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Capacitors & Inductors Introduce the Natural Response + Steady-State

EGR 220, Chapter 6


October 7, 2010

Overview
Energy storage and dynamics Recap of capacitors Introduce inductors Circuits to analyze Building circuits as trains

Discussion at Tables
Capacitors One thing you know about capacitors One concept question you have Inductors (the dual of capacitors) Hypothesize one thing you propose/know One concept question you have Each table report back to all
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Energy Storage Elements


How is the energy stored in a capacitor? What is the transient behavior of a capacitor? What is the steady-state behavior? How is the energy stored in an inductor? What is the transient behavior of an inductor? What is the steady-state behavior?
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Natural Response + SteadyState of Dynamic Circuits


No initial stored energy, charging Initial stored energy, discharging

Capacitors
Charge is stored HOW? Expression: q = _________ V-I relationship: ic = _________ What does this tell us about the voltage across a capacitor? Property of capacitance C = A/d

What are the Constituent Relations for R, C and L?


(i.e., What is the V-I relationship?) R: VR = ___________; IR = ____________ C: Vc = ___________; Ic = ____________ L: VL = ___________; IL = ____________
(the dual of the expression for C)
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Capacitors in Parallel: Ceq=?

Capacitors in Series: Ceq=?

Inductance
How is energy stored? V-I expression vL = ___________ This tells us what about the current through an inductor? Property of inductance?

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Inductor Voltage Possible?


figure 6.7

Inductor Current Possible?


Figure 6.25

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Series Inductors: Leq?

Parallel Inductors: Leq?

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Natural Response + SteadyState of Dynamic Circuits


No initial stored energy, charging Initial stored energy, discharging

Circuit Analysis with Energy Storage Elements


How do we find vC, iL and the energy stored in the capacitor and inductor.

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Circuit Analysis with Energy Storage Elements


Find vC, iL, after the source has been connected for a long time. Let R = 8

Circuit Analysis with Energy Storage Elements


Find vC, iL, after the source has been connected for a long time.

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Capacitor & Inductor Concepts


Know the v-i relationship for Resistors Inductors Capacitors A discontinuous voltage across a capacitor would imply what? A discontinuous current through an inductor would imply what?
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Chapter 6 Recap
Capacitors and inductors, * table 6.1, p 232 * Definition and properties Circuit analysis: v-i relationship Series and parallel combinations Form of v and i are exponential (more in chapter 7) When behavior is as short or open circuit Physical, conservation laws Know whether instantaneous changes in voltage and

current are allowed or are impossible across/through elements


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