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Designacin

Dimetro
Pulg.

Dimetro
mm

3/8

9.53

0.71

1/2

12.70

5/8

rea cm2

rea en cm2 por cantidad de Barras

Peso
kg/m

10

11

12

13

14

15

0.56

0.71

1.42

2.14

2.85

3.56

4.27

4.99

5.70

6.41

7.12

7.83

8.55

9.26

9.97

10.68

1.27

0.99

1.27

2.53

3.80

5.06

6.33

7.60

8.86

10.13

11.40

12.66

13.93

15.19

16.46

17.73

18.99

15.88

1.98

1.55

1.98

3.96

5.93

7.91

9.89

11.87

13.85

15.83

17.80

19.78

21.76

23.74

25.72

27.70

29.67

3/4

19.05

2.85

2.24

2.85

5.70

8.55

11.40

14.24

17.09

19.94

22.79

25.64

28.49

31.34

34.19

37.03

39.88

42.73

7/8

22.23

3.88

3.04

3.88

7.76

11.63

15.51

19.39

23.27

27.14

31.02

34.90

38.78

42.65

46.53

50.41

54.29

58.16

25.40

5.06

3.98

5.06

10.13

15.19

20.26

25.32

30.39

35.45

40.52

45.58

50.65

55.71

60.77

65.84

70.90

75.97

11

1 3/8

35.81

10.07

7.90

10.07

20.13

30.20

40.27

50.33

60.40

70.47

80.53

90.60

100.66

110.73

120.80

130.86

140.93

151.00

Dimetro
Pulg.

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

70

80

90

100

3/8

10

11

12

14

15

18

21

24

27

1/2

10

11

12

14

17

19

22

25

5/8

10

11

13

15

18

20

23

10

10

12

14

16

19

21

10

11

13

15

17

20

r = 3 cm al estribo de 3/8"

Ancho b (cm)

3/4

7/8

10

12

14

16

18

1 3/8

10

12

13

15

Equivalencias

Litros

Pesos

ton/m3

rea de acero en (cm2) por S en cm

3/8"
metro de ancho de losa o
muro.
Se entra con el rea en cm2
7
10.17
y se obtiene la separacin
(S) en cm para diversos
8
8.90
dimetros.
9
7.91

1/2"

5/8"

3/4"

7/8"

18.09

28.26

40.70

55.39

72.35

1"

143.81

1 3/8"

15.83

24.73

35.61

48.47

63.31

125.83

14.07

21.98

31.65

43.08

56.27

111.85

1 Saco de Cemento

28.30

1.80

1 Saco de Cal

18.00

Arena

1.60

1 Lata

18.00

Cemento en Saco

1.20

10

7.12

12.66

19.78

28.49

38.78

50.65

100.66

1 Cuete

19.40

Concreto

2.40

11

6.47

11.51

17.98

25.90

35.25

46.04

91.51

1 Carretilla

54.00

Mortero de Cemento

2.25

12

5.93

10.55

16.49

23.74

32.31

42.20

83.89

1 Pala de Piedra

4.25

13

5.48

9.74

15.22

21.91

29.83

38.96

77.43

1 Pala de Arena

5.50

14

5.09

9.04

14.13

20.35

27.70

36.18

71.90

Atmsfera comn < 0,75

En el Litoral = 0,61

15

4.75

8.44

13.19

18.99

25.85

33.76

67.11

16

4.45

7.91

12.36

17.80

24.23

31.65

62.92

17

4.19

7.45

11.64

16.76

22.81

29.79

59.21

18

3.96

7.03

10.99

15.83

21.54

28.14

55.92

19

3.75

6.66

10.41

14.99

20.41

26.66

52.98

20

3.56

6.33

9.89

14.24

19.39

25.32

50.33

Resistencia fc

Cemento (sacos)

Arena (m3)

Piedra (m3)

Agua (m3)

7.00

0.46

0.91

0.14

21

3.39

6.03

9.42

13.57

18.46

24.12

47.94

7.00

0.44

0.91

0.16

22

3.24

5.76

8.99

12.95

17.63

23.02

45.76

7.50

0.45

0.90

0.16

23

3.10

5.50

8.60

12.39

16.86

22.02

43.77

7.75

0.44

0.88

0.16

24

2.97

5.28

8.24

11.87

16.16

21.10

41.94

8.50

0.44

0.89

0.18

25

2.85

5.06

7.91

11.40

15.51

20.26

40.27

9.00

0.44

0.88

0.19

30

2.37

4.22

6.59

9.50

12.93

16.88

33.55

9.50

1.00

65/80 litros

0.43

80/95 litros

0.88

25/30 litros

Concreto de 180 a 200 kg/cm2

1.00

12 palas

20 palas

1,5 cuete

DISTRIBUCIN DE REFUERZO POR

0.20

Tipo
Peso
(kg/m2)

rea
(m2)

Dimetro de los
Alambres por
sentido (mm)

rea de Acero
Separacin de los
Largo x Ancho del
(l-t)
(cm2
Peso del Rollo (kg)
Alambres
Rollo (m)
/ m)

Fy = 5000 kg / cm2

1.98

120

4,0.

100 x 100

1,26 / 1,26

45 / 2,65

238

Alargamiento de Rotura = 5%

1.33

120

4,0.

150 x 150

0,84 / 0,84

45 / 2,65

160

1.33

100

4,0.

150 x 150

0,84 /0,84

37,65 / 2,65

133

1.33

60

4,0.

150 x 150

0,84 / 0,84

22,5 / 2,65

80

0.97

100

3.43

150 x 150

0,62 / 0,62

40 / 2,50

98

0.97

50

3.43

150 x 150

0,62 / 0,62

20 / 2,50

49

ANALISIS DE CARGA LOSA NERVADA UNIDIRECCIONAL (Peso en kg/m2)

TECHOS

NIVEL

MATERIAL

Loseta
Nervios
Bloques de Arcilla
Impermeabilizacin
Mortero de Nivelacin
Friso Inferior

ESPESORES (cm)
25
30

125.00

125.00

125.00

75.00

100.00

125.00

70.00

90.00

110.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

115.00

115.00

115.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

420.00

465.00

510.00

Loseta

125.00

125.00

125.00

Nervios

75.00

100.00

125.00

Bloques de Arcilla

70.00

90.00

110.00

Tabiques

150.00

150.00

150.00

Mortero de Nivelacin

115.00

115.00

115.00

Friso Inferior

30.00

30.00

30.00

565.00

610.00

655.00

CARGA PERMANENTE

ENTREPISOS

20

CARGA PERMANENTE
Ver Norma COVENIN - MINDUR 2002-88

ANALISIS DE CARGA LOSA MACIZA UNIDIRECCIONAL (Peso en kg/m2)

ENTREPISO
S

TECHOS

NIVEL

MATERIAL

Peso Propio
Impermeabilizacin
Mortero de Nivelacin
Friso Inferior
CARGA PERMANENTE
Peso Propio
Tabiques
Mortero de Nivelacin
Friso Inferior
CARGA PERMANENTE

15

ESPESORES (cm)
20
25

375.00

500.00

5.00

5.00

625.00
5.00

115.00

115.00

115.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

525.00

650.00

775.00

375.00

500.00

625.00

150.00

150.00

150.00

115.00

115.00

115.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

670.00

795.00

920.00

(Peso en kg/m2)

ES (cm)
35
125.00
150.00
130.00
5.00
115.00
30.00
555.00
125.00
150.00
130.00
150.00
115.00
30.00
700.00

(Peso en kg/m2)

ES (cm)
30
750.00
5.00
115.00
30.00
900.00
750.00
150.00
115.00
30.00
1,045.00