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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM


SUBMITTED AS THE PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF COMPUTER APPLICATION By TRUPTI PATEL Exam No.:

Under the Guidance of Mr.BHARAT PATEL

ANAND COMMERCE COLLEGE, ANAND SARDAR PATEL UNIVERSITY VALLABH VIDYANAGAR MARCH 2011-12

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

Certifica te
This is to certify that Mr./Miss TRUPTI R PATEL of T.Y.B.C.A. Exam No.:___ Roll No.:90, College, of Anand Anand has Commerce

satisfactorily completed his project work during year 2011-12 as per the university curriculum and here with, it is to be submitted
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to

S.P.

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

University,

Vallabh

Vidhayanagar,

for his Final Examination

I/C Principal

PREFACE
It gives me great pleasure in placing in the hands of my esteemed faculties this individual report, which, I believe, will go through the documentation of the Project work done by me. The objectives of this report are to provide both a conceptual understanding of the System as well as working guide. Surely no other technology as information technology is proven as the diving force of Nation. I.T not only decides the Present but also the future. The need for Software development today is a competence in a G.U.I. based frontend tools as far as the database Programming is consumed. A typical scenario today involves an application consisting of a visual front end for Presenting data and reporting options to the enterprise, tables, and list boxes. These applications typically feature reporting function to provide documentation to teachers and Administrative. As a Student of BCA when I acquire all the theoretical Knowledge, It is both necessary and advice to acquaint the students with the real Situation through, well-Planned Project in relevant fields, Using all the theoretical Knowledge and applying into the real application the Student learns to develop efficient real world application at the time of Project training. So, the Project tanning is very important for the Student for Self- Development and self-confident. Also Student learns Organizational Structure, rules and regulations and Management in a real sense, which helps Student to get discipline in life. Aimed for Providing the reader with easier and in- depth Knowledge of all the basic as well as important aspects related to the System having the functionalitys of there respective fields in form of report. The report contains

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM the literature of almost all the things, Which I Have gone through from the point of view of any System development Life cycle. A Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) is a three year full time course. It Covers Various Topics Associated with the area of computer Science. In The Third year Students have to develop a Project. During T.Y I did a Project on for Anand Commerce College for its Online Hotel Booking

An effort has been made to exhaustively deal with every Part of the System developed and at the appropriate position, So that a user can easily perform the chat process on the Internet TRUPTI PATEL

Acknowledgment
With immense pleasure I would like to present this report on the Project assignment of AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM. I am thankful to all that helped a lot for successful complain of project and for providing valuable guidance throughout out project work. So I take this opportunity to thanks the people to make this project and the report success. I offer my sincere thanks to Mr. Bharat Patel for giving me that guidance to work with this system. I am grateful to him for kept faith in us and considered us for project work in their in-house software development to prove our metal at the organization level. I learnt a lot about the practical and professional aspect for him. I would like to thank Mr. Bharat Patel, and all people who have end favored us from the learning and processing the knowledge during project work. My sincere thanks to all who helps me in this task and for mounding our thoughts and vision towards this subject. I appreciate their concern and interest regarding the project. Their words of advice prior to leaving for the project helped me a great deal during the project. I would like to thanks my Friends members and all those persons who have directly on indirectly helped me in making this project work and study successful.

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

INDEX

Sr.No

Contents
PROJECT PROFILE 1.1 Project Definition 1.2 System Introduction

Page . No
1

2 3

ABOUT TOOL ANALYSIS 3.1 Existing System 3.2 Feasibility Study 3.3 Fact Gathering Study 3.4 Limitation of Existing System 3.5 Scope of Proposed System

DESIGN 4.1 Diagram 4.1.1 Data Flow Diagram 4.2 Data Dictionary

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION 5.1 Screen Layouts 5.2 Future Enhancements

BIBLIOGRAPHY

PROJECT PROFILE

Project Title

: Airline Reservation System

Project Developed By : Trupti Patel Operating system Front End Tool Back End Tool Project duration Project Guide Submitted To : Microsoft windows xp : Visual Basic 6.0 : Oracle 8.0 : 1 year : Mr. Bharat Patel : Anand Commerce College, Sardar Patel University, Anand.
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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION


The Hardware and Software Configuration for the proposed system is given below.

Hardware Configuration:For the successful run of the proposed system the required stand alone Personal Computer with, minimum hardware required to run the system is as below. Hardware Processor Hard disk RAM Dot Matrix Printer Minimum Requirement Pentium 4 40 GB 64 MB 16 Pin

Software Configuration:The minimum Software required by the system is follows. 1. ORACLE as Back End. 2. Visual Basic 6.0 as Front End The reason for selecting ORACLE and Visual Basic as tools are as follows.

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

Features of ORACLE : It is a high performance, full tolerant relational database management System especially designed for large database application. It offers following benefits: It eliminates all parent-child relationships and instead represented all data in the database as simple row/column tables of data values. Flexibility in data modeling. Easy for accessing data.

Each table is an independent entity and there is no physical relationship between tables. Reduce data storage and redundancy. Independent of physical storage and logical data design.

It has wide level data manipulation language (SQL). Most data management system based on the relational model has a built-in support for query languages like ANSI SQL or QBE (Query By Example). These queries are simple English constructs that allow adhoc data manipulation from a table. Deferred writing at commits to improve transaction performance. Security and control. It has a rollback command for recreating the database to its most recent safe point. Grant and revoke limits access to information down to row and column level. Views are valuable features for limiting access to the primary tackles in the database. Professional ORACLE starts the DBMS (Database Management System) in the extended memory, so more main memory is available for other applications. Relational model of data management is based on set theory. Built-in query language is designed in the RDBMS, so that it can manipulate sets of data (one or more tuples). User interface used with relational models is non-procedural because only what needs to be done is specified and not how it has to be done. Using any of the other methods, you have not only to specify what need to be done but how it has to be done as well.

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

Features of Visual Basic 6.0 : Visual Basic provides complete set of tools to simplify rapid application Development. It provides a vital link to graphical environment and allows you to develop applications based on standard windows features: Dialog boxes, Command buttons, Pull down menus, Scroll Bars, Selection lists etc. It also allows creating robust applications that fully make use of the graphical user interface. ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) and OLE DB replace the Open database connectivity (ODBC) API as the preferred method for accessing shared file and client/server databases. Internet techniques such as Dynamic HTML (DHML), Extensible markup language (XML), Active server pages (ASP) and ActiveX documents offer browser-based alternatives for displaying and updating data. Extensions to Visual Basic class modules assist in writing middle-tier DLLs for Microsoft transaction server 2.0. A multitude of wizards and other graphical tools aid developers new to Visual Basic. Visual Basic is an event driven programming language. Visual Basic allows you to adopt more of parallel approach, with independent sections of code for each option that the user may select. This is known as Event driven programming language. Data Environment Designer (DED). Drag and drop form generation. Data view window. ADO Data Control (ADODC). ADO-compliant data-bound controls. Hierarchical record sets and the Flex Grid Control. 9

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Data report design. Data form wizards. Format objects. Data repeater control. Data source classes and data building. MTS transaction Mode property of Class modules. Visual data tools (VDTS). SQL editor. Component creation. Language. Packaging and Deployment wizard. Data object wizard. The integrated development environment.

INTRODUCTION TO EXISTING SYSTEM

The Company follows a manual system for maintaining the Airline Reservation System. Whenever any requisition comes to the Counter to issue a ticket the firstly the Ticket Capacity checked whether the required quantity of the ticket is present or not. If the required tickets is present then issue a ticket and update the reservation information and an entry is done to the Ticket Issue Register. The day-to-day entries are made manually into the book that has gotten all the relevant entries. Check the Ticket Quantity regularly whether any ticket is not in, if so then Ticket Issue process is cancelled. In the same way Ticket cancellation is followed. If Fare is increased or decreased then changes into Fare Book. If New Flight is introduced then entry on relevant book, that process applies to Flight-Schedule, Airbus, and Branch.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM At the end of the year or when an intermediate report is needed then prepare the report is required.

LIMITATIONS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM

The Existing system includes problems like lack of time consuming, accuracy, high cost, security problems, etc. There are many problems in existing systems like: Time and speed Man power High cost Security Complexity Maintenance Accuracy Storing Records might get lost or be insufficient due to manual errors. Maintaining and managing data is very costly and time consuming, because there are many documents that have to be maintained by each branch and copies have to be transferred to relative branches. Transfer of information within the branches is costly and time consuming.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION TO PROPOSED SYSTEM

There are many activities that can be computerized in this widely spread organization. The current context is related to maintain the ticket Reservation-Cancel ticket. The important reason is to make-work easy. No need to search a Flight registers for entry or any other transaction. Computerization of this must fulfilled the requirements of working staff due to effective work of computer in terms of efficiency, speed, accuracy, storage capacity and quickness. Even though it is costly, it is recommended the computerization of the ticket issue process.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

OBJECTIVES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM

Manual work has to be reduced. Get accuracy. Result to be received very quickly. It uses concept of user friendliness. It provides using of multiple applications at a time. Increase security, speed, storing and accuracy. Customer services can not only be satisfied but also enhanced to the extent that one can obtain or cancel a reservation from any branch for any route at any given time. To speed up the operation. Managing and maintaining data becomes easier. Provide convenience to travelers. It decreases manpower and high cost.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

FEATURES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM

Manual work has to be reduced and Result to be received quickly. To speed up the operation and Decrease manpower, high cost. Increase security, speed, storing and accuracy. The customers have to face only one person at the booking counter for obtain the reservation. Managing and maintaining data becomes easier and cost effective due to very high amount and reliability of storage space available in the proposed system. It provides support for queries through out all the branches at any given time at a very high speed, saving a lot of time.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM The system has been developed under Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0 as a Front-End tool and Oracle 8.0 as a Back-End tool.

ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM

The proposed system due to computerized is much faster in reservation process, cancellation process and transactions. Transfer of information from various branches would become easier and faster. Managing and maintaining data becomes easier and cost effective due to very high amount and reliability of storage space available in the proposed system. Customer services can not only be satisfied but also enhanced to the extent that one can obtain or cancel a reservation from any given time.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

LIMITATIONS FOR PROPOSED SYSTEM

The main limitation of system is if any plane that not stop in a particular destination that have not been included in airline reservation system.

Per ticket only one other services are included at a time. Passenger cannot transfer his/her reservation from one flight to another flight.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

FEASIBILITY STUDY & COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS


Feasibility study is most important and it concerns great to the passenger, for which new system is to be developed. It includes the study of success and level of satisfaction that the passenger and the user will get from the system. Feasibility means possibilities (to some extent), i.e. this study explores the possibility of implementation of new system as a substitute to old system removing all shortcomings and including all new requirements. An initial determine in a proposal that whether an alternative system is feasible or not. To determine feasibility of candidate system in all respect I need to consider following feasibility factors: Economical feasibility Technical feasibility Behavioral feasibility ECONOMICAL FEASIBILITY::-

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Since the existing system is manual, the organization posses the computer and doesnt require to set the environment. Cost involved in the software packages includes the ORACLE 8.0 for storage of data as a back end. Other required software is that which they already have like WINDOWS 98. This costs around Rs.45, 000/- for the oracle software. As the new system size is round 3.5 KDL the cost involved in developing the system is retrieved as follows: Size of project = 3.5 KDL. Organic Project. Here, a=3.2 and b=1.05 The cost drivers and their rating for our project are as follows: Cost Drivers Reliability Database Size Complexity Analyst Capacity Analyst Experience Programmer Capacity Language Experience Category High Very high Low Normal Very low Normal Normal Rating 1.15 1.16 0.70 1.00 1.29 1.00 1.00

The cost of the project is estimated by the below formula as follows: Ei = a * (size)b = 3.2 * (3.5) 1.05 = 11.923 EAF = 1.15*1.16*0.70*1.00*1.29*1.00*1.00 = 1.20 E = Ei * EAF = 11.923 * 1.20 = 14.30 PM If we assume the average salary for the person is about Rs.7, 000/- per month then the cost is: Cost = 14.30 * 7000 =100100 So the total cost including the cost of the oracle the RDBMS is: Total Cost = 1,00,100+45,000 = 1,45,100

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Hence the total cost of my project is Rs.1, 45,100/Also the total duration for the entire project is: Here the value of a=2.5 and b=0.38 D = a * (E) b = 2.5 * (14.30)0.38 = 6.870 So the estimated duration for the project is 7 months approximately. TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY:It is determined by the hardware and supporting software. Hardware requirement: stand-alone computer with enough main memory space & backup storage more than 2 GB to support RDBMS and huge database. Software requirement: ORACLE. BEHAVIOURAL FEASIBILITY: It includes training the user staff on the candidate system. The data entry design is similar to other forms being used by the user staff. Data entry forms are very user friendly and data entry job has been kept minimum. So training of 3-4 will be sufficient. Even for generating reports the user has to supply 2-3 parameters only.

REQUIREMENT ANALYSIS
As we have decided to develop a new system now it is time to determine the new requirements for the new system. As the user is the most important part of any system it is required to find the users requirements to develop a user-friendly system rather than having to develop a developer friendly system. The outputs required by the user that must be included into the proposed system are as follows: 1. The work for the particular user must be personalized. 2. Passport and valid visa are required for ticket booking.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM 3. Tickets are print as in required order. 4. The user must be provided easy if he wants to switch from one application to other at a time.

FACT GATHERING TECHNIQUES

A fact gathering study was undertaken to study the activities involved in the various aspect of the existing computerized system. We had visited various person of the company. The existing system was studied by means of Interviews Record Reviews

Interviews:

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM User interviews were conducted to retrieve the qualitative information. These interviews, which were unstructured, provided opportunity to gather information from the respondents who involved in the process for a long time. These interviews provided information such as: Activities involved in process of reservation processing involving fare, other services, flight information, flight schedule information, airbus, various reports are generated using existing system. Type & frequency of forms and reports. Limitation of Existing system.

Record Reviews:
To gather details about the Airlines Reservation, many kinds of records & reports were reviewed. This study covered. Standard Operating Procedure. Forms and reports generated by existing manual system. Document flow (Input / Output) of the system.

TABLE DESIGN

Table design contains all the tables required to store the required information which are stated below: 1. TABLE NAME: AIRBUS Fields Airbusno First_cap Bus_cap Eco_cap First_wl_cap Data Type Varchar2 Number Number Number Number 21 Size (5) (3) (3) (3) (3)

Bus_wl_cap Eco_wl_cap

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Number (3) Number (3)

2. TABLE NAME: FARE Fields Route_code Airbusno First_fare Bus_fare Eco_fare Data Type Char Varchar2 Number Number Number Size (7) (5) (8) (8) (8)

3. TABLE NAME: SERVICE Fields Ss_code Ss_desc Ss_fare Data Type Char Varchar2 Number Size (4) (15) (5)

4 . TABLE NAME : CONTROL Fields Air_tax Excess_bg_limit First_bg_limit Bus_bg_limit Eco_bg_limit Canc_deduc_12 Canc_deduc_6 Canc_deduc_3 Data Type Number Number Number Number Number Number Number Number Size (4) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3)

5. TABLE NAME: CANCELLATION Fields PNR Data Type Number 22 Size (5)

Flight_no Flight_date Class Reserv_date Pass_name Pass_add Passport_no Ss_code Cancel_date Total_fare Branch_code Route_code Tot_fare Flight_type Pass_status Canc_amt

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Varchar2 (7) Date Char (1) Date Varchar2 (20) Varchar2 (100) Number (8) Varchar2 (4) Date Number (8,2) Varchar2 (4) Char (7) Number (8,2) Char (1) Varchar2 (15) Number (8,2)

6. TABLE NAME: BRANCH Fields Branch_code Add1 Add2 City Telephone Data Type Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Number Size (4) (20) (20) (15) (8)

7. TABLE NAME: RESERVATION Fields PNR Flight_no Flight_date Class Reserv_date Pass_name Pass_add Passport_no Ss_code Pass_status Route_code Total_fare Branch_code Data Type Number Varchar2 Date Char Date Varchar2 Varchar2 Number Varchar2 Char Char Number Varchar2 Size (5) (7) (1) (20) (100) (8) (4) (15) (7) (8,2) (4)

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Flight_type Tot_fare Canc_flag

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Char (1) Number (8,2) Char (1)

8. TABLE NAME: FLIGHT Fields Flight_no Flight_date First_bk_seats Bus_bk_seats Eco_bk_seats Data Type Varchar2 Date Number Number Number Size (7) (3) (3) (3)

9. TABLE NAME: LOGIN Fields User_id Password Data Type Varchar2 Varchar2 Size (15) (15)

10. TABLE NAME: FLIGHT_SCH Fields Flight_no Airbusno Airbus_nm Route_code Deprt_time Journey_hrs Flight_day1 Flight_day2 Data Type Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Char Char Number Number Size (7) (5) (20) (7) (5) (5) (1) (1)

11. TABLE NAME: ROUTE

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Fields Route_code Route_desc Origin Destination

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM Data Type Size Varchar2 (7) Varchar2 (25) Varchar2 (15) Varchar2 (15)

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

DATA FLOW DIAGRAM

As information moves through software, it is modified by a series of transformations. A Data Flow Diagram (DFD) is a graphical technique that depicts information flow and the transformations that are applied as data move from input to output. The data flow diagram is know as a data flow graph or a bubble chart. The Data Flow Diagram may be used to representation a system or software at any level of abstraction. In fact, DFDs may be used partitioned into levels that represent increasing information flow and functional detail. Therefore, the DFD provides a mechanism for functional modeling as information flow modeling. The Data Flow Diagram (DFD) serves two purposes: 1) To provide an indication of how data are transformed as they move through the system and 2) To depict the functions that transform the data flow. The DFD provides additional information that is used during the analysis of the information domain and serves as a basis for the modeling of function. A Level 0 DFD also called as fundamental system model or a context model, represents the entire software element as a single bubble with input and output data indicated by incoming and outgoing arrows respectively. Additional processes and information flow paths are represented as the level 0 is partitioned to reveal details. Each of the proves represents at level 1 is sub function of the overall system depicted in the context model. Each of the process may be refined are layered to depict more detail. Information continuity must be maintained in every layer, that is input and output to each refinement must remain the same.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

DATA FLOW DIAGRAM


CONTEXT DIAGRAM FOR AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

Request for flight availability

PASSENGER

Verification reply & tickets

AIRLINE RESERVATIO N SYSTEM

Reservation particulars

Acknowledgement (availability of seats available or not)

BOOKING OFFICER

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1-LEVEL DATA FLOW DIAGRAM

Flight Retrieve flight details Reservation file Flight information 1.0 Airbus Verify availability information of seats Airbus Retrieve flight schedule Flight_sch information Money, PASSENGER Add newvisa & details passport 2.0 Reservatio n process Ticket

PASSENGER

Enquiry

Fare information Route information 4.0 Report generation Passenger details Report

Fare Route

Ticket, visa & passport

3.0 Cancellation process Delete passenger Retrieve passenger information Cancel passenger information details

Reservation file

Cancellation file

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2-LEVEL DIAGRAM FOR PROCESS 2.0

Money PASSENGER Money, visa & passport 2.1 Domestic flight reservation process 2.2 International flight reservation process PASSENGER

Add information about passenger

Add information about passenger Reservation file Add information

Reservation file Request for other services PASSENGER Other service details Service file

2.3 Registratio n of other service process Add information of other services

2.4 Ticket reservation process

Reservation file

2-LEVEL PROCESS FOR PROCESS 3.0


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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

PASSENGER

Enquiry for cancellation process 3.1 Check validity process

Cancel or invalid

Check for valid information

Cancellation Add cancel information 3.2 Ticket cancel process Delete Passenger information

Cancel within 3,6 or 12 days

control Reservation file

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DATA DICTIONARY

Data Dictionary is a store of information about the data in database. The dictionary defines the name, description, source of data, users of data, and keywords in data, formula to derive the data, specification and such other details. Data dictionary brings common understanding of the data in the organization. RDBMS provides software to create the dictionary. Use of data dictionary enforces the standards of processing, usages application and documentation in the organization. Data Dictionaries are an integral component of structured analysis, since data flow diagram by them do not fully describe the information about the system. The data dictionary provides additional information about the system. A data dictionary is a catalogue a repository of the elements in a system. These elements center on data the way they are structured to meet user requirements and organization needs. In a data dictionary, a list of all the elements composing the data flowing through a system is included. If a project team member wants to know the definition of a data item name or the contents of a particular data flow, the information will be available in the data dictionary. Descriptions of all data used in the system are given in a data dictionary.

Analysts use Data Dictionary for five important reasons.

1) To manage the detail in large systems. 2) To communicate a common meaning for all system elements. 3) To document the features of the system. 4) To facilitate analysis of the details in order to evaluate characteristics and determine where system changes should be made. 5) To locate errors and omissions in the system.

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Data Dictionary :1.) Table Name Description Primary Key Foreign Key Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Fields Airbusno First_cap Bus_cap Eco_cap First_wl_cap Bus_wl_cap Eco_wl_cap : AIRBUS : This table stores Airbus Information : Airbusno : Data Type Varchar2 Number Number Number Number Number Number Size (5) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) Constraints Primary Key NOT NULL NOT NULL NOT NULL Description Airbus no start with AI First Class Capacity Business Class Capacity Economic Class Capacity First Classs Waiting List Capacity Business Classs Waiting List Capacity Economic Classs Waiting Capacity

2.) Table Name Description Primary Key Foreign Key Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 Fields Route_code Airbusno First_fare Bus_fare Eco_fare

: FARE : This table stores Fare Information : -

: Airbus (Airbusno) , Route(Route_code) Data Type Char Varchar2 Number Number Number Size (7) (5) (8) (8) (8) Constraints Composite primary Key Composite primary key Not Null Not Null Not Null Description Flights Code Airbusno Route

First Class Fare Business Class Fare Economic Class Fare

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3.) Table Name : SERVICE Description : This table Stores Service Information Primary Key : ss_code Foreign Key : Sr No 1 2 3 Fields Ss_code Ss_desc Ss_fare Size (4) (15) (5) Constraints Primary Key Not Null Not Null Description Service Code Service Description Service Fare

Data Type Char Varchar2 Number

4.) Table Name : CONTROL Description : This table Stores Control Information Primary Key : Foreign Key : Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Fields Air_tax Excess_bg_limit First_bg_limit Bus_bg_limit Eco_bg_limit Canc_deduc_12 Canc_deduc_6 Canc_deduc_3 Data Type Size Number Number Number Number Number Number Number Number (4) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) (3) Constraints Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null Description Fixed Air Tax Per Extra Bag charge First Classs Bag Limit Business Classs Bag Limit Economic Classs Bag Limit Cancel deduction charge for 7-12 days Cancel deduction charge for 4-6 days Cancel deduction charge for 0-3 days

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5.) Table Name : CANCELLATION Description : This table Stores Cancelled Ticket Information Primary Key : Foreign Key : Reservation (PNR), Flight_sch (Flight_no), Branch(Branch_code), Service(ss_code), Route(Route_code) Sr No 1 2 3 4 Fields PNR Flight_no Flight_date Class Data Type Number Varchar2 Date Char (1) Not Null Size (5) (7) Constraints Not Null, FK Not Null, FK Description PNR for Reservation Ticket Flight_no from Flight_sch table Flight Date information Classs Abbreviation F for First Class, B for Business Class, E for Economic Class Tickets Reservation Date Passengers Name Passengers Address Passengers Passport No Service code from service table Cancel amount Total Fare Branch code from Branch Table Flight type Abbreviation I for International, D for Domestic flight Passengers status W for waiting, C for Confirm Flights route code Total amount Cancellation date

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Reserv_date Pass_name Pass_add Passport_no Ss_code

Date Varchar2 Varchar2 Number Varchar2 (20) (100) (8) (4) (8,2) (8,2) (4) (1)

Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null FK Not Null FK Not Null

Canc_amt Number Total_fare Number Branch_code Varchar2 Flight_type Char

14 15 16 17

Pass_status Route_code Tot_fare Cancel_date

Char Char Number Date

(1) (7) (8,2) Not null, FK Not null Not null

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6) Table Name : RESERVATION Description : This table Stores Ticket Reservation Information Primary Key : PNR Foreign Key : Flight_sch(Flight_no),Branch(Branch code), Service(ss_code), Route(route_code) Data Type Number Varchar2 Date Char Size (5) (7) (1) Constraints Not Null, FK Not Null, FK Not Null Description PNR for Reservation Ticket Flight_no from Flight_sch table Flight Date information Classs Abbreviation F for First Class, B for Business Class, E for Economic Class Tickets Reservation Date Passengers Name Passengers Address Passengers Passport No Service code from service table Cancel amount Total Fare Branch code from Branch Table Flight type Abbreviation I for International, D for Domestic flight Passengers status W for waiting, C for Confirm Flights route code Total amount

Sr Fields No 1 PNR 2 3 4 Flight_no Flight_date Class

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Reserv_date Pass_name Pass_add Passport_no Ss_code

Date Varchar2 Varchar2 Number Varchar2

Not Null (20) Not Null (100) Not Null (8) Not Null (4) (1) (8,2) (4) (1) FK Not Null FK Not Null

Canc_flag Char Total_fare Number Branch_code Varchar2 Flight_type Char

14 15 16

Pass_status Route_code Tot_fare

Char Char Number

(1) (7) (8,2) Not null, FK Not null

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7) Table Name : BRANCH Description : This table Stores Branch Information Primary Key : Branch_code Foreign Key : Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 Fields Branch_code Add1 Add2 City Telephone Data Type Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Number Size (4) (20) (20) (15) (8) Constraints Primary Key Not Null Not Null Description Branch Code Branchs Address1 Branchs Addess2 Branchs City Branchs Telephone no

8.) Table Name : FLIGHT Description : This table Stores Flight Information Primary Key : Foreign Key : Flight_sch(Flight_no) Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 Fields Flight_no Flight_date First_bk_seats Bus_bk_seats Eco_bk_seats Data Type Varchar2 Date Number Number Number Size (7) (3) (3) (3) Constraints FK, Not Null Description Flight Number Flight Date First Classs booking seats Business Classs booking seats Economic Classs booking seats

9.) Table Name : FLIGHT_SCH Description : This table Stores Flight Schedule Information Primary Key : Flight_no Foreign Key : Airbus (Airbusno), Fare (Route_code) 36

AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

Sr No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Fields Flight_no Airbusno Airbus_nm Route_code Deprt_time Journey_hrs Flight_day1 Flight_day2

Data Type Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Varchar2 Char Char Number Number

Size (7) (5) (20) (7) (5) (5) (1) (1)

Constraints Primary Key FK, Not Null Not Null FK, Not Null Not Null Not Null Not Null

Description Flight Number Airbus Number Airbus name Flights Route code Departure Time Journey Hours Flight Day1 Flight Day2

10.) Table Name : ROUTE Description : This table Stores Route information.

Primary Key : Route_code Foreign Key : Sr No 1 2 3 4 Fields Constraints PK Not null Not null Not null Description Flights Route code Flights Route description Flights origin Flights destination

Data Type Size (7) (25) (15) (15)

Route_code Char Route_desc Varchar2 Origin Destination Varchar2 Varchar2

11.) Table Name : LOGIN Description : This table Stores Username and Password information. Primary Key : User_id Foreign Key : Sr Fields No 1 User_id 2 Password Data Type Varchar2 Varchar2 Size (15) (15) Constraints Primary key Not Null Description Username Password

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SCREEN LAYOUT
LOGIN FORM:-

This screen is used for data security purpose. The login screen is used for authentication purpose. The login screen asks the user to enter the username and password. When the system is installed then after the splash screen, in the login screen the user must be created first. The admin user only creates another user. In my system username and password must be 15 character. To enter in the system first user has to enter with following user name and password. User name: 123 Password: 123

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

MAIN SCREEN OF AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSETM :

The following screen is the main screen of my Airline Reservation System. From here the user can perform desire operations. Actually it is a menu-based screen so user can perform operations by selecting then from the menu or submenu. Depending on the type of user whether he or she is admin or other user the particular rights are given.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

BRANCH INFORMATION FORM :

The following form shows the branch information of Airline Reservation System. This form is used to show the information of branch, selecting for reserve ticket. This form is also used to process according to users choice on branch information table. In this form SAVE, UPDATE, DELETE,NEW, FIRST, NEXT, PREVIOUS, LAST AND EXIT following operations can be performed.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

SERVICE INFORMATION FORM :

The following form shows the Service Information of the system. This form is used to select any extra other services of the system. At a time only one service is used to reserve the ticket. In this form SAVE, UPDATE, DELETE,NEW,FIRST, NEXT, PREVIOUS, LAST, AND EXIT following operation can be performed.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

AIRBUS INFORMATION FORM :

This form shows the Airbus Information of the system. This form is used to shows the capacity of first class, business class , economic class and also the waiting list capacity of the first class, business class and economic class. When you press on save button after adding a record a fare information form will be opened to add fare information.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

FARE INFORMATION FORM :

This form shows the fare information of the system. In which route code is to be select and through route code fare can be shown. To add fare information in first class fare, business class fare and economic class fare information. In this form SAVE, UPDATE, DELETE, NEW, FIRST, NEXT, PREVIOUS, LAST, AND EXIT the following operations can be performed.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

FLIGHT INFORMATION FORM :

This form shows the flight information by particular flight no and flight date. This form automatically operate after reserving the ticket. If the ticket is confirmed then the record will be insert into the flight information, but whether the ticket is not confirmed then the record will not inserted into the flight information form. If two ticket is confirmed with same flight no and flight date and class then it will increment by 1 in booking seats. This form is used to show the flight information.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

FLIGHT SCHEDULE INFORMATION FORM :

This form shows the flight schedule information. This form used for the flight no and the name of the airbus. It is also used to show the departure time and journey hours of the flight. And it will also shows that in week in which day the flight is gone. Using the route code it will shows the departure time, journey hours flight day1 and flight day2 of that flight.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

CONTROL INFORMATION FORM :

This form shows the control information of the system. In which Air tax, bag limit and cancellation deduction will be displayed. Air tax will be directly calculate in reservation form. And cancellation deduction within 12, 6 and 3 days will directly calculate when you cancel the ticket and cancellation amount will be calculated. Air tax will be Rs.700 fixed for every flight.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

ROUTE INFORMATION FORM :

This form shows the route information of the flight. In this form route code, route description, origin and destination will be displayed. From where flights origin and the place where the flight is gone. In this form ADD, DELETE, UPDATE, SAVE, FIRST, NEXT, LAST, PREVIOUS, AND EXIT following operations will be performed.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

RSERVATION FORM :

This form is used to reserve ticket. This form shows the reservation information. PNR number is auto generate number. In this form ticket fare which will comes from the fare table. And when you select class its fare will insert into ticket fare. And for flight no press F1 key for flight list and service code. In total fare ticket fare, air tax and service fare will be calculated automatically. passenger information will be inserted and in passenger status if the status is confirm then the information of flight will be added in to flight information table, otherwise status is waiting then information will not be added into information table. In this form ADD, DELETE, UPDATE FIRST, NEXT, PREVIOUS, LAST, and EXIT following operation will be performed.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM CANCELLATION FORM :

This form is used to cancel the reserved ticket. When you press on add button small box is displayed like Enter PNR number: - and enter the pnr number from the reservation form. And if you press on save button and press yes then ticket is cancelled. In find button you enter pnr number of reserved ticket it display the message like NO SUCH PNR. In cancel amount field direct cancel amount will be calculated.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

RESERVATION REPORT :

This report shows the reservation report of the reservation ticket.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

CANCELLATION REPORT :

This report shows the cancellation report from the cancel ticket.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM FLIGHT INFORMATION BY BRANCH :

This report shows the flight information by branch.

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AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM

MODULE SPECIFICATION

1) Form Name

: frmlogin.frm

Purpose : This form gets validate the user. It is used to enter valid user into the system. It activates the AirReservationMDI. Table Used 2) Form Name : Login : frmreservation.frm

Purpose : This form used to Create New Reservation. It is also used to add customers personal information. Process according to users choice. Table Used Report 3) Form Name : Reservation,Route,Flight_sch,Branch,Contol, Fare,Airbus,Service : Reservation Report : frmAirbus.frm

Purpose : This form used for processing on AIRBUS table. Table Used 4) Form Name : Airbus : frmbranch.frm

Purpose : This form used to process according to users choice on to Branch table. Table Used Report 5) Form Name : Branch : Flight information by branch : frmcontrol.frm

Purpose : This form used to process according to users choice on cancellation deduction and Airtax. Table Used : Control

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6) Form Name

: frmfare.frm

Purpose : This form used to process according to users choice on Fare table. Table Used 7) Form Name : Fare : frmflight.frm

Purpose : This form used to find booking seats on particular flight by flight no and flight date. Table Used 8) Form Name : Reservation : frmservice.frm

Purpose : This form used to store extra other services according to users choice. Table Used 9) Form Name : Service : frmcancellation.frm

Purpose : This form used to cancelled reservation ticket. Table Used 10) Form Name : Reservation,Cancellation : frmroute.frm

Purpose : This form used for route information by origin and destination. Table Used 11) Form Name : Route : frmuser.frm

Purpose : This form used for add user, delete user and change password by only admin user. Table Used : Login

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TESTING PROCEDURE AND SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION PHASES

System testing is an important but critical part of system. Module testing involves the process of testing the logical units of program individually and integrating the individual modules, to test the overall system. The objective of module testing is to determine whether the module meets its specifications. In order to perform module testing two things are to be considered: the design of test cases and the coordination of the multiple modules. Test cases may be constructed from specification or by analyzing the module code. The testing strategies corresponding to tests two approaches are called as black box and white box testing. In black box testing the internal structure and behavior of the program is not considered. In white box testing the structure of the program is examined and test data are derived from the programs logic. In non-incremental approach testing modules independently and then combining them to the program without further testing test a program. In the incremental approach a module is tested in combinations with the set of previously tested modules. The testing plans areas that are to be tested. 1) Testing for data entry error: Incorrect data entry, leads to incorrect results. Sometimes it may creates run time errors. So data should be checked for validity. 2) Testing for basic principles: If all processing is in order but display of the screens is disorderly then that has to be rectified and such screen can confuse the user. User will be left wondering on the next actions to be taken. In some of the cases operator/user has the habit of certain key for particular option. In such cases users requirements are taken into consideration. E.g. press Escape for Exit. In some cases. I.e. Branch code, PNR no are auto generated.

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3)Testing for suitable error messages: If the error messages are not suitable phases or incorrect then there can be log off problems to the user who is nonprofessional wont be able to figure out what exactly the error is E.g. if the user has entered an incorrect airbus no and if the error messages displays invalid airbus no then that is an error. If user pressed ESCAPE key and if nothing happens then that is also an error. 3) Testing for suitable response time: In some cases, the results of a particular query may take out a lot of system resources and also a longer time to process. In such cases program logic has to be rewritten. In some cases changes have been made in table. One major factor, which has influenced the functionality of the system, is the valid data. As and when the master files were completed, the user added valid data and thus the expected results could also be verified. During testing I used incremental approach, black box testing and program instrumentation. These processes continue till the user is fully satisfied. The data are again tested and the reports are compared with the original ones that the system should produce. The testing is done when the original data for guarantee of the outputs before it is implemented.

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CONCLUSION
The Airline reservation system has been a way of minimizing the clerical work, which is almost a routine and consumes the most precious time. This AIRLINE RESERVATION SYSTEM has been an attempt to help the user to minimize his workload along with minimizing the paper works and saving of time. The system has been developed in a way to make it very user friendly. It provides an on-line message and an error detection and error messages every time the user needs. Any person having a little bit of window based can run this system without any pain. Almost all the difficulties of manual reservation have been removed by this system. Ti wind up let me welcome all the suggestions and other improvements, which the system needs so that it covers all the needs if the user in the user way.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

This refers to the books, which were gone through for completion of this project report. 1) System Analysis And Design - Senn 2) Software Engineering - Pressman 3) System Analysis And Design - Elias Award 4) Visual Basic 6.0 - Microsoft Press 5) System Analysis, Design And Introduction to Software Engineering - S. Parthasarathy - B. W. Khalakar

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