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CONTENT

TITLE INTRODUCTION DIFFERENT BETWEEN LAYOUT ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES EACH LAYOUT EXISTING MACHINE LAYOUT IN WOOD WORKING AT JKA SAFETY FACTOR USING WOOD WORKSHOP AND MACHINE FUNCTION AND USAGE OF THE MACHINE CONCLUSION APPENDIX

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Factory or plant location is placement in an industry choose to set up that consider all the factors and constraints, in accordance with the objectives of the establishment. Factors that influence of location selected is a y y y y y y Raw material location Marketing Location Worker factors Tax culture and marketing Utilities factors Rules, act and etc

Machine layout is related to machine, arrangement work centre, raw material and facilities accommodate tin a factory following the right sequence in a work flow, There are five(5) type of machine layout that applied at the factory I. II. III. IV. V. Process layout Product layout Fix layout Combination layout Cellular layout

There are several things that must be consider before make a layout, there are production activities, operating receiving, transportation facilities, additional service, quality control, and packaging and deliver operation.

FIX LAYOUT PRODUCT LAYOUT PROCESS LAYOUT

FIX LAYOUT

PRODUCT LAYOUT

PROCESS LAYOUT
Known as job shop

Gathers production activities such Known as assembly line and as human resources, raw materials production order and equipment at the location where production is to be made / produced. Suitable for production large and heavy All equipment / machinery and production activities are arranged in order of assembly operations / manufacturing. Suitable for the same product standards for the general market

Production in form of group

Position of the fixed products and production resources brought to the site

Human resources, raw materials and the same machine functions ar e placed / collected on one site. Example place that use process layout: library, furniture factory, hospital, school, workshop,supermark et and etc

Example place that use fix layout: Bridge, building, ship, and etc

Example place that use product layout: Bread factory, shoes factory paper factory and etc

FIX LAYOUT

ADVANTAGES     Handling of large component can be reduced Conversion of the output can be done easily A little planning is required Total output can be changed according to the demand

DISADVANTAGES  Material handling / small component increasing  Difficult to maintain full-time employees  A large investment to purchase equipment

PRODUCT LAYOUT

ADVANTAGES     Fully utilized work time Producing high skill job Reduce the cost of materials Produce large amount of product

DISADVANTAGES     Difficult to modified if the product changes Coast a lot of investment to buy machine and equipment Skill workers only in a certain fields Damage to a machine may stop the whole process

PROCESS LAYOUT

ADVANTAGES      Can produce various types of products Making skilled workers in various fields / operation Damage to a machine does not prevent other production process The effective use of the machine and full-time Supervision of the courses can be given to employees

DISADVANTAGES      Balanced of work material is ensured for each section Coordination problem will accour between the section Over used of materials Requires large space Required more time to train worker to be skilled

Wide Belt Sander

Band saw

Radial Arm Saw

Bench Drill

Circular Saw

Thickness Planer

Surface Planer

Table Circular Saw

Computer numerical control

Working with woodworking equipment can be hazardous, with a wide variety of saws, planers, drills and electrical equipment in use, not to mention small hand tools and even cables and ladders. It's become something of a joke to worry too much about health and safety, but there are still a few simple guidelines everyone should follow when working with dangerous equipment and tools. Before you start your work, take a quick look around and carry out your own risk assessment - this means identifying any possible dangers such as trailing wires, unattended machines or debris on the floor. Think from the ground up! For example: - Are there any obstacles that could be a tripping hazard? - Are the work surfaces overly cluttered and possibly hiding sharp edges or blades? - Are the machines in good working order and only used by trained employees? - Is all the machinery and equipment secure and properly set up? - Are there any overhead hazards such as people on ladders, hanging tools etc? Whether you work for yourself or for an employer, you should ensure that you are up-todate in your training and adhere to the appropriate regulations, such as The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER). This is a guideline of requirements for anyone who uses equipment at work to keep users safe. It certainly applies to the use of woodworking machinery, and is a useful document to refer to when setting up a workshop, training staff or simply reviewing your current health and safety policies. The main points of PUWER include ensuring that the woodworking machinery you are using is: - Safe for use - maintained to a safe condition

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- suitable for the intended use - used by people with adequate training - accompanied by suitable safety measures and/or protective devices All equipment, large and small, is covered by the PUWER regulations, including hand tools such as hammers and knives, larger machines and saws, lifting equipment and even ladders and photocopiers. To keep yourself, your colleagues and your employees safe, you must make sure that your equipment meets the requirements of PUWER - not only by inspecting and maintaining your woodworking machinery but providing suitable protection and warnings where appropriate, and following 'safe systems of work' such as only performing repairs when a machine is shut down. None of us like to think about accidents at work, and many people see health and safety concerns as something of a chore - but by abiding by the simple PUWER guidelines you can make sure that your staff and your workshop are safe as safe as possible.

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Computer numerical control

Computer numerical control, are machines which have the ability to read G-codes. These codes are programmed to keep the machineries going. CNC machines offer a wide range of manufacturing applications and industrial uses. These machines are ideal when doing repetitive tasks, and they are famous for their accuracy and speed. However, since buying ones can be very expensive not all can afford them. But if an industrial CNC machine is really needed to improve manufacturing or industrial productivity, it is highly advised to look into the purchase of used CNC machine which can be acquired for a very affordable price compared to their brand new counterparts. One great advantage of integrating the use of CNC machine is boosting the efficiency of the entire manufacturing process. CNC basically refers to the technology used to operate the machine. Since its inception, it has allowed industrial machine to program ahead of time, which is done to automate industrial operations or the manufacturing processes. The automation of industrial work through the use of CNC helps to enhance work efficiency and improve productivity which later translates to reduce operational costs.

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Organizations need to make research in the selection of operational sites that did not lose or have problems in the future that will interfere with work processes, such as no water supply, infrastructure problems and so on. Strategic locations to minimize transportation costs, labor costs, raw material costs, distribution costs and other associated costs. Near the place or the relevant parties for example: -

Environmental duties: - Employees - Users - Competitors - Suppliers general environment - Technology - Culture - Economy - Political and legal Transportation and communication systems easier and cheaper, access to electricity, water, telephone and raw materials. While a suitable environment such asclimate, culture, quality of life, health status and other. Features of social characteristics(income population or social welfare) finally subcontractor services.

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