1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

edu. lithium-ion batteries. NC. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. Donald W. both in Chemistry. China. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. and hydrogen storage. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). State University in 1987.1890 About the Authors Marcie R. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). Before joining Bandgap. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. WA. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory).31 Dr. . Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. USA gzcao@u. Raleigh. France. She earned her BS. USA marcie@alum. marcie@bandgap.edu Chapter A. He has published over 250 refereed papers.washington.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. Seattle.4 Dr. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. Currently. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. Dr. Authors Donald W. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending.edu Chapter D. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). WA. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China).5 Dr. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. France broto@lncmp. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. supercapacitors.fr Chapter A. USA brenner@ncsu. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc.com Chapter A.mit. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept. MA. Waltham.

ubc. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. Particularly. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. Switzerland cbi@zurich. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. . working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE.com Chapter G. in 2000. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. Taiwan ichen@ncu. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. USA. He is a member of IEEE. Taiwan.O. Dr. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. and Phi Tau Phi. His research interests include nanomaterials. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices.edu. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California.45 Dr. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. in 1986.ca Chapter H.C. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI). Ann Arbor. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.ibm. SoP. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Hsinchu. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). Right after graduation. Inc. In 2006. Watson Research Center. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. San Diego. Dr. ytcheng@mail.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. R. USA in 2002. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. respectively. Canada. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University.tw Chapter C.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley.nctu.edu. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. Yorktown Heights. Pittsburgh. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. PA. Canada muchiao@mech. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. More recently. IOP.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators.tw Chapter H. San Diego in 2007. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications.

PA. respectively. from 1996 to 2007.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996.lsu. as Associate Professor in 2007. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. and nanofabrication techniques. SA. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. and bioMEMS components and systems. LA. . studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems.com Chapter H. Australia tamara.13 Dr. USA choi@ece. NM. in 1998 and 2002. Middletown. PA.48 Maarten P.edu Chapter B. CT. Alex D. CA. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors.gov Chapter B. Additionally. Baton Rouge. South Australia. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna. LA. friction. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. MEMS. USA dehlinger1@llnl. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion. Ithaca. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. His background is in optics. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. and mechanical properties.cooper@csiro.48 Alex D.cmu. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. nanomaterial-based biosensors. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. USA mpdebo@andrew. NY. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability. Authors Tamara H. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. San Diego. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. Maarten P.au Chapter B. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. bioelectronics. USA corwin@ge.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide.edu Chapter H. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. NY.

45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995.mit. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008. mechatronics. During his tenure at the University of Colorado.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. on Automation Science and Engineering. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. MA. Switzerland dpt@zurich. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. nanowires. and nanotubes. CA. Berkeley. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy.and Nanofabrication group. USA gene@mgm.gov Chapter H. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory.S. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8.edu Chapter G.edu Chapter A.ibm. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. Environment and Safety (NEES). . MD. Switzerland.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. and nanobiomedical devices. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. respectively. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999.com Chapter G. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore.About the Authors 1893 Frank W.msu. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. mechanochemistry. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. USA ldong@egr. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg. USA frank. his work has focused on the development of micro.delrio@nist.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. both of Mechanical Engineering. MD. in 1996. In 2005. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992. University of Neuchâtel. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. His main research interests include nanorobotics.48 Frank W. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. MI. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg.

He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. low dimensional thermoelectricity.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. Austria andreas. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G.edu Chapter A. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. topography and recognition imaging.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. especially in carbon science.fr Chapter A.fritsch@uni-leipzig. tech.de Chapter D. bismuth nanowires.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. and joined IBM Research in 1986. Germany anatol. Authors Urs T. In January 2002. and novel forms of carbon.ibm. in 2007. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. Switzerland ele@zurich. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux. Canada.mit. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz. Abraham Prize Paper Award.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. MA. In 1997.com Chapter G. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs. Currently he is working in Prof. France flahaut@chimie. Dr. Zurich. in 1984. in 1985. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. In 2005. . Chapter C. Germany.ebner@jku. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. and single molecule-force spectroscopy.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs.ibm. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University.ups-tlse. His current research interests include nanotechnology.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy. Ottawa. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography. in particular probe-storage techniques. USA millie@mgm. Switzerland drg@zurich. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes.

Post doc with IBM Research Lab.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster.gerber@unibas.23. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. Binnig and H. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. C.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. Switzerland. University of Basel. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. 1984–1985. Ludwigshafen. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. H. During the past 25 years. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics.giessibl@physik. Franz J. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). Rohrer.gnecco@unibas. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel.ch Chapter B. the German Nanoscience Award 2000. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. Germany. his research has been focused on nanoscale science. His research interests focus on nanotribology. Germany franz. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). Zurich in the group of G.uni-regensburg. Switzerland enrico. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. . He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy. Switzerland christoph. Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences.de Chapter C.de Chapters C. 2000.ch Chapter D. Germany.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof.

more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. bioconjugation. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. two edited books. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology.at Chapter C. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. such as indentation. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. For the past 18 years. She received her BA from St. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. he is at the University of Linz. structure. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. Harrison U. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. including the “Burt L. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. Institute of Biophysics. biomechanics.mpg. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis.de Chapter F. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. MD. Germany. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. friction. . she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award.gorb@mf. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. Germany.edu Chapter C. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. Gorb has authored three monographs. Institute of Organic Chemistry. Stuttgart. Germany s.31 Judith A.27 Hermann J. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials.gruber@jku.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart.edu Chapter D. wear. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. USA jah@usna.and Nanotribology”. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. University of Kiel. USA hafner@rice. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985). TX. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. Judith A. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. Austria hermann. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. China. physiology. In 2000. Since then.S. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. and reconstitution of biological interaction. in 1983.

14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. Amoco. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. Korea in 1997 and 1999. 1984–1987. San Diego.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College.and Nanosystems. Northwestern University. Supervisor DNA Technology.ie Chapter B. CA.ch Chapter B. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C. 1976–1984. Michael J. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. Co-founder and CTO. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology.31 Dr. Inc. Zurich. USA seongjun.heo@lamrc. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow. Director Molecular Biology. respectively.13 Professor Michael J. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. Molecular Biosystems.helbling@micro. Ireland martin. Co-founder and President. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. ETH Zurich. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005.hegner@tcd. Nanogen.com Chapter D. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. Integrated DNA Technologies. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. Switzerland. . Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). CA.ethz.mavt.. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. Switzerland thomas. Fremont. Dr. 1993–2001. 1987–1989. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.edu Chapter B. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro.and nanoscaled pressure sensors. USA mjheller@ucsd. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. He focused on micro.

14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro. from the University of Linz.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen.D.and Nanosystems. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro. where he holds a position as Associate Professor.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). Dr. Switzerland christofer. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia.at Chapter C. tech. Inc. Institute for Biophysics in 1992. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich. Germany hendrik. and Ph. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.mavt. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe.hoelscher@imt.hierold@micro. Corporate Research.. Croatia. USA dhodko@nanogen. San Diego. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. he was eleven years with Siemens AG. Austria peter. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido. TRANSDUCERS.com Chapter B.ethz. Japan hosoi@cris. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb. Hodko received his B.ch Chapter B. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). Before.Sc.13 Dr.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. .jp Chapter C. Austria. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002.ac.fzk. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. Institute for Biophysics. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. CA. M.hinterdorfer@jku. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging.de Chapter C. Germany. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen.hokudai. Inc.Sc. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS.

He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009. USA jin@ucsd. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. University of Cambridge. CA. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department.ucsb.huebner1@web.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. Authors Douglas L.edu Chapter C. electronic materials and biomaterials. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. CA. Guangyao Jia University of California.31 Dr. CA. Germany. Douglas L. respectively. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification.de Chapter D. USA gjia@uci. MRS Fellow. USA doug_irving@ncsu. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. USA jacob@engineering.edu Chapter B. Germany katrin.edu Chapter D. Ulm. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986).About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. Jacob N.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. UK. NC. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. His research include nanomaterials. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. and received John Bardeen Award. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. APS Fellow. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm.edu Chapter D. He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. Germany. Sungho Jin University of California. Irvine. . Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department.

Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques. Ltd. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. In 1999. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. ocular and cardiovascular systems. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena. self-cleaning and low adhesion.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. his attention has focused on two new areas. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. Belgium jourdain@imec. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is currently a Ph. Belgium. Grenoble. MA.be Chapter H.jung@samsung. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems. These works have led to over 160 journal publications.D. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory.il Chapter C. USA kahn@cwru. More recently.com Chapter F. .35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. In 2000. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. Israel ruti. Leuven. France. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland.kapon@weizmann.edu Chapter H. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. Cleveland. Korea yc423. OH. Ohio.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. Los Angeles in 2004. France. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA.. France in 1994. USA rdkamm@mit. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics.edu Chapter D.ac. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën.

edu Chapter B. Korea.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. from 2004 to 2005. CA. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. behavioural. He then joined the Yonsei University. CA. Irvine. Berkeley. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. design and fabrication of microsystems. in 1999. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering.uni-leipzig.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine.kr Chapter H. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. Richmond. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001.de Chapter D.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. Germany in 2007.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University. South Korea nahui. Germany. USA hkido@uci. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics. in 2004. CA. Austin..kim@samsung. respectively.ac. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul. optics. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology.Kiessling@uni-leipzig. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. South Korea kimjb@yonsei.com Chapter B. Germany Tobias. USA jitaekim@uci. Inc.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC.edu Chapter B. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. in 1997. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. molecular. Seoul. TX. . Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. Germany jkaes@physik.de Chapter D. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. His research interests are modeling.

USA rlal@uchicago. microfluidics. IL. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. FRET and related optical microscopy. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. MA. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. Switzerland. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001.dk Chapter A. After postdoctoral training at Caltech. USA jingkong@mit. .rhein-waal. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media.edu Chapter A. Smithsonian and UPI. biological surfaces.edu Chapter C.kristensen@nanotech. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. Germany. de Chapter F. Germany tobias. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby.koch@hochschule. including Time. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich). Kleve. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. University of Copenhagen. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken.41 Professor Dr. Her research interests lie in the synthesis.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994.de Chapter A.and nanostructures. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. With his group. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine. Germany kerstin. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. such as nanotubes and graphene. Denmark anders. characterization. origin and functions of micro.kraus@inm-gmbh.dtu. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales. Germany. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. Germany. and nanoimprint lithography.

ch Chapter B. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel.edu Chapter D. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs.com Chapter D. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. and tissue biomechanics. As a postdoc. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites.15 Dr. he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. formation mechanisms. MA. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr.3 Dr. localized growth. USA carmen.latorre@owenscorning. Germany. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. characterization. cellular. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.harvard.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge. and since 1994. France laurent@chimie. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville.bwh. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. Since 1996.ups-tlse. Ohio. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. Boston. Since 2000. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT.35 Dr. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College.fr Chapter A. . teaching molecular. Cambridge. His research include in the synthesis. OH. Dr. Switzerland hans-peter. ceramic-matrix composites).lang@unibas.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. In particular. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. USA jlammerding@rics. hydrogen storage. MA. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

USA aplee@uci. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. Dr. Australia wayne. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. and is author of 5 book chapters. Dr. a DARPA-industry supported research center. USA lee@bme.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide.16 Stephen C. CA. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine.au Stephen C. . and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). point-of-care diagnostics. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. Chapter B. South Australia. OH. Dr.leifert@csiro. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. edited two special journal issues.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center.edu Chapter B. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. Authors Wayne R. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. He has given more than 100 invited presentations.20 Abraham (Abe) P. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. He served as editor of 4 books. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. automated cell sorting technologies. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry.edu Chapter B. SA.ohio-state. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats.

solid/fluid mechanics. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications.32 Dr.edu Chapter H. CA. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine. D. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002. Belgium. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department.C.J. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes.ibm. Marc J. USA mmadou@uci. Germany othmar. patents in the area of MEMS. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. in 1991 and 1993. respectively. Taiwan. He is the holder of nine U.berkeley.21. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996. Dr. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. J. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths. Ghent. Berkeley. Watson Research Center in 2003. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department.. respectively. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. USA lwlin@me.com Chapter A. and dynamics. Dr.S.4 Dr. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. USA yming@us. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978. . Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T.marti@uni-ulm. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. Since 1999. R. CA. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center.edu Chapter B. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials.de Chapters C. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery). and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. NY. including heat transfer. Hsinchu. in 1986. Lin joined the IBM T.19 Dr. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University. China. Berkeley. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices. National Taiwan University. His current research is focused on life science.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. micro/ nanosensors.O. he has been with University of California. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. His research interests are in design. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). Inc. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. USA jack. Rogers at UIUC.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. He held the George S.tufts. He has a PhD in Materials Science.martin@alumni. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). he worked at NEC Corporation. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. Japan matsui@lasti. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984.u-hyogo.edu Chapter H. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY.menard@semprius. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris.11. NC. France) and Prof. MA. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. OH. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. Electronics. Since January 2003.com Chapter A. respectively. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. including sensors.7 Dr. John A. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies. actuators. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo.ac. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. Durham.edu Chapters A. Inc. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. B. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. USA mxm31@cwru. in particular for applications in harsh environments. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. FLX Micro. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer.jp Chapter A. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. and NineSigma. . USA etienne. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). Inc. Etienne Menard Semprius. His research interests are in micro. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. Inc. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs.

including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design.35 Dr. associated with B.meyer@unibas. respectively.com Chapter H. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto. testing and characterization. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. molecular cell biomechanics. Iran. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. Spain rmodlinski@gmx.org. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. France monthiou@cemes. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. Spain. companies and universities. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction.fr Chapter A.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. Mohammad R. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution.edu Chapter D. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. and cardiovascular disease. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. biological transport phenomena. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. reliability and price. he has developed and taught several new courses. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. Switzerland ernst. development and fabrication of microsystems.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. Dr. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. Berkeley. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Mohammad Mofrad University of California. CA. USA mofrad@berkeley. At present. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems.E.K. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. . At Berkeley.ch Chapter D. Smith and Professor D. Marc Monthioux CEMES .UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. Dr. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. Dr.

eng. He has achieved mapping. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.jp Chapter C. and NEMS. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. and nanorobotics. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago.33. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. Germany in 1996. Japan smorita@ele. Japan.hokudai. biomicrorobotics. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. self-organization and biomimetcs. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation. In 1987 he moved to the university. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. Germany mmorgens@physik. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee.ch Chapter G. Ltd. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987. Since 1007. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology). discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. and web-based control and programming of robots. Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. and Professor at ETH in 2002. capillary effects.edu Chapters D. Sapporo.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. Mott spin detectors.de Chapter C.jp Chapter C. Japan mukasa@nano. . Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions. MEMS (sensors and actuators). F.ac.eng. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. microassembly. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). Switzerland bnelson@ethz. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. sensor integration. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II.osaka-u. WI. magnetic force microscopy.23 K. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. USA nosonovs@uwm. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich. Africa. Bradley J. nanotribology. exchange force microscopy. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing. force control.ac. His research interests include spin-polarized STM.rwth-aachen.

MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences. he is as a Full Professor at the K. France. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. Toulouse.U. Eindhoven.pfeiffer@gmail. Belgium bob. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. Dr. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry.com Chapter G.ibm. France peigney@chimie. Leuven. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes.or. sensors.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974.jp Chapter C. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors. MEMS and packaging techniques. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K.kuleuven. in 1998.ac. Japan oni@net. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa. Switzerland hap@zurich.com Chapter D. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986.puers@esat. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon.23 Dr. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). the Netherlands.U. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites.ups-tlse. Leuven. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK). His research encompasses the synthesis. Switzerland oliver. PA.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel. Philadelphia.fr Chapter A. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse. At present. After working with Philips Research. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc.ksp. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices.45 Dr. . on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies.be Chapter H.

the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988.reich@weizmann. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. and medical imaging technologies. . Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. USA quate@stanford. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. he has held the position of professor. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. CA. Dr. USA fraymo@miami. He has worked on plasma diagnostics.ac. Stanford. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems. Madagascar. Rehovot. sensing.edu Chapter A. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. Stanford University. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. Cambridge. In particular. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Liebmann Award in 1981. Toulouse. Israel ziv. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes.2 Françisco M. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000. Françisco M. France razafinimanana@cpat. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry.ups-tlse. Israel. in 1950. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. Since 2000. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. in 1982 and 1986.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland.edu Chapter C.fr Chapter A.25 Calvin F. where he has been since 1961.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University. Haifa. France. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. MD. He received the 3rd cycle degree. He has received the IEEE Morris N. USA oded@umd. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. protein energy landscapes. Quate Stanford University Edward L. Israel. College Park.il Chapter C. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. FL. Currently. respectively. CA.1910 About the Authors Calvin F.edu Chapter A. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. arc-electrode interaction. MA.

harvard. USA sahin@rowland. MA. with a specialization in computer science. degree in physical chemistry in 1995.roman@micro. From 1995 to 1997. respectively. . Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. polymer. USA jrogers@uiuc. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. Switzerland cosmin. Dr. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi.About the Authors 1911 John A. MA.mavt. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard. From MIT. His current research interests include transport phenomena. CA. and 1998. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. IL.edu Chapter C. She received her Ph. mechanics. USA marina_ruths@uml. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. from the University of California.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. in 1989.ethz.29 Dr. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University.edu Chapter A. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana.ch Chapter B. Dr. MS.10 Professor John A.D.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998.jp Chapter C. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. Cambridge. Ankara. Japan sasahara@jaist. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. During his career. Her current research includes adhesion. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. MA. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas.ac.D.edu Chapter D. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). 1995. and liquid crystal systems.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. Austin.

-Ing. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM).schulze@beiersdorf. . Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. Germany aschwarz@physnet. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields.24 Udo D. Switzerland helmut. France. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. i. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg.ch Chapter A. he joined PSI as a research staff member. Switzerland.e. University of Leipzig.schwarz@yale. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro.9 Dr. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen.de Chapter D. CT.24 Dr. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster.de Chapter C. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Germany. Germany. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe. Germany in 2006. self-assembly processes of organic molecules.uni-hamburg. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. Udo D. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven.de Chapter C. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM). Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg.com. . Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs.schift@psi. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques. Germany christian. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University. on his PhD degree. Germany. After his graduation in 1994. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy.D.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI.26 Dr.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro.edu Chapter C. USA udo. nanoionics and nanotribology.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. Germany. christian.schulze@uni-leipzig. and performed his Ph. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues.

3 Dr.com Chapter A. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH.5 Dr.31 Dr. CA. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis.ufl. and holds 18 patents. He has authored more than 150 technical publications. FL. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. USA ssinn@mse. Seattle. Susan B. CA. respectively. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel.fr Chapter A. California. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters.shang@ge. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. France philippe. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. WI. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. Susan B. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville.com Chapter D. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. Dr. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. Dalian. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. in 2002 and 1998. . USA solgaard@stanford. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines.edu Chapter C. China. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. WA. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). USA huamei. design. France. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.edu Chapter D.serp@ensiacet. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. Toulouse. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry.L. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. Sunnyvale.

including protein crystallization.jp Chapter C..1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka.edu.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.tw Chapter H.36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. and single electron transistor.jp Chapter C. Taiwan.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. Hokkaido University.uni-leipzig.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.osaka-u.de Chapter D. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging. Germany stueber@rz. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. Taiwan ycsu@ess.eng. Germany in 2006. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. Japan sueoka@nano. Taiwan. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure.strehle@uni-leipzig.ac.de Chapter D. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps. droplet metering and manipulation. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department. Germany in 2006.ac. Japan sugawara@ap.isthokudai. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers. In 2003. In 2004. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig.nthu. he joined the National Tsing Hua University. respectively. Germany dan. magnetic nanoparticles. and controlled drug delivery. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. in 1993 and 1995. . Berkeley.

com Chapter B. While in Irvine. Davis in 2004.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. CA.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology. Louis. CA. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. and drug delivery. in 1999. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois.com Chapter B. W. The Netherlands. CA.20 Dr. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. Inc. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. The Netherlands. Currently. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. Irvine. Engineering San Diego. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. USA ytanster@gmail. Inc. MO. San Diego.leidenuniv. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. Louis. USA bdsulliv@TearLab. USA steh@uci.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. CA.13 Dr. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. The Netherlands spengen@physics. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering.edu Chapter B. with and without integrated active circuitry.nl Chapter H. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. Belgium. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. . In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven.com Chapter B. he is at Leiden University. San Diego. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. USA pswanson@nexogentech. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices.

biology. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel.wetzel@uni-leipzig. Switzerland peter. Binnig. and probe storage applications.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991.ch Chapter G.cwru. . Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. respectively.de Chapter D. Switzerland. Young received his BS. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. and at Kyoto University.12 Darrin J. 1993. Glennan 510 Cleveland. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. USA djy@po.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. In 1995.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. Japan.edu Chapter B. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel.vettiger@unine. and 1999. Since his retirement. Dr. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. Germany. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. together with G. Switzerland. nanofabrication. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999.K. OH. Darrin J. electronic and opto-electronic devices. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. Germany. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory.com Chapter A. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology.ibm. Switzerland hwo@zurich.6 Dr. in 2006. In 1995. Germany franziska. in 2001. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. MS.

IN.11.edu Chapter B. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. Dr. He has published over 120 technical papers. Research Specialist at University of California. OH. Jim V. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics. B. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. Dr. Dr. Sr. five book chapters. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. These include implantable wireless microsystems. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. wafer bonding. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002).19 Dr. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films. Dr.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. and 5 patents. Dr. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc.. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. . Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. respectively. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. 26 journal publications..12 Christian A.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. USA bziaie@purdue. In addition to teaching. USA jzoval@saddleback. Since January 2005. Dr.edu Chapter A. biomimetic sensors and actuators. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. Authors Christian A. Dr.edu Chapters A. and Sr. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. CA. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. USA caz@case. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). Irvine in 1996. Dr.

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springer.http://www.com/978-3-642-02524-2 .