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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman Judul....................................................................................................... i
Lembar Pengesahan Skripsi.................................................................................. ii
Surat Pernyataan ................................................................................................... iii
Lembar Persembahan............................................................................................
Abstraksi ...............................................................................................................
Prakata ..................................................................................................................
Daftar Isi................................................................................................................
Daftar Tabel ..........................................................................................................
Daftar Gambar ......................................................................................................
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN
1.1. Latar Belakang Pengadaan Proyek..................................................... 1
1.1.1. Tinjauan Tipologi.................................................................... 2
1.1.2. Tinjauan Lokasi....................................................................... 6
1.1.3. Tinjauan Jenis Layanan........................................................... 11
1.1.4. Tinjauan Kelas......................................................................... 14
1.1.5. Tinjauan Kapasitas.................................................................. 16
1.1.6. Tinjauan Pengelola.................................................................. 20
1.1.7. Resume.................................................................................... 22
1.2. Latar Belakang Permasalahan.............................................................
22
1.2.1. Kondisi Hotel Resort Ideal...................................................... 23
1.2.2. Kondisi Hotel Resort Sekarang............................................... 24
1.2.3. Identifikasi Permasalahan........................................................ 25
1.3. Rumusan Permasalahan ..................................................................... 26
1.4. Tujuan................................................................................................. 27
1.5. Sasaran................................................................................................
27
1.6. Lingkup Studi..................................................................................... 28

1.7. Metoda Studi....................................................................................... 29


1.8. Sistematika dan Tata Langkah Penulisan........................................... 30
BAB II

TINJAUAN PROYEK

2.1. Tinjauan Hotel ................................................................................... 32


2.1.1. Pengertian Hotel...................................................................... 32
2.1.2. Sejarah Perhotelan Indonesia................................................... 33
2.1.3. Karakteristik Hotel.................................................................. 35
2.1.4. Klasifikasi Hotel...................................................................... 36
2.1.5. Macam-Macam Tipe Hunian Hotel......................................... 37
2.1.6. Jenis-Jenis Hotel...................................................................... 39
2.1.7. Resume.................................................................................... 41
2.2. Tinjauan Hotel Resort.........................................................................
41
2.2.1. Pengertian Hotel Resort........................................................... 41
2.2.2. Faktor Penyebab Munculnya Hotel Resort.............................. 43
2.2.3. Karakteristik Hotel Resort....................................................... 45
2.2.4. Prinsip Desain Hotel Resort.................................................... 47
2.2.5. Resume.................................................................................... 48
2.3. Tinjauan Pelaku.................................................................................. 49
2.3.1. Tinjauan Tamu Hotel............................................................... 49
2.3.1.1. Pengertian Wisatawan................................................ 49
2.3.1.2. Jenis-Jenis Wisatawan............................................... 50
2.3.1.3. Karakteristik Wisatawan............................................ 52
2.3.1.4. Kegiatan Wisatawan dalam Hotel Resort.................. 53
2.3.2. Tinjauan Pengunjung............................................................... 54
2.3.3. Tinjauan Pengelola.................................................................. 55
2.3.4. Tinjauan Karyawan.................................................................. 57
2.3.5. Resume.................................................................................... 58
2.4. Persyaratan dan Kriteria Hotel Resort Bintang Tiga..........................
59
2.4.1. Identifikasi Standar Fasilitas dan Kapasitas............................ 59

2.4.2. Identifikasi Kebutuhan Ruang................................................. 62


2.4.2.1. Zona Privat................................................................. 62
2.4.2.2. Zona Publik................................................................ 63
2.4.2.3. Zona Pengelola.......................................................... 66
2.4.2.4. Zona Servis................................................................ 67
2.4.2.5. Resume...................................................................... 68
2.4.3. Organisasi Ruang..................................................................... 68
2.4.4. Sirkulasi dan Pencapaian......................................................... 70
2.4.5. Persyaratan Khusus.................................................................. 72
2.4.6. Tinjauan Hotel Resort Sejenis................................................. 76
BAB III

TINJAUAN TEORI

3.1. Kajian Teori Arsitektur....................................................................... 81


3.2. Elemen Pembentuk Tata Ruang.......................................................... 83
3.2.1. Wujud Dasar Bentuk............................................................... 83
3.2.2. Perubahan Bentuk.................................................................... 85
3.2.3. Kategori Bentuk....................................................................... 86
3.2.4. Jenis Bahan/Material............................................................... 88
3.2.5. Warna....................................................................................... 89
3.2.6. Tekstur..................................................................................... 92
3.2.7. Sirkulasi................................................................................... 93
3.3. Kajian Teori Pencahayaan, Penghawaan dan Akustika...................... 95
3.3.1. Pencahayaan............................................................................ 95
3.3.2. Penghawaan............................................................................. 97
3.3.3. Akustika...................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
100
3.3.4. Resume....................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
101
3.4. Kajian Teori Analisi Tapak................................................................

...................................................................................................................
101
3.4.1. Permasalahan Tapak................................................................
...................................................................................................................
101
3.4.2. Proses Analisis Tapak..............................................................
...................................................................................................................
103
3.4.3. Resume....................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
104
3.5. Kajian Teori Tata Ruang Luar............................................................
...................................................................................................................
104
3.5.1. Pengertian Ruang Luar............................................................
...................................................................................................................
104
3.5.2. Terjadinya Ruang Luar............................................................
...................................................................................................................
105
3.5.3. Perencanaan Ruang Luar.........................................................
...................................................................................................................
107
3.5.4. Meng-Enclosure Ruang Luar..................................................
...................................................................................................................
109
3.5.5. Hirarki Ruang Luar..................................................................
...................................................................................................................
111
3.5.6. Resume....................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
112
3.6. Kajian Arsitektur Tradisional Jawa....................................................
...................................................................................................................
113

3.6.1. Tata Ruang Dalam...................................................................


...................................................................................................................
113
3.6.2. Tata Ruang Luar......................................................................
...................................................................................................................
121
3.6.3. Bentuk Bangunan....................................................................
...................................................................................................................
122
3.6.4. Sistem Struktur dan Konstruksi Rumah Jawa.........................
...................................................................................................................
127
3.6.5. Resume....................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
130
3.7. Kajian Arsitektur Kontemporer..........................................................
...................................................................................................................
131
3.7.1. Penjelasan Mengenai Arsitektur Kontemporer........................
...................................................................................................................
131
3.7.2. Arsitektur Kontemporer di Indonesia......................................
...................................................................................................................
132
3.7.3. Resume....................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
133
BAB IV

TINJAUAN WILAYAH DAN LOKASI

4.1. Gambaran Umum Provinsi DIY.........................................................


134
4.1.1. Kondisi Administratif, Geografis dan Klimatologis................
...................................................................................................................
134

4.1.2. Kondisi Alam...........................................................................


...................................................................................................................
137
4.1.3. Resume....................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
139
4.2. Gambaran Umum Kabupaten Gunungkidul.......................................
...................................................................................................................
139
4.2.1. Kondisi Administratif, Geografis, Klimatologis dan
Demografis..............................................................................
.................................................................................................
140
4.2.2. Kondisi Alam...........................................................................
.................................................................................................
144
4.2.3. Potensi Alam............................................................................
.................................................................................................
146
4.2.4. Resume....................................................................................
.................................................................................................
150
4.3. Gambaran Umum Kecamatan Tepus..................................................
...................................................................................................................
150
4.3.1. Kondisi Administratif, Geografis dan Klimatologis................
.................................................................................................
150
4.3.2. Kondisi Sosial, Budaya dan Ekonomi.....................................
.................................................................................................
154
4.3.3. Kondisi dan Potensi Alam.......................................................
.................................................................................................
156
4.3.4. Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah.................................................

.................................................................................................
157
4.3.5. Resume....................................................................................
.................................................................................................
159
4.4. Gambaran Spesifik Kawasan Pantai Siung.........................................
...................................................................................................................
159
4.4.1. Lokasi dan Akses.....................................................................
.................................................................................................
160
4.4.2. Kondisi Alam...........................................................................
.................................................................................................
162
4.4.2.1. Ciri Penting.................................................................
.................................................................................................
162
4.4.2.2. Kontur.........................................................................
.................................................................................................
165
4.4.2.3. Iklim...........................................................................
.................................................................................................
166
4.4.3. Potensi Alam............................................................................
.................................................................................................
167
4.4.4. Fasilitas dan Pola Lingkungan.................................................
.................................................................................................
169
4.4.5. Tata Guna Wilayah..................................................................
.................................................................................................
170
4.4.6. Pemilihan Lokasi Tapak..........................................................

.................................................................................................
172
4.4.7. Resume.....................................................................................
.................................................................................................
174
BAB V

ANALISIS PERENCANAAN DAN PERANCANGAN HOTEL


RESORT DI PANTAI SIUNG

5.1. Analisis Perencanaan Hotel Resort.....................................................


175.............................................................................................................
5.1.1. Analisis Pelaku dan Kegiatan..................................................
.................................................................................................
176
5.1.1.1. Identifikasi Pelaku......................................................
.................................................................................................
176
5.1.1.2. Identifikasi Kegiatan..................................................
.................................................................................................
181
5.1.1.3. Analisis Pola Kegitan Pelaku.....................................
.................................................................................................
187
5.1.1.4. Resume.......................................................................
.................................................................................................
195
5.1.2. Analisis Kebutuhan Ruang......................................................
.................................................................................................
195
5.1.3. Analisis Hubungan Ruang.......................................................
.................................................................................................
202
5.1.3.1. Hubungan Ruang Makro............................................
.................................................................................................
203

5.1.3.2. Hubungan Ruang Mikro.............................................


.................................................................................................
204
5.1.3.3. Resume.......................................................................
.................................................................................................
212
5.1.4. Analisis Kedekatan Ruang.......................................................
.................................................................................................
212
5.1.5. Analisis Besaran Ruang...........................................................
.................................................................................................
218
5.1.6. Analisis Tapak.........................................................................
.................................................................................................
230
5.2. Analisis Perancangan Hotel Resort....................................................
246
5.2.1. Analisis Tata Ruang Luar........................................................
.................................................................................................
249
5.2.1.1. Analisis Massa Bangunan...........................................
.................................................................................................
249
5.2.1.2. Analisis Sirkulasi........................................................
.................................................................................................
251
5.2.1.3. Analisis Material........................................................
.................................................................................................
253
5.2.1.3. Analisis Warna...........................................................
.................................................................................................
256
5.2.2. Analisis Perancangan Pendekatan Studi..................................
.................................................................................................
257

5.2.2.1. Analisis Bentuk Bangunan.........................................


.................................................................................................
257
5.2.2.2. Analisis Tata Ruang Dalam........................................
.................................................................................................
260
5.2.2.3. Analisis Penggunaan Ornamen...................................
.................................................................................................
262
5.2.3. Analisis Elemen Pembentuk Ruang........................................
.................................................................................................
265
5.2.4. Analisis Perancangan Aklimatisasi Ruang..............................
.................................................................................................
268
5.2.4.1. Analisis Pencahayaan.................................................
.................................................................................................
268
5.2.4.2. Analisis Penghawaan..................................................
.................................................................................................
270
5.3. Analisis Sistem Struktur.....................................................................
273
5.3.1. Analisis Struktur Tapak...........................................................
.................................................................................................
273
5.3.2. Analisis Struktur Bangunan.....................................................
.................................................................................................
275
5.4. Analisis Sistem Utilitas......................................................................
280
5.4.1. Jaringan Drainase....................................................................
.................................................................................................
280
5.4.2. Jaringan Sanitasi......................................................................

.................................................................................................
281
5.4.3. Jaringan Air Bersih..................................................................
.................................................................................................
281
5.4.4. Jaringan Listrik........................................................................
.................................................................................................
282
5.4.5. Jaringan Telekomunikasi.........................................................
.................................................................................................
283
5.4.6. Jaringan Transportasi Sampah.................................................
.................................................................................................
283
5.4.7. Jaringan Pemadam Kebakaran.................................................
.................................................................................................
284
5.4.8. Jaringan CCTV........................................................................
.................................................................................................
285
5.4.9. Jaringan Penangkal Petir.........................................................
.................................................................................................
286
5.4.10.Jalur Evakuasi..........................................................................
.................................................................................................
286
BAB VI. KONSEP PERENCANAAN DAN PERANCANGAN HOTEL
RESORT DI PANTAI SIUNG
6.1. Konsep Perencanaan Hotel Resort......................................................
287.............................................................................................................
6.1.1. Konsep Organisasi Ruang.......................................................
288

6.1.2. Konsep Besaran Ruang...........................................................


290
6.1.3. Konsep Tapak.........................................................................
295
6.1.3. Konsep Penzonaan..................................................................
297
6.2. Konsep Perancangan Hotel Resort.....................................................
...................................................................................................................
298.............................................................................................................
6.2.1. Konsep Tata Ruang Luar........................................................
298.............................................................................................................
6.2.2. Konsep Penekanan Studi.........................................................
300
6.2.3. Konsep Elemen Pembentuk Ruang.........................................
303
6.2.4. Konsep Aklimatisasi Ruang....................................................
305
6.3. Konsep Sistem Struktur......................................................................
...................................................................................................................
307
6.4. Konsep Sistem Utilitas.......................................................................
...................................................................................................................
309
Daftar Pustaka.......................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
312