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# S ?

n P [ s i c s )oi Paper 3
Section A Bahagian A [28 marks] 128 rnarkahl Anstter all questions in this section. Jauab semua soalan dalam balzagian ini. 1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the length of a wire, I and its resistance, .R. The arrangement of the apparatus is shown in Diagram 1.1. An ammeter, dry cells, a rheostat, a switch and a piece of constantan wire are connected in series. Avoltmeter is used to measure the potential difference, V across the constantan wire between P and Q. Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk rnengkaji ltubungan antarapanjang suatu dautai, /, dengan rintangan, R. Susunan radas ditunjuhkan pada Bajah L.L. Sebualt. amrnete4 sel leering, reostat, suis dan dataai konstantan disambung secara sesiri. Sebualt aoltmeter digunakan untuk mengukur dan beza keupayaa4 V merentasi dauai honstantan antara P dan Q.

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## Diagram 1.1 Rajah 1.1

A constantan wire of length, I = 20.Q cm is connected between P and Q. When the switch is on, the rheostat is adjusted until the ammeter reading is 0.50 A. The voltmeter reading, V, is as shown in Diagram L.2. The procedure is repeated with constantan wires of length, I = 40.0 cm, 60.0 cm, 80.0 cm and 1-00.0cm. The corresponding voltmeter readings across P and Q are shown in Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and cm konstantan yang rlempunyai panjang, I = 20.0 d.isambung antara P d.an Q. Apabita suis dihid.upkan, reostat dilaraskan sehingga bacaan ammcter adalah 0.50A. Bacaan uoltm'eter; V, adnlah seperti yang ditunjukkan pada Raiah L.2. Prosedur diulangi d,engandawai konstantan yang flLenpunyai panjang, I = 40-0 cm, 60.0 cm, 80.0 cm don 100.0 cm. Bacaan uoltmeter yang sepadan, ydng merentasi P dan Q, ditunjuhkan pada Rajah 1.3, 1.4, L.5 dan 1.6. ';l'*",

I
l/=

I
V_

Length of wire, I = 20.0 cm Panjang dawai, / = 20.0 cm Diagrarn 1.2 Rqiah 1.2

## Diagrarn 1.3 Rajah 1.3

t
I
f/= Diagram 1.4 Roiah 1.4

I
V_

## Length of wire, / = 80.0 cm Panjangdawai,l = 80.0cm Diagram 1.5 Raiah 1.5

I
V=

Length of wire, / = 100.0 cm Panjang dawa| / = 100.0 cm Diagram 1.6 Rq,iah 1.6 (a) For the experiment describedon pages 254 and 2bb, identifr: Bagi eksperirnen yenB diterangh,andi halaman 284 dan 2ss, kenal pasii: (i) The manipulated variable Pembolehubah dimanip ulasikan IL mark] IL markahj
(ii) The responding variable Pembolehubah bergerak balo.s

## (iii) The constant variable P embolehub ah dimal ark an

Il markl II markahj

IL markl IL rnarkahl (b) Basedon DiagramsL.2, L.3, L.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on page 182 and 188: Berdasarhan Rajah L.2, L.3, L.4, L.5 dan L.6 d,i halaman LB2d,an l8B: (i) Record the voltmeter readings, % in the spacesprovided on page 18'2and 1SB. Catatkanba'caan uoltmeter, dalam ruang yang disediakandi halarnan L82d.an LBB. \ L2marksl [2 markah]

(ii) Calculate the values of B for each length of wire using the formuU n =

## # I{itung nilai-nilai ,E bagi setiap panl'ang dauai menggunalean formula A = #

[2 nzarhs] [2 marhalz] (iii) Tabulate your results for V and R for all values of l, in the space below. Jadualhan heputusan anda bagi V dan E untule semua nilai /, pada ruang! di baanlt.

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(c) On the graph paper on page 185, plot a graph of R against l. Pada kertas graf di halaman L85, lukis graf R d,engan l. (d) Based on your graph in 1(c), state the relationship between E and./. Berdasarkan grd and di L(c), nyatakan hubungan antara -R dengan l.

## [5 marksl [5 markah] [l markl l1 markalfl

A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the mass, n, or a load placed on a spring and the length, I, of.the spring. The student also determines the spring constant, k. Seorang murid menjalankan satu eksperirnen untuh m.engkaji lzubungan antara jisim, m, bagi suatu beban yang diletakhan pada spring dengan panjang, I, bogi spring itu. Murid itu jaga ntenentukan pema/ar spring, k. The results of this experiment is shown in the graph of I against m inDiagram 2.1-on page 186. Keputusan eksperimen ini ditunjuhkan oleh graf I rnelawan m pada Rajah 2.L di halaman L86. (a) Based on the graph in Diagram ?.1, Berdasarkan graf pada Bajalt. 2.L, (t what happens to / as n increases? apakah yang .berlaku pada I apabila rn bertambalz?

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(ii) determine the value of / when m = 0 g. Show on the graph, how you determine the value of l. tentukan nilai I apabila m = 0 g. Tttnjukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menentukan nilai l.

t[2 rnarksl' 12markahl (b) The spring constant,k, is given by the formula k = * ,wherehisthegradientofthegraph.

Pemalar spring, ll d.iberi oleh formula k = ! , d"rgoo kead.aanh iatah kecerunangraf. h'
(i) Calculate the gradient, h, of the graph. ' Show on the graph how you calculate h. Hitung kecerunan, h, bagi graf itu. lb.njukkan pada graf itu bagaimana anda menghitung h.

## h(ii) Determine the value of k. Tbntukan nilai k.

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(c) Another identical spring is conneeted in series to the end of the spring. The spring constant,

## k', of two springs in seriesis given by the fomula f,,= i . *

Suatu spring lain yang serupa disambung pada hujung spring itu secara sesiri. Pemalar spring, k', bagi d,ua spring yang sesiri ini d.iberi oleh formu^ Calculate k'. Hitung k'. f,,= + . * .

k '=

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(d) State two precautions that can be taken to improve the accuracy of the readings in this experiment. Nyatakan dua langhah berjaga-jaga yang boleh diambil untuk rnernperbaiki ketepatan baeaan dalam eksperimen ini. 1.

2.
[2 marks] 12 markahl Section B Bahagian B [L2 rnarksj lI2 markahl Answer any one question from this section. Jawab n'Lana-rnanosatu soalan daripada bahagian ini. Diagram 3 shows two opaque cups, A and B, containing different amount of water. A similar coin is placed at the bottom of each cup. When the coin is observed from the same position, the image of the coin in cup A cannot be seen, but the image of the coin in cup B can be seen. Rajah 3 menunjukkan dua cawan legap, A dan B, yang berisi air yang berlainan kuantiti. Sekeping syiling yang serupa diletakkan di dasar setiap cawan itu. Apabila syiling itu diperhati daripada kedudukan ydng sarna, imej syiling dalam cawan Atidak boleh dilihat tetapi imej syiling dalam cawan B boleh dilihat.
Observer's eve .

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## Image Imej Water Air

Diagram 3 Raiah 3

Based on your observations on thc depth of the water and the position of the images of the coins: Berdasarlean pemerltatian tersebut: anda tentang hedalantan air dan kedudulean imej syiling-syiling

(a) State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. (b) State one hypothesis that could be investigated. Nyatakan satu ltipotesis yang bolelt disiasat.

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(c) With the use of apparatus such as a tall beaker, pins and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b). ' Dengan menggunalean radas seperti sebualt bilear yang tinggi, pin-pin dan radas lairy teranghan satu eksperirnen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatahan di S(b). In your description, state clearly the following: Dalam penerangan anda, jelaskan perhara berikut: (t The aim of the experiment. thjuan eksperimen.

(ir) The variables in the experiment. Pem bolelt ubah dalam ehslteritnen. (iii) The list of apparatus and materials. Senarai radas dan balzan. (iv) The arrangement of the apparatus. Susunan radas. (v) The procedure used in the experiment. Describe how to control and measure the manipulated variables and how to measure the responding variables. Prosedur yang digunahan dalam ehsperimen. Terangkan bagairnana nzengaual dan ntengukurpernboleltubalz dimanipulasikan bagairnana menguhur .pembolelzubah bergerak balas. (vi) The way to tabulate the data. Cara untule menjadualkan data. (vii) The way to analyse the data. Cara untuk menganalisis data. I L0 marhsj ILO rnarkahl dan

## Diagram switched Diagram heater is

4.1 shows Jason taking a shower on a very cold morning. After the water heater is on for a while, he still feels cold. 4.2 shows that Jason no longer feels cold after the temperature control knob on the turned.

Eajalz 4.L menunjuhhan Jason sedang ntandi pada suatu pagi yong sangat sejuk. Selepas pernanas air dilziduphan beberapa ketika, dia masilt terasa sejuk. Eaja/t 4.2 menunjukkan Jason tidak lagi terasa sejuk selepas tombol kaualan sultu pada pernanas diputarkan.

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## Diagram 4.1 Rajah 4.1

Diagram 4.2 Rajah 4.2 Based on the observation on Diagram 4.1 and Diagram 4.2 and using your knowledge of the effect of current on heating: Berdasarkanpemerlzatian andapada Eajah 4.L dan Eajah 4.2 dan menggunakanpengetahuan anda tentang kesan arus terhadap pernanqsan: (a) State one suitable inference. Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai.

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ft) State one hypothesis that could be investigated. Nyatahan satu hipotesis Tang bolelt. disiasat.

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(c) With the use of apparatus such as a beaker, an ammeter, an immersion heater and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in a(b). Dengan menggunakan radas seperti bikar arnmete4 pen anas rendam dan radas lain, terangkan satu elesperimen untuk rnenyiasat lripotesis yang dinyatahan di 4(b). In your description, state clearly the following: Dalarn penerangan anda, jelashan perkara berihut (t The aim of the experiment. Ihjuan ehsperimen. (ir) The variables in the experiment. Pernbolelt ubah dalam elesperirne n. (iii) The list of apparatus and materials. Senarai radas dan bahan. (iv) The arrangement of the apparatus. Susunan radas. (v) The proced.ure used in the experiment. Describe how to control and measure the manipulated variables and how to measure the responding variables. Prosedur lang digunakan dalam eksperirnen lbrangkan bagaimana tnengaual dan mengukurpembolelzubalt dimanipulasikan bagairnana mengukur pentbolelt ubalt bergerak balas. (vi) The way to tabulate the data. Cara untuk rnenjadualkan data. (vii) The way to analyse the data. Cara untak nt4nganalisis data. [10 marks) [L0 nzarkafl dan

Paper 3 iection A I (a) (il (ii) (iii) (b) (il (ii) ' Length of constantan wire Resistance of wire Type of wire 0,4 Y 0,9 V 1.3 V,1.7 V,2.2V cm, j?=.0.8 O When I = 2O.O cm, B = 1.8 O When / = 4O.O /= 60.0 cm, R= 2.6 A When When /= 80.0 cm, E = 3.4.f) When /= 100.0 cm, R = 4.4 A Ilcm

(d

## IIA 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50

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0.4 0.9 1.3 1.7 2.2

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0.8 1.8 2.6 3.4 4.4

## 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0

(c) 4.5 4.0 3.5 3 .0 2 .5 2.0 1 .5

20

40

60

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## (d) .Ris directly proportionalto 2 (a)

(t
(ii)

/increases linearly as m.

## t# (b) (r) Gradient, = U = 0.208

(11) lr = 0.208
= 4.808 1 -t

(vii) A graph of d against D is plotted. (a) The heating effect of a conductor is affected by the magnitude of the current. (b) The larger the current, the higher the temperature of the water which is being heated. (c) (il To investigate the effect of current.on heating. (ii) Manipulated variable: Values of current Responding variable: Increase in temperature Constant variable: Volume of water (iii) Beaker, ammeter, immersion heater, thermometer, connecting wires with crocodile clip, rheostat and stop watch. (rv) Rheostat
Ammeter

(c/

## 1 li 4.808 4.808 1 = 2 k' 4so8 k = 2.404 (d) 1. Whenreadingsare taken, makesurethe 2.

. systemis stationary and not oscillating. The experiment is repeated and the averagereadingsare taken.

Section B 3 (a) The position of the images of the coins is affected by the depth of water. (b) The deeperthe water, the higher the position of image. (c) (t To investigate the relationship between real depth and apparent depth. (ii) Manipulated variable: Depth of water Responding variable: Position of image Constant variable: Tlpe of beaker (iiil Tall beaker, pins, water, ruler, cork, a sheet of white paper and retort stand. eye (1v) 14 Obseryer's
Tall beaker

Thermometer

Switch

(v)

## Water White paper

Pin

1. Pour 200 cm3of water into the beaker and measure its temperature. 2. Switch on the circuit and adjust tbe rheostat until the reading of ammeter is 1.0A. 3. The stop watch is started. 4. The final temperature is recorded after 2 minutes. 5. Steps 1 to 4 are repeatedby adjusting the rheostat so that the ammeter readings ate 2.0 A, 3.0 A, 4.0 A and 5.0 A.

(v) 1. Draw a thick straight line on the sheet of white paper. The paper is placed under the tall beaker. 2 Fix a pin on the cork. 3. Fill the beaker with water to a height of 10 cm (D= t0). 4. Move the pin until the pin is at the same level as the image of the straight line. 5. Measure the real depth, -D and the apparent depth, d. 6. Steps 3 to 5 are repeated with different depths of water such as 12 cm, 14 cm, L6 cm and 18 cm. (vi) tteal depth 10 t2 L4 16 18 (cn)
lD

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