Anda di halaman 1dari 33

1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). supercapacitors. Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. He has published over 250 refereed papers. . China. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. Waltham. Raleigh. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. WA.edu. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. State University in 1987. Before joining Bandgap. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). USA gzcao@u. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory). lithium-ion batteries. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. marcie@bandgap.mit. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999).5 Dr. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. Seattle. France. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. MA. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. Dr. Currently.1890 About the Authors Marcie R.edu Chapter A. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems.fr Chapter A. USA brenner@ncsu. NC. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China). WA.edu Chapter D. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. USA marcie@alum. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994.washington. both in Chemistry. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. Authors Donald W. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. She earned her BS. France broto@lncmp. and hydrogen storage.com Chapter A. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III.31 Dr. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc. Donald W. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn.4 Dr. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University.

USA in 2002. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI).tw Chapter H. Canada muchiao@mech.ibm. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. Inc. Pittsburgh. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. Particularly. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. IOP.edu. Hsinchu. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently.tw Chapter C.edu. and Phi Tau Phi. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University. in 2000.com Chapter G. PA. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. More recently. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. Yorktown Heights. Watson Research Center. Switzerland cbi@zurich.45 Dr. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. Dr. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. Dr. Ann Arbor. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. .52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices. Taiwan.O. in 1986. His research interests include nanomaterials.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications.nctu. He is a member of IEEE. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. San Diego.ca Chapter H. SoP. R. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. Canada. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. Taiwan ichen@ncu. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. Right after graduation.C. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. San Diego in 2007.ubc. respectively. ytcheng@mail. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. In 2006. USA.

de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. respectively. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. Middletown. LA. CT.cmu. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996. from 1996 to 2007.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge.com Chapter H.48 Maarten P. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. MEMS. PA. . and bioMEMS components and systems. bioelectronics. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Additionally. Australia tamara. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. NY.edu Chapter B. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. and mechanical properties.au Chapter B.cooper@csiro. Maarten P.gov Chapter B. friction. nanomaterial-based biosensors. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). Ithaca. NY. SA. LA. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability. Baton Rouge. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. Authors Tamara H. His background is in optics. USA dehlinger1@llnl. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications.48 Alex D. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation. NM.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. San Diego. in 1998 and 2002. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore.13 Dr. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. USA choi@ece. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. PA. and nanofabrication techniques. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. USA corwin@ge. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors. South Australia. CA. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University.edu Chapter H. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna. Alex D. USA mpdebo@andrew. as Associate Professor in 2007.lsu. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University.

gov Chapter H.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro.edu Chapter A.edu Chapter G. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003.48 Frank W.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. nanowires. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. in 1996. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. USA ldong@egr. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. . CA. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. respectively. In 2005. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. mechanochemistry. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. both of Mechanical Engineering. and nanotubes. MD. mechatronics. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore.msu. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. USA frank. MD. His main research interests include nanorobotics. USA gene@mgm.com Chapter G. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans.About the Authors 1893 Frank W. and nanobiomedical devices. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996.and Nanofabrication group.ibm. Environment and Safety (NEES). MA. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. his work has focused on the development of micro. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). MI. Switzerland dpt@zurich. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. University of Neuchâtel. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon.S. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. Switzerland. Berkeley. on Automation Science and Engineering. During his tenure at the University of Colorado.delrio@nist. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg.mit. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes.

Ottawa. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes. Switzerland drg@zurich. and novel forms of carbon.fritsch@uni-leipzig. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. and single molecule-force spectroscopy. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University.de Chapter D.ibm.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy. Authors Urs T. His current research interests include nanotechnology.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. Zurich. Switzerland ele@zurich.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. In 2005. France flahaut@chimie. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs.com Chapter G. topography and recognition imaging.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. MA. Currently he is working in Prof. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award. in 1984. and joined IBM Research in 1986. .4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. In 1997. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. Chapter C. tech. especially in carbon science. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. In January 2002. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz.ebner@jku.1894 About the Authors Mildred S.mit. in 1985. USA millie@mgm. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux.ups-tlse. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.edu Chapter A. Dr.fr Chapter A. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Canada.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany anatol. bismuth nanowires. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Abraham Prize Paper Award. Austria andreas. in 2007. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. in particular probe-storage techniques.ibm. low dimensional thermoelectricity. Germany. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge.

. the German Nanoscience Award 2000. H. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. During the past 25 years. Binnig and H. Germany.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel.de Chapter C. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). 1984–1985. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy.23. Ludwigshafen. Rohrer. C. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster. University of Basel.gnecco@unibas. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. Zurich in the group of G. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. Franz J.ch Chapter D. 2000.de Chapters C. Switzerland enrico.giessibl@physik. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. His research interests focus on nanotribology. Germany.ch Chapter B. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon.uni-regensburg. Post doc with IBM Research Lab.gerber@unibas. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. Switzerland christoph. his research has been focused on nanoscale science. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech).26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. Germany franz. Switzerland.

She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. Germany s. .1896 About the Authors Stanislav N. China. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award.at Chapter C. wear.edu Chapter D. She received her BA from St. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston. Germany. USA hafner@rice. Judith A. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials. USA jah@usna. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology. and reconstitution of biological interaction.31 Judith A. Austria hermann. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev.gruber@jku. such as indentation. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants.and Nanotribology”. friction. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award. Stuttgart. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. TX. Since then. Institute of Biophysics. In 2000. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. Harrison U. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. physiology. Institute of Organic Chemistry.27 Hermann J. For the past 18 years. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. biomechanics. MD. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics.gorb@mf. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. two edited books.edu Chapter C. including the “Burt L. in 1983. University of Kiel. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985). including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. Germany. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. he is at the University of Linz. bioconjugation. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. structure.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. Gorb has authored three monographs.S.mpg.de Chapter F. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research.

of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). Zurich. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. Inc.31 Dr. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. respectively.. Michael J. Switzerland thomas. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. Nanogen. 1984–1987. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007.and Nanosystems.ie Chapter B. Co-founder and President.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C. ETH Zurich.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. Korea in 1997 and 1999. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California.com Chapter D. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. Integrated DNA Technologies. Supervisor DNA Technology. . 1976–1984.edu Chapter B. Switzerland. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. San Diego. Co-founder and CTO.and nanoscaled pressure sensors.helbling@micro. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. Amoco.ethz. Molecular Biosystems. CA. He focused on micro. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. Northwestern University.ch Chapter B. USA mjheller@ucsd. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. Dr.heo@lamrc. USA seongjun. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul.hegner@tcd. Ireland martin. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow. 1987–1989. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003.mavt.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Director Molecular Biology. 1993–2001. CA. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp. Fremont.13 Professor Michael J. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro.

Inc. Austria peter. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993).ethz. where he holds a position as Associate Professor.. from the University of Linz. Before. M. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. Hodko received his B.hierold@micro. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging. Croatia. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen.at Chapter C. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. tech.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro. and Ph.ac.mavt. USA dhodko@nanogen.com Chapter B. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro.Sc. Germany. Japan hosoi@cris. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002. .27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS. San Diego.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Institute for Biophysics in 1992. he was eleven years with Siemens AG.Sc.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster.de Chapter C. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo.hokudai. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. TRANSDUCERS. Switzerland christofer. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. Austria.hoelscher@imt.jp Chapter C. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen.and Nanosystems. Corporate Research. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces. CA.ch Chapter B.hinterdorfer@jku. Inc.13 Dr. Germany hendrik. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. Institute for Biophysics.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry.D. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich. Dr.fzk. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe.

After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. respectively.ucsb. Douglas L. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009.edu Chapter C. CA. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM.edu Chapter B. His research include nanomaterials.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. Irvine. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. APS Fellow. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm.31 Dr. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California. USA jacob@engineering. and received John Bardeen Award. USA doug_irving@ncsu.edu Chapter D. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. CA. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Authors Douglas L. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. Guangyao Jia University of California.huebner1@web.edu Chapter D. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. . Germany. Germany. Ulm.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. USA jin@ucsd.de Chapter D.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm. UK. Jacob N. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. University of Cambridge. USA gjia@uci. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification. CA. Germany katrin. NC. Sungho Jin University of California. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. MRS Fellow. electronic materials and biomaterials.

edu Chapter D.com Chapter F. Belgium jourdain@imec. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. self-cleaning and low adhesion. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot.ac. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. Ohio. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.be Chapter H. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. In 2000. MA. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. Korea yc423. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. France. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. Grenoble. More recently. France. USA kahn@cwru. ocular and cardiovascular systems. He is currently a Ph. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation.edu Chapter H. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development.D. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge.jung@samsung. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. USA rdkamm@mit.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. France in 1994.il Chapter C.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. his attention has focused on two new areas. . He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. Leuven. Los Angeles in 2004. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. Belgium.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. OH. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland.kapon@weizmann. In 1999. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). Ltd. Israel ruti.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University.. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems. Cleveland. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity.

Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. He then joined the Yonsei University.edu Chapter B. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. USA jitaekim@uci.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University. respectively. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation.edu Chapter B. . Germany.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. CA.de Chapter D. in 1999. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. optics. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology.. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. His research interests are modeling. Austin. design and fabrication of microsystems. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. Germany in 2007. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. Seoul. Inc.kim@samsung. in 1997. in 2004. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. South Korea kimjb@yonsei. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC. Germany jkaes@physik. CA. Irvine.ac.com Chapter B. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. Richmond. Korea. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California.uni-leipzig. Germany Tobias. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics. Berkeley. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. from 2004 to 2005. behavioural. TX.de Chapter D. USA hkido@uci. CA. molecular.Kiessling@uni-leipzig. South Korea nahui.kr Chapter H.

Germany tobias.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken. biological surfaces. USA jingkong@mit.edu Chapter C. Germany. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. IL. characterization. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems. Germany kerstin. MA. .22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB.dtu. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. After postdoctoral training at Caltech. Denmark anders.koch@hochschule.and nanostructures. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma.dk Chapter A. Germany.de Chapter A. University of Copenhagen. Switzerland. microfluidics. Her research interests lie in the synthesis. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001.edu Chapter A. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. de Chapter F. Kleve. USA rlal@uchicago. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. such as nanotubes and graphene. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute.kraus@inm-gmbh.kristensen@nanotech. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich).rhein-waal.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. FRET and related optical microscopy. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. and nanoimprint lithography. including Time. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. origin and functions of micro.41 Professor Dr. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. Smithsonian and UPI. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. With his group. Germany.

MA. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. OH. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. Switzerland hans-peter.harvard.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.fr Chapter A. formation mechanisms. localized growth. France laurent@chimie. Cambridge. Germany. As a postdoc. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. USA jlammerding@rics. Since 2000. MA. In particular. cellular.lang@unibas. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Ohio. USA carmen. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. and since 1994.edu Chapter D. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals.bwh. teaching molecular. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. characterization.ups-tlse. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. . He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr.15 Dr.3 Dr.35 Dr. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs. His research include in the synthesis. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel.ch Chapter B. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Dr. ceramic-matrix composites).latorre@owenscorning. hydrogen storage. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. Since 1996.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge.com Chapter D. Boston. and tissue biomechanics. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville.

Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense.leifert@csiro. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. Dr.au Stephen C. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. He served as editor of 4 books. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. point-of-care diagnostics. USA lee@bme. OH. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors.16 Stephen C.edu Chapter B. Chapter B. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats. Australia wayne. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. Authors Wayne R.edu Chapter B. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). automated cell sorting technologies. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. Dr. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. South Australia. CA. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. edited two special journal issues. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. . a DARPA-industry supported research center.ohio-state. SA. Dr. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).20 Abraham (Abe) P. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. and is author of 5 book chapters. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal. USA aplee@uci.

National Taiwan University. Berkeley. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes. Berkeley. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery).52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University. respectively. . Ghent. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005.com Chapter A. he has been with University of California. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department.J. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. Dr. CA. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. patents in the area of MEMS. Watson Research Center in 2003. USA mmadou@uci.S. His research interests are in design. His current research is focused on life science. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. USA yming@us. He is the holder of nine U. R. CA.de Chapters C. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department. respectively.19 Dr. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. NY. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).marti@uni-ulm. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths. Hsinchu. Dr.21. Lin joined the IBM T. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California.edu Chapter H. Taiwan.O. Germany othmar.32 Dr. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T.4 Dr. Belgium.edu Chapter B. and dynamics. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. D. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator.C. in 1991 and 1993.. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine. J. micro/ nanosensors. China. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002.berkeley. including heat transfer.ibm. in 1986. USA lwlin@me. Marc J. Since 1999. solid/fluid mechanics.

Prior to joining the University of Hyogo.com Chapter A.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research.jp Chapter A. including sensors.u-hyogo. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. Inc.edu Chapters A. in particular for applications in harsh environments. Rogers at UIUC. Inc. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. NC. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. OH. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Durham. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. France) and Prof. FLX Micro. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. He has a PhD in Materials Science. and NineSigma. Electronics. B. His research interests are in micro. John A. USA mxm31@cwru.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). USA etienne. Inc. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. respectively.martin@alumni. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department.edu Chapter H. Etienne Menard Semprius. He held the George S.11. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer.ac.7 Dr. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. he worked at NEC Corporation. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. actuators. Since January 2003. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990.tufts.menard@semprius.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. Inc. USA jack. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. . MA. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. Japan matsui@lasti.

he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. development and fabrication of microsystems. France monthiou@cemes. Mohammad Mofrad University of California. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. testing and characterization. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. companies and universities.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto.meyer@unibas.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. Iran. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy. At present. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy.fr Chapter A. Berkeley.org. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction.E. reliability and price. USA mofrad@berkeley.edu Chapter D. associated with B. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Dr. Marc Monthioux CEMES . Switzerland ernst. At Berkeley. Dr. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. CA.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. he has developed and taught several new courses.K. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Spain.com Chapter H. molecular cell biomechanics. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. . Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. respectively. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow.35 Dr. biological transport phenomena. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. Mohammad R. Smith and Professor D.ch Chapter D. and cardiovascular disease.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. Dr.

and NEMS. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. Germany mmorgens@physik. and web-based control and programming of robots. His research interests include spin-polarized STM.jp Chapter C. microassembly. Africa. Switzerland bnelson@ethz. Sapporo. MEMS (sensors and actuators).eng. He has achieved mapping. USA nosonovs@uwm. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.ac. exchange force microscopy. WI.33. self-organization and biomimetcs. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich.rwth-aachen.osaka-u. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. In 1987 he moved to the university. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. and Professor at ETH in 2002. magnetic force microscopy. Japan. Ltd. nanotribology. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing.hokudai. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. Bradley J. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984.edu Chapters D.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. capillary effects. and nanorobotics.jp Chapter C. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions. Japan mukasa@nano. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology). In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. force control. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. sensor integration.ac. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. biomicrorobotics. Germany in 1996.23 K. Japan smorita@ele. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka. F. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo.eng.de Chapter C. Mott spin detectors. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. . In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen.ch Chapter G. Since 1007.

in 1998.fr Chapter A. Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven.ac. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes.kuleuven. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse.23 Dr. After working with Philips Research. France peigney@chimie. His research encompasses the synthesis. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). he is as a Full Professor at the K. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. Eindhoven. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. sensors. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS).or. France.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK).U. Philadelphia. MEMS and packaging techniques. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample.com Chapter G. Switzerland hap@zurich.ksp. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. PA. Leuven. the Netherlands. Belgium bob.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes.com Chapter D.ups-tlse.pfeiffer@gmail. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites.jp Chapter C. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry.45 Dr. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977. Switzerland oliver.U. Leuven. Dr.be Chapter H. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors. At present. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel. Japan oni@net. .puers@esat.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K. Toulouse.ibm.

edu Chapter A. College Park. Françisco M. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems. Haifa. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Madagascar.il Chapter C. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. Rehovot. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Israel. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution.edu Chapter A. Cambridge. Israel ziv. .reich@weizmann. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. Dr. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology.1910 About the Authors Calvin F.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland.25 Calvin F. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. Toulouse. in 1982 and 1986. He has worked on plasma diagnostics.fr Chapter A. he has held the position of professor. CA. In particular. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. CA. USA oded@umd. FL. protein energy landscapes. He has received the IEEE Morris N. in 1950. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. USA quate@stanford. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava.edu Chapter C. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000. Since 2000. Liebmann Award in 1981. Israel. MA. Quate Stanford University Edward L. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. respectively. He received the 3rd cycle degree. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University. Stanford. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. and medical imaging technologies. Currently. Stanford University. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London.ac. arc-electrode interaction. France. MD. where he has been since 1961. France razafinimanana@cpat. USA fraymo@miami. sensing.ups-tlse.2 Françisco M.

25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University.29 Dr.edu Chapter C. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. and 1998. polymer. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory. and liquid crystal systems.ch Chapter B. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. Cambridge. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. Dr. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. USA sahin@rowland. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. MS. USA jrogers@uiuc.D. Austin. Her current research includes adhesion.jp Chapter C.About the Authors 1911 John A. IL.edu Chapter A. MA. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. From MIT. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. Dr. His current research interests include transport phenomena.10 Professor John A. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications.D. CA. From 1995 to 1997. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. MA. Japan sasahara@jaist. 1995. Ankara.edu Chapter D. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. . USA marina_ruths@uml. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.roman@micro. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics.ac. MA.mavt. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). Switzerland cosmin. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. in 1989. respectively. During his career. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. with a specialization in computer science.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS.harvard. mechanics.ethz. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. She received her Ph. from the University of California.

Germany. Germany christian. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen.schwarz@yale. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University. Germany. University of Leipzig. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven. Udo D. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. USA udo. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. he joined PSI as a research staff member. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM). His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University.schulze@beiersdorf. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy.e. Switzerland helmut. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM).de Chapter C. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009.24 Dr. christian. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. France.26 Dr.9 Dr.-Ing.edu Chapter C. Germany aschwarz@physnet. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe.24 Udo D. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. nanoionics and nanotribology.de Chapter D. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. After his graduation in 1994. Germany. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. on his PhD degree.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. self-assembly processes of organic molecules.D. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. Germany in 2006. Germany. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). i. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques.com.schift@psi. .ch Chapter A. . Switzerland.de Chapter C. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro.schulze@uni-leipzig. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. CT. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. and performed his Ph.uni-hamburg. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro.

ufl. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. USA huamei. USA solgaard@stanford. Sunnyvale. Dalian. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. WI. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. .serp@ensiacet. Dr.com Chapter A. USA ssinn@mse. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. He has authored more than 150 technical publications.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering.com Chapter D.5 Dr. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.31 Dr. California. China. in 2002 and 1998.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse. and holds 18 patents. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. France. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters.edu Chapter D. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst. CA. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. Susan B. respectively. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. France philippe. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. WA. Susan B. CA.shang@ge.edu Chapter C. FL. Seattle.L. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. Toulouse. design.fr Chapter A. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship.3 Dr.

Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. he joined the National Tsing Hua University. Hokkaido University. including protein crystallization. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. and controlled drug delivery.. Germany dan. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers. In 2003. Japan sugawara@ap.de Chapter D. Japan sueoka@nano.isthokudai.ac. In 2004. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure.de Chapter D. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department. Germany in 2006.uni-leipzig. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University.ac.osaka-u.nthu. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Taiwan.jp Chapter C. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging. Germany in 2006. respectively. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka. . Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. Taiwan ycsu@ess.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. droplet metering and manipulation. magnetic nanoparticles. in 1993 and 1995.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level.jp Chapter C. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy.eng.edu. Taiwan.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.strehle@uni-leipzig. and single electron transistor.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany stueber@rz. Berkeley. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope.tw Chapter H.

while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. he is at Leiden University. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. W. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. USA ytanster@gmail. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. Engineering San Diego.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. CA. and drug delivery. Currently. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. The Netherlands. Inc. CA.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. Irvine.com Chapter B. USA steh@uci. Inc. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials.nl Chapter H. Belgium. MO.edu Chapter B.leidenuniv. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. Louis. While in Irvine. in 1999. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. The Netherlands. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. with and without integrated active circuitry. San Diego. The Netherlands spengen@physics. Louis. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS.com Chapter B. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee.13 Dr.20 Dr.com Chapter B. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. USA pswanson@nexogentech. Davis in 2004. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. . he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. San Diego. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. CA. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. CA. USA bdsulliv@TearLab.

Japan. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999. Switzerland hwo@zurich. in 2001. Switzerland. In 1995.de Chapter D.cwru. .1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. and probe storage applications. MS. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. electronic and opto-electronic devices. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. Dr.vettiger@unine.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963.wetzel@uni-leipzig. Binnig. Since his retirement. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology. and at Kyoto University. Germany. USA djy@po.K. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. Glennan 510 Cleveland.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. together with G. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. In 1995.ch Chapter G. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel.com Chapter A.6 Dr. Switzerland. Germany. Switzerland peter. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. and 1999. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel.ibm. respectively. Darrin J. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Young received his BS. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications.12 Darrin J. biology. in 2006. Germany franziska. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. OH. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. 1993. nanofabrication.edu Chapter B. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991.

Dr. biomimetic sensors and actuators. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Research Specialist at University of California. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. wafer bonding.. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. Irvine in 1996.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. Dr. In addition to teaching. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994.edu Chapters A. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). OH. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). . He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. Dr. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. and 5 patents. respectively. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics. Dr. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. Authors Christian A. USA bziaie@purdue. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system.12 Christian A. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. USA caz@case. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Dr. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette..edu Chapter B. Dr. Jim V. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development.edu Chapter A. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. Sr. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). and low defect density growth processes for SiC. These include implantable wireless microsystems. CA.11. Since January 2005. USA jzoval@saddleback. 26 journal publications.19 Dr. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. five book chapters. IN. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. B. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. Dr. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. He has published over 120 technical papers. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. and Sr.

1918 .

http://www.springer.com/978-3-642-02524-2 .