1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China).4 Dr. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc. She earned her BS. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. France broto@lncmp. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory).com Chapter A. Currently. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. Authors Donald W. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. Donald W. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics.5 Dr. China. marcie@bandgap. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. Before joining Bandgap. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. NC. France. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. both in Chemistry. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Waltham. Dr.washington. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. State University in 1987.31 Dr. lithium-ion batteries.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Raleigh.edu. WA.1890 About the Authors Marcie R. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. USA gzcao@u. supercapacitors. USA brenner@ncsu. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. He has published over 250 refereed papers.mit. USA marcie@alum. and hydrogen storage.fr Chapter A. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. .edu Chapter A.edu Chapter D. Seattle. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. WA. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. MA. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands).

Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California.tw Chapter C. USA. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems.edu.tw Chapter H. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Right after graduation. SoP.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University. USA in 2002. He is a member of IEEE. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI). Canada. Watson Research Center. Dr. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. Taiwan.O. Ann Arbor. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. . In 2006.edu.C. San Diego in 2007. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. PA. Particularly. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications. IOP. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). Taiwan ichen@ncu. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.ibm. in 1986. His research interests include nanomaterials. Yorktown Heights. R. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. Hsinchu. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li.nctu.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices. Dr.ubc. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. Canada muchiao@mech.ca Chapter H. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. San Diego. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University. Pittsburgh. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. Switzerland cbi@zurich. More recently.45 Dr. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE.com Chapter G. Inc.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. and Phi Tau Phi. in 2000. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. respectively. ytcheng@mail.

and bioMEMS components and systems. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors. NY. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. respectively.edu Chapter H. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems.13 Dr. Middletown. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. South Australia.cooper@csiro. Alex D. USA choi@ece. LA. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. Baton Rouge. SA. USA corwin@ge. NY.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. USA mpdebo@andrew. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. CT. Additionally. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. and mechanical properties. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. as Associate Professor in 2007. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. San Diego.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. USA dehlinger1@llnl.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996. PA. friction. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996.au Chapter B. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. Maarten P. NM.lsu. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). bioelectronics. .cmu.com Chapter H.gov Chapter B.48 Maarten P. Ithaca. and nanofabrication techniques. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. CA. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University. His background is in optics. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. Authors Tamara H.edu Chapter B. nanomaterial-based biosensors. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. LA. PA. from 1996 to 2007. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna. in 1998 and 2002. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability.48 Alex D. Australia tamara. MEMS.

He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. Environment and Safety (NEES). and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. and nanobiomedical devices. Berkeley. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. His main research interests include nanorobotics. MD. his work has focused on the development of micro. MI. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. nanowires. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque.edu Chapter G. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. on Automation Science and Engineering. University of Neuchâtel. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes.mit. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. and nanotubes. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. both of Mechanical Engineering. USA gene@mgm. USA frank.edu Chapter A. MD. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M.About the Authors 1893 Frank W. MA. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. In 2005. . where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. mechanochemistry. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).and Nanofabrication group. USA ldong@egr. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. in 1996.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg. Switzerland dpt@zurich. mechatronics. During his tenure at the University of Colorado. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California. CA. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member.ibm. Switzerland.msu. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago.48 Frank W.delrio@nist.S. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008.com Chapter G.gov Chapter H. respectively.

He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon.mit. in 1984. Switzerland drg@zurich.de Chapter D. In 1997. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. Currently he is working in Prof. especially in carbon science.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Austria andreas. topography and recognition imaging. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse.ibm. Dr. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. In 2005. in 2007. Chapter C. Germany anatol.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr. Germany. and single molecule-force spectroscopy. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. Abraham Prize Paper Award. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees. Switzerland ele@zurich.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. In January 2002. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge.ibm. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. MA. in 1985. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy.ebner@jku. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. Canada. France flahaut@chimie. low dimensional thermoelectricity. His current research interests include nanotechnology.edu Chapter A. in particular probe-storage techniques. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz. Zurich. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. bismuth nanowires. and joined IBM Research in 1986. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. .fritsch@uni-leipzig. tech.com Chapter G.fr Chapter A. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. USA millie@mgm. Authors Urs T. Ottawa. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. and novel forms of carbon.ups-tlse.

Rohrer. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Zurich in the group of G. Ludwigshafen. 2000.de Chapter C. 1984–1985. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). Germany.gerber@unibas. Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg. his research has been focused on nanoscale science. the German Nanoscience Award 2000. Germany franz.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. Switzerland. C.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. His research interests focus on nanotribology. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences.23. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. .15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG.de Chapters C. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). Germany.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. Switzerland enrico.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. Post doc with IBM Research Lab. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. Switzerland christoph. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. H. Binnig and H.uni-regensburg.ch Chapter D. Franz J.giessibl@physik.ch Chapter B. University of Basel. During the past 25 years. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001.gnecco@unibas. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy.

where he holds a position as Associate Professor. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. USA hafner@rice. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro.and Nanotribology”. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. two edited books. Gorb has authored three monographs.gorb@mf. Germany s. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology. Institute of Biophysics. structure.de Chapter F. China. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. including the “Burt L. . Austria hermann. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985). biomechanics. USA jah@usna. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. Judith A. Institute of Organic Chemistry. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. University of Kiel. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. Stuttgart.gruber@jku. She received her BA from St. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. Since then. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. such as indentation. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics.edu Chapter C. Germany. In 2000. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. For the past 18 years. Germany. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. physiology. he is at the University of Linz. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston.at Chapter C.27 Hermann J. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics.edu Chapter D. friction. and reconstitution of biological interaction.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. Harrison U. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award.31 Judith A. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. wear. in 1983. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research. bioconjugation.mpg. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart.S. TX. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. MD. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems.

Switzerland thomas.31 Dr. Zurich. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. Director Molecular Biology.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp. Integrated DNA Technologies. Inc. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. Co-founder and CTO. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro.13 Professor Michael J.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. respectively. 1976–1984.and Nanosystems. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. USA mjheller@ucsd. Dr. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. Molecular Biosystems. ETH Zurich. . San Diego. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C.ie Chapter B.mavt. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich.helbling@micro. CA. Michael J. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003.com Chapter D. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. Co-founder and President. 1987–1989. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. Amoco. Supervisor DNA Technology. 1984–1987. 1993–2001. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN.hegner@tcd. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. Nanogen. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. Northwestern University. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. He focused on micro. CA.and nanoscaled pressure sensors.ethz.edu Chapter B. USA seongjun. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. Ireland martin. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow.ch Chapter B. Switzerland.heo@lamrc. Korea in 1997 and 1999. Fremont.. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology.

Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. Austria peter.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. and Ph.at Chapter C.and Nanosystems. tech. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster.ethz.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia. Institute for Biophysics in 1992. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.jp Chapter C. Institute for Biophysics. . EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. Switzerland christofer.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. Dr. TRANSDUCERS. Austria.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro.hokudai. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. CA. Germany hendrik. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. from the University of Linz. Germany. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). Dalibor Hodko Nanogen. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo.ch Chapter B.hoelscher@imt. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. M.hinterdorfer@jku. Japan hosoi@cris.ac. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb.13 Dr.fzk. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces.com Chapter B.Sc. he was eleven years with Siemens AG. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.. Hodko received his B. Croatia. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993).mavt. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. Inc.D.Sc. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich. USA dhodko@nanogen. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002. Corporate Research. Before. Inc.de Chapter C. San Diego.hierold@micro.

CA.edu Chapter D.31 Dr. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. Authors Douglas L.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. Ulm. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. University of Cambridge. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm. USA jacob@engineering. . and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. UK. MRS Fellow.de Chapter D. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department. CA. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. electronic materials and biomaterials.ucsb. Douglas L. USA gjia@uci.edu Chapter D. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. His research include nanomaterials. Germany katrin. Guangyao Jia University of California. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. APS Fellow. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. Germany. respectively. USA doug_irving@ncsu. USA jin@ucsd.huebner1@web. Irvine. and received John Bardeen Award. NC. Jacob N.edu Chapter B. Germany. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM.edu Chapter C. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986).About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. Sungho Jin University of California. CA.

She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. self-cleaning and low adhesion. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development.edu Chapter H. OH. Cleveland. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. More recently. Ohio.D. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge. In 2000. Leuven. Ltd. Grenoble.edu Chapter D..kapon@weizmann. MA. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics. his attention has focused on two new areas. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland. ocular and cardiovascular systems. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. He is currently a Ph. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena. Israel ruti. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems. Belgium. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. Belgium jourdain@imec.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.com Chapter F. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. .27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Korea yc423. USA kahn@cwru.be Chapter H.il Chapter C. France. France. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. France in 1994. These works have led to over 160 journal publications.jung@samsung. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. Los Angeles in 2004.ac. USA rdkamm@mit. In 1999. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble.

19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University.ac. Richmond. molecular. Germany in 2007. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. USA jitaekim@uci. . Germany jkaes@physik. CA. His research interests are modeling. Austin. South Korea kimjb@yonsei.uni-leipzig. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. behavioural. optics.kr Chapter H. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC.de Chapter D. He then joined the Yonsei University. CA. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001.com Chapter B.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany. in 1997. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. Seoul. Irvine. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics. in 1999. Korea. USA hkido@uci. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School.de Chapter D. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. TX. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. South Korea nahui. CA. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University.Kiessling@uni-leipzig. Berkeley.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. in 2004.edu Chapter B. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy. respectively. from 2004 to 2005. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.kim@samsung. Inc.. design and fabrication of microsystems. Germany Tobias.edu Chapter B. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul.

including Time. IL. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales.koch@hochschule. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. USA rlal@uchicago.dk Chapter A. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. origin and functions of micro.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science. . After postdoctoral training at Caltech. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. such as nanotubes and graphene. Denmark anders. de Chapter F. USA jingkong@mit. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich. Smithsonian and UPI. biological surfaces. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University.edu Chapter A. FRET and related optical microscopy. Switzerland. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces.rhein-waal. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. Her research interests lie in the synthesis.41 Professor Dr.de Chapter A.dtu. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. characterization. Germany. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich).4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. Kleve.kraus@inm-gmbh. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn.kristensen@nanotech. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. MA.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken.and nanostructures. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. Germany kerstin. Germany. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve.edu Chapter C. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. Germany tobias. microfluidics. Germany. and nanoimprint lithography. With his group. University of Copenhagen.

characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. His research include in the synthesis. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. In particular. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. teaching molecular. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. Since 2000. and since 1994.harvard. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. France laurent@chimie. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. MA. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville. and tissue biomechanics.com Chapter D. Dr.ch Chapter B. USA carmen. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. Switzerland hans-peter. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals. Since 1996. formation mechanisms. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. ceramic-matrix composites). Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. . he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. localized growth. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs.15 Dr. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.bwh. MA.lang@unibas. Germany. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Ohio. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr.latorre@owenscorning. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. characterization. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain.3 Dr. hydrogen storage. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen.edu Chapter D. Boston. As a postdoc. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Cambridge. USA jlammerding@rics. OH.ups-tlse. cellular.fr Chapter A.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.35 Dr.

owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. South Australia. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats.edu Chapter B. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. USA lee@bme.leifert@csiro.edu Chapter B. . Dr. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. edited two special journal issues. a DARPA-industry supported research center.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Chapter B. automated cell sorting technologies. SA. Australia wayne.ohio-state. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. point-of-care diagnostics. Dr. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. Authors Wayne R. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). CA. and is author of 5 book chapters. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998.au Stephen C. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. Dr. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. OH. He served as editor of 4 books. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley.16 Stephen C. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal.20 Abraham (Abe) P. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. USA aplee@uci. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices).

D. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems.berkeley. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications.32 Dr..4 Dr. J. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. He is the holder of nine U. Ghent. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.edu Chapter B. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department.19 Dr. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures.ibm. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T. His current research is focused on life science. Marc J. His research interests are in design. R. USA yming@us. he has been with University of California. Taiwan.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002. National Taiwan University. respectively. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine.S. in 1991 and 1993. Germany othmar. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). . Watson Research Center in 2003.J. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996.com Chapter A. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. Since 1999. CA. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths.21. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University.de Chapters C. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes.edu Chapter H. Berkeley. respectively. Belgium.marti@uni-ulm. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. USA lwlin@me. CA. Berkeley. and dynamics. China. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. solid/fluid mechanics. Dr. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery). polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. Lin joined the IBM T. in 1986. including heat transfer. USA mmadou@uci. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. Hsinchu. NY. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. patents in the area of MEMS. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. Dr.O. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. micro/ nanosensors. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices.C.

in particular for applications in harsh environments. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002.jp Chapter A. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo. Inc. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. USA mxm31@cwru. he worked at NEC Corporation. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. Etienne Menard Semprius. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. actuators.u-hyogo. Japan matsui@lasti.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). OH. Durham.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. Inc. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies. He has a PhD in Materials Science. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990.com Chapter A. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. USA jack. France) and Prof. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. Rogers at UIUC.menard@semprius. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. John A. FLX Micro.ac.martin@alumni. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs.7 Dr. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland.edu Chapter H. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. including sensors. Inc. . From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. micromachining and microfabrication technologies.edu Chapters A. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. USA etienne. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. Inc.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature. respectively. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. Since January 2003. NC. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. and NineSigma.11. He held the George S. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. MA. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo.tufts. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. His research interests are in micro. Electronics. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. B.

His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. respectively.ch Chapter D.35 Dr. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. At present. Mohammad R. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. Mohammad Mofrad University of California. Iran. and cardiovascular disease. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. Marc Monthioux CEMES .fr Chapter A. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. USA mofrad@berkeley. he has developed and taught several new courses. Berkeley.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. Switzerland ernst. biological transport phenomena. Smith and Professor D. associated with B. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. . testing and characterization. Dr. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. France monthiou@cemes. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. molecular cell biomechanics. At Berkeley. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. development and fabrication of microsystems. companies and universities. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007.K.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto.meyer@unibas.E. Spain.com Chapter H. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa.edu Chapter D. CA. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. reliability and price.org. Dr. Dr. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy.

42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. self-organization and biomimetcs. magnetic force microscopy. and NEMS. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. Since 1007.ch Chapter G. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago.eng. USA nosonovs@uwm. Germany in 1996. microassembly. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University. Ltd. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. Japan.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. Africa.eng. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo.33. capillary effects. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. F. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich. biomicrorobotics. His research interests include spin-polarized STM. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology).ac. Sapporo. and nanorobotics. Bradley J. and web-based control and programming of robots.ac. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. In 1987 he moved to the university. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. Germany mmorgens@physik. sensor integration. nanotribology. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics.osaka-u. Japan mukasa@nano. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). exchange force microscopy. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. . WI. Switzerland bnelson@ethz. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices. Mott spin detectors.jp Chapter C. MEMS (sensors and actuators).edu Chapters D. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. and Professor at ETH in 2002. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka.hokudai.23 K. Japan smorita@ele. He has achieved mapping. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995.jp Chapter C.rwth-aachen.de Chapter C. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. force control.

sensors. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986. . He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University. After working with Philips Research. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977.com Chapter G.com Chapter D.or. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. Toulouse. the Netherlands. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. he is as a Full Professor at the K. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. Japan oni@net.45 Dr. Philadelphia.ups-tlse. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry.ibm.ac.pfeiffer@gmail.fr Chapter A.ksp.be Chapter H. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K.jp Chapter C. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university.U. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa.puers@esat. in 1998.kuleuven. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University. Eindhoven.23 Dr. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel.U. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies. His research encompasses the synthesis. PA. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors. Dr. Leuven. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach. Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample. MEMS and packaging techniques. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques. France. Belgium bob. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK). Switzerland oliver. Leuven. France peigney@chimie. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). At present. Switzerland hap@zurich.

Haifa. arc-electrode interaction. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. sensing. CA. In particular. MA. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. and medical imaging technologies. Israel. He received the 3rd cycle degree. in 1950. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes.edu Chapter A. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. Françisco M. Quate Stanford University Edward L. He has received the IEEE Morris N. protein energy landscapes. Stanford University. Dr. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Madagascar. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University.edu Chapter A.reich@weizmann. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University. Israel. Since 2000.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. respectively.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland. Rehovot. He has worked on plasma diagnostics. he has held the position of professor. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. FL. where he has been since 1961. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. Liebmann Award in 1981. College Park.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. France razafinimanana@cpat.edu Chapter C. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. Cambridge.ac. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. CA. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. Stanford.ups-tlse. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics.fr Chapter A. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Toulouse. Currently. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse. MD. USA oded@umd. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. USA quate@stanford. France.il Chapter C. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. Israel ziv.2 Françisco M. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. . USA fraymo@miami. in 1982 and 1986. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000.25 Calvin F. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University.

respectively. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. Ankara. 1995. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory. CA. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph.mavt.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University. USA jrogers@uiuc. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. Japan sasahara@jaist. MA.D. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. . Her current research includes adhesion. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. MA. and liquid crystal systems. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications.ethz. She received her Ph. MS. IL. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993.29 Dr. and 1998.About the Authors 1911 John A. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. During his career.harvard.ch Chapter B. mechanics. Dr. Switzerland cosmin. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. MA. Cambridge.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002.jp Chapter C. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana.roman@micro. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. USA sahin@rowland. polymer. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi. from the University of California. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. From 1995 to 1997. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. in 1989. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. His current research interests include transport phenomena. with a specialization in computer science. Dr.edu Chapter C.D. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics.edu Chapter D.ac. From MIT.10 Professor John A. Austin. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. USA marina_ruths@uml. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows.edu Chapter A. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG).

Germany.ch Chapter A. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology.edu Chapter C. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. he joined PSI as a research staff member.-Ing.schulze@beiersdorf. christian. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002. .and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. on his PhD degree. After his graduation in 1994. Switzerland.schift@psi.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster.26 Dr.schwarz@yale. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM). University of Leipzig. . Germany christian. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. Germany.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen.schulze@uni-leipzig.de Chapter C. CT.24 Udo D. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Switzerland helmut. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe. Germany aschwarz@physnet. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. Germany. France. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs.24 Dr. Udo D. Germany in 2006.com. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University.uni-hamburg. self-assembly processes of organic molecules. Germany. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University.e.D. and performed his Ph.de Chapter D. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM). Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven.de Chapter C.9 Dr. USA udo. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. nanoionics and nanotribology. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg. i. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009.

5 Dr.ufl. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University.3 Dr. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. He has authored more than 150 technical publications. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. France philippe. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. Toulouse. France. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications.L. USA ssinn@mse. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst. Dalian.com Chapter D. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. CA. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. respectively. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. FL. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. design.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. Dr. California. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). . Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. USA solgaard@stanford. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship.edu Chapter D. and holds 18 patents. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis.com Chapter A.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse.serp@ensiacet. in 2002 and 1998.edu Chapter C. Seattle. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. Susan B.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. USA huamei. CA.31 Dr. China. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000.shang@ge. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. WA.fr Chapter A. Susan B. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. Sunnyvale. WI.

especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level.de Chapter D.tw Chapter H. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.edu. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. Taiwan.nthu. magnetic nanoparticles.de Chapter D. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. Germany stueber@rz. Japan sugawara@ap.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo.isthokudai. In 2003.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka.ac. Germany in 2006. Germany in 2006. in 1993 and 1995. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy. including protein crystallization.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University. Berkeley.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany dan. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection. Japan sueoka@nano.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.eng. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department. and single electron transistor. droplet metering and manipulation.ac. and controlled drug delivery. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers.jp Chapter C.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. respectively..uni-leipzig. he joined the National Tsing Hua University. . Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. Taiwan ycsu@ess. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. Hokkaido University. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps.osaka-u. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California.strehle@uni-leipzig. In 2004.jp Chapter C. Taiwan. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure.

CA. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California.13 Dr.com Chapter B. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St.20 Dr. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. Louis. with and without integrated active circuitry.com Chapter B. USA steh@uci. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California.leidenuniv. Inc. Currently. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. The Netherlands spengen@physics. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. Louis. CA. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. W. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. The Netherlands. Belgium. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. and drug delivery. USA ytanster@gmail. Irvine. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. . Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. Davis in 2004.com Chapter B. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. in 1999. USA pswanson@nexogentech. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. Inc. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. Engineering San Diego.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. While in Irvine. San Diego. MO. he is at Leiden University.edu Chapter B. USA bdsulliv@TearLab. The Netherlands. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. CA.nl Chapter H.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices. CA. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. San Diego.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp.

he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. respectively. Switzerland.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. Since his retirement. OH.edu Chapter B. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology. Glennan 510 Cleveland. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Japan. together with G. electronic and opto-electronic devices. Germany.cwru. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method.wetzel@uni-leipzig.6 Dr. USA djy@po. Young received his BS. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. and 1999. Dr. Switzerland hwo@zurich. 1993. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. in 2006. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel.12 Darrin J. In 1995. MS.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. Switzerland peter.com Chapter A. nanofabrication. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. Binnig. and probe storage applications. . He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG.K. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. Germany franziska. in 2001. Switzerland. and at Kyoto University. In 1995.vettiger@unine.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. biology. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon.ibm.de Chapter D. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. Germany. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. Darrin J.ch Chapter G.

edu Chapter A.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. and 5 patents. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. IN.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing.11.. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). biomimetic sensors and actuators. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. Since January 2005. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control.edu Chapters A. Jim V. USA jzoval@saddleback. . Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. and Sr. respectively. USA bziaie@purdue. five book chapters. Research Specialist at University of California. Sr. He has published over 120 technical papers..edu Chapter B. Irvine in 1996.19 Dr. USA caz@case. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. 26 journal publications. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. Dr. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. B. OH. CA. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. wafer bonding. he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor.12 Christian A. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films. Dr. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. Dr. Dr. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. In addition to teaching. These include implantable wireless microsystems. Dr. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Authors Christian A. Dr. Dr. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. Dr. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics.

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