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About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

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About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. . the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). Waltham.edu Chapter D. lithium-ion batteries.1890 About the Authors Marcie R. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University.5 Dr. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China). USA brenner@ncsu. NC.edu. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). Seattle.mit. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. USA marcie@alum. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. supercapacitors. She earned her BS. WA.fr Chapter A. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. Dr. China. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending.washington. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory). France broto@lncmp. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. both in Chemistry. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. He has published over 250 refereed papers.4 Dr. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering.edu Chapter A. Raleigh. and hydrogen storage. Donald W. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. MA. WA. Authors Donald W. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. marcie@bandgap. USA gzcao@u. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. State University in 1987. Before joining Bandgap. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. France. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. Currently.31 Dr.com Chapter A.

working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. In 2006. in 1986. respectively. SoP. R. San Diego. Canada muchiao@mech. USA. Dr. Dr. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. His research interests include nanomaterials. San Diego in 2007.ibm. IOP.ubc.C. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications. Inc. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications.45 Dr. Taiwan. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan.edu.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. Pittsburgh. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu.edu. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. Particularly. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. Switzerland cbi@zurich. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. Hsinchu. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California. Right after graduation. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI). Ann Arbor.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. Watson Research Center. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices.nctu.O. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. . PA.tw Chapter H. More recently. and Phi Tau Phi. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. ytcheng@mail. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. Canada. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. He is a member of IEEE.ca Chapter H.tw Chapter C. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. in 2000. Taiwan ichen@ncu. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. Yorktown Heights. USA in 2002. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.com Chapter G.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University.

com Chapter H.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. NM. PA. in 1998 and 2002. nanomaterial-based biosensors. Maarten P. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna.cmu. bioelectronics. PA. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. and mechanical properties. Alex D. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. Baton Rouge.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. USA corwin@ge. CT. friction. SA. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. San Diego. Australia tamara. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation.au Chapter B. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors.lsu.cooper@csiro. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. LA. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. South Australia. CA. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. USA dehlinger1@llnl. NY. Authors Tamara H. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. USA mpdebo@andrew.gov Chapter B. Ithaca. from 1996 to 2007. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. and nanofabrication techniques. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). as Associate Professor in 2007.48 Maarten P. LA. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices.edu Chapter H. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Additionally. MEMS. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. His background is in optics. Middletown. and bioMEMS components and systems.edu Chapter B. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. . USA choi@ece. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. respectively.48 Alex D. NY.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996.13 Dr. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion.

respectively.delrio@nist.edu Chapter G. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California. In 2005.S. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. CA. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006.48 Frank W. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008.About the Authors 1893 Frank W. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992.gov Chapter H. Berkeley. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg. in 1996. his work has focused on the development of micro.com Chapter G. and nanobiomedical devices. on Automation Science and Engineering.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. Switzerland dpt@zurich.mit. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. MA.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. MD. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS).ibm. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. His main research interests include nanorobotics. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. nanowires. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. USA ldong@egr. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro. MD. both of Mechanical Engineering. and nanotubes. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. Switzerland. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. .and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans.edu Chapter A.and Nanofabrication group. MI. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy.msu. mechatronics.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. USA gene@mgm. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. mechanochemistry. University of Neuchâtel. During his tenure at the University of Colorado. Environment and Safety (NEES). USA frank.

fr Chapter A.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. low dimensional thermoelectricity. His current research interests include nanotechnology. and novel forms of carbon. especially in carbon science. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs. Ottawa.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr.de Chapter D. Germany. Dr.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. Authors Urs T. In 2005. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. Chapter C. France flahaut@chimie.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. USA millie@mgm.ibm. topography and recognition imaging. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. MA. and joined IBM Research in 1986. in 2007. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award. in 1985.edu Chapter A. Switzerland ele@zurich. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux. Austria andreas. tech. In January 2002.ebner@jku.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.ups-tlse. Germany anatol. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. Currently he is working in Prof.com Chapter G. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy.ibm. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. in particular probe-storage techniques. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. and single molecule-force spectroscopy. Abraham Prize Paper Award.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon.mit. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University. Switzerland drg@zurich.fritsch@uni-leipzig. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. bismuth nanowires. Canada. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge. In 1997. Zurich. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. . he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. in 1984.

Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. Germany.gerber@unibas.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. the German Nanoscience Award 2000. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). Rohrer. Switzerland. Germany franz.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics.de Chapters C. 2000. 1984–1985. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. Switzerland enrico. Switzerland christoph. C. H. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. his research has been focused on nanoscale science. Germany.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences.gnecco@unibas. During the past 25 years. Franz J.uni-regensburg. .ch Chapter B. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994.ch Chapter D.23. Zurich in the group of G. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof. Post doc with IBM Research Lab. Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg. His research interests focus on nanotribology. Binnig and H. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. University of Basel.giessibl@physik. Ludwigshafen.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel.de Chapter C.

physiology. She received her BA from St. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. he is at the University of Linz. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston.mpg. structure. bioconjugation. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials. Institute of Organic Chemistry. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research.edu Chapter D. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. MD. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. such as indentation.at Chapter C. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. Germany. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. For the past 18 years. Germany. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985).S. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. Gorb has authored three monographs. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. Germany s. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. Harrison U. USA hafner@rice.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro.31 Judith A.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N. wear. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award. Judith A.edu Chapter C. in 1983. including the “Burt L. Since then. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology.de Chapter F. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems.27 Hermann J.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. Austria hermann.gruber@jku. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart. China. In 2000. USA jah@usna. and reconstitution of biological interaction. University of Kiel. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. . Institute of Biophysics.and Nanotribology”.gorb@mf. Stuttgart. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. two edited books. TX. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. friction. biomechanics. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy.

Fremont.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp.and nanoscaled pressure sensors. Supervisor DNA Technology. USA seongjun. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. Nanogen. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California. He focused on micro. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. ETH Zurich.heo@lamrc. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College.mavt.ie Chapter B. . 1987–1989.edu Chapter B. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. Switzerland. Amoco. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. Northwestern University. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. Integrated DNA Technologies. Korea in 1997 and 1999.com Chapter D. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul.and Nanosystems. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. Co-founder and CTO.helbling@micro. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. CA. Inc. USA mjheller@ucsd. Molecular Biosystems. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology. 1976–1984. San Diego. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. Michael J. Director Molecular Biology. Dr. Co-founder and President. CA..ethz. Zurich. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. respectively.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). 1984–1987. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. Ireland martin. 1993–2001. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro.ch Chapter B. Switzerland thomas.hegner@tcd.31 Dr.13 Professor Michael J.

His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. Germany. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). Austria peter. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido.jp Chapter C.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. tech. Austria.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro. Corporate Research.de Chapter C.mavt. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS. M.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich.Sc.hierold@micro.hokudai. Dr.Sc.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. Germany hendrik..fzk. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro. Inc. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. Institute for Biophysics in 1992. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster. Institute for Biophysics. . USA dhodko@nanogen. he was eleven years with Siemens AG. Japan hosoi@cris.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg.D. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe. Before. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002. Hodko received his B. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999.hinterdorfer@jku. Croatia. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. TRANSDUCERS. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich.ethz. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST).ac.hoelscher@imt. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen.ch Chapter B.at Chapter C. Inc. and Ph.and Nanosystems. from the University of Linz. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen.com Chapter B. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. CA. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia. Switzerland christofer. San Diego.13 Dr. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers.

electronic materials and biomaterials.edu Chapter B. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. Guangyao Jia University of California. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM. Germany.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University.ucsb. CA. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. USA jin@ucsd. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009. Sungho Jin University of California. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Douglas L. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. Germany katrin. Ulm.edu Chapter D. NC. CA.edu Chapter C. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California.de Chapter D. UK.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California. Irvine. University of Cambridge. USA jacob@engineering. USA doug_irving@ncsu. USA gjia@uci.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. MRS Fellow. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara. and received John Bardeen Award. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. APS Fellow. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm.huebner1@web. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. Jacob N. CA. respectively.31 Dr. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh.edu Chapter D.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. His research include nanomaterials. Authors Douglas L. Germany. .

. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. Israel ruti. In 1999. Korea yc423. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University.ac.. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. OH. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. France in 1994. MA. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland. his attention has focused on two new areas. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Los Angeles in 2004.il Chapter C.edu Chapter H. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. USA rdkamm@mit. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot.D. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. Leuven. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine. Cleveland. In 2000.jung@samsung.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University.edu Chapter D. France. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. He is currently a Ph. Grenoble. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). Ltd. USA kahn@cwru. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. self-cleaning and low adhesion. Belgium. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. More recently.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.kapon@weizmann. France. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena.be Chapter H.com Chapter F. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. ocular and cardiovascular systems. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. Ohio. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. Belgium jourdain@imec. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development.

kr Chapter H. in 1999. Austin. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. behavioural. . respectively. CA. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. South Korea nahui. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. optics. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation. design and fabrication of microsystems.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry.ac.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Berkeley.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany.de Chapter D.uni-leipzig. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. Irvine. Inc.edu Chapter B. His research interests are modeling.. CA. CA. in 2004. TX. USA hkido@uci. Germany Tobias. Germany in 2007. USA jitaekim@uci. in 1997. Richmond. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. from 2004 to 2005. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC.com Chapter B. molecular.kim@samsung.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University. South Korea kimjb@yonsei.edu Chapter B. Seoul. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. Korea. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. He then joined the Yonsei University. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School.de Chapter D. Germany jkaes@physik.Kiessling@uni-leipzig.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics.

9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. Germany kerstin. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. Smithsonian and UPI.kraus@inm-gmbh. FRET and related optical microscopy. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine.edu Chapter C. Germany.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. microfluidics. Kleve. and nanoimprint lithography. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich). and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. With his group. Her research interests lie in the synthesis. USA jingkong@mit.kristensen@nanotech. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices.dk Chapter A. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. characterization. USA rlal@uchicago. origin and functions of micro.koch@hochschule. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. de Chapter F. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. Germany. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). . he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago.edu Chapter A. Germany. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. Germany tobias. MA.dtu. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. biological surfaces.de Chapter A.41 Professor Dr. Denmark anders. Switzerland.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. such as nanotubes and graphene. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken. IL. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich. After postdoctoral training at Caltech. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science.and nanostructures.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. University of Copenhagen.rhein-waal. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute. including Time.

MA. and tissue biomechanics. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT.15 Dr. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Since 1996. localized growth.ups-tlse.bwh. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics.com Chapter D. Dr. Cambridge. USA jlammerding@rics. Since 2000. Switzerland hans-peter.lang@unibas.fr Chapter A. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. teaching molecular. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. characterization. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. and since 1994.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.edu Chapter D.3 Dr. As a postdoc. Ohio. hydrogen storage. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT.35 Dr. . Germany. MA. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. OH. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. His research include in the synthesis. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel.ch Chapter B. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. ceramic-matrix composites).About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge.harvard.latorre@owenscorning. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. formation mechanisms. USA carmen. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. In particular. cellular. France laurent@chimie. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville. Boston.

Authors Wayne R. automated cell sorting technologies. Chapter B.ohio-state. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats. Dr. USA lee@bme. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. . and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. Dr. Australia wayne. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. edited two special journal issues. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998.edu Chapter B.leifert@csiro.20 Abraham (Abe) P. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. He served as editor of 4 books. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices).au Stephen C. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. South Australia. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment.edu Chapter B. and is author of 5 book chapters.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. OH. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. a DARPA-industry supported research center. Dr. point-of-care diagnostics. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal. CA. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. USA aplee@uci. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine.16 Stephen C. SA.

CA. Taiwan.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T.32 Dr.berkeley. respectively.de Chapters C. Dr. Berkeley. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department.19 Dr. .4 Dr.J. USA mmadou@uci. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. Ghent. Belgium. in 1986. Watson Research Center in 2003. he has been with University of California. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. Dr. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Germany othmar.edu Chapter B. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery).ibm.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978.C. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. China. USA lwlin@me. He is the holder of nine U. including heat transfer. CA. Hsinchu.O. solid/fluid mechanics. His current research is focused on life science. Lin joined the IBM T. Since 1999.. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices.com Chapter A. Berkeley. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996.S.21. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. USA yming@us. R. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. respectively. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. His research interests are in design. NY. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. D. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002.edu Chapter H. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. in 1991 and 1993.marti@uni-ulm. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes. and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. patents in the area of MEMS. J. and dynamics. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. National Taiwan University. Marc J. micro/ nanosensors. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths.

USA etienne.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. Japan matsui@lasti. respectively. OH. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990. in particular for applications in harsh environments. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981.martin@alumni.edu Chapters A. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation.com Chapter A. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. actuators. Inc. . B. and NineSigma.11. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. Rogers at UIUC. Inc. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department.menard@semprius. John A. Electronics. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo. He has a PhD in Materials Science.ac. he worked at NEC Corporation. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. He held the George S. Inc. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. MA. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies. Etienne Menard Semprius. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS.u-hyogo. NC. Durham.7 Dr.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. FLX Micro. Since January 2003. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs.edu Chapter H. USA jack. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992.tufts. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. His research interests are in micro. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. USA mxm31@cwru. France) and Prof. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. including sensors. Inc. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).jp Chapter A.

Spain rmodlinski@gmx. Iran. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. development and fabrication of microsystems. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics.org. Marc Monthioux CEMES . He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal.K. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems.com Chapter H. Dr. respectively. companies and universities. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness.ch Chapter D. molecular cell biomechanics.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. France monthiou@cemes. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. associated with B. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa. Dr. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society.meyer@unibas.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse.fr Chapter A. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. he has developed and taught several new courses. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution.edu Chapter D. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology. testing and characterization. Switzerland ernst.35 Dr. Mohammad R. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. CA.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. At Berkeley. reliability and price. Smith and Professor D. Mohammad Mofrad University of California. At present. biological transport phenomena. . discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. Dr.E. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto. USA mofrad@berkeley. Spain. and cardiovascular disease. Berkeley.

and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. nanotribology. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998.hokudai. Japan mukasa@nano. F. Sapporo. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987. Africa. microassembly. and NEMS.23 K. Since 1007. He has achieved mapping.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. magnetic force microscopy.33. sensor integration. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. biomicrorobotics. . In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. capillary effects. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen.eng. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. Japan. His research interests include spin-polarized STM. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. and Professor at ETH in 2002.de Chapter C. self-organization and biomimetcs. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka. WI. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology). His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions. and nanorobotics.eng. Mott spin detectors. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics. Japan smorita@ele.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Germany in 1996. MEMS (sensors and actuators).jp Chapter C. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee. exchange force microscopy. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University.osaka-u. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation.edu Chapters D.rwth-aachen. USA nosonovs@uwm.ac. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). In 1987 he moved to the university. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. Germany mmorgens@physik. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. Switzerland bnelson@ethz. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. and web-based control and programming of robots. Bradley J. Ltd. force control.jp Chapter C.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen.ch Chapter G.ac.

His research encompasses the synthesis.jp Chapter C. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes.pfeiffer@gmail. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors.ac. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK). council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS).and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. the Netherlands.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques.ksp. Switzerland oliver. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa.ups-tlse.45 Dr. sensors. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites. At present.be Chapter H. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. Belgium bob. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach. Toulouse. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse. Dr. he is as a Full Professor at the K.U. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. After working with Philips Research. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc. Leuven. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. MEMS and packaging techniques. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University.puers@esat. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences.com Chapter G. France. Philadelphia. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University.ibm. Japan oni@net. . Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986. Eindhoven. France peigney@chimie.kuleuven.com Chapter D. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.or. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. PA.U. in 1998.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974. Leuven.fr Chapter A. Switzerland hap@zurich. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977.23 Dr.

Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University. College Park. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards.edu Chapter A. Dr. He has received the IEEE Morris N.fr Chapter A. CA. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. he has held the position of professor. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. MA.ac. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. Rehovot.edu Chapter A. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse.il Chapter C. Israel. France. Israel. Stanford University. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. USA quate@stanford. Quate Stanford University Edward L. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.edu Chapter C. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. Haifa. in 1982 and 1986.ups-tlse. Since 2000. arc-electrode interaction. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. Madagascar.reich@weizmann.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. Currently. where he has been since 1961. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. Liebmann Award in 1981. Cambridge. MD. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. Israel ziv.2 Françisco M. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. FL. respectively. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. France razafinimanana@cpat.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. USA oded@umd. and medical imaging technologies. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000. USA fraymo@miami. In particular. Stanford. Françisco M. sensing. He has worked on plasma diagnostics. CA. in 1950.25 Calvin F. He received the 3rd cycle degree. Toulouse. . protein energy landscapes.

friction and nanorheology of surfactant.roman@micro. and 1998.edu Chapter A. Switzerland cosmin. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University.edu Chapter C. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. His current research interests include transport phenomena.ethz. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. IL.29 Dr. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. Ankara. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.About the Authors 1911 John A.harvard. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). During his career. in 1989. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. mechanics. Cambridge.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. From MIT. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory. Her current research includes adhesion. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. polymer. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. She received her Ph. from the University of California.D.ch Chapter B.10 Professor John A. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. USA jrogers@uiuc. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. respectively. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. Dr.ac.D.edu Chapter D.jp Chapter C. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana. . She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. MA. Japan sasahara@jaist. Dr. 1995. MA. CA. Austin. with a specialization in computer science. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph.mavt. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. USA sahin@rowland. USA marina_ruths@uml. MA. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. and liquid crystal systems. MS. From 1995 to 1997.

i. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS).schift@psi. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy. CT.-Ing. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM). Switzerland helmut.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. he joined PSI as a research staff member. . Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven. University of Leipzig.24 Dr.de Chapter C. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. Udo D. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg.schwarz@yale. Switzerland.schulze@uni-leipzig. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology.9 Dr. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. and performed his Ph. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques.24 Udo D.e. Germany.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg.ch Chapter A. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM). After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. self-assembly processes of organic molecules. on his PhD degree. Germany. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro. Germany.D. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues. Germany in 2006. nanoionics and nanotribology. After his graduation in 1994. .26 Dr.edu Chapter C. christian. His work includes all aspects of replication technology.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg.de Chapter C.de Chapter D. Germany aschwarz@physnet. Germany christian. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009. USA udo. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster.schulze@beiersdorf. Germany.com.uni-hamburg. France. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University.

Seattle. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. and holds 18 patents. Dr. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. USA huamei. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. Sunnyvale. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. Toulouse. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. USA solgaard@stanford. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis. He has authored more than 150 technical publications.serp@ensiacet. USA ssinn@mse. in 2002 and 1998.shang@ge. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology.edu Chapter D. Susan B. WA.ufl. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. respectively.31 Dr. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering.com Chapter D.com Chapter A. Susan B. France.L. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH.edu Chapter C.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse.5 Dr. California. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. design. China.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.fr Chapter A. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. WI. CA. France philippe. FL.3 Dr. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. Dalian.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. . CA.

Berkeley.ac. including protein crystallization. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level. magnetic nanoparticles. in 1993 and 1995.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.strehle@uni-leipzig.ac.nthu.edu.isthokudai. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department.osaka-u.eng. Taiwan. In 2004.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California. and single electron transistor.jp Chapter C. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka. droplet metering and manipulation. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps. Taiwan.de Chapter D. . In 2003.de Chapter D.jp Chapter C. he joined the National Tsing Hua University. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers. Germany dan.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. and controlled drug delivery. Japan sugawara@ap. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection. Japan sueoka@nano.tw Chapter H.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig.uni-leipzig. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo..23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. Taiwan ycsu@ess. Hokkaido University. Germany in 2006. respectively. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging. Germany in 2006.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University. Germany stueber@rz.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications.

13 Dr.20 Dr. CA. Engineering San Diego.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. Davis in 2004. he is at Leiden University. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. CA. Louis.edu Chapter B. Inc.leidenuniv. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. The Netherlands. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. .About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp.com Chapter B. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. Louis. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. The Netherlands spengen@physics. W. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices. The Netherlands. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. Irvine. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. CA. Currently.com Chapter B.com Chapter B. with and without integrated active circuitry. USA ytanster@gmail. San Diego. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. CA. USA bdsulliv@TearLab. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. USA pswanson@nexogentech. Inc. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. MO.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. and drug delivery. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. Belgium.nl Chapter H. in 1999. San Diego. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. USA steh@uci. While in Irvine.

He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. Germany. MS. Germany. Binnig. respectively. and 1999. Switzerland. Dr. In 1995. and at Kyoto University.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig.com Chapter A.wetzel@uni-leipzig. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. biology.ibm. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method. Switzerland peter. In 1995. Switzerland hwo@zurich.vettiger@unine. in 2001. Glennan 510 Cleveland. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG.edu Chapter B. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology. nanofabrication. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. in 2006.12 Darrin J. Since his retirement. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz.K.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel.de Chapter D. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. together with G. Darrin J.6 Dr. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. Germany franziska. . Young received his BS. and probe storage applications.ch Chapter G. 1993. Switzerland. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. USA djy@po. OH. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999.cwru. electronic and opto-electronic devices. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. Japan.

five book chapters. In addition to teaching.edu Chapter A.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. Research Specialist at University of California. Dr. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. respectively.. and Sr. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. OH.. biomimetic sensors and actuators. Irvine in 1996. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area.12 Christian A. CA.edu Chapters A. Since January 2005. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS).8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. Dr. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). Jim V. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. 26 journal publications.11. . USA caz@case. and 5 patents. He has published over 120 technical papers. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. Dr.19 Dr. USA bziaie@purdue. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. Dr. Dr. Authors Christian A. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. B. Sr. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. IN. Dr. These include implantable wireless microsystems. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career.edu Chapter B. he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films. USA jzoval@saddleback. wafer bonding. Dr. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. Dr. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

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