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The Scream by Edvard Munch

ARTIST The creator of The Scream is Edvard Munch, (12 December 1863 23 January 1944) he worked on The Scream from 1893 to 1910 but he had been painting since the early 1800s and continued to near his death in 1944, most of his artworks were done in his home county of Norway. Most of his artworks including The Scream used long stokes of varying colours and had a simplified look to them (Not that detailed). He used oil painting, pastels and lithography. The oil paints and the pastels create a pasty and streaky effect which is used in his artworks to show his world is drawing out and shifting. His artistic intentions were convey his emotions (mainly anxiety). The waving and shifting pattern represents his instability and anxiety that he carried. Edvard Munch is considered to be the pioneer in the Expressionist movement when expressionism was being accepted

Artwork The Scream was created in 1983, the original version is located in the National Gallery of Oslo. The painting is created with tempera and pastels on board. The painting uses red/orange, blues and browns. The lines are mostly curved and round in the natural parts of the painting but on the bridge for example they are straight and unnatural. The artwork is rough due to the use of pastels and tempera, also the style of painting with the simple strokes not going over the same area too many times, the curves and pale frightened figure show the alienation and anxiety of the artist. The mood of the artwork is cold and pale, it represents the anxiety and depression of the artist and is hard to relate to unless in his position. The artwork is about a man that is mentally unstable; he is walking along a bridge with two friends and becomes very anxious. To him the sky turns red and it gets very dark, his friends dont notice his condition and just keep walking on. The function of the artwork is to illustrate the anxiety and hard time that the artist is going through.

Edvard Munch

Audience When Munch painted this artwork, there was no intended audience, he painted for himself and it was his way to express his emotional feelings and what he was going through in life, however; many people like his painting and it has become well known and recognisable. Over time more people have come to admire his work. The artwork makes the audience feel slightly sorry for the artist because the artwork is showing what he was going through in his life. I do not think that the audience add meaning to the artwork as there was originally no intended audience. Identify with the artwork can be hard as you have to be in the same position he was in; anxious, depressed and unstable.

World The artwork is a representation of Edvard Munchs own personal world. We can tell that there was possibly no research into psychiatry and that Edvard Munch wasnt being treated for his condition. The artwork represents the life of the artist and the challenges and problems that he had to go through. When Edvard Munch was alive there was no form of television. His mental instability and anxiety affected most of his artworks; the artworks show his anxiety and are often simplistic in style or distorted in nature.