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DESIGN OF 132kV MAIN BUS

SUMMARY

1.Design Parameter
Design maximum Current Fault Current, Symmetrical Minimum size recommended Isc = = =

Metric 2000 A 25 kA 100.00 mm

British

2.Section Property
Outer diameter Inner diameter Thickness of wall Area of Cross-section Moment of Inertia Section Modulus = 102.00 mm = 90.52 mm = 5.74 mm = 1735.95 mm2 = 201.78 cm4 = 39.56 cm3 4.000 3.564 0.226 2.59 in in in sq.in

3.Electrical Design
Current Capacity = 2344 A Refer Calculation

4.Deflection Check
Self Weight of Bus Bar Unsupported span of Bus Bar Assumed Deflection L = = = 4.690 kg/m 1040 cm 3.90 cm 45.962 N/m

Refer Calculation

BUS SIZES PROPOSED FOR PATHLAIYA SUBSTATION Description 1 132kV Main Bus 2 Interconnecting Branch Bus Aluminum Bus size OD ID Thickness 102 90.52 5.74 4 3.56 0.226 76 69.03 2 2.875 2.718 0.079

mm inch mm inch

BUSBAR CALCULATION 132kV MAINBUS REFERENCE: IEEE-605/1998 A. Input Data: 1. Short Circuit Fault Data: a. Short Circuit Fault Current, Symmetrical rms A: 2. Fault Current Calculation For Aluminum Busbar Duration of fault, t sec Area of Cross section, A sq.mm Conductivity in percentage, G Final Temperature of Bus, Tf DegC Initial Temperature of Bus before fault, Ti DegC Constant Maximum allowable fault current I, A rms 15150 G Ti 20 15150 G I = 4.133 10 4 t A G Tf Ti C 1 1735 53 90 40 92.9 Isc 25000

Tf I 1 6 C .10 .A . .log t

20

3. VERTICAL DEFLECTION Constant w.r.t. conductor location and fault Distance betwwn the busbar, D, cm Short Circuit Force for three phase fault condition, Fsc N/m F sc ( 1.6 . ) .( Isc )
4 10 .D 2

0.866 For 3 phase fault 270

F sc = 320.741 4.69 .9.8 15 . 9.8 10.4 Fc Fd

Busbar / Conductor Self Weight Bus Weight, Fc N/m Connector Weight, Fd N/m Total Conductor / Bus weight, F G Span length for continous bus, LD Constant Modulas of Elasticity, E kPa Cross section moment of inertia, J cm4 C E J 1.78 6.895 .10 Refer Table 3
7

Fc Fd FG

Fc = 45.962 Fd = 14.135 F G = 60.097

201.78

Allowable deflection can be taken 0.5 - 1% of vertical dimension So, for calculation 0.5%x Bus height is taken Allowable deflection, Ya cm Maximum span Length cm 185 .E .J .Ya FG
1 4

Ya = 3.9

LD

C.

L D = 1.138 10

Allowable Span Length > the actual span, so design satisfactory 4. Conductor Fibre Stress Wind Unit force on Bus, Fw, N/m Outer diameter of bus, Do cm Taken Wind Pressure 75kg/mm2 as per specification Do N F w 75 .9.8 . 100 m Total Unit Force, FT, N/m for Horizontal Bus FT Fw F sc
2

Do = 10.2

Refer Summary Sheet

F w = 74.97

FG

F T = 400.248

5. Fibre Stress for Continous Bus Constant Maximum Allowable Stress, FA kPa Section Modulas, S cm3 Max. Allowable Length, Ls cm Ls C. 28 .F A .S FT L s = 2.371 10 3 C FA S 3.16 203403 39.56 Table 4 Allowable stress

Max. span > Actual span, so the fibre stress is sufficient As Actual Span is 1050 cm, the design is satisfactory

6. Calculation for Ampacity


Diameter of Pipe, inch Temperature difference , dT Surface area of busbar pipe Ap, sq.in/ft d dT Ap 4 50 d .12

Ap = 150.796 a. Forced Convection qc, watts/ft qc 0.010 .d


0.4 .

Ap .dT

qc = 43.305

b. Radition loss, qr, watts/ft Emissivity without sun, Conductor Temperature, Tc, Kelvin Ambient Temperature, Ta, Kelvin 36.9 .10
12 .

Tc Ta

0.2 363.15 313.15

For new bus 90 DegC 40 DegC

qr

.Ap . Tc

Ta

qr = 8.653

c. Solar heat gain is considered nil

d. Resistance of Busbar Conductor Conductivity C', Cross section area, Sq.in Conductor Temperature, DegC 8.145 .10 . 1 ( C .A2 )
4

C A2 T2

53 2.59 90 6

0.00403 .C . ( T2 61

20 )

R = 7.388 10

e. Skin effect Coefficient, F

1.28

Amapacity of Busbar for max. conductor temperature of 90DegC


1 2

( qc

qr ) .F R

I = 2.344 10

So the Calculated Ampere rating is more than 2000A.

DESIGN OF BRANCH BUS


SUMMARY

1.Design Parameter
Design maximum Current Fault Current Isc = = 800 A 25 kA

2.Section Property
Outer diameter Inner diameter Thickness of wall Area of Cross-section Moment of Inertia Section Modulus = = = = = = 73.03 69.03 2.00 446.26 28.16 7.71 mm mm mm mm2 cm4 cm3 2.875 2.718 0.079 0.69 in in in sq.in

3.Electrical Design
Current Capacity = 1097 A Refer Calculation

4.Fiber Stress Check


Self Weight of Bus Bar Wind pressure Unsupported span of Bus Bar Assumed Deflection L = = = = 2.152 kg/m 75.00 kg/m2 700 cm 2.65 cm 21.09 N/m 735.00 N/m2

Refer Calculation

BUSBAR CALCULATION (BRANCH INTERCONNECTION) REFERENCE: IEEE-605/1998

1. VERTICAL DEFLECTION Constant w.r.t. conductor location and fault Distance betwwn the busbar, D, cm Short Circuit Force for three phase fault condition, Fsc N/m F sc
2 ( 1.6 . ) .( Isc ) 4 10 .D

0.866 For 3 phase fault 270

F sc = 320.741 2.152 .9.8 10 . 9.8 5 Fc Fd

Busbar / Conductor Self Weight Bus Weight, Fc N/m Connector Weight, Fd N/m Total Conductor / Bus weight, F G Fc Fd FG Fc = 21.09 Fd = 19.6 F G = 40.69

Span length for Single Span bus, LD Constant Modulas of Elasticity, E kPa Cross section moment of inertia, J cm4

Bus span 700cm C E J 1.78 6.895 .10 Refer Table 3


7

28.16

Allowable deflection can be taken 0.5 - 1% of vertical dimension So, for calculation 0.5%x Bus height is taken Allowable deflection, Ya cm Maximum span Length cm 185 .E .J .Ya C. FG
1 4

Ya = 2.65

Height 530cm

Max. span of busbar 700 cm (DS - BUS PI)

LD

L D = 696.138

Allowable Span Length > the actual span, so design satisfactory

2. Conductor Fibre Stress Wind Unit force on Bus, Fw, N/m Outer diameter of bus, Do cm Do = 7.303 Refer Summary Sheet

Wind Pressure 75kg/mm2 75 .9.8 . Do 100 N m F w = 53.677

Fw

Total Unit Force, FT, N/m for Horizontal Bus FT Fw F sc


2

FG

F T = 376.622

3. Fibre Stress for Single span Bus Constant Maximum Allowable Stress, FA kPa Section Modulas, S cm3 Max. Allowable Length, Ls cm C. 8 .F A .S FT L s = 576.746 C FA S 3.16 203403 7.71 Table 4 Allowable stress

Ls

Max. span > Actual span, so the fibre stress is sufficient As Actual Span is 700 cm, the design is satisfactory

4. Calculation for Ampacity


Diameter of Pipe, inch Temperature difference , dT Surface area of busbar pipe Ap, sq.in/ft d dT Ap 2.875 50 d .12

Ap = 108.385 a. Forced Convection qc, watts/ft qc 0.010 .d


0.4 .

Ap .dT

qc = 35.521

b. Radition loss, qr, watts/ft Emissivity without sun, Conductor Temperature, Tc, Kelvin Ambient Temperature, Ta, Kelvin Tc Ta 0.2 363.15 313.15 For new bus 90 DegC 40 DegC

qr

36.9 .10

12 .

.Ap . Tc

Ta

qr = 6.219

c. Solar heat gain is considered nil

d. Resistance of Busbar Conductor Conductivity C', Cross section area, Sq.in Conductor Temperature, DegC 8.145 .10 . 1 ( C .A2 )
4

C A2 T2

53 0.69 90 Refer summary sheet

0.00403 .C . ( T2 61

20 )

R = 2.773 10

e. Skin effect Coefficient, F

1.2500

Amapacity of Busbar for max. conductor temperature of 90DegC ( qc qr ) .F R


1 2

I = 1.097 10