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GLOBAL ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

4WPS-FLOW01 Flow Elements for General and Cryogenic Service


RESPONSIBLE GROUP: Process Controls Denotes Revision Table of Contents Section 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Title Purpose Scope Related Documents Definitions General Requirements for all Flow Elements Orifice Plates Orifice Flanges Classical Venturi Tubes Low-Loss Insertion Venturi Tubes Cryogenic Venturi Flow Tubes Solid Barstock Type Cryogenic Venturi Flow Tubes Fabricated Insert-Type Averaging Pitot Tubes Meter Tubes Page 2 2 2 3 3 5 6 7 9 11 15 25 26 Revision 3 9 September 2008 Page 1 of 26

Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7

Orifice Plate Classical Venturi Tube Typical Low Loss Insertion Venturi Flow Tube (Wafer Mounted between Flanges) Weld Prep for Venturi Flow Tube (Butt Welded into Piping System) Typical Solid Barstock Low Loss Venturi Flow Tube for Cryogenic Service (Non-Impact Design) Typical Fabricated Insert-Type Tube for Cryogenic Service (NonImpact Design) Typical Fabricated Insert-Type Tube for Cryogenic Service (Impact Design) Solid Barstock Low Loss Venturi Flow Tube for Cryogenic ServiceDimensional Requirements (mm) Solid Barstock Low Loss Venturi Flow Tube for Cryogenic ServiceDimensional Requirements (inches) Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (mm) Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (inches)

5 7 9 10 11 15 16

Table 1 Table 1A Table 2 Table 2A

12 13 18 21

Authorization for this document is on file in the GEO Standards Department. All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 2 of 26 1. 1.1 PURPOSE This global engineering specification identifies the minimum requirements for flow elements for general and cryogenic service and, when specified, shall become an integral part of the unit specification. SCOPE This engineering specification applies to differential-pressure-producing flow elements for general and cryogenic service. This specification does not apply to flow elements for Ultrahigh-purity applications. RELATED DOCUMENTS Air Products Engineering Documents 4WPI-SW70001 4WPI-SW70002 4WPI-SW70003 3.2 Standard Clean (Class SC) Inspection and Acceptance Requirements Process Clean (Class B) Inspection and Acceptance Requirements Oxygen Clean (Class AA) Inspection and Acceptance Requirements

2. 2.1

2.2 3. 3.1

American Gas Association (AGA) Report No. 3 Orifice Metering of Natural Gas and Other Hydrocarbon Fluids

3.3

American Society of Mechanical Engineers BPVC, Section VIII B16.11 B16.36 B31.3 Pressure Vessels Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded Orifice Flanges Process Piping

3.4

European Committee for Standardization (CEN) EN 10204 Metallic productsTypes of inspection documents

3.5

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) EN ISO 5167 Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in a circular cross-section conduits running full

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 3 of 26 4. 4.1 DEFINITIONS Unit specification refers to the document that is written to detail the specific requirements for a flow element. This is the document that is transmitted to the supplier for purchase. Separate specifications and documentation used to convey project-specific information are also considered requirements of the unit specification and will be transmitted to supplier as part of the purchase order documentation. Meter tube: In this document and according to normal Air Products terminology, a meter tube is defined as upstream and downstream piping provided by the flow element supplier to ensure compliance with the requirements of either AGA 3 or EN ISO 5167. Note: This definition differs from the definition of "meter tube" in AGA 3, which defines it as "the straight sections of pipe, including all segments that are integral to the flow element holder, upstream and downstream of the flow element" (see definition of meter run below). 4.3 Meter run is defined as the straight sections of pipe, including all segments that are integral to the flow element holder, upstream and downstream of the flow element. A meter run may be supplied (completely or in part) as a meter tube along with the flow element. Alternatively, the meter run may consist of normal pipe provided by the piping contractor. A meter run does not necessarily meet the tight tolerances required by AGA 3 or EN ISO 5167. Calibrated meter tube consists of a complete meter tube that has been calibrated on a test rig. The calibration compensates for errors associated with discharge coefficient uncertainties inherent in the flow element together with errors associated with any non-compliances of the meter tube with the tolerances required by AGA 3 or EN ISO 5167. The calibration shall be traceable to the appropriate industry standards and, for paymeters, shall meet the appropriate codes and standards for calibrating paymeters according to national and contract requirements. Flow element is the device that is responsible for generating a differential pressure for flow measurement purposes (e.g., orifice plate, nozzle, venturi tube). GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL FLOW ELEMENTS Materials of Construction Materials of construction shall be according to the unit specification. All materials considered as pressure-containing parts are subject to proof of material certification to CEN EN 10204, Type 3.1. The supplier shall retain copies of these documents for a ten-year time period for possible review by Air Products. Under no circumstances shall carbon steel components (including bolting) be provided when the flow element might be subjected to cryogenic temperatures under operating or design conditions. Compatibility and Application of Metals for Oxygen Service The requirement of copper and nickel alloys for use in oxygen service will be called out on the unit specification. This requirement applies to all wetted parts in oxygen service. A number of copper alloys (e.g., copper, Monel, tin bronze, red brass, and yellow brass) display exceptionally good oxygen compatibility characteristics. Their use is permitted at all velocities and pressures up to 100 bar g (1450 psig). Nickel alloys such as Inconel 600 and Inconel 625 also display good oxygen compatibility characteristics. Their use is permitted at all velocities and pressures up to 69 bar g (1000 psig).

4.2

4.4

4.5

5. 5.1 5.1.1 5.1.2

5.1.3

5.2 5.2.1

5.2.2

5.2.3

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 4 of 26 5.2.4 The maximum permitted aluminum content for an alloy to be classified as a copper alloy is 2.5%. For this specification aluminum bronze, which typically contains 5 to 13% aluminum, shall be treated as an aluminum alloy and will not be permitted for use in warm oxygen service. Manufacturing Standards/Tolerances: Flow elements and meter tubes shall be manufactured to comply with the dimensional and finish tolerances defined in the unit specification and any international standards referenced within the unit specification. Application of Piping Standards to Flow Elements Flow elements and meter tubes referenced for purchase under this specification will be components of a process piping system that will be designed and installed according to ASME B31.3 unless other local codes and standards take precedence. Welding, where applicable, shall be according to ASME, BPVC, Section VIII. Where applicable, heat treatment shall be according to the materials specification and grade(s) selected. X-ray examination of welds shall be: 5.4.5 For nontoxic, nonflammable service, radiography examination is not required. For toxic and flammable services, 100% radiography is required.

5.3

5.4 5.4.1

5.4.2 5.4.3 5.4.4

ASME requirements: When ASME-stamped approval is required for a specific project as per the unit specification, the supplier shall provide that meter stamped and in full compliance with ASME including all necessary certifications, and testing. When flow elements are designated for use in the European Economic Union, the supplier shall comply with all EEU directives and standards, providing CE-marked equipment where applicable, in accordance with the PED. Calculations: The supplier shall provide sizing calculations if requested to do so in the Vendor Documentation Requirements or on the unit specification. Inspection and Testing Inspection: Inspection of fabricated parts shall be according to ASME B31.3. Inspection will be performed out by Air Products according to Air Products Quality Plan. Testing: Pressure testing of fabricated parts shall be according to ASME B31.3. Cleaning: All items, specifically including meter runs, shall be cleaned according to the appropriate Air Products cleaning specification according to 4WPI-SW70001, 4WPI-SW70002, or 4WPI-SW70003 as defined on the Unit Specification. Packing: All items, specifically including meter runs, shall be packed to ensure freedom from corrosion or oxidation on delivery. Documentation: Submittal requirements will be specified by Air Products in the Vendor Document Requirements and Unit Specification. Material Certification: As a minimum the supplier shall keep on file material certifications and test certifications for all pressure-containing parts.

5.4.6

5.5 5.6 5.6.1 5.6.2 5.7

5.8

5.9 5.10

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 5 of 26 6. 6.1 ORIFICE PLATES Orifice plates shall be provided according to the requirements of either EN ISO 5167 or AGA 3, as defined in the unit specification. Figure 1 Orifice Plate

G Flow A D d

e
F E Note: D = Line Internal Diameter

6.2

Dimensional Checks: For each orifice plate, the supplier shall verify and record the following as Figure 1. A Overall plate diameter. The overall plate diameter must be checked against the flange size and rating. Note: For D & D/2 tappings, the flanges will be according to the pipe specification and are not subject to a minimum ASME Class 300 pressure rating. Orifice diameter Throat length Angle of bevel Upstream edge (shall be sharp) Plate thickness

d e F G E

Dimensions, tolerances, and finish shall satisfy the requirements of the appropriate international standard as defined in the unit specification. 6.3 Orifice Plate Marking: The following information shall be stamped on the upstream side of the tab or on the outside of the carrier as appropriate: Tag Number PO (Purchase Order) Number Upstream side or flow direction Orifice diameter Material of construction International standard (EN ISO 5167 or AGA 3)

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 6 of 26 6.4 The following relaxation is permitted to the requirements of EN ISO 5167 unless otherwise specified in the unit specification: Dimension e in Figure 1 (orifice plates) shall not be less than 1 mm. This permits a deviation from the EN ISO 5167 requirement that 0.005D < e < 0.02D for line sizes < DN50 (NPS 2) to improve the wear characteristics of the plate.

7. 7.1

ORIFICE FLANGES Orifice flanges shall be provided according to ASME B16.36 unless otherwise stated in the unit specification. Orifice flanges shall be provided with weld neck flanges unless otherwise specified in the unit specification. Orifice flanges shall be provided complete with jacking bolts, studs, nuts, washers, and gaskets. Studs, nuts, washers, and gaskets shall be provided according to the unit specification. Unless otherwise specified, each orifice flange shall be provided with two 1/2" NPT threaded pressure taps at 180 degrees. Each pressure tap hole shall be fitted with a pipe plug. Where the unit specification specifies socket weld pressure taps, each flange shall be provided with only one pressure tap. Socket weld size shall be DN15 (NPS 1/2) unless otherwise specified. Orifice flanges shall be flange tapped or corner tapped as defined in the unit specification. The supplier shall ensure that the taps are located appropriately for the specified gasket compressed thickness. Orifice flange internal diameter shall match the upstream pipework internal diameter (D) specified in the unit specification.

7.2 7.3

7.4 7.5

7.6 7.7

7.8

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 7 of 26 8. 8.1 CLASSICAL VENTURI TUBES Classical Venturi Tubes shall be provided according to the requirements of EN ISO 5167. Figure 2 Classical Venturi Tube

Entrance Cylinder Conical Convergent Cylindrical Throat R2 R3

Conical Divergent

7o to 15o 7o to 15o

21o + 1o

R1

FLOW

b a d

Connecting Planes
8.2 Dimensional Checks: For each venturi tube, the supplier shall verify and record the following as Figure 2: a b D d d R1 R2 R3 , Distance from first tapping points to start of convergent section Distance from the beginning of the throat to the second tapping points Entrance cylinder diameter Cylinder throat diameter (6 diameters at 30 degree intervals) Length of cylindrical throat Entrance cylinder/convergent section curvature of radius Convergent section/throat curvature of radius Throat/divergent section curvature of radius Included angle of convergent and divergent sections respectively

Dimensions, tolerances and finish shall be according to EN ISO 5167. Radii of curvature shall be according to EN ISO 5167.

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 8 of 26 8.3 Venturi Tube Marking: The following information shall be stamped on the outside of the venturi tube: 8.4 8.4.1 Tag Number PO (Purchase Order) Number Upstream side or flow direction Throat diameter and temperature of measurement Material of construction International Standard: EN ISO 5167 Material/heat numbers traceable to ASTM and "Circuit Design Pressure"

Venturi Tube Method of Construction The method of construction according to EN ISO 5167 will normally be defined in the unit specification to be one of the following: "As cast" convergent section Machined convergent section Fabricated convergent section

8.4.2

Unless otherwise specified, classical venturi tubes shall be provided with four sets of 1/2" NPT threaded pressure tappings as described in EN ISO 5167.

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 9 of 26 9. 9.1 LOW-LOSS INSERTION VENTURI TUBES Low Loss Insertion Venturi Flow Tubes shall be provided according to the unit specification and according to the requirements of this specification. Figure 3 Typical Low Loss Insertion Venturi Flow Tube (Wafer Mounted between Flanges)

PROCESS PIPE

HOLDING FLANGE INLET CONE OUTLET CONE THROAT THROAT DIAMETER FLOW

9.2

Dimensional Checks: For each insertion venturi tube, the supplier shall verify and record the following as Figure 3: Cylinder throat diameter (6 diameters at 30 degree intervals) For elements mounted between flanges, dimensions for correct wafer mounting between the flange types specified in the unit specification Other dimensions, tolerances, and finish to satisfy the design requirements of the device. Other design details (e.g., impact or non-impact upstream tapping design). For welded-in elements, weld preparation dimensions (illustrated in Figure 4). The weld prep requires a minimum 5 mm (3/16 in) "land" to provide sufficient guidance for the upstream and downstream piping so that concentric alignment of the flow tube is achieved without the need for backer rings. Note: An impact design is as shown in Figure 3. A non-impact design has the upstream tapping fitted directly into the pipe upstream of the flow element.

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 10 of 26 Figure 4 Weld Prep for Venturi Flow Tube (Butt Welded into Piping System)
PROCESS PIPE E

PROCESS PIPE

1 1/4 " PIPE WALL THICKNESS

3/16 "

3/16 "

HOLDING BLOCK

PIPE WALL THICKNESS SENSING TAP

BEVEL AND CENTERING LAND

*
9.3

- BEVEL "E" DIMENSIONS AND HOLDING BLOCK THICKNESS "L" ARE DEPENDENT ON PIPE SIZE/SCHEDULE

Insertion Venturi Tube Marking: The following information shall be stamped on a nameplate affixed to the holding block by a stainless steel cable: Tag Number PO (Purchase Order) Number Upstream side or flow direction Throat diameter and temperature of measurement Pipe ID Material of construction High and low pressure tapping points Material/heat numbers traceable to ASTM and "Circuit Design Pressure"

9.3.1

Flow arrow directional ">" marks shall be stamped in at least four places around the centerline of the circumference of the holding block. This will alleviate the problem of obliterating the flow arrows when welding the process pipe to the holding block and make a flow arrow visible from any angle. The tap designations (H or L) shall be cold stamped in at least three places around the circumference of the tap extension nipples such that they will not be affected by the customer's welding of an extension coupling and in order to make the designations visible from any angle.

9.3.2

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 11 of 26 10. 10.1 CRYOGENIC VENTURI FLOW TUBES SOLID BARSTOCK TYPE Solid Barstock Tubes shall be provided according to the unit specification and according to the requirements of this specification. Figure 5 Typical Solid Barstock Low Loss Venturi Flow Tube for Cryogenic Service (Non-Impact Design)
HIGH PRESSURE TAP. 1/2 " SCH 40 PLAIN END (STAMPED "H", 3 PLACES) LOCATION OF PRESSURE TAP STAMPINGS
H

90 o

LOW PRESSURE TAP. 1/2 " SCH 40 PLAIN END (STAMPED "L", 3 PLACES)

NAMEPLATE H

3.00 (2X)

1.50

0o

180 o

ID

FLOW

ID

SB OD (2X)

L 270 o

SD (2X)

10.2

Dimensional Checks: For each venturi flow tube, the supplier shall verify and record the following as Figure 5: Cylinder throat diameter (6 diameters at 30 degree intervals) For welded-in elements, weld preparation dimensions (illustrated in Figure 5). Other dimensions, tolerances, and finish to satisfy the design requirements of the device. Dimensions are defined in Tables 1 and 1A below:

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 12 of 26 Table 1 Solid Barstock Low Loss Venturi Flow Tube for Cryogenic Service Dimensional Requirements (mm)

Table of Dimensions (mm) Normal Pipe Size Pipe Wall Schedule 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS ID Pipe ID 30.10 27.86 26.64 24.31 20.7 15.21 44.96 42.72 40.89 38.10 33.99 27.94 57.02 54.79 52.5 49.25 42.90 38.18 68.81 66.93 62.71 59 53.98 44.98 OD 47.63 47.63 47.63 47.63 50.8 57.15 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5 69.85 76.20 76.20 76.20 76.20 76.20 85.73 92.08 92.08 92.08 92.08 92.08 107.95 114.30 T Throat Diam. A B SB(3) Socket Bore SD(3) Socket Depth L

25

(1)

26.64

(2)

33.78/ 34.29

12.7

157.48

40

(1)

40.89

(2)

48.64/ 49.15

12.7

203.96

50

(1)

53.01

(2)

61.11/ 61.62

15.75

228.6

65

(1)

62.71

(2)

73.86/ 74.45

15.75

259.08

Notes: (1) As specified for Beta Ratio (2) Variable, based on throat diameter, 51mm minimum. (3) Socket-weld dimension per ASME B16.11

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 13 of 26 Table 1A Solid Barstock Low Loss Venturi Flow Tube for Cryogenic Service Dimensional Requirements (inches) Table of Dimensions (inches) Normal Pipe Size Pipe Wall Schedule 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40/STD 80 160 XXS ID Pipe ID 1.185 1.097 1.049 .957 .815 .599 1.770 1.682 1.610 1.500 1.338 1.100 2.245 2.157 2.067 1.939 1.689 1.503 2.709 2.635 2.469 2.323 2.125 1.771 OD 1.875 1.875 1.875 1.875 2.000 2.250 2.500 2.500 2.500 2.500 2.750 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.000 3.375 3.625 3.625 3.625 3.625 3.625 4.250 4.500 T Throat Diam. A B SB(3) Socket Bore SD(3) Socket Depth L

1"

(1)

1.049

(2)

1.330/ 1.350

.50

6.20

1 1/2"

(1)

1.610

(2)

1.915/ 1.935

.50

8.03

2"

(1)

2.087

(2)

2.406/ 2.426

.62

9.00

2 1/2"

(1)

2.469

(2)

2.908/ 2.931

.62

10.20

Notes: (1) As specified for Beta Ratio (2) Variable, based on throat diameter, 2" minimum (3) Socket-weld dimension per ASME B16.11

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 14 of 26 10.3 Barstock Venturi Tube Marking: The following information shall be stamped on the outside of the Venturi Tube: Tag Number PO (Purchase Order) Number Upstream side or flow direction Throat diameter and temperature of measurement Pipe ID Material of construction High and low pressure tapping points Material/heat numbers traceable to ASTM and "Circuit Design Pressure"

10.3.1 The tap designations (H or L) shall be cold stamped in at least three places around the circumference of the tap extension nipples such that they will not be affected by the customer's welding of an extension coupling and in order to make the designations visible from any angle.

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 15 of 26 11. 11.1 CRYOGENIC VENTURI FLOW TUBES FABRICATED INSERT-TYPE Fabricated Insert-Type Tubes shall be provided according to the unit specification and according to the requirements of this specification. Figure 6 Typical Fabricated Insert-Type Tube for Cryogenic Service (Non-Impact Design)
"L" COLD STAMPED AT 3 LOCATIONS HIGH PRESSURE TAP (INSTALLED BY PIPING FABRICATOR) 1 NOMINAL PIPE DIAMETER L LOW PRESSURE TAP 1/2 " NPS SOCKET WELD WITH EXTENSION NIPPLE BEVELED PER ASME B16.25 FOR BUTT WELD INTO PROCESS PIPE COMPLETE WITH LAND. SEE FIGURE 4 EXISTING PROCESS LINE PIPE

THROAT DIAMETER AS SPECIFIED FOR REQUIRED BETA RATIO

FLOW

LINE I.D.

ST. STEEL CABLE NAMEPLATE VENT/DRAIN HOLE 4 FLOW ARROWS REQ'D. 0o L 270o L 90o

180o

VENT/DRAIN HOLE FABRICATED METER SHOWING L TAP DESIGNATIONS, FLOW ARROWS, AND VENT/DRAIN HOLE ORIENTATION.

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 16 of 26 Figure 7 Typical Fabricated Insert-Type Tube for Cryogenic Service (Impact Design)

LINE I.D. EXISTING PROCESS LINE PIPE

FLOW LOW PRESSURE TAP NPS 1/2" SOCKET WELD WITH EXTENSION NIPPLE "L" COLD STAMPED AT 3 LOCATIONS L BEVELED PER ASME B16.25 FOR BUTT WELD INTO PROCESS PIPE COMPLETE WITH LAND. SEE FIGURE 4 3" H NAMEPLATE ST. STEEL CABLE HIGH PRESSURE TAP NPS 1/2" SOCKET WELD WITH EXTENSION NIPPLE "H" COLD STAMPED AT 3 LOCATIONS

THROAT DIAMETER AS SPECIFIED FOR REQUIRED BETA RATIO VENT/DRAIN HOLE 4 FLOW ARROWS REQ'D. 0o L 270o L H 90o H FABRICATED METER SHOWING H & L TAP DESIGNATIONS, FLOW ARROWS, AND VENT/DRAIN HOLE ORIENTATION.

180o

VENT/DRAIN HOLE

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 17 of 26 11.2 Dimensional Checks: For each venturi flow tube, the supplier shall verify and record the following as Figures 6 and 7: Cylinder throat diameter (6 diameters at 30 degree intervals). Weld preparation dimensions (illustrated in Figure 4). The weld preparation requires a minimum 5 mm (3/16 in) "land" to provide sufficient guidance for the upstream and downstream piping so that concentric alignment of the flow tube is achieved without the need for backer rings. Other dimensions, tolerances, and finish to satisfy the design requirements of the device. Dimensions are defined in Tables 2 and 2A below:

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 18 of 26 Table 2 Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (mm) Line Size (mm) 80 Wall Thickness (mm) 2.11 3.05 5.49 7.62 11.13 15.24 2.11 3.05 6.02 8.56 11.13 13.49 17.12 2.77 3.4 7.11 10.97 14.27 18.26 21.95 2.77 3.76 6.35 7.04 8.18 10.31 12.7 15.09 18.26 20.62 22.23 23.01 3.4 4.19 6.35 7.8 9.27 12.7 15.09 18.26 21.44 25.4 28.58 Bevel (mm) 0.41 2.34 4.22 5.84 8.53 11.68 1.63 2.34 4.62 6.58 8.53 10.34 13.13 2.13 2.62 5.46 8.41 10.95 14.02 16.84 2.13 2.9 4.88 5.41 6.27 7.92 9.75 11.58 14.02 15.82 17.04 17.65 2.62 3.23 4.88 5.99 7.11 9.75 11.58 14.02 16.46 19.48 21.92 Dim "E" (mm) 35.74 39.6 43.33 46.61 51.99 58.32 38.15 39.6 44.17 48.06 51.99 55.63 61.19 39.17 40.16 45.85 51.77 56.82 62.94 68.61 39.17 40.69 44.68 45.72 47.47 50.75 54.41 58.09 62.94 66.57 69.04 70.23 40.16 41.35 44.68 46.89 49.15 54.41 58.09 62.94 67.82 73.91 78.77 Dim "L" (mm) 42.16 49.02 52.83 56.13 61.47 67.82 47.75 49.02 53.59 57.66 61.47 65.02 70.61 48.77 49.78 55.37 61.21 66.29 72.39 78.23 48.77 50.29 54.1 55.37 56.9 60.2 64.01 67.56 72.39 76.2 78.49 79.76 49.78 50.8 54.1 56.39 58.67 64.01 67.56 72.39 77.47 83.31 88.39

Schedule 5S 10S 40 (Std.) 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40 (Std.) 80 120 160 XXS 5S 10S 40 (Std.) 80 120 160 XXS 5S 10S 20 30 40 (Std.) 60 80 (XS) 100 120 140 XXS 160 5S 10S 20 30 40 (Std.) 60 (XS) 80 100 120 140 160

100

150

200

250

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 19 of 26 Table 2 (continued) Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (mm) Line Size (mm) 300 Wall Thickness (mm) 3.96 4.57 6.35 8.38 9.53 10.31 12.7 14.27 17.48 21.44 25.4 28.58 33.32 3.96 4.78 6.35 7.92 9.53 11.13 12.7 15.09 19.05 23.83 27.79 31.75 35.71 4.19 4.78 6.35 7.92 9.53 12.7 16.66 21.44 26.19 30.96 36.53 40.49 4.19 4.78 6.35 7.92 9.53 Bevel (mm) 3.05 3.51 4.88 6.43 7.32 7.92 9.75 10.95 13.41 16.46 19.48 21.92 25.58 3.05 3.66 4.88 6.07 7.32 8.53 9.75 11.58 14.61 18.29 21.31 24.36 27.41 3.23 3.66 4.88 6.07 7.32 9.75 12.78 16.46 20.09 23.75 28.02 31.06 3.23 3.66 4.88 6.07 7.32 Dim "E" (mm) 41 41.94 44.68 47.78 49.53 50.75 54.41 56.82 61.75 67.82 73.91 78.77 86.06 41 42.27 44.68 47.09 49.53 51.99 54.41 58.09 64.16 71.5 77.57 83.64 89.74 41.35 42.27 44.68 47.09 49.53 54.41 60.5 67.82 75.11 82.45 90.98 97.05 41.35 42.27 44.68 47.09 49.53 Dim "L" (mm) 50.55 51.56 54.1 57.4 59.18 60.2 64.01 66.29 71.37 77.47 83.31 88.39 95.5 50.55 51.82 54.1 56.64 59.18 61.47 64.01 67.56 73.66 81.03 87.12 93.22 99.31 50.8 51.82 54.1 56.64 59.18 64.01 70.1 77.47 84.58 91.95 100.58 106.68 50.8 51.82 54.1 56.64 59.18

Schedule 5S 10S 20 30 STD. 40 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 30 (Std.) 40 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 30 (Std.) 40 (XS) 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 STD.

350

400

450

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Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 20 of 26 Table 2 (continued) Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (mm) Line Size (mm) Wall Thickness (mm) 11.13 12.7 14.27 19.05 23.83 29.36 34.93 39.67 45.24 4.78 5.54 6.35 9.53 12.7 15.09 20.62 26.19 32.54 38.1 44.45 50.01 5.54 6.35 9.53 12.7 14.27 17.48 24.61 30.96 38.89 46.02 52.37 59.54 Bevel (mm) 8.53 9.75 10.95 14.61 18.29 22.53 26.8 30.45 34.72 3.66 4.24 4.88 7.32 9.75 11.58 15.82 20.09 24.97 29.24 34.11 38.38 4.24 4.88 7.32 9.75 10.95 13.41 18.9 23.75 29.85 35.31 40.18 45.69 Dim "E" (mm) 51.99 54.41 56.82 64.16 71.5 79.98 88.52 95.81 104.34 42.27 43.43 44.68 49.53 54.41 58.09 66.57 75.11 84.86 93.4 103.15 111.68 43.43 44.68 49.53 54.41 56.82 61.75 72.69 82.45 94.62 105.56 115.29 126.29 Dim "L" (mm) 61.47 64.01 66.29 73.66 81.03 89.41 98.04 105.41 113.79 51.82 52.83 54.1 59.18 64.01 67.56 76.2 84.58 94.49 102.87 112.78 121.16 52.83 54.1 59.18 64.01 66.29 71.37 82.3 91.95 104.14 115.06 124.71 135.89

Schedule 30 XS 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 (Std.) 30 (XS) 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10 20 (Std.) XS 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160

500

600

Above 600 mm, consult manufacturer

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Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 21 of 26 Table 2A Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (inches) Line Size (inches) 3 Wall Thickness Bevel (inches) (inches) 0.083 0.120 0.216 0.300 0.438 0.600 0.083 0.120 0.237 0.337 0.438 0.531 0.674 0.109 0.134 0.280 0.432 0.562 0.719 0.864 0.109 0.148 0.250 0.277 0.322 0.406 0.500 0.594 0.719 0.812 0.875 0.906 0.134 0.165 0.250 0.307 0.365 0.500 0.594 0.719 0.844 1.000 1.125 0.016 0.092 0.166 0.230 0.336 0.460 0.064 0.092 0.182 0.259 0.336 0.407 0.517 0.084 0.103 0.215 0.331 0.431 0.552 0.663 0.084 0.114 0.192 0.213 0.247 0.312 0.384 0.456 0.552 0.623 0.671 0.695 0.103 0.127 0.192 0.236 0.280 0.384 0.456 0.552 0.648 0.767 0.863 Dim "E" (inches) 1.407 1.559 1.706 1.835 2.047 2.296 1.502 1.559 1.739 1.892 2.047 2.190 2.409 1.542 1.581 1.805 2.038 2.237 2.478 2.701 1.542 1.602 1.759 1.800 1.869 1.998 2.142 2.287 2.478 2.621 2.718 2.765 1.581 1.628 1.759 1.846 1.935 2.142 2.287 2.478 2.670 2.910 3.101 Dim "L" (inches) 1.66 1.93 2.08 2.21 2.42 2.67 1.88 1.93 2.11 2.27 2.42 2.56 2.78 1.92 1.96 2.18 2.41 2.61 2.85 3.08 1.92 1.98 2.13 2.18 2.24 2.37 2.52 2.66 2.85 3.00 3.09 3.14 1.96 2.00 2.13 2.22 2.31 2.52 2.66 2.85 3.05 3.28 3.48

Schedule 5S 10S 40 (Std.) 80 160 XXS 5S 10S 40 (Std.) 80 120 160 XXS 5S 10S 40 (Std.) 80 120 160 XXS 5S 10S 20 30 40 (Std.) 60 80 (XS) 100 120 140 XXS 160 5S 10S 20 30 40 (Std.) 60 (XS) 80 100 120 140 160

10

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4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 22 of 26 Table 2A (continued) Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (inches) Line Size (inches) 12 Wall Thickness Bevel (inches) (inches) 0.156 0.180 0.250 0.330 0.375 0.406 0.500 0.562 0.688 0.844 1.000 1.125 1.312 0.156 0.188 0.250 0.312 0.375 0.438 0.500 0.594 0.750 0.938 1.094 1.250 1.406 0.165 0.188 0.250 0.312 0.375 0.500 0.656 0.844 1.031 1.219 1.438 1.594 0.165 0.188 0.250 0.312 0.375 0.120 0.138 0.192 0.253 0.288 0.312 0.384 0.431 0.528 0.648 0.767 0.863 1.007 0.120 0.144 0.192 0.239 0.288 0.336 0.384 0.456 0.575 0.720 0.839 0.959 1.079 0.127 0.144 0.192 0.239 0.288 0.384 0.503 0.648 0.791 0.935 1.103 1.223 0.127 0.144 0.192 0.239 0.288 Dim "E" (inches) 1.614 1.651 1.759 1.881 1.950 1.998 2.142 2.237 2.431 2.670 2.910 3.101 3.388 1.614 1.664 1.759 1.854 1.950 2.047 2.142 2.287 2.526 2.815 3.054 3.293 3.533 1.628 1.664 1.759 1.854 1.950 2.142 2.382 2.670 2.957 3.246 3.582 3.821 1.628 1.664 1.759 1.854 1.950 Dim "L" (inches) 1.99 2.03 2.13 2.26 2.33 2.37 2.52 2.61 2.81 3.05 3.28 3.48 3.76 1.99 2.04 2.13 2.23 2.33 2.42 2.52 2.66 2.90 3.19 3.43 3.67 3.91 2.00 2.04 2.13 2.23 2.33 2.52 2.76 3.05 3.33 3.62 3.96 4.20 2.00 2.04 2.13 2.23 2.33

Schedule 5S 10S 20 30 STD. 40 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 30 (Std.) 40 XS 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 30 (Std.) 40 (XS) 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 STD.

14

16

18

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4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 23 of 26 Table 2A (continued) Fabricated Meter Holding-Block Dimensions per Line Size and Schedule (inches) Line Size (inches) Wall Thickness (inches) 0.438 0.500 0.562 0.750 0.938 1.156 1.375 1.562 1.781 0.188 0.218 0.250 0.375 0.500 0.594 0.812 1.031 1.281 1.500 1.750 1.969 0.218 0.250 0.375 0.500 0.562 0.688 0.969 1.219 1.531 1.812 2.062 2.344 Bevel (inches) 0.336 0.384 0.431 0.575 0.720 0.887 1.055 1.199 1.367 0.144 0.167 0.192 0.288 0.384 0.456 0.623 0.791 0.983 1.151 1.343 1.511 0.167 0.192 0.288 0.384 0.431 0.528 0.744 0.935 1.175 1.390 1.582 1.799 Dim "E" (inches) 2.047 2.142 2.237 2.526 2.815 3.149 3.485 3.772 4.108 1.664 1.710 1.759 1.950 2.142 2.287 2.621 2.957 3.341 3.677 4.061 4.397 1.710 1.759 1.950 2.142 2.237 2.431 2.862 3.246 3.725 4.156 4.539 4.972 Dim "L" (inches) 2.42 2.52 2.61 2.90 3.19 3.52 3.86 4.15 4.48 2.04 2.08 2.13 2.33 2.52 2.66 3.00 3.33 3.72 4.05 4.44 4.77 2.08 2.13 2.33 2.52 2.61 2.81 3.24 3.62 4.10 4.53 4.91 5.35

Schedule 30 XS 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10S 10 20 (Std.) 30 (XS) 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 5S 10 20 (Std.) XS 30 40 60 80 100 120 140 160

20

24

Above 24", consult manufacturer

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4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 24 of 26 11.3 Insertion Venturi Tube Marking: The following information shall be stamped on a nameplate affixed to the holding block by a stainless steel cable: Tag Number PO (Purchase Order) Number Flow direction arrows Throat diameter and temperature of measurement Pipe ID Material of construction High and low pressure tapping points Material/heat numbers traceable to ASTM and "Circuit Design Pressure"

11.3.1 Flow arrow directional > marks shall be stamped in at least four places around the centerline of the circumference of the holding block. This will alleviate the problem of obliterating the flow arrows when welding the process pipe to the holding block and make a flow arrow visible from any angle. 11.3.2 The tap designations (H or L) shall be cold stamped in at least three places around the circumference of the tap extension nipples such that they will not be affected by the customer's welding of an extension coupling and in order to make the designations visible from any angle.

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Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 25 of 26 12. 12.1 AVERAGING PITOT TUBES Ancillary Equipment: Averaging pitot tubes shall be provided complete with all necessary components for installation in a process line by others. Equipment shall include the following: 12.2 Mounting kit necessary to mount, seal, and support the tube in the process line. Opposite wall support (if required for the combination of tube and process conditions, to be determined by the supplier). Isolation valves.

Design Conditions: The averaging pitot tube, together with all direct-mounted ancillary equipment (including valves) shall be suitable for the full range of design conditions specified on the unit specification. Averaging Pitot Tube Options: The following optional/additional requirements are required only when specified in the unit specification:

12.3

12.3.1 High Performance Averaging Pitot Tube is a tube with the following design features: Averaging of both high and low pressure measurements by multi-pressure ports. Increased accuracy beyond that offered by a simple circular cross sectional averaging pitot tube. Empirical test data from independent laboratories shall be available to support claims of increased accuracy.

12.3.2 Flanged Model: A flanged averaging pitot, together with flanged mounting kit. 12.3.3 Integral Temperature Element: A temperature element installed inside the averaging pitot tube to enable temperature compensation of gas flow without needing a separate tapping point. 12.3.4 Integral Manifold Head for Direct Transmitter Mounting permits the direct flange mounting of a differential pressure transmitter (e.g., with 54 mm centers).

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Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008

4WPS-FLOW01, Rev. 3, Page 26 of 26 13. 13.1 13.2 13.3 METER TUBES Meter tubes shall be provided only when requested in the unit specification. Meter tubes shall be provided according to the dimensional and finish requirements of either AGA 3 or EN ISO 5167, as defined in the unit specification. Normally, upstream and downstream meter tube lengths will be specified in the unit specification. When the unit specification does not advise straight lengths, the following default lengths shall be provided: International Standard AGA 3 EN ISO 5167 Upstream Length 24 Diameters 10 Diameters Downstream Lengths 5 Diameters 4 Diameters

13.4

The pipe schedule of the meter tube shall be as defined in the unit specification. To comply with the requirements of AGA 3/EN ISO 5167, acceptable manufacturing practices include: To hone thicker wall piping until it complies with the internal dimensional and finish requirements of the specified pipe schedule. To select material that complies with the internal dimensional and finish requirements of the specified pipe schedule, rejecting material that does not comply.

13.5

Temperature element tapping points will not be required in the meter tube. They will be mounted elsewhere. Calibrated Meter Tubes

13.6

13.6.1 Meter tubes shall be calibrated only when requested in the unit specification. 13.6.2 When a calibrated meter tube is specified, the complete assembly of flow element and meter tube shall be calibrated on a test rig. The calibration compensates for errors associated with discharge coefficient uncertainties inherent in the flow element calculation, together with errors associated with any dimensional imperfections of the meter tube and flow element within the tolerances required by AGA 3 or EN ISO 5167. 13.6.3 The calibration shall be traceable to the appropriate industry standards. When the flow element and meter tube is described in the unit specification as a "paymeter," the calibration shall be according to the appropriate codes and standards for calibrating paymeters according to national and contract requirements. 13.6.4 When the calibration is permitted to be performed using a calibration fluid that is different to the intended process fluid, the calibration, associated calculations, and calibration certificate shall take into account the effects associated with using a different fluid and/or different operating conditions. 13.6.5 The calibration shall result in a total uncertainty of better than 1% of the discharge coefficient over the specified range of operating conditions unless a higher accuracy is specified in the unit specification.

All information herein is the confidential property of Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., unless another source is shown. This information is subject to return on demand and must not be disclosed or reproduced without prior written consent.
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 2008