1887

About the Authors

Chong H. Ahn
University of Cincinnati Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Cincinnati, OH, USA chong.ahn@uc.edu

Chapter B.18

Authors

Dr. Chong H. Ahn is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He obtained his PhD from the School of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology in 1993. Prior to joining the University of Cincinnati, he worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, NY, USA. His research interests include all aspects of design, fabrication, and characterization of microfluidic devices, polymer lab-on-a-chip, point-of-care testing (POCT) clinical diagnostics, biosensors and bioelectronics, BioMEMS devices, and self-assembled nanostructures. He is currently an Editor of the IEEE/ASME Journal of MEMS, and also serving as an Editorial Board Member of JMM, and the Journal of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He is the founder of Siloam Biosciences Inc. in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Boris Anczykowski
nanoAnalytics GmbH Münster, Germany anczykowski@nanoanalytics.com

Chapter C.26

Dr. Boris Anczykowski is a physicist with an extensive research background in the field of dynamic scanning force microscopy. He co-invented the Q-control technique and received the Innovation Award Münsterland for Science and Economy in 2001 for this achievement. He is a Managing Director and co-founder of nanoAnalytics GmbH, a company specialized in the characterization of surfaces and interfaces on the micro and nanometer scale.

W. Robert Ashurst
Auburn University Department of Chemical Engineering Auburn, AL, USA ashurst@auburn.edu

Chapter H.48

W. Robert Ashurst is currently an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Auburn University. His research focuses on design of molecular precursors for advanced monolayer films, tribology at the micro and nanoscale, and the influence of surface chemical treatments on micro and nanoscale devices. Dr. Ashurst completed his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 2003 and remained at U.C. Berkeley as a post-doctoral researcher until the Fall of 2004 when he joined the faculty at Auburn University.

Massood Z. Atashbar
Western Michigan University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Kalamazoo, MI, USA massood.atashbar@wmich.edu

Chapter A.8

Professor Massood Z. Atashbar received the BSc degree in electrical engineering from the Isfahan University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, the MSc degree in Electrical Engineering from the Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, and the PhD degree from the Department of Communication and Electronic Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia, in 1998. From 1998 to 1999, he was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Electronic Engineering and Acoustic Materials, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. He is now an Assistant Professor with the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo. His research interests include physical and chemical microsensors development, wireless sensors, and applications of nanotechnology in sensors, digital electronics, advanced signal processing, and engineering education.

1888

About the Authors

Wolfgang Bacsa
University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Laboratoire de Physique des Solides (LPST),UMR 5477 CNRS Toulouse, France bacsa@ramansco.ups-tlse.fr; bacsa@lpst.ups-tlse.fr

Chapter A.3

Professor Wolfgang Bacsa is an expert in the emerging field of nanooptics and carbon nanotubes. He has a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich in Physics and has extensive experience in condensed matter physics, optics, microscopy, synthesis of ultrathin films and nanostructured carbon. Professor Bacsa worked at the ETH Zürich, PennState University and EPFL Lausanne.

Authors
Kelly Bailey
University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide, SA, Australia kelly.bailey@csiro.au Chapter B.17

Kelly Bailey received a BS in Nanotechnology from Flinders University, South Australia in 2004. She is currently pursuing a PhD in the Department of Biochemistry with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide, South Australia. Her current research focuses on assay and array technologies for G-protein coupled receptors and their associated G-proteins. Her project specifically looks at fluorescent signal transduction mechanisms using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer as well as surface display technologies for GPCRs. Applications for this work include biosensing and microarray platforms in the area of drug discovery and diagnostics.

William Sims Bainbridge
National Science Foundation Division of Information, Science and Engineering Arlington, VA, USA wsbainbridge@yahoo.com

Chapter I.53

William Sims Bainbridge earned his doctorate from Harvard University. He is the author of 11 books, 4 textbook-software packages, and about 180 shorter publications in information science, social science of technology, and the sociology of culture. His software employed innovative techniques to teach theory and methodology: Experiments in Psychology, Sociology Laboratory, Survey Research, and Social Research Methods and Statistics. He is the editor of the Berkshire Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction and author of the forthcoming God from the Machine, a study using artificial intelligence techniques to understand religious belief. At the National Science Foundation since 1992, he represented the social and behavioral sciences on five advanced technology initiatives: High Performance Computing and Communications, Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Digital Libraries, Information Technology Research, and Nanotechnology, before joining the staff of the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering. Currently, he is director of NSF’s Science and Engineering Informatics program, after having directed the Sociology, Human Computer Interaction, and Artificial Intelligence programs, and a member of the faculty of George Mason University.

Antonio Baldi
Institut de Microelectronica de Barcelona (IMB) Centro National Microelectrónica (CNM-CSIC) Barcelona, Spain antoni.baldi@cnm.es

Chapter A.8

Professor Antonio Baldi is a Ramon y Cajal researcher at the CNM-IMB, Spain. He received his BS degree in telecommunication engineering from the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, (1996) and his PhD degree on electronics engineering from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in 2001. From 2001 to 2003 he was at the University of Minnesota working in the field of bioMEMS as a postdoctoral fellow. In the summer of 2003 he joined the Chemical Transducers Group (GTQ), at the Centro Nacional de Microelectrónica, where he works on the development of microsystems and instrumentation for chemical and biochemical sensing.

About the Authors

1889

Wilhelm Barthlott
University of Bonn Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants Bonn, Germany barthlott@uni-bonn.de

Chapter F.41

Dr. Wilhelm Barthlott is a Professor of Botany and head of a Biodiversity Institute and Director of the Botanical Garden of the University of Bonn. Since his post doc time at the University of Heidelberg he has been interested in biodiversity research and in scanning electron and atomic force microscopy of biological surfaces. His discovery of self-cleaning surfaces in the 1970s (Lotus-Effekt) led to an innovation in surface technologies. His interest in biomimetic transfer concentrates currently on air retaining surfaces for ship hulls.

Authors

Roland Bennewitz
INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken, Germany roland.bennewitz@inm-gmbh.de

Chapter D.30

Roland Bennewitz studied physics in Freiburg and Berlin, Germany, where he received his PhD. He leads the Nanotribology Group at the INM – Leibniz Institute for New Materials. He is also Honorary Professor in the Physics Department of Saarland University. His scientific interests include the mechanical properties of surfaces at small scales and the development of new materials with dedicated mechanical properties. Before coming to Saarbrücken, he was at McGill University in Montreal (Canada) and at the University of Basel (Switzerland).

Bharat Bhushan
Ohio State University Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- and Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB²) Columbus, OH, USA bhushan.2@osu.edu

Chapters 1, B.16, C.21, D.28, D.33, D.34, D.37, E.38, E.39, E.40, F.41, F.42, F.44, H.47

Dr. Bharat Bhushan is an Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor in the Professor in the College of Engineering, and the Director of the Nanoprobe Laboratory for Bio- & Nanotechnology and Biomimetics (NLB2 ) at the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. He holds two MS, a PhD in mechanical engineering/mechanics, an MBA, and three semi-honorary and honorary doctorates. His research interests include fundamental studies with a focus on scanning probe techniques in the interdisciplinary areas of bio/nanotribology, bio/nanomechanics and bio/nanomaterials characterization, and applications to bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. He has authored 6 scientific books, more than 90 handbook chapters, more than 700 scientific papers (h factor – 45+; ISI Highly Cited in Materials Science, since 2007), and more than 60 scientific reports, edited more than 45 books, and holds 17 US and foreign patents. He is co-editor of Springer NanoScience and Technology Series and Microsystem Technologies. He has organized various international conferences and workshops. He is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards and international fellowships including the Alexander von Humboldt Research Prize for Senior Scientists, Max Planck Foundation Research Award for Outstanding Foreign Scientists, and the Fulbright Senior Scholar Award. He is a member of various professional societies, including the International Academy of Engineering (Russia). He has previously worked for various research labs including IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA. He has held visiting professor appointments at University of California at Berkeley, University of Cambridge, UK, Technical University Vienna, Austria, University of Paris, Orsay, France, ETH Zurich and EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland.

Gerd K. Binnig
Definiens AG Munich, Germany gbinnig@definiens.com

Chapter G.45

Gerd Binnig obtained his PhD from the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, and joined IBM Research in 1978. He was corecipient of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics for the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope, and he also invented the atomic force microscope. His current research interests are micro- and nanosystem techniques and “Fractal Darwinism”, a theory he developed to describe complex systems.

France. NC.31 Dr. He is a member of the North Carolina State University Academy of Outstanding Teachers. lithium-ion batteries. supercapacitors.3 Jean-Marc Broto is Professor at the Université Toulouse III. Dr. and joined the North Carolina State University faculty in 1994.mit. His research interests focus on using atomic and mesoscale simulation and theory to understand technologically important processes and materials.com Chapter A. and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry in Chongqing University. Jean-Marc Broto Institut National des Sciences Appliquées of Toulouse Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Pulsés (LNCMP) Toulouse.fr Chapter A. USA marcie@alum. MS from Shanghai Institute of Ceramics. and hydrogen storage. He is a specialist in electronic transport and magnetization properties under high magnetic fields and contributed to the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance in 1988. Marcie was a technical staff member in the applied electromagnetics group at Los Alamos National Laboratory and worked on a variety of nanotechnology and optical systems. Currently. Brenner Department of Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh.5 Dr. USA gzcao@u. He received his PhD degree from Eindhoven University of Technology (the Netherlands). Marcie Black is the CTO at Bandgap Engineering. WA. of Materials Science and Engineering Seattle. He has published over 250 refereed papers. Seattle. China. and Adjunct Professor of Chemical and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. Bandgap Engineering is nanoengineering solar silicon to maximize photovoltiac energy conversion. Guozhong Cao is Boeing-Steiner Professor of Engineering. both in Chemistry. He joined the Theoretical Chemistry Section at the United States Naval Research Laboratory as a staff scientist in 1987. .washington. Cao serves as the editor of Annual Review of Nano Research and Associate Editor of Journal of Nanophotonics.edu Chapter D. Brenner is currently a Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at North Carolina State University. MS and PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Donald W. and an Outstanding Teacher Award from the North Carolina State College of Engineering (1999). the Alcoa Foundation Engineering Research Achievement Award (2000). Professor of Materials Science and Engineering. Before joining Bandgap. France broto@lncmp. Waltham. authored and edited 5 books and 3 conference proceedings. She has published over 30 articles in peer reviewed journals and three book sections and has two patents issued and numerous patents pending. MA. Professor Brenner’s awards include the 2002 Feynman prize for research achievement in nanotechnology (theory). She earned her BS.4 Dr. WA. State University in 1987. marcie@bandgap.edu Chapter A. His recent research is focused mainly on nanomaterials for energy related applications including solar cells. Guozhong Cao University of Washington Dept. Black Bandgap Engineering Inc.edu. USA brenner@ncsu. Raleigh. He received his BSc from the State University of New York in 1982 and his PhD from Penn. and BS from East China University of Science and Technology (China).1890 About the Authors Marcie R. Co-author of a Veridian Medal Paper (1999). Authors Donald W.

His interests comprise high-speed data transmission and data-storage systems. Then he worked for IBM Thomas J. Chiao is the recipient of the Canada Research Chairs (CRC) in MEMS and Nanoengineering for biomedical applications. respectively. His research effort was on MEMS power source and nanowire/tube synthesis.ca Chapter H. Hsinchu. Dr. San Diego in 2007.ibm. in 2000. he joined National Central University in Taiwan as an Assistant Professor. Right after graduation.C. In 2006. After his military service he went to Carnegie Mellon University. anti-biofouling coating for implantable biomedical sensors and biomaterials for MEMS. Particularly. Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI).edu. Taiwan ichen@ncu. Switzerland cbi@zurich. Inc. R. His current research interests include design and fabrication of MEMS and nanodevices for biomedical applications.nctu.22 I-Chen Chen received the PhD degree in Materials Science and Engineering from University of California.com Chapter G. More recently. Yorktown Heights. Giovanni Cherubini IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Tape Technologies Rüschlikon. The University of British Columbia since September 2003 as an Assistant Professor.45 Dr. PA.About the Authors 1891 Edin (I-Chen) Chen National Central University Institute of Materials Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering Chung-Li. Taiwan in 1991 and 1993. USA in 2002. Chiao has been with the Department of Mechanical Engineering. His research interests include nanomaterials. He is a member of IEEE. Taiwan. and got his second MS degree in the same field in 1996. . solar energy materials and optoelectronic devices.52 Mu Chiao received his BS and MS degrees from National Taiwan University in 1996 and a PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. in 1986. Mu Chiao Department of Mechanical Engineering Vancouver. In 2002 he became an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics Engineering in National Chiao Tung University.52 Yu-Ting Cheng received his BS and MS degree’s in Materials Science and Engineering from National Tsing Hua University. and the design and fabrication of microsensors and microactuators.tw Chapter H. USA.tw Chapter C. University of California at Berkeley as a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. From 2002 to 2003 he was with Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. Giovanni Cherubini received a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California.edu. Pittsburgh. Ann Arbor. Watson Research Center. ytcheng@mail. San Diego. Canada muchiao@mech. working on MEMS sensors for automotive applications. Authors Yu-Ting Cheng National Chiao Tung University Department of Electronics Engineering & Institute of Electronics Hsinchu. IOP. He was co-editor of the 100BASE-T2 Standard for fast ethernet transmission over voice-grade cables. SoP. He is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). Then he finished his PhD in Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. he contributed to the realization of the first fully functional atomic-force-microscope-based data-storage prototype system. His research interests include the fundamental study of materials for microsystem integration and MEMS applications. he is working on MEMS drug delivery devices. where he has been promoted to an Associate Professor recently.O. Canada. Dr. From March 2003 to July 2003 he was a senior MEMS engineer at Intpax. and Phi Tau Phi.ubc. He joined the research staff of IBM in 1987. as a research staff member and was involved in several SoP (system on package) projects.

13 Dr. specializing in thin film fracture mechanics. San Diego.cmu. respectively and his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Cincinnati in 2001. and bioMEMS components and systems. South Australia. He received is PhD from the Electrical and Computer Engineering department at the University of California. MEMS. NY.gov Chapter B. from 1996 to 2007. he developed the MEMScript software for making automated and high-resolution measurements on MEMS devices. Dietrich Dehlinger Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Engineering Livermore. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department in 1996.edu Chapter B. Alex D.48 Alex D.48 Maarten P. bioelectronics. CA.cooper@csiro. Dehlinger is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Baton Rouge. His background is in optics. in 1995 and the MS and PhD degrees in physics from Cornell University. and nanofabrication techniques. USA mpdebo@andrew.18 Jin-Woo Choi received his BS and MS degree in Electrical Engineering from Seoul National University in Korea in 1994 and 1996.lsu. Corwin received the BA degree in math and physics from Wesleyan University. de Boer earned the PhD degree from the University of Minnesota. CT. in 1998 and 2002. USA dehlinger1@llnl. as Associate Professor in 2007. LA. He joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. Now he is an Assistant Professor at Louisiana State University. Ithaca. de Boer Carnegie Mellon University Department of Mechanical Engineering Pittsburgh. Maarten P. LA. and worked in the area of microelectromechanical systems addressing phenomena such as adhesion. His current work involves designing devices for di-electrophoretic sample preparation. During his time at Sandia he worked on MEMS reliability.au Chapter B. He also designed MEMS actuators and sensors. USA corwin@ge. PA. nanomaterial-based biosensors. Corwin GE Global Research Niskayuna. In 2007 he moved to GE’s global research center where he continues to work on MEMS reliability. microfluidic systems for biochemical detection. respectively. He was employed by Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque. and mechanical properties.edu Chapter H. Additionally. Her current research involves constructing fluorescent proteins for time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer technologies involving G-protein coupled receptors and G-protein subunits for cell-free biosensor applications. Cooper University of Adelaide CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide.com Chapter H. PA. studying in particular friction and adhesion of contacting micro-systems. He held a postdoctoral appointment at Sandia National Laboratories before joining the staff in 2004. friction. Authors Tamara H.17 Tamara Cooper completed a Bachelor of Biotechnology (Hons) at Flinders University in 2004 and is currently undertaking a PhD with the University of Adelaide and CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies in Adelaide. Australia tamara. NY. SA. .1892 About the Authors Jin-Woo Choi Louisiana State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Baton Rouge. micro total analysis systems (μ-TAS). Middletown. NM. USA choi@ece. His current research activities include magnetic particle separators.

About the Authors 1893 Frank W.mit. He received the BS and MS degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology (XUT) in 1989 and 1992. Environment and Safety (NEES). and nanotubes. Since returning to the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory.and Nanofabrication group. USA frank. on Nanotechnology and the IEEE Trans. and nanobiomedical devices. on Automation Science and Engineering.4 Gene Dresselhaus received his PhD in physics from the University of California in 1955. MD. Dresselhaus several books on fullerenes. and assistant professor at Cornell before joining MIT Lincoln Laboratory in 1960 as a staff member. . nanowires.delrio@nist. nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS). where he has served as the head of the Department of Mechatronics Engineering from 1997 to 1999. and an Associate Professor of Mechatronics in 1998 at XUT. In 1976 he assumed his current position at the MIT Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. After a postdoctoral fellowship at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1996. his work has focused on the development of micro. DelRio National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg.45 Michel Despont received a degree in Microtechnology from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology of Lausanne in 1993 and a PhD in Physics from the Institute of Microtechnology. During his tenure at the University of Colorado. His main research interests include nanorobotics. USA gene@mgm. Switzerland dpt@zurich. and was a Senior Research Scientist at ETH Zurich from 2005 to 2008. He received his PhD degree in Micro Systems Engineering from Nagoya University in 2003. In 2005. he spent one year as a visiting scientist at the Seiko Instrument Research Laboratory in Japan. and became Assistant Professor of Micro/Nano Systems Engineering and MechanoInformation Engineering at Nagoya University in 2003. Switzerland. After working as a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of California.edu Chapter G. His area of interest is the electronic structure of nanomaterials and he has co-authored with M. mechanochemistry. he was appointed manager and currently leads the Micro. He became a Research Associate in 1992 and a Lecturer in 1995. MD. CA. In 2004 he joined the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich as a Research Scientist. MA. MI. He is Chair of the Technical Committee (TC) on Nano Energy. Gene Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory Cambridge. where he led the NanoRobotics Group in the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS). mechatronics. University of Neuchâtel. His current work focuses on the mechanical and tribological properties of thin films and small-scale structures.gov Chapter H. Berkeley. he joined the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg.msu.ibm. He serves as an Associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. Lixin Dong Michigan State University Electrical and Computer Engineering East Lansing. high-aspect-ratio UV resist called SU-8. both of Mechanical Engineering. DelRio received a PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2006.46 Lixin Dong is an Assistant Professor at Michigan State University.and Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. Authors Michel Despont IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro. NM and as an Engineering Sciences Summer Institute (ESSI) fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore. He was a faculty member at the University of Chicago.and nanomechanical devices as well as on 3-D microdevice integration for system-on-chip (SoC) applications.S. where he worked on the development of various cantilever2 based sensors and pioneered the process development of an ultra-thick.edu Chapter A.48 Frank W. he served as a Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Institute fellow at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. USA ldong@egr. respectively.com Chapter G. in 1996.

Eleftheriou was co-recipient of the Eduard Rhein Technology Award.3 Emmanuel Flahaut obtained his PhD in Materials Science in Toulouse working on CCVD synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and dense ceramic-based composites including CNTs. Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche et d’Ingénierie des Matériaux. She joined the MIT faculty in 1967. Hinterdorfer’s Institute as subgroup leader focusing on AFM-tip chemistry. Authors Urs T. Evangelos Eleftheriou IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon. Abraham Prize Paper Award. Canada.45 IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Micro-/Nanofabrication Rüschlikon. Dr. He is Research Staff Member since 1986: He worked in the field of scanning tunneling and dynamic force microscopy. Germany. He is now a permanent CNRS researcher at the University of Toulouse. His research focuses on magnetic recording and storage systems. He joined IBM as a post-doc working on near-field optical microscopy. Switzerland ele@zurich.fr Chapter A. and single molecule-force spectroscopy.de Chapter D. tech. in particular probe-storage techniques.fritsch@uni-leipzig. in 2007. Dürig Andreas Ebner Chapter G. USA millie@mgm. His current research interests include nanotechnology. He was co-recipient of the 2003 IEEE Leonard G. Germany anatol. low dimensional thermoelectricity.ibm. MA. Switzerland drg@zurich. Emmanuel Flahaut Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT. Anatol Fritsch University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Her present research activities focus on carbon nanotubes.4 Mildred Dresselhaus received her PhD in Physics from the University of Chicago in 1958. and joined IBM Research in 1986. . In 2005. Austria andreas.at Andreas Ebner studied Technical Chemistry at the Johannes Kepler University of Linz and earned his Dr.com Chapter G. in 1984.ups-tlse. and in 2005 became an IBM Fellow and was elected to the IBM Academy of Technology.27 Johannes Kepler University Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz. She has been active in research across broad areas of solid state physics. She is the recipient of the National Medal of Science and 25 worldwide honorary degrees. Zurich. UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs his current research interests are the mechanical properties of multicellular cancer spheroids and the development of optical techniques for high resolution single and multiple cell tomography.com Urs Dürig received a PhD degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. topography and recognition imaging. France flahaut@chimie. he joined the Micro/ Nanomechanics group focusing on polymer material issues and thermal modeling.1894 About the Authors Mildred S. Ottawa. he was elected Fellow of the IEEE. and novel forms of carbon. in 1985. In 1997.ebner@jku.ibm. bismuth nanowires. Dresselhaus Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department of Physics Cambridge.edu Chapter A. especially in carbon science. He spent then more than one year as a post-doctoral researcher in Malcolm Green’s Group in Oxford to work mainly on the filling of CNTs.45 He received a PhD in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University. Chapter C. In January 2002. Currently he is working in Prof.36 Anatol Fritsch received his diploma in physics from the University of Leipzig. at the at the Biophysics Institute of the JKU Linz.mit.

the German Nanoscience Award 2000.giessibl@physik. Germany fuchsh@uni-muenster. He received the R and D 100 Award Chicago 1994.ch Chapter B. University of Basel. He is a Steering Committee Member of the International Conference on Noncontact Atomic Force Microscopy. Rohrer.About the Authors 1895 Harald Fuchs Universität Münster Physikalisches Institut Münster. H. Cofounder and Scientific Director of the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech). Gleiter (nano crystalline systems). Giessibl Universität Regensburg Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics Regensburg. He is an author and co-author of more than 150 scientific papers that appeared in peer-reviewed journals with more than 19 000 citations in cross disciplinary fields. Zurich in the group of G. During the past 25 years.gerber@unibas. Enrico Gnecco University of Basel National Center of Competence in Research Department of Physics Basel.de Chapters C. Franz J. and the Rudolf Kaiser Price in 2001. Germany. . Since 1993 he is full Professor and Director at the Physical Institute of the University of Münster. Switzerland christoph. Germany. 1984–1985. Switzerland and is a Research Staff Member emeritus in Nanoscale Science at the IBM Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon. He belongs worldwide to the one hundred most cited researchers in Physical Sciences. Germany franz. Switzerland enrico.23. Switzerland. atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and controlled manipulation of nanoparticles. His research interests focus on nanotribology. his research has been focused on nanoscale science.25 Professor Giessibl is working in atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum at room temperature and low temperatures.15 Professor Christoph Gerber is the Director for scientific communication of the National Center of Competence for Nanoscale Science (NCCR) at the Institute of Physics.ch Chapter D.26 1984 PhD Universität des Saarlandes with Prof.uni-regensburg.30 Enrico Gnecco is a senior researcher at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute in Basel.de Chapter C. 1985–1993 Project Manager ‘Ultrathin Organic Films’with BASF AG. He is a veteran in scanning probe microscopy and made major contributions to the invention of the scanning tunneling microscope and the atomic force microscope (AFM) and is a co-inventor of biochemical sensors based on AFM technology. Since May 2006 he is head of the Department of Experimental and Applied Physics at the University of Regensburg. Post doc with IBM Research Lab. Authors Christoph Gerber University of Basel Institute of Physics National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. Binnig and H. 2000.gnecco@unibas. Ludwigshafen. He gave numerous plenary and invited talks at international conferences. He has served as a project leader in various programs of the Swiss National Science Foundation and in the European 6th Framework. C.

31 Judith A. two edited books. including “Attachment Devices of Insect Cuticle” and “Biological Micro. In 2001 he returned to Rice University where his research group is pursuing biophysical applications of scanned probe microscopy and nanomaterials.de Chapter F. Judith A.43 Stanislav Gorb is a Professor and Chair at the Institute of Zoology. in 1983. MD. USA jah@usna. . more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed. Germany. He then held an NIH postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University working on carbon nanotube probes for high-resolution biological atomic-force microscopy. China. Newkirk Lecture” at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Keynote address at the 2002 annual meeting of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers. a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tübingen and Max Planck Institute for Metals Research. He received his PhD in Zoology and Entomology at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in Kiev. Gorb has authored three monographs. she won the Naval Academy’s Research Excellence Award and the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award.gruber@jku.and Nanotribology”. her research has focused on the theoretical examination of nanometer-scale processes. Germany. Anselm College and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire. Germany s. Before joining the faculty of the Naval Academy. Authors Hermann Gruber University of Linz Institute of Biophysics Linz. For the past 18 years. Stuttgart.mpg. She has published over 65 technical papers and given more than 80 invited talks. In 2000.at Chapter C.1896 About the Authors Stanislav N. physiology. Institute of Organic Chemistry.edu Chapter C. such as indentation. biomechanics.edu Chapter D. She is a member of various professional organizations including the American Vacuum Society and the American Chemical Society.gorb@mf. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Purdue University (1983-1985). as well as the development of biologically inspired technological surfaces and systems. He received the Schlossmann Award in Biology and Materials Science in 1995 and was the 1998 BioFuture Competition winner for his works on biological attachment devices as possible sources for biomimetics. She has served on the Executive Committee of the Nanoscale Science and Technology Division of the American Vacuum Society and currently is the chair of that committee. wear. Naval Academy Chemistry Department Annapolis. and reconstitution of biological interaction. TX. The Maryland Chapter of the American Chemical Society has selected her to be the 2009 recipient of the George Braude Award. where he holds a position as Associate Professor. USA hafner@rice. Gorb Max Planck Institut für Metallforschung Evolutionary Biomaterials Group Stuttgart.S. she was a postdoctoral associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. Jason Hafner Rice University Department of Physics and Astronomy Houston. Gruber earned his PhD from the University of Graz. Gorb was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Vienna. Harrison has been a Professor of Chemistry at the United States Naval Academy for the past 16 years. friction. a Research Assistant at the University of Jena. and tribochemistry of hydrocarbon systems. Since then.27 Hermann J. Gorb’s research focuses on morphology. University of Kiel. structure. Institute of Biophysics. Austria hermann. bioconjugation. and a visiting Professor at both the University of Washington and Nanjing University of Astronautics and Aeronautics. His current and ongoing research includes surface chemistry. including the “Burt L.22 Jason Hafner earned his PhD in Physics from Rice University in 1998. She received her BA from St. and evolution of surface-related functional systems in animals and plants. he is at the University of Linz. Harrison U.

About the Authors 1897 Martin Hegner CRANN – The Naughton Institute Trinity College. Michael J. where he is investigating the use of carbon nanotubes as gas sensing elements and as active sensing elements for future micro. Ireland martin. 1984–1987.com Chapter D. Since 2007 he is Associate Professor in the School of Physics at Trinity College Dublin and Principal Investigator at CRANN. 1976–1984. Heller is now Professor in the Departments of Bioengineering and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University California. Seong-Jun Heo Lam Research Corp.13 Professor Michael J. CA. Switzerland. respectively. Integrated DNA Technologies.15 PD Martin Hegner received the MSc in Life Sciences and his PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. he built up a biophysically oriented research group focusing on nanomechanical investigations on single biomolecules and lately on multifunctional cantilever arrays for biomedical applications. On joining again the Physical Institute at the University of Basel in 1999. In 1994 he was awarded a Ciba Geigy postdoc fellowship for projects at the Physics Institute of University of Basel and worked on single biomolecule experiments involving scanning probe microscopy. of Electrical and Computer Engineering La Jolla. Amoco. 1987–1989. Inc. Seong-Jun Heo is a process engineer in the conductor etch division at Lam research. Director Molecular Biology.edu Chapter B. Switzerland where he received his MSc in Electrical Engineering in 2005. . He focused on micro. Further steps in his career: NIH Postdoctoral Fellow. In 1996 he joined for three years the research group of C.and nanoscaled pressure sensors. Bustamante at University of Oregon and thereafter at University of California at Berkeley. Nanogen. USA mjheller@ucsd.31 Dr.ethz. He received his PhDin materials science from the University of Florida in 2007. 1993–2001.mavt. University of Dublin School of Physics Dublin..ch Chapter B.14 Thomas Helbling studied at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology at the ETH Zurich. Molecular Biosystems.helbling@micro.and nanosystems technology and the design of integrated electronic circuits (digital and analog). ETH Zurich.and Nanosystems. Switzerland thomas. San Diego. Dr. USA seongjun. Supervisor DNA Technology.ie Chapter B. Northwestern University. Co-founder and CTO. He is interested in semiconductor process as well as computational simulation related to nanotechnology. Fremont. He was a research engineer in the semiconductor division of Samsumg Electronics from 1999 to 2003. Authors Thomas Helbling ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich. Since 2005 he has been a PhD student at the Institute of Micro. where he developed functional interfaces for optical tweezers single molecule experiments. His graduate work was in the area of computational simulation of the mechanical properties of nanoscale materials. Heller University of California San Diego Department of Bioengineering Dept.heo@lamrc. CA. He received his BSc and MD in materials engineering from Hanyang University in Seoul. Heller received his PhD in Biochemistry of Colorado State University in 1973. Zurich. Co-founder and President.hegner@tcd. Korea in 1997 and 1999.

Sc. and Infineon Technologies AG in Munich. Inc. EUROSENSORS) and he is a member of the editorial boards of IEEE/ASME J. Authors Peter Hinterdorfer University of Linz Institute for Biophysics Linz.and nanofluidics devices as well as large systems with applications in physical and environmental chemistry.Sc.hierold@micro. Since 2002 he has been at Innovation Plaza Hokkaido.ac. Hodko received his B. Christofer Hierold is a member of the international steering committees of the major conferences in the field (MEMS. Hodko is presently a Director of Advanced Technology at Nanogen. he was eleven years with Siemens AG.hinterdorfer@jku. He has intensive experience in managing Government supported project and was a Principal Investigator on more than 25 federally funded projects. His major research at ETH Zurich is now focused on the field of nanotransducers. Corporate Research. His main research focus is in high-resolution magnetic imaging of magnetic materials surfaces using a scanning force microscope. Japan hosoi@cris.. tech. working mainly on CMOS compatible microsystems. Institute for Biophysics.and Nanosystems. Before. Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics (1992/1993). San Diego. Austria peter.27 Peter Hinterdorfer earned a Dr. . Hirotaka Hosoi Hokkaido University Creative Research Initiative Sousei Sapporo. He has more than 20 years of industrial experience in the development of innovative technologies (17 issued patents) and products in the areas of bioanalytical and micro.26 Hendrik Hölscher studied physics at the University of Hamburg. and Ph.14 Christofer Hierold is Professor for Micro. Micromechanics and Microengineering and Joint Editor of the book series Advanced Micro.and Nanosystems at ETHZurich since April 2002. Croatia. After two years at the Center of Advanced European Studies and Research (CAESAR) in Bonn he was the head of the research group nanoForce at the Center for Nanotechnology at the University of Münster. Dr.mavt. M.at Chapter C. Microelectromechanical Systems and of J.ethz.ch Chapter B. evaluation of new materials for MEMS and advanced microsystems.hoelscher@imt.com Chapter B.D. Germany.jp Chapter C. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Virginia. USA dhodko@nanogen. Austria. where he holds a position as Associate Professor.hokudai. He is the inventor of TREC (topography and recognition) imaging. Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). Germany hendrik.fzk. Switzerland christofer. His current and ongoing research includes single-molecule force spectroscopy and high-resolution topography imaging of biological samples. Hendrik Hölscher Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Institute of Microstructure Technology Karlsruhe. TRANSDUCERS.23 Hirotaka Hosoi received the DE degree in Electronic Enginnering from Hokkaido University in 1999. Since then he has been at the University of Linz. Inc.13 Dr. degrees in chemical engineering and chemistry from the University of Zagreb. Since spring 2008 he has been working at the Institute of Microstructure Technology (IMT) at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Institute for Biophysics in 1992.de Chapter C. Dalibor Hodko Nanogen. from the University of Linz. CA. His current research interests includes magnetism on metal-oxide surfaces.1898 About the Authors Christofer Hierold ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich.

ucsb. San Diego Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering La Jolla. Santa Barbara as Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department. CA. Jacob N. Irving North Carolina State University Materials Science and Engineering Raleigh.29 Jacob Israelachvili earned his PhD 1971 at the Cavendish Laboratory. including those of Professional Fellow and Head of Department. Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. He is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering. Sungho Jin University of California.22 Sungho Jin received PhD degree in Materials Science from UC Berkeley in 1974.32 Katrin Hübner finalized her Diploma in Physics in the Department of Experimental Physics of Ulm University. Germany katrin. His research include nanomaterials. . Ulm. CA. Douglas L.edu Chapter B.31 Dr. USA jacob@engineering. After 26 years of research at Bell Labs. Israelachvili University of California Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Department Santa Barbara. He also received the MRS Medal in 2004 and the ACS National Award in Colloid and Interface Science in 2009.About the Authors 1899 Katrin Hübner Staatliche Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm Neu-Ulm. respectively. and received John Bardeen Award. In 1986 he joined the faculty at University of California. electronic materials and biomaterials. CA. Guangyao Jia University of California. Germany. Now she is teaching math and physics at the Fachoberschule Neu-Ulm. he joined UC San Diego in 2002 as a Distinguished Professor. USA jin@ucsd. He held various positions at the Department of Applied Mathematics at the Australian National University (1974–1986). He was elected as a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Engineering in 1996 and to the National Academy of Sciences in 2004. Currently he is working with Professor Marc Madou on his PhD degree in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California.19 Guangyao Jia received his BE degree in Mechanical Engineering from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in China in 1990 and his MSc degree in Chemical Engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in 2001.de Chapter D. Germany. NC. USA gjia@uci.edu Chapter C.edu Chapter D.huebner1@web. His research includes centrifuge-based microfluidics for flow-through DNA hybridization and microfluidic PCR chips for rapid DNA amplification. USA doug_irving@ncsu. Authors Douglas L. and in 1991 he was awarded the Alpha Chi Sigma Award for Chemical Engineering Research by the AIChE. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. Afterwards she spent two years on researching pancreatic cancer cells mainly using AFM and PFM.edu Chapter D. University of Cambridge. Irving is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) at North Carolina State University. MRS Fellow. He received his BS in Physics from Furman University in 1997 and his MS and PhD in MSE from the University of Florida in 2002 and 2004. Irvine. His research is focused on the study of materials in extreme environments using theoretical and computational approaches that range from multi-scale to electronic structure methods. UK. APS Fellow.

Belgium. protein energy landscapes and single molecule techniques.D. Leuven. . including design and fabrication of micro/nanostructures for superhydrophobicity. Cleveland. His research interests are in bio/nanotechnology and biomimetics. USA rdkamm@mit. USA kahn@cwru. where she was involved in the MEMS processing development. self-cleaning and low adhesion.il Chapter C.ac. Ruti Kapon Weizmann Institute of Science Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. Belgium jourdain@imec. In 2000. Senior Engineer Process Development Team Gyeonggi-Do. A primary objective of Kamm’s research group has been the application of fundamental concepts in fluid and solid mechanics to better understand essential biological and physiological phenomena.kapon@weizmann. In 1999. These works have led to over 160 journal publications. He is the current chair of the US National Committee on Biomechanics and the World Council on Biomechanics. she joined the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC).com Chapter F. she joined the RF-MEMS team where she is currently in charge of the packaging of RF-MEMS devices. Harold Kahn Case Western Reserve University Department of Materials Science and Engineering Cleveland. Roger Kamm Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Biological Engineering Cambridge. and received the PhD degree in 1998 from the University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble. Israel ruti. Her research interests include transport phenomena in biological systems.50 Harold Kahn is Researcher Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Case Western Reserve University. Studies over the past thirty years have addressed issues in the respiratory. Korea yc423..edu Chapter D. the molecular mechanisms of cellular force sensation. He is currently a Ph. He received a BS in metallurgical engineering from Lafayette College and a PhD in electronic materials from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Authors Yong Chae Jung Samsung Electronics C. France in 1994. ocular and cardiovascular systems. and Director of the Global Enterprise for Micro Mechanics and Molecular Medicine.27 Ruti Kapon received her PhD in applied physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Ltd. More recently. France. She did her PhD in LETI-CEA.42 Yong Chae Jung received the BS degree from Sungkyunkwan University. Ohio.jung@samsung.49 Anne Jourdain received the MSc degree in Opto-Microelectronics from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs de Caën. his attention has focused on two new areas.edu Chapter H. He is a Fellow of the American Institute for Biomedical Engineering and the American Society for Mechanical Engineering. OH. His research is focused on MEMS device processing and testing. and the development of new scaffold materials and microfluidic technologies for vascularized engineered tissues. MA. France. She joined Ziv Reich’s group at the department of Biological Chemistry at the Weizmann institute of Science as a post-doc and is now a staff scientist in the group.35 Roger Kamm is the Germeshausen Professor of Mechanical and Biological Engineering and Associate Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. Los Angeles in 2004. particularly wafer-level mechanical testing and shape-memory actuated microfluidics. South Korea in 2001 and the MS degree from University of Southern California. Grenoble.1900 About the Authors Anne Jourdain Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC) Leuven.be Chapter H. candidate in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University.

Seoul. Germany in 2007. behavioural. He works on microfluidic systems for biological sample preparation. molecular. Richmond.19 Jitae Kim received the BSc degree from Hanyang University. His research interests are modeling. Austin. USA jitaekim@uci.36 Professor Josef Alfons Käs is heading the Division of Soft Matter Physics and is Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics I at the University of Leipzig. Berkeley. He was with DiCon Fiberoptics. His major research interest is CD (compact disk)-based microfluidics for sample preparation in nucleic acid analysis. in 1999. the MS degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas. respectively. CA. South Korea kimjb@yonsei. After a position as Assistant Professor in the Physics Department at the University of Texas at Austin he accepted an appointment at the University of Leipzig. where he is currently an Assistant Professor with the School of Mechanical Engineering.de Chapter D.Kiessling@uni-leipzig.52 Jongbaeg Kim received the BS degree in Mechanical Engineering from Yonsei University. where he designed and developed high-performance optical MEMS components for telecommunication applications. He received his PhD from the Technical University of Munich followed by a Postdoc position at Harvard Medical School. Nahui Kim Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology Research and Development Seoul. He is currently a doctoral student in mechanical engineering (BioMEMS) at UC.ac. She has four years of industrial experience as a circuit engineer. . Tobias Kießling University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig.uni-leipzig.de Chapter D. He then joined the Yonsei University.kim@samsung. Germany Tobias. South Korea and MS from University of Southern California in 1998 and 2001.19 Nahui Kim received the MS and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California at Irvine. Germany jkaes@physik. and microfluidics as well as cellular mechanics and stem cell separation.com Chapter B. His research interests include all fields of cell biophysics with a particular focus on cellular biomechanics probed by optical traps and scanning force microscopy.kr Chapter H. and pharmacological analysis of organismal stress response and antidepressants action. Her recent research work involves a compact disc-based microfluidic platform for genetic.19 Horacio Kido holds BSc and MSc degrees from Stanford University in Biological Sciences as well as a PhD from the University of California at Davis in Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry. Jitae Kim University of California at Irvine Department of Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Currently she work in the R&D at Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. TX. He is currently working on his PhD degree with Professor Josef Käs on an interdisciplinary project including laser physics. from 2004 to 2005.About the Authors 1901 Josef Käs University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Germany. and integrated nanostructures on MEMS. Authors Horacio Kido University of California at Irvine Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. Korea. design and fabrication of microsystems. CA.edu Chapter B. in 2004. and the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California. Inc. Jongbaeg Kim Yonsei University School of Mechanical Engineering Seoul.edu Chapter B.. South Korea nahui. CA. USA hkido@uci. Irvine. optics.36 Tobias Kießling received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. in 1997.

MA. USA jingkong@mit. With his group. He worked at University of London and at the Niels Bohr Institute. Dr Lal holds several patents based upon AFM cantilever arrays. Anders Kristensen Technical University of Denmark DTU Nanotech Kongens Lyngby. In addition to seminal research publications in the field of nanomedicine.koch@hochschule. Authors Jing Kong Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cambridge. His current research on miniaturized sensor and actuator technology includes optical sensing and actuation in nanofluidic devices. Kleve.rhein-waal. superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic biomimetic surfaces. Kerstin Koch received her Diploma. biological surfaces. FRET and related optical microscopy. IL. and nanoimprint lithography. Germany kerstin.and nanostructures. Prof Lal was the UTS Invited Professor in Sydney for their BioNanotechnology initiative and a New Zealand Government International Science Scholar. he was a faculty member at the University of Chicago and the University of California at Santa Barbara before assuming his current position as a Professor and the Director of the newly established Center of Nanomedicine at the University of Chicago. Professor Lal is an authority on biomedical applications of atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoscale imaging of complex biological systems.dk Chapter A.dtu. microfluidics. characterization.22 Professor Lal received his MS and M Phil in Physics and Biophysics from Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and PhD in Neurobiology from UAB. and PhD in Chemistry from Stanford University.edu Chapter A. Germany. Germany.kristensen@nanotech. fundamental property studies and application with carbon nanomaterials. origin and functions of micro. Since 2009 she is Professor for Biology and Nanobiotechnology at the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science. Her research interests lie in the synthesis.6 Tobias Kraus currently heads a Junior Research Group at the Leibniz-Institute for New Materials (INM) in Saarbrücken. de Chapter F. holds a PhD in Materials Science (ETH Zurich) and was a postdoctoral associate at IBM Research in Zurich. Germany. including Time.4 Jing Kong is Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. nanoscale fluid behavior and new TIRF. Ratnesh Lal University of Chicago Center for Nanomedicine Chicago. he investigates the mechanisms that create ordered structures at small scales. .9 Professor Anders Kristensen received his PhD in Physics from University of Copenhagen in 1994. University of Copenhagen. molecular architecture of plant surface lipids (waxes). Biology and Nanobiotechnology Kleve. primarily in systems that contain nanoparticles. Smithsonian and UPI. such as nanotubes and graphene. USA rlal@uchicago.edu Chapter C.1902 About the Authors Kerstin Koch Rhine-Waal University of Applied Science Department of Life Science. He has presented many international keynote lectures and his work has featured in many popular magazines and news media. Denmark anders. Switzerland. Germany tobias. before he joined the Technical University of Denmark in 2001. After postdoctoral training at Caltech. The main topics of the research include molecular self-assembly. She obtained her BS degree in Chemistry from Peking University in China. He is a Chemical Engineer (TU Munich). PhD and Habillitation (2006) in Biology from the University of Bonn. optoelectronics and nanotubes for medical diagnostics and medical nanodevices. Research in his lab involves the development of nanotechnologies for nanomedicine.de Chapter A. Tobias Kraus Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien gGmbH Saarbrücken.41 Professor Dr.kraus@inm-gmbh.

fr Chapter A. carbon nanotubes (synthesis of singleand double-walled CNTs. teaching molecular. potentially leading to muscular dystrophy in mechanically strained tissues or increased atherosclerosis in vascular cells exposed to fluid shear stress and vessel strain. he is working as a postdoc at IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the field of cantilever array sensors. Since 2000. MA before becoming a faculty member at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. and since 1994. His areas of interest include subcellular biomechanics and the cellular signaling response to mechanical stimulation. characterization and mechanical properties of ceramic-matrix nanocomposites. Dr. Christophe Laurent Université Paul Sabatier CIRIMAT UMR 5085 CNRS Toulouse. Lammerding received his BE from the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College.About the Authors 1903 Jan Lammerding Harvard Medical School Brigham and Women’s Hospital Cambridge. Since 1996. Christophe Laurent is Professor of Materials Chemistry at University Paul Sabatier and is the head of the Nanocomposites and Carbon Nanotubes group of CIRIMAT. Cambridge. he directed research in the pulsed laser deposition and low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy groups at the Institute of Physics in Basel. Boston. localized growth.ups-tlse.34 Carmen LaTorre holds BSc and MSc degrees in Mechanical Engineering from The Ohio State University. and a PhD in Biological Engineering from MIT. Richard Lee’s laboratory at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.edu Chapter D. Ohio. National Competence Center for Research in Nanoscale Science (NCCR) Basel Basel. USA carmen.lang@unibas. He has given more than 100 scientific presentations and has published about 110 scientific articles in renowned journals. Authors Hans Peter Lang University of Basel Institute of Physics. Carmen LaTorre Owens Corning Science and Technology Roofing and Asphalt Granville. formation mechanisms. In particular. cellular. where his primary focus is on fiberglass insulation product/process development. Switzerland hans-peter. characterization. ceramic-matrix composites). hydrogen storage. France laurent@chimie. he is a project leader in a project focused on biochemical applications of cantilever array sensors. . Germany. he is focusing on how mutations in nuclear envelope proteins such as lamin can render cells more sensitive to mechanical stress. His research include in the synthesis. a Diplom Ingenieur degree in Mechanical Engineering from RWTH Aachen University in Aachen.35 Dr. He is currently an engineer at the Owens Corning Science and Technology Center in Granville. MA. He completed his post-doctoral training in Dr.ch Chapter B.15 Dr.bwh. Hans Peter Lang received a PhD in physics from the University of Basel in 1994. As a postdoc.latorre@owenscorning.harvard. and tissue biomechanics.com Chapter D. OH. in addition he is as a lecturer at the Biological Engineering Department at MIT. MA. USA jlammerding@rics. Lammerding is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School serving in the Department of Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital.3 Dr.

SA. Dr. Lee is a Professor in the Departments of Biomedical Engineering (BME) and Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of California at Irvine. USA lee@bme. a DARPA-industry supported research center. he was a Senior Technology Advisor in the Office of Technology and Industrial Relations at the National Cancer Institute.20 Abraham (Abe) P. Dr.leifert@csiro. His areas of interests are in cell and membrane physiology. “smart” nanomedicine for early detection and treatment. automated cell sorting technologies.16 Stephen C. owns 33 issued US patents and has published over 100 peer reviewed papers in journals and conference proceedings. He is currently Associate Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biochemistry.ohio-state. Lee currently serves as Editor for the Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems and International Advisory Editorial Board member of Lab on a Chip journal. His current research is focused on the development of “digital” micro/ nano fluidic platforms for the following applications: biosensors to detect environmental and terrorism threats.edu Chapter B. and a program manager in the Microsystems Technology Office of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). Chapter B.edu Chapter B.1904 About the Authors Abraham P. owns 33 issued US patents He has given more than 100 invited presentations. Authors Wayne R. Lee is a pioneer in the field of semi-biological nanodevices (nanobiological devices). Lee received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. Leifert Adelaide Business Centre CSIRO Human Nutrition Adelaide. Dr. and tissue engineering and cell-based therapeutics. His recent research has focused on the G-protein coupled receptor signalling processes particularly for construction of cell-free biosensors utilizing nano-and biotechnologies to adapt for multiple applications including medical diagnostics and high throughput drug screening. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Biomolecular Screening. Lee Ohio State University Biomedical Engineering Center Columbus.au Stephen C. He has given more than 100 invited presentations. edited two special journal issues. He also serves as the Director of the Micro/nano Fluidics Fundamentals Focus (MF3) Center. South Australia. Lee University of California Irvine Department of Biomedical Engineering Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Irvine. USA aplee@uci. Prior to joining the UCI faculty in 2002. OH. CA.17 Wayne Leifert received his PhD in Membrane Physiology from the University of Adelaide. particularly for application in oncology and cardiovascular disease. His interests are in enabling technologies for the incorporation of functional proteins and nucleic acids into nanodevices. Australia wayne. and is author of 5 book chapters. biochemistry and molecular biology of G-protein coupled receptors. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery and other journals in the field. He served as editor of 4 books. point-of-care diagnostics. Lee started his career at Lawrence Livermoore NL and led projects on the treatment of stroke and CBW defense. having published the first monograph devoted to the topic in 1998. . Chemical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at the Ohio State University.

He has a chair for Experimental Physics and the Director of the Institute of Experimental Physics at Ulm University. His research at IBM focuses on the exploration and application of nanoscale electronic devices based on carbon materials. His research interests are in design. Dr. polymer physics and optics and combinations thereof.32 Dr.4 Dr. CA. USA yming@us.About the Authors 1905 Liwei Lin UC Berkeley Mechanical Engineering Department Berkeley. Hsinchu. Berkeley. C-MEMS and CD based fluidics. J. Madou is a Chancellor’s Professor at UC Irvine in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. and dynamics. patents in the area of MEMS. noise characterization and reduction in carbon nanotube devices and the demonstration of a carbon nanotube ring oscillator. and micro/nanoactuators as well as mechanical issues in micro/nanosystems. USA lwlin@me. He led the effort to establish the MEMS division in ASME and served as the founding Chairman of the Executive Committee from 2004 to 2005. Germany othmar.J. CA.edu Chapter B.S. Othmar Marti Ulm University Institute of Experimental Physics Ulm. His recent work also involved the fabrication and characterization of graphene RF devices. where he is currently Chancellor’s Professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department and Co-director at the Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center. and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2000 and 2003. respectively. Since 1999. modeling and fabrication of micro/nanostructures. in 1991 and 1993. Madou received his PhD from the Rijksuniversiteit. University of Michigan from 1996 to 1999. including heat transfer. Belgium.marti@uni-ulm. D.. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). Yu-Ming Lin received the BS in physics from National Taiwan University in 1996. Lin joined the IBM T. National Taiwan University. Dr. respectively. Solid-State Physics Laboratory in 1978.C. Othmar Marti is a specialist for scanning probe microscopies since the very early days of that technique. micro/ nanosensors. where he is currently a research staff member in the Physical Science department. from 1994 to 1996 and an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department.52 Liwei Lin received the BS degree in power mechanical engineering from National Tsing Hua University. He is the holder of nine U. USA mmadou@uci. He was an Associate Professor in the Institute of Applied Mechanics. in 1986. Specific contributions include the understanding of transport characteristics in carbon nanotubes.21.ibm. solid/fluid mechanics. Marc J. he has been with University of California.edu Chapter H. Watson Research Center Nanometer Scale Science & Technology Yorktown Heigths. Taiwan. Authors Yu-Ming Lin IBM T. Ghent. Current projects include polymer actuators (for drug delivery). and the MS and PhD degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California. His research focuses on miniaturization science (MEMS and NEMS) with emphasis on chemical and biological applications.com Chapter A. R. Berkeley. His current research is focused on life science.O. He was awarded Gold Medal by MRS for his graduate studies in 2002.berkeley. . China. Madou University of California Irvine Department of Mechanical and Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Irvine.de Chapters C. Watson Research Center in 2003.19 Dr. NY.

France) and Prof. Dively Professor of Engineering endowed chair from January 1998 until July 2000. including sensors. From 1986 to 1990 he was a consultant to the Robotic Systems Research Department at ATandT Bell Laboratories. His accomplishments include the development of wafer fab and packaging processes that have been used by Analog Devices to produce MEMS products since 1992.jp Chapter A. Inc. Etienne Menard Semprius. including Advanced Micromachines Incorporated (now part of The Goodrich Corporation). he worked at NEC Corporation. Inc. Mehran Mehregany Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. OH. ultra-high conversion efficiency quad-junction solar cells and innovative ultra-thin flexible solar technologies.tufts. Rogers at UIUC. In 1990 he joined the Department of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics at Case Western Reserve University as an Assistant Professor.1906 About the Authors Jack Martin Foxborough. MA. Prior to joining the University of Hyogo. John A. high performance photovoltaic modules using micro-optic concentrators. USA jack. Professor Mehregany is the founder/co-founder of several technology companies. where he pursues his research interests in flexible display backplanes driven by transfer printed micro-ICs. and his MSc and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986 and 1990. His research interests are in micro.edu Chapter H. micromachining and microfabrication technologies. USA etienne. .51 Jack Martin has been a technologist and manager in research.11. Electronics.12 Professor Mehran Mehregany received his BSc in Electrical Engineering from the University of Missouri in 1984. USA mxm31@cwru.7 Dr.ac. FLX Micro. Shinji Matsui is a Professor at the University of Hyogo.martin@alumni. His significant works were the demonstration of electron-beam induced deposition and atomic-beam holography. actuators. He has a PhD in Materials Science. He holds approximately 50 issued and pending patents. Professor Mehregany is well known for his research in the area of MEMS. He is currently founding scientist of Semprius. NC. Inc. Durham.10 Etienne Menard received an engineering diploma in Electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Engineering in Electrotechnology. He held the George S. respectively.u-hyogo. when he was appointed the Goodrich Professor of Engineering Innovation. Authors Shinji Matsui University of Hyogo Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry Hyogo. he has been serving as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department. and NineSigma. In 2005 he obtained a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University “Pierre et Marie Curie” (Paris. His additional specialized interest centers on developing silicon carbide as an enabling material for MEMS and NEMS. He was awarded the Nord Assistant Professorship in 1991 and was promoted to Full Professor in July 1997. and is a Licensed Professional Engineer. in particular for applications in harsh environments.com Chapter A. His current research is focused on the three-dimensional nanofabrication by focused-ion-beam chemical-vapor-deposition and nanoimprint at room temperature. Inc. development and manufacture of industrial MEMS products for over 30 years. where he was a key contributor to ground-breaking research in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). Since January 2003. a BS and MS in Chemical Engineering. Japan matsui@lasti. B. He served as the Director of the MEMS Research Center at Case from July 1995 until December 2002. He obtained his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from Osaka University in 1981.menard@semprius. and his work has been widely covered by domestic and foreign media. Computer Science and Hydraulics (ENSEEIHT) at Toulouse (France) in 2002. France) and the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under the direction of Denis Fichou at the “Laboratoire des Semi-Conducteurs Organiques” (CEA/SACLAY.edu Chapters A.

ch Chapter D. At Berkeley. Luzzi from University of Pennsylvania. Smith and Professor D. He is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research and European Associate Editor of CARBON Journal. Professor Mofrad is the founder of the Mechanotransduction Knowledgebase Mechanotransduction. he is running a development program on CMOS-MEMS integrated systems.E.35 Dr.fr Chapter A. including cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. CA.meyer@unibas. He was involved in several pan-European research programs on radio frequency MEMS devices. Switzerland ernst. Belgium in 2009 while he was at the Interuniversity Microelectronics Center IMEC between 2002 and 2007. France monthiou@cemes. His main research activities are in the area of NEMS/MEMS and CMOS-MEMS integrated products with a strong focus on competitiveness. and cardiovascular disease. of the Editorial Board of Tribology Letters. After earning MSc and PhD degrees from the Universities of Waterloo and Toronto. respectively. CMOS-MEMS integrated gyroscopes and optical MEMS in cooperation with research centers. discovered the ability of single-wall nanotubes in being filled by foreign molecules the same year. Authors Robert Modliñski Baolab Microsystems Terrassa. Professor Mofrad is an expert in the areas of molecular cell mechanics and mechanotransduction. At present. . Iran.About the Authors 1907 Ernst Meyer University of Basel Institute of Physics Basel. Dr. Before joining the faculty at Berkeley. He is interested in friction force and dynamic force microscopy with true atomic resolution. testing and characterization. he is member of the Swiss and American Physical Society.Carbons and Carbon-Containing Materials Toulouse. He is involved in research on carbon nanotubes since 1998. reliability and price.com Chapter H. Marc Monthioux CEMES .49 Robert Modliñski has been a researcher and manager in the design. Poland in 2001 and his PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. development and fabrication of microsystems. and co-editor of books on atomic force microscopy.K.3 Marc Monthioux has been working on carbon materials for more than 20 years. He is also active in the field of sensors based upon micromechanics and magnetic spin resonance detection with force microscopy. associated with B. Mofrad was a principal research scientist at MIT for nearly two years. Berkeley Department of Bioengineering Berkeley. Spain rmodlinski@gmx. he spent two years at MIT and Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital as a post-doctoral fellow. He received the MSc degree in Electronics and Microsystems from the Wroc³aw University of Technology.30 Ernst Meyer is professor of physics at the University of Basel. Spain. Awarded from the Swiss Physical Society. including a recent book on cellular mechanotransduction: diverse perspectives from molecules to tissue. companies and universities. Mofrad has co-edited three books on topics related to cytoskeletal mechanics and computational biomechanics. Mofrad received his BSc degree from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. he has developed and taught several new courses. and models of cell mechanics: dynamics of the cytoskeleton and nucleus. Mohammad R. Mohammad Mofrad University of California.org. Dr. biological transport phenomena.UPR A-8011 CNRS Carbones et Matériaux Carbonés. Mofrad is currently on the Bioengineering faculty at the University of California. molecular cell biomechanics. USA mofrad@berkeley. Dr.edu Chapter D. Berkeley. post-process programs on dry release etching and 3-D surface modification of CMOS-MEMS integrated systems being the process development and reliability manager at Baolab Microsystems.

biomicrorobotics. WI. an MSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Minnesota in 1987. sensor integration. Africa.33. His research interests include spin-polarized STM. nanostructure concerning electron spin and molecular/biological materials and devices.jp Chapter C. Koichi Mukasa Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. and nanorobotics. exchange force microscopy. He has achieved mapping. Mukasa is a Professor of Electronics at Hokkaido University. and the PhD degree in Robotics (School of Computer Science) from Carnegie Mellon University in 1995.edu Chapters D.osaka-u. Michael Nosonovsky University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Mechanical Engineering Milwaukee.hokudai. and web-based control and programming of robots.ch Chapter G. and Professor at ETH in 2002.46 Brad Nelson is the Professor of Robotics and Intelligent Systems at ETH-Zürich and is the director of the Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems (IRIS).23 K. Germany mmorgens@physik. Japan. MEMS (sensors and actuators).24 Markus Morgenstern earned his PhD from the Institute of Interface Research and Vacuum Physics of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. .1908 About the Authors Markus Morgenstern RWTH Aachen University II. Japan smorita@ele. He has discovered two-dimensional friction with a lattice periodicity and two-dimensional solid phase of densely contact-electrified electrons on SiO2 thin films in ambient conditions. Mott spin detectors.ac. where he worked on the magnetic thin film heads and materials. and NEMS. Bradley J. discrimination and control of atoms with atomic resolution and also atom manipulation based on a mechanical method using the noncontact AFM apparatus. His most recent scientific contributions have been in the area of microrobotics.eng. F. Germany in 1996. including efforts in robotic micromanipulation. Since 1007. USA nosonovs@uwm.jp Chapter C. force control. Nelson Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems Zurich. In 1995 he became Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Ltd. After one year of research at the University of Paris VII he joined the Group of Professor Roland Wiesendanger in 1997 as a Senior Scientist. Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota in 1998. Sapporo. Japan mukasa@nano.42 Michael Nosonovsky is an Assistant Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. and served as a United States Peace Corps Volunteer in Botswana.rwth-aachen. Professor Nelson received a BSc (Mechanical Engineering) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1984. His research interests include surface and contact mechanics. mechanical manipulation of biological cells and tissue.eng. In 1980 he joined Alps Electric Co.23 Professor Seizo Morita works in atomic force microscopy (AFM) research.ac. self-organization and biomimetcs. nanotribology. Switzerland bnelson@ethz. he is Scientific Director of JARA-FIT (Jülich-Aachen Research Alliance: Fundamentals of Future Information Technology). He got his PhD from Northeastern University (Boston) and worked as a Postdoc at Ohio State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology (Maryland). Institute of Physics B and JARA-FIT Aachen. His primary research direction lies in extending robotics research into emerging areas of science and engineering.de Chapter C. In 2004 he received the Schottky -Prize of the German Science foundation and started as a full Professor at the RWTH Aachen. In 2002 he completed his Habilitation at the University of Hamburg with the subject scanning tunneling spectroscopy on semiconductor systems and nanostructures. microassembly. Authors Seizo Morita Osaka University Department of Electronic Engineering Osaka. During these years he also worked as an engineer at Honeywell and Motorola. He has also contributed to the fields of visual servoing. In 1987 he moved to the university. magnetic force microscopy. capillary effects.

Robert Puers Katholieke Universiteit Leuven ESAT/MICAS Leuven.ksp. He is the author or co-author of more than 300 papers on biotelemetry. on signal processing and coding for optical storage technologies. From 1980 he was employed as a Research Assistant at the Laboratory ESAT at K. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK). where he also obtained his PhD in 1986.be Chapter H.and double-walled carbon nanotubes and the preparation of nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. He is Associate Professor of materials chemistry at the Paul Sabatier University. Belgium bob.com Chapter G. Related to this research field is the examination of damping of torsional oscillations of cantilevers when approaching the sample.ibm.com Chapter D.jp Chapter C. Since 1994 he concentrates on the synthesis of single. Leuven.pfeiffer@gmail.kuleuven. MEMS and packaging in reviewed journals or international conferences.U. Oliver Pfeiffer Individual Computing GmbH Dornach.U. Authors Alain Peigney Centre Inter-universitaire de Recherche sur l’Industrialisation des Matériaux (CIRIMAT) Toulouse.puers@esat. with focus on DVD and Blue-Ray-Disc.About the Authors 1909 Hiroshi Onishi Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology Surface Chemistry Laboratory Kanagawa.fr Chapter A. Hiroshi Onishi is an experimental chemist at the Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology interested in molecule-scale reaction kinetics at interfaces by observing molecules moving and reacting over metal oxide surfaces with time-lapse imaging with scanning probe microscopes. he is as a Full Professor at the K. Domestic societies encouraged him with awards to further develop his research towards nano-scale chemistry. After working with Philips Research.or. Dr. Pozidis joined IBM Research in 2001. the Netherlands. Switzerland hap@zurich. . MEMS and packaging techniques. In 1986 he became Director (NFWO) of the clean room facilities for silicon and hybrid circuit technology at the ESAT-MICAS laboratories of the same university.45 Dr. Toulouse. sintering and microstructural characterization of ceramics and ceramic matrix nanocomposites. He was a pioneer in the European research efforts in silicon micromachined sensors. senior member of the Institute for Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). in 1998. and his MSc degree at the Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven in 1977. France.30 Oliver Pfeiffer studied physics at the University of Basel. His research encompasses the synthesis.3 Professor Alain Peigney is ceramic engineer and has a Doctor in physical chemistry. Haralampos Pozidis IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Storage Technologies Rüschlikon. Switzerland oliver. Japan oni@net. France peigney@chimie. for biomedical implantable systems as well as for industrial devices. PA. Philadelphia. Pozidis received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University. council member of the International Microelectronics and Packaging Society (IMAPS).23 Dr. His research focuses on receiver design for alternative storage technologies. Leuven.49 Professor Robert Puers recieved his BSc degree in electrical engineering in Ghent in 1974.ac. sensors. where he received his PhD for work on energy dissipation of oscillating cantilevers in non-contact AFM. Eindhoven. particularly scanning probe microscopy-based techniques. At present.ups-tlse.

Raymo is Professor in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Miami.edu Chapter A. His research concentrates on transport phenomena in biological systems. in 1950. Weizmann Institute of Science and did his postdoctoral studies at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Raymo University of Miami Department of Chemistry Coral Gables. Liebmann Award in 1981. and Doctorat d’Etat des Sciences Physiques degree from the Université Paul Sabatier.ups-tlse.25 Calvin F. Quate received his BS from the University of Utah in 1944 and the PhD degree from Stanford University. CA. Israel ziv. and a PhD degree in Physical Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has received the IEEE Morris N. France.1910 About the Authors Calvin F. Françisco M.reich@weizmann. Professor Reich was elected an EMBO young investigator and is recipient of the TEVA Pharmaceutical Founders and the Yigal Alon awards. Manitra Razafinimanana University of Toulouse III (Paul Sabatier) Centre de Physique des Plasmaset leurs Applications (CPPAT) Toulouse. His work focuses on synthesis of nanoparticles and nanowires for thermoelectrics. Stanford. MA.4 Oded Rabin is an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Maryland. He earned a BA degree in Chemistry from the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology. Quate is a Member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences. the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1988. USA fraymo@miami. Israel. he is developing photoswitchable fluorescent probes to image biological samples with nanoscaled resolution. MD. Rehovot. Currently. an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society. He has worked on plasma diagnostics.edu Chapter C. sensing. the President’s National Medal of Science in 1992. His research interests lie at the interface of chemistry and biology. an MA degree in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science. France razafinimanana@cpat. College Park.il Chapter C.27 Professor Ziv Reich received his PhD at the Department of Organic Chemistry. He received the 3rd cycle degree. in 1982 and 1986. and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society London. USA quate@stanford. where he has been since 1961. USA oded@umd. Dr. Authors Oded Rabin University of Maryland Department of Materials Science and Engineering College Park. He held positions at Bell Laboratories and Sandia Corporation before joining the faculty at Stanford University.fr Chapter A. and medical imaging technologies. respectively. arc-electrode interaction. Haifa. CA.2 Françisco M.ac. Quate Stanford University Edward L. and single-molecule techniques in applications and development. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Madagascar. Toulouse. protein energy landscapes. Cambridge. His research interests revolve around the scanning probe microscopes. transport coefficients and thermodynamical properties calculation. and the American Physical Society Keithley Award in 2000. In particular. Ziv Reich Weizmann Institute of Science Ha’Nesi Ha’Rishon Department of Biological Chemistry Rehovot. Stanford University. Israel. . the Rank Prize for Opto-electronics in 1982.3 Professor Manitra Razafinimanana was born in Analalava. he has held the position of professor.edu Chapter A. FL. he is a Faculty Member with the Department of Electrical Engineering and the Department of Applied Physics at Stanford University. Since 2000.

where he pursues his research interests in unconventional methods for micro/ Authors Cosmin Roman ETH Zurich Micro and Nanosystems Department of Mechanical and Process Engineering Zurich.ch Chapter B. mechanics. from the University of California. CA. and 1998. Japan sasahara@jaist. He is now Assistant Professor in the School of Materials Science. From MIT.edu Chapter C. respectively. His current research interests include transport phenomena. polymer. USA jrogers@uiuc. Austin. He is currently Founder Professor of Engineering at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.jp Chapter C. Cambridge. Dr. Rogers obtained BA and BS degrees in chemistry and in physics from the University of Texas. he received SM degrees in physics and in chemistry in 1992 and the Ph. and liquid crystal systems. Switzerland cosmin. Santa Barbara in 1996 followed by postdoctoral research at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She received an ASLA-Fulbright grant in 1991 and an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship in 1998. He is interested in local structures formed on solid surfaces and his current research focuses on elucidation of chemical and physical properties of nanoscale structures on metal oxide surfaces and their effect on chemical reaction using scanning probe microcopy.29 Dr. He joined Bell Laboratories as a Member of Technical Staff in 1997 and served as a Research Director from 2000-2002. Marina Ruths is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell. From 1995 to 1997.edu Chapter A. Turkey in 2001 and the PhD degree in Electrical Engineering in 2005 from Stanford University. degree in physical chemistry in 1995. with a specialization in computer science. working on modeling quantum transport and mechanical properties of carbon nanotube-based (CNT) devices for bio-sensing applications. Roman has acquired various competences ranging from programming to condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. or more generally the physics of nanostructures. Dr. During his career. Akira Sasahara Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology School of Materials Science Nomi.D.25 Ozgur Sahin received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Bilkent University. Ozgur Sahin The Rowland Institute at Harvard Cambridge. a research lab that belongs to the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (INPG). Rogers was a Junior Fellow in the Harvard University Society of Fellows. He is currently directing the nanomechanical sensing laboratory at the Rowland Institute at Harvard.14 Cosmin Roman obtained his electrical engineering diploma from the Polytechnic University in Bucharest in 2002. at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research. She received her Ph. Ankara. Her current research includes adhesion. IL.mavt.harvard.ac. friction and nanorheology of surfactant. . MA.D. MS. Rogers University of Illinois Department of Materials Science and Engineering Urbana.About the Authors 1911 John A. and PhD degrees from the University of Tokyo in 1993.edu Chapter D.10 Professor John A.roman@micro. Germany and at Åbo Akademi University. USA sahin@rowland. Roman did his doctoral studies at TIMA laboratory.23 Professor Akira Sasahara received his BS. Marina Ruths University of Massachusetts Lowell Department of Chemistry Lowell. MA. MA.ethz. in 1989. USA marina_ruths@uml. 1995.

Germany. on his PhD degree.26 Dr.schulze@beiersdorf.36 Christian Schulze received the MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Switzerland helmut.de Chapter D. from stamp manufacturing to polymer nanorheology.edu Chapter C. André Schirmeisen is head of the nanomechanics group at the Center for Nanotechnology (CeNTech) at the University of Münster. Helmut Schift is head of the INKA-PSI Group in the Laboratory for Micro. He studied electrical engineering at University of Karlsruhe.and Nanotechnology (LMN) at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Villigen. Udo D. Alexander Schwarz University of Hamburg Institute of Applied Physics Hamburg.e. Germany. Canada and his habilitation degree from Münster University.ch Chapter A. Switzerland. His research interests include atomic resolution imaging of surfaces by non-contact atomic force microscopy. Germany aschwarz@physnet. . and performed his Ph. His work includes all aspects of replication technology. CT. specialising on low-temperature scanning force microscopy and nanotribology. Authors André Schirmeisen University of Münster Institute of Physics Münster.uni-hamburg. Currently he is working within a cooperation of the Research Department of Beiersdorf AG and Professor Josef Käs. Since 1993 he has experience in scientific research in the field of high resolution force microscopy and spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures in ultrahigh vacuum and high magnetic fields. Christian Schulze Beiersdorf AG Research & Development Hamburg. University of Leipzig. christian. Germany schirmeisen@uni-muenster.schwarz@yale. Germany in 2006. Apart from his research he is giving lectures on “Nanotechnology for Engineers” and seminar talks on nanotechnology for a non-scientific audience. . studies at the Institute of Microtechnology Mainz (IMM). Subsequently he moved to the University of Hamburg. Schwarz Yale University Department of Mechanical Engineering New Haven. he joined PSI as a research staff member. USA udo. Germany. Germany. His research includes the characterization of the mechanical properties of human skin cells and tissues. Schwarz received his PhD from the University of Basel in 1993 already using scanning force microscopy.1912 About the Authors Helmut Schift Paul Scherrer Institute Laboratory for Micro.24 Udo D.D. magnetic force microscopy (MFM) and magnetic exchange force microscopy (MExFM). After his graduation in 1994. where he got promoted to Full Professor in 2009. Since 10 years he is involved in the development of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as an alternative nanopatterning method and has worked in national and international projects. i. He is a Senior Scientist and works on atomic-force microscopy (AFM) with atomic resolution as well as related magnetically sensitive techniques.schift@psi. he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Yale University in 2002. nanoionics and nanotribology. After spending a year at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.and Nanotechnology Villigen PSI. He received his PhD degree in Physics from McGill University. France. self-assembly processes of organic molecules. Germany christian. Alexander Schwarz belongs to the scientific staff of the Center of Microstructure Research at the Institute of Applied Physics at the University of Hamburg.9 Dr.com.de Chapter C.24 Dr.de Chapter C.schulze@uni-leipzig.-Ing. and the École Nationale Supérieure de Physique de Strasbourg (ENSPS).

Her current research interests are focused mainly on the processing. Switzerland socoliuc@nanonis. Sinnott University of Florida Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gainesville. design. She is currently application scientist at Specs Zurich GmbH. and an active consultant in the MEMS industry. Olav Solgaard Stanford University E.serp@ensiacet.ufl. Sinnott is a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Florida (UF). Seattle. FL. She received her PhD in Physical Chemistry from Iowa State University and was on the faculty at the University of Kentucky prior to joining UF in 2000. fabrication and characterization of x-ray scintillation inorganic materials and devices for healthcare applications. and holds 18 patents.25 Olav Solgaard received the BS degree in Electrical Engineering from the Norwegian Institute of Technology and the MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. Susan B. He was a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California at Berkeley before joining the University of California at Davis as an Assistant Professor in 1995. France.31 Dr. His current research interests include CVD preparation of nanostructured materials and catalysis. WA.com Chapter A. he moved to Universidade do Porto to carry out post-doctoral research on catalytic CVD to prepare carbon fibers.30 Anisoara Socoliuc received her PhD from the University of Basel. WI.5 Dr. After receiving is PhD from Paul Sabatier University. Anisoara Socoliuc SPECS Zurich GmbH Zurich. respectively.L.3 Dr. in 2006 and both MS and BS degrees from Dalian Institute of Light Industry. Susan B. USA ssinn@mse. . France philippe.fr Chapter A. China. California. Ginzton Laboratory Stanford. Huamei (Mary) Shang is development engineer at GE Healthcare. Her research includes examining the fundamental mechanisms associated with tribology using computational methods. Sunnyvale. USA solgaard@stanford. Philippe Serp is Associate Professor in the Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) at UPR 8241 Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologique. where she worked on control of friction on the nanoscale. Dr. Authors Huamei (Mary) Shang GE Healthcare Milwaukee. In 1999 he joined Stanford University where he is now an Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering. CA. He is a co-founder Silicon Light Machines. Ford Company Fellowship and the Joint Institute of Nanotechnology fellowship. in 1994 with a work on the preparation of supported catalyst.edu Chapter C.edu Chapter D. Shang is the author of over 25 publications and 3 book chapters. Toulouse.shang@ge.About the Authors 1913 Philippe Serp Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Ingénieurs en Arts Chimiques et Technologiques Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination (LCC) Toulouse. She received her PhD degree from the University of Washington. His research interests are optical devices and systems for communication and measurements with an emphasis on semiconductor fabrication and MEMS technology. CA.com Chapter D. Her major awards include O’Brien Memorial Fellowship. He has authored more than 150 technical publications. Dalian. in 2002 and 1998. USA huamei.

Yu-Chuan Su ESS 210 Department of Engineering and System Science 101 Hsinchu. His research is focused on the mechanical characterization of biopolymer bundles using optical tweezers.osaka-u.23 Yasuhiro Sugawara received his PhD in 1988 from Tohoku University and is Professor in the Department of Applied Physics of the Graduate School of Engineering at Osaka University since 2002. In 2004. Hokkaido University.jp Chapter C.edu.nthu.and microfluidic systems for biomedical applications. respectively. Currently he is a PhD student in the Soft Matter Physics group of Professor Josef Käs at the University of Leipzig.tw Chapter H.23 Kazuhisa Sueoka is currently Professor at the Graduate School of Information Science and Technology. Authors Carsten Stüber University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. in 1993 and 1995.eng. droplet metering and manipulation. Japan sueoka@nano. Taiwan ycsu@ess.52 Yu-Chuan Su received the BS and MS degrees in Power Mechanical Engineering from the National Tsing Hua University. His research focuses on the further development of scanning probe microscopes and their applications. In 2003. Yasuhiro Sugawara Osaka University Department of Applied Physics Osaka. including protein crystallization. Germany in 2006. His aim is also to develop new nanomaterials and nanodevices by manipulation of single atoms and molecules using the atomic force microscope.ac. Kazuhisa Sueoka Graduate School of Information Science and Technology Hokkaido University Nanoelectronics Laboratory Sapporo. and single electron transistor.jp Chapter C. and controlled drug delivery. .36 Dan Strehle received his Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. development of electron spin analyzer and application to scanning electron microscopy.strehle@uni-leipzig. Berkeley.isthokudai.de Chapter D. and fabrication of cantilevers equipped with sensor devices such as magnetoresistance sensors. especially the noncontact atomic force microscope for the observation of solid surfaces at the atomic and molecular level.ac. magnetic nanoparticles. he joined the National Tsing Hua University. His research interests are in design and fabrication of polymer-based nano. Germany stueber@rz.36 Carsten Stüber received his MSc in Physics from the University of Leipzig. and is now an Assistant Professor in the Engineering and System Science Department. non-contact atomic force microscopy and surface spin imaging.de Chapter D. ferromagnetic/semiconductor heterostructure. Germany in 2006. Germany dan.uni-leipzig. Taiwan. he received the PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering with an emphasis on MEMS technology from the University of California.1914 About the Authors Dan Strehle University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. Japan sugawara@ap. His research interests include spin polarized scanning tunnelling microscopy and local spin injection.. The PhD student in biophysics is researching the internal cell structure using optical technologies as well as cell characterization combining Raman spectroscopy and optical traps. Taiwan.

Currently. While in Irvine.edu Chapter B. USA pswanson@nexogentech. Davis in 2004. monodispersed particle and vesicle formation and their biological applications. USA bdsulliv@TearLab.13 Benjamin Sullivan is a Biomedical Engineer with a research focus on nanoscale optoentropic transduction mechanisms in order to improve specificity of diagnostic assays. Yung-Chieh Tan Washington University School of Medicine Department of Medicine Division of Dermatology St. She worked in the biotech industry before pursuing a graduate degree at University of California. CA. Inc. The Netherlands spengen@physics. W. Shia-Yen Teh University of California at Irvine Biomedical Engineering Department Irvine. Swanson is the Vice President of Engineering at Nexogen. he is at Leiden University. He is currently Chief Scientific Officer of TearLab Corp. San Diego. He is currently developing micro-transdermal drug delivery devices at Washington University in St. in 1999. The Netherlands. CA. USA ytanster@gmail. Her interests include multiphase microfluidics. CA. Authors Paul Swanson Nexogen.20 Shia-Yen Teh received a BS in Biosystems Engineering from University of California. MO. Irvine. CA. while staying at the Independent Microelectronics Research Institute IMEC. Merlijn van Spengen Leiden University Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory Leiden.com Chapter B. Belgium. working on the application of nanotribological principles to MEMS. with and without integrated active circuitry. He is an inventor on patents ranging fromdevices for molecular biological analysis to laser logic devices. Here he studied MEMS reliability and characterization with a focus on stiction and charge-induced defects. In 2004 he obtained the PhD degree from the Catholic University of Leuven. Engineering San Diego.20 Dr. San Diego.com Chapter B. Louis.com Chapter B. and drug delivery. USA steh@uci. specializing in the field of microfluidics with Professor Abraham Lee.nl Chapter H. Prior to obtaining his PhD in Bioengineering at the University of California. Benjamin spent six years researching molecular profiles of the tear film while at the Schepens Eye Research Institute as an affiliate of Harvard Medical School. Yung-Chieh Tan received his PhD from the University of California at Irvine. The Netherlands. . He received his PhD degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois.49 Merlijn van received the MSc degree in electronic engineering (microelectronics failure analysis) from Eindhoven University of Technology.leidenuniv. he developed many techniques for droplet microfluidics.13 Dr.About the Authors 1915 Benjamin Sullivan TearLab Corp. where she is currently working towards her PhD in Biomedical Engineering. for the electrophoretic manipulation of charged nanoscaled materials. Inc. Louis. He has designed generations of microelectrode arrays.

electronic and opto-electronic devices. Switzerland hwo@zurich. He received a diploma degree in chemistry from the University of Mainz in 1992. Authors Franziska Wetzel University of Leipzig Institute of Experimental Physics I Division of Soft Matter Physics Leipzig. His main research interests include MEMS device design and fabrication.wetzel@uni-leipzig. His research focuses on self-assembly and transfer methods for nanopatterning applications. Germany. Heiko Wolf IBM Research GmbH Zurich Research Laboratory Rüschlikon.de Chapter D. Since his retirement. Germany franziska. Dr. . Darrin J. In 1995. 1993. Japan. He became an IEEE Fellow in 2000 and was honored with a Doctor honoris causa from the University of Basel.ch Chapter G. Her research is focused on characterizing benign and cancerous cells via mechanical properties using the optical stretcher method.K. and PhD degrees from the EECS Department at University of California at Berkeley in 1991. He pioneered RF MEMS high-Q tunable passive devices for wireless communications. He established and lead the micro/nanoscale fabrication activities for superconducting. and probe storage applications.cwru. Germany.com Chapter A. he joined the microcontact processing group of IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory as a Research Staff Member in 1999.edu Chapter B. She is currently working on her PhD degree in the Soft Matter Physics Laboratory of Professor Josef Käs in Leipzig.vettiger@unine. he still is involved part-time in nanotechnology-related activities at IBM Zurich Research and also at CSEM/University of Neuchatel. In 1995.12 Darrin J. he received a PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Mainz for work done in collaboration with IBM’s Zurich Research Laboratory on self-assembled monolayers. After three years as a Research Scientist in the Polymer Division at Degussa AG. in 2001. USA djy@po.ibm. respectively. Switzerland. Young Case Western Reserve University Department of EECS. nanofabrication. and at Kyoto University. Wolf is a Research Staff Member in the Science and Technology Department at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. MS. He joined the EECS Department at Case Western Reserve University as an assistant professor in 1999.36 Franziska Wetzel received her Diploma in Physics from the University of Leipzig. Switzerland peter. Switzerland. Wolf studied chemistry at the University of Mainz. and 1999. Young received his BS.6 Dr.1916 About the Authors Peter Vettiger University of Neuchâtel SAMLAB Neuchâtel. biology. Glennan 510 Cleveland. His current research interests include micro/nanomechanical devices and systems based on probe arrays for imaging and metrology.45 Peter Vettiger joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. OH. together with G. Binnig. he initiated and lead until his retirement in 2002 the millipede probe-storage activities. in 2006.

Ziaie is a member of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Zoval has worked in the biotech industry during his entire career. and Sr.About the Authors 1917 Babak Ziaie Purdue University Birck Nanotechnology Center West Lafayette. From 1995-1999 he was a postdoctoral-fellow and an assistant research scientist at the Center for Integrated Microsystems (CIMS) of the University of Michigan. Project Engineer at Nanogen Inc. Authors Christian A. Zorman joined the MEMS program at CWRU in 1994 as a Research Associate and immediately began working in the SiC MEMS area. . B. and ultra-sensitive sensors for biological (molecular and cellular) applications. he has been with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University where he is currently a professor. His current research interests include the development of SiC for NEMS. Research Specialist at University of California.edu Chapter A. Zorman was a key contributor in the development of novel polishing. He was promoted to Senior Research Associate in 1997 and Researcher in 2000.edu Chapter B. He currently is an Associate Professor in EECS at CWRU.8 Babak Ziaie received his doctoral degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan in 1994. USA bziaie@purdue. His doctoral research involved an investigation of the secondary electron emission properties of CVD diamond films for vacuum electronics.12 Christian A. In addition to teaching. and 5 patents. Jim V. Zorman received his BSc in physics and BA in economics from the Ohio State University in 1988. CA.11. Dr. micromachined interfaces with the central nervous system. Dr. Since January 2005. five book chapters. Manager of Special Projects Research at Burstein Technologies Inc. USA jzoval@saddleback. Ziaie is the recipient of the NSF Career award in Biomedical Engineering (2001) and McKnight Endowment Fund Award for Technological Innovations in Neuroscience (2002).edu Chapters A. Dr. He has been instrumental in the construction of APand LPCVD reactors for SiC thin films.. and MSc and PhD in Physics from Case Western Reserve University in 1991 and 1994. Professor Zorman is a past chairman of the MEMS Technical Group in the American Vacuum Society and is currently serving as co-chairman. Most of his work has been in the chemical and engineering areas of medical and clinical diagnostic platform development. Jim Zoval received his Doctorate in Chemistry from the University of California. and has led the development of recipes for the growth of single and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films for micromachined sensors and actuators. Sr. Zoval has both academic and industrial experience. respectively. He subsequently joined the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Minnesota as an Assistant Professor (1999-2004). wafer bonding. Dr. These include implantable wireless microsystems. In addition to the development of novel bulk and surface micromachining techniques for SiC. Irvine in 1996. Dr. Zoval Saddleback College Department of Math and Science Mission Viejo. OH. Zoval’s professional publications include 3 chapters in text books. Dr. smart polymers for physiological sensing and active flow control. Dr.. USA caz@case. biomimetic sensors and actuators. and low defect density growth processes for SiC. 26 journal publications. His research interests are related to the biomedical applications of MEMS and Microsystems (BioMEMS). Zorman Case Western Reserve University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Cleveland. He has published over 120 technical papers. IN. Dr.19 Dr. Zoval held positions as a Research Scientist at LightSense Inc.

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springer.http://www.com/978-3-642-02524-2 .

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