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About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

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About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

USA brenner@ncsu. France broto@lncmp. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept.washington. State University in 1987. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. MA. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. She earned her BS. NC.mit. Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. USA marcie@alum.edu Chapter A. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory). He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. He has published over 250 refereed papers. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000).edu Chapter D. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. France. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. Before joining Bandgap. both in Chemistry. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. Donald W. WA. and hydrogen storage. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III.edu.1890 About the Authors Marcie R.com Chapter A. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. China. supercapacitors. marcie@bandgap. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China). Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). Currently. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Waltham. WA.fr Chapter A. . Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. Authors Donald W. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University.31 Dr. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. lithium-ion batteries.5 Dr. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). USA gzcao@u. Seattle. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. Dr. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings.4 Dr. Raleigh.

Ann Arbor. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. USA. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI).com Chapter G. Switzerland cbi@zurich. in 2000.tw Chapter C. Canada muchiao@mech. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor.C. Hsinchu. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications. Watson Research Center. More recently.tw Chapter H. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California.O. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. Inc. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. in 1986.ibm. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices. Dr. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University. He is a member of IEEE. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. Particularly. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. Yorktown Heights. San Diego in 2007.ca Chapter H.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. respectively.edu. His research interests include nanomaterials. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. Dr. Canada.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University.ubc. IOP. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax.edu. Taiwan ichen@ncu.45 Dr. R. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. Right after graduation. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. and Phi Tau Phi.nctu. ytcheng@mail. USA in 2002. Taiwan. Pittsburgh. SoP. PA. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. San Diego. In 2006. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. . From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.

CT. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation. Middletown. PA. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. in 1998 and 2002. LA. . bioelectronics. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Additionally. Ithaca. USA corwin@ge. MEMS. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. His background is in optics.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996.48 Maarten P. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). PA. USA mpdebo@andrew. Authors Tamara H. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. NY. friction. and nanofabrication techniques. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. USA choi@ece. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. Alex D.edu Chapter B.edu Chapter H. and mechanical properties. USA dehlinger1@llnl. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna. San Diego. CA. NM. NY. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. respectively. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. and bioMEMS components and systems. Maarten P. from 1996 to 2007. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability. Australia tamara. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. nanomaterial-based biosensors.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. LA.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. SA.gov Chapter B.48 Alex D. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. as Associate Professor in 2007. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996.au Chapter B. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics.cooper@csiro. Baton Rouge. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators.13 Dr.lsu.cmu. South Australia. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors.com Chapter H. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide.

46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. MA. nanowires. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan.delrio@nist.edu Chapter G. . and nanotubes.48 Frank W. USA ldong@egr. CA. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. and nanobiomedical devices. During his tenure at the University of Colorado. University of Neuchâtel. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing.edu Chapter A. Berkeley. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8. MD. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. on Automation Science and Engineering.About the Authors 1893 Frank W. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992. mechanochemistry. his work has focused on the development of micro. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California. Environment and Safety (NEES). and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008. respectively.com Chapter G. in 1996. His main research interests include nanorobotics.mit.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. Switzerland.ibm. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist.msu. both of Mechanical Engineering. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. In 2005. MI. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. USA frank. USA gene@mgm. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro.and Nanofabrication group. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS).and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg. MD. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes.gov Chapter H.S. Switzerland dpt@zurich. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. mechatronics.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque.

In 2005.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux. In January 2002. low dimensional thermoelectricity. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. Canada.fritsch@uni-leipzig.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Ottawa. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. Switzerland drg@zurich.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Switzerland ele@zurich. topography and recognition imaging. France flahaut@chimie. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. Austria andreas. Germany. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. USA millie@mgm. Zurich. Dr. and joined IBM Research in 1986. Currently he is working in Prof.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees.com Chapter G. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz.ebner@jku. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs. especially in carbon science. in 2007. . Authors Urs T.ibm. and single molecule-force spectroscopy. and novel forms of carbon. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography.ibm.fr Chapter A. In 1997. His current research interests include nanotechnology. Germany anatol.mit. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes. tech. in particular probe-storage techniques. Chapter C. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology.ups-tlse. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. MA.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. Abraham Prize Paper Award. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. in 1985. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics.de Chapter D.edu Chapter A. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. in 1984. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. bismuth nanowires.

Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster.ch Chapter B.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. 1984–1985.gerber@unibas. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics. His research interests focus on nanotribology. During the past 25 years. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. the German Nanoscience Award 2000. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy. Germany franz. Binnig and H. Post doc with IBM Research Lab.ch Chapter D. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). Franz J. Switzerland enrico. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon.de Chapter C. Zurich in the group of G. his research has been focused on nanoscale science. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof. C. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. Rohrer.23. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework.giessibl@physik. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. Ludwigshafen. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. H. 2000.uni-regensburg. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. Germany.de Chapters C. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. Germany. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. . Switzerland.gnecco@unibas. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. University of Basel. Switzerland christoph.

a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research. Judith A. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. physiology. TX. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985).de Chapter F. in 1983. For the past 18 years. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory.at Chapter C.and Nanotribology”. Institute of Biophysics. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena.edu Chapter D. Harrison U.S.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. and reconstitution of biological interaction.gruber@jku.gorb@mf. friction. structure. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. biomechanics. Germany. he is at the University of Linz. She received her BA from St. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. Austria hermann. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology.27 Hermann J. Gorb has authored three monographs.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. Germany. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. In 2000. Since then.mpg. . The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. Germany s. Institute of Organic Chemistry. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials. two edited books. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. including the “Burt L. USA jah@usna. bioconjugation. such as indentation.31 Judith A. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. Stuttgart. MD. USA hafner@rice.edu Chapter C. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. wear. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award. University of Kiel. China. where he holds a position as Associate Professor.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire.

Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. Switzerland. Michael J. Inc. Dr. Northwestern University.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments.and Nanosystems. Korea in 1997 and 1999. USA mjheller@ucsd. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology. 1993–2001.ie Chapter B. 1976–1984. Amoco. Fremont. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. Supervisor DNA Technology. Co-founder and CTO. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro. Co-founder and President. San Diego. . of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. Molecular Biosystems. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007.helbling@micro.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.hegner@tcd. 1984–1987. Ireland martin. 1987–1989. Director Molecular Biology. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. USA seongjun.ch Chapter B. respectively.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. He focused on micro. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications.. ETH Zurich. Integrated DNA Technologies. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. Nanogen. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. CA. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp.13 Professor Michael J.heo@lamrc.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul.edu Chapter B.and nanoscaled pressure sensors.31 Dr. Zurich. Switzerland thomas.ethz.mavt. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C.com Chapter D. CA. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley.

Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe. Inc.jp Chapter C.hinterdorfer@jku. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia. Austria.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich.D. tech.ac.de Chapter C. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J.com Chapter B.mavt. Austria peter. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido. San Diego. Dr. Japan hosoi@cris. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. from the University of Linz. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Croatia.hoelscher@imt. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. Switzerland christofer. Institute for Biophysics in 1992.Sc.hokudai. TRANSDUCERS.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002. M. and Ph. Germany hendrik. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). Corporate Research. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro. CA.hierold@micro.ch Chapter B. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. Inc. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. Hodko received his B.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. Institute for Biophysics.and Nanosystems. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects.ethz. USA dhodko@nanogen.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999.13 Dr. .Sc. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.at Chapter C. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. Before. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen. he was eleven years with Siemens AG. Germany. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST)..fzk.

edu Chapter D. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009. electronic materials and biomaterials. Irvine. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. UK. Ulm. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. USA jin@ucsd.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. USA gjia@uci. Jacob N. . CA.de Chapter D. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. Germany katrin. His research include nanomaterials. Douglas L. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. APS Fellow. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California.huebner1@web.edu Chapter D. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. Guangyao Jia University of California.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering.edu Chapter C.31 Dr. University of Cambridge. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. Germany. Germany.edu Chapter B.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. MRS Fellow. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm. USA doug_irving@ncsu. CA. USA jacob@engineering. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. and received John Bardeen Award. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. Authors Douglas L. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. Sungho Jin University of California. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara. respectively. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. CA.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. NC.ucsb.

Korea yc423. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland.jung@samsung. France. Israel ruti. France in 1994. In 1999.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. . Cleveland. He is currently a Ph. Belgium. France. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. Ltd. Belgium jourdain@imec. In 2000.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine. These works have led to over 160 journal publications.com Chapter F. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. self-cleaning and low adhesion.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC).27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. Los Angeles in 2004. USA rdkamm@mit. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics.be Chapter H. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics.ac. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. OH.edu Chapter D. MA. ocular and cardiovascular systems. his attention has focused on two new areas. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena.. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. Grenoble. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. Leuven. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. Ohio. More recently.edu Chapter H. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot.kapon@weizmann. USA kahn@cwru.D. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën.il Chapter C.

South Korea nahui. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis. Korea.edu Chapter B. TX. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. Germany Tobias. USA hkido@uci. design and fabrication of microsystems. CA. CA.kim@samsung. in 1997. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. from 2004 to 2005. USA jitaekim@uci. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. behavioural. CA.com Chapter B.de Chapter D. Inc. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation. in 1999. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. His research interests are modeling.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Irvine. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action.ac.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry.Kiessling@uni-leipzig. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001. molecular. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul.kr Chapter H.. Seoul. Germany. optics. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. . Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology.edu Chapter B. respectively.de Chapter D. He then joined the Yonsei University. South Korea kimjb@yonsei. Richmond. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. Berkeley. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy.uni-leipzig.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. Germany in 2007. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. Austin. Germany jkaes@physik. in 2004.

edu Chapter A.dtu. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn.koch@hochschule. Germany kerstin. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems.de Chapter A. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. Kleve. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. USA rlal@uchicago. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. Germany. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich).22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. University of Copenhagen. biological surfaces. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. and nanoimprint lithography.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. including Time. Germany. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science.41 Professor Dr. FRET and related optical microscopy.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. de Chapter F. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. USA jingkong@mit. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). characterization. Smithsonian and UPI. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich.and nanostructures.dk Chapter A. MA. After postdoctoral training at Caltech.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken. .kraus@inm-gmbh. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. microfluidics. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales. Germany. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. Her research interests lie in the synthesis. IL. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University. Switzerland. origin and functions of micro. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays.rhein-waal.edu Chapter C. such as nanotubes and graphene. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. Germany tobias. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. With his group.kristensen@nanotech. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. Denmark anders. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001.

Cambridge. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College.com Chapter D. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. In particular.ups-tlse. OH. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel.lang@unibas. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. Boston. hydrogen storage. ceramic-matrix composites). As a postdoc. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. MA.15 Dr. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals.ch Chapter B. Since 1996.35 Dr. USA jlammerding@rics. Since 2000. France laurent@chimie. .34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. cellular.harvard. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. Ohio. MA. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs. characterization. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. and tissue biomechanics. teaching molecular. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. Germany. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge.bwh. and since 1994. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors.latorre@owenscorning. he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. His research include in the synthesis. Dr.fr Chapter A. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. formation mechanisms. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. localized growth.edu Chapter D.3 Dr. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. USA carmen. Switzerland hans-peter.

OH. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. USA lee@bme. USA aplee@uci. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. Authors Wayne R. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. CA.16 Stephen C. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening. Dr. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors.20 Abraham (Abe) P. Australia wayne. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. and is author of 5 book chapters. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Dr.1904 About the Authors Abraham P.edu Chapter B. He served as editor of 4 books.ohio-state. Chapter B. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings.au Stephen C. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. point-of-care diagnostics. . and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. automated cell sorting technologies. South Australia.leifert@csiro. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. Dr.edu Chapter B.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. a DARPA-industry supported research center. edited two special journal issues. SA. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal.

and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems.. J.marti@uni-ulm.edu Chapter B. Marc J.J. CA. R. Dr. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002. he has been with University of California. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department.com Chapter A.de Chapters C. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. Taiwan. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery). where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department. China. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. Ghent. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978.ibm. His current research is focused on life science.32 Dr. Berkeley. micro/ nanosensors. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. solid/fluid mechanics. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. in 1986. Hsinchu. in 1991 and 1993. NY. D. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. . including heat transfer. USA yming@us. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University.21. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. and dynamics. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. CA. His research interests are in design.4 Dr. Dr. respectively. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes. Berkeley.C. USA mmadou@uci. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. Since 1999. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. Germany othmar. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. National Taiwan University. Watson Research Center in 2003. patents in the area of MEMS.edu Chapter H.O. USA lwlin@me. Lin joined the IBM T. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths. He is the holder of nine U. respectively. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T.S.19 Dr. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Belgium. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures.berkeley.

Etienne Menard Semprius.11. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. He has a PhD in Materials Science. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years. B. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. USA mxm31@cwru.u-hyogo. FLX Micro. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. Inc. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs.ac. Rogers at UIUC. actuators. Durham. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. NC.tufts.menard@semprius.edu Chapter H. respectively.7 Dr. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. France) and Prof. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. MA. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). His research interests are in micro. John A.com Chapter A. Inc. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. Inc.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990. He held the George S. including sensors. and NineSigma. USA etienne. in particular for applications in harsh environments.edu Chapters A. Electronics. . Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. Since January 2003. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo.jp Chapter A.martin@alumni. OH. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies. Japan matsui@lasti. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. USA jack. Inc. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. he worked at NEC Corporation.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo.

ch Chapter D. Dr. Mohammad R. Dr. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. reliability and price.fr Chapter A.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. Smith and Professor D. Iran. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. Marc Monthioux CEMES .edu Chapter D. Dr. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. biological transport phenomena.meyer@unibas. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy. France monthiou@cemes. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. companies and universities. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. development and fabrication of microsystems. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness.35 Dr. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. Mohammad Mofrad University of California. Switzerland ernst. . Spain.org. testing and characterization. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. and cardiovascular disease. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. At Berkeley. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. CA. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. USA mofrad@berkeley. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. he has developed and taught several new courses.K. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California.E. Berkeley. associated with B. respectively. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. molecular cell biomechanics.com Chapter H. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. At present. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years.

Bradley J. Switzerland bnelson@ethz. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing. Africa.33. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials.osaka-u. Sapporo.ac. magnetic force microscopy. force control.hokudai. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics. Japan smorita@ele. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices. Japan. His research interests include spin-polarized STM. sensor integration. USA nosonovs@uwm. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. and NEMS. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation. Since 1007.eng. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. microassembly.ac. Germany in 1996. MEMS (sensors and actuators).eng. F. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research.jp Chapter C. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. and Professor at ETH in 2002. capillary effects. .1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. and web-based control and programming of robots. Germany mmorgens@physik. He has achieved mapping. In 1987 he moved to the university.23 K. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. Ltd. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. Mott spin detectors. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology).jp Chapter C. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist.edu Chapters D. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. and nanorobotics. WI. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). exchange force microscopy. biomicrorobotics.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. self-organization and biomimetcs. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee.de Chapter C. Japan mukasa@nano. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich.ch Chapter G. nanotribology.rwth-aachen. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola.

Philadelphia. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc.be Chapter H.or. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. At present. France peigney@chimie. he is as a Full Professor at the K. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies.ibm.fr Chapter A. Switzerland oliver. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences. . Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry.23 Dr. sensors. France. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. After working with Philips Research. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon.pfeiffer@gmail.U. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse.com Chapter G.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry. Leuven. Dr.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa. Toulouse. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK).jp Chapter C. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University.45 Dr. Eindhoven.puers@esat. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974.ksp. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel. Belgium bob. Switzerland hap@zurich.kuleuven. Leuven.ac. PA.U. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach. His research encompasses the synthesis. Japan oni@net.ups-tlse. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University. Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. in 1998. the Netherlands. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). where he also obtained his PhD in 1986.com Chapter D. MEMS and packaging techniques.

Israel. Dr. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. Françisco M.ac. Cambridge. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. .2 Françisco M. in 1982 and 1986. He has received the IEEE Morris N. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. USA oded@umd.edu Chapter A. MA. CA. where he has been since 1961. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. and medical imaging technologies. Madagascar.il Chapter C. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. in 1950.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. respectively. Toulouse.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Currently. FL. Quate Stanford University Edward L. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology.ups-tlse. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. Israel. arc-electrode interaction. Liebmann Award in 1981. Israel ziv.edu Chapter A. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. MD. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. Rehovot. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics.fr Chapter A. USA fraymo@miami. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami.25 Calvin F. France. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. USA quate@stanford. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. Stanford. he has held the position of professor. College Park. Since 2000. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000. Haifa. CA. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. sensing.edu Chapter C. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. Stanford University. protein energy landscapes.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. In particular.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems.reich@weizmann. He received the 3rd cycle degree. France razafinimanana@cpat. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. He has worked on plasma diagnostics. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University.

10 Professor John A. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. IL. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas.harvard.edu Chapter D. MS. Switzerland cosmin. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi. respectively. MA. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana. Dr.D. Japan sasahara@jaist. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. From MIT. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Austin.ethz. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory. She received her Ph.edu Chapter A. .25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University. His current research interests include transport phenomena. 1995. MA.ac. polymer.jp Chapter C. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.edu Chapter C. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. USA marina_ruths@uml. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. Dr. in 1989. from the University of California.29 Dr. with a specialization in computer science.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002.D. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows.roman@micro. mechanics. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. From 1995 to 1997. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. MA. and liquid crystal systems. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. Ankara. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. Cambridge. or more generally the physics of nanostructures.About the Authors 1911 John A. USA sahin@rowland. Her current research includes adhesion. USA jrogers@uiuc. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. and 1998.ch Chapter B. During his career. CA.mavt.

André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster.schulze@beiersdorf. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs. Germany aschwarz@physnet.-Ing. . His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues.schulze@uni-leipzig. Germany in 2006. Germany.de Chapter D.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen.24 Dr. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002.ch Chapter A. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology. Switzerland helmut.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven.D. and performed his Ph. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. christian. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro.9 Dr. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields.com.de Chapter C. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009.schwarz@yale. nanoionics and nanotribology.schift@psi. After his graduation in 1994.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. Germany. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM).e. self-assembly processes of organic molecules. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. he joined PSI as a research staff member. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). CT. Udo D. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Germany. USA udo. Switzerland. on his PhD degree. His work includes all aspects of replication technology.24 Udo D. France. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques.26 Dr. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM). i.edu Chapter C. University of Leipzig. . He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe.uni-hamburg. Germany.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany christian. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience.de Chapter C.

He has authored more than 150 technical publications. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. France. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. FL. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. Dr. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare.L. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst. USA huamei. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000.3 Dr.ufl. WA.com Chapter D. WI. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. France philippe. Seattle. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. CA. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. in 2002 and 1998. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Dalian. Susan B.fr Chapter A. China. California. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale.31 Dr.com Chapter A.shang@ge. design. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. . Sunnyvale. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. respectively. USA ssinn@mse.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse.5 Dr. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. and holds 18 patents. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. Susan B.edu Chapter C. Toulouse. CA.edu Chapter D. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing.serp@ensiacet. USA solgaard@stanford.

His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers.jp Chapter C. magnetic nanoparticles. Berkeley. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps. . development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy.isthokudai.eng. Japan sugawara@ap. Germany dan. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging.strehle@uni-leipzig.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. he joined the National Tsing Hua University.osaka-u.de Chapter D.tw Chapter H. Germany in 2006. in 1993 and 1995.ac. and single electron transistor. droplet metering and manipulation.de Chapter D. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure.nthu. Germany stueber@rz.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. Taiwan.uni-leipzig. respectively. Japan sueoka@nano. and controlled drug delivery. Hokkaido University.. Taiwan ycsu@ess. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department.jp Chapter C. including protein crystallization. In 2003. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka.edu. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. In 2004. Germany in 2006. Taiwan.ac.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.

USA bdsulliv@TearLab. Currently. with and without integrated active circuitry. USA ytanster@gmail. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. Belgium. CA. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. San Diego. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen.20 Dr.com Chapter B.com Chapter B. he is at Leiden University. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. San Diego. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. W. USA steh@uci. and drug delivery.edu Chapter B. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. MO. The Netherlands. CA. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. USA pswanson@nexogentech.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. Davis in 2004.nl Chapter H.13 Dr. Inc. Irvine.com Chapter B. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. Inc.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. CA. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. in 1999. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. CA. The Netherlands spengen@physics. Louis. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices.leidenuniv. Louis. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. While in Irvine. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. The Netherlands. . specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee. Engineering San Diego.

vettiger@unine. In 1995. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. and at Kyoto University. OH. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method.wetzel@uni-leipzig. USA djy@po. biology.ch Chapter G.ibm. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel. Japan. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. Since his retirement. electronic and opto-electronic devices.12 Darrin J. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. Switzerland hwo@zurich. Switzerland. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. in 2006.com Chapter A. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. and probe storage applications. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. . After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. Young received his BS. respectively.cwru. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. Switzerland. Darrin J. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Germany.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology. in 2001. Germany franziska. Glennan 510 Cleveland.de Chapter D. Binnig. Dr. 1993.K. Switzerland peter. In 1995. and 1999.6 Dr. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel.edu Chapter B. nanofabrication. together with G. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. MS.

Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo.edu Chapter A. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988.. respectively. OH.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS).12 Christian A. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. Irvine in 1996. wafer bonding. Dr. Dr. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc.edu Chapter B. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. IN. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films.. B. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control.edu Chapters A. Authors Christian A. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. Dr. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. CA.11. Dr. Dr.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). Jim V. USA caz@case. In addition to teaching. . biomimetic sensors and actuators. USA jzoval@saddleback. Dr. five book chapters. and Sr. Dr. Dr. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. These include implantable wireless microsystems. he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. and 5 patents. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. Since January 2005. He has published over 120 technical papers. Sr. USA bziaie@purdue. Research Specialist at University of California.19 Dr. 26 journal publications.

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