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A67_03 EDC MS 6_4

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System Description EDC MS 6.4 (VP 44)


2.1 2.2 2.3
2.3.1

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3 5 6
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General System Description of Distributor Injection Pump Schematic of Fuel Supply


Low-pressure Part

The fuel pressure generated by the vane cell pump in the discharge side depends on the rotational speed of the pump. To limit the pressure, there is a pressure control valve right next to the vane cell fuel pump and connected to the discharge side. The pretensioning of the pressure spring determines the opening pressure.
2.3.2 High-pressure Part

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HOCHDRUCK.BMP The radial plunger high-pressure pump produces the pressure (approx. 1000 bar) needed for injection. It is powered by the drive shaft.
2.3.3 Fuel Distribution with Distributor

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12

RUECKD.CDR
2.3.4 2.3.5 Injection Actuator Angle of Rotation Sensor

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19 22

2.4
2.4.1 2.4.2

Pump Control Unit


Purpose Pinning

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24 25

2.5
2.5.1 2.5.2 2.5.3 2.5.4 2.5.5

Engine Control Unit


General Engine Control Unit Connectors Cable Harness Connectors Pin Configuration Pinning of Engine Control Unit

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26 29 29 29 30 3.1

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2.6

Needle Travel Sensor

32

Connector pinning NBF.CDR The internal resistance of the needle travel sensor is 65 160 .
2.7 Engine Speed Sensor

32 32

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33

Circuit schematic Connector pinning


2.8
2.8.1

33 33
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34

Cooling Water Temperature Sensor


Measured Figures

2.9

Charge Air Pressure Sensor

35

LDF.BMP
2.9.1 Technical Data

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35

2.10

Pedal Value Sensor

35

Circuit schematic
2.11
2.11.1 2.11.2

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37
38 38

Proximity Switch
Proximity Switch Installation Proximity Switch Settings

2.12
2.12.1 2.12.2 2.12.3 2.12.4

Steering Column Control


Circuit Schematic Operation (Combined Steering Column Switch) Change Idling Speed Intermediate Speed Control (ZDR)

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40 41 42 43

2.13
2.13.1

FGB/FGR Switch
Circuit Schematic and Pinning

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49

2.14
2.14.1

Resistor Bank
Pinning

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50

3.2

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System Description EDC MS 6.4 (VP 44)


2.1 General
Needle travel sensor Charge air pressure Engine speed Water temperature.

O M

S U

Steering Column switch

T E S

FGB/FGR switch

Terminal 30

Terminal 15 Brake Speed

Engine control unit


Clutch

PWM

ISO diagnosis

Warning lamp Pedal value

i s s o n g i D a

t s e u q r e CAN bus

Exhaust brake

Exhaust brake Pump control unit

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The EDC version MS 6.4 with radial plunger distributor injection pump VP 44 is used in the D0834 (4-cylinder) and D0836 (6-cylinder) engines. This diesel injection system requires an engine control unit and a pump control unit for electronic regulation. This split role is necessary to prevent overheating of electronic components on the one hand, and to guard against interference caused by the in part very high currents (up to 20 A) in the injection pump.

The pump control unit detects internal sensor signals like angle of rotation and fuel temperature and evaluates them for matching injection timing. While the engine control unit processes all engine and environmental data picked up by external sensors and is then able to compute how the pump should be controlled.

The engine and pump control units exchange data on the CAN bus.

3.4

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A 6 7 _ 0 3 E D C M S 6 _ 4 . d o c Vane cell fuel pump Angle of rotation sensor Pump control unit

D e s i g n

2 . 2 S y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n o f D i s t r i b u t o r I n j e c t i o n P u m p

Radial plunger high-pressure pump with distributor shaft and outlet valve (pressure valve)

I njection actuator and injection actuator


Solenoid valve (timing valve)

High-pressure solenoid valve with valve needle

3 . 5

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2.3 Schematic of Fuel Supply


Injection nozzles

Leakage oil tube d = 4 Flame glow p = 1 bar d = 4 mm p=p


min

-0.2 bar d=7 mm

Solenoid

p=2.5 bar d=7 mm

Leakage oil from Prefeeder pump p = 2.5-3 bar Overflow

To solenoid valve Intake M 10 x 1

Prefilter

M 12 x 1.5

-0.2 to +0.3 bar

From tank Control unit schematic To tank


Source 51.12000. 8019

Fuel supply

A mechanical gear pump, the prefeeder, draws fuel from the tank through the prefilter and the filter(s) to the control unit. The lead pressure is > 2.5 bar. The control unit is set up on the distributor injection pump. It includes a pressure regulator that reduces the lead pressure to distributor injection pump unpressurized. The overflow valve for fuel return is also part of the control unit.
+

0.2 bar so that the fuel enters the

3.6

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2.3.1 Low-pressure Part

Overflow throttle valve

Pressure valve

Vane cell fuel pump [turned 90 for clearer presentation]


o

The low-pressure part produces sufficient fuel for the high-pressure part. More fuel is fed than is required for injection. The excess fuel flowing back to the tank cools the injection pump and removes bubbles of air.

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3.7

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2.3.1.1 Vane Cell Fuel Pump

Discharge side

Drive shaft

Cell Flywheel

Vane Inlet side

The radial plunger distributor injection pump incorporates the vane cell pump for feeding the fuel. The flywheel powered by the drive shaft is held in a ring. This flywheel bears the vanes, which are pressed outwards against the ring by the centrifugal force. The fuel entering the case without lead pressure by way of the inlet is transported to the discharge side by the turning of the flywheel.

3.8

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2.3.1.2 Pressure Control Valve

The fuel pressure generated by the vane cell pump in the discharge side depends on the rotational speed of the pump. To limit the pressure, there is a pressure control valve right next to the vane cell fuel pump and
Pressure spring

connected to the discharge side.


Valve piston

The pretensioning of the pressure spring


To inlet side

determines the opening pressure.


Hole

From discharge side

2.3.1.3 Overflow Throttle Valve

To cool and ventilate the distributor injection pump, fuel flows through the overflow throttle valve and back to the fuel tank.
Pressure spring

The spring-loaded ball valve opens at a preset pressure.

Ball valve

In the side channel to the ball valve there is a throttle


To overflow

hole of very small diameter. This throttled link simplifies automatic ventilation of the pump. The total low-pressure circuit of the
Throttle hole

pump is attuned so that a small amount of fuel is always able to flow back to the fuel tank by way of the pump overflow.

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3.9

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2.3.2 High-pressure Part

Distributor

Radial plunger high-pressure pump [turned 90


o

High-pressure solenoid valve Snubber valve

HOCHDRUCK.BMP

The high-pressure part is responsible for generating high pressure, distributing fuel and metering fuel together with control of port closing.

3.10

A67_03 EDC MS 6_4.doc

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3/9/2009