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1 ADX Memory Aid

(December 18, 2011) * The following tips and shortcuts are for memorizing many, though NOT ALL, of the numerical answers for the test. These sheets do not come close to covering all the questions that will be on your FAA exam, so study all of the Selected Questions in the Flight Test software. You may want to look this study aid over a couple of times before you begin studying with the Flight Test software so you know whats in it. It's broken down into the Knowledge Categories you'll be studying in the software. * There are several tables in these sheets that identify the correct answer by LOW, MID, or HIGH this means the correct answer is the LOWEST of the 3 numerical choices, the MIDDLE of the 3 numerical choices, or the HIGHEST of the 3 numerical choices it's often easier to remember where the correct lies numerically with respect to the other two choices than to remember the exact number itself. * Most of the following tips were provided to Sheppard Air by, and offered for download free with the permission of, the original author and many Sheppard Air subscribers. On behalf of all those studying for the ATP written, wed like to offer all the contributors a sincere Thank You for making this handout possible. We (Sheppard Air) have attempted to verify that all the memorization tips are correct, but neither Sheppard Air nor the contributors offer any guarantee as to their accuracy. ADX INFO: DO NOT memorize the A, B, or C answer location only --- these are randomized on the exam. Sign up for the ADX test code at the testing center. Throughout these sheets, words and/or answers are BOLDED to help recognition.

'Aerodynamics & Aircraft' Knowledge Category: There are some trends here, but some are strictly memory recall
Asks for V1 and Vr (operating conditions A-1 thru A-5): ALWAYS CHOOSE ANSWER WITH HIGHEST Vr Ground Distance covered During Climb W-1: MID W-2: LOW W-3: HIGH W-4: HIGH V-2: MID V-5: MID Time from Alternate thru Apporach L-1: HIGH L-3: LOW Takeoff EPR R-1: MID G-3: 2.14, 2.10 G-4: 2.23, 2.21 V1, Vr, V2: G-3: 134, 134, 145 Stab Trim R-1: R-3: R-5: G-5: Trip Time for Trip Fuel for Holding: H-1: H-4: H-5: MID LOW MID MID
X-2: HIGH X-3: LOW X-3: MID X-4: LOW X-5: MID Z-1: LOW

Weight at Top of Climb W-2: HIGH V-3: HIGH V-4: MID V-5: HIGH

Fuel Burned During Climb V-2: LOW

Landing Weight L-1: HIGH

G-4: 132, 146

G-5: 119, 135

R-3: 138, 138, 142

X-1: LOW

IAS 264 216 249

EPR 1.80 1.42 1.67

Fuel H-4: H-5:


Descent Time, Fuel, and Distance S-1: 26 mins & 125 NAM S-4: 21 mins & 113 NAM S-5: 1420 lbs & 97 NAM

Random answers: (youll know em when you see em) 9 minutes dump time to 16,000 lbs Drift Down D-2: 17,500 ft Drift Down D-3: 21,600 ft VREF for L-1: 143 knots VREF +20 for L-3: 169 knots Takeoff safety speed for G-1: 137 knots DRY RWY using brakes & spoilers Brakes, spoilers, and reversers at 131,000 lbs 2750 ft 400 ft 5800 ft 800 ft 138 knots & 3,050 ft 13,500 lbs 14,500 lbs Figure 230: MID Figure 231: LOW Figure 232: LOW Figure 234: 163.1 knots, 168 knots Figure 235/236: 136,450 lbs & 139,850 lbs Figure 237/238: 138, 138, 141, or 132, 132, 136

'FARs' Knowledge Category:

Fuel reserves: Youll know these answers when you see them amongst the other choices 45 min (after reaching alternate) 2 hours at normal cruise 3 hours 30 min holding at 1,500 ft above field 30 min + 15% Tot. or 90 min (least one)

WITHIN 48 STATES (Domestic, Flag, Supplemental, or Commercial receipt) Flag to island (or alternate not avail.) Supplemental/Comm. alt not reqd if) Supplemental Turboprop (if no alt avail) Supplemental after reach alt Flag Turboprop

'IFR and Navigation' Knowledge Category:

Divert to Alt: VOR-11L Tucson: must be at least 300-1 which makes it 2900-1 RMI: Just look at figures. NAV Figure 139: 5.0 NM R-345 165 4 174 354

HSI (ILS and BC, Figs 140 & 141): Just look at each one and pay attention to front and back course. A = 9 and 6 D=2 G = 7 and 11 B = 5 and 13 E = 8 and 3 H=1 C = 12 F=4 I = 11 HSI (aircraft position, Figs 142 & 143): A=1 B=19 C=12 D=17 E=6 F=16

Flight Planning: These are the most labor-intensive questions on the test. You'll need to know the stuff in bold print. Use the U.S. maps attached to the end of this handout as a visual tool to help you learn the answers one map shows all the answers the other map has the answers removed so you can test yourself. Speed Time FUEL .82mach to BLH / 1:07 / 22,765 lbs LAX to PHX: .82 Mach HIGH HIGH .78 Mach HIGH MID .78mach: 1:09 / 22,556 lbs TEC route: LAX LAX316 SILEX Spec range to ARLIN: 48.2 nam/1000 lbs .82 Mach from TRM to BLH in 8 minutes .715 Mach from IPL to BZA in 6 minutes BUF to ORD: .80 Mach MID MID .80mach / 1:04 / 21,644 lbs .78 Mach LOW HIGH .78mach / 1:12 / 21,739 lbs Spec range to start descent: 48.9 nam/1000 lbs STL to LGA: HIGH MID 1:53 / 6,408 lbs prior to taxi Newport News (PHF) to PHL HIGH HIGH/MID 1:31 / 1,132 lbs usage / 1,908 lbs req'd MSP to DEN: LOW LOW 1:54 / 28,053 lbs MID LOW 1:28 / 28,317 lbs LAS to SFO: BDL to PHL: MID MID/MID 0:52 / 6,130 lbs usage / 11,735 lbs req'd Holding Entries: 090 = Parallel Only 270 = Direct Only (both questions) 360 = Teardrop Only 180 (Fig 123) = Direct Only 180 (Fig 124) = Teardrop Only 5 nm inner 10 nm outer 1,200 AGL T D 123 P D

- or -

D 124 T

Class C airspace:


2-way comms, XPDR

'Weather' Knowledge Category:

Answers helpful to remember: RMK SLP 993 6//// = Sea Level Pressure 999.3 hectopascals and last 3 hrs rain indeterminate Squall sudden increase of at least 15 knots in avg wind speed to a sustained speed of 20 knots or more for 1 min IFR around Lake Superior etc = Obscured skies and fog Smooth line enclosing a hatched area = All stations inside are reporting IFR West Virginia = Continuous/showery precip over half the area Flt from OK to TN = Continuous/sh precip over half the area, mod turb, frz temp above 10,000 ft Arrow A on Radar Summary Chart = Moderate to hvy precip, echo tops up to 30,000 ft, thunderstorms and rain showers Arrow C on Radar Summary Chart = Moving NE at 20 kts and strong to very strong echoes up to 28,000 ft Arrow B on Radar Summary Chart = Weak to moderate echoes, rain showers increasing in intensity 300mb height over Canada = 9,120 meters MSL Path of Jet stream = Alaska to Canada to Montana to ND to Great Lakes Wx system approaching CA = LOW and DRY (2 different questions) 500 mb = FL180 300 mb = FL300 200 mb = FL390 FISDL = 17,500 MSL down to 5,000 AGL / METARs, SIGMETs, PIREPs, AIRMETs (2 different questions) Severe Thunderstorm = 58 mph wind and/or 1 in size hail

4 'Weight and Balance/Performance' Knowledge Category:

Pallet calculations: For the questions that ask, "What is the maximum allowable weight carried on a pallet": If the answer choices are all greater than 1000, then the correct answer is LOW except for 1611.6 pounds If the answer choices are all less than 1000, then the correct answer is MID For the questions that ask, "What is the minimum floor load limit carry the following pallet": The answers are: 115, 144, 76, 175, 183 Here are the two equations for calculating either the Max Weight on Pallet or Min Floor Load Limit Wt on pallet = ((area/144) * Floor load limit) wt of pallet wt of tiedown or the same equation re-arranged: Floor load limit = (Wt on pallet + wt of pallet + wt of tiedown) * 144 / area of pallet

Wt shift/CG calculations: Memorize the grid below for initial operating conditions! To correctly choose the LOW, MID, and HIGH answers as indicated in this table, you must DISREGARD the plus (+) or minus (-) signs of the answer choices on the questions. Side note: BE-11: at landing weight LOW MID HIGH WS-2 WS-4 WT-4 WT-14 ' ' ' BE-6 WS-1 WS-3 WS-5 WT-1 WT-6 WT-9 WT-2 WT-7 WT-10 WT-11 WT-15