1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

5 Dr. WA. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999).edu Chapter A. USA gzcao@u. and hydrogen storage.edu Chapter D. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. He has published over 250 refereed papers.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. marcie@bandgap. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. both in Chemistry. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988.4 Dr. USA brenner@ncsu. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending.edu. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. She earned her BS. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. Donald W.fr Chapter A. MA. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory). MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). France. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. lithium-ion batteries. WA. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. NC. Before joining Bandgap. Dr.com Chapter A. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China).1890 About the Authors Marcie R. Raleigh. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept. supercapacitors. State University in 1987. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc.mit. USA marcie@alum. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. France broto@lncmp.washington. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). Waltham. China. Authors Donald W. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987.31 Dr. Currently. Seattle. . Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems.

In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University.O. Right after graduation. His research interests include nanomaterials. USA. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering.ubc. Hsinchu. Taiwan ichen@ncu. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Taiwan. San Diego. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. He is a member of IEEE. San Diego in 2007. Dr. Particularly. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications.edu. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. Inc. USA in 2002. ytcheng@mail.45 Dr. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices.tw Chapter H. Dr. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. Canada muchiao@mech. More recently. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver.ibm. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. R.nctu.edu. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications.ca Chapter H. in 1986. Ann Arbor. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. Yorktown Heights. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. and Phi Tau Phi.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University.C.tw Chapter C. Pittsburgh. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996.com Chapter G.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. in 2000. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI). SoP. In 2006. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. Watson Research Center. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. respectively. .52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. PA. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. IOP. Canada. Switzerland cbi@zurich.

He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Alex D. Ithaca. friction. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh.cmu. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation. bioelectronics. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS).1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna.48 Maarten P. USA mpdebo@andrew. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University. Maarten P. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. His background is in optics. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. PA. USA choi@ece. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque.au Chapter B. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996. NY.edu Chapter B. San Diego. USA corwin@ge. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability. Middletown. USA dehlinger1@llnl. respectively. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. South Australia. in 1998 and 2002. and mechanical properties.cooper@csiro. nanomaterial-based biosensors. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems.com Chapter H.gov Chapter B. and bioMEMS components and systems. Additionally. Australia tamara. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. NY. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. CA. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. SA. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. from 1996 to 2007.13 Dr.edu Chapter H. . CT. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. MEMS.lsu. Authors Tamara H.48 Alex D. PA. and nanofabrication techniques. Baton Rouge. LA.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. NM. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. LA. as Associate Professor in 2007.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion.

on Automation Science and Engineering. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8. Berkeley. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California.ibm. Switzerland.delrio@nist.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. His main research interests include nanorobotics. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. USA ldong@egr. both of Mechanical Engineering. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). MD. in 1996.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. MD. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. and nanotubes. and nanobiomedical devices. MI. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy.About the Authors 1893 Frank W. Environment and Safety (NEES).edu Chapter G.com Chapter G.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. his work has focused on the development of micro. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing.edu Chapter A. During his tenure at the University of Colorado.mit. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. nanowires.msu. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans.gov Chapter H. USA gene@mgm. MA. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro.S. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. USA frank. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. mechanochemistry. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. mechatronics. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995.and Nanofabrication group. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. respectively. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory.48 Frank W. CA. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. In 2005. University of Neuchâtel. Switzerland dpt@zurich. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992. .

com Chapter G.edu Chapter A. in 1985. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Switzerland drg@zurich. Switzerland ele@zurich.ibm. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes. topography and recognition imaging. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. and single molecule-force spectroscopy.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. bismuth nanowires.ebner@jku. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography. Zurich. USA millie@mgm. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. . Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr.mit.de Chapter D. Abraham Prize Paper Award. Chapter C. His current research interests include nanotechnology. low dimensional thermoelectricity. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics.ibm.ups-tlse. Canada. Currently he is working in Prof. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. In 2005. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. Austria andreas.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University. in particular probe-storage techniques.fritsch@uni-leipzig. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. Germany anatol. and joined IBM Research in 1986. In 1997. in 1984. Ottawa.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. MA. especially in carbon science. Germany.fr Chapter A. and novel forms of carbon. Authors Urs T. in 2007. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs. Dr. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. tech.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. In January 2002. France flahaut@chimie.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.

Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg. .25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. 2000.ch Chapter D. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. the German Nanoscience Award 2000. University of Basel. Zurich in the group of G. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields.de Chapter C. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. Ludwigshafen. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). C.gerber@unibas. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework.giessibl@physik. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. Binnig and H. Franz J. His research interests focus on nanotribology. Switzerland. Post doc with IBM Research Lab. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. Switzerland christoph. During the past 25 years.gnecco@unibas. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. 1984–1985. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. H.de Chapters C. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. Switzerland enrico.23. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. Germany. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences. Germany franz.ch Chapter B. Rohrer. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. his research has been focused on nanoscale science.uni-regensburg. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. Germany.

Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. . Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. MD.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N.S. TX. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. China. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. University of Kiel.at Chapter C. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. in 1983. Harrison U. wear. two edited books. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems.edu Chapter D. Germany. Judith A. Institute of Biophysics. Gorb has authored three monographs. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. friction. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. USA hafner@rice. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. Austria hermann.de Chapter F. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials.gruber@jku.mpg. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev.and Nanotribology”. such as indentation. Institute of Organic Chemistry. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. Stuttgart. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. biomechanics. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. and reconstitution of biological interaction. In 2000. Germany s. She received her BA from St. USA jah@usna. bioconjugation. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy.gorb@mf. structure. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. physiology. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985).31 Judith A. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants.edu Chapter C. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. Since then. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart. including the “Burt L. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. he is at the University of Linz. Germany.27 Hermann J. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. For the past 18 years. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics.

His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp. Co-founder and CTO. USA seongjun. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. 1993–2001.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. respectively. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. Co-founder and President. Michael J. USA mjheller@ucsd. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. Molecular Biosystems. ETH Zurich. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. Supervisor DNA Technology.and Nanosystems. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. 1987–1989.13 Professor Michael J. CA.ie Chapter B.and nanoscaled pressure sensors. San Diego. CA. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow.31 Dr. Amoco.ethz. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. Korea in 1997 and 1999. . 1984–1987.ch Chapter B. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. 1976–1984. Zurich. Director Molecular Biology. Switzerland thomas.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. Ireland martin. Integrated DNA Technologies..heo@lamrc.hegner@tcd.com Chapter D. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973.edu Chapter B.helbling@micro. Dr. Switzerland. Northwestern University.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. Fremont. He focused on micro.mavt. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology. Inc. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C. Nanogen.

D. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.Sc. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS. Hodko received his B. TRANSDUCERS.ch Chapter B.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg.hierold@micro. Before. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects.de Chapter C. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen.ac.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. Inc. .jp Chapter C. Austria peter. tech. Japan hosoi@cris. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. Institute for Biophysics.fzk. Switzerland christofer. Germany hendrik. Croatia.mavt. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Dr.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen. Institute for Biophysics in 1992. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J.hoelscher@imt. Germany. USA dhodko@nanogen.at Chapter C. Inc. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido. he was eleven years with Siemens AG.com Chapter B.13 Dr.Sc.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002.. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces.and Nanosystems.ethz. Corporate Research. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. and Ph. from the University of Linz.hinterdorfer@jku. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems.hokudai.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). Austria. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. M. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. CA. San Diego.

USA jacob@engineering. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department.de Chapter D.edu Chapter D. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara. CA. electronic materials and biomaterials. Irvine.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. and received John Bardeen Award. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. Authors Douglas L.edu Chapter C. USA doug_irving@ncsu. CA. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm. University of Cambridge. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University.edu Chapter D. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification.edu Chapter B. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. Ulm. USA jin@ucsd.ucsb. APS Fellow. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla.31 Dr.huebner1@web. Germany katrin. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. NC. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. MRS Fellow. CA. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. Jacob N.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. UK. respectively. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Sungho Jin University of California. Germany. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. Douglas L. Germany. His research include nanomaterials.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. . and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. USA gjia@uci. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. Guangyao Jia University of California. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods.

A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena. Ltd.D. Cleveland. France. France. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems.il Chapter C. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity.com Chapter F.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. self-cleaning and low adhesion.be Chapter H.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. Israel ruti. OH.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. In 2000. Korea yc423. France in 1994. .ac. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. MA. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.kapon@weizmann. USA kahn@cwru. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group.jung@samsung. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics. Los Angeles in 2004. ocular and cardiovascular systems. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ohio.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University. Belgium jourdain@imec. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. Leuven. his attention has focused on two new areas. More recently. USA rdkamm@mit. He is currently a Ph. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques.edu Chapter D.edu Chapter H. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. Belgium.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.. Grenoble. In 1999. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine.

edu Chapter B. optics.edu Chapter B. . Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. in 1999. South Korea nahui. Austin. Germany jkaes@physik. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering.. His research interests are modeling. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. in 1997. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University. Richmond. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. respectively.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry.ac. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis.kim@samsung.kr Chapter H. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation. molecular. Germany in 2007.uni-leipzig. behavioural.com Chapter B. Korea. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. from 2004 to 2005. CA. Seoul. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. USA jitaekim@uci. Berkeley.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. USA hkido@uci. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Inc. Irvine. CA. He then joined the Yonsei University.de Chapter D. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.Kiessling@uni-leipzig.de Chapter D. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. Germany Tobias.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. CA. South Korea kimjb@yonsei. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001. TX. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy. in 2004. design and fabrication of microsystems. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. Germany.

41 Professor Dr. Her research interests lie in the synthesis. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices.dk Chapter A.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. With his group. MA. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. FRET and related optical microscopy. characterization. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar.edu Chapter C. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. USA rlal@uchicago. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes).de Chapter A. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales. IL. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. Germany kerstin. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles.edu Chapter A. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma.kraus@inm-gmbh.koch@hochschule. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute. University of Copenhagen. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. Germany. Kleve.rhein-waal.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. biological surfaces. Denmark anders.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems. de Chapter F. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich).kristensen@nanotech. such as nanotubes and graphene. origin and functions of micro. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. microfluidics. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. Germany tobias. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB.dtu. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. Germany. and nanoimprint lithography. Switzerland. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. USA jingkong@mit. Germany. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich.and nanostructures. including Time. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken. . After postdoctoral training at Caltech. Smithsonian and UPI.

Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs. Switzerland hans-peter. As a postdoc. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. USA jlammerding@rics. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. USA carmen.ch Chapter B. he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. Germany. France laurent@chimie. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development.lang@unibas. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.latorre@owenscorning. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. OH. MA. MA. localized growth. and since 1994. Since 1996. characterization. cellular.edu Chapter D. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Ohio. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge. Cambridge. Since 2000.com Chapter D. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse.3 Dr.ups-tlse. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. His research include in the synthesis.15 Dr.35 Dr. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. Dr. In particular. formation mechanisms.bwh. Boston.harvard. hydrogen storage.fr Chapter A. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. and tissue biomechanics. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr. ceramic-matrix composites). in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. teaching molecular. .

and is author of 5 book chapters. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). Dr. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening.16 Stephen C. He served as editor of 4 books.edu Chapter B. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry.leifert@csiro. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. Chapter B. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. USA aplee@uci. Australia wayne. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal. point-of-care diagnostics. Authors Wayne R. USA lee@bme. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. Dr. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. South Australia. Dr.edu Chapter B. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. OH. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. edited two special journal issues. automated cell sorting technologies. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors.au Stephen C. CA. SA.ohio-state. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. . and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. a DARPA-industry supported research center.20 Abraham (Abe) P. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002.

About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley.C.ibm. D. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine. Berkeley. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. His research interests are in design. Marc J. Germany othmar. China. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. J. in 1991 and 1993.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University.S. patents in the area of MEMS. including heat transfer. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999.32 Dr. solid/fluid mechanics.J. Belgium. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes. Taiwan. he has been with University of California. Hsinchu. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics.4 Dr. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. Since 1999. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. CA. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. His current research is focused on life science. National Taiwan University. Dr. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. R. micro/ nanosensors. He is the holder of nine U. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. Watson Research Center in 2003.21. Dr. USA lwlin@me. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department.. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T.edu Chapter B. NY. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. in 1986. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. Lin joined the IBM T. USA mmadou@uci. and dynamics. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996. .com Chapter A. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. USA yming@us. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery). and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths. respectively.edu Chapter H.de Chapters C. Berkeley. respectively.berkeley. Ghent.19 Dr.marti@uni-ulm. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department. CA.O.

and NineSigma. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000.edu Chapters A. MA. FLX Micro. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).com Chapter A.menard@semprius. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature.martin@alumni. USA mxm31@cwru. Inc. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. Inc. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius.jp Chapter A.ac. USA etienne. USA jack. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department.11. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo. He held the George S. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. . Inc. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. Etienne Menard Semprius. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Japan matsui@lasti. NC. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981.tufts.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). including sensors. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS.7 Dr.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. Inc. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. Rogers at UIUC. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. B. respectively. Durham. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies. Since January 2003. His research interests are in micro. in particular for applications in harsh environments.edu Chapter H. John A. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. he worked at NEC Corporation. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). Electronics. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. actuators. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY. France) and Prof.u-hyogo. OH. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992. He has a PhD in Materials Science.

he has developed and taught several new courses. CA.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. USA mofrad@berkeley. At present. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. Berkeley. development and fabrication of microsystems. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue.K. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. Smith and Professor D. Mohammad Mofrad University of California. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. and cardiovascular disease. respectively. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. Mohammad R. Iran. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa.com Chapter H.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems.edu Chapter D. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. Dr. molecular cell biomechanics. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. At Berkeley. reliability and price.meyer@unibas. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. France monthiou@cemes. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology. companies and universities.ch Chapter D. testing and characterization.35 Dr. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. Dr. Spain. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction.E.fr Chapter A. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. associated with B. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. Switzerland ernst. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. .3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. Dr.org. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Marc Monthioux CEMES .About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. biological transport phenomena.

he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology). In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices.23 K. Africa. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. USA nosonovs@uwm.ch Chapter G. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation.eng.ac. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. Germany mmorgens@physik. Sapporo. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich.eng. His research interests include spin-polarized STM. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana.ac.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Switzerland bnelson@ethz.jp Chapter C. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). His research interests include surface and contact mechanics.de Chapter C. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. and Professor at ETH in 2002. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions.hokudai. microassembly. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. Germany in 1996. Bradley J. exchange force microscopy. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987. Japan smorita@ele. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee.osaka-u. . WI. and NEMS. magnetic force microscopy. and web-based control and programming of robots. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. In 1987 he moved to the university. sensor integration. Since 1007. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. force control.33. self-organization and biomimetcs. MEMS (sensors and actuators). Mott spin detectors.rwth-aachen. Japan. capillary effects. nanotribology. Ltd. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. Japan mukasa@nano. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University. F.jp Chapter C. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland).23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. He has achieved mapping. and nanorobotics. biomicrorobotics.edu Chapters D. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist.

on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies. Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven.or.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes.puers@esat. Switzerland oliver. His research encompasses the synthesis. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. MEMS and packaging techniques. Belgium bob. Philadelphia. Eindhoven.U. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK). Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University.com Chapter D.23 Dr. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974. After working with Philips Research.U.ups-tlse. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques. France. Japan oni@net. PA. France peigney@chimie. in 1998. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977. the Netherlands. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. Leuven. At present.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa. Leuven.pfeiffer@gmail.45 Dr. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample.ibm. Switzerland hap@zurich.com Chapter G. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel. Toulouse.kuleuven. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach.fr Chapter A. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986. sensors.ac. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. . From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K. he is as a Full Professor at the K. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry.be Chapter H. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.jp Chapter C. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors.ksp. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. Dr. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry.

He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. Israel.edu Chapter C. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. Liebmann Award in 1981.fr Chapter A. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. and medical imaging technologies.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. USA oded@umd. Françisco M. Israel. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. In particular.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. he has held the position of professor. FL. He has worked on plasma diagnostics. He has received the IEEE Morris N. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992.ac. Since 2000. Stanford University. Cambridge. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University.ups-tlse. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems. Toulouse. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. France. respectively. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University.reich@weizmann. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. Haifa.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. MA. MD.25 Calvin F. protein energy landscapes. USA fraymo@miami. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences.edu Chapter A. CA. College Park. Rehovot. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. France razafinimanana@cpat. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. He received the 3rd cycle degree. in 1982 and 1986. arc-electrode interaction. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. USA quate@stanford. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science.edu Chapter A. where he has been since 1961. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000.2 Françisco M. Dr.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. Israel ziv. Stanford. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. sensing. Madagascar.il Chapter C. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Quate Stanford University Edward L. in 1950. . Currently. CA.

D. She received her Ph. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. with a specialization in computer science. respectively. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. Japan sasahara@jaist. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University.jp Chapter C. friction and nanorheology of surfactant.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research.edu Chapter D. His current research interests include transport phenomena.ethz. and 1998.29 Dr.About the Authors 1911 John A. mechanics. USA jrogers@uiuc. MA. MA. From 1995 to 1997. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. from the University of California. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG).edu Chapter A. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS.roman@micro. USA marina_ruths@uml. From MIT. Austin. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory.ch Chapter B.mavt. During his career.edu Chapter C. Dr.D. Dr. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. MA. Cambridge. Her current research includes adhesion. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. IL. in 1989.ac. Switzerland cosmin.harvard. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. CA.10 Professor John A. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. USA sahin@rowland. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. 1995. . polymer. MS. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana. and liquid crystal systems. Ankara.

He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. USA udo. CT. and performed his Ph. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues. nanoionics and nanotribology. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. Udo D.schift@psi.26 Dr. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro.D. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM). Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. Germany aschwarz@physnet.de Chapter C. Germany christian. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. Germany.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. Germany. Switzerland helmut. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. Germany. i. Germany in 2006. University of Leipzig. on his PhD degree. Switzerland. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg.24 Dr.de Chapter C. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. France. Germany. self-assembly processes of organic molecules. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM).schulze@uni-leipzig.schulze@beiersdorf. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques.uni-hamburg.-Ing.e.9 Dr. christian. .de Chapter D.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen. he joined PSI as a research staff member. After his graduation in 1994. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.schwarz@yale.ch Chapter A. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009.com. . Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002.24 Udo D.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy.edu Chapter C.

in 2002 and 1998. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. USA ssinn@mse. He has authored more than 150 technical publications. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. Susan B. USA solgaard@stanford.shang@ge. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. WA. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. FL. and holds 18 patents. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000.L. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis.31 Dr.fr Chapter A. California.3 Dr. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. Sunnyvale. France.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. USA huamei. France philippe. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst.5 Dr. Toulouse. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee.com Chapter D. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington.edu Chapter D. CA. WI. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. respectively. CA. Susan B. China.ufl. Seattle. design.com Chapter A. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. . He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995.edu Chapter C. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. Dalian. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship.serp@ensiacet. Dr.

His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging.isthokudai.edu. Germany in 2006. Taiwan. magnetic nanoparticles. Germany stueber@rz. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers. Taiwan ycsu@ess. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo.strehle@uni-leipzig. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. and controlled drug delivery. respectively.ac. .1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California. Japan sueoka@nano. Hokkaido University.de Chapter D.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure. Germany in 2006. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors.ac.uni-leipzig. Berkeley.jp Chapter C.nthu. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. Taiwan. in 1993 and 1995. Germany dan.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level. and single electron transistor. droplet metering and manipulation.de Chapter D.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology.jp Chapter C. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps..tw Chapter H.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University. In 2003. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.osaka-u. In 2004.eng. Japan sugawara@ap. including protein crystallization. he joined the National Tsing Hua University.

Louis.edu Chapter B. .com Chapter B.13 Dr. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays.com Chapter B.leidenuniv. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. and drug delivery. USA ytanster@gmail. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. Engineering San Diego. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays.com Chapter B. San Diego. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. Irvine.20 Dr. W.nl Chapter H. USA pswanson@nexogentech. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois. USA bdsulliv@TearLab. Currently.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. with and without integrated active circuitry. While in Irvine. The Netherlands. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. Louis. MO. The Netherlands. CA. San Diego. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. CA. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. Davis in 2004.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. The Netherlands spengen@physics. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. Belgium. Inc. USA steh@uci. in 1999. he is at Leiden University. CA. Inc. CA. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden.

Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. Switzerland.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. Switzerland hwo@zurich. and at Kyoto University. In 1995. nanofabrication. Switzerland peter. electronic and opto-electronic devices. together with G.12 Darrin J.edu Chapter B. OH. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. Switzerland.cwru. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz.wetzel@uni-leipzig. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. Germany. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. and probe storage applications. USA djy@po. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology. in 2006. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. In 1995. Glennan 510 Cleveland. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. biology. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. Dr.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method.K. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. Japan.com Chapter A. MS. Germany franziska.ch Chapter G. and 1999. Since his retirement. Germany.6 Dr. Young received his BS. Darrin J. respectively.de Chapter D. 1993. . Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. Binnig.ibm. in 2001. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers.vettiger@unine. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel.

Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. respectively. Dr. .. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor.edu Chapter B. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. Dr. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). Research Specialist at University of California. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. He has published over 120 technical papers. Dr. 26 journal publications. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988.11. OH.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc.19 Dr. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. biomimetic sensors and actuators. Since January 2005. Dr. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. Irvine in 1996. In addition to teaching. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan.edu Chapters A. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. CA. and Sr.edu Chapter A. IN. Dr.12 Christian A. These include implantable wireless microsystems. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. Dr. USA jzoval@saddleback. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. five book chapters. Authors Christian A. Sr. Jim V. and 5 patents. Dr. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. B. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control.. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. USA caz@case. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. wafer bonding. USA bziaie@purdue. Dr. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc.

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com/978-3-642-02524-2 .http://www.springer.