Anda di halaman 1dari 5

tertiary Amyl Methyl Ether (TAME)

92-2

May 1994

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page


I SUMMARY A. TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS 1. Isoamylene Sources 2. Process Technology (a) Feed Pretreatment (b) TAME Processes (c) MTBE/TAME Coproduction 3. Economics B. MARKETING ANALYSIS 1. TAME Applications 2. TAME Capacity 3. MTBE/TAME Supply and Demand TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS A. CHEMISTRY B. ISOAMYLENE SOURCES 1. Refinery Fluid Catalytic Cracker Unit 2. Steam Cracker Complex 3. Feed Preparation (a) Selective Hydrogenation (b) Isomerization C. TAME PROCESSES 1. CDTECH (a) (b) 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. CDTAME CDETHEROL 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 4 6 6 6 7 13 13 18 18 20 21 21 24 29 29 29 32 33 35 38 40 41 44

II

(c) CDISOTAME UOP IFP ARCO Other MTBE/TAME Coproduction

92-2

C:\U\WPU\PERP\TOC\92-2TOC.WPD

TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) Page


D. ECONOMICS 1. Basis (a) Feedstock Evaluation (1) Utility Costs (2) Methanol (3) FCC C4s and C5s (b) Investment Basis (c) Production Cost Basis Production Cost (a) TAME (b) MTBE (c) MTBE/TAME Coproduction Sensitivities 45 45 45 46 46 47 47 49 50 50 50 54 56 60 60 60 60 62 62 64 65 65 66 70 70 74 75

2.

3. III

MARKET ANALYSIS A. APPLICATIONS B. CAPACITY 1. United States 2. Western Europe 3. East Asia 4. Latin America and the Caribbean C. SUPPLY AND DEMAND 1. Demand (a) United States (b) Other Regions 2. Production D. GLOBAL TRADE

REFERENCES

92-2

C:\U\WPU\PERP\TOC\92-2TOC.WPD

TABLES Page
Table I.A.1 Table I.B.1 Table II.A.1 Table II.A.2 Table II.B.1 Table II.B.2 Table II.B.3 Table II.B.4 Table II.D.1 Table II.D.2 Table II.D.3 Table II.D.4 Table II.D.5 Table II.D.6 Table III.B.1 Table III.B.2 Table III.B.3 Table III.B.4 Table III.B.5 Table III.B.6 Table III.C.1 Table III.C.2 U.S. Gulf Coast TAME, MTBE, and MTBE/TAME Production Costs Global MTBE and TAME Demand Gasoline Blending Properties of Oxygenates C5 Octanes and Vapor Pressures Overall FCC Yield Pattern Effect of Cracker Feedstock and Operating Severity on Pygas and C5 Production Typical Performance of a C5 Selective Hydrogenation Unit Overall Mass Balance of TAME Production with and without Pentesom TAME Price Basis, 1993 U.S. Gulf Coast TAME, MTBE, and MTBE/TAME Production Investment Costs, 1993 Cost Estimate of TAME Production: Depentanizer, SHP, TAME Synthesis Cost Estimate of MTBE Production: MTBE Synthesis Cost Estimate of MTBE/TAME Production: MTBE/TAME Coproduction Cost of U.S. Gulf Coast TAME and MTBE Production, 1993 U.S. TAME Capacity, 1994 Planned U.S. TAME Capacity West European TAME Capacity Projected Gasoline Lead Levels in Other Asian Countries East Asian TAME Capacity Planned Latin American TAME Capacity Global MTBE and TAME Demand Global MTBE Capacity/Production

5 12 16 16 19 21 24 28 46 49 51 52 53 54 61 61 62 63 64 64 66 72

92-2

C:\U\WPU\PERP\TOC\92-2TOC.WPD

FIGURES Page
Figure I.B.1 Figure I.B.2 Figure I.B.3 Figure II.B.1 Figure II.B.2 Figure II.B.3 Figure II.C.1 Figure II.C.2 Figure II.C.3 Figure II.C.4 Figure II.C.5 Figure II.C.6 Figure II.D.1 Figure II.D.2 Figure II.D.3 Figure II.D.4 Global MTBE Demand Global MTBE Supply Global MTBE Net Trade C5 Selective Hydrogenation: Flow Diagram Olefin Isomerization: Flow Diagram Integration of Pentesom and Ethermax Processes Flow Diagram of CDTech TAME Process Flow Diagram of CDEtherol Process Flow Diagram of CDIsotame Process Flow Diagram of Ethermax TAME Process Flow Diagram of IFP TAME Process Flow Diagram of Hls's TAME Process Ether Cost of Production Sensitivity of U.S. Gulf Coast TAME Production Costs to Economy of Scale, 3rd Qtr 1993 Sensitivity of U.S. Gulf Coast TAME Production to Return on Investment, 3rd Qtr 1993 Sensitivity of U.S. Gulf Coast Ether Production to Olefin Cost, 3rd Qtr 1993 Global MTBE Demand U.S. Oxygenate Use Global MTBE Supply Global MTBE Operating Rate Global MTBE Net Trade 8 10 11 23 26 27 30 34 36 37 39 42 55 57 58 59 67 69 71 73 74

Figure III.C.1 Figure III.C.2 Figure III.C.3 Figure III.C.4 Figure III.D.1

92-2

C:\U\WPU\PERP\TOC\92-2TOC.WPD