac tao trc o.
Trc khi bat au ban phai mac nh trc ochi eu day cho chi ti et trong Generati ve Shape
Desi gn . Dnhien, cung cothemac nh oday l acan thi et khi sdung Anal ysi s Workbench vesau.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng 2D Property .
Hop thoai 2D Property xuat hi en
Name : sa oi ten cua ac tnh.
Support : chon mot 2D support.
Sel ect Mesh Part : chcogi atrkhi ban chon mot support ( chi tiet l i 2D)
Materi al : chcho bi et vat l i eu ac dung tren support achon.
User-def i ned materi al : chon vat l i eu ti eu chuan cho ngi dung.
Thi ckness : chon gi atrcho oday.
_ Cl i ck support maban muon ap dung ac tnh 2D.
Hop thoai 2D Property ac cap nhat pha di
_ Nhap gi atrcho oday l a2mm
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai 2D Poperty . ac tnh 2D aoc tao vamot k hi eu xuat hi en tren hnh ve
.
2D Property xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree
8/ G n c tnh composite cho chi ti et ( I mporti ng Composi te Properti es )
Trong trng hp phan tch nay, ac tnh composi te tren mot hnh the2D mathi et kecomposi te
ac mac nh trong Composi te Desi ng Workbench . Trc ti en ban phai tm hi eu thi et ke
composi te vi zones vapl i es l anh thenao .
* Mac nh da tren Zones
Mf i l e sampl e06.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng I mported Composi te Property .
Hop thoai I mported Composi te Property xuat hi en
Name : sa oi ten cua ac tnh.
Support : chon mot 2D support.
Anal ysi s : chon zone approach hay pl y approach.
+ By zone : chon zone approach.
+ By pl y : chon pl y approach.
Core Sampl i ng Depth : mac nh khoang gi atrtuy thch ei eu khi en sopl ies hay zones
nam trong bang mau cua trng hp phan tch nay.
_ Chon mot support c chpha di
Hop thoai I mported Composi te Property xuat hi en
_ Chon By zone cho l a chon Anal ysi s
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mported Composi te Property.
I mported Composi te.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Properti es.1
Chuy: vat l i eu c dung sekhong thay pha di speci tati on tree . Tuy nhi en, ban cothesap xep
vasa oi ac tnh cua vat l i eu . v du:
+ Chon File -> Desk.
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Composit esCat alog.CATMat er ial vachon open tdanh sach soxuong.
+ Doubl e-cl i ck mot vat l i eu esa oi . Hop thoai Properti es xuat hi en.
+ Thay oi thong somong muon trong nhan Anal ysi s cua hop thoai Properti es
+ Cl i ck OK torng hop thoai Properti es .
Trong v dunay khong thethay oi ac tnh vat l ycua vat l i eu
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng compute vachon Mesh Onl y trong hop thoai Compute.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Properti es.1 vachon Generate I mage tdanh sach soxuong.
_ Chon composi te angl e symbol cho i mage vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai Generate I mage
Bemat hoan chnh c thay thevatrong thay
_ Sa oi bemat va mi tao ra.Trong v dunay :
+ Doubl e-cl i ck bemat Composi te angl e.1
+ Cl i ck nut More emrong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
+ Nhap gi atrl a6 cho Lami na.
+ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
Bemat mi c cap nhat vac trong thay
* Mac nh da tren pl i es
Mf i l e sampl e06.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng I mport ed Composit e Pr opert y .
Hop thoai I mported Composi te Property xuat hi en
_ Chon By pl y cho l a chon Anal ysi s .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai hop thoai I mported Composi te Property.
I mported Composi te.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Properti es.1
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng compute vachon Mesh Onl y trong hop thoai Compute.
9/ T o c tnh cho chi ti et 1D ( Creati ng 1D Properti es )
ac tnh 1D c an nh cho mat cat cua chi ti et . Ban cung cothel i en ket ac tnh cua mot
l ocal 1D ti 1 phan cua hnh ve.
Mf i l e sampl e52.CATAnal ysi s
* Them ac tnh vat l ycho chi ti et 1D
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng 1D Propeety .
Hop thoai 1D Property xuat hi en
Name : sa oi ten cua ac tnh.
Support : chon mot 1D support
Sel ect Mesh Parts : chcogi atrkhi ban achon mot support.
Cac chc nang vevat l i eu, hetruc toa otng tnh cac phan tren. Ngoai ra con co
cac chc nang khac nh :
Off set : mac nh hay khong giatrsong song cho moi au mut cua tay on.
+ None : Khong cobac tdo nao c chap nhan.
+ Customi zed : Chon bac tdo maban muon chap nhan khi cl i ck vao nut
Component Edi ti on.
Vari abl e beam Factors :
_ Chon chi ti et hnh hoc edung ac tnh 1D.
Hop thoai 1D Property c cap nhat vachpha di
_ Chon Rectangul ar Beam cho l a chon Secti on
_ Cl i ck nut Component Edi ti on trong hop thoai 1D Property. Hop thoai Beam Def i ni ti on xuat hi en .
_ Nhap 10mm cho Length ( Y ) va10mm cho Hei ght ( Z ).
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Beam Def i ni ti on. Nhng k hi eu xuat hi en tren hnh vetng trng cho mat
cat cua tay on.
_ Kch hoat Ori entati on Geometry vachon mot i em.
Hop thoai 1D Property xuat hi en
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai 1D Property. ac tnh 1D ac them vao
Trong trng hp nay 1D Properti es.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree
* Tao ac tnh l ocal 1D
_ Ri ght-cl i ck 1D Properti es.1 atao trc otrong speci f i tati on tree vachon Local 1D Property tdanh
sach soxuong.
Hop thoai Local 1D Property xuat hi en
Cac chc nang cua cac nhan tng tnh phan mac nh ac tnh 1D .
_ Chon chi ti et tren hnh vemaban muon dung ac tnh l ocal 1D .
Hop thoai Local 1D Property c cap nhat
_ Thay oi l a chon Type. Trong v du, chon Thi n box beam. Hnh vexuat hi en pha di
_ Cl i ck nut Component Edi ti on trong hop thoai Local 1D Property emac nh kch thc cho mat
cat. Hop thoai Beam Def i ni ti on xuat hi en .
_ Nhap nhng gi atrvao nhng okhac nhau cua hop thoai Beam Def i ni ti on
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Beam Def i ni ti on .
_ Chon 1 i em cho Ori entati on Geometry .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Local 1D Property.
Local Beam Properti es.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tti on tree pha di 1D Property.1
10/ T o c tnh cho dam - c t o trc o
( Creati ng I mported Beam Properti es )
Yeu tohotrket cau dam sec xem nh lati eu bi eu cho chi ti et 1D suot quatrnh chuyen oi (
c cau khung theo chi eu dai cua mat cat dam c quet tren hnh vesel amat l i 1D ) . Mot ac tnh
cua dam sec tao rat phuhp vi ac tnh c hoc tbang kechi ti et yeu tohotrnhng ket cau.
Tai trong vangam gi chcothec dung tren cac au mut cua dam
Cothel ap mot danh sach nhng mat cat vatao mot thanh phan trong Equi pment Support
Structures workbench , sau ocothenhap vao Generati ve Structural Analysi s workbench.
Mf i l e sampl e10.CATAnal ysi s
Trc oNodes and Elements phai cha oi tng 1D Mesh vaProperti es phai cha oi tng
I mported Beam Property.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng I mported Beam Property.1 trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai I mported Beam
Property xuat hi en .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Cl amp. Hop thoai Cl amp xuat hi en .
_ Chon mot nh cho support.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Cl amp.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Di stri buted Force. Hop thoai Di tri buted Force xuat hi en.
_ Chon mot nh cho support , nhap gi atrl a100N trong oZ.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Di stri buted Force.
_ Tnh toan dao ong : cl i ck vao bi eu tng Compute, chon Al l cho l a chon trong hop thoai Compute
vacl i ck OK.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Def ormati on etrong thay bi en dang cua dam.
11/ T o c tnh th( Creati ng Mappi ng Properties )
Mf i l e sampl e27.CTAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Mappi ng Property .Hop thoai Mappi ng Property xuat hi en.
Name : Thay oi ten cua ac tnh.
Support : Chon 1 chi ti et cho support.
Fi l e :
+ Browse : la chon f i l e xml semac nh cho ac tnh oth.
Synchroni ze f i l e : a en mot bang kehotrmaf i l e xml adung cha trong o.
_ Trong v dunay , chon chi ti et egan ac tnh. Chon Part.1
_ Cl i ck Browse vachon f i l e xml mong muon .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Mappi ng Property. Speci f i tati on tree c cap nhat, Mappi ng Property.1
c thay the.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Chon Mesh Onl y vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai Copute.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Properti es.1 trong speci f i tati on tree vachon Generate I mage tdanh sach soxuong .
_ Cl i ck OK.
12/ Thay i ch i t- ng ( Changi ng El ement Type )
* Thay oi chuecua oi tng 1D
Mf i l e sampl e52.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng 1D property cho hnh ve1D.
_ Chon Bar cho l a chon Type.
_ Cl i ck Cancel trong hop thoai 1D Property.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng 1D Mesh.1 trong speci f i tati on tree ( pha di Nodes and El ements ) vachon
Change Type tdanh sach soxuong . Hop thoai Change Type xuat hi en .
Type :
+ Beam : chuevat l ynay l acan thi et cho tat caac tnh cua dam, cothechon trong hop
thoai 1D Property.
+ Bar : chuevat l ynay c dung neu chon Bar cho chue1D Property.
_ Chon l a chon Type mong muon. ay chon Bar cho l a chon Type.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Change physi cal Type .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng 1D Property . Tnh toan cho trng hp nay.
* Thay Theac tnh vat l ycho oi tng 2D
Mf i l e sampl e51.CATAnal ysi s
_ Ri ght-cl i ck mot oi tng l i 2D trong speci f i tati on tree ( pha di Nodes and El ements ) vachon
Change Type tdanh sach soxuong. Hop thoai Chage phyi cal Type xuat hi en.
Type : chon chueho oi tng 2D
+ Shel l : Tao ac tnh vomong cho chi ti et 2D.
+ Membrane : Tao ac tnh mang mong
+ Share panel : Tao ac tnh l amot tam trt
_ Chon l a chon Type mong muon.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Change Physi cal Type.
13/ T o mt vt liu cho ngi s dng ( Creati ng a User Materi al )
Mf i le smpl e51.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng User Materi al .Hop thoai Li brary xuat hi en
_ Chon vat l i eu mong muon trong hop thoai Li brary. Vi v dunay chon Al umi ni um trong nhan Metal .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Li brary.
Mot oi tng User Materi al .1 xuat hi en trong sepci f i tati on tree pha di Materi al .1
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng User Materi al .1 trong sepci f i tati on tree . Cung cotheRi ght-cl i ck vao oi
tng User Materi al .1 vachon Properti es tdanh sach soxuong. Hop thoai Properti es xuat hi en.
_ Chon nhan Analysi s trong hop thoai Properti es
_ Hi eu chnh cac thong soneu can.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Properti es.
14/ Chp nhn mt vat liu cho phn tch kt ni ( Appl yi ng a Materi al to
Anal ysi s Connecti ons )
Mf i l e sampl e48.CATAnal yi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Mat erial on Anal ysis Connect ion . Hop thoai Li brary xuat hi en .
_ Chon vat l i eu mong muon trong hop thoai Li brary. Vi v dunay chon Al umi ni um trong nhan Metal .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Li brary.
Mot vat l i eu axuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di anal ysi s connecti onn achon
Cothesa oi ac tnh vat l ycua vat l i eu adung.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Materi al trong sepci f i tati on tree . Cung cotheRi ght-cl i ck vao oi tng
Materi al vachon Properti es tdanh sach soxuong. Hop thoai Properti es xuat hi en.
_ Chon nhan Analysi s trong hop thoai Properti es
_ Hi eu chnh cac thong soneu can.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Properti es.
15/ Hiu chnh c tnh vt l ca vt liu ( Modi f yi ng Materi al Physi cal
Properti es )
Mf i l e sampl e51.CATAnal ysi s
_ Ri ght-cl i ck vao oi tng Materi al vachon Properti es tdanh sach soxuong hoac doubl e-cl i ck oi
tng Materi al trong sepci f i tati on tree . Hop thoai Properti es xuat hien.
Trong v duri ght-cl i ck vat l i eu I ron pha di oi tng Part 1-Geomet rical Set .1-Ext rude.1 trong
specifitation tree vacho n Properties t danh sa ch soxuong .
_ Cho n nhan Analysis trong hop thoa i Properties
Materi al : thay oi chuecua vat l i eu .
Structural Properti es : sa oi thong sovat l yl i en ket vi oi tng . Cac thong so
Structural Properti es da vao sl a chon Materi al .
I sotropi c Materi al :
Orthotropi c Materi al 2D :
Fi ber Materi al :
Honey comb materi al :
Orthotropi c Materi al 3D :
Ani sotropi c Materi al : chcogi atrkhi ban acai at ac tnh composi te cho
vat l i eu
_ Chon vat l i eu mong muon trong hop thoai Properti es.
_ Nhap cac thong somong muon trong hop thoai Properti es .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Properti es .
16/ Hiu chnh vt liu ng h- ng ( Edi ti ng a User I sotropi c Materi al )
Mf i l e sampl e48_1.CATAnal ysi s
_ Doubl e-cl i ck vao oi tng User I sotropi c Materi al pha di Materi al .1 trong speci f i tati on tree e
sa oi . Hop thoai I sotropi c Materi al xuat hi en :
Name : thay oi ten cua i sotropi c materi al
Cac ac tnh c hoc cua vat l i eu :
+ Young Modul us (N_m
2
)
+ Poi sson Rati o
+ Densi ty (kg_m
3
)
+ Thermal Expansi on
+ Yi el d strength (N_m
2
)
_ Neu can cothethay oi thong sotrong hop thoai User I sotropi c Materi al .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai User I sotropi c Material .
17/ ng k m hnh ( Checki ng Model )
* ang kytren nhng vat the( Check on Bodi es ) : l aang k cac ac tnh vachc nang hotr
tren cac chi ti et l i ( 1D, 2D, 3D ).
Mf i l e smpl e37.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Model Checker tModel Manager tool bar. Hop thoai Model Checker xuat
hi en.
Nhan Bodi es : a ra danh sach tat cacac chi ti et l i ( 1D, 2D, 3D ) vi nhng ac tnh va
chuc nang hotrtng thch. Cothel oc cac vat the( 1D, 2D, 3D , hay tat cacac vat the) tdanh sach
c thay thedung danh sach soxuong.
Nhan Connecti on : chra mot vai ket noi . Cothel oc nhng ket noi ( Al l, Poi nt, Li ne , Surf ace
hay nhng ket noi khac ) tdanh sach c thay thedung danh sach soxuong.
Nhan Others : chronhng ac trng ( l oads, restrai nts, vi tural parts ).
Neu ban chmac nh 1 ac tnh ( l aac trng ) th cothesao chep mot cach tong ac tnh nay
cho nhi eu hotrkhac nhau. i eu nay sehu ch cho trng hp dl i eu cha nhi eu hnh vekhac nhau
( v du: mot mau bemat l ap rap cha nhi eu hnh vec xay dng vi vat l i eu vaoday nhunhau ).
Hop thoai Model Checker thay thetat cacac chi ti et manoc an nh duy nhat bi mot chi ti et
l i .
Mot trang thai c an nh cho moi chi ti et l i c chon trong hop thoai secho ta bi et :
+ Quen an nh vat l i eu cho chi ti et.
+ Khong an nh hay l aan nh quanhi eu cac chi ti et li .
+ Khong an nh hay l aan nh quanhi eu cac ac tnh.
_ Chon dong trang thai l aKO.
Khi chon chi ti et trong bang , th nhng ac i em tng ng trong speci f i tati on tree vatrong mau
cua nhng ac tnh vavat l i eu c an nh senoi bat l en.
_ Cl i ck OK.
_ Xoa ac tnh 3D Properti es.2 va3D Properti es.3 .
speci f i tati on tree ac cap nhat :
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Model Checker . Hop thoai Model Checker xuat hi en , cothechon dong trang
thai KO .
Mot ac tnh 3D ac nh.
_ Cl i ck nut Compl ete Property >>.
_ Chon dong trang thai l aKO vacl i ck nut .
_ Chon Copy Property.
_ Chon 3D Property trong speci f i tati on tree . Nut Previ ew acogi atrtrong hop thoai Model Checker .
_ Cl i ck Previ ew . Hop thoai Model Checker ac cap nhat :
Mot ac tnh 3D ac tao , vaspeci f i tati on tree cung ac cap nhat.
_ Cl i ck OK .
* Xoa Materi al tmot OCTREE mesh part :
Mf i l e sampl e38.CATAnal ysi s .
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Model Checker tModel Manager tool bar.
Trong trng hp nay khong cochi ti et nao c mac nh cho Part1.3 .
_ Cl i ck OK.
_ Tao mot chi tiet l i c dung tren chi ti et khoi cua Part1.3 .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Model Checker .
Cac ac i em bay gi aphuhp : tat cacac trang thai l aOK.
_ Cl i ck OK.
* ang kytren nhng ket noi : axoa chi ti et l i cua mot chi ti et c ket noi
en chi ti et khac.
Trong nhng chdan khac nhau phai ang kyhoan thanh nhng ket noi vng chac : nhnhng
chi ti et l i , nhng ac tnh , nhng vat l i eu ; aket noi cac support makhong l i en ket vi nhng chi
ti et l i ; nhng ket noi chong l en nhau vacon nhi eu thkhac na.
Mf i l e sampl e50.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Model Checker tModel Manager tool bar.
Hop thoai Model Checker xuat hi en .
Hop thoai Model Checker vanhan connecti ons thay thetat cacac chi ti et mac an nh bi
mot ket noi duy nhat :
Mat l i vaac tnh c an nh cho chi ti et l i nay
aket noi cac mat l i
San pham cua nhng rang buoc ac an nh
Materi al ( khong cosxung ot nao tren nhng ket noi cogi atr).
Khi chon mot chi ti et l i aket noi trong bang th nhng ac i em tng ng trong speci f i tati on
tree vatrong mau cua nhng ac tnh vavat l ieu c an nh senoi bat l en.
Trong trng hp nay bemat khong comot chi ti et l i nao c mac nh tren no.
_ Cl i ck OK.
_ Tao mot chi ti et l i tren hnh ve.
* ang kytren nhng thkhac : tai trong , ngam gi , trong l ng
Mf i l e sampl e50.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Model Check tModel Manager tool bar.
Hop thoai Model Check xuat hi en
_ Xoa OCTREE Tetrehedron Mesh.1:Part1.1 trong speci f i tati on tree
Hop thoai Model Check vanhan Others thay thetat cac nhng net ac trng c chra khong
chnh xac, tng ng cuthetren dong trang thai.Trong v dunay, Cl amp.1 l aKO cho chi tiet ngam gi
c an nh abxoa.
_ Cl i ck OK eri bohop thoai .Sdao ong v thec them vao chi ti et l i en mot chi ti et khong
coket qua.
v / nh m c c i t - ng
1/ Nhm nhng im ( Groupi ng Poi nts )
Nhom nhng oi tng cho phep ta thc hi en l ai nhng ac i em kythuat, mac nh l ai nhom
cua nhng oi tng ( i em, ng thang, mat phang hay vat the) vatao ra nhng hnh anh tnhng
nhom oi tng nay.
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au phai thc hi en vi ec tobong vat the: View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize
View vachac chan cac l a chon Shadi ng, Outl i nes, Materi al s phai c kch hoat trong hop thoai
Custom Vi ew Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Poi nt Group . Hop thoai Poi nt Group xuat hi en .
_ Chon nhng i em l i en tuc ban muon nhom l ai .
Hop thoai Poi nt Group ac cap nhat.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Poi nt Group.
Mot oi tng Poi nt Group.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree nhng nokhong c cap nhat.
_ Cap nhat Poi nt Group. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bi en dang, ng suat hi eu dung, chuyen vva
ng suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em ac
chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh anh cua
ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai I mage
Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Poi nt Group.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
th ta sethay nhng i em thuoc nhom .
2/ Nhm nhng - ng thng ( Groupi ng Li nes )
Cac yeu cau tng tnh trng hp nhom nhng i em.
Mf i l e sampl e 49.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Li ne Group . Hop thoai Li ne Group xuat hi en
_ Chon nhng ng thang l i en ti ep nhau maban muon nhom l ai .Hop thoai Li ne Group ac cap
nhat.
Hop thoai Li ne Group ac cap nhat.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Li ne Group. Mot oi tng Li ne Group.1 axuat hi en trong speci f i tati on
tree nhng khong c update.
_ Update nhom ng thang. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bien dang, ng suat hi eu dung, chuyen v
vang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em ac
chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh anh cua
ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai I mage
Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Li ne Group.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
th ta sethay nhng ng thang c nhom.
3/ Nhm nhng bmt ( Groupi ng Surf aces )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Surf ace Group . Hop thoai Surf ace Group xuat hi en .
_ Chon nhng bemat l i en tuc nhau maban muon nhom l ai .
Hop thoai Surf ace Group ac updated.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Surf ace Group.
Mot oi tng Surf ace Group.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree vakhong c Update.
_ Update nhom nhng bemat. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bi en dang, ng suat hi eu dung, chuyen
vvang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em a
c chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh anh
cua ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai I mage
Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Li ne Group.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
th ta sethay ket qua.
4/ Nhm nhng vt th( Groupi ng Bodi es )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Body Group . Hop thoai Body Group xuat hien
_ Chon nhng vat thel i en tuc nhau maban muon nhom l ai .
Hop thoai Body Group ac Update
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Body Group .
Mot oi tng Body Group.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree vakhong c Update.
_ Update nhom vat the. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bi en dang, ng suat hi eu dung, chuyen vva
ng suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em ac
chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh anh cua
ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai I mage
Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Li ne Group.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
th ta sethay ket qua.
5/ Nhm hnh hp ( Box Group )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s .
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Box Group . Hop thoai Box Group xuat hi en.
Name : cothethay oi ten cua Box Group.
I nacti ve/Acti ve : nhom ri eng tng cai sdung smac nh l ai vtr hay a l ai kch
tht cho mot hnh hop dung truc xoay vacong cuao chi eu.
Sel ect an extremum : chon vtr cua hnh hop xung quanh mot i em cc tr.
_ Kch hoat hnh hop, chon nut pha di
Trang thai vtr vakch tht cua hnh hop cothethay oi .
Truc xoay vacong cuao chi eu ( mau o) exac nh vtr vakch tht cua hnh hop.
_ Thay oi vtr cua hnh hop. Dung truc xoay keo vathanoec vtr mong muon.
_ Lam l ai kch tht cua hnh hop . Chon mot i em ao chi eu ( mani pul ator) keo vathara ec v
tr mong muon.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Box Group.
Mot oi tng Box Group.1 axuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Group.1
_ Kch hoat hnh anh Von Mi ses Stress ( nodal val ues ).1 , cho v dunay Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mi ses Stress (
nodal val ues ).1 vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve tdanh sach xoxuong .
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Extrema vachon Local update tdanh sach soxuong.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Box Group.1 trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai Box Group xuat hi en .
_ Cl i ck nut Sel ect an extramum trong hop thoai .
_ Chon mot mot i em cc tracotrong speci f i tati on tree. Trong trng hp nay chon oi tng
Gl obal Mi ni um.2
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Box Group .
_ Update oi tng Box Group.1 . Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bi en dang, ng suat hi eu dung,
chuyen vvang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em
ac chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh
anh cua ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai I mage
Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Box Group.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai I mage Edi ti on
th ta sethay ket quaxung quanh nhomhnh hop.
6/ Nhm hnh cu ( Sphere Group )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Sphere Group . Hop thoai Sphere Group xuat hi en
Name : cothethay oi ten cua Sphere Group.
I nacti ve/Acti ve : nhom ri eng tng cai sdung smac nh l ai vtr hay a l ai kch
tht cho mot hnh hop dung truc xoay vacong cuao chi eu.
Sel ect an extremum : chon vtr cua hnh hop xung quanh mot i em cc tr.
_ Kch hoat hnh hop, chon nut pha di
Trang thai vtr vakch tht cua hnh cau cothethay oi .
Truc xoay vacong cuao chi eu ( mau o) exac nh vtr vakch tht cua hnh hop.
_ Thay oi vtr cua hnh cau. Dung truc xoay keo vathanoec vtr mong muon.
_ Lam l ai kch tht cua hnh cau . Chon mot i em ao chi eu ( mani pul ator) keo vathara ec v
tr mong muon.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Sphere Group.
Mot oi tng Sphere Group.1 ac thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree pha di Group.1
_ Kch hoat hnh anh Von Mi ses Stress ( nodal val ues ).1 , cho v dunay Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mi ses Stress (
nodal val ues ).1 vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve tdanh sach xoxuong .
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Extrema vachon Local update tdanh sach soxuong.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Sphere Group.1 trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai Sphere Group xuat hi en .
_ Cl i ck nut Sel ect an extramum trong hop thoai .
_ Chon mot mot i em cc tracotrong speci f i tati on tree. Trong trng hp nay chon oi tng
Gl obal Mi ni um.2
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Box Group .
_ Update oi tng Box Group.1 . Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bi en dang, ng suat hi eu dung,
chuyen vvang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em
ac chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh
anh cua ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi . Hop thoai
I mage Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Sphere Group.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop thoai I mage
Edi ti on th ta sethay ket quaxung quanh nhomhnh cau.
7/ Nhm nhng im ln cn ( Groupi ng Poi nts by Nei ghborhood )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood . Hop thoai Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood
xuat hi en .
Name:chroten cua nhom.
Supports: chon nhng i em maban muon nhom l ai .
+ Ban cothechon chnhng i em hay nhng nh cho poi nt group nei ghborhood Support.
+ Nhng nhom nay cogi atregi nhng oi tng gan nut.
Tol erance : mac nh gi atrkhoang cach.
_ Chon nhng i em l an can maban muon nhom l ai .
Hop thoai Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood c update
_ Nhap gi atrtol erance. Trong trng hp nay, nhap 5mm cho gi atrTol erance.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood
Mot oi tng Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree nhng khong
c update .
_ Update nhom nhng i em gan nhau. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bien dang, ng suat hi eu dung,
chuyen vvang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em
ac chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh
anh cua ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi . Hop thoai
I mage Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop
thoai I mage Edi tion .
8/ Nhm nhng - ng thng ln cn ( Groupi ng Li nes by Nei ghborhood )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood . Hop thoai Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood xuat
hi en .
Name:chroten cua nhom.
Supports: chon nhng ng thang maban muon nhom l ai .
+ Ban cothechon chnhng Edges hay 1D Features cho l i ne group nei ghborhood Support.
+ Nhng nhom nay cogi atregi nhng oi tng gan nut.
Tol erance : mac nh gi atrkhoang cach.
_ Chon nhng ong thang l an can maban muon nhom l ai .
Hop thoai Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood c update
_ Nhap gi atrtol erance. Trong trng hp nay, nhap 3mm cho gi atrTol erance.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood
Mot oi tng Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree nhng khong
c update .
_ Update nhom nhng i em gan nhau. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bien dang, ng suat hi eu dung,
chuyen vvang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em
ac chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh
anh cua ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi . Hop thoai
I mage Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop
thoai I mage Edi tion .
9/ Nhm nhng mt phng ln cn ( Groupi ng Surf aces by Nei ghborhood )
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood .. Hop thoai Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood
xuat hi en .
Name:chroten cua nhom.
Supports: chon nhng ng thang maban muon nhom l ai .
+ Ban cothechon chnhng Surf ace hay 2D Features cho surf ace group nei ghborhood Support.
+ Nhng nhom nay cogi atregi nhng oi tng gan nut.
Tol erance : mac nh gi atrkhoang cach.
_ Chon nhng bemat l an can maban muon nhom l ai .
Hop thoai Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood c update
_ Nhap gi atrtol erance. Trong trng hp nay, nhap 8mm cho gi atrTol erance.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood
Mot oi tng Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree nhng khong
c update .
_ Update nhom nhng i em gan nhau. Bay gi , ta cothethay hnh anh bien dang, ng suat hi eu dung,
chuyen vvang suat ti han. Mot, hai hay tat canhng hnh vechtng trng cho nhom nhng i em
ac chon. Nhng canh nay l agi ong nhau cho nam hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay ta sethay hnh
anh cua ng suat hi eu dung.
_ Kch hoat ng suat hi eu dung. Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Stress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on
tree vachon Acti ve/Deacti ve .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Tress ( gi atrnut ) trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi . Hop thoai
I mage Edi ti on xuat hi en.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood.1 trong nhan Sel ecti on vacl i ck Ok trong hop
thoai I mage Edi tion .
10/ T o nhng nhm pha d- i chi tit l- i ( Creati ng Groups Under a Mesh
Part )
Tao hnh vecho nhng nhom ( poi nt, l i ne, surf ace ) vanhng nhom l an can ( poi nt, l i ne,
surf ace ) pha di mot chi ti et l i ac bi et .
Mf i l e sampl e49.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck mot chi ti et li trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Nodes and El ements vachon Creat
Group tdanh sach soxuong . Trong trng hp nay ri ght-cl i ck Advanced Surf ace Mesh.1 trong
speci f i tati on tree vanoa en mot bang l i et kephuhoan chnh.
Poi nt Group : Tao hnh vecua nhom nhng i em
Li ne Group : Tao hnh vecua nhom nhng ng thang
Surf ace Group : Tao hnh vecua nhom nhng bemat
Poi nt Group by Nei ghborhood : Tao hnh vecua nhom nhng i em l an can
Li ne Group by Nei ghborhood : Tao hnh vecua nhom nhng ng l an can
Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood : Tao hnh vecua nhom nhng bemat l an can
_ Chon i eu ban mong muon tdanh sach phutren. Trong trng hp nay chon Creat e Group ->
Surface Group by Neighbor hood .
Hop thoai Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood xuat hi en
_ Neu can cothethay oi ten cua nhom.
_ Chon nhng support maban muon mac nh cho nhom. Trong trng hp nay, chon vai mat phang
l i en tuc nhau maban muon nhom l ai .
_ Nhap gi atrtol erance neu ban muon tao nhom l an can nhau. Trong trng hp nay, nhap 1mm cho
gi atrTol erance.
_ Cl i ck OK .
Trong v dunay, mot oi tng Surf ace Group by Nei ghborhood.1 xuat hi en pha di OCTREE
Tetrahedron Mesh.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
11/ Cp nht nhng nhm i t- ng ( Updati ng Groups )
Mf i l e sampl e49_2.CATAnal ysi s . Mot nhom ng thang, mot nhom bemat, mot nhom
vat theac tao.
Bi eu tng trong speci f i tati on tree chra nhng nhom cha c update.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Surf ace Group.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Chon Update Group tdanh sach soxuong .
Bi eu tng khong xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree
_ Hi eu chnh nhom bemat.
Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Surf ace Group.1 trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai Surf ace Group xuat
hi en.
_ Chon mot bemat vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai Surf ace Group
Bi eu tng xuat hi en trl ai trong speci f i tati on tree
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Group.1 trong speci f i tati on tree vachon Update Al l Groups tdanh sach soxuong.
Bi eu tng khong xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree
12 / Nhn r a nhm ( Anal yze Group )
Mf i l e sampl e49_1.CATAnal ysi s
_ Nhom bemat ac update.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck nhom bemat trong speci f i tati on tree vachon Anal yze Group tdanh sach soxuong
. Hop thoai Group Content xuat hi en .
Node : chrosonut thuoc venhom ac chon vaban thay nhng nut tren hnh ve.
El ement : chrosooi tng thuoc nhom ac chon vaban thay conhng oi
tng nay tren hnh ve.
Face of el ement : chrosomat phang cua oi tng thuoc nhom ac chon vaban
thay conhng mat phang oi tng nay tren hnh ve.
Edge of el ement : chrosocanh cua oi tng thuoc nhom ac chon vaban thay
conhng canh cua oi tng nay tren hnh ve.
_ Chon l a chon Node trong hop thoai Group Content .
Hop thoai Group Content chrosonut thuoc nhom achon.
Trong v dunay ban thay co90 nut trong nhom c chon. Tuy nhi en, nhng nut cothec
nhn thay tren hnh ve.
_ Chon l a chon Face of el ement trong hop thoai Group Content. Cahop thoai Group Content vahnh
veac Update.
Neu ban chmuon thay mat phang cua oi tng ( khong thay nut ), khong kch hoat l a chon
Node trong hop thoai Group Content. Ban setrong thay ket quahoan chnh :
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Group Content.
13/ T o mt phn tch kt ni ( General Anal ysi s Conneti on )
Tao mot phan tch ket noi edung ket noi mot vai chi ti et trong mot l ap rap macohay khong
comot i em i eu khi en, tren mot mau l ap rap. i eu nay cothec thc hi en gi a vai chuthehnh
hoc, norat coch khi ban muon bi eu di en hnh dang cua chi tiet khi cha thi et kechi ti et thc te.
Ban cothel i en ket 2 phan tch phutrong mot phan tch l ap rap khi sdung phan tch ket noi .
Sket noi c l i en ket bi 2 oi tng. Mot oi tng cothel a:
+ Mot vect
+ Mot canh hay nhi eu canh
+ Mot bemat hay nhi eu bemat
+ Mot ac trng c hoc ( i .e.sketch, pad, assembl e, remove)
+ Mot nhom oi tng
Mot ket noi vi mot vect tren mot mat th khong coi em i eu khi en.
Mf i l e sampl e42.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng General Analysi s Connecti on . Hop thoai General Anal ysi s Connecti on xuat
hi en .
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .
+ ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on l akhong cogi atrcho vect vaac trng c hoc.
+ ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on cua canh vabemat phai ong nhat thuoc cung chi ti et l i.
+ ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on cua nhom l akhong cogi atr.
Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohi eu l c khi ban chon mot support
Second component : chon oi tng thhai cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .
+ ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on l akhong cogi atrcho vect vaac trng c hoc.
+ ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on cua canh vabemat phai ong nhat thuoc cung chi ti et l i.
+ ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on cua nhom l akhong cogi atr.
Handl er poi nt : ban hay chmot i em i eu khien tuy y.
_ Chon oi tng th1 .
Trong v dunay, chon 2 canh thuoc chi ti et Part3 ( Part 3.1 ).
_ Kch hoat Second Component. Chon hop Second Component chpha di .
_ Chon oi tng th2.
Trong v dunay, chon 2 bemat thuoc chi ti et Part3 ( Part 3.1 ).
_ Tuy yban cothekch hoat Handler poi nt bi sl a chon hop Handl er poi nt.
Trong v dunay ban khong can chon mot Handler poi nt .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai General Anal ysi s Connecti on . Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho General
Connecti on c trong thay.
oi tng General Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 c thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree pha di Anal ysi s
Connecti on Manager.1
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
14/ Phn tch im kt ni ( Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on )
Mf i l e sampl e48.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Poi nt Analysi s Connecti on . Hop thoai Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .Ban cothechon 1
vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et li .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Second component : chon oi tng thhai cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi . Ban cothechon
1 vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et l i .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
_ Chon oi tng th1 .
Trong v dunay, chon Part6 ( Part 6.1 ).
_ Kch hoat Second Component. Chon hop Second Component chpha di .
_ Chon oi tng th2.
Trong v dunay, chon Part5 ( Part 5.1 ).
_ Kch hoat Poi nts. Cho v dunay, chon hop Poi nts chpha di .
_ Chon nhng i em han. Chon nhng i em mvat the( pha di Part5). Mot kyhi eu tng trng cua
ket noi i em xuat hi en tren l ap rap.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on
oi tng Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 c thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree pha di Anal ysi s
Connecti on Manager.1
15/ Phn tch im kt ni tr ong mt chi tit
(Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part )
Mf i l e sampl e09.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part . Hop thoai Poi nt Anal ysi s
Connecti on Wi thi n One Part xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .Ban cothechon 1
vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et li .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Poi nts : chon mot i em han . Ban cothechon vat themcha vai i em.
_ Chon mot vat them. Chon vat themExtrude.1 trong speci f i tati on tree hay chon hnh vepha di :
_ Kch hoat Poi nts. Cho v dunay, chon hop Poi nts chpha di .
_ Chon nhng i em han. Chon nhng i em mvat theOpen body.2 ( Poi nts) trong speci f i atti on tree.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on
oi tng Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti onWi thi n One Part.1 c thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree
pha di Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
16/ Phn tch kt ni - ng ( Li ne Anal ysi s Connecti on )
Mf i l e sampl e48.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Li ne Analysi s Connecti on . Hop thoai Poi nt Anal ysi s Connecti on xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .Ban cothechon 1
vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et li .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Second component : chon oi tng thhai cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi . Ban cothechon
1 vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et l i .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Li nes : ban hay chon mot ng han.
+ Mul ti -sel ecti on khong cogi atr.
+ Mot ng thang cothel a: mot ng vi en, mot ac trng ( ng thang, ng cong ).
Gui de l i ne on each component : chon ng thang th2 nh hng cho ket noi .
_ Chon oi tng th1 .
Trong v dunay, chon Fi l l .1 trong Part6 ( Part 6.1 ).
_ Kch hoat Second Component. Chon hop Second Component chpha di .
_ Chon oi tng th2.
Trong v dunay, chon Extrude.1 trong Part5 ( Part 5.1 ).
_ Kch hoat Li nes . Cho v dunay, chon hop Li nes chpha di .
_ Chon ng thang mong muon. Chon canh hoan chnh.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Li ne Anal ysi s Connecti on
oi tng Li ne Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 c thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree pha di Anal ysi s
Connecti on Manager.1.
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
17/ Phn tch kt ni - ng tr ong mt chi tit
( Li ne Ananl ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part )
Mf i l e sampl e09.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Li ne Analysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part . Hop thoai Li ne Anal ysi s Connecti on
Wi thi n One Part xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .Ban cothechon 1
vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et li .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Second component : chon oi tng thhai cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi . Ban cothechon
1 vat the( 2D, 3D ) hay mot chi ti et l i .
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Li nes : ban hay chon mot ng han.
+ Mul ti -sel ecti on khong cogi atr.
+ Mot ng thang cothel a: mot ng vi en, mot ac trng ( ng thang, ng cong ).
Gui de l i ne on each component : chon ng thang th2 nh hng cho ket noi .
_ Chon mot vat them. Chon vat themExtrude.1
_ Kch hoat Li nes . Cho v dunay, chon hop Li nes chpha di .
_ Chon ng thang. Chon nhng Li ne.1 trong vat themOpen body.2 ( Poi nts) trong speci f i atti on
tree.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Li ne Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part
oi tng Li ne Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part.1 c thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree
pha di Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1.
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
18/ Phn tch kt ni mt phng ( Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on )
Mf i l e sampl e11.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on . Hop thoai Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .Ban cothechon 1
vat the( 2D, 3D). ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on sekhong cotac dung.
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Second component : chon oi tng thhai cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi . Ban cothechon
1 vat the( 2D, 3D ) . ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on sekhong cotac dung.
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Surf aces : ban hay chon mot bemat han.
+ Mul ti -sel ecti on khong cogi atr.
+ Mot ng thang cothel a: ban cothechon mot vat the2D hay mot bemat bam dnh.
_ Chon oi tng th1 .
Trong v dunay, chon Support.1- Fi l l .4
_ Kch hoat Second Component. Chon hop Second Component chpha di .
_ Chon oi tng th2.
Trong v dunay, chon Support.2-Fi l l .3.
_ Kch hoat Surf aces . Cho v dunay, chon hop Surf aces chpha di .
_ Chon bemat mong muon .Trong v dunay chon Surf ace.1-Fi l l .3 c chpha di .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on .
oi tng Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 c thay thetrong speci f i tati on tree pha di
Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1.
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
19/ Phn tch kt ni mt phng tr ong mt chi tit
(Surf ace A nal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part )
Mf i l e sampl e11.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part . Hop thoai Surf ace Anal ysi s
Connecti on Wi thi n One Part xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon oi tng au ti en cua chi tet c dung cho ket noi .Ban cothechon 1
vat the( 2D, 3D). ac tnh Mul ti -sel ecti on sekhong cotac dung.
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : cohieu l c khi ban chon mot support
Surf aces : ban hay chon mot bemat han.
+ Mul ti -sel ecti on khong cogi atr.
+ Mot bemat cothel a: ban cothechon mot vat the2D hay mot bemat bam dnh.
_ Chon support. Trong v dunay, chon OneSupport.1- Extrude.1 c chpha di :
_ Kch hoat Surf aces . Cho v dunay, chon hop Surf aces chpha di .
_ Chon bemat mong muon .Trong v dunay chon Surf ace.2-Fi l l .5 c chpha di .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part.1
oi tng Surf ace Anal ysi s Connecti on Wi thi n One Part.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha
di Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1.
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
20/ Phn tch kt ni im v i i m ( point to point analysis connection )
Mf i l e sampl e33.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Poi nts to Poi nts Anal ysi s Connecti on . Hop thoai Poi nts to Poi nts Analysi s
Connecti on xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon mot i em, mot vect hay mot cai at nhng i em hnh hoc. ac tnh
Mul ti -sel ecti on vanhi eu cai at nhng i em hnh hoc sekhong cotac dung.
+ Mesh Parts : chon mesh parts maban muon dung cho l a chon Fi st component.
Second component : chon mot i em, mot vect hay mot cai at nhng i em hnh hoc. ac tnh
Mul ti -sel ecti on vanhi eu cai at nhng i em hnh hoc sekhong cotac dung.
+ Sel ect Mesh Parts : chon mesh parts maban muon dung cho l a chon Second component
_ Chon cai at nhng i em hnh hoc. Trong v dunay, chon 6 vect.
_ Kch hoat Mesh Parts.
_ Chon chi ti et l i cho l a chon cai at nhng i em hnh hoc.
_ Kch hoat Second component.
_ Chon cai at nhng i em hnh hoc th2.
_ Chon chi ti et l i cho l a chon cai at nhng i em hnh hoc.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Poi nts to Poi nts Anal ysi s Connecti on .
oi tng Poi nts to Poi nts Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di
Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1.
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
21/ Phn tch im tr n bmt ( point analysis inter face )
Mf i l e sampl e39.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Poi nts Anal ysi s I nterf ace . Hop thoai Poi nts Analysi s I nterf ace xuat hi en.
Name : ban cothethay oi ten cua ket noi
Fi st component : chon mot i em, mot vect hay mot cai at nhng i em hnh hoc.
Mesh Parts : chon mesh parts maban muon dung .
_ Chon nhng i em cho Fi st component . Trong v dunay, chon 6 i em hnh hoc.Ban cothethay trong
speci f i tati on tree : Poi nt.1, Poi nt.2, Poi nt.3, Poi nt.4, Poi nt.5 vaPoi nt.6.
_ Kch hoat Mesh Parts.
_ Chon Mesh Parts mong muon.
Trong v dunay chon Surf ace Mesh.1 cho mesh parts trong speci f i tati on tree .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Poi nts Anal ysi s I nterf ace.
oi tng Poi nts Anal ysi s I nterf ace.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Anal ysi s
Connecti on Manager.1.
_ Ban cotheupdate phan tch ket noi nay :
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Chon Update al l ananal ysi s connecti ons tdanh sach soxuong.
v i / c t nh c a nh ng k t n i
Trong khi thc hi en cac bc nay ban atao mot Fi ni te El ement Model cocha mot Stati c
Anal ysi s Case .
1/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni tr - t ( Creati ng Sl i der Connecti on Properti es )
Qua trnh hnh thanh nhng ket noi sebao gom nhng ac i em sau ay :
Moi nut cua canh ben bemat l i c chi eu song song thng vepha ben ngoai cua mat l i
thnhat pha tren cua mat l i thhai.
Mot i em chi eu sec at vao mot vtr bat kekhi nao khi hng chi eu bchan vi mat phang
l i th2.
Neu mot i em chi eu aton tai ,th nut bat au c ket noi bi oi tng trt ong hoc en tat ca
cac nut cua oi tng mat phang l ai em chi eu aco.
Mot tap hp cac moi l i en hecua ket noi ( bao ham camoi l i en hegi a oi tng mau vadam l i en
ket ) c tnh toan gi a bac tdo cua nut bat au vabac tdo cua tat cacac nut ac ket noi .
Nhng moi quan henay thng c chi eu tren mot hng chi eu cong , mot moi quan hevo
hng n gi a bac tdo cua nut bat au vabac tdo cua nhng nut aket noi .
V vay, ket noi trt tao ra tai hau het cac oi tng trt ong hoc , cac nut tren canh ben cua
mat l i mahng chi eu nam tren mat l i oi di en aco.
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au :ban atao mot Fi ni te El ement Model cocha mot Stati c Anal ysi s Case .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Sl i der Connecti on Property . Hop thoai Sl i der Connecti on Property xuat hi en
_ Chon mot rang buoc l ap rap atao trc otrong Assembl y Desi gn Workbench . Chcotac dung vi
nhng rang buoc cua 2 bemat ti ep xuc nhau .
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ac tnh ket noi trt c trong thay tren hnh ve
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Sl i der Connecti on Property. Chuy2 oi tng xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on
tree :
+ Mot oi tng Sl i der Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes and El ements
+ Mot oi tng Sl i der Property.1 pha di Property.1
2/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni ti p xc ( Creati ng Contact Connecti on
Properti es )
Qua trnh hnh thanh ket noi sebao gom nhng ac i em sau ay :
Moi nut cua canh ben bemat vat thec chi eu song song thng vephi abengoai cua bemat
thnhat pha tren cua bemat thhai .
Mot i em chi eu sec at vao mot vtr bat kekhi nao khi hng chi eu bchan vi bemat l i
th2.
Neu mot i em chi eu aton tai ,th nut bat au c ket noi bi mot oi tng node-to-surf ace vi
nhng ac tnh ket noi en tat cacac nut cua oi tng mat phang l ai em chi eu aco.
Mot tap hp cac moi l i en hecua ket noi c tnh toan gi a bac tdo cua i em chi eu vabac tdo
cua nhng oi tng nut cua mat phang .
Moi quan heong hoc cua vat thecng c tnh gi a nut bat au vanut chi eu.
Sau khi l oai bobac tdo cua nhng i em chi eu , mot quan hecua ket noi c tao ra bi nhng
moi quan hetrong hng chi eu cong thong thng mot bat ang thc vohng n, vi bemat ngang
ben tay phai en khoang hmangi dung amac nh.
V vay, ket noi ti ep xuc tao ra tai hau het cac oi tng node-to-f ace vi nhng ac tnh ti ep xuc,
cac nut tren canh ben cua mat l i mahng chi eu nam tren mat l i oi di en aco.
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au :ban atao mot Fi ni te El ement Model cocha mot Stati c Anal ysi s Case .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Contact Connecti on Property . Hop thoai Contact Connecti on Property xuat hien
Cl earence cothec dung enhap mot gi atrai sol n nhat cho phep bi en oi khoang h
bnh thng :
+ Mot gi atrohdng : nhng bemat van ong kn trc khi chung ti ep xuc vi nhau.
+ Mot gi atroham: nhng bemat aong vachng trnh sea chung ve1 ben.
+ Mot gi atrohmac nh : ti eu bi eu cho nhng khoang cach hnh hoc xac nh gi a cac be
mat.
_ Chon mot rang buoc l ap rap atao trc otrong Assembl y Desi gn Workbench . Chcotac dung vi
nhng rang buoc cua 2 bemat ti ep xuc nhau .
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ac tnh ket noi trt c trong thay tren hnh ve
_ Hi eu chnh gi atrtuy ycua oh.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Contact Connecti on Property. Chuy2 oi tng xuat hi en trong
speci f i tati on tree :
+ Mot oi tng Contact Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes and El ements
+ Mot oi tng Contact Property.1 pha di Property.1
3/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni buc cht ( Creati ng Fastened Connecti on
Properti es )
Ket noi buoc chat l asl i en ket gi a 2 vat thec buoc chat cung nhau tai gi ao tuyen chung
cua no.
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tong Fastened Connecti on Properti es . Hop thoai Fastened Connecti on
Properti es xuat hi en .
_ Chon mot rang buoc l ap rap atao trc otrong Assembl y Desi gn Workbench. Chcho phep rang
buoc gi a 2 bemat ti ep xuc. Mot k hi eu tung trng cho ac tnh ket noi buoc chat xuat hi en vac
trong thay tren bemat tng ng.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Fastened Connecti on Properti es .Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en trong
speci f i tati on tree.
+ Mot oi tng Fastened Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di nodes and el ements
+ Mot oi tng Fastened Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di
Property.1
4/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni buc cht n hi
( Creati ng Fastened Spri ng Connecti on Properti es )
Laket noi an hoi gi a 2 bemat
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Fastened Spri ng Connecti on Properti es . Hop thoai Fastened Spri ng
Connecti on Properti es xuat hi en .
_ Chon mot rang buoc an khp ( conci dence constrai ns ) hay mot khp noi atao trc otrong
Assembl y Desi gn Workbench. Mot k hi eu tung trng cho ac tnh ket noi buoc chat an hoi xuat hi en
vac trong thay tren bemat tng ng.
_ Nhap gi atrTransl ati on hay Rotati on mong muon. Trong v dunay nhap 2 gi atrTransl ati on
Sti f f ness 2 vaTransl ati on Sti f f ness 3 l a70N_m.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Fastened Spri ng Connecti on Properti es . Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en trong
speci f i tati on tree.
+ Mot oi tng Fastened Spri ng Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di nodes and el ements
+ Mot oi tng Fastened Spri ng Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha
di Property.1
5/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni kh p v i nhau bi p lc
( Creati ng Pressure Fi tti ng Connecti on Properti es )
Li en ket bi ap l c dung cho nhng bemat ti ep xuc vi nhau trong l ap rap. Mot ket noi ap l c
l asl i en ket gi a 2 vat themachung c l i en ket vi nhau bi ap lc.
Mf i l e sampl e 16.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Pressure Fi tti ng Connecti on Property . Hop thoai Pressure Fi tti ng Connecti on
Property xuat hi en
Name : ban cothethay oi ac tnh cua ket noi .
Support : chon nhng supports maban muon thc hi en.
Overl ap : nhap gi atrai sol n nhat mac nh khoang cach gi a 2 bemat. Phan goi l en
nhau chra gi ao tuyen cua ca2 chi ti et . Gom 3 gi atrl a:
+ Ga trkhoang cach dng ( posi ti ve Overl ap val ue )
+ Ga trkhoang cach am ( negati ve Overl ap val ue )
+ Ga trmac nh ( def aut value )
_ Chon mot rang buoc l ap rap atao trc otrong Assembl y Desi gn Workbench . Chcotac dung oi
vi nhng bemat l ap rap ti ep xuc vi nhau.
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ket noi ap l c xuat hi en tren bemat tng ng.
_ Hi eu chnh tuy ygi atrmac nh cua thong sokhoang cach . ay ta nhap 0.001mm.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Pressure Fi tti ng Connecti on Property .Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en trong
speci f i tati on tree.
+ Mot oi tng Pressure Fi tti ng Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes And El ements
+ Mot oi tng Pressure Fi tti ng Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha
di Property.1
6/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni cht cht
( Creati ng Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Properti es )
Mot ket noi chot chat oi hoi mot rang buoc bemat cua chuef ace-f ace gi a chot ren val o
ren vacahai phai an khp vi nhau.
Trong v dunay, Surf ace 1 vaSurf ace 2 c dung cho rang buoc l ap rap cua nhng bemat ti ep
xuc vi nhau.
Mot ket noi chot chat l aket noi mata dung etnh sc cang trong l ap rap. Vi ec tnh toan c
ti en hanh theo hai bc . Bc th1, mau sechu l c cang tng ng vi chot do phan l c tren chot va
tren l oren. Sau o, trong bc th2, khoang cach tng oi cua 2 bemat sephat si nh trong khi mau
chu tac dung cua tai trong . Trong suot quatrnh tnh toan cua 2 bc , chot vakhoang cach c li en
ket vi nhau theo hng cua truc chot.
Mf i l e sampl e21.CATAnal ysi s .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property . Hop thoai Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on
Property xuat hi en.
_ Chon mot rang buoc l ap rap cho phan tch ket noi . Trong v dunay, ta chon Coincidence.1 ( Part 4.1,
Vis.1) trong specifitation tree.
_ Hie u chnh tu y ygiatrmac nh cua cac tho ng solc vah ng. Chon hng sao cho h ng cua ke t no i chot chat
tre n hnh minh hoa tru ng vi hng cua cho t.
Same Or ient at ion Opposi t e Or ient at ion
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property.
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ket noi chot chat xuat hi en tren bemat tng ng.
Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Mot oi tng Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes And El ements
+ Mot oi tng Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha
di Property.1
7/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni cng
( Creati ng Ri gi d Connecti on Properti es )
Ket noi buoc chat l al i en ket cng vachat l ai vao nhau gi a hai vat thetai gi ao tuyen chung cua
chung. Khi cac vat thecon an khp oc l ap vi nhau th l i en ket cng sel am cho cac vat thebuoc chat
vao nhau.
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s. Trc khi bat au ban atao mot Fi ni te El ement Model cha
mot Stati c Anal ysi s Case.
_ Cl i ck vao bi eu tng Ri gi d Connecti on Property . Hop thoai Ri gi d Connecti on Property xuat hi en
_ Chon 1 phan tch ket noi . Trong v dunay, ban chon General Anal ysis Connect ion.1 trong specifitation
tree ( pha d i Analysis Connection Manager.1 )
_ Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ket noi cng c trong thay tren bemat tng ng .
Bi mac nh, neu ban khong kch hoat sl a chon transmi tted degrees of f reedom, tat cacac bac
tdo ac khai bao. Ban cung cothethay vai bac tdo eket noi ri eng bi et neu can thi et. Bac t
do c nhan thay tai cac gi atrodai vohng.
Translat ion 1 = Translat ion in x
Translat ion 2 = Translat ion in y
Translat ion 3 = Translat ion in z
Rot at ion 1 = Rot at ion in x
Rot at ion 2 = Rot at ion in y
Rot at ion 3 = Rot at ion in z
Hethong tuc toa otrong hop thoai cho phep ban chon gi a hethong toa oGl obal hay User-
def i ned emac nh hng chbac tdo.
Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en gi a
chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban phai
kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong f eatures tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
Neu chon User-def i ned Axi s System th hop thoai Local ori entati on cho phep ban chon gi a
Cartersai n vaCyl i ndri cal
+ Cartersai n : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc co
mh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
+ Cyl i ndri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc
bi en oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa otru.
_ Neu can gan hethong truc toa o.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Ri gi d Connecti on Property. Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on
tree.
+ Mot oi tng Ri gi d Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes And El ements
+ Mot oi tng Ri gi d Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di
Property.1
8/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni tr n, nhn
( Creati ng Smooth Connecti on Properti es )
Ket noi trn, nhan l al i en ket gi a 2 vat themachung c buoc chat vi nhau tai gi ao tuyen
chung cua chung vanhng gi ao tuyen ophai trn vanhan.
Mf i l e sampl e16.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Smooth Connecti on Property . Hop thoai Smooth Connecti on Property xuat hi en.
_ Chon mot phan tch ket noi . Trong v dunay, chon General Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 trong speci f i tati on
tree (Analysi s Connecti on Manager.1)
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ket noi trn, nhan c trong thay tren bemat tng ng .
Bi mac nh, neu ban khong kch hoat sl a chon transmi tted degrees of f reedom, tat cacac bac t
do ac khai bao. Ban cung cothethay vai bac tdo eket noi ri eng bi et neu can thi et. Bac tdo
c nhan thay tai cac gi atrodai vohng.
Translat ion 1 = Translat ion in x
Translat ion 2 = Translat ion in y
Translat ion 3 = Translat ion in z
Rot at ion 1 = Rot at ion in x
Rot at ion 2 = Rot at ion in y
Rot at ion 3 = Rot at ion in z
Hethong tuc toa otrong hop thoai cho phep ban chon gi a hethong toa oGl obal hay User-
def i ned emac nh hng chbac tdo.
Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en gi a
chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban phai
kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong f eatures tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
Neu chon User-def i ned Axi s System th hop thoai Local ori entati on cho phep ban chon gi a
Cartersai n vaCyl i ndri cal
+ Cartersai n : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc co
mh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
+ Cyl i ndri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc
bi en oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa otru.
_ Neu can gan hethong truc toa o.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Ri gi d Connecti on Property. Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on
tree.
+ Mot oi tng Smooth Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di nodes and el ements
+ Mot oi tng Smooth Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di
Property.1
9/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni cht cht,cng thc t
( Creati ng Vi tural Ri gi d Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Properti es )
Nhng ac tnh ket noi chot chat, cng thc tec dung echrogi ao tuyen tac ong qua l ai
gi a cac vat thetrong mot hethong l ap rap. Mot hnh vevtr rang buoc l ap rap c mac nh tai
mc osan pham, ngi dung cothechroac tnh vat l ytnhi en cua nhng rang buoc. Khi tao
nhng ket noi nay, canhng rang buoc an khp vanhng phan tch ket noi rang buoc cothec
chon.
Mot ac tnh ket noi chot chat, cng thc tel amot ket noi tnh toan l c cang cua l ap rap makhong
cochot . Vi ec tnh toan c ti en hanh theo 2 bc l i en tuc nhau. Bc th1, mau sechu l c cang
tng ng vi chot do phan l c ri eng bi et nhau tren bemat th1 ( S1 ) vatren bemat th2 ( S2 ). Sau
o, trong bc th2, khoang cach tng oi cua 2 bemat sephat si nh trong khi mau chu tac dung cua
tai trong . Trong suot quatrnh tnh toan cua 2 bc , squay vadch chuyen cua ca2 bemat vi truc
cua rang buoc an khp c l i en ket vi nhau trong khi xay ra bi en dang deo cua bemat.
Mot ac tnh ket noi chot chat, cng thc tec c l ng vi nhng ket hp hoan chnh:
+ Smooth tai l a chon Start
+ Bol t-Ri gi d tai l a chon Mi ddl e
+ Smooth tai l a chon End
Mf i l e sampl e12.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng ac tnh ket noi chot chat, cng thc te . Hop thoai Vi rtual Bol t Ti ghteni ng
Connecti on Property xuat hi en.
_ Chon mot phan tch ket noi . Trong v dunay, chon General Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 trong speci f i tati on
tree ( pha di Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 ).
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ket noi chot chat, cng thc tec trong thay tren bemat tng
ng .
_ Hi eu chnh tuy ygi atrmac nh cua thong sol c cang ( Ti ghteni ng Force ).
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Vi rtual Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property. Chuy: 2 oi tng xuat hi en
trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Mot oi tng Vi rtual Bol t Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes And El ements
+ Mot oi tng Vi rtual Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree
pha di Property.1
10/ T o nhng c tnh kt ni cht cht, n hi
( Creati ng Vi tural Spri ng Bol t Ti ghteni ng Properti es )
Cac chuthch vagi ai thch tng tnh ac tnh ket noi chot chat, cng thc te.
Mf i l e sampl e12.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng ac tnh ket noi chot chat, an hoi thc te . Hop thoai Vi rtual Spri ng Bol t
Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property xuat hi en.
_ Chon mot phan tch ket noi . Trong v dunay, chon General Anal ysi s Connecti on.1 trong speci f i tati on
tree ( pha di Anal ysi s Connecti on Manager.1 ).
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ket noi chot chat, an hoi thc tec trong thay tren bemat
tng ng .
_ Hi eu chnh tuy ygi atrmac nh cua thong sol c vaocng .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Vi rtual Spri ng Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property. Chuy: 2 oi tng
xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Mot oi tng Vi rtual Bol t Connecti on Mesh.1 pha di Nodes And El ements
+ Mot oi tng Vi rtual Bol t Ti ghteni ng Connecti on Property.1 xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree
pha di Property.1
v i i / ph n t c h l p r p v nh ng c h i t i t t h c t
1/ Ph- ng ph p phn tch lp r p ( Anal ysi s Assembl y Methodol ogy )
Mf i l e Assembl y.CATProduct.
Cau truc hoan chnh cua san pham :
Khong ket hp phan tch phugi ong nhau cho vai th ducua mot chi ti et. Trong trng hp mot phan
tch phuc ket hp cho vai th ducua mot chi ti et th phan tch phusebloai bokhi tao nhng phan
tch l ap rap.
Phan tch l ap rap tren chi ti et
Co2 phng phap cotac dung c dung cho phan tch phucua mot cau truc san pham:
+ Phan tch phuc gan cho mot mau xen kecua mot chi ti et cua san pham vaban sedung
Manage Representtati ons. tdanh sach soxuong.
+ Phan tch phuc gan ngay l ap tc cho cau truc san pham cho mot oi tng cua san pham va
ban sedung Exi sti ng Component tdanh sach soxuong.
* Ket hp mot phan tch phucho mot mau xen ke
_ Ket hp mot hay vai phan tch en Surf ace1 vakch hoat mot phan tch tieu bi eu.
+ Ri ght-cl i ck Surf ace.1 vachon Manage Representtati ons tdanh sach soxuong
Phai chac chan rang ban ang l am vi ec trong pham vi cua san pham. el am vi ec trong pham vi
cua san pham doubl e-cl i ck goc cua san pham trong speci f i tati on tree ( Trong v dunay, doubl e-cl i ck
Assembl y ). Hop thoai Manage Representtati ons xuat hi en .
+ Cl i ck nut Associ ate trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons . Hop thoai Associ ate
Representtati ons xuat hi en.
+ Chon Anal ysi sSurf ace11.CATAnal ysi s trong th vi en v duvacl i ck Open.
+ Cl i ck nut Associ ate trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons , chon
Anal ysi sSurf ace11.CATAnalysi s trong th vien v duvacl i ck Open.
Hop thoai Manage Representtati ons ac update :
Chuy: hai vat l i en ket ti eu bi eu akhong c kch hoat. Ban cothexoa, thay the, oi ten san
pham achon.
+ Chon Anal ysi sSurf ace11.CATAnal ysi s trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons vacl i ck nut
Acti ve.
Hop thoai Manage Representtati ons ac update :
_ Cl i ck Cl ose trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons . Chuyoi tng Anal ysi s Manager xuat hi en
pha di Surf ace1 trong speci f i tation tree :
_ Ket hp Analysi sSurf ace2.CATAnal ysi s en Surf ace2 vakch hoat mot phan tch ti eu bi eu.
Speci f i tati on tree ac update vac chpha di :
_ MGenerati ve Structural Analysi s workbench : chon St art -> Anal ysis and Simulat ion -> Gener at ive
St ruct ural Analysis .
Chon Stati c Case vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai New Anal ysi s Case
Speci f i tati on tree ac update vac chpha di :
Scai at Nodes and El ements, Properti es vaMateri al l akhong cotrong Speci f i tati on tree
Mesh Vi sual i zati on tdanh sach soxuong l acotac dung.
_ Tao l ai quy trnh kythuat trong phan tch phuhay phan tch l ap rap.
+ ekch hoat mot phan tch , Doubl e-cl i ck l i en ket Anal ysi s Manager.
+ Tai ngay l uc nay ban cotheadd/remove mot mau , acati ve/deacti ve mot mau l ien ket,
add/remove mot oi tng san pham. Tai bc nay, ban cothemf i l e sampl e14.CATAnal ysi s matat
cacac phan tch kythuat ac mac nh vahoan thanh yeu cau.
_ Tnh toan gi ai phap. Cl i ck bi eu tng Compute, chon l a chon Al l vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai
Computati on.
_ Mac nh tai l i eu quy trnh kythuat.
* Ket hp mot phan tch phucho mot oi tng cua mot san pham :
Msan pham Assembl y.CATProduct
Cau truc hoan chnh cua san pham :
_ Ri ght-cl i ck goc cua san pham.Trong v dunay, Ri ght-cl i ck Assembl y.
_ Chon Component s -> Exist ing Component ... t danh sach soxuo ng .
_ Hop thoai File Selection xua t hien .
_ Cho n mo t d lie u .CATAnalysis . Trong v duna y, cho n Anal ysi sSurf ace11.CATAnal ysi s trong hop thoai
File Selection .
_ Click OK trong hop thoai File Selection .
Mo t chi tie t rie ng bie t a c ta o trong ca u truc sa n pham :
_ MGenerati ve Structural Anal ysi s workbench : chon St art -> Analysis and Simulat ion -> Generat ive
St ruct ural Analysis .
_ Tao l ai quy trnh kythuat trong phan tch phuhay phan tch l ap rap.
_ Tnh toan gi ai phap. Cl i ck bi eu tng Compute, chon l a chon Al l vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai
Computati on.
_ Mac nh tai l i eu quy trnh kythuat.
2/ Xem phn tch lp r p 2D ( Ananl ysi s Assembl y 2D Vi ewer )
Mf i l e sampl e14.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Anal ysi s Assembl y 2D Viewer .
Hop thoai Assembl e Anal ysi s Def i ni ti on xuat hi en
Graph : ban nha n tha y pha n tch ca u tru c
+ Kyhie u chcho bi et mau khong c kch hoat.
+ Mau onoi bat chcho bi et mau c kch hoat ang hi en hanh.
Synchroni ze : ban xac nh dl i eu phan tch vi mau akch hoat. Nut nay cotac dung neu
ban thay oi cau truc san pham.
_ Cl i ck Cancel trong hop thoai Assembl e Anal ysi s Def i ni ti on
_ Thay themau al i en ket vi phan tch phu. Trong v duac bi et nay:
+ Doubl e-cl i ck Assembl y trong speci f i tati on tree.
+ Ri ght-cl i ck chi ti et Surf ace.1 vachon Represent at ions -> Manage Represent at ions... t danh
sach soxuong.
+ Chon Anal ysi sSurf ace11.CATAnal ysi s trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons vaclick nut
Deactive .
+ Chon ASurf ace12.CATAnal ysi s trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons vaclick nut Active .
+ Click Close trong hop thoai Manage Representtati ons .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Anal ysi s Manager trong Speci f i tati on tree ethay l ai pham vi phan tch .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Anal ysi s Assembl y 2D Viewer .
Hop thoai Assembl ed Anal ysi s Def i ni tion xuat hi en
_ Cl i ck nut Synchroni ze. Hop thoai Assembl ed Anal ysi s Def i ni ti on ac update
Bay gi mau oanoi bat
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Assembl ed Anal ysi s Def i ni ti on. Ban cothethay cac ac i em kythuat cua
cac phan tch ri eng bi et cua mot l ap rap :
3/ T o chi tit cng thc t( Creati ng Ri gi d Vi rtual Parts )
v i i i / t h i t bt r ng l - ng , t h i t b k p c h t v t I t r ng
( mass eq ui pment , r est r ai nt s and l o ad )
1/ T o tr ng l- ng phn b ( Creati ng Di stri buted Masses )
Mf i l e sampl e08.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View va
chac cha n rang cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoai Custom View
Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Distributed Mass . Hop thoai Distributed Mass xuat hien
_ Ban cothethay oi ten cua trong l ng phan botrong oName.
_ Nhap gi atrcua tong trong l ng emac nh ol n cho trong lng.
_ Chon mot mot support ( mot vect, mot canh, mot mat phang hay mot chi ti et thc ) eat l c tai
mot i em amac nh. Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no. Ban cothechon
vai support trong day eap dung khoi l ng phan bocho tat cacac support cung mot l uc. Kyhi eu
tng trng cho tong khoi l ng tng ng vi l c phan botai mot mot i em cua support c trong
thay.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Distributed Mass .
Mo t oi tng Distributed Mass .1 xua t hien trong features tree pha d i o i t ng Masses akch hoa t .
2/ T o - ng thng tr ng l- ng tap trung ( Creati ng Li ne Mass Densi ti es )
Mf i l e sampl e08.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Line Mass Density . Hop thoai Line Mass Density xua t hien
_ Ban cothethay oi ten cua Line Mass Density trong oName.
_ Chon mot mot support ( mot ng cong, mot canh, hay ng thang hnh ve) eat ng thang
trong l ng . Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
_ Nhap gi atrcua ng thang mat otrong l ng mong muon
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Line Mass Density.
Mo t o i tng Line Mass Density xua t hien trong specifitation tree pha di o i tng Masses akch hoa t .
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ng thang trong l ng tap trung c thay thetren hnh ve.
3/ T o mt phng tr ng l- ng ( Creati ng Surf ace Mass Densi ti es )
Mf i l e sampl e08.CATAnal ysi s
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Surface Mass Densities . Hop thoai Surface Mass Densities xuat hien .
_ Ban cothethay oi ten cua Surface Mass Densities trong oName.
_ Nhap gi atrcua mat thang mat otrong l ng mong muon.
_ Chon support ( Mot bemat hay mot mat phang hnh ve) eat mat phang trong l ng. Mot vai hnh
venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung mat phang trong l ng cho tat cacac support
cung mot l uc.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Surface Mass Densities.
Mo t o i tng Surface Mass Densities xua t hien trong specifitation tree pha di o i tng Masses .
4/ Qu n tnh tr n mt chi tit thc ( I nerti a On Vi rtual Part )
Mf i l e sampl e28_1.CATAnal ysi s
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng I nerti a on Vi rtual Part . Hop thoai I nerti a on Vi rtual Part.
Name : Ban cothethay oi ten cua quan tnh.
Supports : chon mot support
+ Chri eng vi rtual part mi cotac dung.
+ Chc nang Mul ti -Sel ecti on khong cotac dung.
Axi s System Type :
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
Current axi s : chon hethong truc toa omong muon.
Local ori entati on : ( Castesi an ) oi tng c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc
conh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
Di spl ay l ocal l y: thay thetruc toa oa phng tren hnh ve.
Mass :chon gi atrcho ol n khoi l ng ( Kg )
+ I 1: chgi atrquan tnh khoi l ng theo hng X.
+ I 2: chgi atrquan tnh khoi l ng theo hng Y.
+ I 3: chgi atrquan tnh khoi l ng theo hng Z.
_ Chon mot chi ti et thc cho support. Trong trng hp nay, chon Ri gi d Vi rtual Part tspeci f i tati on tree
hay chon trc ti ep thnh ve.
Hop thoai I nerti a on Vi rtual Part c update.
_ Nhap mot gi atrkhoi l ng emac nh cho ol n khoi l ng. Nhap gi atrkhoi l ng l a: 5kg.
_ Hi eu chnh oi tng quan tnh khoi l ng.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I nerti a on Vi rtual Part. Mot oi tng I nerti a on Vi rtual Part.1 xuat hi en
trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Masses.1
5/ T o ngam gi ( Creati ng Cl amps )
Mf i l e sampl e02.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac
chan ra ng cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Cl amp . Hop thoai Cl amp xuat hi en .
_ Thay oi ten cua Cl amp trong oName.
_ Chon hnh vemuon thc hi en ( mot bemat, mot canh, mot chi ti et thc ). Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en
khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Cl amp etao ngam gi .
Mot oi tng Cl amp xuat hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts.
6/ T o nhng mt tr - t ( Creati ng Surf ace Sl i ders )
Mat phang trt l anhng an khp do nhng rang buoc mat phang manocho phep nhng i em
cua mat phang trt theo chi eu dai cua bemat an khp cng.
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Nhng bemat trt c dung cho nhng bemat hnh hoc . Nhng oi tng cua mat phang trt
theo chi eu dai cua nhng oi tng rang buoc .
Phai chac chan rang ban aconh tat cacac bac tdo cua l ap rap , neu khong th skhac bi et o
sebxoa i khi tnh toan tnh hoc . ededang vachnh xac ( chtrng hp phan tch tnh hoc )sdch
chuyen ac biet nay cua l ap rap sec mophong vatrong thay sau khi tnh toan.
Tai moi i em cua bi en dang bemat , chng trnh setong tao mot rang buoc econh sdch
chuyen cua bac tdo trong hng chthong thng cua bemat tai nhng i em o.
Mf i l e sampl e15.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Surf ace Sl i ders . Hop thoai Surf ace Sl i ders xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Surf ace Sl i ders trong oName.
_ Chon hnh vemuon thc hien ( mot bemat )
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung mat phang trt cho tat cacac support cung mot
l uc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho mat phang trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
Mot oi tng Surf ace Sl i ders xuat hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts.
7/ T o tip xc cu ( Creati ng Bal l Joi ns )
Ti ep xuc cau l anhng rang buoc an khp cau dung cho mot i em i eu khi en cua chi ti et thc,
ket qual acoi em quay xung quanh mot i em an khp conh . Nocho phep mot squay tng oi
gi a 2 i em.
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Mf i l e sampl e15.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Bal l Joi ns . Hop thoai Bal l Joi ns xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Bal l Joi ns trong oName.
_ Chon mot chi ti et thc. Hop thoai Bal l Joi ns ac update. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho ti ep xuc
cau c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Bal l Joi ns .
Mot oi tng Bal l Joi ns xuat hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts .
8/ T o an khp trt ( Creati ng Sl i ders )
Mot an khp trt l amot rang buoc an khp l ang trudung cho mot i em i eu khi en cua nhng chi
ti et thc . Ban cothethay qua vi ec tao nhng i em l ang tru, cho phep sdch chuyen tng oi gia 2
i em( trong an khp trt , mot trong 2 i em conh theo chi eu dai cua truc trt).
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Khong cosquay nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Mf i l e sampl e15.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Sl i der . Hop thoai Sl i der xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Bal l Joi ns trong oName. Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban
chon hethong truc toa oGl obal hay User-def i ned cho truc toa otrt.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
_ Trong X, Y, Z nhap gi atrtng ng cho hng trt cua oi tng trt tng oi vi truc toa o
trt.
+ Ban cothemac nh hng trt sdung Compass . Nhng gi atrcua X, Y, Z setng ng vi
hng quay cua Compass.
+ Ban cothemac nh hng cua Compass vi chuot vahi eu chnh Compass.
_ Chon mot chi tiet thc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho hng trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Hi eu chnh snh hng cua hng trt. Ban trong thay Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho Sl i der c
update cho hng chnh cua Compass.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Sl i der. Mot oi tng Sl i ders xuat hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts .
8/ T o ngng tr c ( Creati ng Pi vots )
Ngong truc l arang buoc an khp dung cho mot i em i eu khi en cua nhng chi ti et thc, ket qual a
comot i em quay quanh mot truc toa o. Ban cothethay qua vi ec tao nhng i em ngong truc, cho
phep sdch chuyen tng oi gi a 2 i em( trong an khp ngong truc , mot trong 2 i em conh theo
chi eu dai cua truc ngong).
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Khong cosquay nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Mf i l e sampl e15.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac chan rang
ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Pi vot . Hop thoai Pi vot xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Pi vot trong oName. Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban
chon hethong truc toa oGl obal hay User-def i ned cho truc toa otrt.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
_ Trong X, Y, Z nhap gi atrtng ng cho hng trt cua oi tng trt tng oi vi truc toa o
trt.
+ Ban cothemac nh hng trt sdung Compass . Nhng gi atrcua X, Y, Z setng ng vi
hng quay cua Compass.
+ Ban cothemac nh hng cua Compass vi chuot vahi eu chnh Compass.
_ Chon mot chi tiet thc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho hng trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Pi vot. Mot oi tng Pi vot xuat hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts .
9/ T o ngng tr c tr - t ( Creati ng Sl i di ng Pi vots )
Ngong truc trt l arang buoc an khp trudung cho mot i em i eu khi en cua nhng chi ti et thc,
ket qual acomot i em dch chuyen vaquay quanh mot truc toa o. Ban cothethay qua vi ec tao
nhng i em ngong truc trt, cho phep sdch chuyen tng oi gi a 2 i em( trong an khp ngong truc
, mot trong 2 i em conh theo chi eu dai cua truc ngong).
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Khong cosquay nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Mf i l e sampl e15.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac chan rang
ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Sl i di ng Pi vot . Hop thoai Sl i di ng Pi vot xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Sl i di ng Pi vot trong oName. Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep
ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal hay User-def i ned cho truc toa otrt.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
_ Chon mot chi tiet thc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho hng trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Trong X, Y, Z nhap gi atrtng ng cho hng trt cua oi tng trt tng oi vi truc toa o
trt.
+ Ban cothemac nh hng trt sdung Compass . Nhng gi atrcua X, Y, Z setng ng vi
hng quay cua Compass.
+ Ban cothemac nh hng cua Compass vi chuot vahi eu chnh Compass.
_ Hi eu chnh snh hng cua hng trt. Ban trong thay Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho Sl i der c
update cho hng chnh cua Compass.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Sl i di ng Pi vot. Mot oi tng Sl i di ng Pi vot xuat hi en pha di oi tng
Restrai nts .
10/ T o ngam gi mc nh cho ng- i s dng
( Creati ng User-Def i ned Restrai nts )
Nhng ngam gi mac nh cho ngi sdung l anhng rang buoc chung cho phep ban conh mot
vai sket hp cua nhng nut bac tdo san cotren hnh vetuy y. Cosdch chuyen bac tdo cua
nhng oi tng l i chi ti et, vacosdch chuyen vaxoay bac tdo cua nhng oi tng l i thuoc
vecau truc.
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Khong cosquay nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Mf i l e sampl e20.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng User-def i ned Restrai nt . Hop thoai User-def i ned Restrai nt xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua User-def i ned Restrai nt trong oName.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal ,
I mpl i ci t hay User-def i ned cho truc toa otrt.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ I mpl i ci t :neu chon hethong truc toa oI mpl i ci t , nhng hng cua bac tdo sec
bi eu di en tng ng vi hethong truc toa oa phng thay oi thong qua nhng oi tng hnh ve
c chon.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Neu chon hethong truc toa onay th ban sec phep
chon gi a hetruc toa o: Cartersai n, Cyl i ndri cal , Spheri cal .
- Cartersai n : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc co
mh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
- Cyl i ndri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc bi en
oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa otru.
- Spheri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc bien
oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa ocau.
_ Chon mot support ( mot bemat hay mot canh ). Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con
trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung User-def i ned Axi s cho tat cacac support cung
mot l uc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho mat phang trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Kch hoat bac tdo ac conh cho nhng phan tch sau. Ban cotheconh 6 bac tdo :
Translat ion 1 = Translat ion in x
Translat ion 2 = Translat ion in y
Translat ion 3 = Translat ion in z
Rot at ion 1 = Rot at ion in x
Rot at ion 2 = Rot at ion in y
Rot at ion 3 = Rot at ion in z
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai User-def i ned Restrai nt. Mot oi tng User-def i ned Restrai nt xuat trong
speci f i tati on tree hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts .
11/ T o ngam gi theo tiu chun tnh hc ( Creati ng I so-Stati c Restrai nts )
Nhng rang buoc theo ti eu chuan tnh hoc c dung cho nhng vat the. V ducho rang buoc theo
ti eu chuan tnh hoc .
Khong codch chuyen nao cua bac tdo ben trai trong hng chnay.
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng I soStati c Restrai nt . Hop thoai I soStati c Restrai nt xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua I soStati c Restrai nt trong oName.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I soStati c Restrai nt. Mot oi tng I soStati c.1 xuat trong speci f i tati on tree
hi en pha di oi tng Restrai nts .
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho mat phang trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
`
12/ T o p lc ( Creati ng Pressures )
Ap l c l amot cng otai trong ti eu bi eu c dung cho nhng bemat hnh vemac bi eu
di en bi hng cua l c tai moi ni cua bemat hnh ve.
oi tng ap l c thuoc vetai trong con vl a: N/ m
2
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Pressure .Hop thoai Pressure xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Pressure trong oName.
_ Gan mot gi atrvohng cho ap lc. Mot gi atrthc cua ap l c l agan cho vat l i eu cua bemat c
chon.
_ Kch hoat l a chon Data Mappi ng.
_ Cl i ck nut Browse trong hop thoai Pressure vanhap f i l e dl i eu mong muon ben ngoai , f i l e nay phai
l af i l e * .txt. Hop thoai Fi l e Browser cho ban chon f i l e mong muon.Trong trng hp
Mappi ngFi l eExampl e.txt. Khi ban cl i ck nut Open , hop thoai Pressure ac update.
Nut Show chcho thay bang dl i eu cua f i l e anhap.Neu ban sa oi gi atrtrong f i l e th nhng gi a
trnay khong con ong nhat vatai trong khong cotac dung.
_ Chon mot support ( mot mat phang ) maban muon gan ap l c. Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di
chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung ap l c cho tat cacac support cung mot l uc. Mot
kyhi eu tng trng cho ap l c c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Pressure. Mot oi tng Pressure xuat trong speci f i tati on tree hi en pha
di oi tng Loads .
13/ T o lc phn b ( Creati ng Di stri buted Forces )
Lc phan bol ahethong l c tng ng vi 1 l c thuan tuy at tai mot i em, aphan botren mot
chi ti et thc hay tren hnh achon.
Lc phan bol amot ai l ng tai trong gom hng vaol n.
n vcua l c l a: N.
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac cha n
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Di stri buted Force .Hop thoai Di stri buted Force xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Di stri buted Force trong oName.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal ,
I mpl i ci t hay User-def i ned cho truc toa otrt.
Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Ban cothethay oi hng cua vect l c dung Compass.
_ Nhap gi atrX, Y, Z cho hng cua vect l c. Nhap gi atr-50N cho Z. Nhng gi atrcon l ai sec
tong tnh toan vathay the.
_ Chon mot mot chi ti et thc hay mot hnh vemaket quavect l c ac dung tai nhng i em a
mac nh. Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung l c phan bocho tat cacac support cung mot
l uc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho l c phan boc thay thetren hnh ve. Hop thoai Di stri buted Force
xuat hi en.
_ Tuy y, chon mot i em i eu khi en.
_ Cl i ck OK hop thoai Di stri buted Force. Mot oi tng Pressure xuat trong speci f i tati on tree hi en pha
di oi tng Loads .
14/ T o momen ( Creati ng Moments )
n vcua momen l a: Nm.
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac chan
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Moment .Hop thoai Moment xuat hi en.
_ Thay oi ten cua Moment trong oName.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal , hay
User-def i ned cho truc toa otrt.
Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Ban cothethay oi hng cua vect l c dung Compass.
_ Chon mot mot chi ti et thc hay mot hnh vemaket quavect momen ac dung tai nhng i em
amac nh. Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung l c phan bocho tat cacac support cung mot l uc.
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho momen c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Nhap gi atrX, Y, Z cho hng cua vect momen. GatrNorm sec tong tnh toan vathay the.
_ Cl i ck OK hop thoai Moment. Mot oi tng Moment xuat trong speci f i tati on tree hi en pha di oi
tng Loads .
15/ T o tr ti tr ng ( Creati ng A Beari ng Load )
Trutai trong c da theo nhng tai trong ti ep xuc dung cho nhng chi ti et tru
Tao trutai trong c l am chtrong mot bc vanhanh hn nhi eu vi ec tao mot chi ti et thc sau
mot tai trong. Vi ec tnh taon cung ti et ki em nhi eu thi gi an bi v trutai trong khong phat si nh dam
hay chi ti et ao l i .
Ngi sdung chon mot bi en dang trucua chi ti et. Mot vai bemat xoay cothec chon. Trong
smac nh trutai trong , ban phai chra ket qual c ti ep xuc ( hng vaol n )
Mf i l e sampl e02.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac chan
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Bearing Load . Hop thoai Bearing Load xua t hien .
Name : Thay oi ten cua tai trong trong o.
Support : chon nhng bemat trumaban muon dung truc tai trong. Chc nang Mul ti -sel ecti on
khong cotac dung. Mul ti -sel ecti on phai c dung cho nhng bemat trukhac nhau vakhong c
dung tren nhng oi tng thuoc venhng mat trugi ong nhau. That vay, neu ban dung mot vect l c
ti eu chuan 10N tren mot Mul ti -sel ecti on cua 3 bemat thuoc venhng hnh vegi ong nhau th ket qua
cua toan bol c ti eu chuan l a30N makhong phai l a10N. edung mot vect l c ti eu chuan 10N tren 3
bemat trukhac nhau th thc hi en phng phap sau:
+ Tao 3 truc tai trong ( chon mot bemat trucho moi truc tai trong ) vi mot vect l c ti eu
chuan 10N.
+ Tao mot truc tai trong ( Chon 3 bemat tru) vi mot vect l c ti eu chuan 10N.
Axi s System Type : cho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal , hay User-def i ned cho
nh hng cua vect l c.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en gi a
chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban phai
kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong f eatures tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Ban cothethay oi hng cua vect l c dung Compass.
Force Vector : nhap 3 toa ocua vect l c ( X, Y, Z ).
Angl e : tng ng l amot dung ephan bol c . Khi nhap mot gi atrgoc th hnh mi nh hoa se
noi bat l en tren hnh ve. Ga trmot 180 l agi atrmac nh, < 180 c dung cho nhng khoang gi atr
am, > 180 c dung cho nhng khoang gi atrdng.
+ Radi al : tat canhng vect l c l abnh thng tai nhng nut cua l i en bemat cho tat cacac
i em.
+ Paral l el : tat canhng vect l c l asong song vi nhau.
Radial: Parallel:
Prof i l e : cothel aham si n, parabol hay mot hamsotoan hoc ( Law ).
+ Law : c kch hoat trc ola chon Show rel ati ons trong Tools -> Opt ions -> Anal ysis and
Simulat ion ( nhan General ) , ba n cothetha y nh ng ac trng cu a ha m toa n ho c trong specifitation tree vachon
nh ng tho ng sotho ng th ng cho ham.
Di stri buti on : ban hay chra lc phan bo.
+ Outward:
Vat B tac dung l en vat A
Ket quacho v dul a:
+ I nward :
Vat A tac dung l en vat B
Ket quacho v dul a:
_ Cothethay oi ten cua tai trong trong oName.
_ Chon hethong truc toa o.
_ Nhap gi atrX, Y, Z cho vect l c . V dunhap -500N cho gi atrX.
_ Nhap gi atrcho thong sogoc . Nhap 90deg cho gi atrgoc .
_ Chon mot support ( mot hnh ve) madung truc tai trong.
Sel ected support: Resul tant l oad:
_ Chon nhng l a chon ehoan thanh :
+ Radi al cho l a chon Ori entati on.
+ Parabol i c cho l a chon Prof i l e Type.
+ Outward cho l a chon Di stri buti on.
_ Cl i ck trong hop thoai Beari ng Load. Mot oi tng Beari ng Load xuat trong speci f i tati on tree hi en
pha di oi tng Loads.
16/ Nhp gi tr lc ( I mporti ng Forces )
* Tren mot bemat ( On a Surf ace )
Mf i l e sampl e53.CATAnal ysi s.
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac chan
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Imported Force . Hop thoai Imported Force xua t hien .
Name : thay o i te n cua lc.
Support : ne u mo t support c cho n th nut Select Mesh Part secotac dung .
Axi s System Type : cho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal , hay User-def i ned cho nh
hng cua vect l c.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en gi a
chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban phai
kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong f eatures tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Ban cothethay oi hng cua vect l c dung Compass.
File Selection : sdu ng nu t Browse .
_ Cho n mo t bema t cho support maba n muo n nha p l c.
_ Click nu t Browse trong ho p thoa i Imported Force e cho n file cha d lie u .
Ho p thoa i Imported Force ac update.
_ Ne u ca n , Click nut Show ethay the hop thoa i Imported Table tng ng v i file d lie u achon .
Trong tr ng hp na y bang d lie u a c nha p vaxuat hien pha d i .
_ Click Close trong ho p thoa i Imported Table .
_ Trong trng h p na y chu ng ta cu ng cothekch hoa t Display bounding Box vanoxuat hien tren ma u c chpha
d i.
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Imported Force . Ket quamau c hie n thnh hnh ve :
Mot oi tng Imported Force.1 c thay thetrong specifitation tree.
* Tre n mo t chi tie t a o ( On a Virtual Part )
M file sample54.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac chan
rang ca c la cho n Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoat trong ho p thoa i Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Imported Force .
_ Cho n mo t vect cho mot support. Hop thoai Imported Force xua t hien .
_ Click nu t Browse trong ho p thoa i Imported Force e cho n file cha d lie u . Cho n file Data.xls .
_ Mot file a c cho n vaclick nu t Open trong ho p thoa i File Selection . Ho p thoa i Imported Force ac update.
_ Ne u ca n , Click nut Show ethay the hop thoa i Imported Table tng ng v i file d lie u achon .
Trong tr ng hp na y bang d lie u a c nha p vaxuat hien pha d i .
_ Click Close trong ho p thoa i Imported Table .
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Imported Force . Ket quamau c hie n thnh hnh ve :
17/ Nhp gi tr momen ( I mporti ng Moments )
M file sample54.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac
chan ra ng cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Click bieu tng Imported Moment .Hop thoai Imported Moment xuat hien .
Name : thay o i te n cua lc.
Support : ne u mo t support c cho n th nut Select Mesh Part secotac dung .
Axi s System Type : cho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal , hay User-def i ned cho nh
hng cua vect l c.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en gi a
chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban phai
kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong f eatures tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Ban cothethay oi hng cua vect l c dung Compass.
File Selection : sdu ng nu t Browse .
_ Cho n mo t bema t cho support .
_ Click nu t Browse trong ho p thoa i Imported Moment e chon file cha d lie u . Chon file Data.xls .
_ Mot file a c cho n vaclick nu t Open trong ho p thoa i File Selection . Ho p thoa i Imported Moment ac
update.
_ Ne u ca n , Click nut Show ethay the hop thoa i Imported Table tng ng v i file d lie u achon .
Trong tr ng hp na y bang d lie u a c nha p vaxuat hien pha d i .
_ Click Close trong ho p thoa i Imported Table .
_ Trong trng h p na y chu ng ta cu ng cothekch hoa t Display bounding Box vanoxuat hien tren ma u c chpha
d i.
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Imported Moment . Ket quama u c hie n thnh hnh ve :
18/ T o mt - ng thng lc ( Creati ng Li ne Force Densi ti es )
M file sample00.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac
chan ra ng cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Click bieu tng Li ne Force Densi ti es . Hop thoai Li ne Force Densi ties xua t hie n .
_ Thay oi ten cua Li ne Force Densi ti es trong oName.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal ,
I mpl i ci t hay User-def i ned cho Li ne Force Densi ti es.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ I mpl i ci t :neu chon hethong truc toa oI mpl i ci t , nhng hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi hethong truc toa oa phng thay oi thong qua nhng oi tng hnh vec
chon.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Neu chon hethong truc toa onay th ban sec phep
chon gi a hetruc toa o: Cartersai n, Cyl i ndri cal , Spheri cal .
+ Cartersai n : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc co
mh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
+ Cyl i ndri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc
bi en oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa otru.
+ Spheri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc bi en
oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa ocau.
_ Chon mot support ( mot canh ) mang thang c sebkeo.
Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung User-def i ned Axi s cho tat cacac support cung
mot l uc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho mat phang trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Trong X, Y, Z nhap gi atrtng ng cho Li ne Force Densi ti es .Ga trtng ng Norm setong
tnh toan vathay the.
+ 3 gi atrcon l ai sec tong tnh toan vac thay the.
+ Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho snh hng cung c update emi eu tavi ec sa oi .
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Li ne Force Densi ti es. Ke t quama u c hien thnh hnh ve :
Mot oi tng Li ne Force Densi ti es xuat hi en pha di oi tng Loads.
19/ T o mt bmt lc ( Creati ng Surf ace Force Densi ti es )
M file sample00.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac
chan ra ng cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u t ng Surf ace Force Densi ti es . Hop thoai Surf ace Force Densi ti es xua t hie n .
_ Thay oi ten cua Surf ace Force Densi ti es trong oName.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal ,
I mpl i ci t hay User-def i ned cho Surf ace Force Densi ti es.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ I mpl i ci t :neu chon hethong truc toa oI mpl i ci t , nhng hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi hethong truc toa oa phng thay oi thong qua nhng oi tng hnh vec
chon.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Neu chon hethong truc toa onay th ban sec phep
chon gi a hetruc toa o: Cartersai n, Cyl i ndri cal , Spheri cal .
+ Cartersai n : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc co
mh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
+ Cyl i ndri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc
bi en oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa otru.
+ Spheri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc bi en
oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa ocau.
_ Chon mot support ( mot bemat ) mang thang c sebkeo.
Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung User-def i ned Axi s cho tat cacac support cung
mot l uc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho mat phang trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Trong X, Y, Z nhap gi atrtng ng cho Surf ace Force Densi ti es.Ga trtng ng Norm setong
tnh toan vathay the.
+ 3 gi atrcon l ai sec tong tnh toan vac thay the.
+ Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho snh hng cung c update emi eu tavi ec sa oi .
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Surf ace Force Densi ti es. Ke t quama u c hien thnh hnh ve :
Mot oi tng Surf ace Force Densi ti es xuat hi en pha di oi tng Loads.
20/ T o mt khi thtch lc ( Creati ng Vol ume Force Densi ti es )
M file sample00.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac
chan ra ng cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Click bieu tng Vol ume Force Densi ti es . Hop thoai Vol ume Force Densi ties xua t hien .
_ Thay oi ten cua Vol ume Force Densi ti es trong oName.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o.
Neu can thi et hop thoai hethong truc toa secho phep ban chon hethong truc toa oGl obal ,
I mpl i ci t hay User-def i ned cho Vol ume Force Densi ti es.
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ I mpl i ci t :neu chon hethong truc toa oI mpl i ci t , nhng hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu
di en tng ng vi hethong truc toa oa phng thay oi thong qua nhng oi tng hnh vec
chon.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh . Neu chon hethong truc toa onay th ban sec phep
chon gi a hetruc toa o: Cartersai n, Cyl i ndri cal , Spheri cal .
+ Cartersai n : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc co
mh c nh ngha bi hetruc toa e-cac vuong goc cua User-def i ned Axi s.
+ Cyl i ndri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc
bi en oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa otru.
+ Spheri cal : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en tng ng vi hetruc toa ovuong goc bi en
oi c nh ngha bi hng cua hethong toa ocau.
_ Chon mot support ( mot chi ti et ) mamot khoi thetch l c sec dung.
Mot vai hnh venoi bat l en khi ban di chuyen con trol en no.
Ban cothechon vai support trong day eap dung User-def i ned Axi s cho tat cacac support cung
mot l uc. Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho mat phang trt c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Trong X, Y, Z nhap gi atrtng ng cho Vol ume Force Densi ties.Ga trtng ng Norm setong
tnh toan vathay the.
+ 3 gi atrcon l ai sec tong tnh toan vac thay the.
+ Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho snh hng cung c update emi eu tavi ec sa oi .
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Vol ume Force Densi ti es. Ke t quama u c hien thnh hnh ve :
Mot oi tng Vol ume Force Densi ties xuat hi en pha di oi tng Loads.
21/ T o mt tp tr ung lc ( Craeti ng Force Densi ti es )
M file sample00.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vachac
chan ra ng cac la chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial pha i c kch hoa t trong hop thoai Custom View Modes.
_ Click bie u tng Force Densi ti es . Force Densi ti es xuat hien .
Thay oi ten cua Force Densi ti es trong oName.
Support : chon mot support.
+ Chc nang Mul ti -sel ecti on secotac dung vacac support phai ong nhat.
+ Ban cothechon canh, bemat, vat the( 2D hay 3D ).
Axi s System :
- type :
+ Gl obal : neu chon hethong truc toa oGl obal th hng cua bac tdo sec bi eu di en
tng ng vi truc toa ovuong goc conh.
+ User : hng cua bac tdo c bi eu di en vi hetruc toa oachro, sbi eu di en
gi a chung seda tren hethong truc toa omaban quy nh. echon User-def i ned Axi s System ban
phai kch hoat mot truc toa osan cotrong features tree bang cach cl i ck chuot l en no. Ten cua noset
ong thay thetrong truc toa ohi en hanh .
- Di spl ay l ocal l y : thay thehethong truc toa achon
Force : chra oi tng cua vect l c.
_ Gan mot hethong truc toa o. Trong v dunay chon Gl obal.
_ Chon mot support mong muon. Chon 2 bemat pha di nh hnh :
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho l c c thay thetren hnh ve.
_ Chra gi avect l c mong muon. Nhap 3N cho gi atrX, 10N cho gi atrZ. Ga trtng ng Norm se
tong tnh toan vathay the.
Mot kyhi eu tng trng cho snh hng cung c update emi eu tavi ec sa oi .
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Force Densi ti es. Ke t quama u c hie n thnh hnh ve :
Mot oi tng Force Densi ties xuat hi en pha di oi tng Loads.1
x / Kt q u t nh t o n v x em k t q u t nh t o n
1/ Chr d liu d tr bn ngoi ( Speci f yi ng External Storage )
External Storage l amot f i l e cua th vi en l u trcac dl i eu tnh toan ket cau
Li en ket gi a dl i eu .CATAnal ysi s vaExternal Storage luon c duy tr sau khi ket thuc vi ec
phan tch vacung tng toi vi l ien ket cua mot dl i eu .CATPart vadl i eu ket hp .CATAnalysi s.
Dl ieu dtrl aket quatphan tch vac l u trtrong 2 f i l e, 1 cho ket quava1 cho tnh toan.
Sau khi mmot dl i eu phan tch mi , ng dan mac nh l ang dan machung c dtr, l a
ng dan trc oc chon bi ngi sdung.
Mf i l e sampl e01.CATAnal ysi s .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng External Storage . Hop thoai External Storage xuat hi en.
Ket quavadl i eu tnh toan c l u trtrong mot f i l e n couoi l a:
+ xxx.CATAnal ysi sResul ts
+ xxx.CATAnal ysi sComputati ons.
_ Neu can cl i ck nut Modi f y. Hop thoai Sel ecti on xuat hi en.
_ Chon ng dan cho dl i eu dtrmong muon vasau ocl i ck Save trong hop thoai Sel ecti on. Ten
ng dan achon c trong thay trong hop thoai External Storage.
Ban cotheti ep tuc hi eu chnh hay thoat vi ec chon f i l e.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai External Storage. Fi l e External Storage cua ban ac cat gi . oi tng
f i l e xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di Li nks Manager.
2/ Xa d liu d tr bn ngoi ( Cl eari ng External Storage )
Mf i l e sampl e18.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng External Storage Cl ean-Up . Hop thoai External Storage Cl ean-Up xuat hi en.
Cl ear computati on data : chxoa dl i eu tnh toan.
Cl ear resul t computati on data : xoa cadl i eu ket quavadl i eu tnh toan.
_ Chon mot sla chon mong muon. Trong v dunay , chon Cl ear computati on data.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai External Storage Cl ean-Up .
4/ Tnh to n i t- ng ci t ( Computi ng Obj ects Sets )
Mf i l e sampl e00.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Computati on . Hop thoai Computati on xuat hi en.
Al l : Tat cacac oi tng trong anal ysi s f eatures tree sec tnh toan.
+ Previ ew : xem thvi ec tnh toan. Chcotac dung khi ban achon l a chon Al l .
Mesh Onl y : choi tng Mesh mi c tnh.
Anal ysi s Case Sol uti on Sel ecti on : chtnh toan cac trng hp phan tch vi mot gi ai phap tot
nhat.
Sel ecti on by Restrai nt : tat cacac ngam gi sec tnh toan.
_ Chon sl a chon Mesh Onl y.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Compute.
oi tng Mesh c tnh toan vacothetrong thay . Trang thai cua Nodes and El ements ac
thay oi trong anal ysi s f eatures tree.
Mot oi tng Mesh vng chac cung xuat hi en pha di oi tng Nodes and El ements.
5/ Tnh to n tnh hc ( Computi ng Stati c Sol uti ons )
Vi ec tnh toan c ap dung cho hau het cac trng hp phan tch tnh hoc ( l anhng van e
ac bi et cua cac oi tng cai at ). Trong trng hp nay, nosea ra nhng gi ai phap phan tch vi
nhng ket quachi ti et cho tat canhng chi ti et phc tap c mac nh trong cac trng hp phan tch.
Nhng ket quatnh toan gi ai phap tnh hoc can ban bao gom vect chuyen vac trng bi gi a
trcua hethong bac tdo. Ket quanay setao ra nhng ket quatnh toan khac nh : ng suat , phan l c
vanhi eu ai l ng khac na.
Mf i l e sampl e08.CATAnal ysi s.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .Hop thoai Compute xuat hi en
_ Chon Al l cho trng hp phan tch.
Trong tr ng hp na y, chng trnh setnh toa n mac nh cho ta t canh ng o i t ng vi nh ng giai pha p tnh
ho c trong analysis feature tree.
_ Cho n la cho n Preview vasau oclick OK trong ho p thoa i Compute.
Nhng ba o ca o sec thay thetrong hop thoa i Computation Resources Estimation . Ba n cothe tie p tu c tnh
toan hay hoa n nola i.
_ Click Yes eba t a u tnh toan.
Ho p thoa i Progress Bar cung cap mot da y trang tha i ba o ca o manoba o cho bie t mc ocua quatrnh tnh toan .
Gia i phap tnh hoc c tnh toa n vatrong tha y .
Ngay ba y gi, ba n cothe xua t ba ng ba o ca o tnh toa n , nhan tha y nh ng hnh a nh cho nh ng ket quakhac nhau
.
6/ Tnh to n r ng buc tnh hc
( Computi ng Stati c Constrai nted Sol uti ons )
M file sample05.CATAnalysis .
_ Cho n St at ic Const r ained Modes.1 trong specitation tree.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .Hop thoai Compute xuat hi en
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Compute.
Che o cua ra ng buoc tnh ho c c tnh toan vacothe c tro ng tha y.
Ngay ba y gi, ba n cothe xua t ba ng ba o ca o tnh toa n , nhan tha y nh ng hnh anh cho nh ng ket quakhac
nhau .
12/ Xem kt qu bin d ng ( Vi sual i zi ng Def ormati ons )
M file sample23.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Def ormati on .
oi tng Def ormati on Mesh xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di oi tng Stati c Case
Sol uti on akch hoat.
Def ormati on Mesh tren chi ti et ac trong thay.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Def ormati on Mesh trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi hnh anh. Hop thoai
I mage Edi t xuat hi en vacho phep thc hi en thao tac chnh sa.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Edi t .
Hnh anh tng ng ac cai at do ban amac nh vabay gi c trong thay.
13/ Xem kt qu ng suat hi eu dung (Vi sual i zi ng Von Mi ses Streeses )
M file sample22.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Click bie u t ng Von Mi ses Streeses .
Hnh anh ng suat hi eu dung c trong thay vahnh anh oi tng Von Mi ses Streeses xuat hi en
trong speci f i tati on tree pha di oi tng Stati c Case Sol uti on akch hoat.
ng suat hi eu dung phan botren chi ti et c trong thay vi cheogi atrti eu chuan thehi en bi
mot bang mau.
Ban cothenhan thay hnh anh ng suat hi eu dung trong nhng hnh thc khac nhau bi mac nh
nhng cheoquan sat bang cach : mVi ew menu vachon l a chon Render St yle -> Cust omize View .
Khi con trochuot troi tren nh ng nut gii han cua l i , th ng suat hieu dung sec trong tha y tai mo i nu t o.
_ Chon mot oi tng nut eat c mot thay theben vng.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Von Mi ses Streeses trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi hnh anh. Hop thoai
I mage Edi t xuat hi en vacho phep thc hi en thao tac chnh sa.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Edi t .
Hnh anh tng ng ac cai at do ban amac nh vabay gi c trong thay.
14/ Xem kt qu dch chuyn (Vi sual i zi ng Di spl acements )
M file sample23.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Click bie u t ng Di spl acements .
Hnh anh ng suat hi eu dung c trong thay vahnh anh oi tng Di spl acements xuat hi en trong
speci f i tati on tree pha di oi tng Stati c Case Sol uti on akch hoat.
Vect chuyen vtnh ti en phan botren chi ti et c trong thay vi cheomui ten tng trng the
hi en bi mot bang mau.
Khi con trochuot troi tren nhng mui ten tng trng, th chuyen vtnh ti en sec trong tha y ta i moi nu t o
.
_ Chon mot mui ten tng trng eat c mot thay theben vng.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng transl ati onal di spl acement vector trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi hnh anh.
Hop thoai I mage Edi t xuat hi en vacho phep thc hi en thao tac chnh sa.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Edi t .
Hnh anh tng ng ac cai at do ban amac nh vabay gi c trong thay.
15/ Xem kt qu ng suat ti han (Vi sual i zi ng Pri nci pal Stresses )
M file sample24.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Click bie u t ng Pri nci pal Streeses .
Hnh anh ng suat ti han c trong thay vahnh anh oi tng Pri nci pal Streeses xuat hi en trong
speci f i tati on tree pha di oi tng Stati c Case Sol uti on akch hoat.
Ban cothenhan thay hnh anh ng suat ti han trong nhng hnh thc khac nhau bi mac nh
nhng cheoquan sat bang cach : mVi ew menu vachon l a chon Render St yle -> Cust omize View .
+ Tai moi i em, 3 hng toa oc thehi en bi mot ng thang tng trng ( hng cua
ng suat ti han ).
+ Mui ten chhng ( vepha trong/ vepha ngoai ) chrok hi eu cua ng suat ti han. Cheo
mau sac cung cap thong ti n bi mot bang mau .
Khi con trochuot troi tren nhng k hi eu scang tng trng, th nhng gi atrti han sec thay the.
_ Chon mot k hi eu scang eat c mot thay theben vng.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Streeses Pri nci pal tensor symbol trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi hnh anh.
Hop thoai I mage Edi t xuat hi en vacho phep thc hi en thao tac chnh sa.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Edi t .
16/ Xem kt qu chnh x c (Vi sual i zi ng Preci si ons )
M file sample25.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Click bieu tngPreci si on .
Mot hnh anh tap hp bao cao l oi c thay thevamot oi tng hnh anh Esti mated l ocal error
xuat hi en trong speci f i tati on tree pha di oi tng Stati c Case Sol uti on akch hoat.
Ban cothenhan thay hnh anh tap hp bao cao l oi trong nhng hnh thc khac nhau bi mac
nh nhng cheoquan sat bang cach : mVi ew menu vachon l a chon Render St yle -> Cust omize
View .
Tap hp bao cao l oi phan botren chi ti et c trong thay vi cheocac ng van thehi en bi
mot bang mau.
Ban onay cung cap thong ti n tnh chat cua nhng l oi trong bao cao tnh toan tng ng phan bo
tren chi tiet.
+ Neu l oi cogi atrl n trong pham vi tnh toan th ket quatnh toan trong pham vi nay col e
khong chnh xac. Mot stnh toan mi cothec ti en hanh ethu ket quatot hn.
+ eat c smac nh l ai l i trong pham vi tnh toan , sdung gi atrLocal Si ze vaSag
nhohn trong bc mac nh l i .
_ Khi con trochuot troi tren nhng oi tng nut, th nhng bao cao l oi sec thay the .
_ Chon mot oi tng nut eat c mot thay theben vng.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Esti mated l ocal error trong speci f i tati on tree esa oi hnh anh. Hop thoai
I mage Edi t xuat hi en vacho phep thc hi en thao tac chnh sa.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Edi t .
17/ T o bng b o c o ( Generati ng Reports )
M file sample58.CATAnalysis .
Tnh toa n cac giai pha p. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
* S du ng bie u t ng Generate Report .
Ho p thoai Generate Report xua t hie n .
Output di rectory : chng dan el u tr f i l e bao cao .html
ng dan atao trc oc tong chra.
Ti tl e of the report : mac nh chuecua bao cao .html .
Add created i mages : them vao mot cach tong nhng hnh anh ac tao vaakch hoat
cho bao cao .
Nhng hnh anh ban muon them vao trong bao cao phai c kch hoat.
Choose the anal ysi s case : chon trng hp phan tch maban muon l am vi ec.
_ Gan mot sl a chon mong muon . Trong trng hp nay, chon Stati c Case.
_ Cl i ck OK. Mot f i l e HTML cha bao cao tnh toan gi ai phap tnh hoc c thay the.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Generate Report .
_ Chon tat cacac trng hp phan tch.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Reporti ng opti ons. Bao cao HTML hoan chnh xuat hi en.
* Sdung Report contextual menu
_ Tao mot hnh anh.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck tren hnh anh torng speci f i tati on tree vachon Report tdanh sach soxuong.
Mot bang bao cao tong xuat hi en vabay gi cothec l u l ai .
18/ T o bng b o c o chnh x c ( Generati ng Advanced Reports )
M file sample56.CATAnalysis .
Tnh toa n cac giai pha p. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ Tao mot hnh anh. Trong trng hp nay, cl i ck bi eu tng Deformati on .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Generate Advanced Report . Hop thoai Generate Advanced Report xuat hi en.
Output di rectory : chng dan el u tr f i l e bao cao .html
ng dan atao trc oc tong chra.
Ti tl e of the report : mac nh chuecua bao cao .html
Choose the anal ysi s case : chon trng hp phan tch maban muon l am vi ec.
_ Hi eu chnh Output di rectory bi cl i ck vao nut vachon ng dan mong muon.
_ Thay oi ten cua bao cao neu can.
Trng hp nay, nhap Anal ysi s Report ( 56 ) cho l a chon Ti tl e of the report.
_ Chon trng hp phan tch mong muon. Trong trng hp nay chon Frequency Case .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Generate Advanced Report. Hop thoai Advanced Report Generati on xuat
hi en , ban hay mac nh thong ti n maban muon trch ttat cacac dl i eu kythuat trc khi oc l t ,
tao vaneu can thi et update f i l e bao cao ben ngoai .
Co2 ca sotrong hop thoai Advanced Report Generati on. Ca soben trai thay thedl i eu tng
ng trong speci f i tati on tree. Ca soben phai thay theban muon thay dl i eu bao cao chnh xac.
Lef t wi ndow : cha tat canhng yeu toxuat ra trong bao cao. Ban cothechon mot nut etrai
nora. Cac chuecua yeu tonay l a:
+ Text :
- Make descri pti on
- Computati on summary
+ I mages : nhom l ai cac yeu tovat l y. Tai moi l uc, ban cothethem hnh anh trong bao cao,
ban ti en hanh vi vi ec dung vi ewpoi nt hi en hanh.
- pre-def i ned i amges
- uses i mages
Ri ght wi ndow : cha tat canhng yeutocha trong bao cao
Lauch browser :
_ Chon tat cacac yeu tomong muon.
Trong v dunay, doubl e-cl i ck :
Make descri pti on ( pha di Frequency Case Sol uti on.1 )
Transl ati onal di spl acement magni tude ( pha di 3D Transl ati onal vector ) cho pre-def i ned
i amges
Def ormabl e Mesh ( pha di Frequency Case Sol uti on.1 ) cho ngi sdung hnh anh
_ Cl i ck OK hop thoai Advanced Report Generati on.
19/ c qu tr nh tnh to n ( Readi ng A Hi stori c Of Computati on )
M file sample30.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
_ An nh Gl obal error vaVon Mi ses sensors : Ri ght-cl i ck tren
20/ M phng ng nhng hnh nh ( Ani mati ng I mages )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Kch hoat hnh anh Stress Von Mi ses. Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mises St ress ( nodal values) .2 vachon
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Click bie u t ng Animate . Hop thoai Ani mate xuat hi en vahnh anh c l am chuyen ong vi cac
thong somac nh.
Sl i der : ban chon nhng bc thc hi en mong muon.
Pl ay :
+ : Jump t o St art
+ : Play Backwar d
+ : St eps Backward
+ : Pause
+ : St eps Forward
+ : Play Forward
+ : Jump t o End
Change l oop mode:
+ : l ap l ai hoat ong mot l an.
+ : Lap l ai hoat ong khong dng
+ : Lap l ai hoat ong vaao chi eu khong dng
Cho mot schuyen ong l i en tuc nhap gi atrl n nhat ( 20 ) cho l a chon Steps number vakch hoat
nut Repeat pl ay and reverse non stop.
Steps number : l am cho ssong ong l i nh hoat vi mc ocao hay thap.
Speed : mac nh gi atrtoc omong muon.
More : nut nay trai ra hop thoai Ani mati on.
Nhng sla chon chi ti et nay cua hop thoai da vao nhng chuegi ai phap ( mono-occurrence hay
mul ti -occurrence ).
+ Mono-Occurrence :
Bi mac nh ban cothethem vao nhng sl a chon hoan chnh.
: sdung stao chuyen ong khong oi xng.
- I nterpol ate val ues : l am ong nhng gi atrthem vao cua nhng hnh anh akch
hoat.
- I nterpol ate di spl acements : l am ong nhng chuyen vthem vao cua nhng hnh anh
akch hoat.
: sdung stao chuyen ong oi xng.
+ Mul ti -Occurrence :
- Al l occurrences : l am ong tat cacac hoat ong axay ra cua gi ai phap. Khi kch
hoat sl a chon nay cho phep ban chon cohay khong vi ec ghi nhcau truc.
S la m chuyen o ng ca u tru c sec ie u chnh chieu hu ng nhng chi pho i bonh. Ne u ba n
kho ng kch hoa t la cho n Memorize frames, viec mopho ng o ng ca u truc sekho ng to t nhie u bonh
nhng secha m hn.
- One occurrence : l am ong nhng hoat ong xay ra cua gi ai phap.
: cho phep ban chon hoat ong xay ra trc.
: cho phep ban chon hoat ong xay ra ti ep theo.
: cho phep ban chon hoat ong xay ra mong muon dung hop thoai Frequenci es.
Khi cl i ck nut nay, hop thoai Frequenci es xuat hi en. Chc nang Mul ti -sel ecti on khong
tac dung.
: sdung stao chuyen ong khong oi xng.
- I nterpol ate val ues : l am ong nhng gi atrthem vao cua nhng hnh anh akch
hoat.
- I nterpol ate di spl acements : l am ong nhng chuyen vthem vao cua nhng hnh anh
akch hoat.
: sdung stao chuyen ong oi xng.
_ Click nu t Pause . Sl am ong bngat quang.
Sdung thanh trt ban chon tuy ymot vai i em cua smophong.
_ Ne u ca n , thay o i Steps number vaclick nu t More. Cahop thoa i vama u xuat hien va c chpha d i .
_ Click nu t non symmetrical animation . Caho p thoai vama u xua t hie n va c chpha di .
_ Cl i ck nut Pl ay Forward . Shoat ong c l ay l ai vi nhng cai at mi .
_ Cl i ck Cl ose trong hop thoai Ani mati on.
21/ Ct mt phng phn tch ( Cut Pl ane Anal ysi s )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Kch hoat hnh anh Stress Von Mi ses. Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mises St ress ( nodal values) .2 vacho n
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Vtr cu a Compass tren mat pha ng c xem nh khu v c ca t tham kha o.
Chuy: ne u ba n khong xac nh vtr Compass , Compass seto ng xac nh vtr tren chi tiet , vi ma t pha ng
ca t tho ng thng enoc xac nh phng hng.
_ Click bie u t ng Cut Plane Analysis . Mat phang cat xuat hi en.
Ho p thoa i Cut Plane Analysis xua t hie n
_ S dung con troie u khie n Compass exoay hay tnh tien ma t phang ca t.
_ Kch hoat la chon View section Only trong ho p thoai Cut Plane Analysis etha y bien dang cua mat pha ng cat.
_ Cl i ck Cl ose trong hop thoa i Cut Plane Analysis .
22 / Khuch i bin d ng ( Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Gan mo t tr ng hp tnh hoc cho mo t s hien ha nh.
+ Kch hoat hnh anh Stress Von Mi ses. Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mises St ress ( nodal values) .1 vachon
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Click bie u t ng Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude .Hop thoai Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude xuat hi en.
Scal i ng f actor : hi eu chnh mot l ng khuech ai cho bi en dang trong thay dung heso tl e
khong oi .
+ Cursor : thay o i ong ho c t 0 en giatrln nhat.
+ Factor : chra heso tle .
+ Default : ba n du ng ye u totlemac nh.
Maximum amplitude : thay oi l ng khuech a i bie n da ng trong tha y du ng l ng khuech a i bien dang ln
nha t ( giata o ).
+ Length : chra giatrln nha t cho phep bien da ng tren bema t ( mm ).
+ Default : du ng lng khuech ai bie n da ng mac nh.
Set as default for future created images : gan mot thong sohie u chnh lng khuech ai bien dang ( hesohay
odai ) cho hnh anh ata o.
Co ng th c :
etrong tha y bien da ng thc , hesotlephai bang 1.
_ Chon la chon Scaling factor trong hop thoa i Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude.
_ Nhap 300 cho gi atrhesovanhan Enter.
Cho ket qua, bi en dang tang l en.
_ Click nut Default vasau oclick OK trong hop thoai Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude.
Khoi phuc l ai hnh anh cua bi en dang mac nh.
_ Hie u chnh giatrcua ta i tro ng . Trong tr ng hp na y :
+ Double-click tai trong Distribute Force.1 trong specifitation tree
+ Nha p 1000N cho giatrZ
+ Click OK trong hop thoai Distribute Force
_ Kch hoat hnh a nh ng suat hie u dung . Mot thong ba o cho bie t giai pha p pha i c update. Click OK eupdate gia i
pha p.
Trong trng hp nay, bi en dang thc l aquan trong hn nhieu.V vay, bi en dang thc l aquan
trong hn nhi eu vi 1 hesotl ekhong oi .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude. Hop thoai Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude xuat hi en.
_ Chon Maxi mum ampl i tude trong hop thoai Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude.
Ga trodai l akhac nhau :
_ Click nut Default vaclick OK trong hop thoai Ampl i f i cati on Magni tude.Ga trodai =27.985mm.
_ Hie u chnh giatrcua ta i tro ng . Trong tr ng hp na y :
+ Double-click tai trong Distribute Force.1 trong specifitation tree
+ Nha p 500N cho giatrZ
+ Click OK trong hop thoai Distribute Force
_ Kch hoat hnh a nh ng suat hie u dung . Mot thong ba o cho bie t giai pha p pha i c update. Click OK eupdate gia i
pha p.
Trong trng hp nay, bien dang thc l akem quan trong hn nhng bi en dang c trong thay gi ong
vi l ng gi atrl n nhat khong oi .
23/ T o cc tr ( Creati ng Extrema )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Gan mo t tr ng hp tnh hoc cho mo t s hien ha nh.
+ Kch hoat hnh anh Stress Von Mi ses. Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mises St ress ( nodal values) .1 vachon
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng I mage Extrema . Hop thoai Extrema Creati on xuat hi en.
Ban cothehoi chng trnh dotm tong sogi atrhay gi atrri eng l ecua i em cc trbi vi ec cai
at Gl obal vaLocal .
+ Neu chon Gl obal , ban sebat au dotm tong socac cc trl n nhat vanhonhat congha l ahe
thong sedotm tat canhng gi atrton tai bang vi gi atrnhonhat val n nhat.
+ Neu ban chon Local th ban sebat au dotm cc trnhonhat val n nhat cuc bongha l ahe
thong senghi en cu tat cacac gi atrl i en ket vi gi atrl n nhat vanhonhat vaso sanh vi 2 gi atr
l an can.
_ Nhap thong somong muon trong hop thoai Extrema Creati on. Trong trng hp nay, nhap 1 cho
gl obal mi ni um extrema va1 cho gl obal maxi mum extrema.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Extrema Creati on. Mot hnh anh mi tng ng vi scai at mac nh
c thay thevi 2 hop mui ten xac nh i em cc trtuyet oi cha ng thong ti n vegi atrdotm.
oi tng Extrema cha 2 cc trtong thepha di oi tng hnh anh hi en hanh trong speci f i tati on
tree.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck oi tng Extrema trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai Extrema Edi ti on xuat hi en . Ban
cothesa oi oi tng bi l a chon Gl obal hay Local .
_ Khong kch hoat Global vakch hoat Local .Hop thoai xac nh cc trtong thekhong xuat hi en, va
mot kyhi eu xac nh cc trri eng c trong thay.
oi tng Extrema cai at trong speci f i tati on tree , trong i eu ki en 2 oi tng Gl obal Extrema,
cho nhi eu oi tng cc trri eng ( Maxi mum hay Mi ni mum ) khi ban yeu cau.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck mot trong nhng oi tng Local Extremum trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai
Extremum Edi tion xuat hi en.
_ Chon Show l abel vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai Extremum Edi ti on.
Mot hop thoai mui ten mi c trong thay xac nh vtr i em tng ng vacha ng thong ti n cua
gi atrdotm.
24/ Hiu chnh bng mu ( Edi ti ng The Col or Pal ette )
Sphan phoi ng suat hi eu dung , chuyen v, ap l c , ng suat ti han c dung vi 1 bang mau.
Sa oi bang mau congha l aban nham nhan manh cac gi atrac bi et trai ra tren chi ti et.
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Gan mo t tr ng hp tnh hoc cho mo t s hien ha nh.
+ Kch hoat hnh anh Stress Von Mi ses. Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mises St ress ( nodal values) .1 vachon
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck tren bang mau ehi eu chnh no. Hop thoai Col or Map Edi ti on xuat hi en.
On boundary: ban chon tnh toan mau tren bi en dang hay cho tat cacac bophan.
Number of colors: hi eu chnh somau sdung.
Smooth: chon mau em du.
Inverse: ao thtmau sac
Imposed max: cho mot gi atrtoi a
Imposed min: cho mot gi atrtoi thi eu
More/Less buttons : mrong hay gi am bt hop thoai col or Map Edi ti on
Di stri bute modes :
+ Li near : Ga trcan oi gi a gi atrnhonhat vagi atrl n nhat.
+ Hi stogram : Ga trphan bomamoi khoang cha nhng sogi ong nhau cua gi atr.
+ Logari thmi c : gi atrl oga phan bogi a gi atrl n nhat vagi atrnhonhat.
Di stri bute edi ti on : nodung hi eu chnh sphan bosdung danh sach soxuong . Ban cothe
gan mot gi atrac bi et cho ngng khong thtehi eu chnh nokhi ban cai at nhng gi atrkhac.
Sau khi moi gi atrmi c nhap cho 1 ngng, danh sach c tnh toan em l ai khanang tac ong
gi a ngng nay vi 2 ngng ben canh no. Neu mot stac ong qua l ai c nhan ra th nhng gi atr
trc oc phan boneu cac gi atrcothec at l en.
Di spl ay Format :
+ Styl e : Sci enti f i c, Deci mal , Automati c
+ Number of si gni f i cant di gi ts
_ Hi eu chnh nhng thong somong muon.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck nhng gi atrau ti en cua sphan bo.
_ Chon I mpose tdanh sach soxuong.
Ket quagi atrI mpose l aYes c chpha di :
_ Ri ght-cl i ck nhng gi atrau ti en cua sphan bo.
_ Chon Rel ease tdanh sach soxuong.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck nhng gi atrau ti en cua sphan bo.
_ Chon Edi t tdanh sach soxuong.Hop thoai Edi t Val ue xuat hi en.
Trong trng hp nay nhap 2.6e+007 vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai Edi t Val ue. Ket quagi atrban
va mi hi eu chnh c tong at l en :
_ Cl i ck Appl y eang kyoan bang mau. Neu Yes, cl i ck tren OK. Hop thoai bang mau xuat hi en va
smac nh chcogi atrcho sthay thenay.
Ban cothedi chuyen bang mau trong khung xem.
_ Chon bang mau vadi chuyen novi nut gi a chuot den mot ni mong muon. Khi bang mau c
chon, khung xem chi ti et c kch hoat vachi ti et c obong.
_ Cl i ck trl ai tren bang mau econh no.
* Ngoai ra, ban cothekhoa bang mau .
M file sample2_Lock01.CATAnalysis .
_ Cho n chi tie t maba n muo n khoa bang ma u , Right-click tre n ba ng ma u vachon Lock t danh sach soxuong.
_ Double-click mot hnh a nh cua mo t chi tiet trong la p rap.
Bang mau hoan chnh :
_ Cho n chi tie t mong muo n ( trong ho p thoa i Image Edition ( nha n Selection ) , Right-click ba ng ma u vacho n Lock t
danh sach soxuo ng.
Ma u c cho n trong chi tie t c chon trthanh mo t vai loa i ma u chda n.
Bang mau hoan chnh :
_ Cho n ta t casan pha m trong hop thoa i Image Edition ( nha n Selection ) . Ma u cua san pha m c hie u chnh tng
ng vi ma u chdan. Ma u na y trthanh ma u chda n cua sa n pham. Mot ket quatat canhng ma u kha c c cai at
sao cho phuh p.
Bang mau hoan chnh :
25/ Xem thong ti n ( I nf ormati on )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Tnh toan cac gia i pha p. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+Ri ght-cl i ck tren Stati c case sol uti on trong speci f i tati on tree vachon Generate I mage tdanh
sach soxuong. Sau ochon hnh anh St ress f ull t ensor component ( nodal values) t ho p thoa i Image
Generation.
_ Click bie u t ng Information .Hop thoai Information xuat hien v i thong tin tre n hnh anh c chon.
Chuy: ban cothethem nhi eu thong ti n tren nhng hnh anh atao khac nhau bi l a chon nhng
hnh anh nay tspeci f i tati on tree. Nhng thong ti n tren hnh anh th2 nay sexuat hi en trong hop thoai
thong ti n hoan chnh tren hnh anh c chon au ti en.
+ thong ti n c thay thetrong hop thoai thong ti n da tren chuea chon :
Type of I mage
Type of I nformat ion
Deformed
Mesh
Est imat ed Local
Error
Any Ot her Type
of I mage
Obj ect Name
Display ( On Boundary or all element s ; Over Local
Sel ect ions or all t he Model)
Mesh St at ist ics ( nodes and element s)
Ext rema Values ( Min and Max)
Filt ers for 1D, 2D or 3D element s
Used Mat er ials ( and Yi eld St rengt h)
Precision Locat ion
Est imat ed Precision
St rain Ener gy
Global Est i mat ed Error Rat e
_ Click Close .
_ Ta o mo t cc tr( cho v du, ta o mot giatrtong theln nha t )
_ Click bie u t ng Information vachon cc trva mi tao. Hop thoai Information xuat hien cho ban thong
tin cua c c trachon.
_ Click Close trong ho p thoa i Information .
25/ B tr nh ( I mages L ayout )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Kch hoat toi thi eu 2 hnh anh . Ri ght-cl i ck tre n hnh anh th1 sau otren hnh a nh th 2 vachon
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Click bie u t ng Images Layout . Hop thoai Images Layout xua t hien .
Explode :
+ Along : chtoa o( X, Y, Z ) hay mat pha ng ( XY, XZ, YZ ) theo chie u dai maban muon explode s
tro ng tha y hnh anh.
+ Distance : chkhoang ca ch gia 2 hnh anh. Nu t Default cho ba n la y la i giatrthuan l i nhat cho khoa ng
ca ch .
Default
OK :
Cancel :
Preview :
_ Cho n toa oX vanhap 200mm cho giatrkhoang cach.
_ Click Priview trong ho p thoa i Images Layout . Hnh anh tha y c tra i ra theo chie u dai toa oX.
_ Cho n Default trong ho p thoa i chpha di :
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Images Layout .
_ Kch hoat hnh a nh Translat ional displacement vect or .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Images Layout vachon Explode.
_ Cho n XZ cho l a cho n Along , nha p 100mm cho giatrDistance vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai Images Layout.
26/ Lm n gin c ch biu din nh ( Si mpl i f yi ng Representati on )
M file sample26.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au :
+Ban phai thc hi en bc View -> Render St yle -> Cust omize View vacha c chan ra ng cac l a
chon Shading , Outlines vaMaterial phai c kch hoat trong hop thoa i Custom View Modes.
+Tnh toa n ca c giai phap. Cho v duna y cl i ck bi eu tng Compute .
+ Kch hoat hnh anh Stress Von Mi ses. Ri ght-cl i ck Von Mises St ress ( nodal values) vacho n
Active/Deactive t danh sach soxuo ng.
_ Click bie u t ng Simplified Representation .
_ Chon mot hnh anh trong speci f i tati on tree. Trong v dunay, chon hnh anh Von Mises St ress ( nodal
values) trong speci f i tati on tree.Hop thoai Simplified Representation xuat hie n.
None : khong thc hien n gia n hoa hnh a nh.
Bounding box : thay the ho p thoa i bien dang hnh a nh khi di chuyen.
Compressed : giam bt soo i tng ta o hnh cua sbie u dien . Danh sach tylecho ba n chon mc ocua
s gia m b t ( Low, Medium, High ).
+ La cho n Compressed kho ng cotac du ng trong ca c tr ng hp:
- chueText image
- chue Symbol image
- Hesoco rut khong bang 1
- Di spl ay el ement wi thout val ue c kch hoat
+ La chon cotheyeu cau thi gi an tnh toan quan trong, v vay thanh trang thai xuat hi en
thong bao cho bi et quatrnh nen :
Trong lu c na y ban cotheclick nut Cancel edng quatrnh nen
_ Chon l a chon Bounding box.
_ Click OK trong ho p thoai Simplified Representation.
_ Zoom, pan, rotate hnh a nh.
Ho p bie n da ng tng trng xuat hien vachpha di :
Khi khong con gi chuot hop bien dang tng trng c an i.
27/ T o khung nh ( Generati ng I mages )
M file sample56.CATAnalysis .
Trc khi bat au : cl i ck bi eu tng Compute . Chon Al l vacl i ck OK trong hop thoai
Compute.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng mong muon trong speci f i tati on tree vachon Generate I mage tdanh sach so
xuong . Trong v dunay, ri ght-cl i ck oi tng Frequency Case Sol uti on vachon
Generate I mage tdanh sach soxuong.Hop thoai I mage Generati on xuat hi en.
Avai l abl e I mage :danh sach tat canhng hnh anh maban cothetao ra.
Ban thetm pha di danh sach cua nhng hnh anh cogi atrmachong c tao trc
o:
+ Analysi s Sol uti on
+ Nodes and Elements
+ Loads
+ Mases
+ Restrai nts
+ Properti es
I mage name : ban l oc ra nhng hnh anh tng ng vi ten.Bi mac nh ten cua nhng hnh
anh c l i et ketrong bang chcai .
Chon I mage Name menu c chpha di :
Ket quadanh sach cua nhng hnh anh cogi atrxuat hi en vac chpha di :
Physi scal Type : ban l oc ra cogi atrtng ng vi chuevat l y.
Sub Types : ban loc ra cogi atrtng ng vi chuephu.
Occurrences : banchon nhng hoat ong xay ra ang hi en hanh maban muon trong thay.
+ Sl a chon nay cogi atrcho gi ai phap phan tch mul ti - occurrences
+ Mul ti -sel ecti on cua occurrenses l acogi atr. Mot hnh anh sec tao cho moi
occurrences achon :
- Nhap danh sach nhng hoat ong xay ra mong muon.Neu ban nhap 1,6-8 cho gi atr
occurrences, occurrences achon l a: 1,6,7 va8.
- Hay cl i ck nut nhan vagi phm Crt vachon occurrence mong muon
Deacti ve exi sti ng i mages : khong kch hoat thay thenhng hnh anh d8atao trc o.
_ Nhap * mi ses* trong I mage name vanhan Enter. Danh sach cua tat canhng hnh anh cogi atrc
update trong hop thoai I mage Generati on
_ Chon hnh anh maban muon tao trong danh sach Avai l abl e I mage. Trong v dunay, chon Von Mi ses
Stress ( nodal val ues ).
_ Cl i ck nut echon occurences mong muon. Hop thoai Frequenci es xuat hi en:
_ Nhan vagi phm Crt vachon cac sol a:1, 6, 7, 8.
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Frequenci es. Nhng Occurrences c tong update.
_ Neu muon, chon Deacti ve exi sti ng i mages .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai I mage Generati on. Nhng hnh anh setong c tao ra. Trong trng
hp nay, co4 hnh anh c tao vachung chong l en nhau.
31/ Xut d liu ( Export Data )
M file sample35.CATAnalysis .
_ Ri ght-cl i ck oi tng mong muon trong speci f i tati on tree .
_ Chon Export Data tdanh sach soxuong . Hop thoai Export Data xuat hi en, ban
hay mac nh ng dan mong muon , ten vachuecua f i l e atao.
Output di rectory : ban cothechon ng dan trong odl i eu sec xuat.
File name : ba n cothecho n te n cua file mong muon .
Fi l e type : f i l e coca2 uoi .txt hay .xl s .
_ Cl i ck OK trong hop thoai Export Data. Fi l e xuat hi en c chpha di :
Cac gi atrx, y, z
Nhng gi atrtrc oc an nh cho hnh anh qua quatrnh l oc.
c h - ng i x : m ph ng ng h c
( dmu k i nemat i c s si mul at o r )
I / M Wo r k benc h :
_ Chon Digit al Mockup -> DMU Kinemat ics tSt art menu.
DMU ki nemati cs Workbench ac nhap vamra mot bang dl i eu rong :
_ Chon Fi l e - > Open tmenu bar.
_ Chon dl i eu rods.CATProduct tsampl es f ol der.
_ Cl i ck Open emf i l e achon. Speci f i tati on tree c thay thevachra tat cacac san pham a
c chon.
_ Chon san pham trong Speci f i tati on tree, sau ochon Edit -> Represent at ions- > Design Mode . Sau o
trai Speci f i tati on tree ra echcac oi tng thi et kecua san pham.
I I / Th i t k h t h ng l i n k t
1/ Lin kt cp thp ( L ow er Pai r Joi nt s )
Neu ban l am vi ec trong cheoxem l ache gi au hethong , th ban can phai thc hi en bc Edit -
> Represent at ions-> Desi gn Mode trc oethc hi en cheothi et ketong ( mot i em nhn cua
san pham sexuat hi en trong hnh vehay speci f i tati on tree ) . Tat caban can l am l acl i ck l en oi
tng.
Ban cothesdung truc toa ohethong etao cac l i en ket. Chon bi eu tng Axis-based Joint
trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts .
1.1 Lin kt xoay ( R evol ut e Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat-Revol ute.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar.Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on :
Revol ute xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Chuy: hop thoai mi nay cho ban nhap ten congha cua mecheni sm.Cl i ck OK khi al am.
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
Mechani sm c mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ La chon Nul l Of f set c cai at bi mac nh. Gi nocho cac bc thc hi en ti ep theo.
Bay gi ban can chon 2 ng thang va2 mat phang.
_ Chon Li ne 1 trong khu vc hnh ve, chon truc toa okhp noi c chpha di :
_ Chon Li ne 2 trong khu vc hnh ve, chon truc toa obanh xe :
Sl a chon hop thoai hi en hanh c tong update.
_ Chon nhng mat phang c chpha di :
Pl ane 1 : chon mat phang khp trong ben trai
Pl ane 2 : chon bemat banh xe ben trai
Mat phang ban chon phai vuong goc vi truc cua l oachon trc o
_ An nh hng goc exoay khp noi neu can thi et .
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec xoay khp noi atao. Speci f i tati on tree c update :
_ Mf i l e Creat-Coi nci dence-Revol ute.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
1.2 Lin kt l ng tr ( Pr i sm at i c Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Pri smati c.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Pri smati c Joi nt trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar hay chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-
>Pri smati c tMenu bar. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Pri smati c xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Chuy: hop thoai mi nay cho ban nhap ten congha cua mechani sm.Cl i ck OK khi al am.
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
Bay gi ban can chon 2 ng thang va2 mat phang.
_ Chon Li ne 1 trong khu vc hnh ve. Trong v duchung ta chon mot canh ( f i x.1 )
_ Chon Li ne 2 trong khu vc hnh ve. Chon mot canh th2 ( sl ot.1 ).
_ Chon mat phang th1 vamat phang th2 c chpha di :
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket l ang tru.
Li en ket l ang truac tao vac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
1.3 Lin kt tr ( Cy l i ndr i cal Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_Cyl i ndri cal .CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Cyl i ndri cal Joi nt trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar hay chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-
> Cyl i ndri cal tMenu bar. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Pri smati c xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
Mechani sm c mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
Bay gi ban can chon 2 ng thang.
_ Chon Li ne 1 trong khu vc hnh ve. Trong v du, chung ta chon truc cua Cyl i nder 1.
_ Chon Li ne 2 trong khu vc hnh ve. Chon truc cua Cyl i nder 2.
_ Chon Angl e dri ven vaLength dri ven trong hop thoai ang ky.
_ Cl i ck OK trong eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket tru.
Li en ket ac tao vac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree
_ Mac nh mot chi ti et conh, cho v dunay cl ick bi eu tng Fi xed Part vachon oi tng (
Cyl i nder 2 ). Mechani sm cothec mophong.
_ Mf i l e Creat_Cyl i ndri cal _Resul t.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
1.4 Lin kt mt phng ( Pl anar Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_ Pl anar.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Pl anar Joi nt trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar hay
chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-> Pl anar tMenu bar. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Pri smati c xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
Mechani sm c mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
Bay gi can chon 2 mat phang
_ Chon Pl ane 1 trong khu vc hnh ve( Pl ate.1 )
_ Chon Pl ane 2 trong speci f i tati on tree ( xy Pl ane )
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket mat phang.
Li en ket mat phang ac tao vac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
1.5 Lin kt dy c p ( Cabl e Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_Cabl e.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Cabl e Joi nt trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar hay
chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-> Cabl e tMenu bar. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Pri smati c xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Cabl e xuat hi en :
Bay gi can chon 2 l i en ket l ang tru:
_ Chon Pri smati c Joi nt 1 vaPri smati c Joi nt trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Gan mot menh l enh, cho v duchon Lengt h driven for Pr ismat ic 2 trong hop thoai ang ky.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket day cap. Mechani sm cothec mophong.
Li en ket day cap ac tao vac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
Chuy: nhng l i en ket phc tap trong mot l i en ket ghep cothekhong c hi eu chnh hay xoa ngay
l ap tc .
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Simulat ion wit h Commands hay doubl e-cl i ck Mechani sm.1 trong speci f i tati on
tree ethay thehop thoai si mul ati on tng ng.
_ Mf i l e Cabl e_Resul t.CATProduct eang kyket quacua ban.
Chuy: etao mot l i en ket day cap, 2 l i en ket l ang truphc tap trong mot l i en ket day cap phai
da vao 2 chi ti et gi ong nhau.
Hnh vepha di chra i eu o( P danh cho chi ti et , Pri s. danh cho l i en ket l ang tru).
1.6 Lin kt inh vt ( Scr ew Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_Cabl e.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng Screw Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Screw Joi nt c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Li ne 1 trong cakhu vc hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree. Trong v dunay, ta chon truc cua
i nh vt c chpha di :
_ Chon Li ne 2 , truc cua Part2 cyl i nder :
_ Nhap 10 trong opi tch vachon Length dri ven .
Chuy: tat cacac l i en ket :ten cua nhng chi ti et l i en quan trong vi ec tao l i en ket xuat hi en trong
hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Screw.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket i nh vt.
Speci f i tati on tree ac update.
_ Mf i l e Screw_Resul t.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Mechani sm.1 vacl i ck bi eu tng Simulat ion wit h Commands .
1.7 Lin kt cu ( Spher i cal Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_ Spheri cal .CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Spheri cal Joi nt . hay chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-> Spheri cal tMenu bar. Hop
thoai Joi nt Creati on: Screw Joi nt c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
* Cheothi et ketong :
Mechani sm ac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
Bay gi ban can chon 2 i em.
_ Chon Poi nt 1 trong khu vc hnh ve. Chon nh cua khoi cau.
_ Chon Poi nt 2 trong khu vc hnh ve. Chon i em th2 ( nh cua hoc ).
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket cau.
Li en ket cau ac tao vac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
1.8 Lin kt cng ( R i gi d Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_ Ri gi d.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Ri gi d Joi nt hay chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-> Spheri cal tMenu bar. Hop thoai
Joi nt Creati on : Ri gi d xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
Mechani sm ac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
Bay gi ban can chon 2 chi ti et.
_ Chon chi ti et 1 trong speci f i tati on tree hay trong khu vc hnh ve. Chon Pl ate 1.
_ Chon chi ti et 2 trong speci f i tati on tree hay trong khu vc hnh ve. Chon Pl ate 2.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket cng.
Li en ket cng ac tao vac mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree.
1.9 Lin kt cho ( U ni ver sal Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Uj oi nt_Wi thout_Joi nt.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng Uni versal Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Screw Joi nt c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Vi ec chon truc cua cross-pi n sec l am n gi an :
Hng mac nh l aNormal cho Spi n 2
Ban cothechon 1 vai hng eang ky1 vai l a chon ( step 7 ) hay
Chon Normal cho Spi n 2
_ Cl i ck tren New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Spi n 1 trong khu vc hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree. Chon truc cua khoi trumau xanh l a
cay c chpha di :
_ Chon Spi n 2 , chon truc cua khoi truc mau xanh bi en :
_ Chon hung truc cua cross-pi n. Chon l a chon Any. Trong trng hp nay, ban can chon hng
truc cua cross-pi n ( manophai vuong goc vi 1 trong 2 truc achon ). Chon mot canh cua khoi truc
mau xanh l acay.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket cheo.
speci f i tati on tree ac update
_ Mf i l e Uj oi nt_wi th_j oi nt.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
1.10 Lin kt b nh r ng ( Gear Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_ Gear.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Gear Joi nt hay chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-> Gear tMenu bar. Hop thoai
Joi nt Creati on : Gear xuat hien.
Mechani sm c trong speci f i tati on tree.
Bay gi ban can chon 2 Revol ute j oi nts.
_ Chon Revol ute.1 trong catrong speci f i tati on tree hay khu vc hnh ve.
_ Tao Revol ute.2 trong lenh Gear. Cl i ck . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Revol ute tong xuat
hi en :
Chon l i ne.1 ( green cyl i nder axi s ) val i ne 2 ( orange cyl i nder axi s ) c chpha di trong khu vc
hnh ve:
Chon pl ane.1 ( green cyl i nder axi s ) vapl ane.2 ( orange cyl i nder axi s ) trong caspeci f i tati on tree hay
trong khu vc hnh ve:
_ Chon nut l a chon Of f set vagigi atrmac nh. Khi al am, cl i ck OK.
_ An nh mot l enh thi hanh, chon trng hp Angl e dri ven f or revol ute1 trong hop thoai ang ky.
* nh ngha tysotruyen : co2 phng phap emac nh thong sotysotruyen :
+ Thay oi cong thc ( trong trng hp nay tsotruyen l a1 thong somac nh ) : ri ght-cl i ck tren
Rati o vadung Edi t Formul a tdanh sach soxuong c thay the.
+ Sdung Def i ne opti on trong hop thoai j oi nt creati on etnh tsotruyen mot cach tong.
_ Cl i ck emac nh thong sotsotruyen tong. Hop thoai Gear Rati o Def i ni ti on c t
ong thay the.
_ Chon 2 vong tron trong khu vc hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck OK khi al am.
Viec tnh toan tsotruyen xuat hi en trong hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Gear
_ Thay oi sl a chon hng xoay neu can thi et. Mac nh l agi ong vangc l ai .
_ Cl i ck OK khi al am.
Bay gi neu ban sdung Formul a Edi tor, ( mot cong thc asan sang c mac nh trong v du
) ri ght-cl i ck tren Rati o vadung Edi t Formul a tdanh sach soxuong c thay the.
Cl i ck Gear1 trong speci f i tati on tree vachon ban knh c chpha di :
Cong thc atong nhap trong orati o , nhap vao mot k hi eu chi a ( / ). Cl i ck Gear 2 vachon
radi us.2 c chpha di :
_ Cl i ck OK khi al am. Tsotruyen ac update:
Li en ket banh rang ac tao vamac nh trong speci f i tati on tree
Bay gi trai l i en ket banh rang ban va mi tao, cac nhanh cua l i en ket sec thay the.
Chuy: nhng l i en ket phc tap trong mot l i en ket ghep cothec sa oi hay xoa ngay l ap tc.
_ Mf i l e GearV5_Resul t.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
Chuy: etao mot l i en ket banh rang th 2 l i en ket Revol ute trong mot l i en ket banh rang phai thuoc
cung mot chi ti et gi ong nhau.
Hnh c chpha di : ( p c ai di en cho chi ti et , R cho Revol ute )
1.11 Lin kt gi ( R ack Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_ Gear.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Gear Joi nt trong Ki nemati cs Joi nts hay chon I nsert-> New Joi nt-> Gear t
Menu bar. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Gear xuat hi en.
_ Chon Pri smati c.2 trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Chon Revol ute.1 trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ An nh mot l enh thi hanh, chon trng hp Angl e dri ven f or revol ute1 trong hop thoai ang ky.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket gi a. Li en ket gi aac tao vamac nh trong
speci f i tati on tree. May cua ban cothec mophong, mot thong ti n canh bao c thay the.
Bay gi trai l i en ket banh rang ban va mi tao, cac nhanh cua l i en ket sec thay the.
Chuy: nhng l i en ket phc tap trong mot l i en ket ghep cothec sa oi hay xoa ngay l ap tc.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Mechani sm.1 ebat au mophong vi chc nang commands.
_ Mf i l e Rack_Resul t.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
Sa oi tsotruyen
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Rack.3 trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai Joi nt Edi ti on c thay the:
_ Cl i ck nut Def i ned . Hop thoai Rack Rati o Def i ni ti on xuat hien :
_ Chon mot hnh tron tren hnh ve
Tsotruyen c tong tnh toan
_ Cl i ck OK
Chuy:
- etao mot l i en ket gi ath pri smati c varevol ute j oi nts phai nam tren cung mot chi ti et.
Hnh vepha di chroi eu o( P l achi tiet , R cho Revol ute, Pri s. cho Pri smati c ) :
1.12 Lin kt CV ( CV Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_CVj oi nt.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng CVj oi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: CVj oi nt c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Spi n 1 trong hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree. Trong v du, chon truc bl ue cyl i nder c
chpha di :
Sl a chon hi en hanh atong c update.
_ Chon Spi n 2 , cho v duchon truc green cyl i nder :
_ Chon Spi n 3, chon truc yel l ow.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket cheo CV:
Chuy: ban can them vao mot chi ti et conh vatao nhung l i en ket revol ute emophong may
nay.
_ Mf i l e Cvj oi nt_Resul t.CATProduct eang kyket quavamophong may.
2/ Lin kt cp cao
2.1 Lin kt im tr n - ng cong ( Cr eat i ng Joi nt Cur ve Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Creat_Poi ntCurve.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng Poi nt Curve Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Poi nt Curve c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Curve 1 trong hnh ve. Current sel ecti on c tong update vi sl a chon cua ban.
_ Chon Poi nt 1 trong hnh ve, chon Poi nt.1 trong hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree.
Ban cotheang kysnh hng c mac nh bi dau mui ten mau xanh l acay trong hnh veva
trong v dunay ( c gan cho mot squay ) nhng ban khong thethay oi hng aang ky.
+ Nhng chi tiet khong phc tap trong vi ec tao l i en ket c thay thetrong anh sang ong ( e
dedang xac nh l i en ket maban ang l am vi ec )
+ Di chuyen con tropha tren mui ten mau xanh l acay ebat au mot mophong ngan.
Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Poi nt Curve.1 xuat hi en : chon Length dri ven trong hop thoai ang ky.
Chuy: trong vi ec thay oi cheoban cothethay snh hng bi mui ten mau xanh l acay:
Neu ban khong chuyen viec cogang thay oi hng tren mot i em l i en ket ng cong, mot
bang thong ti n canh bao c thay the
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket ng cong.
Speci fi tati on tree c update :
2.2 Lin kt tr - t tr n - ng cong ( Cr eat i ng Sl i de Cur ve Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Sl i deCurve_wi thout_ki n.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng Sl i de Curve Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Sl i de Curve c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Curve 1 trong hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree. Chon na hnh cau mau vang c chpha
di :
_ Chon Curve 2 trong hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree. Chon ng thang tren chi ti et mau xanh l a
cay c chpha di :
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket trt tren ng cong.
Bay gi tao l i en ket th2 ( l ien ket xoay ) val i en ket th3 ( l i en ket l ang tru).
Revol ute.2
+ Chon l i ne.1 (ng thang mau trang ben phai )
+ Chon l i ne.2 (ng thang mau trang ben trai )
+Chon mat phang xy (xanh l acay ) (pl ane 1)
+Chon mat phang xy ( nhng ng thang mau trang ) ( pl ane 2 )
+ Cl i ck OK khi al am.
Pri smati c.3
+ Chon l i ne.1
+ Chon l i ne.2 c chpha di
+ Chon mat phang xy ( nhng ng thang mau trang ) ( pl ane 1 )
+Chon mat phang xy ( hnh cau mau vang ) ( pl ane 2 )
+ Cl i ck OK khi al am.
_ Ban quen an nh l enh :
Doubl e-cl i ck Revol ute.2 trong speci f i tati on tree.
Chon hop thoai ang kyAngl e dri ven trong hop thoai Joi nt Edi ti on : Joi nt.2 athay the
Cl i ck Ok khi al am
ay l anhng g ban al am :
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Fi xed Part trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on hay chon I nsert ->Fi xed Part t
menu bar. Hop thoai New Fi xed Part c thay the.
_ Chon chi ti et aconh trong speci f i tati on tree hay trong hnh ve. ay, chon hnh cau mau xanh
l acay. Speci f i tati on tree ac update sao cho phuhp.
May cothec mophong.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Mechani sm.1 trong speci f i tati on tree. Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on Mechani sm
1 c tong thay the.
Chuy: neu conhng quy l uat c mac nh trong may, smophong vi nhng quy l uat se
c bat au tong.
Dch chuyen thanh trt
_ Mf i l e Sl i deCurve_wi th_ki n.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
2.3 Lin kt l n tr n - ng cong ( Cr eat i ng Scr ol l Cur ve Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Rol l Sl i deCurve_wi thout_ki n.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng Rol l Curve Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Rol l Curve c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Curve 1, chon vong tron pha ben trong cua hnh ve. Current sel ecti on c tong update
vi sl a chon cua ban.
_ Chon Curve 2, cho v duchon con l an c chpha di :
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket l an tren ng cong.
Speci f i tati on tree c update.
_ Bay gi , tao Rol l Curve.2 . Chon trl ai bi eu tng Rol l Curve Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on:
Rol l Curve c thay the.
_ Chon vong tron pha ben ngoai cho curve 1 vacon l an cho curve 2 trong hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket Rol l Curve.2.
Speci fi tati on tree c update .
_ Bay gi tao Revol ute.3. Cl i ck bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on : Revol ute
c thay the.
_ Chon nhng ng thang vanhng mat phang :
Chon truc vong tron pha ben trong cho l i ne 1
Chon truc vong tron pha ben ngoai cho l i ne 2
Chon mat phang zx ( vong tron pha ben trong )
Chon mat phang zx ( vong tron pha ben ngoai )
_ An nh menh l enh, cho v dunay chon hop thoai ang kyAngl e dri ven.
* Chtrong cheosa oi ( i n Edi ti on mode onl y ) :
Ban cotheki em tra snh hng c mac nh bi mui ten mau xanh l acay trong hnh veva
trong v dunay ( l enh c an nh cho mot hng quay ), ban cothethay oi snh hng o:
Nhng chi ti et khong phc tap trong vi ec tao l i en ket c thay thetrong anh sang ong ( e
dedang xac nh l i en ket maban ang l am vi ec ) : Pi cture.1
Di chuyen con tropha tren mui ten mau xanh l acay ebat au mot mophong ngan.
Cl i ck mui ten ethay oi snh hng neu bat buoc : Pi cture.2
Pi ct u r e .1 Pi ct u r e .2
Bay gi , neu ban xoa l enh vaan nh nocho Joi nt.1, tat caban l am l aang kysnh hng, ban
khong thethay oi l enh nh hng.
Di chuyen con troebat au smophong :
Neu ban khong chuyen viec cogang thay oi hng tren mot i em l i en ket ng cong, mot
bang thong ti n canh bao c thay the
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket xoay. Speci f i tati on tree c update.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Fi xed Part trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on hay chon I nsert ->Fi xed Part t
menu bar. Hop thoai New Fi xed Part c thay the.
_ Chon vong tron pha ben trong cho chi ti et aconh trong speci f i tati on tree hay trong hnh ve.
Speci f i tati on tree ac update sao cho phuhp vamay cothec mophong.
Mf i l e Rol l Sl i deCurve_wi thout_ki n.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
2.4 Lin kt im tr n bmt ( Cr eat i ng Joi nt Sur f ace Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Poi nt Surf ace_wi thout_ Joi nt.CATProduct.
_ Cl i ck mui ten pha ben trong bi eu tng Revol ute Joi nt.
_ Mkhoa Ki nemati cs Joi nts tool bar :
_ Chon bi eu tng Poi nt Surf ace Joi nt . Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on: Poi nt Surf ace c thay the.
_ Cl i ck New Mechani sm. Hop thoai Mechani sm Creati on c thay the:
Trong v dunay, gi ten mac nh Mechani sm.1
_ Chon Surf ace 1 trong hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Chon Poi nt 1 trong hnh vehay trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l i en ket i em tren bemat.
Speci f i tati on tree c update.
_Mf i l e Poi nt Surf ace_wi thout_ Joi nt.CATProduct eang kyket qua.
i i / h i u c h nh c c l i n k t
1/ Hiu chnh lin kt im tr n - ng cong ( Edi t i ng Joi nt Cur ve Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Edi t_Poi ntCurve.CATProduct.
_ ang kymay cothec mophong, cho v dunay : cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th Commands
trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on.
Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on xuat hi en :
Chuy:trang thai cua hop thoai da tren scai at cua ban . Lenh thc hi en mophong ong hoc
may l acotac dung c chpha di :
_ Sdung thanh trt chay mophong .
_ Cl i ck nut vacl i ck Cl ose khi al am.
_ Sa oi vtr hnh ve: trong vdunay, ban di chuyen ng cong. Ri ght-cl i ck truc xoay 3D vachon
Snap Automati cal l y to Sel ected Obj ect tdanh sach soxuong c thay the:
_ Chon ng cong trong speci f i tati on tree hay trong hnh ve. Truc xoay 3D c tong truy bat
tren oi tng ng cong.
_ Keo truc xoay c chpha di :
_ Thatruc xoay 3D :
_ Cl i ck trl ai bi eu tng Si mul ati on tthanh cong cuSi mul ati on. Khong qual au emay cothe
c mophong. Mot bang thong bao cothec thya the.
_ Cl i ck Yes. May c tong update :
Nhng chi ti et phc tap trong may c tap hp l ai .
May cothec mophong
Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on xuat hi en :
2/ Hiu chnh lin kt im tr n bmt ( E di t i ng Joi nt Sur f ace Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Edi t_Poi ntCurve.CATProduct.
_ ang kymay cothec mophong, cho v dunay : cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th Commands
trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on.
Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on xuat hi en :
Chuy:trang thai cua hop thoai da tren scai at cua ban . Lenh thc hi en mophong ong hoc
may l acotac dung c chpha di :
_ Sdung thanh trt hay dung chc nang mani pul ators trong hnh veechay mophong cua ban :
_ Cl i ck nut vacl i ck Cl ose khi al am.
_ Sa oi hnh ve: trong v du, ban thay oi mot ng thang Surf ace_Poi ntSurf ace.CATPart.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Swap vi si ble space ethay thenhng oi tng an.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck mot ng cong c chpha di :
Sketcher worbench c tong thay the
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Hi de/Show vasau ocl i ck bi eu tng Swap vi si ble space ethay the
ng cong trong khong gi an bi eu di en :
_ Sa oi ng cong c chpha di trong Sketcher worbench :
Cl i ck bi eu tng Exi t Workbench
Neu bat buoc cl i ck bieu tng Update
Bemat vaque ac tach ri : may cothekhong l au sau oc mophong.
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Product.2 trong speci f i tati on tree
Ban trl ai moi trng Ki nemti cs Si mul ator workbench.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Update posi ti ons .
_ Gi ynghomaDMU Ki nemati cs Si mul ators thc hi en mot cach tong l enh update. May c
tong update : nhng chi tiet phc tap trong may sec tap hp l ai sao cho phuhp.
_ Mophong trl ai may cua ban vi thi et keasa oi . Cl i ck bieu tng Si mul ator wi th Commands
trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on.
_ Cl i ck Cl ose khi at c mong muon.
3/ Thay thlin kt tr - t tr n - ng cong ( R epl ace Sl i de Cur ve Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Edi t_Sl i deCurve.CATProduct.
_ ang kymay cothec mophong, cho v dunay : cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th Commands
trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on.
Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on xuat hi en :
Chuy:trang thai cua hop thoai da tren scai at cua ban . Lenh thc hi en mophong ong hoc
may l acotac dung c chpha di :
_ Dung thanh trt echay mophong cua ban.
_ Cl i ck nut vacl i ck Cl ose khi al am.
_ Trong Speci f i tati on Tree, doubl e-cl i ck l i en ket ehi eu chnh. Trong v du, doubl e-cl i ck Joi nt.1
Hop thoai Joi nt Edi ti on c thay the:
Trong hop thoai Joi nt Edi tion:Joi nt.1 , chon ng cong maban muon thay the
Hnh vephc tap trong l i en ket trt tren ng cong l aanh sang o.
_ Chon mot ng cong mi trong l i en ket trt tren ng cong cua ban trong hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck Appl y eang kyl ien ket mi . Nhng chi ti et may c tap hp l ai sao cho phuhp.
_ Cl i ck OK exac nhan quatrnh hoat ong. May cothec mophong , mot bang thong bao c
thay the:
4/ Thay thl n tr n - ng cong ( R epl ace Scr ol l Cur ve Joi nt s )
Mf i l e Auto_reconnect.CATProduct.
_ ang kymay cothec mophong, cho v dunay : cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th Commands
trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on.
Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on xuat hi en :
Chuy:trang thai cua hop thoai da tren scai at cua ban . Lenh thc hi en mophong ong hoc
may l acotac dung c chpha di :
_ Dung thanh trt echay mophong cua ban tng ng vi nhng menh l enh. Que cothedi chuyen
doc theo chi eu dai cua bemat chi ti et.
_ Cl i ck nut vacl i ck Cl ose khi al am.
_ Trong speci f i tati on tree, doubl e-cl i ck Hol e feature pha di nut Pad Surf ace.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Hol e.1 vachon Acti ve tdanh sach soxuong c thay the
Loxuat hi en tren bemat. Part Desi gn workbench c m.
_ Chon san pham Auto-reconnect trong speci f i tai ton tree echuyen en Ki nemati cs Si mul ator
workbench.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th Commands trong thanh cong cuSi mul ati on.
_ Dung thanh trt echay mophong cua ban tng ng vi nhng menh l enh. Que cothedi chuyen
doc theo chi eu dai cua bemat chi ti et.
May cothec mophong vi l othem vao
Li en ket i em bemat c noi l ai chuyen ong en trang thai hnh vetrc o( bemat vi loa
c hoat ong ).
5/ Lin kt l i im tr n bmt
( R econnect Joi nt Sur f ace Joi nt s A f t er Geomet r y M odi f i cat i on )
Phan nay cung cap 2 v duvabang tom tat nhng i em echcho ban bi et cach nhanh nhat e
gi ai quyet van enay :
* Trng hp 1 : tao mot l ien ket l an tren ng cong
_ Chon bi eu tng Rol l Curve Joi nt trong thanh cong cuKi nemati cs Joi nts. Hop thoai Joi nt Creati on :
Rol l Curve c thay the
_ Ban khong thechon Curve 2 trong hnh ve. Nokhong thetao c l i en ket l an tren ng cong bi
v nhng chi ti et khong covtr thch hp.
_ Cl i ck Cancel ethoat chc nang tao l i en ket.
_ Chon Di gi tal Mockup -> DMU Navi gator tStar menu.
_ nh l ai vtr cua cac chi ti et chc nang Snap. Ban at c i eu nay l a:
_ Chon l ai bi eu tng Rol l Curve Joi nt trong thanh cong cuKi nemati cs Joi nts. Hop thoai Joi nt
Creati on : Rol l Curve c thay the. Bay gi , ban cothetao l i en ket l an tren ng cong bi v
nhng chi ti et acovtr thch hp.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket.
* Trng hp 1 : tao mot l i en ket i em bemat
_ Chon bi eu tng Poi nt Surf ace Joi nt trong thanh cong cuKi nemati cs Joi nts. Hop thoai Joi nt
Creati on : Poi nt Surf ace c thay the:
_ Ban khong thechon Poi nt 1 trong hnh ve. Nokhong thetao c l i en ket i em bemat bi v
nhng chi ti et khong covtr thch hp.
_ Cl i ck Cancel ethoat khoi l enh tao l i en ket i em bemat.
_ Chon Di gi tal Mockup -> DMU Navi gator tStar menu.
_ nh l ai vtr cua cac chi ti et chc nang Snap. Ban at c i eu nay l a:
_ Chon l ai bi eu tng Poi nt Surf ace Joi nt trong thanh cong cuKi nemati cs Joi nts. Hop thoai Joi nt
Creati on : Poi nt Surf ace c thay the:
Bay gi ban cothetao c l i en ket i em bemat bi v nhng chi ti et acovtr thch hp.
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc vi ec tao l ien ket.
7/ Thay i r ng buc tr ong lin kt ( Conv er t i ng Const r ai nt s I nt o Joi nt s )
Mf i l e j i gsaw_wi th_constrai nts.CATProduct
Nhng rang buoc thay rocatrong hnh vevatrong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Ban phai chac rang l aang cheothi et ke( Edi t ->Representati ons ->Desi gn Mode ).
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Assembl y Contrai nts Conversi on tthanh cong cuDMU Ki nemati cs. Hop
thoai Assembl y Constrai nt Conversi on xuat hi en :
_ Cl i ck tren nut New mechani sm. Cl i ck OK khi al am.
_ Cl i ck tren nut Auto Create ebat au thc hi en.
Ban cothethay 5 cap san pham cha c tach ra
Nhng rang buoc ac sa oi trong nhng l i en ket V5. 5 l i en ket c mac nh trong
speci f i tati on tree vanoi bat trong hnh ve.
_ Cl i ck OK exac nhan thao tac cua ban . Bay gi, hay tao l enh thc thi .
_ Doubl e-cl i ck Revol ute.4 trong speci f i tati on tree. Trong hop thoai Edi t Joi nt Edti on c thay the
_ Chon hop thoai ang kyAngl e dri ven vasau ocl i ck OK etao l enh. Lenh ac tao vac
mac nh trong speci f i tati on tree :
Mot bang thong bao c thay the, may cua ban bay gi cothec mophong
_ Cl i ck OK eket thuc.
8/ S dng Update Command
Cong cuUpdate Command l acong curat hu ch nham cap nhat nhng sa oi cua cac l i en
ket hay nhng rang buoc mot cach ri en bi et.
Khi ban muon nhap l ai mot may, th cl i ck tren bi eu tng Update Posi ti ons sau khi achon
may maban muon nhap c chpha di :
Mf i l e rods_wi th_j oi nts.CATProduct
_ Di chuyen Rod.2 vaRod.1 cho v du:
+ Di chuyen en i em i eu khi en truc xoay
+ Keo vathatruc xoay tren rod.4 trong hnh ve
+ Di chuyen rod.2
_ nh l ai truc xoay 3D :
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Update Posi ti ons
Hop thoai Update Mechani sm c thay the:
Sl a chon Take current posi ti ons f or ri gi d j oi nts secho ban mot vtr mi :
_ Cl i ck OK exac nhan thao tac cua ban. May ac update vachi ti et atrl ai vtr ban au.
Bay gi di chuyen Rod.2 vaRod.1 vi cach thc gi ong nh vay
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Update Posi ti ons .
_ Chon hop thoai ang kyTake current posi ti ons f or ri gi d j oi nts .
ay l anhng g ban thu c :
Bay gi ban hay mophong may.
Vtr hi en tai c gi cho Ri gi d.2 ( Rod.4, Rod.1 )
Bay gi xoa mot rang buoc l ap rap.
_ Neu ban can thong ti n verang buoc ac bi et nay : doubl e-cl i ck Conci dence.2 ( Rod.3, Rod.4 ) trong
speci f i tati on tree ethay thehop thoai Constrai nt Def i ni ti on.
_ Ri ght-cl i ck Conci dence.2 ( Rod.3, Rod.4 ) trong speci f i tati on tree.
_ Chon Del ete tdanh sach soxuong.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Update Posi ti ons . Hop thoai Update Mechani sm xuat hi en.
_ Cl i ck OK. Nhng l i en ket trong may c update.
Revol ute.1 (Rod.3, Rod.4 ) c cai tao thanh mot l i en ket tru( Cyl i ndri cal .1 ) c chpha di :
9/ Di chuyn c c r ng buc d ng The Compass
Mf i l e j ack.CATProduct
_ Chon truc xoay i eu khi en vakeo notren CRIC_BRANCH_1.
_ Bay gi neu ban nhan vagi phm Shi f t, chon truc v/z tren truc xoay, sau okeo vathaoi tng
l en vaxuong, ban cothethay 3 oi tng ang di chuyen. ay l amot 1 v dumaban cothethc
hi en :
_ Lap l ai nhng thao tac cho nhi eu thi gi an maban muon. Nhng san pham sephan ng chnh xac.
CRI C_FRAME khong di chuyen bi v noabconh. Co3 oi tng khac cothedi chuyen.
_ Buong nut chuot trai trc khi buong phm Shi f t.
_ Keo truc xoay tnhng oi tng c chon vathano.
i i i / c h y m ph ng
1/ M phng v i Laws
Mf i l e j ack.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th l aws trong thanh cong cuDMU Ki nemati cs
_ Thay oi trc ti ep day thong sothi gi an ong hoc trong hop thoai dung nut Edi t Ti me range .
Hop thoai Si mul ati on Durati on c thay the:
Nhap mot gi atrmi 20s cho v duvacl i ck OK
Gi atrnay phai l an vgi ay (s) vaphai l n hn 10-6 s . Gi atrbi en othi gi an l n nhat
c tong update trong hop thoai :
_ Gan sobc mong muon, chay mophong sdung nut Si mual ti on :
St art
Play Back
St ep Back
Pause
St ep Forward
Play Forward
End.
May chuyen ong tng ng vi vi ec mac nh l ai nhng quy l uat nhat c tong update
trong hop thoai :
Ban cothechuyen oi gi a mot vai cheomophong ngay tai luc nay.
Ban cothenhap mot gi atrthi gi an etrong thay vtr cua may.
_ Cl i ck Anal ysi s neu ban can dotm nhng va cham hay khoang cach trong khi mophong( ban can
tao oi tng va cham hay khoang cach au ti en ).
Hop thoai Edi t Anal ysi s c thay the:
_ Chon va cham neu ban amac nh vakch hoat .
_ Chay mophong.
_ Cl i ck Cl ose exac nhan cac thao tac cua ban.
Bi mac nh vtr mi c gi khi thc hien l enh mophong.
Trc khi thoat l enh mophong etrvevtr ban au :
Ban can cl i ck :
( mophong vi l enh )
( mophong vi quy l uat )
2/ M phng v i Commands
Mf i l e j ack.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands . Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on xuat hi en :
Chuy: trang thai cua hop thoai da tren nhng cai at cua ban ( mrong hay khong )
Lenh thc hi en chuyen ong cua may l acotac dung.
_ Sdung thanh trt cua l enh.
Nhng chi ti et tng ng vi chuyen ong may di chuyen sao cho phuhp.
Neu ban cl i ck nut , hop thoai Ki nemati cs Si mul ati on c mrong ra.
Bi mac nh sl a chon I mmedi ate c gan.
Ban cothedung thanh trt, nhap mot gi atrhay i eu khi en trc ti ep hnh veeat c mot
ket quatng t.
* Gan mot gi atrl enh
Ban cothegan mot gi atrl enh :
Trc ti ep trong hop quay ( spi n box )
Hay cl i ck nut oi di en l enh vanhap nhng giatrthay thegi atrthong thng tren.
_ (Tuy y) thay oi gi atrl enh ( neu ban dung hop thoai tren, ng quen cl i ck OK khi al am ).
_ Cl i ck OK exac nhan cac thao tac cua ban.
Bi mac nh vtr mi c gi khi thc hi en l enh mophong ( mophong vi nhng l enh vamo
phong vi nhng quy l uat )
etrao oi vi vtr cu, cl i ck :
( mophong vi l enh )
( mophong vi quy l uat )
3/ M phng tr n Request
Mf i l e j ack.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands . Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Simul ati on c thay the.
_ Cl i ck nut .Lenh thc hi en chuyen ong cua may l acotac dung c chpha di .
Bi mac nh sl a chon I mmedi ate c gan.
_ Chon nut l a chon On Request.
_ Nhap mot gi atrchnh xac cho l enh . Cho v dul a20.
_ Nhap sobc maban muon l a20.
_ Cl i ck Pl ay Forward . Nhng chi ti et tng ng vi chuyen ong may di chuyen sao cho phuhp
tai moi bc.
_ Cl i ck OK exac nhan cac thao tac cua ban.
Ban can cl i ck nut trc khi thoat l enh mophong etrvevtr ban au
Bi mac nh vtr mi c gi khi thc hi en l enh mophong ( mophong vi nhng l enh vamo
phong vi nhng quy l uat )
( Gi sgi nhnay, trong mophong vi nhng quy l uat ban can cl i ck nut Start enhay ti vtr
ban au )
4/ Tho t m phng tr ong khi thay i vtr
Mf i l e j ack.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands . Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Simul ati on c thay the.
_ Chay mophong cua ban vadng tai 4.75 .
_ Cl i ck nut .
Chuy: vtr mi c gi u.
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands . Khi ban thay oi thong sothi gi an ( dung emac
nh gi atrl enh ) trong khi mophong vi nhng quy l uat, gi atrl enh ( 47.5000 ) thay oi vi l u y
en quy l uat.
_ Di chuyen thanh trt tren eket thuc.
_ Thoat khoi smophong vi nhng l enh. Cl i ck Cl ose. Vtr c gi vachpha di :
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands .Comot bc nhay gi atrl enh tng ng tai thong
sothi gi an trc ol a4.750.
Gi atrl enh c tong tnh toan l ai vi chuyen quy l uat vathong sothi gi an
_ Chay mophong cua ban.
_ Cl i ck nut Cl ose khi at c mong muon.
5/ M phng sau khi di chuyn r ng buc
Mf i l e j ack.CATProduct
_ Cl i ck bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands . Hop thoai Ki nemati cs Simul ati on c thay the.
_ Di chuyen thanh trt echay mophong cua ban ( en khi gi atrl a30.000 )
I ni t i al posi t i on Posi t i on af t er si mul at i ng
_ Cl i ck nut Cl ose ethoat khoi smophong vi l enh.
Ban can cl i ck nut trc khi thoat l enh mophong etrvevtr ban au
Bi mac nh vtr mi c gi khi thc hi en l enh mophong ( mophong vi nhng l enh vamo
phong vi nhng quy l uat )
_ Bay gi , dung truc xoay vaphm Shi f t edi chuyen CRI C_BRANCH_1.1.
_ Chon si eu khi en truc xoay vathanotren CRI C_BRANCH_1.1
Bay gi , ban can nhan vagi phm Shi f t, chon truc v/z tren truc xoay, sau okeo vathaoi tng
l en vaxuong, ban cothethay 3 oi tng ang di chuyen. ay l amot v dumaban cothel am :
_ Bay gi cl i ck trl ai bi eu tng Si mul ati on wi th commands .
Chuy: gi atrl enh trc ol a:30.000
Gi atrl enh c tong tnh toan theo vtr mi .
Gi atrl enh trthanh : -47.8689
_ Chay mophong cua ban trl ai .
_ Cl i ck Cl ose.