Anda di halaman 1dari 3

# Rate of solution Lab

v4

p. 1

## Rate of solution formation

You may have studied different types of solutions and the solubility limits of these solutions. A separate question to ask is What factors affect how fast a solution forms? In other words, how fast will a solute dissolve in a solvent? These answers are not related to how much dissolves. In this lab we will investigate the three main factors that determine how fast a solid solute in crystal form will dissolve in a liquid solvent: The affect of the solute particle size (or surface area) The amount of agitation (mixing) during formation The temperature of the solvent For a given mass of material, as the size of the particles decreases, the amount of surface area always increases. Therefore, particle size and surface area are related variables. Agitation simply means shaking or mixing in this context. You will make qualitative conclusions on how these variables affect the rate of dissolving (is dissolving slower, faster, or the same) and explain them on a particle-level. Objectives: 1) To determine the effects of solute particle size (or surface area), agitation (mixing), and temperature on the rate of solution formation. 2) To explain these effects on a particle level. Materials: 7 test tubes and rack distilled water bottle hot, cold, and warm water mortar and pestle copper (II) sulfate pentahydrate (CuSO45H2O) ** SAFETY AND LAB TIPS - Goggles, gloves and aprons will be worn at all times - Copper sulfate is an irritant and should be washed off immediately if it spills - Be careful with the hot water - For each part of the experiment the test tubes must be agitated by flicking in a consistent manner (the same for every tube) to ensure good results. Work on your technique. Pre-lab (answer on a separate sheet) 1. What are the states of the solute and solvent that we will study in this lab? 2. List the three factors that affect the rate of solution formation for these states. 3. Prepare a data table for part I of this lab that will allow a reader to basically understand your work without reading the procedure. Use the numbers 1 to 4 to show where the data for tubes 1 to 4 will go . What are the independent and dependent variables being studied? 4. Prepare a data table for part II of this lab that will allow a reader to interpret your work without reading the procedure. What are the independent and dependent variables being studied? 5. For a given mass of material, what is the relationship between particle size and surface area? Procedure Part I: Effects of particle size / surface area and agitation (mixing). 1. Obtain 4 crystals of copper sulfate pentahydrate of approximately the same size (just estimate... do not mass them... it will not be possible to have them exactly the same). 2. Obtain 4 dry test tubes and place them in a rack. Put one crystal in test tube #1 and one crystal in test tube #2. These pieces are considered large particle size which is the same as small surface area.

forceps