1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Donald W. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. Before joining Bandgap. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Raleigh. Dr. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. WA. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory).edu. and hydrogen storage. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. lithium-ion batteries. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China).edu Chapter A. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. . authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. Currently. supercapacitors. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept.31 Dr. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. France. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000).washington. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). Black Bandgap Engineering Inc. She earned her BS. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999).1890 About the Authors Marcie R.5 Dr. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. State University in 1987. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending. China.mit. Authors Donald W. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. USA marcie@alum.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. Seattle. both in Chemistry.com Chapter A. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. USA brenner@ncsu. Waltham. Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. WA. marcie@bandgap. France broto@lncmp. He has published over 250 refereed papers. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering.4 Dr. USA gzcao@u.fr Chapter A.edu Chapter D. MA. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. NC. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn.

and Phi Tau Phi. PA. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. USA in 2002.ibm. respectively. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. Taiwan ichen@ncu. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. Switzerland cbi@zurich. R.O.edu.ubc. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI). solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems.edu. ytcheng@mail. Canada muchiao@mech.tw Chapter C. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Particularly. IOP. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor.45 Dr. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.C. Dr. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor.nctu. His research interests include nanomaterials.com Chapter G. Ann Arbor. Taiwan.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. San Diego. Yorktown Heights. Watson Research Center. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. in 1986. San Diego in 2007.tw Chapter H. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. SoP. More recently. Pittsburgh.ca Chapter H. Hsinchu. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California. USA. He is a member of IEEE. in 2000. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. Dr. Right after graduation. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. In 2006. . where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. Canada. Inc. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax.

specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. Middletown. LA. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. respectively. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. and nanofabrication techniques. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion. USA mpdebo@andrew. and bioMEMS components and systems. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. San Diego. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. USA dehlinger1@llnl. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996. in 1998 and 2002. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation.cooper@csiro. from 1996 to 2007. Authors Tamara H. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. friction. NY. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide.48 Maarten P.edu Chapter H. Alex D.com Chapter H.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. South Australia. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque.gov Chapter B. bioelectronics. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. as Associate Professor in 2007. CA. Additionally. nanomaterial-based biosensors. SA. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability.lsu. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). USA choi@ece. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. NM. . he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. Baton Rouge. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna.au Chapter B. Maarten P. Ithaca. NY.edu Chapter B. and mechanical properties. USA corwin@ge. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors.cmu. MEMS. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. PA.13 Dr. Australia tamara. PA. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University.48 Alex D.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. CT. LA. His background is in optics. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001.

nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). in 1996. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. MD.com Chapter G. In 2005. on Automation Science and Engineering. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. mechatronics. CA.ibm. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).About the Authors 1893 Frank W. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. Switzerland dpt@zurich. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8.mit. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. MI. both of Mechanical Engineering. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. University of Neuchâtel. MD. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. USA gene@mgm. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California.delrio@nist.edu Chapter A. nanowires. His main research interests include nanorobotics.48 Frank W. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. Berkeley. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. USA frank. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955.S. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. Environment and Safety (NEES). Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes. and nanobiomedical devices. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory.edu Chapter G. Switzerland. respectively.and Nanofabrication group. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. his work has focused on the development of micro.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University.gov Chapter H.msu. USA ldong@egr. mechanochemistry. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. and nanotubes. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. MA. During his tenure at the University of Colorado. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. .and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon.

UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. and joined IBM Research in 1986. in particular probe-storage techniques.ibm. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. topography and recognition imaging.fr Chapter A.edu Chapter A. Austria andreas. in 1984. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. and single molecule-force spectroscopy.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs.ibm.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. In January 2002. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. In 2005. in 1985. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy. . Chapter C. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. In 1997.ups-tlse.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. especially in carbon science. Canada. Germany anatol. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes. in 2007. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958.ebner@jku.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. USA millie@mgm. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography. and novel forms of carbon. Germany.com Chapter G. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. Switzerland drg@zurich. MA. His current research interests include nanotechnology. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees. tech. Dr. Switzerland ele@zurich. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. bismuth nanowires.fritsch@uni-leipzig. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology.mit. Currently he is working in Prof. Authors Urs T. Ottawa. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Zurich.de Chapter D. France flahaut@chimie. Abraham Prize Paper Award. low dimensional thermoelectricity. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux.

de Chapters C. Binnig and H. H. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. Germany.23. . Switzerland enrico. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). Rohrer. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). Germany franz. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. His research interests focus on nanotribology.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. Zurich in the group of G.gerber@unibas. C.de Chapter C. Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg. 1984–1985.giessibl@physik.gnecco@unibas.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics. the German Nanoscience Award 2000.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. Post doc with IBM Research Lab. Switzerland christoph. University of Basel. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy. Franz J. During the past 25 years. Germany. his research has been focused on nanoscale science.ch Chapter D. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg.ch Chapter B.uni-regensburg. 2000. Ludwigshafen. Switzerland. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework.

She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. Germany. two edited books. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. Austria hermann.edu Chapter C.de Chapter F. Gorb has authored three monographs. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. and reconstitution of biological interaction. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. University of Kiel. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. Harrison U. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. wear. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research. he is at the University of Linz. biomechanics. Stuttgart. Germany s.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology.31 Judith A. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. USA jah@usna. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. China.at Chapter C.gorb@mf. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. Germany. In 2000. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers.mpg. Institute of Organic Chemistry. structure. bioconjugation. MD. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. including the “Burt L. For the past 18 years.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N.edu Chapter D. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. such as indentation.27 Hermann J.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985). Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart. USA hafner@rice. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes.gruber@jku. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. Institute of Biophysics. in 1983. She received her BA from St.and Nanotribology”. TX. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. .S. Since then. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. physiology. Judith A. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. friction.

Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich.and Nanosystems. .ethz.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College. Supervisor DNA Technology. Michael J. ETH Zurich. Northwestern University. USA mjheller@ucsd.ch Chapter B.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Amoco. San Diego.and nanoscaled pressure sensors. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. Nanogen. 1993–2001. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. Korea in 1997 and 1999. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. respectively. Co-founder and CTO. Integrated DNA Technologies. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow.mavt.31 Dr. He focused on micro. Zurich. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California.heo@lamrc. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. Director Molecular Biology. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. 1976–1984. Ireland martin. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul.ie Chapter B.hegner@tcd.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). Co-founder and President.helbling@micro. Switzerland. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C. Dr. Switzerland thomas.com Chapter D. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology.edu Chapter B.13 Professor Michael J. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. Inc. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. Molecular Biosystems. Fremont. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. CA. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich.. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. 1984–1987. CA. 1987–1989. USA seongjun.

Dr. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope.D.hierold@micro. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe.mavt. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. M. Austria peter. and Ph. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST).de Chapter C. Austria. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS.hoelscher@imt. Before. Switzerland christofer. Germany. tech. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects.ethz.at Chapter C. Germany hendrik.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999. Since then he has been at the University of Linz.and Nanosystems. Inc.. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. CA.hokudai. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe.fzk. from the University of Linz.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Institute for Biophysics. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples.Sc. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces.com Chapter B. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster. Institute for Biophysics in 1992.ac. San Diego. TRANSDUCERS. USA dhodko@nanogen. Corporate Research. . He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich.13 Dr. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen. Hodko received his B. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. Japan hosoi@cris. Croatia. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging. he was eleven years with Siemens AG.jp Chapter C.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. Inc.hinterdorfer@jku.ch Chapter B. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J.Sc.

he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. Authors Douglas L. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification.ucsb.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM.edu Chapter D. APS Fellow. Douglas L. His research include nanomaterials.edu Chapter B. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California. University of Cambridge. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009. USA gjia@uci. Germany. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara.huebner1@web.31 Dr. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. USA jacob@engineering. NC. Guangyao Jia University of California. Jacob N. MRS Fellow. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department.edu Chapter C.de Chapter D. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. . In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. Germany katrin. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. Sungho Jin University of California. respectively. USA doug_irving@ncsu. CA. Irvine. CA. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. Germany. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. Ulm. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. CA. and received John Bardeen Award. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). electronic materials and biomaterials.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. UK. USA jin@ucsd.edu Chapter D.

. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics. France in 1994. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California.il Chapter C. Los Angeles in 2004. his attention has focused on two new areas.edu Chapter D. Belgium.kapon@weizmann. Ltd. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. France.edu Chapter H.com Chapter F. Belgium jourdain@imec. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. . Leuven. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland.D.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. In 2000. USA kahn@cwru. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. self-cleaning and low adhesion. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. ocular and cardiovascular systems. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. Cleveland. MA. He is currently a Ph. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing.be Chapter H. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. Ohio.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena. OH. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems. USA rdkamm@mit. In 1999.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University. Israel ruti. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. Korea yc423. France. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge.jung@samsung. Grenoble. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. More recently.ac. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques.

edu Chapter B. TX. USA hkido@uci. He then joined the Yonsei University.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation. from 2004 to 2005.Kiessling@uni-leipzig.kim@samsung. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. Seoul.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University.kr Chapter H.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. behavioural.de Chapter D. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. respectively.com Chapter B.ac. CA. Inc. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. molecular. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. Irvine. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis. Korea. His research interests are modeling. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. in 1999.de Chapter D.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. Germany Tobias. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC. Germany in 2007. CA. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. in 2004. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics.edu Chapter B. .36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul. South Korea kimjb@yonsei. USA jitaekim@uci. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. CA. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. Austin. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. Richmond. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. Germany. in 1997. Germany jkaes@physik. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. optics. South Korea nahui. design and fabrication of microsystems.. Berkeley.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine.uni-leipzig.

Germany. Germany. characterization. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. . With his group.41 Professor Dr. and nanoimprint lithography. After postdoctoral training at Caltech. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. Kleve. Germany. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF.edu Chapter C. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute.edu Chapter A. USA rlal@uchicago. Germany kerstin. de Chapter F. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken. Denmark anders.kristensen@nanotech. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. such as nanotubes and graphene. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar.kraus@inm-gmbh. Germany tobias. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich). Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. origin and functions of micro.de Chapter A. University of Copenhagen. microfluidics.koch@hochschule. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. FRET and related optical microscopy. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich. IL.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. including Time.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken.dk Chapter A.rhein-waal. Smithsonian and UPI. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. Switzerland. MA. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems.dtu. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. Her research interests lie in the synthesis. biological surfaces. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve.and nanostructures. USA jingkong@mit.

MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. As a postdoc.bwh. MA.edu Chapter D. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. Ohio.15 Dr. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. France laurent@chimie. Dr. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. localized growth.harvard. Germany.lang@unibas. teaching molecular. Boston. and since 1994. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. USA carmen. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. Since 2000. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT.ch Chapter B.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. hydrogen storage. In particular. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge. ceramic-matrix composites). He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. USA jlammerding@rics.35 Dr. . he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel.com Chapter D. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville. Switzerland hans-peter. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals.latorre@owenscorning. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. cellular. characterization. Cambridge. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr. OH. formation mechanisms.ups-tlse. and tissue biomechanics. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. MA. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors.3 Dr. Since 1996.fr Chapter A. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. His research include in the synthesis. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs.

biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. Dr. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices.edu Chapter B. Dr.16 Stephen C. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. USA aplee@uci.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. USA lee@bme.au Stephen C.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. SA. point-of-care diagnostics. Authors Wayne R. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). He served as editor of 4 books.ohio-state. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide.20 Abraham (Abe) P. Australia wayne.edu Chapter B. edited two special journal issues. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening. and is author of 5 book chapters. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. Chapter B. automated cell sorting technologies. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. OH. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. a DARPA-industry supported research center. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. Dr. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. South Australia. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. . CA.leifert@csiro. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal.

Marc J. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. including heat transfer. he has been with University of California. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. Since 1999. patents in the area of MEMS. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. USA lwlin@me. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department.edu Chapter H. His research interests are in design.. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978. . CA. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. solid/fluid mechanics. USA mmadou@uci. Lin joined the IBM T. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes.de Chapters C. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths. His current research is focused on life science.edu Chapter B. respectively. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. Hsinchu.32 Dr. Dr.S.4 Dr. CA. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). R. USA yming@us. and dynamics. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002.21. and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. Berkeley. D. National Taiwan University. respectively. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. in 1986. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery).com Chapter A. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine. Watson Research Center in 2003. Taiwan.O. China.ibm. Berkeley. Germany othmar. Belgium. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. micro/ nanosensors. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department.marti@uni-ulm.berkeley. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. Ghent. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T. NY.19 Dr. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. He is the holder of nine U.J. J. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley.C.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University. in 1991 and 1993. Dr. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.

Japan matsui@lasti.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992.jp Chapter A.u-hyogo. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. Inc. and NineSigma. Inc. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo. Durham. John A. FLX Micro.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. France) and Prof. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies.11. USA jack. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo. he worked at NEC Corporation. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. Since January 2003.tufts. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. Inc. Rogers at UIUC. USA mxm31@cwru. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. in particular for applications in harsh environments. MA.com Chapter A. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002.edu Chapter H. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. Inc.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. actuators. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation).martin@alumni. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990.edu Chapters A. including sensors. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. He held the George S. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. His research interests are in micro. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature.menard@semprius. respectively. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years. He has a PhD in Materials Science. B. OH. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo.ac. NC. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs. Electronics. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation.7 Dr. USA etienne. Etienne Menard Semprius. .

and cardiovascular disease. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. development and fabrication of microsystems. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. Mohammad Mofrad University of California.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa. Dr. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. Spain. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems.K.E. At present. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction.com Chapter H. reliability and price.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal.ch Chapter D. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. he has developed and taught several new courses.meyer@unibas. testing and characterization. France monthiou@cemes. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. Mohammad R.org. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. respectively. associated with B. biological transport phenomena. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. Berkeley.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. molecular cell biomechanics. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems. Iran. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow.edu Chapter D. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. . Dr.35 Dr. CA. Dr. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. Switzerland ernst. Smith and Professor D.fr Chapter A. Marc Monthioux CEMES . including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. USA mofrad@berkeley. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. At Berkeley. companies and universities. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction.

de Chapter C.jp Chapter C.osaka-u. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology). an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987.23 K. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. Mott spin detectors. WI.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. Sapporo.rwth-aachen. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. His research interests include spin-polarized STM.hokudai. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. Bradley J. Ltd.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Africa.eng.33. force control. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). exchange force microscopy. and NEMS.ac. sensor integration. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. Japan. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee. . Switzerland bnelson@ethz. MEMS (sensors and actuators). microassembly. capillary effects. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). Germany in 1996. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. In 1987 he moved to the university. and web-based control and programming of robots. biomicrorobotics. nanotribology.jp Chapter C. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions. magnetic force microscopy.ch Chapter G. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich.ac. He has achieved mapping. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. USA nosonovs@uwm. Japan smorita@ele. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich. self-organization and biomimetcs. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus.edu Chapters D. Since 1007. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. Germany mmorgens@physik. F. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. and nanorobotics. Japan mukasa@nano. and Professor at ETH in 2002.eng.

Dr. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university.kuleuven. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977.U. the Netherlands. Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K. At present. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University. he is as a Full Professor at the K. Leuven. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. Switzerland hap@zurich. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).23 Dr.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa.puers@esat. PA. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.com Chapter G.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. Eindhoven.com Chapter D. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK).fr Chapter A.45 Dr. After working with Philips Research. Philadelphia. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc. in 1998. .30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel.ksp. Leuven. France. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. Switzerland oliver. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse. His research encompasses the synthesis.ups-tlse. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach. MEMS and packaging techniques.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry.ac. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites.ibm.or. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors.be Chapter H. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques. Japan oni@net.pfeiffer@gmail. Belgium bob.jp Chapter C. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986. sensors. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry. Toulouse.U. France peigney@chimie.

He received the 3rd cycle degree. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables.edu Chapter A. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. arc-electrode interaction. In particular. Israel. in 1950.edu Chapter A. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. CA. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. where he has been since 1961. Liebmann Award in 1981. USA oded@umd. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse.2 Françisco M. France.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland. Rehovot. FL. Madagascar. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. and medical imaging technologies. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. He has received the IEEE Morris N.ac.edu Chapter C. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University. in 1982 and 1986. College Park. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. CA.il Chapter C. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. respectively. Since 2000. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. MA.reich@weizmann. Cambridge. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. USA fraymo@miami. Haifa. he has held the position of professor. He has worked on plasma diagnostics. Stanford. MD. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. Stanford University. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. sensing. Israel ziv. Toulouse. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. . protein energy landscapes.ups-tlse. Quate Stanford University Edward L. Dr. Françisco M.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. USA quate@stanford. France razafinimanana@cpat. Israel.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. Currently.25 Calvin F.fr Chapter A. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems.

USA jrogers@uiuc. IL. During his career.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002.harvard.mavt. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. Switzerland cosmin. USA marina_ruths@uml.D. with a specialization in computer science. MA.edu Chapter C. . 1995.jp Chapter C. in 1989.ethz.29 Dr.edu Chapter D. mechanics.edu Chapter A. Japan sasahara@jaist. Cambridge.ch Chapter B.roman@micro. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. USA sahin@rowland. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. MA. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. She received her Ph. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. Ankara. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. MA. CA. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. From MIT. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory. Dr.D. from the University of California. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Austin.About the Authors 1911 John A. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). respectively. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. From 1995 to 1997.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University. and liquid crystal systems. Her current research includes adhesion. Dr.10 Professor John A. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. polymer. His current research interests include transport phenomena.ac. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. MS. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana. and 1998.

i. self-assembly processes of organic molecules. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University. christian. Germany. Germany aschwarz@physnet.schift@psi.24 Udo D.9 Dr.schwarz@yale.ch Chapter A. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). USA udo. Germany christian.schulze@uni-leipzig.D.26 Dr.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro.de Chapter C. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg. Switzerland. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. on his PhD degree. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg.-Ing. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues.uni-hamburg.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. and performed his Ph. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs.de Chapter C.e. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. . nanoionics and nanotribology. Germany in 2006.edu Chapter C. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.schulze@beiersdorf. Switzerland helmut. Udo D. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM).24 Dr. Germany. After his graduation in 1994. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. Germany. University of Leipzig.de Chapter D. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. Germany. he joined PSI as a research staff member. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. France. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. . CT. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM).com. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques.

Dalian. in 2002 and 1998.com Chapter D. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. France philippe.3 Dr. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. USA huamei. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. Sunnyvale. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF).edu Chapter D.fr Chapter A.ufl.com Chapter A. WA. and holds 18 patents. respectively. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology.edu Chapter C.5 Dr. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. Dr. USA ssinn@mse. China. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse.shang@ge. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH. France.L. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. Susan B.31 Dr. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. USA solgaard@stanford. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis. California. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. He has authored more than 150 technical publications. Seattle.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. Toulouse. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. FL. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. . Ginzton Laboratory Stanford.serp@ensiacet. WI. design. Susan B. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. CA. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. CA.

.osaka-u.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. droplet metering and manipulation. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. Germany dan. In 2003. Taiwan. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka. Germany stueber@rz. Japan sueoka@nano. Germany in 2006.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications. magnetic nanoparticles. in 1993 and 1995.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University. and single electron transistor. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps.uni-leipzig. Berkeley. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure.nthu. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers.jp Chapter C.ac.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002.de Chapter D. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging.de Chapter D. and controlled drug delivery.strehle@uni-leipzig. Japan sugawara@ap. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. he joined the National Tsing Hua University. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.eng. . including protein crystallization. Hokkaido University.edu. Germany in 2006.tw Chapter H.ac. Taiwan. respectively.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department.jp Chapter C. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. In 2004. Taiwan ycsu@ess.isthokudai. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection.

MO. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. The Netherlands. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. San Diego. in 1999. with and without integrated active circuitry. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices. Louis. San Diego. Inc.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. W.com Chapter B. CA.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. CA. USA ytanster@gmail. Davis in 2004. The Netherlands. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. Inc. . Irvine.com Chapter B. USA steh@uci.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. The Netherlands spengen@physics. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. While in Irvine. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. CA. and drug delivery. USA pswanson@nexogentech.edu Chapter B. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS.13 Dr. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School.leidenuniv.nl Chapter H.20 Dr. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. he is at Leiden University. USA bdsulliv@TearLab. Currently. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois.com Chapter B. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. Engineering San Diego. Belgium. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee. CA. Louis.

wetzel@uni-leipzig.K. USA djy@po. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig.vettiger@unine. In 1995. respectively. Switzerland. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. Germany. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. together with G. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications.cwru. Dr. Germany.12 Darrin J. Binnig. Germany franziska. . he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999. Glennan 510 Cleveland. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel. Switzerland peter.com Chapter A. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. and at Kyoto University. in 2006. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method.ch Chapter G. In 1995. Japan.ibm. Young received his BS. Switzerland.de Chapter D. Switzerland hwo@zurich. biology. 1993.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. electronic and opto-electronic devices. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. nanofabrication. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. and 1999. in 2001. OH. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. MS. and probe storage applications.6 Dr. Darrin J.edu Chapter B. Since his retirement. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory.

Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. wafer bonding. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. In addition to teaching.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. and Sr. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. USA bziaie@purdue.. These include implantable wireless microsystems. respectively. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman.. 26 journal publications. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan.19 Dr. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications.edu Chapter B. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. five book chapters.edu Chapter A. Dr. Irvine in 1996.11. Dr. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development.edu Chapters A. Dr. Dr. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. Dr. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). OH. USA caz@case. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. Dr. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. IN. Dr.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. and 5 patents. Research Specialist at University of California. Dr. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films. CA.12 Christian A. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. B. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. He has published over 120 technical papers. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control. USA jzoval@saddleback. biomimetic sensors and actuators. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. Since January 2005. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. Authors Christian A. Sr. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. . Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. Jim V. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS).

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