1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory). Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. WA. Raleigh. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. Dr.edu Chapter A. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. USA marcie@alum. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). Currently. He has published over 250 refereed papers. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988.4 Dr. Seattle. France. MA. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials. the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). . of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. supercapacitors. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. Before joining Bandgap. marcie@bandgap. Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. and hydrogen storage. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse.edu Chapter D.edu.31 Dr. WA. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. Authors Donald W. Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China).5 Dr. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. Donald W.fr Chapter A.1890 About the Authors Marcie R. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.mit. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). lithium-ion batteries. Waltham. She earned her BS. State University in 1987.com Chapter A. NC. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc. USA gzcao@u. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept.washington. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994. China. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics. both in Chemistry. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. USA brenner@ncsu. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. France broto@lncmp.

he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor.edu. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987.com Chapter G. His research interests include nanomaterials.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. San Diego in 2007. USA in 2002. USA. R.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems.tw Chapter C.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently. In 2006. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Canada.nctu. San Diego. Hsinchu. Right after graduation. Particularly. Canada muchiao@mech. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. Yorktown Heights.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University. respectively. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. Taiwan. Dr. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California. Taiwan ichen@ncu.C.O. in 1986. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor. ytcheng@mail. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI).ubc.edu.ibm.tw Chapter H. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. .ca Chapter H. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Pittsburgh. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. More recently. Ann Arbor. PA. Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. in 2000.45 Dr. Watson Research Center. Dr. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. IOP. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects. He is a member of IEEE. Switzerland cbi@zurich. SoP. Inc. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. and Phi Tau Phi.

Middletown.cmu. CA. PA.48 Maarten P. CT. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna. and bioMEMS components and systems. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004.com Chapter H. nanomaterial-based biosensors. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. . LA. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. NY. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. MEMS.48 Alex D. and mechanical properties. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors. in 1998 and 2002. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh.au Chapter B. and nanofabrication techniques.edu Chapter B. Additionally. SA. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. respectively.edu Chapter H. as Associate Professor in 2007. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. His background is in optics. Ithaca. San Diego. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. South Australia. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability.cooper@csiro. NY. from 1996 to 2007. USA dehlinger1@llnl. Maarten P. NM. USA corwin@ge. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). Alex D. LA. Authors Tamara H. USA mpdebo@andrew. bioelectronics. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. friction. Baton Rouge. PA. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996.1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge.lsu.13 Dr. Australia tamara. USA choi@ece.gov Chapter B.

high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8.gov Chapter H.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. MI. MD. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg.About the Authors 1893 Frank W. Switzerland. mechanochemistry. in 1996. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS).msu. USA gene@mgm.com Chapter G. and nanobiomedical devices.mit. MA.and Nanofabrication group. mechatronics. respectively.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. Environment and Safety (NEES). CA.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications. Berkeley. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro.edu Chapter A.ibm. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California. both of Mechanical Engineering. His main research interests include nanorobotics. USA frank. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. and nanotubes. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006.delrio@nist. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. on Automation Science and Engineering. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago. USA ldong@egr. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg. In 2005.48 Frank W. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992.S. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. nanowires. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures. .45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology.edu Chapter G. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. his work has focused on the development of micro. During his tenure at the University of Colorado. Switzerland dpt@zurich. University of Neuchâtel. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. MD.

Abraham Prize Paper Award. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees. In 2005. Germany anatol. and novel forms of carbon.ibm. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse.mit. In 1997. and joined IBM Research in 1986. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes.fr Chapter A. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology. Currently he is working in Prof. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. bismuth nanowires. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge. Chapter C.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy. in 1984. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. tech. low dimensional thermoelectricity.com Chapter G. Germany. In January 2002. Ottawa. MA. Austria andreas. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. especially in carbon science. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling. Canada. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. France flahaut@chimie.ibm. in 2007. Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award.ups-tlse.fritsch@uni-leipzig.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. Dr. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. and single molecule-force spectroscopy. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz. Zurich. in particular probe-storage techniques. . Switzerland ele@zurich.de Chapter D.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr.ebner@jku.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University. His current research interests include nanotechnology. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. USA millie@mgm.edu Chapter A. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. topography and recognition imaging. Authors Urs T.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. in 1985. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. Switzerland drg@zurich.

Germany. His research interests focus on nanotribology.ch Chapter D.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. Rohrer. 2000. University of Basel. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. C. Post doc with IBM Research Lab.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. Zurich in the group of G.ch Chapter B. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster.de Chapters C. During the past 25 years.giessibl@physik. H. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Switzerland. his research has been focused on nanoscale science. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. 1984–1985. Franz J. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech).gnecco@unibas. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures. Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel. the German Nanoscience Award 2000.gerber@unibas. Binnig and H.uni-regensburg. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994. Switzerland christoph. Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). . He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. Germany franz.23. Switzerland enrico.de Chapter C. Germany. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. Ludwigshafen.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof.

wear. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award. two edited books. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N. in 1983. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. For the past 18 years. such as indentation. bioconjugation. In 2000. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials.mpg. . Stuttgart.31 Judith A. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. Institute of Biophysics. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society. Since then.at Chapter C. Austria hermann. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers.27 Hermann J. University of Kiel.gruber@jku. Judith A. he is at the University of Linz. as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. friction. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985).22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. Institute of Organic Chemistry.de Chapter F. USA jah@usna. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology.S.and Nanotribology”. USA hafner@rice. more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna.gorb@mf. China. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. structure.edu Chapter D. Gorb has authored three monographs. She received her BA from St. TX. Harrison U. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. including the “Burt L. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. Germany. Germany s. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. and reconstitution of biological interaction. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. biomechanics. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. MD. physiology. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. Germany.edu Chapter C.

Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. ETH Zurich. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow. 1976–1984. Nanogen. Dr. CA. CA. Molecular Biosystems. He focused on micro.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. Switzerland thomas. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments.com Chapter D. USA seongjun. 1987–1989. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. Amoco. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. USA mjheller@ucsd. Co-founder and CTO. Northwestern University. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C.and Nanosystems. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. 1984–1987. Switzerland. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp.helbling@micro. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. Korea in 1997 and 1999. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. Ireland martin. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul. Co-founder and President.ethz. Fremont.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). Inc.and nanoscaled pressure sensors.mavt. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro.ie Chapter B.hegner@tcd. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin. respectively.31 Dr. 1993–2001.ch Chapter B. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. Zurich. Supervisor DNA Technology.13 Professor Michael J. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept.. Michael J. Director Molecular Biology. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley.edu Chapter B.About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College.heo@lamrc. San Diego. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Integrated DNA Technologies. .

ch Chapter B. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry. Austria peter. Croatia. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen.hinterdorfer@jku. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces. he was eleven years with Siemens AG.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. tech.jp Chapter C. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. Germany.hoelscher@imt. Inc.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb.hierold@micro.hokudai.and Nanosystems. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia.ethz. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster. Hodko received his B. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). Switzerland christofer. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. Since then he has been at the University of Linz.mavt. and Ph. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro.D. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe. Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope.Sc.com Chapter B. M. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. Germany hendrik. TRANSDUCERS.Sc.de Chapter C. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J. San Diego. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro. Austria. Institute for Biophysics in 1992.at Chapter C. Dr. Corporate Research. from the University of Linz. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido. USA dhodko@nanogen. Institute for Biophysics.ac. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Before. . CA.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro.13 Dr. Japan hosoi@cris.fzk. Inc.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002..

He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine.edu Chapter B. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. Irvine. UK. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.31 Dr.edu Chapter D. University of Cambridge.edu Chapter C. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh. . USA gjia@uci.de Chapter D. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. Germany. Germany. respectively. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification. CA. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. USA jacob@engineering. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs.huebner1@web. CA.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm.ucsb. Authors Douglas L. NC. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. His research include nanomaterials. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. CA. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. and received John Bardeen Award.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001. USA doug_irving@ncsu. Guangyao Jia University of California. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). Sungho Jin University of California.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. MRS Fellow. Ulm. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009.edu Chapter D. Germany katrin. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM. Douglas L. USA jin@ucsd.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. Jacob N. APS Fellow. electronic materials and biomaterials.

His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. USA rdkamm@mit. ocular and cardiovascular systems. OH. Ohio. Korea yc423. France. Grenoble. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. In 1999. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. Belgium. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues.be Chapter H. Cleveland. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. MA. including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge. Leuven. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. his attention has focused on two new areas. USA kahn@cwru. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. More recently.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.kapon@weizmann. .1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University.com Chapter F. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques.ac. In 2000. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC). and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. He is currently a Ph. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems. Belgium jourdain@imec. France in 1994. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland. self-cleaning and low adhesion.. Ltd. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. Los Angeles in 2004.edu Chapter H. France. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. Israel ruti.D.il Chapter C. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group.edu Chapter D.jung@samsung.

Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. in 2004.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. Berkeley. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School.de Chapter D. Inc.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig.edu Chapter B. Austin. South Korea nahui. Seoul. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics. molecular.ac. respectively. CA. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis.com Chapter B. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation. in 1997. Germany. His research interests are modeling. CA. Germany in 2007. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. USA jitaekim@uci. optics.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry.kim@samsung. . Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. Richmond.kr Chapter H.uni-leipzig. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering. from 2004 to 2005. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. Korea. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. CA.. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001.edu Chapter B. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. behavioural. in 1999. TX. Germany Tobias. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. South Korea kimjb@yonsei. USA hkido@uci. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. Irvine.de Chapter D.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University.Kiessling@uni-leipzig. He then joined the Yonsei University. design and fabrication of microsystems. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. Germany jkaes@physik.

MA. Germany. Germany.koch@hochschule. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. such as nanotubes and graphene. Denmark anders. FRET and related optical microscopy. Switzerland.and nanostructures. de Chapter F. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales.edu Chapter C. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF.dk Chapter A.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. Germany kerstin.edu Chapter A. With his group. and nanoimprint lithography. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine. . He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute. origin and functions of micro. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. University of Copenhagen.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken. IL.rhein-waal. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. microfluidics. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich). Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby.41 Professor Dr. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. Her research interests lie in the synthesis. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. Smithsonian and UPI. Germany.9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. Kleve. PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine.dtu. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. Germany tobias. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB.de Chapter A. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. including Time.kraus@inm-gmbh. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). characterization. biological surfaces. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University.kristensen@nanotech. USA jingkong@mit. Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. After postdoctoral training at Caltech. USA rlal@uchicago. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media.

Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. Since 1996. formation mechanisms. ceramic-matrix composites). OH.3 Dr. Ohio. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.edu Chapter D.bwh. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT. teaching molecular. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. In particular.15 Dr. Switzerland hans-peter.ch Chapter B. and tissue biomechanics. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. France laurent@chimie.com Chapter D. localized growth. . he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT.lang@unibas. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. hydrogen storage. His research include in the synthesis. USA jlammerding@rics. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr. Since 2000. Boston.fr Chapter A. cellular. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville.35 Dr. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs. Dr. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT.harvard.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. Germany. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. As a postdoc. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. Cambridge. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.latorre@owenscorning.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. characterization. and since 1994.ups-tlse. USA carmen. MA. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals. MA. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College.

OH. He served as editor of 4 books. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide.au Stephen C. Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University. South Australia. USA aplee@uci. edited two special journal issues. CA. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute. a DARPA-industry supported research center. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment.edu Chapter B. Dr. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats. .ohio-state. Australia wayne. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). Authors Wayne R. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. SA. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus. Chapter B. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening.edu Chapter B.16 Stephen C. Dr. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. Dr. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings.20 Abraham (Abe) P. point-of-care diagnostics. Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. and is author of 5 book chapters. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease.leifert@csiro. automated cell sorting technologies. USA lee@bme. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations.

He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). including heat transfer. Dr. Berkeley.berkeley. Taiwan. patents in the area of MEMS..32 Dr. respectively. He is the holder of nine U. USA yming@us. R. USA lwlin@me. Germany othmar. and dynamics. solid/fluid mechanics. He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. Berkeley. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm.edu Chapter H. in 1991 and 1993. . C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department. Ghent. Watson Research Center in 2003. China. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002. respectively. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996.ibm. in 1986.marti@uni-ulm. National Taiwan University.edu Chapter B. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. Since 1999. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. Hsinchu. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes. Dr. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978.J.4 Dr. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. D. Belgium. Marc J. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. CA. Lin joined the IBM T. His current research is focused on life science.S. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics.19 Dr.C. he has been with University of California. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications. His research interests are in design. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery). where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices.21. and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. micro/ nanosensors. J. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths.O. NY.de Chapters C. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof. CA.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University. USA mmadou@uci.com Chapter A.

u-hyogo. Rogers at UIUC. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. FLX Micro. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. MA. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. respectively.7 Dr. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990. OH. He held the George S. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs.and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). in particular for applications in harsh environments. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. B. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. including sensors. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius.11. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. Etienne Menard Semprius. Electronics.com Chapter A. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature. He has a PhD in Materials Science. he worked at NEC Corporation. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents.jp Chapter A. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992. Inc.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. Japan matsui@lasti. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. USA jack. USA etienne. and NineSigma. USA mxm31@cwru.martin@alumni. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. Inc.menard@semprius. Inc.edu Chapter H. Since January 2003.edu Chapters A. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY. His research interests are in micro. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. NC. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years.tufts.ac. actuators. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). . He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. France) and Prof. Inc. John A. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. micromachining and microfabrication technologies.51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research. Durham.

Mohammad Mofrad University of California.K. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto.com Chapter H. biological transport phenomena.org.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. Dr. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years.edu Chapter D.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. and cardiovascular disease. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. Mohammad R. testing and characterization. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran.ch Chapter D. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology.meyer@unibas. Berkeley. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998.fr Chapter A. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. he has developed and taught several new courses.35 Dr. respectively. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. Marc Monthioux CEMES . companies and universities. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. development and fabrication of microsystems. At Berkeley. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. Iran.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse.E. associated with B. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. . Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. Switzerland ernst. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy. At present. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. Spain. reliability and price. Smith and Professor D. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. Dr. France monthiou@cemes. USA mofrad@berkeley. CA.49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. Dr. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. molecular cell biomechanics.

Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka. and Professor at ETH in 2002. and web-based control and programming of robots. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research. . Mott spin detectors. WI. F. Sapporo.jp Chapter C. Switzerland bnelson@ethz.jp Chapter C. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics.1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. MEMS (sensors and actuators). In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. microassembly.osaka-u. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. Bradley J.ac. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions.ac.ch Chapter G. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana. Japan mukasa@nano.24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. biomicrorobotics.de Chapter C. USA nosonovs@uwm.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. force control. and NEMS. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics.eng.23 K.hokudai.eng. nanotribology. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering. capillary effects. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo.edu Chapters D. self-organization and biomimetcs.rwth-aachen.33. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995. sensor integration. Ltd. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich. He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). exchange force microscopy. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University. He has achieved mapping. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices. Japan smorita@ele. Germany in 1996. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. Since 1007. and nanorobotics. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. Germany mmorgens@physik. In 1987 he moved to the university. His research interests include spin-polarized STM. Japan. magnetic force microscopy. Africa.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology).

Dr. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors.45 Dr.U. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. .and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. After working with Philips Research. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. Switzerland oliver. France. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. At present. Philadelphia.com Chapter G. Japan oni@net. His research encompasses the synthesis.U.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry. in 1998. Eindhoven.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies.jp Chapter C. Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven. the Netherlands. Switzerland hap@zurich. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS). sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies.be Chapter H.pfeiffer@gmail. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques.ups-tlse.or. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. where he also obtained his PhD in 1986.fr Chapter A. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K.ac.com Chapter D. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university. MEMS and packaging techniques. Belgium bob. sensors. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK). PA.kuleuven. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University.puers@esat. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). France peigney@chimie. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry. he is as a Full Professor at the K. Leuven. Leuven. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc.ksp.ibm. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample.23 Dr. Toulouse.

Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. USA oded@umd. he has held the position of professor. FL. USA quate@stanford.il Chapter C. Françisco M. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. sensing. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. where he has been since 1961. Madagascar. France. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. Israel. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Stanford. Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami. Cambridge. Rehovot. . Toulouse. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. In particular. Haifa. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000.edu Chapter A. Liebmann Award in 1981. USA fraymo@miami.fr Chapter A. Israel ziv. College Park. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University.reich@weizmann.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland.25 Calvin F. Dr. He has received the IEEE Morris N. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse. He received the 3rd cycle degree. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. MD. Israel. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. in 1950. Quate Stanford University Edward L.ups-tlse. Currently. arc-electrode interaction. MA.2 Françisco M. CA. France razafinimanana@cpat. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems.edu Chapter C.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. CA. respectively. protein energy landscapes. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University.edu Chapter A.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. Stanford University. and medical imaging technologies. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. in 1982 and 1986.ac. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. He has worked on plasma diagnostics. Since 2000. the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava.

edu Chapter C. From MIT. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. MA. with a specialization in computer science. She received her Ph.edu Chapter D.edu Chapter A. From 1995 to 1997.D. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. MS. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard.ethz. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University. Japan sasahara@jaist. CA.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002. and 1998. USA jrogers@uiuc.ch Chapter B.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory.roman@micro.harvard. respectively. USA marina_ruths@uml. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. polymer. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge.ac. Dr.D. mechanics. IL.About the Authors 1911 John A. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. Ankara. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. USA sahin@rowland. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993. from the University of California.10 Professor John A. MA. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana. Cambridge.mavt. degree in physical chemistry in 1995.29 Dr. MA. Switzerland cosmin. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. Her current research includes adhesion. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. Austin. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy. His current research interests include transport phenomena.jp Chapter C. 1995. where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. and liquid crystal systems. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. in 1989. During his career. . Dr. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell.

Germany. Germany christian. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg. studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM).edu Chapter C. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology.de Chapter D.com. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs.de Chapter C. University of Leipzig. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster. nanoionics and nanotribology.schift@psi.schulze@beiersdorf. Germany. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. Germany in 2006. Switzerland helmut. . he joined PSI as a research staff member. christian.9 Dr. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM). on his PhD degree.e. CT.-Ing. . USA udo. self-assembly processes of organic molecules.D.26 Dr. Germany. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. After his graduation in 1994. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Udo D.schwarz@yale. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology. Germany aschwarz@physnet.ch Chapter A. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. Germany. France. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy. Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg.24 Dr. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University.uni-hamburg. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009. i. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues.schulze@uni-leipzig. and performed his Ph. Switzerland. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS). Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig.de Chapter C.24 Udo D.

After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. Dalian. China. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers.31 Dr. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. Seattle. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. Susan B. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. in 2002 and 1998.fr Chapter A. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst.com Chapter D. CA. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. Susan B. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. France philippe. and holds 18 patents.ufl. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Sunnyvale. USA huamei.com Chapter A.L. Dr.3 Dr.edu Chapter D.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. FL. California. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. design.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. WI. He has authored more than 150 technical publications. . France.serp@ensiacet. Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. WA.5 Dr.edu Chapter C. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis. USA ssinn@mse. respectively. USA solgaard@stanford. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. Toulouse. CA. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH.shang@ge.

36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. magnetic nanoparticles. .23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps. In 2003.eng. Taiwan.edu. respectively. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. Taiwan ycsu@ess. Japan sueoka@nano. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy..de Chapter D. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers. and single electron transistor. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department.de Chapter D. Japan sugawara@ap.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.nthu. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002.osaka-u. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope. Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications.uni-leipzig. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. in 1993 and 1995. Germany in 2006. droplet metering and manipulation. Germany stueber@rz. and controlled drug delivery.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University.jp Chapter C. Berkeley.ac. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka. including protein crystallization.jp Chapter C.tw Chapter H. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California. Hokkaido University. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Germany dan. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection. In 2004.strehle@uni-leipzig. Germany in 2006. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging. Taiwan.isthokudai.ac. he joined the National Tsing Hua University.

Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven.leidenuniv. CA. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. The Netherlands. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. Davis in 2004. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices. USA ytanster@gmail. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. CA. MO. he is at Leiden University. USA bdsulliv@TearLab.com Chapter B.com Chapter B.edu Chapter B. in 1999.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. San Diego. .nl Chapter H. Irvine. Louis. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. and drug delivery. Inc. Belgium. USA pswanson@nexogentech. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials.13 Dr. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology.com Chapter B. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. While in Irvine.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. with and without integrated active circuitry. Engineering San Diego. Louis. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen.20 Dr. The Netherlands.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. CA. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays. USA steh@uci. W. San Diego. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. CA. Currently. The Netherlands spengen@physics. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. Inc. He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois.

Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. Young received his BS. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. Since his retirement. In 1995.edu Chapter B. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999.K. Glennan 510 Cleveland.vettiger@unine. Switzerland peter. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel. Germany. and probe storage applications. Switzerland.ibm.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. in 2001.wetzel@uni-leipzig. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. electronic and opto-electronic devices. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig. . Dr. Germany franziska. Darrin J. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. 1993.cwru. MS. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. respectively. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology. Switzerland.com Chapter A. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. Germany.ch Chapter G. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication. and at Kyoto University. biology. together with G. in 2006.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. Japan. In 1995. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.12 Darrin J. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. OH. USA djy@po. Switzerland hwo@zurich. and 1999. nanofabrication.de Chapter D. Binnig. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon.6 Dr.

He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. B. biomimetic sensors and actuators.. wafer bonding.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. Dr. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. Sr. OH. Dr. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films.edu Chapter B. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. Dr. Authors Christian A. In addition to teaching. 26 journal publications. and 5 patents. . He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU.edu Chapters A. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. Dr. Research Specialist at University of California. USA bziaie@purdue. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. Since January 2005. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. He has published over 120 technical papers. USA jzoval@saddleback. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc. Dr. Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. Irvine in 1996. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. IN. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. These include implantable wireless microsystems. five book chapters. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. USA caz@case.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control. and Sr.12 Christian A. Dr. Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.11. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. CA. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002). Dr. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system.edu Chapter A. Jim V. Dr.. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics.19 Dr. respectively.

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com/978-3-642-02524-2 .springer.http://www.

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