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CONTENT

y DHIRUBHAI AMBANI. 1. INDRODUCTION. 2. HIS JOURNEY. 3. ACHIEVEMENTS. 4. SPIRIT OF DHIRUBHAI AMBANI. 5. MANAGEMENT LESSONS FROM

DHIRUBHAI AMBANI.

y MAHATMA GANDHI. 1. INTRODUCTION. 2. HIS JOURNEY. 3. MAHATMA GANDHIS LEADERSHIP y ADOLF HITLER. 1. INTRODUCTION. 2. HIS RISE AND FALL. 3. MANAGEMENT LESSONS

QUALITIES.

FROM ADOLF HITLER.

y COMPARITIVE STUDY OF THER LEADER SHIP STYLES.

Dhirubhai H. Ambani Founder Chairman, Reliance Industries Limited, India.

INTRODUCTION Birthdate:28 Decmber 1932. Birthplace: Chorwad, village in Saurashtra (Gujarat), India. Father's Name: Hirachand Govardhandas Ambani. Mother's Name: Jamunaben Hirachand Ambani. FAMILY: Wife: Kokilaben. Four children: two sons, Mukesh, who is Chairman & Managing Director and Anil, Vice-Chairman & Managing Director of Reliance Industries and two daughters, Dipti Salgaocar who lives in Goa and Nina Kothari, who resides in Chennai.--%> Four children : two sons Mukesh and Anil, and two daughters, Dipti Salgaocar who lives in Goa and Nina Kothari who resides in Chennai. HIS JOURNEY y At the age of 17 went to Aden (now part of Yemen) and worked for A. Besse & Co. Ltd., the sole selling distributor of Shell products. y In the year 1958 returned to Mumbai and started his first company, Reliance Commercial Corporation, a commodity trading and export house.

y In the year 1966, as a first step in Reliance's highly successful strategy of backward integration, he started the textile mill in Naroda, Ahmedabad. y In the year 1975, a technical team from the World Bank certified that the Reliance textile plant was "excellent by developed country standards." y In the year 1977, the company went public. y Credited with a number of financial innovations in the Indian capital markets. Today, the Reliance Group has one of the largest family of shareholders in the world. With an investment of over Rs 36,000 crore (US$ 9 billion) in petroleum refining, petrochemicals, power generation, telecommunication services and a port terminal in a three-year time frame, has steered the Reliance Group to its current status as India's leading textiles-petroleum-petrochemicals-powertelecom player.

THE PHILANTHROPIST Educational Initiatives Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT) The Dhirubhai Ambani Foundation (DAF) has established the Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT) at Gandhinagar in the western Indian state of Gujarat. The institute was flagged off in August 2001, when 246 students were admitted through an all-India entrance exam for a four-year undergraduate programme in Information and Communication Technology. Postgraduate programmes were added from academic year 2002-03 onwards. In the coming years, the institute will also offer a wide range of training and research programmes and continuing education programmes for working executives as well as practicing professionals.

A number of new facilities have been created including additional floors for teaching, research laboratories, lecture theatres, a sports complex, a cultural centre and food courts. Hostel accommodation for students is being created on the campus. The Resource Centre (Library) is also under construction.  Healthcare InitiativesSir Hurkisondas Nurrotumdas Hospital and Research Centre (HNH&RC), Mumbai The DAF has joined the management of Sir Hurkisondas Nurottumdas Hospital and Research Centre (HNH&RC) and Sir Hurkisondas Nurottumdas Medical Research Society (HNMRS), based in Mumbai. HNH&RC is one of the oldest hospitals in the city, having been established in 1925. HNMRS is a 28-year-old institution involved in clinical research. Over the next few years, DAF plans to make substantial contributions for converting this hospital into a patient-focused and not-for-profit, world class, state-of-the-art centre of excellence in the field of healthcare. This institution will serve as a knowledge domain for healthcare activities and become a hub for a wider healthcare network. It is also proposed to make this a centre of excellence for clinical research and medical education. HNH&RC currently offers tertiary level healthcare facilities including superspecialties like cardiology, cardio-thoracic surgery, neurology and neuro-surgery, oncology, urology, nephrology and gastroenterology. It has on board 200 consultants across various specialisations. The total staff strength is about 1,000, including paramedical and other support staff. HNH&RC also provides free and subsidised outpatient and inpatient treatment for the poor. HNH&RC is recognised for its post-graduate program, leading to postgraduate diplomas in various specialties awarded by the College of Physicians

& Surgeons, Mumbai and the National Board of Examinations, New Delhi. HNH&RC is also recognised by Mumbai University for its M.Sc. and Ph.D. in biochemistry, applied biology, and microbiology. The hospital also runs a nursing school.

Achievements / Awards for Mr Dhirubhai H. Ambani

Title
The Economic Times - Lifetime Achievement Award TNS-Mode Survey - India's Most Admired CEO Chemtech Foundation - Man of the Century Award FICCI - Indian Entrepreneur of the 20th Century Award Asia Week - Dhirubhai among Asia's 50 most powerful people The Excerpt from Asia Week 1998 The Excerpt from Asia Week 2000 The Times of India - Dhirubhai Ambani voted "Creator of Wealth" of the Century Business Baron - Dhirubhai Ambani voted "Indian Businessman of the Century" The complete cover story Dhirubhai Ambani in Asia Week Hall of Fame The cover story Wharton's Dean Medal for Dhirubhai Ambani Business Week - Dhirubhai Ambani one of "The Stars of Asia" The complete cover story Business India - Dhirubhai Ambani, Businessman of the Year 1993

Date
10.08.2001 26.07.1999 08.11.2000 24.03.2000

29.05.1998 26.05.2000 08.01.2000 06.12.1999 31.10.1999 16.10.1998 15.06.1998

29.06.1998 31.10.1999

Spirit of Shri Dhirubhai H. Ambani Quotes at various forums


 Only when you dream it you can do it."

 "Think big, think fast, think ahead. Ideas are no one's monopoly".

 "Our dreams have to be bigger. Our ambitions higher. Our commitment deeper. And our efforts greater. This is my dream for Reliance and for India."

 "You do not require an invitation to make profits."

 If you work with determination and with perfection, success will follow."

 "Pursue your goals even in the face of difficulties, and convert adversities into opportunities."

 Between my past, the present and the future, there is one common factor: Relationship and Trust. This is the foundation of our growth".

 We bet on people."

 "Give the youth a proper environment. Motivate them. Extend them the support they need. Each one of them has infinite source of energy. They will deliver."

 "Meeting the deadlines is not good enough, beating the deadlines is my expectation."

 "Don't give up, courage is my conviction."

9 MANAGEMENT

LESSONS FROM DHIRUBHAI AMBANI

 Dhirubhaism No 1: Roll up your sleeves and help. You and your team share the same DNA..  Dhirubhaism No 2: Be a safety net for your team.  Dhirubhaism No 3: The silent benefactor.  Dhirubhaism No 4: Dream big, but dream with your eyes open.  5. Dhirubhaism: Leave the professional alone!  6. Dhirubhaism: Change your orbit, constantly! Changing orbits is the key to our progress as a nation.  7. The arm-around-the-shoulder leader.  8. The Dhirubhai theory of Supply creating Demand.  9. Money is not a product by itself, it is a by-product, so don't chase it.

MAHATMA GANDHI

INTRODUCTION Birthdate: 02 October 1869. Birthplace: PORBANDAR,BOMBAY PRESIDENCY,BRITISH INDIA. Father's Name: KARAM CHAND GANDHI. Mother's Name: PUTLI BAI GANDHI. FAMILY: Wife: KASTURBA GANDHI. Four children: HARILAL. MANILAL. RAMDAS. DEVDAS. HIS JOURNEY In 1888 Gandhi went to London to study law, leaving his wife for three years. In the new surrounding he began experiments with diet that continued throughout his lifetime. After he was called to the bar at Inner Temple, he returned home to practice as a barrister in Bombay. Unable to find a suitable post, Gandhi moved to South

Africa in 1893. During his journey to Pretoria he had a firsthand experience with racist degradation, a most crucial experience in his formative years. Gandhi worked for Dada Abdullah & Co and the Indian community. Kasturba had again waited with the children in India, but in 1897 she joined her husband in Durban. Gandhi gained fame as a tenacious political campaigner, who courageously opposed the Transvaal government's discriminatory legislation against Indian settlers. His ideological basis was much derived from the liberal-humanist values he had absorbed in England, exemplified in the works of Ruskin, Thoreau, and Emerson. Gandhi remained in South Africa for 20 years and developed a system of non-violent defiance. For his services during the Boer War (1899-1902) Gandhi was awarded the War Medal. After the birth of their fourth son, Gandhi suggested to his wife that they sleep in separate beds. Gandhi's one-sided decision and sexual abstinence caused Kasturba for a long time much stress. In search for spiritual development Gandhi studied the Bible, the Koran, and memorized the Bhagavad Gita. Also Leo Tolstoy influenced him deeply. Gandhi saw that his methods were in harmony with Hindu doctrines of ahimsa and that "the strongest physical force bends before moral force when it is used in the defense of truth." In his middle thirties, Gandhi took the vow of bramahcharya, which means not only complete chastity but the elimination of sexual desire. To test his self-control Gandhi slept naked with young women. In 1914 Gandhi returned permanently to India. His most prominent adversary, Gen. Jan Smuts, wrote to a friend reliefed: "The saint has left our shores, I hope, forever." Gandhi became a highly influential figure in the National Congress, transforming it into an instrument of change. Following the massacre at Amritsar in 1919, in which British soldiers killed hundreds of Indians, Gandhi launched a policy of non-violent non-co-operation to secure swaraj (independence) from Britain. This process made Gandhi a gurulike figure. Resistance methods included strikes, refusal to pay taxes, abandonment of western for Indian dress, and refusal to respect colonial law. "One step enough for me," Gandhi often said without planning his actions far ahead. Gandhi himself adopted a simple, ascetic way of life, dressing only in a loincloth of handwoven cloth and sandals. He was jailed several times and went on hunger strikes to focus attention on his cause. When communal riots started on India's northwest frontier in 1924, Gandhi undertook a 21-day purificatory fast. After he

had walked some 200 miles on foot to the sea to collect salt illegally, the Viceroy started to relieve the punitive salt taxes and the government monopoly. Gandhi also strove to raise the status of untouchables, the caste whom everybody avoided. He gave them the name harijan, or "children of God", and founded the weekly paper Harijan, which was published in English and Hindi. In an attempt to persuade the orthodox Hindus to wipe out the "blight of untouchability", Gandhi undertook fast in the summer of 1933 for three weeks. In order to promote village self-sufficiency, Gandhi popularized handspinning and made know khadi, hand-spun cloth, the "livery of freedom." However, Gandhi's rejection of the Industrial Revolution wasn't supported by some his most close fiends, among them Jawaharlal Nehru. Gandhi's last months were shadowed by communal strife between Hindu and Muslim. When he walked barefoot through the scorched villages in East Bengal, locals strewed shattered glass on his path. Gandhi pleaded for amicable settlement between India and Pakistan, but on January 30, 1948, he was assassinated in Delhi on his way to an evening prayer. A young Hindu Brahmin, named Nathuram Godse, viewed Gandhi's acceptance of partition as a betrayal of the Hindu population, and fired three shots point-blank. Gandhi had not allowed police to search people near him. Godse believed that the prayer and the purity of the mind were signs of superstitions and without the "father of the nation" India would free to follow the course founded on reason.

MAHATMA GANDHIS LEADERSHIP QUALITYThe Father of the Nation is now being held up as the master strategist, an exemplary leader, and someone whose ideas and tactics corporate India can emulate.  Gandhi ji reinvented the rules of the game to deal with a situation where all the available existing methods had failed.  He broke tradition. He understood that you cannot fight the British with force. So he decided to change the game in a fundamentally differentway. He unleashed the power of ordinary people, inspired women andmen in the country to

fight under a unifying goal. Resource constraint didnot bother him. He aimed at a common agenda: Poorna Swaraj. That wasthe motivation.  Gandhi's leadership style is being termed as 'follower-centric' and one that took into account existing conditions before determining the strategy.  Gandhi ji advocated having leadership styles that were dependent on the circumstances. When Gandhi was in South Africa, he launched his protests in a suit and a tie. But when he came back to India, he thought ofk hadi and launched non-violent protests on a greater scale,  Itshows that Gandhi jis leadership style was situational leadership style..  Mahatma Gandhi's example to me is a perfect case of adopting styles to suit the culture. The country today stands divided on whether what he did was good or bad.  If Gandhi had gone there quietly, it would just not have made an impact. He knew he had to create an event to make an impact and so he took his followers on a march that stirred popular imagination of the time. He had a total understanding of the human psychology and used it along with his public relation skills.  In business, empowerment is all about making sure everyone is connected to the organization's goals. Gandhi has a way of doing that: making sure that everyone in the cause is connected to the goal  In the last few years, there is a thinking that capitalism is not just about creating wealth, but you have to take care of the shareholders and stakeholders, too. Many years ago, this emphasis on the interests of the stakeholders was labeled socialism. So, Gandhi's ideas and the lessons learnt from him are not totally different from what corporate India would like to do  In the last few years, there is a thinking that capitalism is not just about creating wealth, but you have to take care of the shareholders and stakeholders, too. Many years ago, this emphasis on the interests of the stakeholders was labeled socialism. So, Gandhi's ideas and the lessons learnt from him are not totally different from what corporate India would like to do  About Follower-Centric It is very important that leadership is about the follower not the leaders The leader should make his/her followers feel proud to be part of the team and to make them feel that they are an essential part of the team.

 The following is a quote how good leadership ensures this : Good leaders make people feel that they are at very heart of things , not at the periphery. Everyone feels that he or she makes a difference to the success of the organization, when that happens people feel centered and that gives their work meaning.

ADOLF HITLER.

INTRODUCTION Birthdate: 20 APRIL 1889 Birthplace: BRABAU AM INN, AUSTRIA, HUNGRY. Father's Name: ALIOS HITLER. Mother's Name: KLARA POLZI. FAMILY: Wife: EVA BRAUN. HIS JOURNEYAdolf hitler in vienna

Hitler moved to Vienna in 1907 where he applied to the Viennese Academy of Fine arts, but was twice turned down. This experience further embittered the increasingly

angry Hitler, and he remained in Vienna living off his small family inheritance and what he could make from selling his art, moving from hostel to hostel, a lonely, vagabond figure. During this period Hitler appears to have developed the world view that would characterise his whole life: a hatred for Jews and Marxists. Hitler was well placed to be influenced by the demagogy of Karl Lueger, Viennas deeply antiSemitic mayor.  Adolf Hitler and the First World War: Hitler moved to Munich in 1913 and avoided Austrian military service in early 1914 by virtue of being unfit. However, when the First World War broke out in 1914 he joined the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment, serving throughout the war. He proved to be an able and brave soldier as a dispatch runner, winning the Iron Cross (First Class) on two occasions. He was also wounded twice, and four weeks before the war ended suffered a gas attack which temporarily blinded and hospitalised him. It was here he learnt of Germanys surrender, which he took as a betrayal. He especially hated the Treaty of Versailles.  Adolf Hitler Enters Politics: After WW1 Hitler became convinced he was destined to save Germany. In 1919, working for an army unit, he was assigned to spy on a political party of roughly 40 idealists called the German Workers Party. Instead he joined it, swiftly rose to a position of dominance (he was chairman by 1921) and renamed it the Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). He gave the party the Swastika as a symbol and organised a personal army of storm troopers (the SA or Brownshirts) and a bodyguard of black shirted men, the SS, to attack opponents. He also discovered, and used, his powerful ability for public speaking.

 The Beer Hall Putsch: In November 1923 Hitler organised Bavarian nationalists under a figurehead of General Ludendorff into a coup (or 'putsch'). They declared their new government in a beer hall in Munich and then 3000 marched through the streets, but they were met by police, who opened fire, killing 16. Hitler was arrested and tried in 1924, but was sentenced to only five years in prison, a sentence often taken as a sign of tacit agreement with his views. Hitler served only nine months in prison, during which he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle), a book outlining his theories on race, Germany and Jews. It sold five million copies by 1939.  Adolf Hitler as Politician: After the Beer-Hall Putsch Hitler resolved to seek power through subverting the Weimar government system, and he carefully rebuilt the NSDAP, or Nazi, party, allying with future key figures like Goering and propaganda mastermind Goebbels. Over time he expanded the partys support, partly by exploiting fears of socialists and partly by appealing to everyone who felt their economic livelihood threatened by the depression of the 1930s, until he had the ears of big business, the press and the middle classes. Nazi votes jumped to 107 seats in the Reichstag in 1930.  Adolf Hitler as President and Fhrer: In 1932 Hitler acquired German citizenship and ran for president, coming second to von Hindenburg. Later that year the Nazi party acquired 230 seats in the Reichstag, making them the largest party in Germany. Helped by support from conservative politicians believing they could control Hitler, he was appointed Chancellor of Germany on January 30th 1933. Hitler moved with great speed to isolate and expel opponents from power, shutting trade unions, removing communists, conservatives and Jews.

Later that year Hitler perfectly exploited an act of arson on the Reichstag (which some believe the Nazis helped cause) to begin the creation of a totalitarian state, dominating the March 5th elections thanks to support from nationalist groups. Hitler soon took over the role of president when Hindenburg died and merged the role with that of Chancellor to become Fhrer (Leader) of Germany.  Adolf Hitler in Power: Hitler continued to move with speed in radically changing Germany, consolidating power, locking up enemies in camps, bending culture to his will, rebuilding the army and breaking the constraints of the Treaty of Versailles. He tried to change the social fabric of Germany by encouraging women to breed more and bringing in laws to secure racial purity; Jews were particularly targeted. Employment, high elsewhere in a time of depression, fell to zero in Germany. Hitler also made himself head of the army.  World War Two and the Failure of the Third Reich Hitler engineered territorial expansion, uniting with Austria in an anschluss, and dismembering Czechoslovakia. It was in September 1939, when German forces invaded Poland, that other nations took a stand, declaring war. This was not unappealing to Hitler who believed Germany should make itself great through war, and invasions in 1940 went well. However, arguably his fatal mistake occurred in 1941 with the invasion of Russia, through which he wished to create lebensraum, or living room. After initial success, German forces were pushed back by Russia, and defeats in Africa and West Europe followed as Germany was slowly beaten. During this time Hitler became gradually more paranoid and divorced from the world, retreating to a bunker. As armies approached Berlin from two directions, Hitler married his mistress, Eva Braun, and on April 30th 1945 killed himself.

 Adolf Hitler: Mentally Ill? In the decades since Hitlers death many commentators have concluded that he must have been mentally ill, and that if he wasnt when he started his rule the pressures of his failed wars must have driven him mad. Given that he ordered genocide and ranted and raved it is easy to see why people have come to this conclusion, but its important to state that there is no consensus among historians that he was insane, or what psychological problems he may have had.

MANAGEMENT LESSONS from HITLER


Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live. Managerial Lessons to be learned from the greatest tyrant of the world The leader of genius must have the ability to make different opponents appear as if they belonged to one category. Adolf Hitler may seem an evil and a terrifying man, but he was a man with a mission and vision. His passion, dependability, and confidence made Germany a powerful nation. One of Hitler quality that made him a well-known leader is his dependability. By having someone depend upon you makes you feel powerful or even generous. Confidence was a rare quality that led him rising to the power and popularity. Adolf Hitler would do anything to rise to the power and popularity, even by lying to bring his inner confidence to the power. 1. Discipline : Since Childhood Hitler had Discipline and regimentation under the watchful eyes of teachers at school and his strict father at home. There is anecdotal evidence that Adolf's father regularly beat him during his childhood, it was not unusual for discipline to be enforced in that way during that period. 2. Punctual and hard worker Hitler was one of the most punctual people Germany ever produced. He never used to be late or absent for any meeting. Also before any public presence Hitler used to practice his speech many times with his photographer to get best motivating snaps.

3. Vision : Hitler knew that the next level of war weapon will be of chemicals. He supported chemical warfare. Some reports says Hitler was first to have a nuclear weapon also. 4. Determination: He wanted to be the most powerful person in Germany and also wanted to make Germany as the most powerful country in the world. In spite of being in prison for more than one year Hitler didnt let his determination fade. After being released Hitler continued his movement indirectly, as he was prohibited to make any public summit. But after getting public support Hitler became chancellor of Germany and later the undisputed leader. 5. Strategic Planning Hitler followed through with his plan and repudiated the Treaty of Versailles. At first he tried to keep Germany's rearmament a secret but by 1935 he proudly displayed Germany's new army, navy and air force. European nations did nothing to enforce the treaty, leading Hitler to conclude that he could begin to create his vision of a new German nation. In1936 he reclaimed the Rhineland from France and in 1938 he annexed Austria to Germany. France and Great Britain agreed at a meeting in Munich to the annexation on the understanding that Hitler would make no more territorial demands. The Munich agreement only made Hitler more convinced that he could continue his expansion. Within months German troops had marched into German-populated areas of Czechoslovakia and in 1939 Hitler annexed all of that country. Britain and France finally reacted when Hitler's armies invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. War was declared, leading to the Second World War that would last until 1945. 6. Organizing : Hitler was discharged from the army in March 1920 and with his former superiors' continued encouragement began participating full time in the party's activities. By early 1921, Hitler was becoming highly effective at speaking in front of large crowds. In February, Hitler spoke before a crowd of nearly six

thousand in Munich. To publicize the meeting, he sent out two truckloads of party supporters to drive around with swastikas, cause a commotion and throw out leaflets, their first use of this tactic. Hitler gained notoriety outside of the party for his rowdy, polemic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians (including monarchists, nationalists and other non-internationalist socialists) and especially against Marxists and Jews. 7. People Management: Hitler was very famous among his people. He used to be in them and treated them as a family. He played with their children and enjoyed with them. This lead to his popularity, his people were ready to die for him 8. Problem Solver: He had an amazing power of concentration. His judgments are quick and decisive. He acts more like a big brother to his staff than as a Fuehrer and manages to endear himself to Hitler was able to penetrate complex problems and reduce them to a few simple, fundamental factors. He prides himself on this talent and has said to various people: I have the gift of reducing all problems to their simplest foundations ...A gift for tracing back all theories to their roots in reality." each and every one of them. But, underneath, he is every inch the Fuehrer. He displays extraordinary courage and determination. He shows a great deal of initiative and is willing to assume full responsibility for the wisdom of the course he has mapped out. 9. Overconfident Hitler was no doubt a man of caliber with excellent cleverness and management skills; still he lost due to his overconfidence. He attacked both England and Russia together without realizing environment condition of Russia which caused its lost to Russia and England both.

LEADERSHIP
SKILLS INNOVATES AN ORIGNAL (one of a kind.) DEVELOPS FOCUS ON PEOPLE LONG RANGE PERSPESTIVE EYES ON HORIZON CHALLENGES THE STATUS QUO OWN PERSON (The pioneer)

DHIRUBHAI
AMBANI

MAHATMA
GANDHI

ADOLF
HITLER The ruler. Disciplined, hard worker,organized and detrmined A zeil to gain more and more power. Used to be people and play with their children. Want to rule the entire world.

A new style of busi The salt -ness in India. maker. Public issue concept The unforgettable for compony dandi march, and satyagrahs. A ziel to work and Respect for yourself win on own terms. and your country Taken education and Lived for country and health care initiatives for its people. for people. Want to a local call Want a golden India cheaper then a back and freedom for postcard every one. Always goes with time and technology. Aspire high then capacity and got it. Made Indias biggest compony lmt. With one self. Gatherd people for satyagrahs ,bcoz no. has power. Non cocopertion move ment in british raj Taken the oath of free India without any force.

If we put them in MANAGERIAL GRID all of them emerge on 9,9 category i.e. TEAM LEADER/DEMOCRATIC MANAGER . THEY EARNS TRUST AND RESPECT FOR T HEM SELVES AS WELL AS THEIR DREAMS /TARGETS.