Anda di halaman 1dari 41

KS...

w series substations
Transformer substations in concrete enclosures operated from the inside

1000 kVA

630 kVA

800 kVA

ABB

Table of contents
Subject of the paper ...................................................................................................................... 4 Application of the substation........................................................................................................ 4 Technical specifications ............................................................................................................... 4 3.1. Substation building................................................................................................................ 5 3.1.1. KS 22-30w substation building specifications: ................................................................ 6 3.1.2. KS 25-36w substation building specifications: ................................................................ 6 3.1.3 Building supplementary data: ........................................................................................... 7 3.2. Equipment arrangement......................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Substation technical specifications........................................................................................ 8 3.3.1. Standards: ......................................................................................................................... 9 3.4. Medium-voltage switchgears................................................................................................. 9 3.5. Low-voltage switchboards .................................................................................................... 9 3.6. Transformers.......................................................................................................................... 9 3.7. Medium-voltage and low-voltage cable connections .......................................................... 19 3.8. Substation earthing ............................................................................................................. 10 4. Substation assembly and foundation ......................................................................................... 10 4.1. Substation foundation trench and installation of the substation.......................................... 11 5. Environmental protection ........................................................................................................... 11 6. Warranty ..................................................................................................................................... 11 7. Documentation acceptance ......................................................................................................... 12 8. Ordering a substation.................................................................................................................. 12 9. Substation transportation and hand-over .................................................................................... 12 10. KS 22-30 w substation - standard ..........................................................................................25-26 11. KS 25-36 w substation - standard............................. ..............................................................27-28 12. KS 25-36 w substation - with medium-voltage side measurement.........................................29-30 13. 2 KS 22-30 w substation - separate medium-voltage and low-voltage compartments...........31-32 14. 2 KS 25-36 w substation - two-transformer substation ............................... ...........................33-34 15. 2 KS 25-36 w substation - separate medium-voltage and low-voltage (power distribution company and clients) compartments .............................................................................. ............ 35 1. 2. 3.

List of figures (appendices)


Fig. 01. Fig. 02. Fig. 03. Fig. 04. Fig. 05. Fig. 06. Fig. 07. Exterior style. KS 22-30 w equipment placement KS 22-30 w equipment placement KS 25-36 w equipment placement KS 25-36 w equipment placement Cable bushings KS...w joinery

1. Subject of the paper


The subject of the paper are transformer substations operated from the inside, housed in reinforced concrete enclosures: KS 22-30 w substation KS 25-36 w substation 2 KS 22-30 w substation 2 KS 25-36 w substation .............................. .............................. ...................e.g..: with transformer of up to 630 kVA with transformer of up to 630 kVA separated medium-voltage and low-voltage compartments with transformer of up to 800 kVA ...................e.g.: two-transformer substation with transformer of up to 1000 kVA

The substation is made as a complete, self-contained power device. It comprises a transformer, mediumvoltage and low-voltage switchgear, a measurement circuit on the medium-voltage or low-voltage sides, cables and associated equipment; its a ready-to-use product to be placed directly in the desired location. substation designation number of substation buildings type of KS in the set-up

KS

KS

Compact transformer substation

substation building dimensions (dm) w operated from the inside

2. Application of the substation


The KS...w type transformer substations are designed to provide electrical power supply to public and industrial customers from medium-voltage networks of up 20 kV, and low-voltage networks of 400/230 V in TN-C systems.

3. Technical specifications
The substation, depending on the building type, is designed for the following equipment: Building KS 22-30 w ( page 25) medium-voltage switchgear: ............ option: with SF6 insulation - SafeRing or SafePlus up to 3 bays (24 kV) option: with air insulation - UniSwitch (compact) up to 3 bays (24 kV) low-voltage switchboard type RNTw ...... 1250 A 6 (10) transformer ............................up to 630 kVA

Building KS 25-36 w ( pages 27, 29) medium-voltage switchgear: ............ option: with SF6 insulation - SafeRing or SafePlus up to 5 bays (24 kV) option: with air insulation - traditional up to 4 (3) bays of 17.5 kV (24 kV) option: with air insulation - UniSwitch (compact) up to 5 bays of 24 kV low-voltage switchboard type RNTw ....... transformer..............................up to Buildings 2 KS 22-30 w (pages 31-35) Buildings 2 KS 25-36 w medium-voltage switchgear: ..................
the UniSwitch, SafePlus, and the traditional air insulated type switchgears, allow free choice of configuration of medium-voltage bays

1250 A 630 kVA

transformer.............................up to up to

1000 kVA 2 x 630 kVA 1250 A 1600 A

low-voltage RNTw type switchboard....

3.1. Substation building


The KS...w substation buildings are made of concrete using permanent moulds (walls and base are made of B35 type
concrete, roof is made of B45 type concrete walls are 10 cm thick).

Die-cast concrete building


(deformations and cracking of the building in the construction, transportation and operation processes are eliminated)

Substation concrete components: building, base and roof The supporting constructions as well as fixing and transporting fittings are metallically joined with building reinforcement. All metal components of the building are hot-zinc-coated. Substation doors and ventilation grates are made of aluminium sheets and sections, and are painted with polyester powder paints ( fig. 07, page 42). The door frame of the transformer room is equipped with protection railing hooks; the ventilation grates are equipped with insect screens. The building roof ( page 16) is fitted with threaded transport sockets. The installation of equipment inside the KS...w is made through the doors as standard (also possible through the
roof).

The transport fittings are approved for permissible loads. The building cable base is also the building foundation. The base of the building has a separate, non-leaking oil pit, preventing the transformer oil from permeation into the soil and the ground water. The medium-voltage and low-voltage cables are passed into the building base through P70 type cable bushings (30 pcs. 10 per each base wall) or HD cable bushings ( fig. 06). The substation building internal walls and roof are pained with white waterproof acrylic paints; the walls, base floor and substation building floor are mufti-layer painted with sealing paints. The external walls structural plaster finish and the roof are pained with sealing paints according to the RAL colour palette. The base trim and the roof are painted from the outside with sealing paints in the substation door colour
(optionally, the base trim is finished with ceramic tiles).

The standard substation external finish is shown in fig. 01. The concrete moulding production stage allows for individual location of doors, division walls (or their removal), and special equipment holes.

(if e.g. two-transformer substations are required page 15)

The buildings can be set-up in groups

3.1.1. KS 22-30w substation building specifications ( page 13): external width at base ............................................................................... 3000 mm at roof ............................................................................... 3150 mm external length at base ................................................................................ 2200 mm at roof ............................................................................... 2350 mm height above the ground ................................................................... 2700 mm base foundation depth (including the surface) .......................................... 650 mm total height ............................................................................. 3350 mm substation building weight (without equipment) ............................................. 8000 kg substation building weight (equipped without transformer).............................. 9500 kg substation building weight (equipped incl. transformer)............................. 12000 kg base weight ........................................................................................ 3600 kg building area ......................................................................................... 6.6 m2 3.1.2. KS 25-36w substation building specifications ( page 14): width: building ...................................................................................... 3600 mm roof ........................................................................................... 3750 mm length building.. ...................................................................................... 2500 mm

roof ........................................................................................... 2650 mm height above the ground ..................................................... 2700 mm base foundation depth (including surface) ...................... 700 mm total height ............................................................................... 3350 mm substation building weight (without equipment).......................................... 10500 kg substation building weight (equipped without transformer) ................... 12000 kg substation building weight (equipped incl. transformer)............................. 14500 kg base weight ....................................................................................... 4300 kg building area ...................................................................... 9 m2 3.1.3 Building supplementary data: protection degree .............................................................................. enclosure impact strength .......................................... roof load strength ........................................... enclosure class .............................................................................. fire resistance .................................................................... fire resistance of walls and ceilings ........................................................ substation fire load (depending on the amount of oil in the transformer housing and size of the substation building) e.g.: 22-30 w substation with 630 kVA transformer.......................................... 25-36 w substation with 630 kVA transformer..........................................
the minimum distance from other objects (depending on the type
of the neighbouring buildings) * distances can be reduced: by 50% if the neighbouring building wall has a 60 min fire resistance, and there is only one door of at least 30 min fire resistance; by further 25% if the neighbouring building is equipped with fixed, automatic fire extinguishing system.

IP 43 20 J 2500 N/m2 10 B 120 min 2890 MJ/ m2 2165 MJ/ m2 10 to 15 m *)

The transformer substation can be located adjacent to a building, with a solid wall (no openings) towards the building, if the distance to the window and door openings is more than 1.1 m, and the horizontal and vertical distances from rooms with permanent presence of people is higher than 2.8 m.

3.2. Equipment arrangement


. The KS...w permit installation of a cable cabinet operated from the outside
(e.g. lighting cabinet, measurement circuit cabinets etc.)

The medium-voltage switchgear and low-voltage switchboards in the KS...w building are operated from common service corridor (common medium-voltage and low-voltage compartment), or from separate compartments of medium-voltage switchgear and low-voltage switchboards (separate compartments for the medium-voltage switchgear
and low-voltage switchboards are constructed in modular combined buildings).

The switchgear and switchboards can be accessed after opening service door, and the transformer can be accessed after opening the transformer room door ( fig. 0205). The division between the transformer and

the medium-voltage switchgear and low-voltage switchboards service corridor is made of supplementary substation equipment, i.e. RNTw switchgear, cable duct and mounting panels.

3.3. Substation technical specifications


The KS...w series transformer substations are type-tested at the Electrical Power Institute in Warsaw. transformer substations type: transformer substations type: transformer substations type: Substations are tested for: general requirements regarding construction and functionality mechanical strength of the building against impacts and loads, ingress protection, heat build-up inside the station building, electric strength of insulation, main circuit and earthing connections fault current load, inspection and evaluation of internal arc fault effects. General substation data: substation rated power ....................................................... 630 kVA (1000 kVA) rated frequency ....................................................... 50 Hz number of phases ...................................................................... 3 Medium-voltage side data: rated voltage .................................................................. 17.5kV or 24 kV insulation rated level ....................................................... 125 kV / 50 kV busbar rated continuous current ................................ 630 A (400 A) line bay .......................................................... 630 A (400 A) transformer bay .......................................................... 200 A peak withstanded rated current: busbar ................................................................... 31.5 kA line bay and earthing switch ........................................... 31.5 kA short-term withstanded rated current: busbar ................................................................... 12.5 kA line bay and earthing switch ........................................... 12.5 kA rated fault duration ..................................................................... 1 sec. Low-voltage side data: rated voltage ............................................................................... 400 V insulation rated level ................................................................... 660 V busbar rated continuous current ............................................ 990 A (1440 A) KS 22-30 w KS 25-36 w KS 25-36 w certificate no. 569 certificate no. 569 attestation no. 021/2002 (up to 1000 kVA) certificate no. 596
(up to 630 kVA) (up to 630 kVA)

main switch disconnector (circuit breaker) .................................. feeder bay ................................................................................ peak withstanded rated current ............................................ short-term withstanded rated current ................................ rated fault duration ................................................................... Transformer data: transformer type ..................................................................

1250 A (1600 A) 400 A (630 A) 40 kA 16 kA 0.5 sec

sealed, oil cooled


(or dry, resin type) up to 630 kVA (1000 kVA) (or insulators with terminal lug)

transformer power ................................................................... upper-voltage connection ............................................................... connector-type

3.3.1. Standards: EN 61330 : Prefabricated transformer high-voltage/low-voltage stations EN 60298 : 2000 AC switchgears in metal enclosures for voltages above 1 kV. IEC 439-1+AC : 1994 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear. Requirements for fully and partially tested sets. IEC 1641 : 1996 Technical Report. Enclosed low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies. Guide for testing under conditions of arcing due to internal fault. IEC 529 (1989) Protection provided by enclosures (IP code).

3.4.

Medium-voltage switchgears ( page 17, and the : UniSwitch and SafeRing


and SafePlus catalogues)

3.5.

Low-voltage switchboards

( pages 18-20)

3.6.

Transformers

( page 21, and the: Distribution transformers catalogue)

The transformer inside the building is standing movably on rails anchored to the station building floor (its
possible to transport the substation with the transformer installed assembled at the manufacturers facility).

3.7. Medium-voltage and low-voltage cable connections ( page 22)


The transformer is connected with the medium-voltage switchgear using three single-phase cables 1 x 50 (70) mm2, in cross-linked polyethylene insulation for up to 20 kV voltage (one per phase). The cables from the medium-voltage switchgear side, in SF6 insulation, are terminated with elbow jack heads e.g. type EASW

20/250 (type of the head on the medium-voltage switchgear side is defined in the switchgear assembly and operation
documentation).

The medium-voltage switchgear side, in air insulation are terminated with indoor heads e.g. TI 24 type. The cables for transformers fitted with connectors are terminated on the upper-voltage side with alternatively: elbow jack heads e.g. type EASW 20/250 or straight jack heads e.g. EASG 20/250. For the transformers with insulators, the cables on the upper-voltage side are terminated with indoor heads e.g. TI 24 type. The type of the heads can be chosen depending on how the cables are connected at the uppervoltage side of the transformer. The low-voltage cables of the RNTw switchboard are terminated with traditional KU 240 type cable terminals, and connected on the transformer side using e.g. PFISTERER type terminals or KU 240 type cable terminals. The transformer lower-voltage side terminals can be insulated with insulating covers. The cables entering the building base through the P70 bushings are sealed from outside with thermo-shrink tubes.

3.8. Substation earthing ( page 23)


The electric shock protection of the transformer substation is made with safety earthing. The low-voltage service earthings as well as the medium-voltage and low-voltage safety earthings are all connected to common earth. Safety earthing: The substation equipment and structures are connected to the earthing busbar with the 1 x 50 mm2 cable in yellow and green insulation. The earthing busbar is connected through the measurement contact (1 page 23) with external substation earthing (flat section 200mm2). The building reinforcement is used as a common, metallic connection of all the substation structure components. RNTw switchboard service earthing: The PEN terminal of the RNTw switchgear is connected through the measurement contact (3) with the substation external earthing. Transformer service earthing: The transformer neutral point is connected through the measurement contact (2) with the substation external earthing. The measurement contact (2) is connected to the transformer neutral point using the 1 x 50 mm2 cable (1 x 120 mm2 or tinned flat-section 25 x 4 mm2 acc. to the directives of Power Distribution Company) with blue insulation. To facilitate substation earthing installation, flat-section FeZn 50 x 4 segments are provided to connect the earthing points no. 1, 2, and 3 with the circumferential earthing.

4. Substation assembly and foundation ( page 24)


The substation has been designed to be transportable to the construction site using traditional transportation means (weights of buildings are given in the substation building specifications pages 6 and 7). A special lifting sling or a traverse is delivered with the substation for the setting up purposes (we can guarantee assistance in proper substation
installation).

10

The substation installation site must guarantee a driveway and a manoeuvre field for a crane and truck carrying the substation. health and safety regulations must be observed at all times the substations must be set up by cranes with lifting capacity of more than 50% higher than the substation weight use only the lifting slings and traverses designed for KS... substations

4.1. Substation foundation trench and installation of the substation ( page. 24)
The substation should be placed in a foundation trench filled with water draining sub-crust breakstone or gravel of 0 16 25 mm granularity ( page 24). In case of embankment grounds (unstable) a 15 cm thick concrete foundation slab should be made (B15 concrete with 12 wire reinforcement in 15 x 15 cm mesh). The depth of the substation foundation trench can be obtained as the total depth of the trench plus surface thickness, as given in the infrastructure design. The trench depth total of 650 mm, and substation height above ground level - 2550 mm. Modular buildings (combined) require a common stabilising slab.

5. Environmental protection
The KS...w substations do not create any ecological threat. Buildings, doors, and all associated structures are made of environmentally friendly materials. The building base contains a leak-proof oil pit that prevents the transformer oil permeation into soil, and ground waters through the building base. We guarantee assistance in scrapping of accidentally damaged equipment.
(e.g.. switchgears with SF6 gas).

6. Warranty
The manufacturer gives a limited warranty for transformer substations, equipped as ordered, for a period of minimum 24 months excluding other vendors equipment, which is covered by a 12-month warranty. The manufacturer accepts no liability for damages and faults resulting from incorrect operation and usage, lack of maintenance or improperly performed engineering works. We guarantee assistance in choosing and commissioning of the substation, training of personnel, delivery of spares and consumables.

11

7. Documentation acceptance
The KS... series transformer substations are accompanied by type documentation During the preparation of the transformer substation documentation, apart from the legal and formal steps related to substation architecture and location, the following should be done: substation electrical diagram co-ordination and design, based on technical conditions issued by the relevant Power Distribution Company co-ordination of the type of electric power measurements needed with the Power Distribution Company, and design of the measuring circuit (if applicable) design of the external distribution networks design of the substation earthing, using natural earthings, based on soil resistivity measurements planning of the substation assembly procedure, with regard to transportation conditions

8. Ordering a substation
When ordering a substation, the following should be defined: type of building and roof operating voltage of the medium-voltage side type and number of bays in the medium-voltage switchgear configuration of the RNTw low-voltage switchboard additional equipment of the RNTw low-voltage switchboard transformer type, rated power, and voltages of the lower and upper voltage sides types of cables supplying power in the medium-voltage line bays transformer cable connections (connectors and insulators) substation exterior colour and contents of the warning labels ( page 16)

9. Substation transportation and hand-over


We deliver the substation with our own transportation means, and provide lifting slings and traverses to unload and set-up the substation. Location preparation and the crane to unload the substation are provided by the client. We guarantee assistance in setting-up of the station

12

KS 22-30 w substation building


General specifications building width building length building height above ground building height inside depth of building foundation protection degree building weight withont equipment base weight building area supplementary building dimensions Materials building and base roof joinery operated from the inside
equipment installation through the door or after roof removal

KS 22-30 w

630 kVA

3000 mm 2200 mm 2700 mm 2300 mm 650 mm IP 43 8000 kg 3600 kg 6,6 m 2 fig.s 02 and 03

reinforced concrete (B35) reinforced concrete (B45) aluminium (or aluzinc)

the building walls are finished with structural plasters in the ordered colour (standard sand RAL 1015) the building roof is covered with sealing paints (standard brown RAL 8016 or ash RAL 7032) joinery is painted with powder paints in the roof colour

3000

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

substation building building base building roof service door


2550

1050

3 5 6 1 5
2700

2200

ventilation grates cable bushings bushing between buildings hatch


800

9
11

8 7 2
650

10 medium-voltage compartment 11 transformer room

1050

1050

building wall thickness is 100 mm

1200

cable cabinet

10

13

KS 25-36 w substation building


General specifications

KS 25-36 w

630 kVA

building width building length building height above ground building height inside depth of building foundation protection degree building weight withont equipment base weight building area supplementary building dimensions

3600 mm 2500 mm 2700 mm 2300 mm 650 mm IP 43 10500 kg 4300 kg 9 m2 rys. nr 03, 04

Materials building and base roof joinery operated from the inside
equipment installation through the door or after roof removal

reinforced concrete (B35) reinforced concrete (B45) aluminium (or aluzinc)

the building walls are finished with structural plasters in the ordered colour (standard sand RAL 1015) the building roof is covered with sealing paints (standard brown RAL 8016 or ash RAL 7032) joinery is painted with powder paints in the roof colour

3600

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

substation building building base building roof service door cable cabinet ventilation grates cable bushings bushing between buildings hatch
800 2550

1050

3 5

6 1 5
2700

10

11

2500

6 9

7 2

11 transformer room

650

10 medium-voltage compartment

1050

1050

building wall thickness is 100 mm

14

1200

Set of two substation buildings - 2 KS... w

4400 (2 KS 22-30w) 5000 (2 KS 25-36w)

2 KS 22-30 w 2 KS 25-36 w

4700 (2 KS 22-30 w) 5300 (2 KS 25-36 w)

The set of two buildings allow creation of two-transformer, multi-bay or other substations, as required. Construction of such substation with typical buildings significantly facilitates the substation set-up and allows free choice of architecture. Division of substation weights e.g. two-transformer substations, allows use of traditional transportation means (especially in difficult locations).

In case of embankment grounds (unstable) a concrete stabilising foundation slab should be made reinforced concrete
(B15 concrete with 12 mm wire reinforcement in 15 x 15 cm mesh).

300

650

stabilising slab

15

Building roofs KS...w


building roofs: KS 22-30 w KS 25-36 w and and 2 KS 22-30 w 2 KS 25-36 w

Flat, single slope, reinforced concrete, 2.5% pitch

Flat, double slope, reinforced concrete, 5% pitch

Flat, double slope, reinforced concrete, 5% pitch + steel envelope roof overstructure + roof tiles, 30 pitch

Flat, double slope, reinforced concrete, 5% pitch + steel double slope roof overstructure + roof tiles, 30 pitch

Outside operates substation roofs: single or double slope reinforced concrete slab (B45), covered with sealing paints on outside the roof reinforced concrete slab is ready for additional steel roof envelope or double slope overstructure covered with ceramic tiles (option: sheet metal, shingle etc.)

1 2 3 4

made for the substations standing adjacent to buildings or for 2 KS... w substations.

standard KS... w substation roof made for KS... w substations and 2 KS... w substations on a reinforced concrete slab with a steel overstructure of an envelope roof with wooden laths for e.g. tiles. made for KS... w substations and 2 KS... w substations on a reinforced concrete slab with a steel overstructure of a double slope roof with wooden laths for e.g. tiles.. The sides are made of aluminium sections painted with powder paints.

Drainpipes in the KS... w and 2 KS... w buildings are made only on clients request
(roof gutters and drainpipes material: aluminium or PVC)

External designations of the KS... w substations


company logo substation type substation number

warning label with inscriptions: 1. DO NOT TOUCH 2. ELECTRICAL DEVICE 3. DANGER ground level

medium-voltage switchgear service door low-voltage switchboard service door

MV SWITCHGEAR LV SWITCHGEAR

MV/LV TRANSFORMER

transformer room door

16

Mediumvoltage switchgear
in SF6 insulation
A B

As standard, the substation is designed for SF6 insulated switchgear, type:


SafeRing or SafePlus
C

The MV switchgear transformer bays are equipped with a circuit breaker or a fuse. In the switchgear equipped with the isolation switch (200 A), the transformer is protected by a combination of a high-power isolation switch, and highvoltage HH fuse links type CEF. The isolation switch rated current in the transformer bay is limited by the fuse link rated current (see table below). Detailed information on switchgear design and operation is given in installation and operation documentation of the MV switchgears.
Note: the UniSwitch, SafePlus and traditional, air insulated switchgears allow free choice of configuration of medium-voltage side bays

Phase order
Each bay in the MV switchgear (SF ) is standard equipped with neon lamp voltage indicators, and with test sockets for setting phase of the medium-voltage cables (in each phase). Phasing devices are fitted on clients request.
6

MV switchgears in SF6 insulation


type rated voltage transformer bay: - with fuse - without fuse number of bays A B C (mm) (mm) (mm) 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 SafeRing 17.5 and 24 kV Safe Plus 17.5 and 24 kV

696 1021 1346 750 1345

696 1021 1346 1671 750 1345

- application of different switchgear requires consultation

table of fuse MV links selection in MV switchgear transformer bays


upper voltage transformer power 100 kVA 160 kVA
15 kV

fuse 10 A 16 A
25 A

upper voltage

transformer power 100 kVA 160 kVA 250 kVA 400 kVA 630 kVA 1000 kVA

fuse 10 A 16 A 16 A 25 A 40 A 50 A

250 kVA 400 kVA 630kVA 1000 kVA

20 kV

25 A 40 A 63 A

Note: overcurrent CT settings (for the MV switchgear with circuit breaker)


acc. to directives given in the MV switchgear documentation.

17

RNTw switchboards
RNTw - for inside operated substations
free-standing supplied from above module design: 6, 10, 12 feeder bays gr. 2 (3) allows connection of RNTw to increase the number of feeder bays ready to add: - control/measurement system PK - measurement/counter system PR (current transformers) - transformer idle run compensation system
Cu 60 x 10 (Cu 80 x 10) Cu 40 x 10 (Cu 60 x 10)
3 3

Example:
Internal load Compensation

RB-00
16 A D01 16 A D01

220 V/16 A

SOCOMEC Sirco 1250 A (1600 A)

PV

D01

V
PK measurement

A
D01

RNT switchboard specifications:


L1, L2, L3 400/230 V, 50 Hz

PR measurement

L
5

L
4

L
3

Cu 50 x 10 (Cu 80 x 10)
2 1

rated continuous current rated feeder current rated voltage insulation rated voltage 1 second withstanded rated current peak rated current ingress protection standard colour

1250 A (1600 A) 160 / 400 / 630 A 230 / 400 V 660 V 16 kA 40 kA IP 20 RAL 7032

10

Stand-by

Stand-by

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

PEN

Cu 40 x 10 (Cu 60 x 10)

additional equipment

RNTw - 6

RNTw - 10

RNTw - 12

portable earthing terminals


V A A A A V A A

current transformers inspection window

670

1070

1270

260

18

2050

RBL-2

RNTw switchboards
Example:

continue.

Busbar busbars
1 incomer: L1, L2, L3 - busbar Cu 60x10 (Cu 80 x 10)* PEN - busbar Cu 40x10 (Cu 60 x 10)*
(the busbar bridge is standard fitted for busbar current transformers installation)

The RNTw switchboard busbar bridge (10 feeder bays)


with SOCOMEC Sirco 1250 A (1600 A) insulating switch

L1

L2

L3

PEN

2 feeder:

L1, L2, L3 - busbar Cu 50x10 (Cu 80 x 10)* PEN - busbar Cu 40x10 (Cu 60 x 10)*
*( ) execution for 1600 A
SOCOMEC 1250 A

PK and PR measuring transformers

L1

L2

2
L3

PEN

Connections with the transformer RNTw incomer options:


5 6

1250 A OETL insulating switch 1250 A fuse insulating switch 1250 A circuit breaker without main circuit breaker

RNTw feeder options:


SLBM gr. 2 (3) insulating switch XLBM gr. 2 (3) insulating switch

... connection using a traditional cable terminal

The RNTw switchboard with network-generator or automatic stand-by switching incomer supply, requires a customised design.

19

RNTw switchboards
PR, PK - measurements
The RNT switchboards allow addition of the following measurement systems: PR energy counter measurement PK control measurement

continue.

PR and PK systems measurement boards


The TT type measurement boards are adapted to install directly on the wall or in measurement cabinets. The TT-2 and TT-3 boards are fitted only with typical 3-phase counter boards. The TP-2 and TP-3 boards are fitted additionally with the terminal strip, voltage protection, control lamps etc.

TT-2
WILK

TT-3
WILK

TT-2 and TT-3 in OTT-2 (OTT-3) housing


WILK WILK WILK WILK

450

650 550 750

TP-2
WILK

TP-3
WILK

TP-2 and TP-3 in OTP-2 (OTP-3) housing


WILK WILK WILK

zegar

zegar

zegar

zegar

Selection of current transformers for the measurement systems


Transformer power 100 kVA 160 kVA 250 kVA 400 kVA 630 kVA Current transformer ratio 200 A / 5 A 300 A / 5 A 400 A / 5 A 600 A / 5 A 1000 A / 5 A

Internal load and additional equipment

Transformer power 100 kVA 160 kVA 250 kVA 400 kVA 630 kVA

Capacitor power * 2 (2.5) kVAr 2.5 (3) kVAr 3 (5) kVAr 5 (7.5) kVAr 7.5 (10) kVAr

All RNT switchboards are equipped with internal load system: service outlet, and station lighting circuit. The RNT switchboards allow installation of a transformer idle run capacitor.

* acc. to the transformer operation recommendations

20

850

650

500 700

Transformers

Oil type
manufacturer power A B C (kVA) (mm) (mm) (mm) 160 950 780 1230 250 990 720 1340 ABB 400 1085 900 1445 630 1180 1020 1570 1000 1890 1105 2040

Transformer medium voltage switchgear and low-voltage switchboard connection (see pages 10 and 22)

The KS... type substation allow installation of dry type transformers: cast wil technology transformers RESIBLOC technology transformers

21

Medium-voltage and low-voltage cable connections


Transformer medium-voltage switchgear connections single phase cables with 20 kV insulation: up to 250 kVA 35 mm2 from 400 to 630 kVA 50 mm2 from 800 to 1250 kVA 70 mm2

Transformer low-voltage RNTz switchboard connections single phase cables with 1 kV insulation: up to 250 kVA 1 x 240 mm2 from 400 to 630 kVA 2 x 240 mm2 from 800 to 1250 kVA 4x185 (240) mm2

The medium-voltage switchgears in SF6 insulation allow connection of dry or oil cables.

Cable heads SF6 insulated switchgears head manufacturer line bays incomer cables transformer bay cables to the transformer F&G ASTS 20/630; AWKS 20/630 EASW 20/250 EUROMOLD K400 TB; K400 LR K 158 LR RAYCHEM RICS RSES

air insulated switchgears head manufacturer line bays incomer cables transformer bay cables to the transformer F&G EAVI 20; TI 24 EAVI 20; TI 24 EUROMOLD ITK; OTK ITK; OTK RAYCHEM IXSU; OXSU IXSU; OXSU

transformers head manufacturer with traditional connectors (insulators) with jack connectors F&G EAVI 20; TI 24 EASW 20/250; EASG 20/250 EUROMOLD ITK; OTK K 158 LR RAYCHEM IXSU; OXSU RSES

22

Substation earthing
Safety earthing: the substation equipment and structures and connected to the earthing busbar with a green and yellow insulated cable 1 x 50 mm2. the earthing busbar is connected through a test clamp 1 with external substation earthing (flat section 200 mm2). the building reinforcement is used as additional, common metallic connection for all substation structure components. RNTw switchboard service earthing: the PEN terminal of the RNTw switchboard is connected through the test clamp 3 with external substation earthing. Transformer service earthing: the transformer neutral point is connected through the test clamp 2 with external substation earthing. the connection of the test terminal with the transformer neutral point is made with the 1 x 50 mm2 cable (1 x 120 mm2 or 25 x 4 mm2 tinned flat section according to Electric Power Distribution Company) with blue insulation. to facilitate creation of substation earthing, flat-section FeZn 50 x 4 segments are included to connect the earthing points number 1, 2, and 3 with the circumferential earthing.

KS 22-30 w KS 25-36 w 2 KS 22-30 w 2 KS 25-36 w


MV switchgear

FeZn 50x4 mm
Earthing busbar

1
PE

RNTw

LV switchboard

PEN

FeZn 50x4 mm

2 3
FeZn 50x4 mm

FeZn 50x4 mm

23

Substation installation and placement


Substation placement
(with equipment)
3000

KS 22-30 w
2200

19 T crane (25 T in case of difficulties)

traverse
2700

12 T

ground level

3,6 T

the lifting sling for roof removal is supplied with the substation

3300 4700

150

the installation traverse is supplied with the substation

650

2500 3900

breakstone or reinforced concrete slab

Substation placement
(with equipment)
3600

KS 25-36 w
2500

19 T crane (25 T in case of difficulties)

traverse
2700

14,5 T

ground level

4,5 T

the installation traverse is supplied with the substation the lifting sling for roof removal is supplied with the substation

3900 5300
breakstone or reinforced concrete slab

150

650

2800 4200

2 KS 22-30 w 2 KS 25-36 w

4400 (2 KS 22-30w) 5000 (2 KS 25-36w)

3600

ground level

300

650

common reinforced concrete slab

4700 (2 KS 22-30 w) 5300 (2 KS 25-36 w)

3900 5300

In case of embankment grounds (unstable) a concrete stabilising foundation slab should be made reinforced concrete
(B15 concrete with 12 mm wire reinforcement in 15 x 15 cm mesh).

24

2700

Transformer substation

KS 22-30 w
Substation equipment options - standard
substation building MV switchgear: KS 22-30 w option: SF6 insulation SafeRing or SafePlus up to 3 bays (24 kV)) option: air insulation UniSwitch (compact) up to 3 bays (24 kV) LV switchboard transformer RNTw - 6, 10 bay max. 630 kVA
2200
3000

option with RNTw 6


10

2 3 5
11

1 4 7 8

Equipment placement
1

concrete building building with cable cabinet medium-voltage switchgear MV/LV transformer low-voltage switchboard PR energy counter measurement additional LV cable cabinet for installation of e.g.:
2200

1050

1050

1a
2 3 4 5 6

3000 1050

option with RNTw 10 and cable cabinet (6)

6
10

2 5 4 3 9
11
1200

- individual LV switchboards - board for street lighting - PR energy counter measurement - capacitor set
7 8 9 10 11

1a

service door 1050 x 2000 mm transformer room door 1050 x 2000 mm ventilation grates MV cable duct base hatch

1050

1050

fig. 8.1

1200

25

KS... w substation electrical diagram

Medium-voltage switchgear (p. 17)

SafeRing or SafePlus with circuit breaker in the transformer bay

with fuse ...

L1, L2, L3 w in SF6 insulation

kV

I>

MV/LV transformer (p. 21)

Earthing busbar

3x1YHKXS 50 cable EASW 20/250 heads


MV/LV oil sealed transformer

1
Other LV switchboard MV switchgear Transformer Structures

kV kVA
2
Compensation

A
4x2YKXS 240 cables

kVAr

Internal load

Low-voltage switchboard RNTw (pp. 18-20)

16 A D01

16 A D01

SIRCO Energy counter


6A D01 3 6A D01 3

Qsn 60W

Qnn 60W 220 V/16 A

PR : A/5A

PV

V A
Test energy counter

RNTw
L1, L2, L3 400/230 V, 50 Hz
10 9 8 7 6 5

L
Stand-by RBL-2 RBL-2 RBL-2 RBL-2

L
4

L
Cu 50 (80) x 10
3 2 1

PK : A/5A

Stand-by

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

Cu 40 (60) x 10

PEN

standard

additional equipment

The transformer, type and number of medium-voltage and low-voltage switchgear bays, and additional substation equipment are determined by the client

PEN

fig.

8.2

26

Transformer substation

KS 25-36 w
Substation equipment options - standard
substation building rozdzielnica SN: KS 25-36 w (e.g. with cable cabinet) option: SF6 insulation SafeRing or SafePlus up to 5 bays (24 kV) option: air insulation (traditional) up to 4 (3) bays 17.5 (24 kV) option: air insulation UniSwitch (compact) up to 5 bays (24 kV) LV switchboard transformer RNTw - 6 (10) (12) max. 630 kVA
1a 12 7 8
2500

3600 1050

option: with SF6 insulation medium-voltage switchgear

6 2
10

3 9
1200

11

1050

1050

option: with air insulation medium-voltage switchgear

Equipment placement
17.5 kV

1 2 2a 2b 3 4 5 6

concrete building medium-voltage switchgear SF6 medium-voltage switchgear air insulated medium-voltage switchgear - air insulated (compact) MV/LV transformer low-voltage switchboard: RNTw PR energy counter measurement
1a

24 kV

6
10

12 5 3 9 11 4

2a

additional LV cable cabinet for installation of e.g.: - individual LV switchboards - street lighting cabinet - PR energy counter measurement
option: with air insulation medium-voltage switchgear (compact)

7 8 9 10 11 12

service door 1050 x 2000 mm transformer room door 1050 x 2000 mm


2b

10

ventilation grates MV cable duct base hatch capacitor set


11 1 12 7 8 4 5 3 9

fig.

9.1 27

KS... w substation electrical diagram

Medium-voltage switchgear (p. 17)

SafeRing or SafePlus with circuit breaker in the transformer bay

with fuse ...

L1, L2, L3 in SF6 insulation

kV

I>

MV/LV transformer (p. 21)

Earthing busbar

3x1YHKXS 50 cable EASW 20/250 heads


MV/LV oil sealed transformer

1
Other Structures LV switchboard MV switchgear Transformer

kV kVA
2
Compensation

A
Cable 4x2YKXS 240

kVAr

Internal load

Low-voltage switchboard RNTw (pp. 18-20)

16 A D01

16 A D01

A
Energy counter

SIRCO
6A D01 3

Qsn 60W

Qnn 60W 220 V/16 A

PR : A/5A
6A D01 3

PV

V A
Test energy counter

RNTw L1, L2, L3 400/230 V, 50 Hz


10 9 8 7 6 5

L
RBL-2 RBL-2 RBL-2

L
4

L
Cu 50 (80) x 10
3 2 1

PK : A/5A

Stand-by

Stand-by

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

Cu 40 (60) x 10

PEN

The transformer, type and number of medium-voltage and low-voltage switchgear bays, and additional substation equipment are determined by the client

PEN

fig. 9.2

28

Transformer substation

KS 25-36 w
Substation equipment options: with medium-voltage side measurement
3600 1050

option: with air insulation (traditional) medium-voltage switchgear

17.5 kV

substation building MV switchgear:

KS 25-36 w (e.g. with cable cabinet) Option: air insulation (traditional) 1 line bay 17.5 kV (24 kV) + measurement bay +

24 kV

6
10

12 5 3 9 11 4
1200

1 transformer bay Option: air insulation UniSwitch (compact) 2 line bays 17.5 kV (24 kV) + measurement bay + 1 transformer bay

2500

1
2a

Option: SF6 insulation SafeRing or SafePlus 2 line bays 17.5 kV (24 kV) + measurement bay + 1 transformer bay LV switchboard transformer RNTw - 6 (10) (12) max. 630 kVA
option: with UniSwitch

1050

1050

10
2b

3 9

Equipment placement
1

concrete building building with cable cabinet (6) medium-voltage switchgear SF6 medium-voltage switchgear air insulated medium-voltage switchgear - air insulated (compact) Energy measurement cubicles MV/LV transformer low-voltage switchboard: RNTw PR energy counter measurement additional LV cable cabinet for installation of e.g.: - individual LV switchboards - street lighting cabinet - PR energy counter measurement
2c

11 1 12 7

1a
2 2a 2b 2c 3 4 5 6

option: with SafePlus

6
10

12 5 3 9 11 4

7 8 9 10 11 12

service door 1050 x 2000 mm transformer room door 1050 x 2000 mm ventilation grates MV cable duct base hatch capacitor set
1a 2

fig. 10.1

29

KS... w substation electrical diagram example with measurement cell


Note: The UniSwitch, SafePlus and traditional switchgear allow free choice of configuration of bays and measurement systems on the medium-voltage side
Medium-voltage switchgear (p. 17)

L1, L2, L3 (SF6)

17.5 (24) kV

IMZ

UMZ
3

MV/LV transformer (p. 21)

ASTS 20/630 heads AUTIS lighting arrester


TP board

EAVI 20 heads

3xYHKXS 50 cable

3x1YHKXS 50 cable EASW 20/250 heads


MV/LV oil sealed transformer

Earthing busbar

1
Other MV switchgear Structures LV switchboard Transformer

kVA
2

kV

Compensation 4x2YKXS 240 cable

Low-voltage switchboard RNTw (pp. 18-20)

kVAr
RB-00

Internal load
16 A D01 16 A D01

A
Qsn 60W Qnn 60W 220 V/16 A

SIRCO

6A D01 3

PV

V A
L1,L2,L3 PEN
Test energy counter

RNTw
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

Cu 50 (80) x 10
2 1

PK : A/5A

Stand-by

Stand-by

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

Cu 40 (60) x 10

RBL-2
PEN

The transformer, type and number of medium-voltage and low-voltage switchgear bays, and additional substation equipment are determined by the client standard additional equipment

fig.

10.2

30

Transformer substation

2KS 22-30 w
Substation equipment options: with medium-voltage side measurement separate medium-voltage and low-voltage compartments
substation building 17.5 kV MV switchgear 2 KS 22-30 w Option: air insulation (traditional) 24 kV MV switchgear measurement bay +
1050
4400

e.g. 2 line bays + 1 transformer bay 1 line bay + measurement bay + 1 transformer bay Option: air insulation UniSwitch (compact) e.g. 2 line bays measurement bay +
1050

option: with air insulation (traditional) medium-voltage switchgear 1

11

12
2a

10 11

1 transformer bay Option: SF6 insulation SafeRing or SafePlus e.g. 2 (3) line bays measurement bay + 1 transformer bay

9
1200

option: with UniSwitch

1050

LV switchboard transformer

RNTw - 6 (10) (12) max. 630 kVA


7
11

12

2b

10 11

Equipment placement
8
1 2 2a 2b 2c 3 4 5 6

concrete building medium-voltage switchgear SF6 medium-voltage switchgear air insulated medium-voltage switchgear - air insulated (compact) Measurement cubicle MV/LV transformer low-voltage switchboard: RNTw PR energy counter measurement additional LV cable cabinet for installation of e.g.: - individual LV switchboards - street lighting cabinet - PR energy counter measurement
11 11

option: with SafeRing or SafePlus

1 2 7 12

10
2c

7 8 9 10 11 12

service door 1050 x 2000 mm transformer room door 1050 x 2000 mm ventilation grates MV cable duct base hatch capacitor set

fig.

11.1 31

2
3000

17.5 kV

24 kV

KS... w substation electrical diagram example

Note: The UniSwitch, SafePlus and traditional switchgear allow free choice of configuration of bays and measurement systems on the medium-voltage side
Medium-voltage switchgear (p. 17)

kV
L1, L2, L3
3

IMZ

UMZ
3

HH

EAVI 20 heads
Tablica TP

MV/LV transformer (p. 21)

3xYHKXS 50 cable

3x1YHKXS 50 cable EASW 20/250 heads

Earthing busbar

MV/LV oil sealed transformer

1
Other Structures LV switchboard MV switchgear Transformer

kVA
2

kV

Compensation
4x2YKXS 240 cable

kVAr
RB-00

Low-voltage switchboard RNTw (pp. 18-20)

Internal load
16 A D01 16 A D01

A
Qsn 60W Qnn 60W 220 V/16 A

SIRCO

6A D01 3

PV

V A
L1,L2,L3 PEN
Test energy counter

RNTw
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3

Cu 50 (80) x 10
2 1

PK : A/5A

Stand-by

Stand-by

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

Cu 40 (60) x 10

RBL-2
PEN

standard

additional equipment

The transformer, type and number of medium-voltage and low-voltage switchgear bays, and additional substation equipment are determined by the client

fig.

11.2

32

Transformer substation

2KS 25-36 w
Substation equipment options: two-transformer substation

substation buildings MV switchgear

2 x KS 25-36 w e.g. 9 line bays (375 mm), 24 kV - UniSwitch+ 2 x 4 bays SF6 SafeRing any SafePlus configuration 5 MV bays, 24 kV air insulated (traditional) switchgear e.g. 2 x RNTw 6 (10) (12) e.g. 2 x max. 630 kVA

LV switchboard transformer

Equipment placement
1 2 3 4 4a 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

3600

concrete building medium-voltage switchgear MV/LV transformer low-voltage switchboard: RNTw bus section PR energy counter measurement bolts securing the two KS 25-36 w buildings together service door 1050 x 2000 mm transformer room door 1050 x 2000 mm ventilation grates
5000

2
24 kV

17.5 kV

1050

7 10 1
4 4a 5 4 6

capacitor set transformer room division base hatch

12

11 8 8

1050

1050

fig.

12.1 33

1200

KS... w substation electrical diagram example

Note: The UniSwitch, SafePlus and traditional switchgear allow free choice of configuration of bays and measurement systems on the medium-voltage side
Medium-voltage switchgear (p. 17)

L1, L2, L3

17.5 (24) kV

HH

HH

EAVI 20 heads

EAVI 20 heads

MV/LV transformer (p. 21)

Earthing busbar
3x1YHKXS 50 cable EASW 20/250 heads 3x1YHKXS 50 cable

Earthing busbar

1
MV/LV oil sealed transformer

T1
kV kV

T2

EASW 20/250 heads

1
kVA
Other Structures LV switchboard MV switchgear
10

Other

Structures

Transformer

LV switchboard

MV switchgear

kVA

2
4x2YKXS 240 cable

2
4x2YKXS 240 cable

Compensation

A kVAr
SIRCO

D01

D01

A kVAr
SIRCO

Low-voltage switchboard RNTw (pp. 18-20)

Internal load

Test energy counter

PV

6A D01
3

MP: A/5A

V A
6A D01

Internal load
3

6A D01

PV

V A
6A D01

MP: A/5A
PR:

Energy counter

PR:

RNTw L1, L2, L3 400/230 V, 50 Hz


10 9 8 7

A/5A
6 5

L
4

L
Cu 50 (80) x 10
3 2 1

1250 A

L
Cu 50 (80) x 10
2 3

L
4

L
5 6

A/5A
7

RNTw L1, L2, L3 400/230 V, 50 Hz


8 9

L1,L2,L3

2RBL-2

L1,L2,L3

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

RBL-2

PEN

Cu 40 (60) x 10

PEN

PEN

Cu 40 (60) x 10

...the medium-voltage and low-voltage switchgear and switchboard can be equipped with mechanical locks

The transformer, type and number of medium-voltage and low-voltage switchgear bays, and additional substation equipment are determined by the client standard additional equipment

fig.

12.2

34

RBL-2

RBL-2

PEN

Transformer

Transformer substation

2KS 25-36 w
Substation equipment options: 1000 KVA transformer separate medium-voltage and low-voltage (power distribution company and clients) compartments
substation buildings MV switchgear 2 x KS 25-36 w e.g. 9 line bays (375 mm), 24 kV - UniSwitch+ 2 x 4 bays SF6 SafeRing any SafePlus configuration 5 MV bays, 24 kV air insulated (traditional) switchgear RNTw - 6 (10) (12) 1000 kVA

LV switchboard transformer

Equipment placement
3600

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

concrete building medium-voltage switchgear MV/LV transformer low-voltage switchboard: RNTw 1600 A PR energy counter measurement service door 1050 x 2100 mm
6 6 5
1050 1050

transformer room door 1200 x 2100 mm ventilation grates capacitor set


5000

Power Distribution Company

Customer

base hatch

1 9
4

1000 kVA
1200

7 8 10 3

8
1200

fig.

13 35

ROOF grey or brown colour

WALLS sand colour

TRIM grey or brown colour

Exterior 2-3

Exterior 1-2

ROOF grey or brown colour WALLS sand colour METAL PARTS grey or brown colour

TRIM grey or brown colour

Exterior 1-4

Exterior 3-4

KS 25-36 w substation exterior

fig. 01

36

3-bay SafeRing medium-voltage switchgearr

Additional low-voltage equipment support

Cable base hatch

Earthing busbar

MV/LV transformer, max 630 kVA, dimensions max. 1600 x 1030 mm Test connection

Transformer moving rails

Test connection 6-bay low-voltage switchboard WILK RNTw-6

KS 22-30 w substation equipment placement

fig.

02

37

Cable bushings Oil pit

KS 22-30 w substation equipment placement

fig. 03

38

Earthing busbar

Test connection

Additional low-voltage equipment support 5-bay SafePlus medium-voltage switchgear

MV/LV transformer, max 630 kVA, dimensions max. 1600 x 1030 mm

10-bay low-voltage switchboard WILK RNTw-10

Cable base hatch

Transformer moving rails Safety equipment hanger

Test connection

KS 25-36 w substation equipment placement

fig. 04

39

Cable bushings Oil pit

40

KS 25-36 w substation equipment placement

fig. 05

Version 1 Version 2
P70 cable bushing P50 cable bushing

Version 3

HD125 (150) cable bushing

Thermo-shrink tube

Thermo-shrink tube

Thermo-shrink tube

XPLE insulated cable

XPLE insulated or paper-oil insulated cable

XPLE insulated or paper-oil insulated cable

Cable bushings

fig. 06

41

KS... w substation service door

The KS...w substation ventilation grate

Casement-bolt lock with turn/tilt handle

Insect screen

Technical specifications:

Grate only in the transformer room door

1.Material aluminium or aluzinc sheet 2.Finish coating polyester powder paint 3 protection IP43

Insect screen

KS...w substations joinery

fig. 07

42