Anda di halaman 1dari 2

Heart disease is a term that applies to a large number of medical conditions relating to the heart.

These medical conditions relate to the abnormal health conditions that directly affect the heart and all its components. There are several types heart disease that I want to introduce,which are Dilated Cardiomyopathy(DCM),Aortic Valve Stenosis(AS),Atrial Septal Defect(ASD)and Ischeamic Heart Disease(IHD). DCM is a condition in which our heart's main pumping chamber-Left Ventricle-becomes weakened and enlarged and cannot pump blood efficiently.It will affect the myocardium too . Aortic Valve Stenosis(AS) is a disease of the heart valves in which the opening of the aortic valve is narrowed.Aortic stenosis may be present either congenital or acquired. Atrial Septal Defect(ASD) is a form of congenital heart defect that enables blood flow between the left and right atria via the interatrial septum. Ischaemic Heart Disease(IHD) is a disease characterized by ischaemia (reduced blood supply) of the heart muscle, usually due to coronary artery disease. For this part,I will explain the causes,symptoms,diagnosis and treament of this diseases..... Besides that,I will also emphasize about cardiac surgery,such as Batista,Ross,David,Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery and Heart Transplantation. Cardiac surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. First,Batista procedure is an cardiac surgical procedure for reversing the effects of remodeling in cases of end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy refractory to conventional medical therapy.It involves removal of a portion of viable tissue from the left ventricle to reduce its size (partial left ventriculectomy), with or without repair or replacement of the mitral valve. Second,Ross procedure is a cardiac surgery operation where a diseased aortic

valve is replaced with the person's own pulmonary valve. Third,David procedure (Valve-sparing aortic root replacement ) is a cardiac procedure involving replacement of the aortic root without replacement of the aortic valve. Fourth,Coronary artery bypass surgery(CABG) is a surgical procedure performed to relieve angina and reduce the risk of death from coronary artery disease.Arteries or veins are grafted to the coronary arteries to bypass atherosclerotic narrowings and improve the blood supply to the coronary circulation. Last,Heart transplantation is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients with end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease. Based on this four cardiac surgery,we will talk more about the history,procedure,rate of success and failure of the surgery,treatment,contraindications,complication and others. Furthermore,I will introduce the cardiopulmonary bypass that include its components,operations and complications.