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Gopal Singh

Professor Julien

English 1

October 19, 2008

Annotated Analytical Bibliography

Kulm, Tracy L., and Sheran Cramer. "The Relationship of Student Employment to Student Role,

Family Relationships, Social Interactions and Persistence." College Student Journal v. 40 no. 4

(December 2006): 927-38.

This journal article examines relationships of the effect college student employment has on their

life. An on-line survey was given to about 500 college students. These students were between

the ages 19 to 24 years old. Article proves that students do not study as much as they should.

The research done showed that employed students had lower GPA's. Research showed that

increased time on campus resulted with student success, suggesting that it might be mostly due to

the students’ connections with faculties and colleagues.

Riggert, Steven C., Mike Boyle, and Joseph M. Petosko. "Student Employment and Higher

Education: Empiricism and Contradiction." Review of Educational Research v. 76 no. 1 (Spring

2006): 63-92.

This article analyzes that college student employment has been increasing for the last forty years.

Research shows that about 80 percent of all college students have a job while trying to complete

their undergraduate education. The article also analyzes the rising costs of tuition and also the

rising amount of income an individual receives. Article gives reasons for why research may be

inconsistent. Also suggest other researchers to examine other aspects of a college student’s life.
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Applegate, Craig, and Anne Daly. "The impact of paid work on the academic performance of

students: A case study from the University of Canberra." Australian Journal of Education v. 50

no. 2 (August 2006): 155-66.

Data used in this article is from a survey of students from University of Canberra. The survey

was given to students so the researchers could test the effects of paid employment on grades

obtained by students in their second semester compared to their previous semester. Study shows

that students that have done exceedingly well in school prior to entering into college tend to do

well in college. It is also written that missing classes has negative effect on a student’s grades.

However, paid employment does not play a major effect on grades. Results conducted by

researchers show that paid employment may improve grades slightly; bur a negative effect is

observed if students work over twenty-two hours per week.

Nonis, Sarath A., and Gail I. Hudson. "Academic Performance of College Students: Influence of

Time Spent Studying and Working." Journal of Education for Business V. 81 no. 3 (February

2006): 151-59.

Article begins with a statement saying that today’s college students are less prepared than

previous students. Once students enter college they spend less time studying and more time

working. In the study done by the authors, the effects of time spent studying and time spent

working on academic performances areexamined. The results of the research suggest that

motivation and study time have a great impact on a student’s academic performance.

Researchers also state that amount of time studying or at work has no direct influence with

academic performance. Suggestion for future research and implications are given by author.

Graphs and Tables are used to show points made in article.

Relationship of Work Hours With Selected Health Behaviors and Academic

Progress Among a College Student Cohort

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Miller, Kim; Danner, Fred; Staten, Ruth

Journal of American College Health v. 56 no. 6 (May/June 2008) p. 675-9

Approximately 57[percent] of college students work while attending school. Health risks related

to working while incollege have not been widely studied. Objective: The authors' purpose in this study

was to determine associations between hours worked, binge drinking, sleep habits, and academic

performance among a college student cohort. Participants and Methods: The authors randomly selected a

sample of 1,700 undergraduates from a southeastern US university and mailed to them a survey requesting

a variety of self-reported health behaviors and hours worked. A total of 903 completed questionnaires were

received, indicating a response rate of 57.3[percent]. Results: Binge drinking, less sleep, and lower

academic performance were significantly associated with working 20 or more hours per week. Those

variables were not associated with working fewer than 20 hours per week. Conclusions: Although

administrators and others in higher education are aware of the impact of economics on a school's ability to

operate, they may not be aware of the impact on students' health.

Marc Bousquet