Anda di halaman 1dari 21

Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd.

ASME Calculations - CRN Assistance - Vessel Design - Finite Element Analysis

Design Conditions
Code: ASME VIII-1
Year: 2007
Addenda: 2009
MAWP: 150

psi

MEAWP: 0

psi

Max. Temp.: 120

MDMT: -20

MDMT Press.: 150

psi

ASME Section VIII-1 Calculations


Cust:
Desc:
Dwg:
ID:

Pressure Vessel Engineering


Sample Vessel 4
Sample 4
Sample 4

Min. Thk. (UG-16b): 0.09375 in


Corrosion Allowance: 0.125
Hydrotest: 195

in
psi

Impact Testing: No
Impact Exemption: UG-20(f)
Radiography: None

UG-22 Loadings Considered


Internal Press.: Yes
External Press.: No
Vessel Weight: Yes
Weight of Attachments: No
Attachment of Internals: No
Attachment of Externals: Yes
Cyclic or Dynamic Reactions: No
Wind Loading: No
Seismic Loading: Yes
Fluid Impact Shock Reactions: No
Temperature Gradients: No
Differential Thermal Expansion: No
Abnormal Pressures: No

PVEcalc-Sample 4 Calulations
Author: Brian Munn
Reviewer: Laurence Brundrett

Hydrotest Loads: No

Conclusion: The sample vessel has been calculated


to ASME Section VIII-1 and found acceptable.

www.pveng.com
info@pveng.com
Phone 519-880-9808

Pressure Vessel Engineering Ltd.


120 Randall Drive, Suite B
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, N2V 1C6

Table of Contents

15-Apr-10

Contents
Cover
Table of Contents
Material Properties
Rolled Plate Shell
F&D Heads
N1 - 4" Sch. 160
N2 - 4" Sch. 160 on Head
N1 & N2 - Flange
N3 - 1" NPT 6000# H.Cplg
N4 & N5 - 4" Process Conn.
N4 & N5 Flange
M1 - 12"x16" MWY on Head
M2 - 12"x16" MWY on Shell
Vessel Weight & Volume
Lifting Lugs
Seismic - Vessel on Beams

Rev
1
2
3

Page 2 of 21
Page
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11 - 12
13 - 14
15
16
17
18

Revision(s)
Description
Release
Revised
Revised

Date
06/03/02
12/18/08
4/08/10

By
LB
ART
BEM

Material Properties

ver 2.01

15-Apr-10

www.pveng.com

Page 3 of 21

Sample Vessel 4 <- Vessel

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

Design Pressure
150.0
0.0
Water. fresh
12.000
1.000
Design Pressure =

UG-22(a)
<- P, internal operating pressure at top of vessel (psig)
<- mPa, external operation pressure
<- Operating Fluid
<- h, fluid height (ft)
<- rho, fluid density (1.0 for water)
P + 0.4331*rho*h
= 150 + 0.4331 * 1 * 12

Hydro Test

(UG-99(b))
Test Press = P * 1.3 * MR

pressure measured at top of vessel, rounded up

= 150 * 1.3 * 1

20
21
22
23
24

mTp = 195

Material Properties

(ASME IID)
120 <- mTemp, design temp F
Material
Where Used

18
19

mDp = 155.2

SA-516 70 Plate
SA-106 B Seamless Pipe
SA-240 316 Plate
SA-105 Forging
SA/CSA-G40.21 44W (38W Stresses used)
SA-193 B7 Bolts <= 2.5"

Shell, Heads
Nozzles, Manway
Flange Pads
Flanges, Couplings
Legs

Test at ambient temp


Ambient Design
Strength Max F
Strength Strength Ratio
20000
20000 1.000
1000
17100
17100 1.000
1000
20000
20000
1.000
1500
20000
20000 1.000
1000
17100
17100 1.000
650
25000
25000 1.000
1000

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48

Min Ratio (MR) =

1.000

Ext
Graph
CS-2
CS-2
HA-2
CS-2
CS-2

Pipe and Shell ver 4.08


Rolled Plate Shell Description

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22

Interior
No Exterior
Rolled Plate
Non-Threaded
No

ip? - Calculate interior pressure


ep? - Calculate exterior pressure
pr? - Pipe or rolled plate
pt? - Type of pipe
relief? - Stress Relief Calculations Required

Dimensions:
60.000
0.5000
0.094
120.000
0.125

Do [in] - outside diameter


t [in] - nominal wall thickness
tminUG16b [in] - minimum wall per UG-16(b)
L [in] - length for volume and weight
Corr [in] - corrosion allowance

Stress Classification:

24

NOTE: Both validity checks need to be "Acceptable" in order to use this sheet
If not, refer to sheet "Thick Cylindrical Shell"

27

ckValidity1 =
ckValidity2 =

28

Variables:

26

29
30
31
32
33

Td =
UT [in] =
nt [in] =
Ri [in] =
Volume [cuft] =
Weight [lb] =

tmin < 0.5*(Do/2)


P< 0.385*S*El

0.000
t*UTP+UTI
t-Corr-UT-Td
Do/2-nt
((Do/2-t)^2)**L/1728
(Do-t)**L*t*40.84/144

36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

0.331 < 0.5*(60/2) = Acceptable


155.2< 0.385*20000*0.7 = Acceptable

0=
0.5*0+0 =
0.5-0.125-0-0 =
60/2-0.375 =
((60/2-0.5)^2)*3.1416*120/1728 =

0.000
0.000
0.375
29.625
189.859

(60-0.5)*3.1416*120*0.5*40.84/144 = 3180.84

34
35

Material and Conditions:


SA-516 70 Material
20,000 S [psi] - allowable stress level
0.70 El - longitudinal efficiency (circ. stress)
0.70 Ec - circ. connecting efficiency (longitudinal stress)
0.000% UTP [%] - undertolerance allowance
0.000 UTI [in] - undertolerance allowance
155.20 P [psi] - interior pressure

23

25

Do

Options:

Length

2
3

Page 4 of 21

Long Seam

Interior Pressure: VIII-1 UG-27(c)(1,2)


ta [in] = P*Ri/(S*El-0.6*P)
tb [in] = P*Ri/(2*S*Ec+0.4*P)
tmin [in] = MAX(ta,tb,tminUG16b)
tr1 [in] = P*Ri/(S*1-0.6*P)
Checkt = tmin <= nt
PMaxA [psi] =
PMaxB [psi] =
PMax [psi] =
CheckP =

(S*El*nt)/(Ri+0.6*nt)
(2*S*Ec*nt)/(Ri-0.4*nt)
Min(PMaxA,PMaxB)
PMax >= P

155.2*29.625/(20000*0.7-0.6*155.2) =
155.2*29.625/(2*20000*0.7+0.4*155.2) =
MAX(0.331,0.164,0.094) =
155.2*29.625/(20000*1-0.6*155.2) =
0.331 <= 0.375 =

0.331
0.164
0.331
0.231
Acceptable

(20000*0.7*0.375)/(29.625+0.6*0.375) =
(2*20000*0.7*0.375)/(29.625-0.4*0.375) =
MIN(176,356) =
176 >= 155.2 =

176
356
176
Acceptable

39

Heads ver 4.15

Torispherical

www.pveng.com

15-Apr-10

40

Sample 4 <- Vessel


F & D Heads <- Desc

22
42
43
44
45
48
49
51
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
65
66
69
70
74
75

Dimensions:
60.000
60.000
3.600
0.750
0.675
0.094
0.125
1.500

<- Do, outside diameter


<- L, inside crown radius
<- IKR, inside knuckle radius
<- tb, thickness before forming
<- tf, thickness after forming
<- tminUG16(b) - Min.t. Per UG-16(b)
<- Corr, corrosion allowance
<- Skirt, straight skirt length

Material and Conditions:


SA-516 70 <- material
20,000 <- S, allowable stress level (psi)
0.85 <- E, efficiency
155.2 <- P, interior pressure
0.0 <- Pa, exterior pressure
Calculated Properties:
68.7 <- Approx. blank dia (inch)
789.5 <- Approx. weight (lbs, steel)

76
78
115
116
123
125
126
128
131

11.66 <- Volume (cuft, includes skirt)


54.574 <- Spherical Limit
9.770153 <- Depth of Head

Variables:
D=
t=
L /r =
M=
Ro =

Do-2*t
tf-corr
L/IKR
0.25*(3+sqrt(L/ikr))
L + tb

= 60-2*0.55
= 0.675-0.125
= 60/3.6
= 0.25*(3+sqrt(60/3.6))
= 60 + 0.75

D=
t=
L /r =
M=
Ro =

= 0.0005=<0.675/60<0.002

tf/L = 0.0113

137

Interior Pressure App 1-4(a), App 1-4(d):


App. 1-4(a) check:
0.0005 =< tf/L < 0.002

138

IF(tf/L<0.002,IF(tf/L>=0.0005,"Calculation required","Error"),"Calculation not required")

134

141
142
146
149
150
153
157
158
159
165
166
167
177
180
181
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191

Page 5 of 21
NO Appendix 1-4(f)

TMinI =
=
TMin =
PMax =
=

58.90
0.55
16.667
1.771
60.750

App. 1-4(f) calculation not required

(P*L*M)/(2*S*E - 0.2*P) <= t


(155.197*60*1.771)/(2*20000*0.85 - 0.2*155.197) <= 0.55
Max(Tminl,tminUG16(b))<=tf-corr
Acceptable
(2*S*E*t)/(L*M + 0.2*t) >= P
Acceptable
(2*20000*0.85*0.55)/(60*1.771 + 0.2*0.55) >= 155.197

TminI = 0.485
TMin = 0.485
PMax = 175.8

Interior Pressure for Nozzles App 1-4(a), App 1-4(d), UG-37(a)(1):


TMinE1 = (P*L*M)/(2*S*1 - 0.2*P) <= t
(Nozzle in Knuckle) TMinE1 = 0.413
= (155.197*60*1.771)/(2*20000*1 - 0.2*155.197) <= 0.55
TSp = (P*L*1)/(2*S*1 - 0.2*P)
(Nozzle in Crown) Tsp = 0.233
= (155.197*60*1)/(2*20000*1 - 0.2*155.197)
Head stress relief UCS-79(d), UNF-79(d), UHA-44(d)
Rf = IKR+tb/2
= 3.6+0.75/2
% elong = ((75*tb)/Rf)*(1-Rf/Ro) = ((75*0.75)/3.975)*(1)
5.0% <- Max Elongation
Yes <- Cold Formed
14.2% <- Elongation
no <- Vessel carries lethal substances(Yes/no)
no <- Impact testing is required (Yes/no)
no <- Formed between 250 and 900 Degrees F
no <- Greater than 10% reduction in thickness
Yes <- Head is greater than 5/8" thick before forming

Rf = 3.975
% elongation = 14.2
Required
no
no
no
no
Yes ?
Stress Relieve ?

Yes ?
no
no
no
no
YES
YES

30

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.90

UW16(c) <- SavedDesign


www.pveng.com

31

Sample 4 <- Vessel


N1 - 4" SCH 160 Pipe <- Description

22
33

35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
54
55
57
58
61
71
74
87
88
90
95
101
102
108
111
127
133
141
142
143
145
146
148
149
180
181
182
183
207
208
209
212
215
216
219
220
225
226
230
231
240
249
250
330

Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell Material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
Do
1.00 <- E1, efficiency of shell at nozzle
Nt
59.00 <- Ds, Shell ID
0.500 <- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
0.231 <- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.(E=1)
t
0.000 <- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.(E=1)
Leg41
0.125 <- sca, shell corrosion allowance
0.094 <- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)
Leg41
Shell
Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle Material
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
Vt
17,600 <- B, from A =
0.09590
1.00 <- E, nozzle efficiency
155.20 <- P, internal design pressure
UW-16.1 (c)
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
4.500 <- Do, outside diameter
0.531 <- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
12.5% <- UTp, undertolerance (%)
0.125 <- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance
6.000 <- L, exterior Projection
Reinforcing:
0.375 <- Leg41, size of weld fillet
1.000 <- F
Variables:
UT = Nt*UTp
= 0.531 * 0.125
Undertolerance
UT = 0.066
Rn = Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
= 4.5/2 - (0.531-0.125) + 0.066
Effective Radius
Rn = 1.910
t = Vt-sca
= 0.5 - 0.125
Effective Shell Thickness
t = 0.375
tn = Nt-nca
= 0.531-0.125
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
tn = 0.406
d = Do-2*tn
= 4.5 - 2*0.406
Opening Dia.
d = 3.688
fr1 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr1 = 0.855
fr2 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr2 = 0.855
tcLeg41 = Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,tn,t))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.406,0.375))
tc41 = 0.250
F = Min(Fenterered, 1)
F = 1.000
Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
LDo = L/Do
LDo = 1.333
Dot = Do/trnE
Dot = 0.000
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (155.2*1.91)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
trn = 0.017
Acceptable
trnR = (P*Rn)/(Sn*1 - 0.6*P)
= (155.2*1.91)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
E=1
trnR = 0.017
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
trnE = 0.000
Acceptable
= (3*4.5*0)/(4*17600)
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= tc41
0.7*0.375 >= 0.25
0.263
>=
0.250
Acceptable
Appendix 1-7 Necessary Check
when Ds>60,if(2*Rn<=Ds/3,if(2*Rn<=40, "App. 1-7 calculations not required","App. 1-7 calculations required"),"App. 1-7 calculations required")
when Ds<=60,if(2*Rn<Ds/2,if(2*Rn<20,"App. 1-7 calculations not required","App. 1-7 calculations required"),"App. 1-7 calculations required")
App. 1-7 calculations not required
Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From: Internal
External
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-fr1)
A Required (internal) = 0.879
= 1.0*3.688*0.231*1 + 2*0.406*0.231*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-fr1))
= 0.5*(3.688*0*1 + 2*0.406*0*1*(1-0.855))
A Required (external) = 0.000
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 = 0.514
= max(3.688,2*(0.375+0.406))* (1*0.375-1*0.231)-2*0.406*(1*0.375-1*0.231)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*trE)*(1-fr1)
A1e =
1.339
= max(3.688,2*(0.375+0.406))* (1*0.375-1*0)-2*0.406*(1*0.375-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trnR)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnR)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2 = 0.623
= min((0.406-0.017)*0.855*Min(5*0.375,2*6) , (0.406-0.017)*0.855*Min(5*0.406,2*6))
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2e =
0.651
= min((0.406-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.375,2*6) , (0.406-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.406,2*6))
A41 = Leg41^2*fr2
= 0.375^2*0.855
A41 = 0.120
0.120
Actual Area = 1.257
2.110
Acceptable
Actual-Required = 0.378
2.110

Nozzle

34

Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342

15-Apr-10
Page 6 of 21
Automatic dh - not hillside
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Standard pipe wall thickness from chart


tr * Pa / P
= 0.231 * 0 / 155.197
Nt * (1-UTp)
= 0.531 * (1-0.125)
0.8/Nth
= 0.8/0

Req. Exterior pressure

UG-45
UG45 =
UG45a =
UG45b =
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 =
UG45b4 =

Max(UG45a, UG45b) <= Nact


Max(trn,trnE) + Nca + Tt
Min(UG45b3,UG45b4)
0.355961
Max(tr + Sca, tmin16b + Sca)
Max(Swre + Sca,tmin16b + Sca)
Max(UG45b1,UG45b2)
Tstd*0.875 + Nca

= Max(0.142, 0.332) <= 0.465


= Max(0.017,0) + 0.125 + 0
= Min(0.356, 0.332)
= Max(0.231 + 0.125, 0.094 + 0.125)
= Max(0 + 0.125,0.094 + 0.125)
= Max(0.356,)
= 0.237*0.875 + 0.125

Actual Wall Thick.


Ug-31(c)(2) threads

Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

0.237
0.000
0.465
0.000
Acceptable
0.332
0.142
0.332
0.356

UG45 =
UG45a =
UG45b =
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 = 0.356
UG45b4 = 0.332

30

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.90

UW16(c) <- SavedDesign


www.pveng.com

31

Sample 4 <- Vessel


N2 - 4" SCH 160 Pipe on Bot. Head <- Description

22
33

35
36
37
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
54
55
57
58
61
71
74
87
88
90
95
101
102
108
111
127
133
141
142
143
145
146
148
149
207
208
209
212
215
216
219
220
225
226
230
231
240
249
250
330

Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell Material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
Do
1.00 <- E1, efficiency of shell at nozzle
Nt
0.500 <- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
0.233 <- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.(E=1)
0.000 <- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.(E=1)
t
0.125 <- sca, shell corrosion allowance
Leg41
0.094 <- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)
Nozzle:
Leg41
Shell
SA-106B <- Nozzle Material
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
17,600 <- B, from A =
0.09590
Vt
1.00 <- E, nozzle efficiency
155.20 <- P, internal design pressure
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
UW-16.1 (c)
4.500 <- Do, outside diameter
0.531 <- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
12.5% <- UTp, undertolerance (%)
0.125 <- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance
6.000 <- L, exterior Projection
Reinforcing:
0.375 <- Leg41, size of weld fillet
1.000 <- F
Variables:
UT = Nt*UTp
= 0.531 * 0.125
Undertolerance
UT =
Rn = Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
= 4.5/2 - (0.531-0.125) + 0.066
Effective Radius
Rn =
t = Vt-sca
= 0.5 - 0.125
Effective Shell Thickness
t=
tn = Nt-nca
= 0.531-0.125
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
tn =
d = Do-2*tn
= 4.5 - 2*0.406
Opening Dia.
d=
fr1 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr1 =
fr2 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr2 =
tcLeg41 = Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,tn,t))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.406,0.375))
tc41 =
F = Min(Fenterered, 1)
F=
Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
LDo = L/Do
LDo = 1.333
Dot = Do/trnE
Dot = 0.000
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (155.2*1.91)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
trn = 0.017
trnR = (P*Rn)/(Sn*1 - 0.6*P)
= (155.2*1.91)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
E=1
trnR = 0.017
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
trnE = 0.000
= (3*4.5*0)/(4*17600)
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= tc41
0.7*0.375 >= 0.25
0.263
>=
0.250
Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From: Internal
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-fr1)
A Required (internal) = 0.887
= 1.0*3.688*0.233*1 + 2*0.406*0.233*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-fr1))
= 0.5*(3.688*0*1 + 2*0.406*0*1*(1-0.855))
A Required (external) =
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 = 0.507
= max(3.688,2*(0.375+0.406))* (1*0.375-1*0.233)-2*0.406*(1*0.375-1*0.233)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*trE)*(1-fr1)
A1e =
= max(3.688,2*(0.375+0.406))* (1*0.375-1*0)-2*0.406*(1*0.375-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trnR)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnR)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2 = 0.623
= min((0.406-0.017)*0.855*Min(5*0.375,2*6) , (0.406-0.017)*0.855*Min(5*0.406,2*6))
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2e =
= min((0.406-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.375,2*6) , (0.406-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.406,2*6))
A41 = Leg41^2*fr2
= 0.375^2*0.855
A41 = 0.120
Actual Area = 1.250
Acceptable
Actual-Required = 0.364

Nozzle

34

Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342

15-Apr-10
Page 7 of 21
Automatic dh - not hillside
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Standard pipe wall thickness from chart


tr * Pa / P
= 0.233 * 0 / 155.197
Nt * (1-UTp)
= 0.531 * (1-0.125)
0.8/Nth
= 0.8/0

Req. Exterior pressure


Actual Wall Thick.
Ug-31(c)(2) threads

UG-45
UG45 =
UG45a =
UG45b =
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 =
UG45b4 =

Max(UG45a, UG45b) <= Nact


Max(trn,trnE) + Nca + Tt
Min(UG45b3,UG45b4)
0.357977
Max(tr + Sca, tmin16b + Sca)
Max(Swre + Sca,tmin16b + Sca)
Max(UG45b1,UG45b2)
Tstd*0.875 + Nca

= Max(0.142, 0.332) <= 0.465


= Max(0.017,0) + 0.125 + 0
= Min(0.358, 0.332)
= Max(0.233 + 0.125, 0.094 + 0.125)
= Max(0 + 0.125,0.094 + 0.125)
= Max(0.358,)
= 0.237*0.875 + 0.125

Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

0.237
0.000
0.465
0.000
Acceptable
0.332
0.142
0.332
0.358

UG45 =
UG45a =
UG45b =
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 = 0.358
UG45b4 = 0.332

0.066
1.910
0.375
0.406
3.688
0.855
0.855
0.250
1.000

Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable
External

0.000

1.339

0.651
0.120
2.110
2.110

18

B16.5/16.47 Flange

Ver 2.61

15-Apr-10

SlipOn

19
20
21
22

Page 8 of 21
#VALUE!

Sample 4 <- Vessel


N1 & N2 - 4" Class 150 RFSO <- Description

23
24

Select Flange
SA
Forged
SA 105
150
4.00

25
26
27
28
29

<- Category
<- Material Type
<- Material
<- Pressure Class
<- Nominal Size

31

Nominal Table Max Temp F Pod, pipe OD -

32
33
34
35
36

C-Si
2-1.1
1000
4.500

Nozzle
0.531 <- tn, Nozzle Wall Thickness (inch)
0.017 <- tnr, Required Nozzle Wall Thickness (inch)

37
38
39
40
41
42
43

Operating Conditions
120 <- T, temperature F
155.2 <- P, pressure, psig
0.125 <- Corr, corrosion allowance

Acceptable
Max press @100F [p1] 285
Max press @120F [p2] 280

44
45
47
48
49
50

Flange Welds:
0.531
0.531
17100
20000

<- F1, pipe fillet size


<- F2, flange fillet size F2
<- Sp, allowable stress, pipe
<- Sf, allowable stress, flange

53
54
61
63
64
67
68
69
70
72
74
75
78
79
81
82
83

Geometry constraint: VIII UW-21 (b)


wtmin = 0.7*tn
wt = 0.7*MIN(F1,F2)
= 0.7*MIN(0.531,0.531)
Weld Strength:
Min Sa =
Max Weld Stress =
Weld Load =
Weld Area =
=
Weld Stress =

= 0.7*0.531

Req. weld throat


Actual weld throat

MIN(Sp,Sf)
= MIN(17100,20000)
Sa * 0.49
= 17100 * 0.49
POD^2*pi*P/4
= 4.5^2*pi*155.197/4
Pod*pi*(F1-corr + F2)
4.5*pi*(0.531-0.125 + 0.531)
Load/Area
= 2468.305/13.247

wtmin = 0.372
wt = 0.372
Acceptable
Min Sa =
Max S =
Load =
Area =

17,100
8,379
2,468
13.247

Stress = 186
Acceptable

15

Coupling ver 2.11

18
19

0.675
0.233
1.875
155.2

24
26
28
29

31
32
33
35
37
38

Page 9 of 21

COD

Shell:

23

30

15-Apr-10

Sample 4 <- Vessel


N3 - 1" Class 6000 NPT Half Coupling <- Description

22

20

UW16.1Z1M
www.pveng.com

16

Coupling:
1 inch 6000#
SA-105
20,000
0.3750
0.094
0.125

39
40
42
44
46

<- t, Shell Wall Thick (inch)


<- tMin, Min Required Wall at E=1 (inch)
<- D, Shell Opening Diameter (inch)
<- P,design Pressure (psi)

POD

t
F1
Outside

FULL
PEN.

t1
Inside Vessel

<- Coupling
<- Coupling Material
D
<- Sn, Allowable Stress Level (Sn)
<- F1, Weld Size
UW-16.1 (Z-1) (Modified)
<- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)
<- Corrc, Coupling Corrosion Allowance (inch)
2.250 <- COD - Coupling OD
1.315 <- POD - Pipe OD
11.500 <- n, Threads Per Inch
0.358 <- pt, Corresponding sch XXS Wall Thickness (inch)
12.5% <- UT, Under Tolerence (%)

47
49
50
51
53
56
64

Geometry Restrictions Fig. UW-16.1


tcp = (COD-POD)/2-CORRC
Tmin = Min(0.75,tcp,t)
tcmin = Min(0.25,0.7*Tmin)
t1 = 0.7*F1
t1 > = tcMin

= (2.25-1.315)/2-0.125
= Min(0.75,0.343,0.675)
= Min(0.25,0.7*0.343)
= 0.7*0.375
= 0.263 >= 0.24

Tcp =
Tmin =
tcmin =
t1 =

0.343
0.343
0.240
0.263
Acceptable

74
75
76
77
78

Required Coupling Wall Thickness UG-44(c), B16.11 - 2.1.1 and UG-31(c)(2)


Ro = POD/2-0.8/n
= 1.315/2-0.8/11.5
tp = (1-UT)*pt-Corrc-0.8/n
= (1-0.125)*0.358-0.125-0.8/11.5
Min Thick = P*Ro/(Sn*1+0.4*P)
= 155*0.588/(20000*1+0.4*155.197)
Acceptable

Ro = 0.588
tp = 0.119
trn = 0.005

79
80
81
82
83
88
89

Pressure Weld Stress UW-18(d) - Pressure Load only


UW-16(f)(3)(a)(3)(b)
Load = COD^2*(PI()/4)*P
= 2.25^2*(PI()/4)*155.197
Load =
Weld Area = pi()*((COD+F1)^2-COD^2)/4
Weld Area =
= pi()*((2.25+0.375)^2-2.25^2)/4
Max Stress = Min(Sn,Sv) * 0.55
= Min(20000,0) * 0.55
Max Stress =
Weld Stress = Load / Area
= 617 / 1.436
Weld Stress =

90
95
96
97
98
99
100
101

104
105
106
107
108
109

11000
430
Acceptable

UG-45
Tstd =
Nact =
Tt =
UG45 =
=
UG45a =

102
103

617
1.436

UB45b =
=
UG45b1 =
=
UG45b4 =

Standard pipe wall thickness from chart


Tstd =
Pt * (1-UT)
Actual Wall Thick.
Nact =
0.8/n
Ug-31(c)(2) threads
Tt =
Max(UG45a, UG45b) <= Nact
UG45 =
Max(0.199, 0.241) <= 0.313
trn + corrc + Tt
UG45a =
0.005 + 0.125 + 0.07
Min(UG45b1, UG45b4)
UB45b =
Min(0.358, 0.241)
Max(tmin+ CORRC, Tmin16b + CORRC)
UG45b1 =
Max(0.233 + 0.125, 0.094 + 0.125)
Tstd*0.875 + corrc
= 0.133*0.875 + 0.125
UG45b4 =

0.133
0.313
0.070
0.241
Acceptable
0.199
0.241
0.358
0.241

30
31
22
33
34
35
36
37
39
40
41
42
49
57
62
64
65
66
67
70
72
74
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
91
95
98
104
112
115
119
120
121
122
123
124
130
133
148
156
185
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
210
213
217
221
237
245
249
250
330

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.90

UG40(a-2) <- SavedDesign


www.pveng.com

15-Apr-10
Page 10 of 21
Automatic dh - not hillside
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Sample 4 <- Vessel


N4 & N5 - 4" Double Sided Flange Pad <- Description
Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell Material
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
1.00 <- E1, efficiency of shell at nozzle
0.500 <- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
0.231 <- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.(E=1)
0.000 <- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.(E=1)
tp
0.125 <- sca, shell corrosion allowance
di
155.20 <- P, internal design pressure
0.125 <- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance
Flange Pad:
SA-240 316 <- Flange Pad Material
20,000 <- Sp, allowable stress level
9.000 <- Dp, outside diameter
4.500 <- di, inside (uncorroded)
1.500 <- tp, pad thick
0.500 <- Leg42, size of weld fillet
1.000 <- F
5.500 <- GOD - gasket OD
4.500 <- GID - gasket ID
3.000 <- m - gasket factor
1,800 <- gy - gasket factor y
7.500 <- varC - bolt circle dia
0.625 <- BoltOD, bolt size
8 <- Nbolt, number of bolts
1.000 <- DepthT, depth of bolt holes
25,000 <- Sb - allowable bolt stress at DESIGN temp
25,000 <- Sba - allowable bolt stress at ASSEMBLY temp
Variables:
Dp = Min(2*d,DpEntered)
= Min(2*4.75,9)
t = Vt-sca
= 0.5 - 0.125
te = tp-Vt
= 1.5-0.5
d = di+2*nca
= 4.5 - 2 * 0.125
fr2 = MIN(Sp/Sv,1)
= MIN(20000/20000, 1)
fr4 = MIN(Sp/Sv,1)
= MIN(20000/20000,1)
varN = (GOD-GID)/2
= (5.5-4.5)/2
b0 = varN / 2
= 0.5 / 2
varb = min(Sqrt(b0)/2,b0)
= min(Sqrt(0.25)/2,0.25)
varG = max(GOD-2*varb,(GOD-GID)/2 + GID)
= max(5.5-2*0.25,(5.5-4.5)/2 + 4.5)
Ro = Dp/2
= 9/2
tcLeg42 = Min(0.25,0.7*MIN(0.75,te,t))
= Min(0.25,0.7*MIN(0.75,1,0.375))
F = Min(Fenterered, 1)
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg42 >= tc42
0.7*0.5 >= 0.25
Bolt Loads:
H = 0.785*varG^2*P
= 0.785*5^2*155.197
HP = 2*varb*3.14*varG*m*P
= 2*0.25*3.14*5*3*155.197
HD = pi/4 * di^2 * P
= pi/4 * 4.5^2 * 155.197
HT = H - HD
= 3046 - 2468
Wm1 = H + HP
= 3046 + 3655
Wm2 = pi*varb*varG*gy
= pi*0.25*5*1800
Am = max(Wm1/Sb, Wm2/Sa)
= max(6701/25000, 7069/25000)
Ab = Root*Nbolt >= Am
= 0.207*8
Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
A = 1.0*d*tr*F
= 1.0*4.75*0.231*1
Ae = 0.5*d*trE*1
= 0.5*4.75*0*1
A1 = (d)* (E1*t-F*tr)
= (4.75) * (1*0.38-1*0.23)
A1e = (d) * (Eone*t-F*trE)
= (4.75) * (1*0.375-1*0)
A5 = ((Dp - d)te-BoltOD*DepthT*2)*fr4
= ((9-4.75)*1-0.625*1*2)*1
A42 = Leg42^2*fr2
= 0.5^2*1

Full
Penn.

t
Leg42

Dp

Leg42

Shell
Vt

UG-40 (a-2)

Effective Reinforcing
Effective Shell Thickness
Effective Reinf. Thick.
Finished Opening Dia.

Gasket Width in Contact


gasket seating width
eff seating width
gasket load reaction diameter

Dp =
t=
te =
d=
fr2 =
fr4 =
varN =
b0 =
varb =
varG =

9.000
0.375
1.000
4.750
1.000
1.000
0.500
0.250
0.250
5.000

Ro = 4.500
tc42 = 0.250
F = 1.000
0.350

>=

0.250

H=
HP =
end load
HD =
face load
HT =
bolt load
Wm1 =
seating load
Wm2 =
req bolt area
Am =
Acceptable
Ab =
Pressure From: Internal
A Required (internal) = 1.097
A Required (external) =
A1 = 0.684
A1e =
A5 = 3.000
A42 = 0.250
Actual Area = 3.934
Acceptable
Actual-Required = 2.895
end load

contact load

Acceptable
3046
3655
2468
577
6701
7069
0.283
1.656
External
0.000
1.781
3.000
0.250
5.031
5.031

Flange ver 4.27

ASME VIII Div I Appendix 2

N4 & N5 - 4" Process Connections Description

3
4
5

9.000
4.500
1.500
0.500

8
9

12
13
14

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52

A [in] - flange OD
Bn [in] - ID, uncorroded
t [in] - flange thickness
tn [in] - nozzle wall thickness

HG
t
tn

HD

5.500
4.500
3.00
1,800

GOD [in] - gasket OD


GID [in] - gasket ID
m - gasket factor
gy - gasket factor y

7.500
0.625
8.0
1.000
0.500

varC [in] - bolt circle dia


BoltOD [in] - bolt size
Nbolt - number of bolts
DepthT [in] - thread depth
Leg1 [in]

hT

Shell

Gasket:

11

16

Fig2-13.2modified fd? - Select a flange design

15

hG

Dimensions:

10

Page 11 of 21

HT

hD

C
A

Fig 2-13.2 Modified

Bolting:

Operating Conditions:
0.125 Corr [in] - corrosion allowance
155.2 P [psi] - internal operating pressure
Material Properties:
NonCast CastMaterial? - Cast Or NonCast
20,000 Sf [psi] - allowable flange stress at DESIGN temp.
20,000 Sfa [psi] - Allowable Flange Stress at ASSEMBLY temp.
27,900,000 Efo [psi] -Operating Flange Modulus
27,900,000 Efs [psi] - Seating Flange Modulus
20,000 Sb [psi] - allowable bolt stress at DESIGN temp
20,000 Sba [psi] - allowable bolt stress at ASSEMBLY temp
Geometry Constraints:
tmin = min(0.75,tn,t)
tc = max(0.25,0.7*tmin)
ThroatLeg1 = 0.7*Leg1
ChTL1 = ThroatLeg1 >= tc

MIN(0.75,0.5,1.5) =
MAX(0.25,0.7*0.5) =
0.7*0.5 =
0.35 >= 0.35 =

Calculated Dimensions:
B = Bn+2*Corr
4.5+2*0.125 =
varN = (GOD-GID)/2 ~~ Gasket width in contact
(5.5-4.5)/2 =
b0 = varN / 2 ~~ Gasket seating width
0.5 / 2 =
varb = IF(b0>0.25,Sqrt(b0)/2,b0) ~~ Effective seating width
IF(0.25>0.25,SQRT(0.25)/2,0.25) =
varG = IF(b0>0.25,GOD-2*varb,(GOD-GID)/2 + GID)
IF(0.25>0.25,5.5-2*0.25,(5.5-4.5)/2 + 4.5) =
ThreadMin = 0.75*Sf/Sb ~~ UG-43(g)
0.75*20000/20000 =
CheckTrdMin = ThreadMin <= DepthT
0.75 <= 1 =
Bolt Loads: (VIII App 2-5)
H = 0.785*varG^2*P ~~ end load
HP = 2*varb*3.14*varG*m*P ~~ contact load
HD = pi()/4 * A^2 * P ~~ end load
HT = H - HD ~~ face load

0.785*5^2*155.2 =
2*0.25*3.14*5*3*155.2 =
PI()/4 * 9^2 * 155.2 =
3046 - 9873 =

0.500
0.350
0.350
Acceptable
4.750
0.500
0.250
0.250
5.000
0.750
Acceptable
3,046
3,655
9,873
-6,827

Flange ver 4.27


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37

Page 12 of 21

Wm1 = H + HP ~~ bolt load


3046 + 3655 =
Wm2 = pi()*varb*varG*gy ~~ seating load
PI()*0.25*5*1800 =
Am = Max(Wm1/Sb, Wm2/Sba) ~~ Bolt area required
MAX(6701/20000, 7069/20000) =
RootArea [sq. in] = PVELookup("BoltSizing","Lookup","Root Area",BoltOD)
Ab = RootArea*Nbolt
0.208*8 =
CheckExcess = Ab>=Am
1.664>=0.353 =
Flange Loads: (App 2-5)
W [lb] = (Am + Ab)*Sba/2 ~~ seating conditions
HG [lb] = Wm1 - H ~~ operating conditions
TBoltLoad [lb] = (W+Wm1)/Nbolt
Flange Moment Arms: (Table App 2-6 - loose flanges)
mhD [in] = (varC-A)/2
mhT [in] = (varC-(A+varG)/2)/2
mhG [in] = (varC-varG)/2
Flange Moments: (App 2-6)
MD [in-lb] = HD * mhD ~~ end pressure
MT [in-lb] = HT * mhT ~~ face pressure
MG [in-lb] = HG * mhG ~~ gasket load
Mo1 [in-lb] = MD+MT+MG ~~ total operating
Mo2 [in-lb] = W*(varC-varG)/2 ~~ total seating
Graph: App 2-7.1 Value of Y
K = A/B
Y = PVELookup("Y","FlangeFactorK",K)

6,701
7,069
0.353
0.208
1.664
Acceptable

(0.353 + 1.664)*20000/2 = 20,174


6701 - 3046 = 3,655
(20174+6701)/8 = 3,359
(7.5-9)/2 = -0.750
(7.5-(9+5)/2)/2 = 0.250
(7.5-5)/2 = 1.250
9873 * -0.75 =
-6827 * 0.25 =
3655 * 1.25 =
-7405+-1707+4569 =
20174*(7.5-5)/2 =

-7,405
-1,707
4,569
-4,543
25,218

9/4.75 = 1.895
3.205

Flange Seating Stress: (App 2-7,8)


STs = Y*ABS(Mo2) / (t^2*B)
CheckSTs = ABS(STs) <= Sfa

3.205*ABS(25218) / (1.5^2*4.75) = 7,563


ABS(7563) <= 20000 = Acceptable

Flange Operating Stress: (App 2-7,8)


STo = Y*ABS(Mo1) / (t^2*B)
CheckSTo = STo <= Sf

3.205*ABS(-4543) / (1.5^2*4.75) = 1,362


1362 <= 20000 = Acceptable

Flange Flexibility: (App 2-14)


Jseating = (109.4*Mo2) / (Efs*t^3*ln(K)*0.2)
(109.4*25218) / (27900000*1.5^3*LN(1.895)*0.2) =
CheckJSt = ABS(Jseating) <= 1
ABS(0.229) <= 1 =
Joperating = (109.4*Mo1) / (Efo*t^3*ln(K)*0.2)
(109.4*-4543) / (27900000*1.5^3*LN(1.895)*0.2) =
CheckJOp = ABS(Joperating) <= 1
ABS(-0.041) <= 1 =

0.229
Acceptable
-0.041
Acceptable

31
22
33
34
35
36
37
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
54
55
57
58
59
61
63
65
66
69
71
72
73
75
87
88
90
91
95
96
97
101
102
108
111
114
115
126
131
132
141
143
145
146
148
151
155
158
171

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.90

UW16(h) <- SavedDesign


www.pveng.com

15-Apr-10
Page 13 of 21
Automatic dh - not hillside
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Sample 4 <- Vessel


M1 - 12" x 16" Manway on Head c/w 3" x 3/4" Ring <- Description
Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell Material
Do
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
1.00 <- E1, efficiency of shell at nozzle
Nt
Leg41
0.675 <- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
0.413 <- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.(E=1)
Leg42
0.000 <- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.(E=1)
0.125 <- sca, shell corrosion allowance
0.094 <- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)
te
Ring
Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle Material
g
Vt
Shell
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
17,600 <- B, from A =
0.09590
Proj
1.00 <- E, nozzle efficiency
Dp
155.20 <- P, internal design pressure
Weld to connect
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
t
to reinforcing pad
17.500 <- Do, outside diameter
Leg43
0.750 <- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
UW-16.1 (h)
0.0% <- UTp, undertolerance (%)
0.000 <- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance
1.500 <- L, exterior Projection
0.750 <- Ip, interior projection
Reinforcing:
SA-516 70 <- Reinforcing plate material
At least one telltale hole (max. size NPS 1/4 tap) in repad required
20,000 <- Sp, allowable stress level
21.500 <- Dp, outside diameter
0.500 <- te, reinforcement thick
0.500 <- Leg41, size of weld fillet
0.375 <- Leg42, size of weld fillet
0.375 <- Leg43, size of weld fillet
0.675 <- LegG, depth of groove
Variables:
UT = Nt*UTp
= 0.75 * 0
Undertolerance
UT =
Rn = Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
= 17.5/2 - (0.75-0) + 0
Effective Radius
Rn =
Dp = Min(2*d,DpEntered)
= Min(2*16,21.5)
Effective Reinforcing
Dp =
t = Vt-sca
= 0.675 - 0.125
Effective Shell Thickness
t=
ti = Nt-2*nca
= 0.75 - 2 * 0
Nom Thick of Int. Proj.
ti =
te = teEntered
Effective Reinf. Thick.
te =
tn = Nt-nca
= 0.75-0
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
tn =
d = Do-2*tn
= 17.5 - 2*0.75
Opening Dia.
d=
fr1 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr1 =
fr2 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr2 =
fr3 = MIN(Sn/Sv,Sp/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 20000/20000,1)
fr3 =
fr4 = MIN(Sp/Sv,1)
= MIN(20000/20000,1)
fr4 =
h = MIN(Ip-sca,2.5*t,2.5*ti)
= MIN(0.75-0.125,2.5*0.55,2.5*0.75)
h=
tcLeg43 = Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,t,tn))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.55,0.75))
tc43 =
F = 1.000
F=
Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (155.2*8)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
trn = 0.073
trnR = (P*Rn)/(Sn*1 - 0.6*P)
= (155.2*8)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
E=1
trnR = 0.073
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
= (3*17.5*0)/(4*17600)
trnE = 0.000
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= 0.7*min(0.75,te,tn)
0.7*0.5 >= 0.7*Min(0.75,0.5,0.75)
0.350
>=
0.350
0.7*Leg42 >= 0.5*Min(0.75,te,t)
0.7*0.375 >= 0.5*Min(0.75,0.5,0.55)
0.263
>=
0.250
0.7*Leg43-nca >= tc43
0.7*0.375-0 >= 0.25
0.263
>=
0.250
Nozzle

30

0.000
8.000
21.500
0.550
0.750
0.500
0.750
16.000
0.855
0.855
0.855
1.000
0.625
0.250
1.000
Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable

175
207
208
209
212
215
216
219
220
223
224
228
229
233
234
236
241
244
247
249
250
256
257
260
261
262
266
267
271
272
273
276
277
278
279
283
284
288
294
295
296
297
301
308
309
312
313
320
321
326
327
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342

Sample 4 M1 - 12" x 16" Manway on Head c/w 3" x 3/4" Ring


15-Apr-10
Page
Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From: Internal
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-fr1)
A Required (internal) = 6.690
= 1.0*16*0.413*1 + 2*0.75*0.413*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-fr1))
= 0.5*(16*0*1 + 2*0.75*0*1*(1-0.855))
A Required (external) =
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 = 2.170
= max(16,2*(0.55+0.75))* (1*0.55-1*0.413)-2*0.75*(1*0.55-1*0.413)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*trE)*(1-fr1)
A1e =
= max(16,2*(0.55+0.75))* (1*0.55-1*0)-2*0.75*(1*0.55-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trnR)*fr2*min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnR)*(Min(2.5*tn+te,L)*fr2*2)
A2 = 1.592
= min((0.75-0.073)*0.855*min(5*0.55,2*1.5) , (0.75-0.073)*(Min(2.5*0.75+0.5,2*1.5)*0.855*2)
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , 2*(tn-trnE)*Min(2.5*tn+te,L)*fr2)
A2e =
= min((0.75-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.55,2*1.5) , 2*(0.75-0)*Min(2.5*0.75+0.5,1.5)*0.855)
A3 = Min(5*t*ti*fr2, 5*ti*ti*fr2, 2*h*ti*fr2)
A3 = 0.802
= Min(5*0.55*0.75*0.855, 5*0.75*0.75*0.855, 2*0.625*0.75*0.855)
A5 = (Dp - d - 2tn)te*fr4
=(21.5 - 16 - 2*0.75)*0.5*1
A5 = 2.000
A41 = Leg41^2*fr3
A41 = 0.5^2*0.855
A41 = 0.214
A42 = Leg42^2*fr4
A42 = 0.375^2*1
A42 = 0.141
A43 = (Leg43-nca)^2*fr2
= (0.375-0)^2*0.855
A43 = 0.120
Actual Area = 7.038
Acceptable
Actual-Required = 0.348
Internal Weld Load: (UG-41)
WmaxI = (A - A1 + 2*Tn*Fr1*(E1*t-F*tr))*Sv, min0
= (6.69 - 2.17 + 2*0.75*0.855*(1*0.55-1*0.413))*20000
WmaxI =

14 of 21
External

0.000

8.680

1.763
0.802
2.000
0.214
0.141
0.120
13.720
13.720
93,927

W 1-1 = MIN((A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv,WmaxI)


W 1-1 = 78,923
= MIN((1.592 + 2 + 0.214 + 0.141)*20000,93927)
W 2-2 = Min((A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*frone)*Sv,WmaxI)
W 2-2 = 68,654
= Min((1.592 + 0.802 + 0.214 + 0.12 + 2*0.75*0.55*0.855)*20000,93927)
W 3-3 = Min((A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*fr1)*Sv,WmaxI)
W 3-3 = 93,927
Weld load
= Min((1.592 + 0.802 + 2 + 0.214 + 0.141 + 0.12 + 2*0.75*0.55*0.855)*20000,93927)
External Weld Load: (UG-41)
WmaxE = (Ae - A1e + 2*Tn*Fr1*(E1*t-F*tr))*Sv, min0
W1-1 =
=
W 2-2 =
W 3-3 =
=

MIN((A2e + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv,WmaxE)


MIN((1.763 + 2 + 0.214 + 0.141)*20000,0)
Min((A2e + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*frone)*Sv,WmaxE)

Weld load

W 1-1e = 0

W 2-2e = 0
= Min((1.763 + 0.802 + 0.214 + 0.12 + 2*0.75*0.55*0.855)*20000,0)

Min((A2e + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*Tn*t*fr1)*Sv,WmaxE)


Min((1.763 + 0.802 + 2 + 0.214 + 0.141 + 0.12 + 2*0.75*0.55*0.855)*20000,0)

Component Strength (UG-45(c), UW-15(c))


A2 shear = PI()/2*(Do-tn)*tn*Sn*0.7
g tension = PI()/2*Do*LegG*Min(Sv,Sn)*0.74
A41 shear = PI()/2*Do*Leg41*Min(Sn,Sp)*0.49
A42 shear = PI()/2*DP*Leg42*Min(Sv,Sp)*0.49

WmaxE = 0

= (0 - 8.68 + 2*0.75*0.855*(1*0.55-1*0.413))*20000

Weld load

= PI()/2*(17.5-0.75)*0.75*17100*0.7
= PI()/2*17.5*0.675*Min(20000,17100)*0.74
= PI()/2*17.5*0.5*Min(17100,20000)*0.49
= PI()/2*21.5*0.375*Min(20000,20000)*0.49

Failure mode along strength path (Greater than Weld Load, see App L-7)
S1-1 = A42s + A2s >= W1-1
Acceptable
= 124113 + 236206 >= 78923
S2-2 = A41s + gt >= W2-2
Acceptable
= 115165 + 234795 >= 68654
S3-3 = gt + A42s >= W3-3
Acceptable
= 234795 + 124113 >= 93927
Tstd = Standard pipe wall thickness from chart
Tstd =
Swre = tr * Pa / P
= 0.413 * 0 / 155.197
Req. Exterior pressure
Swre =
Nact = Nt * (1-UTp)
= 0.75 * (1-0)
Actual Wall Thick.
Nact =
Tt = 0.8/Nth
= 0.8/0
Ug-31(c)(2) threads
Tt =
UG-45
UG45 = Max(UG45a, UG45b) <= Nact
= Max(0.073, 0.328) <= 0.75
UG45 =
UG45a = Max(trn,trnE) + Nca + Tt
= Max(0.073,0) + 0 + 0
UG45a =
UG45b = Min(UG45b3,UG45b4)
0.537513 = Min(0.538, 0.328)
UG45b =
UG45b1 = Max(tr + Sca, tmin16b + Sca)
= Max(0.413 + 0.125, 0.094 + 0.125)
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 = Max(Swre + Sca,tmin16b + Sca)
= Max(0 + 0.125,0.094 + 0.125)
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 = Max(UG45b1,UG45b2)
= Max(0.538,)
UG45b3 =
UG45b4 = Tstd*0.875 + Nca
= 0.375*0.875 + 0
UG45b4 =

W 3-3e = 0

A2s =
gt =
A41s =
A42s =

236,206
234,795
115,165
124,113

S1-1 = 360,318
S2-2 = 349,960
S3-3 = 358,908
0.375
0.000
0.750
0.000
Acceptable
0.328
0.073
0.328
0.538
0.538
0.328

30

Nozzle Reinforcement ver 3.90

UW16(c)mod <- SavedDesign


www.pveng.com

31

33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
54
55
57
58
59
61
71
73
74
87
88
90
95
96
101
102
108
111
126
127
131
133
141
142
143
145
146
148
150
158
171
180
181
182
183
207
208
209
212
215
216
219
220
225
226
230
231
233
234
240
247
249
250
330

Sample 4 <- Vessel


M2 - 12" x 16" Manway c/w 4 x 3/4" Ring on Shell <- Description
Shell:
SA-516 70 <- Shell Material
OD Nozzle
20,000 <- Sv, shell allowable stress level, PSI
1.00 <- E1, efficiency of shell at nozzle
Nt
Leg43
59.00 <- Ds, Shell ID
0.500 <- Vt, shell wall thick, uncorroded, UT removed
Full
Penn.
0.231 <- tr, required shell wall thickness int. press.(E=1)
t
0.000 <- trE, required shell wall thickness ext. press.(E=1)
Leg41
0.125 <- sca, shell corrosion allowance
0.094 <- tmin16b, Min allowed wall per UG-16(b)
Leg41
Shell
Nozzle:
SA-106B <- Nozzle Material
Vt
17,100 <- Sn, allowable stress level (Sn)
17,600 <- B, from A =
0.09590
Leg43
1.00 <- E, nozzle efficiency
Proj
155.20 <- P, internal design pressure
0.0 <- Pa, external design pressure
17.500 <- Do, outside diameter
0.750 <- Nt, wall thick, uncorroded
UW-16.1 (c) modified
0.0% <- UTp, undertolerance (%)
0.125 <- nca, nozzle corrosion allowance
2.625 <- L, exterior Projection
0.875 <- Ip, interior projection
Reinforcing:
0.375 <- Leg41, size of weld fillet
0.625 <- Leg43, size of weld fillet
1.000 <- F
Variables:
UT = Nt*UTp
= 0.75 * 0
Undertolerance
Rn = Do/2 - (Nt-nca) + UT
= 17.5/2 - (0.75-0.125) + 0
Effective Radius
t = Vt-sca
= 0.5 - 0.125
Effective Shell Thickness
ti = Nt-2*nca
= 0.75 - 2 * 0.125
Nom Thick of Int. Proj.
tn = Nt-nca
= 0.75-0.125
Avail. Nozzle Thick. No UT
d = Do-2*tn
= 17.5 - 2*0.625
Opening Dia.
fr1 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
fr2 = MIN(Sn/Sv,1)
= MIN(17100/20000, 1)
h = MIN(Ip-sca,2.5*t,2.5*ti)
= MIN(0.875-0.125,2.5*0.375,2.5*0.5)
tcLeg41 = Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,tn,t))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.625,0.375))
tcLeg43 = Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,t,tn))
= Min(0.25,0.7*Min(0.75,0.375,0.625))
F = Min(Fenterered, 1)
Pipe Required Wall Thickness - trn from internal, trnE from external pressure
LDo = L/Do
LDo = 0.150
Dot = Do/trnE
Dot =
trn = (P*Rn)/(Sn*E - 0.6*P) <= tn-UT
= (155.2*8.125)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
trn =
trnR = (P*Rn)/(Sn*1 - 0.6*P)
= (155.2*8.125)/(17100*1 - 0.6*155.2)
E=1
trnR =
= (3*17.5*0)/(4*17600)
trnE = (3*Do*Pa)/(4*B) <= tn-ut
trnE =
Geometry Constraints:
0.7*Leg41 >= tc41
0.7*0.375 >= 0.25
0.263
>=
0.7*Leg43-nca >= tc43
0.7*0.625-0.125 >= 0.25
0.313
>=

Nozzle

22

Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

332
333
334

336
337
338
339
340
341
342

UT =
Rn =
t=
ti =
tn =
d=
fr1 =
fr2 =
h=
tc41 =
tc43 =
F=
0.000
0.074
0.074
0.000
0.250
0.250

0.000
8.125
0.375
0.500
0.625
16.250
0.855
0.855
0.750
0.250
0.250
1.000

Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable
Acceptable

Appendix 1-7 Necessary Check


when Ds>60,if(2*Rn<=Ds/3,if(2*Rn<=40, "App. 1-7 calculations not required","App. 1-7 calculations required"),"App. 1-7 calculations required")
when Ds<=60,if(2*Rn<Ds/2,if(2*Rn<20,"App. 1-7 calculations not required","App. 1-7 calculations required"),"App. 1-7 calculations required")
App. 1-7 calculations not required
Area Replacement: Fig UG-37.1
Pressure From: Internal
External
A = 1.0*d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1-fr1)
A Required (internal) = 3.795
= 1.0*16.25*0.231*1 + 2*0.625*0.231*1*(1-0.855)
Ae = 0.5*(d*trE*1 + 2*tn*trE*1*(1-fr1))
= 0.5*(16.25*0*1 + 2*0.625*0*1*(1-0.855))
A Required (external) = 0.000
A1 = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*tr)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*tr)*(1-fr1)
A1 = 2.315
= max(16.25,2*(0.375+0.625))* (1*0.375-1*0.231)-2*0.625*(1*0.375-1*0.231)*(1-0.855)
A1e = max(d, 2*(t+tn)) * (E1*t-F*trE)-2*tn*(E1*t-F*trE)*(1-fr1)
A1e =
6.026
= max(16.25,2*(0.375+0.625))* (1*0.375-1*0)-2*0.625*(1*0.375-1*0)*(1-0.855)
A2 = min((tn-trnR)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnR)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2 = 0.883
= min((0.625-0.074)*0.855*Min(5*0.375,2*2.625) , (0.625-0.074)*0.855*Min(5*0.625,2*2.625))
A2e = min((tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*t,2*L) , (tn-trnE)*fr2*Min(5*tn,2*L))
A2e =
1.002
= min((0.625-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.375,2*2.625) , (0.625-0)*0.855*Min(5*0.625,2*2.625))
A3 = Min(5*t*ti*fr2, 5*ti*ti*fr2, 2*h*ti*fr2)
A3 = 0.641
0.641
= Min(5*0.375*0.5*0.855, 5*0.5*0.5*0.855, 2*0.75*0.5*0.855)
A41 = Leg41^2*fr2
= 0.375^2*0.855
A41 = 0.120
0.120
A43 = (Leg43-nca)^2*fr2
= (0.625-0.125)^2*0.855
A43 = 0.214
0.214
Actual Area = 4.173
8.003
Acceptable
Actual-Required = 0.378
8.003

331

335

15-Apr-10
Page 15 of 21
Automatic dh - not hillside
Automatic Limit Diameter
Curved Shell or Head Section

Standard pipe wall thickness from chart


tr * Pa / P
= 0.231 * 0 / 155.197
Nt * (1-UTp)
= 0.75 * (1-0)
0.8/Nth
= 0.8/0

Req. Exterior pressure

UG-45
UG45 =
UG45a =
UG45b =
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 =
UG45b4 =

Max(UG45a, UG45b) <= Nact


Max(trn,trnE) + Nca + Tt
Min(UG45b3,UG45b4)
0.355961
Max(tr + Sca, tmin16b + Sca)
Max(Swre + Sca,tmin16b + Sca)
Max(UG45b1,UG45b2)
Tstd*0.875 + Nca

= Max(0.199, 0.356) <= 0.75


= Max(0.074,0) + 0.125 + 0
= Min(0.356, 0.453)
= Max(0.231 + 0.125, 0.094 + 0.125)
= Max(0 + 0.125,0.094 + 0.125)
= Max(0.356,)
= 0.375*0.875 + 0.125

Actual Wall Thick.


Ug-31(c)(2) threads

Tstd =
Swre =
Nact =
Tt =

0.375
0.000
0.750
0.000
Acceptable
0.356
0.199
0.356
0.356

UG45 =
UG45a =
UG45b =
UG45b1 =
UG45b2 =
UG45b3 = 0.356
UG45b4 = 0.453

Vessel Weight and Volume ver 4.03


Sample 4 Description

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Page 16 of 21

Volume:
2
1.00
12.00
190.00

nhead - Number of heads?


SG - Fluid Specific Gravity
VE [ft3] - Volume of Each Head
VS [ft3] - Volume of Shell

Construction:
789 Wh [lb] - Weight of Each Head
3181 Ws [lb] - Weight of Shell
650 Wm [lb] - Misc Weight
Calculations:
V [ft3] =
V2 [Imp. Gallons] =
V3 [US Gallons] =
Wf [lb] =
WC [lb] =
WT [lb] =

VE*nhead + VS
V*6.229
V*7.4805
62.37*SG*V
Wh*nhead + Ws + Wm
WC + Wf

total volume

fluid weight
construction weight
total weight

12*2 + 190 =
214*6.229 =
214*7.4805 =
62.37*1*214 =
789*2 + 3181 + 650 =
5409.83 + 13347.18 =

214.00
1,333.01
1,600.83
13,347.18
5,409.83
18,757.01

Lifting Lugs ver 4.01


Sample Vessel 4 Liftng Lugs Description

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47

Dimensions:
5,410
8.000
0.500
2.500
1.500
2.500
0.250

Load [lb] - vessel weight empty


W [in] - width
Thick [in] - lug thickness
H [in] - hole height
Dia [in] - hole diameter
OR [in] - outside radius
Weld [in] - leg size

Page 17 of 21

Load Case 1
OR
Dia
Load Case 2
H

SA-516 70 Material
20,000 SA [psi] - allowed stress in tension
All of load assumed carried by one lug
Weld
All load cases analyzed independently
W
Never load lug perpendicular to face
Contour lug to fit vessel
Do not move or support vessel with this lug when full or pressurized
SB = UG-34(b) Max Bending Stress, SS = IID Tbl 1A(d) Max Shear Stress, SSw = UW-15(c) UW-15 Max Weld Shear

SB [psi] = SA * 1.5
SS [psi] = SA * 0.8
SSw [psi] = SA * 0.49
Tensile Stress (case 1):
A1 [in ] = Thick*(OR-Dia/2)
A [in ] = A1 * 2
Stress [psi] = Load / A
CheckTenStr = Stress <= SA
2
2

Pin Bearing Stress (case 1 and 2):


Area [in ] = Dia * Thick
PinStress [psi] = Load / Area
CheckPinStr = PinStress <= (1.6 * SA)
2

Bending Stress (case 2):


Moment [in-lb] = Load * H
I [in ] = Thick * W^3 / 12
c [in] = W/2
BendStress [psi] = Moment*c/I
CheckBendStr = BendStress <= SB
4

Shear Stress (case 2):


ShrArea [in ] = W*Thick
ShrStress [psi] = Load/ShrArea
CheckShStr = ShrStress <= SS
2

Weld Stress (case 1):


Circ [in] = W*2+Thick*2+Weld*4
WeldArea [in ] = Circ * Weld
WeldStress [psi] = Load / WeldArea
CheckWldStr = WeldStress <= SSw
2

20000 * 1.5 = 30,000


20000 * 0.8 = 16,000
20000 * 0.49 = 9,800
0.5*(2.5-1.5/2) =
0.875 * 2 =
5410 / 1.75 =
3091 <= 20000 =

0.875
1.750
3,091
Acceptable

1.5 * 0.5 = 0.750


5410 / 0.75 = 7,213
7213 <= (1.6 * 20000) = Acceptable
5410 * 2.5 =
0.5 * 8^3 / 12 =
8/2 =
13525*4/21.333 =
2536 <= 30000 =

13,525
21.333
4.000
2,536
Acceptable

8*0.5 = 4.000
5410/4 = 1,352
1352 <= 16000 = Acceptable
8*2+0.5*2+0.25*4 =
18 * 0.25 =
5410 / 4.5 =
1202 <= 9800 =

Weld Stress (case 2):


Moment2 [in-lb] = Load * H
5410 * 2.5 =
I2 [in ] = (Thick +2*Weld)* (W+2*Weld)^3 / 12 - I
(0.5 +2*0.25)* (8+2*0.25)^3 / 12 - 21.333 =
c2 [in] = W/2 + Weld
8/2 + 0.25 =
WldStress2 [psi] = Moment2*c2/I2
13525*4.25/29.844 =
CheckWldStr2 = WldStress2 <= SSw
1926 <= 9800 =

18.000
4.500
1,202
Acceptable
13,525

48
49
50
51

29.844
4.250
1,926
Acceptable

15
16

Vessel On Beams Ver 2.24

19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
35
38
39
40
41
42
43
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
84
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
112

15-Apr-10

Sample 4 <- Vessel

17
18

www.pveng.com

Page 18 of 21
IBC-2000

Vessel Dimensions (Inch and Lbs):


162.500 <- H, height
90.000 <- L, center of gravity
27.000 <- ls, leg free length
60.000 <- Do, shell outside diameter
60.500 <- ds, leg pitch diameter
0.500 <- t, shell corroded thickness
0.250 <- ws - leg weld size
18.000 <- lw - length of leg to shell weld
35.000 <- lwf - length of weld on foot
5,410 <- W, Weight lbs
155.2 <- Pr, Pressure
Site Specific Seismic Information per IBC-2000:
1.000 <- I, occupation importance factor
E <- Site Class
0.750 <- Ss, Acceleration at Short Periods
0.300 <- S1, Acceleration at a period of one second
1.200 <- Fa, Site Coefficient
2.800 <- Fv, Site Coefficient
2.000 <- R, Response Modification Factor
Leg Supports:
W6x15
4
29.100
9.320
1.460
4.430
6.000
6.000
0.800

<- Structural Description


<- n, number of legs
<- Ix, for one leg
<- Iy, for one leg
<- fFactor, Least radius of Gyration
<- A, Leg Cross Sectional Area
<- 2cx, Beam Depth
<- 2cy, Beam Width
<- K1, Leg Anchor Factor

Material Properties:
17,100 <- maximum leg bending stress (Sb)
20,000 <- maximum shell stress (Sa)
Attachment Dimensions:
6.000 <- 2C1, Width of rectangular loading
6.000 <- 2C2, Length of rectangular loading
Static Deflection
E = 30,000,000
bc = 12.0
leg boundary condition based on fixed or loose leg
y = (2*W*ls^3)/(bc*n*E*(Ix + Iy))
= (2*5409.828*27^3)/(12*4*30000000*(29.1 + 9.32))
Period of Vibration
g = 386
T = 2*pi*sqrt(y/g)
Base Shear
Sms =
Sm1 =
Sds =
Sd1 =
Cs =
CsMAX =
CsMIN =
Csfinal =
V=

=2 * 3.14 * sqrt(0/386)

Fa*Ss
= 1.2*0.75
Fv*S1
= 2.8*0.3
2/3*Sms
= 2/3*0.9
2/3*Sm1
= 2/3*0.84
Sds/(R/I)
= 0.6/(2/1)
Sd1/(T*R/I)
= 0.56/(0.02*2/1)
0.044*Sds*I
= 0.044*0.6*1
if(cs<=csmax, if(cs>csmin, cs, csmin), csmax)
Csfinal*W
= 0.3*5409.828

y = 0.004

T = 0.020
Sms =
Sm1 =
Sds =
Sd1 =
Cs =
CsMAX =
CsMIN =
Csfinal =
V=

0.9
0.84
0.600
0.560
0.300
14.112
0.026
0.300
1623

115
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137

Sample 4 Vessel On Beams


Horizontal Seismic Force at Top of Vessel
Ftmax = 0.25*V
= 0.25 * 1623
Ftp = 0.07 * T * V
= 0.07 * 0.02 * 1623
Ft = if (T < 0.7, 0, min(0.07*T*V, Ftmax))
Horizontal Seismic Force at cg
Fh = V - Ft

Overturning Moment at Base


Mb = L*Fh + H*Ft

141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168

Page 19 of 21
Ftmax = 406
Ftp = 2.25
Ft = 0

= 1623 - 0

Fh = 1,623

Vertical force at cg
Fv = W

Fv = 5,410
= 90 * 1623 + 162.5 * 0

Mb = 146,065

Overturning Moment at Bottom Tangent Line


Mt = (L-ls)*Fh + (H-ls)*Ft
= (90 - 27) * 1623 + (162.5 - 27) * 0

Mt = 102,246

Maximum eccentric load


f1 = Fv/n + 4*Mto/(n*Do)

= 5409.82819109538/4 + 4*102246/(4 * 60)

f1 = 3,057

= 5409.82819109538/4 + 4*146065/(4 * 60.5)

f2 = 3,767

Axial Load
f2 = Fv/n + 4*Mb/(n*ds)

138
139
140

15-Apr-10

Leg Loads
f3x = 0.5*V*Ix/(Ix+Iy)
f3y = 0.5*V*Iy/(Ix+Iy)
Leg Bending Moments
e = (ds-Do)/2
Mx = f1*e + f3x*ls
My = f1*e + f3y*ls
Leg Bending Stress
Sbmax = Sb * 1.25
fx = Mx*cx/Ix
fy = My*cy/Iy

=0.5* 1623*29.1 /( 29.1+9.32)


=0.5* 1623*9.32 /( 29.1+9.32)

f3x = 615
f3y = 197

=(60.5-60)/2
=3057*0.25 + 615*27
=3057*0.25 + 197*27

e = 0.25
Mx = 17,359
My = 6,079

=17100 * 1.25
=17359 * 3 / 29.1
=6079 * 3 / 9.32

Leg axial stress


K1*ls/fFactor =
=0.8 * 27 / 1.46
Fa max = AISC code lookup based on K1*ls/r
fa = f2/A
=3767 / 4.43

Acceptable
Acceptable

K1*ls/fFactor = 14.795
Fa max = 25,675
fa = 850

Acceptable

Maximum Euler Stress


Fe = 12*pi^2*E/(23*(K1*L/r)^2)
= 12*pi^2*30000000/(23*14.795^2)
Combined Stress
Fc1 = fa/Famax + 0.85*fx/((1-fa/Fe)*Sbmax)
= 850/25675 + 0.85*1790/((1-850/705785)*21375)
Fc2 = fa/Famax + 0.85*fy/((1-fa/Fe)*Sbmax)
= 850/25675 + 0.85*1957/((1-850/705785)*21375)

Sbmax = 21,375
fx = 1,790
fy = 1,957

Fe = 705,785
Acceptable
Fc1 = 0.10
Acceptable
Fc2 = 0.11

171
172
173
174
175
176
177

Sample 4 Vessel On Beams

15-Apr-10

Page 20 of 21

Beam to Shell Attachment Stresses


Beam Dimensions
cx = 2cx/2
cy = 2cy/2

cx = 3.000
cy = 3.000

178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216

C dimensions for weld stress


weld area = ws*lw
wa = 4.500
wcx = lw/2
wcx = 9.000
wcz = cy + ws
wcz = 3.250
wcy = sqrt(wcx^2 + wcy^2)
Shear Force Distribution
Vx = (V*Ix)/((n/2)*(Ix+Iy))
Vy = (V*Iy)/((n/2)*(Ix+Iy))
Vg = W/n

= sqrt(9^2 + 9.569^2)
= (1622.948*29.1)/((4/2)*(29.1+9.32))
= (1622.948*9.32)/((4/2)*(29.1+9.32))

gravity

Weld Moments of Inertias


Iwx = (ws*lw^3/12)*2
Iwz = (lw*ws^3/12 + wa*(cy+ws/2)^2)*2
= (18*0.25^3/12 + 4.5*(3+0.25/2)^2)*2
Iwy = Iwx + Iwz

= 5409.828/4

Iwx = 243.0
Iwz = 87.9

= 243 + 88

Iwy = 330.9

Vx*(ls+lw/2) + Vg*(ds-Do)/2
615*(27+18/2) + 1352.457*(60.5-60)/2
Vy*(ls+lw/2)
Vy*(ds-Do)/2

= 197*(27+18/2)
= 197*(60.5-60)/2

Weld Stresses
Sx =
Sy =
Sz =
Sg =

Mx*wcx/Iwx
My1*wcy/Iwy
Mz*wcz/Iwz
Vg/(wa*2)

= 17359*9/243
= 7087*9.569/330.9
= 49*3.25/87.9
= 1352/(4.5*2)

Stress Limits and Ratios


Slim = min(Sb,Sa)*0.49
SxR =
SyR =
SzR =
SgR =

Sx/Slim
Sy/Slim
Sz/Slim
Sg/Slim

Mx = 22,465

219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227

My1 = 7,087
Mz = 49

= min(17100,20000)*0.49
= 643/8379
= 205/8379
= 2/8379
= 150/8379
Acceptable

217
218

Foot Plate Attachment Stresses


waf = ws*lwf
Vv = V/n

Vx = 615
Vy = 197
Vg = 1,352

= (0.25*18^3/12)*2

Weld Moments
Mx =
=
My1 =
Mz =

Bending
Twisting
Torision
Gravity

wcy = 9.569

weld area in foot = 0.25*35


= 1623/4

Sv = Vv/waf
Sgf = Vg/waf

= 406/8.75
= 1352.457/8.75

SvRf = Sv/Slim
SgRf = Sgf/Slim

= 46/8379
= 154.567/8379

Sx =
Sy =
Sz =
Sg =

643
205
2
150

Slim = 8,379
SxR =
SyR =
SzR =
SgR =
total (<1)

0.077
0.024
0.000
0.018
0.119

waf = 8.750
Vv = 406
Sv = 46
Sgf = 155

Acceptable

SvRf = 0.006
SgRf = 0.018
total (<1) 0.024

15-Apr-10

231

232

Page 21 of 21

WRC 107 - shell local stress at support

233
234

Loads (psi and lb)


614.6
3,766.8
0.0
6,079.1
0.0
0.0

235
236
237
238
239
240

<- P, Axial Load (=vx)


<- VL, Longitudinal load(=f2)
<- Vc, Circumferential load
<- ML, Moment (=My)
<- Mc, Moment
<- MT, Torisional

241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291

Parameters
MaxSPm = Sa
for Pm stresses
MaxSPmb = 1.5*Sa
for Pm + Pb stresses
MaxSPmbQ = 1.5*Sa
for Pm + Pb + Q stresses
Ri = (Do-2*T)/2
Rm = (Do-T)/2
r = Rm/T
Beta1 = 2C1/2/Rm
Beta2 = 2C2/2/Rm
SL = (Ri-0.4*T)*Pr/(2*T)
Sc = (Ri+0.6*T)*Pr/T
Stress concentration factors
Shell Combined Stresses:
Lookup A
Curve
A Value
A Value
Pressure Stress
VIII-1 Code
4C
3C
No/(P/Rm)
3C or 4C
9.80981
7.99937
Mo/P
1C or 2C-1 0.10736
0.07214
No/(Mc/(Rm^2*beta))
3A
2.00349
Mo/(Mc/(Rm*beta))
1A
0.08976
No/(ML/(Rm^2*beta))
3B
6.62238
Mo/(ML/(Rm*beta)) 1B or 1B-1
0.04054

292
293
294
295

Pressure Stress

296

Nx/(P/Rm)

297

Mx/P

298

Nx/(Mc/(Rm^2*beta))

299

Mx/(Mc/(Rm*beta))

300

Nx/(ML/(Rm^2*beta))

301

Mx/(ML/(Rm*beta))

302
303
304
305

Shear VL

306
307

Shear VC
Total Shear

308

S1m

309

S2m

310

S12

311

S23

312
313

S31
Sm<= MaxSPmb

314

S1m+b

315

S2m+b

316

S12

317

S23

318
319

S31
Smb<= MaxSPmb

320

S1m+b+Q

321

S2m+b+Q

322

S12

323

S23

324

S31
Smb<= MaxSPmbQ

325

VIII-1 Code
3C or 4C
1C-1 or 2C
4A
2A
4B
2B or 2B-1

9.80981
0.07151

7.99937
0.10957
3.02513
0.04374
1.96743
0.05817

Pm - primary membrance stress


Pb - primary bending stress
Q - secondary stress

MaxSPm =
MaxSPmb =

MaxSPmbQ =
Ri =
Rm =
r=
Beta1 =
Beta2 =
SL =
Sc =
Kn =

= 29.75/0.5
= 6/2/29.75
= 6/2/29.75
= (29.5-0.4*0.5)*155.197/(2*0.5)
= (29.5+0.6*0.5)*155.197/0.5
Kb = 1
Equation
SC
Kn*A*P/(Rm*T)
Kb*A*6*P/T^2
Kn*A*Mc/(Rm^2*beta*T)
Kb*A*6*Mc/(Rm*beta*T^2)
Kn*A*ML/(Rm^2*beta*T)
Kb*A*6*ML/(Rm*beta*T^2)
Pm
Pm+Pb
Pm+Pb+Q
SL
Kn*A*P/(Rm*T)
Kb*A*6*P/T^2
Kn*A*Mc/(Rm^2*beta*T)
Kb*A*6*Mc/(Rm*beta*T^2)
Kn*A*ML/(Rm^2*beta*T)
Kb*A*6*ML/(Rm*beta*T^2)
Pm
Pm+Pb
Pm+Pb+Q
VL/(Pi*sqrt(c1*c2)*T)
VC/(Pi*sqrt(c1*c2)*T)
Sum of shears

((Sx+So)/2)+SQRT(((Sx-So)/2)^2+Txo^2)
((Sx+So)/2)-SQRT(((Sx-So)/2)^2+Txo^2)
abs(S1m - S2m)
abs(S2m-0)
abs(0-S1m)
max(S12,S23,S31)<=30000
((Sx+So)/2)+SQRT(((Sx-So)/2)^2+Txo^2)
((Sx+So)/2)-SQRT(((Sx-So)/2)^2+Txo^2)
abs(S1m - S2m)
abs(S2m-0)
abs(0-S1m)
max(S12,S23,S31)<=30000
((Sx+So)/2)+SQRT(((Sx-So)/2)^2+Txo^2)
((Sx+So)/2)-SQRT(((Sx-So)/2)^2+Txo^2)
abs(S1m - S2m)
abs(S2m-0)
abs(0-S1m)
max(S12,S23,S31)<=60000

Cat
Pm
Pm
Pb
Pm
Q
Pm
Q
So
So
So
Pm
Pm
Pb
Pm
Q
Pm
Q
Sx
Sx
Sx

Txo

Acceptable

Acceptable

Acceptable

20,000
30,000
30,000
29.5
29.75
59.50
0.101
0.101
4,547
9,250
1

Au
9250
-405
-1064

AL
9250
-405
1064

Bu
9250
-405
-1064

BL
9250
-405
1064

-902
-1937
7942
6878
4941
4547
-331
-1616

-902
1937
7942
9006
10943
4547
-331
1616

902
1937
9747
8682
10619
4547
-331
-1616

902
-1937
9747
10811
8874
4547
-331
1616

-268
-2695
3949
2332
-363

-268
2695
3949
5565
8260

268
2695
4485
2869
5564

268
-2695
4485
6101
3406

0
0
7,942
3,949
3,994
3,949
7,942
7,942
6,878
2,332
4,546
2,332
6,878
6,878
4,941
-363
5,304
363
4,941
5,304

Cu
9250
-331
-1584
0
0

CL
9250
-331
1584
0
0

Du
9250
-331
-1584
0
0

DL
9250
-331
1584
0
0

8919
7336
7336
4547
-405
-1055
0
0

8919
10503
10503
4547
-405
1055
0
0

8919
7336
7336
4547
-405
-1055
0
0

8919
10503
10503
4547
-405
1055
0
0

4142
3087
3087
-799

4142
5197
5197
-799

4142
3087
3087
799

4142
5197
5197
799

0
0
0
0
0
0
-799
-799
799
799
7,942 9,747
9,747 9,049 9,049 9,049 9,049
3,949 4,485
4,485 4,012 4,012 4,012 4,012
3,994 5,262
5,262 5,038 5,038 5,038 5,038
3,949 4,485
4,485 4,012 4,012 4,012 4,012
7,942 9,747
9,747 9,049 9,049 9,049 9,049
7,942 9,747
9,747 9,049 9,049 9,049 9,049
9,006 8,682 10,811 7,481 10,621 7,481 10,621
5,565 2,869
6,101 2,942 5,079 2,942 5,079
3,441 5,814
4,710 4,539 5,542 4,539 5,542
5,565 2,869
6,101 2,942 5,079 2,942 5,079
9,006 8,682 10,811 7,481 10,621 7,481 10,621
9,006 8,682 10,811 7,481 10,621 7,481 10,621
10,943 10,619 8,874 7,481 10,621 7,481 10,621
8,260 5,564
3,406 2,942 5,079 2,942 5,079
2,683 5,056
5,468 4,539 5,542 4,539 5,542
8,260 5,564
3,406 2,942 5,079 2,942 5,079
10,943 10,619 8,874 7,481 10,621 7,481 10,621
10,943 10,619 8,874 7,481 10,621 7,481 10,621