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HP StorageWorks XP Disk Array Configuration Guide for IBM AIX XP24000, XP20000, XP12000, XP10000, SVS 200

Part number: A595196048 Tenth edition: September 2007

Legal and notice information Copyright 2003, 2007 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Confidential computer software. Valid license from HP required for possession, use or copying. Consistent with FAR 12.211 and 12.212, Commercial Computer Software, Computer Software Documentation, and Technical Data for Commercial Items are licensed to the U.S. Government under vendor's standard commercial license. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein. Microsoft, Windows, Windows XP, and Windows NT are U.S. registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Oracle is a registered US trademark of Oracle Corporation, Redwood City, California.

Contents
About this guide ................................................................................... 7
Intended audience ...................................................................................................................... Related documentation ................................................................................................................ Document conventions and symbols ............................................................................................... Conventions for storage capacity values ........................................................................................ Graphical interface illustrations ..................................................................................................... HP technical support ................................................................................................................... Subscription service .................................................................................................................... HP websites ............................................................................................................................... Documentation feedback ............................................................................................................. 7 7 7 8 9 9 9 9 9

1 Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array ............................... 11


Features and requirements ......................................................................................................... Fibre Channel interface ............................................................................................................. Device emulation types .............................................................................................................. Failover ................................................................................................................................... SNMP configuration .................................................................................................................. XP RAID Manager command devices .......................................................................................... Installation roadmap ................................................................................................................. Installing and configuring the disk array ...................................................................................... Setting the host mode and host group mode for the disk array ports .......................................... Setting the System Option Modes ......................................................................................... Configuring the Fibre Channel ports ..................................................................................... Fibre address .............................................................................................................. Fabric and connection parameter settings ....................................................................... Installing and configuring the host ............................................................................................... Loading the operating system and software ........................................................................... Installing and configuring the FCAs ..................................................................................... Clustering and fabric zoning ................................................................................................ Fabric zoning and LUN security for multiple operating systems ................................................. Connecting the disk array .......................................................................................................... Defining the paths .............................................................................................................. Verifying host recognition of disk array devices ...................................................................... Configuring disk array devices ................................................................................................... Changing the device parameters .......................................................................................... Assigning the new devices to volume groups .......................................................................... Creating the Journaled File Systems ...................................................................................... Mounting and verifying the file systems ................................................................................. 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 18 18 19 19 20 20 22 25 27

2 Troubleshooting ............................................................................... 29
Error conditions ........................................................................................................................ Calling the HP support center ..................................................................................................... Contact information ............................................................................................................ Before you call ................................................................................................................... 29 30 30 30

XP Disk Array Configuration Guide for IBM AIX

A Path worksheet ................................................................................ 31


Worksheet ............................................................................................................................... 31

B Disk array supported emulations ........................................................ 33


Supported emulations ................................................................................................................ Emulation specifications ............................................................................................................. Disk parameters by emulation type .............................................................................................. Byte information table ............................................................................................................... Physical partition size table ........................................................................................................ 33 34 36 44 45

Glossary ............................................................................................ 47 Index ................................................................................................. 51

Figures
1..SNMP configuration ............................................................................................... 13 2..Point-to-point fabric topology example ....................................................................... 16 3..Multi-cluster environment .......................................................................................... 18

XP Disk Array Configuration Guide for IBM AIX

Tables
1..Document conventions ............................................................................................... 7 2..Host group mode (option) ........................................................................................ 15 3..Fabric topology settings ........................................................................................... 16 4..Fabric zoning and LUN security settings ..................................................................... 18 5..Device parameters-read/write timeout and queue type ................................................ 20 6..Device parameters-queue depth ................................................................................ 20 7..Error conditions ...................................................................................................... 29 8..Path worksheet ....................................................................................................... 31 9..Supported emulations ............................................................................................. 33 10..Emulation specifications ........................................................................................... 34 11..OPEN-3 parameters by emulation type ...................................................................... 36 12..OPEN-8 parameters by emulation type ...................................................................... 38 13..OPEN-9 parameters by emulation type ...................................................................... 40 14..OPEN-E parameters by emulation type ...................................................................... 41 15..Byte information ..................................................................................................... 44 16..Physical partition size .............................................................................................. 45

About this guide


This guide provides information about: Requirements and procedures for connecting an XP disk array or the SVS 200 to a host system Configuring the disk array for use with the IBM AIX operating system

Intended audience
This guide is intended for system administrators with knowledge of: The host hardware IBM AIX operating system XP disk arrays and/or the SVS 200

Related documentation
The following documents provide related information: HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks HP StorageWorks User's Guide XP10000 Disk Array: Owner's Guide XP12000 Disk Array: Owner's Guide XP20000 Disk Array: Owner's Guide XP24000 Disk Array: Owner's Guide 200 Storage Virtualization System: Owner's Guide XP LUN Manager User's Guide SAN Design Reference Guide XP Command View Advanced Edition Software Device Manager Web Client

You can find these documents from the Manuals page of the HP Business Support Center website: http://www.hp.com/support/manuals In the Storage section, click Disk Storage Systems and then select your product.

Document conventions and symbols


Table 1 Document conventions Convention
Blue text: Table 1 Blue, underlined text: http://www.hp.com Bold text

Element
Cross-reference links and e-mail addresses Website addresses Keys that are pressed

XP Disk Array Configuration Guide for IBM AIX

Convention

Element
Text typed into a GUI element, such as a box GUI elements that are clicked or selected, such as menu and list items, buttons, tabs, and check boxes

Italic text Monospace text

Text emphasis File and directory names System output Code Commands, their arguments, and argument values

Monospace, italic

text

Code variables Command variables

Monospace, bold

text

Emphasized monospace text

CAUTION: Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or data.

IMPORTANT: Provides clarifying information or specific instructions.

NOTE: Provides additional information.

TIP: Provides helpful hints and shortcuts.

Conventions for storage capacity values


HP XP storage systems use the following values to calculate physical storage capacity values (hard disk drives): 1 KB (kilobyte) = 1,000 bytes 1 MB (megabyte) = 1,0002 bytes 1 GB (gigabyte) = 1,0003 bytes 1 TB (terabyte) = 1,0004 bytes HP XP storage systems use the following values to calculate logical storage capacity values (logical devices):

About this guide

1 KB (kilobyte) = 1,024 bytes 1 MB (megabyte) = 1,0242 bytes 1 GB (gigabyte) = 1,0243 bytes 1 TB (terabyte) = 1,0244 bytes 1 block = 512 bytes

Graphical interface illustrations


The GUI illustrations in this guide were created using a Windows computer with the Internet Explorer browser. Actual windows may differ depending on the operating system and browser used. GUI contents also vary with licensed program products, storage system models, and firmware versions.

HP technical support
For worldwide technical support information, see the HP support website: http://www.hp.com/support Before contacting HP, collect the following information: Product model names and numbers Technical support registration number (if applicable) Product serial numbers Error messages Operating system type and revision level Detailed questions

Subscription service
HP recommends that you register your product at the Subscriber's Choice for Business website: http://www.hp.com/go/e-updates After registering, you will receive e-mail notification of product enhancements, new driver versions, firmware updates, and other product resources.

HP websites
For additional information, see the following HP websites: http://www.hp.com http://www.hp.com/go/storage http://www.hp.com/service_locator http://www.hp.com/support/manuals

Documentation feedback
HP welcomes your feedback.

XP Disk Array Configuration Guide for IBM AIX

To make comments and suggestions about product documentation, please send a message to storagedocsFeedback@hp.com. All submissions become the property of HP.

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About this guide

1 Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array


You and your HP service representative each play a role in installation. Your HP service representative is responsible for installing the disk array and formatting the disk devices. You are responsible for configuring the host server for the new devices with assistance from your HP service representative.

Features and requirements


Ask your HP service representative about the latest supported hardware and software. The disk array has the following features: Storage capacity: The capacity for each model is listed below: XP10000: Up to 240 drives for up to 69.2 TB, 48 FC ports XP12000: Up to 1152 drives for up to 332 TB, 128 FC ports XP20000: Up to 240 drives for up to 69.2 TB, 48 FC ports XP24000: Up to 1152 drives for up to 332 TB, 256 FC ports SVS 200: Up to 127 TB of external storage, 48 FC ports Server support: IBM RS/6000 series, POWERstation, POWERserver, or SP series. Check with your HP representative for the servers and Fibre Channel adapters supported by your XP disk arrays. Operating system support: Check with your HP representative for the current OS versions supported by your XP disk array Before installing the disk array, ensure the following requirements are met: Superuser access: Make sure you have superuser (root) access Fibre Channel Adapter (FCAs): Install FCAs and all utilities and drivers. Refer to the adapter documentation for installation details (Recommended) HP StorageWorks XP Remote Web Console, HP StorageWorks XP Command View Advanced Edition Software or HP StorageWorks XP Command View with LUN management feature for configuring disk array ports and paths (Recommended) HP StorageWorks XP Array Manager (Optional) Check with your HP representative for other XP software available for your system.

Fibre Channel interface


The XP family of disk arrays and the SVS 200 support these Fibre Channel elements: Connection speeds of 1 Gbps, 2 Gbps, and 4 Gbps Short-wave non-OFC (open fiber control) optical interface Multimode optical cables with SC or LC connectors Public or private arbitrated loop (FC-AL) or direct fabric attach

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Fibre Channel switches Even though the interface is Fibre Channel, this guide uses the term SCSI disk because disk array devices are defined to the host as SCSI disks.

Device emulation types


The XP family of disk arrays and the SVS 200 support these device emulation types: OPEN-x devices: OPEN-x logical units represent disk devices. Except for OPEN-V, these devices are based on fixed sizes. OPEN-V is a user-defined size based on a CVS device. Supported emulations include OPEN-3, OPEN-8, OPEN-9, OPEN-E, OPEN-L, and OPEN-V devices. LUSE devices (OPEN-x*n): Logical Unit Size Expansion (LUSE) devices combine 2 to 36 OPEN-x devices to create expanded LDEVs larger than standard OPEN-x disk devices. For example, an OPEN-x LUSE volume created from ten OPEN-x volumes is designated as OPEN-x*10. CVS devices (OPEN-x CVS): Volume Size Configuration (VSC) defines custom volumes (CVS) that are smaller than normal fixed-sized logical disk devices (volumes). (OPEN-V is a CVS-based custom disk size that you determine. OPEN-L does not support CVS.) Although OPEN-V is a CVS-based device, the product name in the SCSI inquiry string is OPEN-V opposed to the fixed size OPEN-[389E] devices that appear as OPEN-x-CVS. LUSE (expanded) CVS devices (OPEN-x*n CVS): LUSE CVS combines CVS devices to create an expanded device. This is done by first creating CVS custom-sized devices and then using LUSE to combine from 2 to 36 CVS devices. For example, if three OPEN-9 CVS volumes are combined to create an expanded device, this device is designated as OPEN-9*3-CVS. OPEN-V devices are designated as OPEN-V*n (without CVS). NOTE: For the SVS 200, and the XP24000/XP20000/XP12000/XP10000 when connected to external storage devices, HP recommends using OPEN-V as the emulation the array makes visible to the host. This allows configuration of external storage LDEVs without losing data. Using any other emulation may cause data loss in the external storage LUNs. For new deployments, OPEN-V should be chosen because some features (such as XP Snapshot or Continuous Access Journal) are only supported with OPEN-V. Refer to Table 10 on page 34 for detailed information.

Failover
The disk arrays support many standard software products that provide host, application, or I/O path failover and management.

SNMP configuration
The XP family of disk arrays and the SVS 200 support standard Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) for remotely managing arrays. The SNMP agent on the service processor (SVP) performs error-reporting operations requested by the SNMP manager. SNMP properties are usually set from the SVP but they can also be set remotely using XP Remote Web Console, XP Command View (XP arrays only), or XP Command View Advanced Edition Software. Refer to the applicable user's guide for procedures.

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Figure 1 SNMP configuration

XP RAID Manager command devices


HP StorageWorks XP RAID Manager manages HP StorageWorks XP Business Copy Software or HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Access Software operations from a host server. To use XP RAID Manager you must designate at least one LDEV as a command device. This can be done with XP Remote Web Console, XP Command View (XP arrays only), or XP Command View Advanced Edition Software to . Refer to the applicable user guide for information about how to designate a command device.

Installation roadmap
Perform the following actions to install and configure the disk array: 1. Installing and configuring the disk array Setting the host mode and host group mode Setting the System Option Modes Configuring the Fibre Channel ports Installing and configuring the host Loading the operating system and software Installing and configuring the FCAs Clustering and fabric zoning Fabric zoning and LUN security for multiple operating systems Connecting the disk array Defining the paths Verifying host recognition of disk array devices Configuring disk array devices Changing the device parameters Assigning the new devices to volume groups Creating the Journaled File Systems Mounting and verifying the file systems

2.

3.

4.

Installing and configuring the disk array


The HP service representative performs these tasks: Assembling hardware and installing software Loading the microcode updates

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Installing and formatting devices After these tasks are finished, you will use XP Remote Web Console, XP Command View (XP arrays only), XP Command View Advanced Edition Software, or XP Array Manager to complete the remaining tasks listed below. If you do not have these programs, your HP service representative can perform these tasks for you.

Setting the host mode and host group mode for the disk array ports
After the disk array is installed, you must set the host mode for each disk array port to match the host OS. Set the host mode using LUN Manager in XP Remote Web Console (shown), XP Command View (XP arrays only), or XP Command View Advanced Edition Software. If these are not available, the HP service representative can set the host mode using the SVP. The host mode for AIX is 0F.

CAUTION: The correct host mode must be set for all new installations (newly connected ports) to AIX hosts. Do not select a mode other than 0F for AIX. Changing a host mode after the host has been connected is disruptive and requires the server to be rebooted. When a new host group is added, additional host group modes (options) may be configured. The storage administrator must verify if an additional host group mode is required for the host group.

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Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array

The following host group mode is available for AIX: Table 2 Host group mode (option) Host Group Mode
2

Function
Veritas Storage Foundation for Oracle RAC, DBE+RAC Database Edition/Advanced Cluster for Real Application Clusters or if Veritas Cluster Server 4.0 or later with I/O fencing function is used.

Default
Inactive

Comments
Previously MODE186 Do not apply this option to Sun Cluster.

CAUTION: Changing host group modes for ports where servers are already installed and configured is disruptive and requires the server to be rebooted.

Setting the System Option Modes


The HP service representative sets the System Option Mode(s) based on the operating system and software configuration of the host. Notify your HP representative if you install storage agnostic software (such as backup or cluster software) that may require specific settings.

Configuring the Fibre Channel ports


Configure the disk array Fibre Channel ports by using XP Remote Web Console (shown), XP Command View (XP arrays only), or XP Command View Advanced Edition Software. Select the settings for each port based on your storage area network topology. Use switch zoning if you connect different types of hosts to the array through the same switch.

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Fibre address
In fabric environments, the port addresses are assigned automatically. In arbitrated loop environments, set the port addresses by selecting a unique arbitrated loop physical address (AL-PA) or loop ID for each port. For specific values, refer to the HP StorageWorks XP LUN Manager User's Guide applicable to your array.

Fabric and connection parameter settings


Set each array port to FABRIC ON or OFF with connections of POINT-TO-POINT or FC-AL as shown in the following figure and table. For detailed topology information, refer to the HP StorageWorks SAN Design Reference Guide at: http://www.hp.com/go/sandesign.

Figure 2 Point-to-point fabric topology example Table 3 Fabric topology settings Fabric Parameter
ON

Connection Parameter
FC-AL

Provides
Not supported

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Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array

Fabric Parameter
ON OFF OFF

Connection Parameter
Point-to-Point FC-AL Point-to-Point

Provides
F-port (fabric port) NL-port (private arbitrated loop) Not supported

Installing and configuring the host


This section explains how to install and configure Fibre Channel adapters (FCAs) that connect the host to the disk array.

Loading the operating system and software


Follow the manufacturer's instructions to load the operating system and software onto the host. Load all OS patches and configuration utilities supported by HP and the FCA manufacturer.

Installing and configuring the FCAs


Install and configure the host bus adapters using the FCA manufacturer's instructions.

Clustering and fabric zoning


If you plan to use clustering, install and configure the clustering software on the servers. Clustering is the organization of multiple servers into groups. Within a cluster, each server is a node. Multiple clusters compose a multi-cluster environment. The following example shows a multi-cluster environment with three clusters, each containing two nodes. The nodes share access to the disk array.

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Figure 3 Multi-cluster environment Within the Storage Area Network (SAN), the clusters may be homogeneous (all the same operating system) or they may be heterogeneous (mixed operating systems). How you configure LUN security and fabric zoning depends on the operating system mix and the SAN configuration.

Fabric zoning and LUN security for multiple operating systems


You can connect multiple clusters of various operating systems to the same switch and fabric using appropriate zoning and LUN security as follows: Storage port zones may overlap if more than one operating system needs to share an array port. Heterogeneous operating systems may share an XP array port if you use Secure Manager and set the appropriate host group and mode. All others must connect to a dedicated XP array port. Use Secure Manager for LUN isolation when multiple hosts connect through a shared array port. Secure Manager provides LUN security by allowing you to restrict which LUNs each host can access. Table 4 Fabric zoning and LUN security settings Environment
Standalone SAN (non-clustered) Clustered SAN Multi-Cluster SAN

OS Mix
homogeneous (a single OS type present in the SAN) heterogeneous (more than one OS type present in the SAN)

Fabric Zoning
Not required Required

LUN Security
Must be used when multiple hosts or cluster nodes connect through a shared port

Connecting the disk array


The HP service representative connects the disk array to the host by: 1. 2. 3. Verifying operational status of the disk array channel adapters, LDEVs, and paths. Connecting the Fibre Channel cables between the disk array and the fabric switch or host. Verifying the ready status of the disk array and peripherals.

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Defining the paths


Use XP Remote Web Console (shown), XP Command View (XP arrays only), or XP Command View Advanced Edition Software to define paths (LUNs) between hosts and volumes in the disk array. This process is also called LUN mapping. In XP Remote Web Console and XP Command View, LUN mapping includes: Configuring ports Enabling LUN security on the ports Creating host groups Assigning Fibre Channel adapter WWNs to host groups Mapping volumes (LDEVs) to host groups (by assigning LUNs)

In XP Command View Advanced Edition Software, LUN mapping includes: Configuring ports Creating storage groups Mapping volumes and WWN/host access permissions to the storage groups For details see HP StorageWorks XP LUN Manager User's Guide or HP StorageWorks XP Command View Advanced Edition Software Device Manager Web Client User's Guide. Note the LUNs and their ports, WWNs, nicknames, and LDEVs for later use in verifying host and device configuration.

Verifying host recognition of disk array devices


1. 2. 3. Log into the host as an administrator (root). If the disk array LUNs are defined after the IBM system is powered on, issue a cfgmgr command to recognize the new devices. Use the lsdev command to display system device data and verify that the system recognizes the newly installed devices. The devices are listed by device file name. All new devices should be listed as Available. If they are listed as Define, you must do more configuration before they can be used. Example

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#lsdev -Cc disk hdisk0 Available 10-60-00-5, 0 16 Bit SCSI Disk Drive hdisk1 Available 10-60-00-6, 0 16 Bit SCSI Disk Drive

The example shows that Device hdisk0 is installed on bus 60 and has TID=5 and LUN=0. 4. 5. Record the device file names for the new devices. You will use this information in changing the device parameters. Use the lscfg command to find out the AIX disk device's corresponding array LDEV designation. Example
# lscfg vl hdisk3

In this example, the emulation type, LDEV number, CU number and array port designation should all be displayed for disk device hdisk3.

Configuring disk array devices


Disks in the disk array are configured using the same procedure for configuring any new disk on the host. This includes the following procedures: Changing the device parameters Assigning the new devices to volume groups Creating the Journaled File Systems Mounting and verifying the file systems

Creating scripts to configure all devices at once may save you considerable time.

Changing the device parameters


When the device files are created, the system sets the device parameters to the system default values. You may need to change a few of those values for each new OPEN-x device: See Table 5 and Table 6. Read/write (R/W) timeout value Queue depth Queue type Table 5 Device parameters-read/write timeout and queue type Parameter
Read/write timeout Queue type

Default Value
30 None

Required Value
60 Simple

Table 6 Device parameters-queue depth Parameter


Queue depth per LU Queue depth per port (MAXTAGS)

Recommended Value
32 1024

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Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array

The recommended queue depth settings may not provide the best I/O performance for your system. You can adjust the queue depth setting to optimize the I/O performance of the disk array.

Displaying the device parameters using the AIX command line


At the command line prompt, enter lsattr -E -l hdiskx, where hdiskx is the device file name. Example
# lsattr E -l hdisk2

Changing the device parameters using the AIX command line


1. To change the R/W timeout parameter, enter: chdev 1 hdiskx a rw_timeout='60' 2. To change the queue depth parameter, enter: chdev l hdiskx a queue_depth='x'. where x is a value from the above table. 3. To change the queue type parameter, enter: chdev l hdiskx a q_type='simple' Example
# chdev l hdisk3 a queue_depth='2'

This changes the queue depth for device hdisk3. 4. Verify that the parameters for all devices were successfully changed. Example
# lsattr E l hdisk3

5.

Repeat these steps for each OPEN-x device on the disk array. TIP: The lsattr command also shows other useful information, such as LUN ID of the mapped LDEV, worldwide name of the disk array FC port, and N-Port ID. Another useful command for determining the slot position and port worldwide name of the FCA is the lscfg v l hdiskx command.

Changing the device parameters using SMIT


1. 2. Start SMIT. (Optional) For an ASCII session, use the smit C command. Select Devices. Example

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System Management Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Software Installation and Maintenance Software License Management Devices System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage) Security & Users Communications Applications and Services Print Spooling Problem Determination Performance & Resource Scheduling System Environments Processes & Subsystems Applications Using SMIT (information only)

3. 4. 5. 6.

Select Fixed Disk. Select Change/Show Characteristics of a Disk. Select the desired device from the Disk menu. The Change/Show Characteristics of a Disk screen for that device is displayed. Enter the correct values for the read/write timeout value, queue depth, and queue type parameters. Press Enter to complete the parameter changes. Example
Change/Show Characteristics of a Disk Type or select values in entry fields. Press Enter AFTER making all desired changes. [MORE...4] Status Location Parent adapter Connection address Physical volume IDENTIFIER ASSIGN physical volume identifier Queue DEPTH Queuing TYPE Use QERR Bit Device CLEARS its Queue on Error READ/WRITE time out value START unit time out value REASSIGN time out value APPLY change to DATABASE only

no [2] [simple] [yes] [no] [60] [60] [120] no

7.

Repeat these steps for each OPEN-x device on the disk array.

Assigning the new devices to volume groups


Assign the new devices to volume groups using the AIX system's Logical Volume Manager (accessed from within SMIT). This operation is not required when the volumes are used as raw devices.

Assigning a device to a volume group


1. Start SMIT. (Optional) For an ASCII session, use the smit C command.

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2.

Select System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage). Example


System Management Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Software Installation and Maintenance Software License Management Devices System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage) Security & Users Communications Applications and Services Print Spooling Problem Determination Performance & Resource Scheduling System Environments Processes & Subsystems Applications Using SMIT (information only)

3.

Select Logical Volume Manager. Example


System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage) Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Logical Volume Manager File Systems Files & Directories Removable Disk Management System Backup Manager

*1

4.

Select Volume Groups. Example


Logical Volume Manager Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Volume Groups Logical Volumes Physical Volumes Paging Space

5.

Select Add a Volume Group. Example


Volume Groups Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. List All Volume Groups Add a Volume Group Set Characteristics of a Volume Group List Contents of a Volume Group Remove a Volume Group Activate a Volume Group Deactivate a Volume Group

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Import a Volume Group Export a Volume Group Mirror a Volume Group *1 Unmirror a Volume Group *1 Synchronize LVM Mirrors *1 Back Up a Volume Group Remake a Volume Group List Files in a Volume Group Backup Restore Files in a Volume Group Backup

6.

Enter or select values for the following fields: Volume Group name (the volume group can contain multiple hdisk devices) Physical partition size in megabytes, see Physical partition size table on page 45 Physical Volume names To enter values, place the cursor in the field and type the value. To select values, place the cursor in the field and press F4. Example
Type or select values in entry fields. Press Enter AFTER making all desired changes. [Entry Fields] VOLUME GROUP name Physical partition SIZE in megabytes PHYSICAL VOLUME names Activate volume group AUTOMATICALLY at system restart? Volume Group MAJOR NUMBER [vg01] 4 [hdisk1] yes []

7.

Enter yes or no in the Activate volume group AUTOMATICALLY at system restart? field. If you are not using HACMP (High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing) or HAGEO (High Availability Geographic), enter yes. If you are using HACMP and/or HAGEO, enter no.

8.

Press Enter when you have entered the values. The confirmation screen appears. Example
ARE YOU SURE? Continuing may delete information you may want to keep. This is your last chance to stop before continuing. Press Enter to continue. Press Cancel to return to the applications.

9.

Press Enter again. The Command Status screen appears. To ensure the devices have been assigned to a volume group, wait for OK to appear on the Command Status line.

10. Repeat these steps for each volume group needed.

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Creating the Journaled File Systems


Create the Journaled File Systems using the System Manager Information Tool (SMIT). This operation is not required when the volumes are used as raw devices. The largest file system permitted in AIX is 64 GB. 1. 2. Start SMIT. Select System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage). Example
System Management Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Software Installation and Maintenance Software License Management Devices System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage) Security & Users Communications Applications and Services Print Spooling Problem Determination Performance & Resource Scheduling System Environments Processes & Subsystems Applications Using SMIT (information only)

3.

Select File Systems. Example


System Storage Management (Physical & Logical Storage) Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Logical Volume Manager File Systems Files & Directories Removable Disk Management System Backup Manager

*1

4.

Select Add / Change / Show / Delete File Systems . Example


File Systems Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. List All File Systems List All Mounted File Systems Add / Change / Show / Delete File Systems Mount a File System Mount a Group of File Systems Unmount a File System Unmount a Group of File Systems Verify a File System Backup a File System Restore a File System

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5.

Select Journaled File System. Example


Add / Change / Show / Delete File Systems Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Journaled File Systems CDROM File Systems Network File System (NFS) Cache Fs *1

6.

Select Add a Journaled File System Example


Journaled File System Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Add a Journaled File System Add a Journaled File System on a Previously Defined Logical Volume Change / Show Characteristics of a Journaled File System Remove a Journaled File System Defragment a Journaled File System

7.

Select Add a Standard Journaled File System. Example


Add a Journaled File System Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. Add a Standard Journaled File System Add a Compressed Journaled File System Add a Large File Enabled Journaled File System

8.

Select a volume group, and press Enter. Example


Volume Group Name Move cursor to desired item and press Enter. rootvg vg01

9.

Enter values for the following fields: SIZE of file system (in 512-byte blocks). Enter the lsvg command to display the number of free physical partitions and physical partition size. Calculate the maximum size of the file system as follows: (FREE PPs - 1) x (PP SIZE) x 2048 Mount Point: Enter mount point name. (Make a list of the mount point names for reference.) Mount AUTOMATICALLY at system restart? Enter yes. CAUTION: In high availability systems (HACMP and/or HAGEO), enter no.

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Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array

Number of bytes per node. Enter the number of bytes appropriate for the application, or use the default value. Example
Add a Journaled File System Type or select values in entry fields. Press Enter AFTER making all desired changes. [Entry Fields] Volume group name SIZE of file system (in 512-byte blocks) MOUNT POINT Mount AUTOMATICALLY at system restart? PERMISSIONS Mount OPTIONS Start Disk Accounting? Fragment Size (bytes) Number of bytes per inode Compression algorithm Allocation Group Size (Mbytes) vg01 [4792320] [VG01] no read/write [] no 4096 4096 no *1

10. Press Enterto create the Journaled File System. The Command Status screen appears. Wait for OK to appear on the Command Status line. 11. To continue creating Journaled File Systems, press the F3 screen. key until you return to the Add a Journaled File System screen. Repeat steps 2 through 10 for each Journaled File System to be created. 12. To exit SMIT, press the F10 key.

Mounting and verifying the file systems


Mount the file systems and verify that the file systems were created correctly and are functioning properly. 1. Mount the file system. Enter: mount mount_point_name Example
# mount /vg01

2. 3.

Repeat step 1 for each new file system. Use the df command to verify the size of the file systems. The capacity is listed in 512-byte blocks. To list capacity in 1024-byte blocks, use the df k command. Example
# df File system 512-blocks /dev/hd4 8192 /dev/hd2 1024000 /dev/hd9var 8192 /dev/hd3 24576

free %Used Iused %Iused Mounted on 3176 61% 652 31% / 551448 46% 6997 5% /usr 5512 32% 66 6% /var 11608 52% 38 0% /tmp

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27

/dev/hd1 /dev/lv00 /dev/lv01 /dev/lv02

8192 7840 4792320 4602128 4792320 4602128 14401536 13949392

4% 4% 4% 4%

17 16 16 16

1% 1% 1% 1%

/home /VG00 (OPEN-3) /VG01 (OPEN-3) /VG02 (OPEN-9)

4.

Verify that the file system is usable by performing some basic operations (for example, file creation, copying, and deletion) on each logical device. Example
# cd /hp00 # cp /smit.log /hp00/smit.log.back1 # ls -l hp00 rw-rw-rw1 root system 375982 Nov 30 17:25 smit.log.back1 # cp smit.log.back1 smit.log.back2 # ls -l -rw-rw-rw1 root system 375982 Nov 30 17:25 smit.log.back1 -rw-rw-rw1 root system 375982 Nov 30 17:28 smit.log.back2 # rm smit.log.back1 # rm smit.log.back2

5.

Use the df command to verify that the file systems have successfully automounted after a reboot. Any file systems that were not automounted can be set to automount using the SMIT Change a Journaled File System screen. If you are using HACMP or HAGEO, do not set the file systems to automount. Example
# df File system 512-blocks free %Used Iused %Iused Mounted on /dev/hd4 8192 3176 61% 652 31% / /dev/hd2 1024000 551448 46% 6997 5% /usr /dev/hd9var 8192 5512 32% 66 6% /var /dev/hd3 24576 11608 52% 38 0% /tmp /dev/hd1 8192 7840 4% 17 1% /home /dev/lv00 4792320 4602128 4% 16 1% /hp00 /dev/lv01 4792320 4602128 4% 16 1% /hp01 /dev/lv02 14401536 13949392 4% 16 1% /hp02

HACMP and HAGEO do not provide a complete disaster recovery or backup solution and are not a replacement for standard disaster recovery planning and backup/recovery methodology.

28

Installing and configuring AIX for the XP disk array

2 Troubleshooting
This section includes resolutions for various error conditions you may encounter. If you are unable to resolve an error condition, ask your HP support representative for assistance. See Calling the HP support center on page 30.

Error conditions
Depending on your system configuration, you may be able to view error messages (R-SIMS) as follows: In XP Remote Web Console (Status tab) In XP Command View Advanced Edition Software (Alerts window) In XP Command View (Event History or Event Notification windows) (XP arrays only) Table 7 Error conditions Error condition
The logical devices are not recognized by the host.

Recommended action
Verify the following: The READY indicator lights on the disk array are ON. Fiber cables are correctly installed and firmly connected. The target IDs are properly configured. The LUNs for each TID must start at 0 and continue sequentially without skipping any numbers. The TIDs/WWNs on each bus are unique. Do not install two devices with the same ID on the same bus. Recheck the buses for new devices. LUSE devices are not intermixed with normal LUNs on the same port. The maximum number of LUSE devices per port has not been exceeded. The disk array host mode is set correctly.

The host does not reboot properly after hard shutdown.

If you power off the host without executing the shutdown process, wait three minutes to allow the disk array's internal timeout process to purge queued commands. If the host restarts while the disk array is processing queued commands, the host may not reboot successfully. Verify that the disk array logical devices are correctly formatted. Verify that the volume capacity for OPEN-x volumes is not greater than the maximum capacity allowed. See Disk array supported emulations on page 33. Verify that the capacity of the volume group is not less than the total capacity of the partitioned logical volume.

Physical volumes cannot be created. Logical volumes cannot be created.

A file system is not mounted after rebooting.

Verify that the host was restarted correctly. Verify that the file system attributes are correct.

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Error condition
The disk array performs a self reboot because the disk array was busy or it logged a panic message. The disk array responds Not Ready or the disk array has displayed Not Ready and timed out. The host detects a parity error. The host hangs or devices are declared and the host hangs.

Recommended action
Reboot the host.

Contact HP.

Check the FCA and make sure it was installed properly. Reboot the host. Make sure there are no duplicate disk array TIDs and that disk array TIDs do not conflict with any host TIDs.

Calling the HP support center


If you are unable to resolve an error condition, contact the HP support center for assistance.

Contact information
Telephone numbers for worldwide technical support are listed on the HP support web site: http://www.hp.com/support/.

Before you call


Be sure to have the following information available: Technical support registration number (if applicable) Product serial numbers Product model names and numbers Applicable error messages Operating system type and revision level Detailed, specific questions

For continuous quality improvement, calls may be recorded or monitored.

30

Troubleshooting

A Path worksheet
Worksheet
Table 8 Path worksheet LDEV (CU:LDEV) (CU = control unit)
0:00

Device Type

SCSI Bus Number

Path 1

Alternate Paths
TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN: TID: LUN:

0:01

TID: LUN:

0:02

TID: LUN:

0:03

TID: LUN:

0:04

TID: LUN:

0:05

TID: LUN:

0:06

TID: LUN:

0:07

TID: LUN:

0:08

TID: LUN:

0:09

TID: LUN:

0:10

TID: LUN:

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32

Path worksheet

B Disk array supported emulations


This appendix provides information about supported emulations and device type specifications. Some parameters may not be relevant to your array. Consult your HP representative for information about supported configurations for your system.

Supported emulations
HP recommends using OPEN-V as the emulation for better performance and features that may not be supported with the legacy emulations (OPEN-[389LE]). Table 9 Supported emulations XP model Emulation
OPEN-3 XP10000 XP12000 XP20000 XP24000 SVS 200 OPEN-8 OPEN-9 OPEN-E OPEN-K OPEN-L OPEN-M OPEN-V Yes Yes Yes Yes

Fixed Size
Yes Yes Yes Yes

LUSE
Yes Yes Yes Yes

CVS
Yes Yes Yes Yes

LUSE & CVS


Yes Yes Yes Yes

NOTE: For the SVS 200, and the XP24000/XP20000/XP12000/XP10000 when connected to external storage devices, HP recommends using OPEN-V as the emulation the array makes visible to the host. This allows external storage LDEVs to be configured without losing data. Using any other emulation may cause data loss in the external storage LUNs.

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Emulation specifications
Table 10 Emulation specifications Emulation (Note 1) Category (Note 2) Product name (Note 3) Blocks (512 bytes) Sector size (bytes)
512 512 512 512 512

# of cylinders

Heads

Sectors per track


96 96 96 96 96

Capacity MB* (Note 4)


2347 7007 7042 13893 34761

OPEN-3 OPEN-8 OPEN-9 OPEN-E OPEN-L LUSE OPEN-3*n OPEN-8*n OPEN-9*n OPEN-E*n OPEN-L*n CVS OPEN-3 CVS OPEN-8 CVS OPEN-9 CVS OPEN-E CVS OPEN-V CVS LUSE OPEN-3*n CVS OPEN-8*n CVS OPEN-9*n CVS OPEN-E*n CVS OPEN-V*n

SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk

OPEN-3 OPEN-8 OPEN-9 OPEN-E OPEN-L

4806720 14351040 14423040 28452960 71192160

3338 9966 10016 19759 49439

15 15 15 15 15

SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk

OPEN-3*n OPEN-8*n OPEN-9*n OPEN-E*n OPEN-L*n

4806720*n 14351040*n 14423040*n 28452960*n 71192160*n

512 512 512 512 512

3338*n 9966*n 10016*n 19759*n 49439*n

15 15 15 15 15

96 96 96 96 96

2347*n 7007*n 7042*n 13893*n 34761*n

SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk

OPEN-3-CVS OPEN-8-CVS OPEN-9-CVS OPEN-E-CVS OPEN-V

Note 5 Note 5 Note 5 Note 5 Note 5

512 512 512 512 512

Note 6 Note 6 Note 6 Note 6 Note 6

15 15 15 15 15

96 96 96 96 128

Note 7 Note 7 Note 7 Note 7 Note 7

SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk SCSI disk

OPEN-3*n-CVS OPEN-8*n-CVS OPEN-9*n-CVS OPEN-E*n-CVS OPEN-V*n

Note 5 Note 5 Note 5 Note 5 Note 5

512 512 512 512 512

Note 6 Note 6 Note 6 Note 6 Note 6

15 15 15 15 15

96 96 96 96 128

Note 7 Note 7 Note 7 Note 7 Note 7

General notes:
*Capacity = (512 x number of blocks) 10242

34

Disk array supported emulations

The value n is the number of volumes combined together. For example, with 8 combined volumes: OPEN-V*8.

Note 1:
The availability of an emulation depends on the disk array.

Note 2:
The devices are defined to the host as SCSI disk devices, even though the interface is Fibre Channel.

Note 3:
The command device (used for XP Raid Manager) is distinguished by -CM on the product name (for example, OPEN-3-CM, OPEN-3-CVS-CM).

Note 4:
The device capacity can sometimes be changed by the BIOS or host adapter board. This may make actual capacity different from that listed in the table.

Note 5:
The number of blocks for a CVS volume is calculated as follows: # of blocks = (# of cylinders) (# of heads) (# of sectors per track) Example
For an OPEN-3 CVS volume with capacity = 37 MB: # of blocks = (53 cylinderssee Note 5) (15 heads) (96 sectors per track) = 76320

Example
For an OPEN-V CVS volume with capacity = 49 MB: # of blocks = (53 cylinderssee Note 5) (15 heads) (128 sectors per track) = 101760

Note 6:
The number of cylinders for a CVS volume is calculated as follows ( ... be rounded up to the next integer): means that the value should (capacity (MB)

OPEN-3/8/9/E: The number of cylinders for a CVS volume = # of cylinders = specified by user) 1024/720 Example
For an OPEN-3 CVS volume with capacity = 37 MB: # of cylinders = 37 1024/720 = 52.62 (rounded up to next integer) = 53 cylinders

OPEN-V: The number of cylinders for a CVS volume = # of cylinders = user) 16/15 Example
For an OPEN-V CVS volume with capacity = 49 MB: # of cylinders = 49 16/15 = 52.26 (rounded up to next integer) = 53 cylinders

(capacity (MB) specified by

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OPEN-3/8/9/E: The number of cylinders for a CVS LUSE volume = # of cylinders = specified by user) 1024/720 n Example
For a CVS LUSE volume with capacity = 37 MB and n = 4: # of cylinders = 37 1024/720 4 = 52.62 4 = 53 4 = 212

(capacity (MB)

OPEN-V: The number of cylinders for a CVS LUSE volume = # of cylinders = (capacity (MB) specified by user) 16/15 n Example
For an OPEN-V CVS LUSE volume with capacity = 49 MB and n = 4: # of cylinders = 49 16/15 4 = 52.26 4 = 53 4 = 212

Note 7:
The capacity of an OPEN-3/8/9/E CVS volume is specified in MB, not number of cylinders. The capacity of an OPEN-V CVS volume can be specified in MB or number of cylinders. You set the volume size using XP Remote Web Console, XP Command View (XP arrays only), or XP Command View Advanced Edition Software.

Disk parameters by emulation type


Table 11 OPEN-3 parameters by emulation type Emulation Type Parameter
ty dt ns nt nc Disk category Control type Sectors/tracks Tracks/cylinder Number of all cylinders

OPEN-3
Winchester SCSI 96 15 3,338

OPEN-3*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 96 15 3,338*n

OPEN-3 CVS
Winchester SCSI 96 15 Depends on configuration of CV1 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally

OPEN-3 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 96 15 Depends on configuration of CV3 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally

rm oa ob oc od

Number of rotations of the disk a partition offset (Starting block in a partition) b partition offset (Starting block in b partition) c partition offset (Starting block in c partition) d partition offset (Starting block in d partition)

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally

36

Disk array supported emulations

Emulation Type Parameter


oe of og oh pa pb pc e partition offset (Starting block in e partition) f partition offset (Starting block in f partition) g partition offset (Starting block in g partition) h partition offset (Starting block in h partition) a partition size b partition size c partition size

OPEN-3
Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally 4,806,720

OPEN-3*n (n=2 to 36)


Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally 4,806,720*n

OPEN-3 CVS
Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV1 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-3 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV3 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 Set optionally

pd pe pf pg ph ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh fa fb fc fd fe

d partition size e partition size f partition size g partition size h partition size a partition block size b partition block size c partition block size d partition block size e partition block size f partition block size g partition block size h partition block size a partition fragment size b partition fragment size c partition fragment size d partition fragment size e partition fragment size

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

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Emulation Type Parameter


ff fg fh f partition fragment size g partition fragment size h partition fragment size

OPEN-3
1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-3*n (n=2 to 36)


1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-3 CVS
1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-3 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


1,024 1,024 1,024

See Notes for disk parameters on page 43.

Table 12 OPEN-8 parameters by emulation type Emulation Type Parameter


ty dt ns nt nc Disk category Control type Sectors/tracks Tracks/cylinder Number of all cylinders

OPEN-8
Winchester SCSI 96 15 9,966

OPEN-8*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 96 15 9,966*n

OPEN-8 CVS
Winchester SCSI 96 15 Depends on configuration of CV1 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

OPEN-8 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 116 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV1 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

rm oa ob oc od oe of og oh

Number of rotations of the disk a partition offset (Starting block in a partition) b partition offset (Starting block in b partition) c partition offset (Starting block in c partition) d partition offset (Starting block in d partition) e partition offset (Starting block in e partition) f partition offset (Starting block in f partition) g partition offset (Starting block in g partition) h partition offset (Starting block in h partition)

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

38

Disk array supported emulations

Emulation Type Parameter


pa pb pc a partition size b partition size c partition size

OPEN-8
Set optionally2 Set optionally 14,351,040

OPEN-8*n (n=2 to 36)


Set optionally2 Set optionally 14,351,040*n

OPEN-8 CVS
Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV1 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-8 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV1 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

pd pe pf pg ph ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh

d partition size e partition size f partition size g partition size h partition size a partition block size b partition block size c partition block size d partition block size e partition block size f partition block size g partition block size h partition block size a partition fragment size b partition fragment size c partition fragment size d partition fragment size e partition fragment size f partition fragment size g partition fragment size h partition fragment size

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

See Notes for disk parameters on page 43.

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Table 13 OPEN-9 parameters by emulation type Emulation Type Parameter


ty dt ns nt nc Disk category Control type Sectors/tracks Tracks/cylinder Number of all cylinders

OPEN-9
Winchester SCSI 96 15 10,016

OPEN-9*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 96 15 10,016*n

OPEN-9 CVS
Winchester SCSI 96 15 Depends on configuration of CV1 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV1 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

OPEN-9 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 96 15 Depends on configuration of CV3 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV3 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

rm oa ob oc od oe of og oh pa pb pc

Number of rotations of the disk a partition offset (Starting block in a partition) b partition offset (Starting block in b partition) c partition offset (Starting block in c partition) d partition offset (Starting block in d partition) e partition offset (Starting block in e partition) f partition offset (Starting block in f partition) g partition offset (Starting block in g partition) h partition offset (Starting block in h partition) a partition size b partition size c partition size

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally 14,423,040

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally 14,423,040*n

pd pe pf

d partition size e partition size f partition size

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally

40

Disk array supported emulations

Emulation Type Parameter


pg ph ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh g partition size h partition size a partition block size b partition block size c partition block size d partition block size e partition block size f partition block size g partition block size h partition block size a partition fragment size b partition fragment size c partition fragment size d partition fragment size e partition fragment size f partition fragment size g partition fragment size h partition fragment size

OPEN-9
Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-9*n (n=2 to 36)


Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-9 CVS
Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-9 CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

See Notes for disk parameters on page 43.

Table 14 OPEN-E parameters by emulation type Emulation Type Parameter


ty dt ns nt Disk category Control type Sectors/tracks Tracks/cylinder

OPEN-E
Winchester SCSI 96 15

OPEN-E*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 96 15

OPEN-E CVS
Winchester SCSI 96 15

OPEN-E CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Winchester SCSI 116 15

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Emulation Type Parameter


nc Number of all cylinders

OPEN-E
19,759

OPEN-E*n (n=2 to 36)


19,759*n

OPEN-E CVS
Depends on configuration of CV1 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV1 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192

OPEN-E CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


Depends on configuration of CV3 6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally Depends on configuration of CV3 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192

rm oa ob oc od oe of og oh pa pb pc

Number of rotations of the disk a partition offset (Starting block in a partition) b partition offset (Starting block in b partition) c partition offset (Starting block in c partition) d partition offset (Starting block in d partition) e partition offset (Starting block in e partition) f partition offset (Starting block in f partition) g partition offset (Starting block in g partition) h partition offset (Starting block in h partition) a partition size b partition size c partition size

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally 28,452,960

6,300 Set optionally Set optionally 0 Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally2 Set optionally 28,452,960*n

pd pe pf pg ph ba bb bc bd

d partition size e partition size f partition size g partition size h partition size a partition block size b partition block size c partition block size d partition block size

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192

Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally Set optionally 8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192

42

Disk array supported emulations

Emulation Type Parameter


be bf bg bh fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh e partition block size f partition block size g partition block size h partition block size a partition fragment size b partition fragment size c partition fragment size d partition fragment size e partition fragment size f partition fragment size g partition fragment size h partition fragment size

OPEN-E
8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-E*n (n=2 to 36)


8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-E CVS
8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024

OPEN-E CVS*n (n=2 to 36)


8,192 8,192 8,192 8,192 1,024 1,024 1,024 1,024 1024 1,024 1,024 1,024

See Notes for disk parameters.

Notes for disk parameters


1. The value of pc is calculated as follows: pc = nc nt ns The nc of OPEN-x CVS corresponds to the capacity specified by SVP or remote console. The CVS size of OPEN-x is specified by capacity (megabyte), not by number of cylinders. The number of cylinders of an OPEN-x CVS volume can be obtained by the following calculation ( ... means round up to integer). The number of cylinders = 1,024 / 720 . Example
When 37 MB is specified for an OPEN-3 CVS volume from SVP, the number of cylinders of the OPEN-3 CVS can be calculated as follows: 37 1,024 / 720 = 52.62 52.62 = 53 The OPEN-3 CVS volume has 53 cylinders.

(specified capacity in megabytes from SVP or remote console)

2. 3.

The value of pa must be equal to or more than 131,072. The number of cylinders of a Logical Unit Size Expansion (LUSE) composed of OPEN-x CVS volumes corresponds to the capacity specified by the SVP or the remote console. CVS size of OPEN-x is specified by the capacity (megabytes), not by the number of cylinders. The number

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43

of cylinders of the OPEN-x CVS volume can be obtained by the following calculation ( ... means round up to integer): The number of cylinders = 1,024 / 720 n Example
When 37 MB is specified for the OPEN-3 CVS volume and the four volumes are concatenated, the number of cylinders of the OPEN-3 CVS can be calculated as follows: 37 1,024 / 720 4 = 52.62 4 = 53 4 = 212

(specified capacity in megabytes from SVP or remote console)

where n is the number of concatenated volumes for LUSE.

The LUSE for the OPEN-3 CVS volume has 212 cylinders.

Byte information table


Values in this table assume that large files are stored in large volumes, and the maximum number of files stored in each device type is approximately the same for each device type. Table 15 Byte information Category
OPEN-3

LU product name
OPEN-3 OPEN-3*2 to OPEN-3*28 OPEN-3*29 to OPEN-3*36

Number of bytes per Inode


4096 8192 4096 8192 16384 4096 8192 16384 4096 4096 8192 16384 4096 8192 16384 4096

OPEN-8

OPEN-8 OPEN-8*2 to OPEN-8*9 OPEN-8*10 to OPEN-8*18 OPEN-8*19 to OPEN-8*36

OPEN-9

OPEN-9 OPEN-9*2 to OPEN-9*9 OPEN-9*10 to OPEN-9*18 OPEN-9*19 to OPEN-9*36

OPEN-3/8/9 CVS OPEN-3/8/9*n CVS

OPEN-3 CVS OPEN-8 CVS OPEN-9 CVS OPEN-E CVS OPEN-K CVS 35 to 64800 64801 to 126000 126001 and higher

OPEN-E

OPEN-E OPEN-E*2-OPEN-E*4 OPEN-E*5 to OPEN-E*9 OPEN-E*10 to OPEN-E*18

OPEN-L

OPEN-L

44

Disk array supported emulations

Category

LU product name
OPEN-L*2 to OPEN-L*3 OPEN-L*4 to OPEN-L*7

Number of bytes per Inode


8192 16384 4096

OPEN-x CVS

OPEN-3 CVS, OPEN-9 CVS, OPEN-E CVS, OPEN-V CVS

Physical partition size table


Table 16 Physical partition size Category
OPEN-3

LU product name
OPEN-3 OPEN-3*2 to OPEN-3*3 OPEN-3*4 to OPEN-3*6 OPEN-3*7 to OPEN-3*13 OPEN-3*14 to OPEN-3*27 OPEN-3*28 to OPEN-3*36

Physical partition size in megabytes


4 8 16 32 64 128 8 16 32 64 128 256 8 16 32 64 128 256 16 32 64 128

OPEN-8

OPEN-8 OPEN-8*2 OPEN-8*3 to OPEN-8*4 OPEN-8*5 to OPEN-8*9 OPEN-8*10 to OPEN-8*18 OPEN-8*19 to OPEN-8*36

OPEN-9

OPEN-9 OPEN-9*2 OPEN-9*3 to OPEN-9*4 OPEN-9*5 to OPEN-9*9 OPEN-9*10 to OPEN-9*18 OPEN-9*19 to OPEN-9*36

OPEN-E

OPEN-E OPEN-E*2 OPEN-E*3 to OPEN-E*4 OPEN-E*5 to OPEN-E*9

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Category

LU product name
OPEN-E*10 to OPEN-E*18

Physical partition size in megabytes


256 64 128 256 2 4 8 16 32 64 128 256 512 1024

OPEN-L

OPEN-L OPEN-L*2 to OPEN-L*3 OPEN-L*4 to OPEN-L*7

OPEN-x*n CVS

35 to1800 1801 to 2300 2301 to 7000 7001 to 16200 13201 to 32400 32401 to 64800 64801 to 126000 126001 to 259200 259201 - 518400 518401 and higher

46

Disk array supported emulations

Glossary
AL-PA array group Arbitrated loop physical address. A group of 4 or 8 physical hard disk drives (HDDs) installed in an XP disk array and assigned a common RAID level. RAID1 array groups consist of 4 (2D+2D) or 8 HDDs (4D+4D). RAID5 array groups include a parity disk but also consist of 4 (3D+1P) or 8 HDDs (7D+1P). All RAID6 array groups are made up of 8 HDDs (6D+2P). A volume on the disk array that accepts XP Continuous Access Software or XP Business Copy Software control operations which are then executed by the disk array. Control Unit. Contains LDEVs and is approximately equivalent to SCSI Target ID. Custom volume size. CVS devices (OPEN-x CVS) are custom volumes configured using array management software to be smaller than normal fixed-size OPEN system volumes. Synonymous with volume size customization (VSC). OPEN-V is a CVS-based volume. The logical devices (LDEVs) associated with each RAID group are assigned an emulation mode that makes them operate like OPEN system disk drives. The emulation mode determines the size of an LDEV: OPEN-3: 2.46 GB OPEN-8: 7.38 GB OPEN-9: 7.42 GB OPEN-E: 13.56 GB OPEN-L: 36 GB OPEN-V: User-defined custom size Using an alternate unit or path instead of a failed unit or path in order to continue functioning. Fibre Channel. Fibre Channel Adapter. Fibre Channel arbitrated loop. Fibre Channel Protocol. Host bus adapter. Each port can be configured for a particular host type. These modes are represented as two-digit hexadecimal numbers. For example, host mode 08 represents an HP-UX host. Logical device. An LDEV is created when a RAID group is carved into pieces according to the selected host emulation mode (that is, OPEN-3, OPEN-8,

command device

CU CVS

emulation modes

failover FC FCA FC-AL FCP HBA host mode

LDEV

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OPEN-E). The number of resulting LDEVs depends on the selected emulation mode. The term LDEV is often used synonymously with the term volume. LUN Logical unit number. A LUN results from mapping a SCSI logical unit number, port ID, and LDEV ID to a RAID group. The size of the LUN is determined by the emulation mode of the LDEV and the number of LDEVs associated with the LUN. For example, a LUN associated with two OPEN-3 LDEVs has a size of 4,693 MB. A LUN is normally associated with only a single LDEV. The LUSE feature allows a LUN to be associated with 1 to 36 LDEVs. Essentially, LUSE makes it possible for applications to access a single large pool of storage. The LUSE feature is available when the HP StorageWorks XP Array Manager product is installed. Open Fibre Control. A general term describing any one of the supported OPEN emulation modes (for example, OPEN-E. There are two types of OPEN-x devices: legacy OPEN-x devices with a fixed size (such as, OPEN-3, OPEN-8, OPEN-9, OPEN-E), and OPEN-V, which has a variable size and is a CVS-based volume. Physical address. Path and LUN are synonymous. Paths are created by associating a port and a LUN ID with an LDEV. A physical connection that allows data to pass between a host and the disk array. The number of ports on an XP disk array depends on the number of supported I/O slots and the number of ports available per I/O adapter. The XP family of disk arrays supports Fibre Channel (FC) ports as well as other port types. Ports are named by port group and port letter, such as CL1-A. CL1 is the group, and A is the port letter. Redundant array of independent disks. Remote service information message. Small computer system interface. Service information message. Simple Network Management Protocol. Service processor, which is the PC built into the disk array. The SVP provides a direct interface into the disk array. SVP use is reserved for HP support representatives only. Storage Virtualization System, an appliance that manages multiple disk array storage systems. Target ID. On the XP array, a volume is a uniquely identified virtual storage device composed of a control unit (CU) component and a logical device (LDEV) component separated by a colon. For example 00:00 and 01:00 are two uniquely identified volumes; one is identified as CU = 00 and LDEV = 00, and the other as CU = 01 and LDEV = 00; they are two unique separate virtual storage devices within the XP array.

LUSE

OFC OPEN-x

PA path port

RAID R-SIM SCSI SIM SNMP SVP

SVS TID Volume

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Glossary

VSC WWN XP Command View XP Command View Advanced Edition Software XP Remote Web Console

Volume size customization. Synonymous with CVS. World Wide Name. A unique identifier assigned to a Fibre Channel device. HP StorageWorks XP Command View, a software product for managing XP arrays. XP Command View runs on a Windows-based management workstation. HP StorageWorks XP Command View Advanced Edition Software, installs on the user-provided Device Manager server and provides a browser-based platform from which you can manage the SVS 200 and the XP family of disk arrayseven globally distributed arrays. HP StorageWorks XP Remote Web Console. A browser-based program installed on the SVP that allows you to configure and manage the disk array.

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Glossary

Index
A
arbitrated-loop physical address, 16 audience, 7 disk array(s) configuration, 14 connecting, 18 features, 11 installation overview, 13 Not Ready error message, 30 operating system versions, 11 self reboots, 30 server support, 11 storage capacity, 11 system requirements, 11 disk volume, calculating cylinders, 43 document conventions, 7 related documentation, 7 documentation HP website, 7 providing feedback, 9

C
clustering, 17 command device(s) one LDEV as a, 13 XP RAID Manager, 13 configuration device, 20 emulation types, 12 disk array, 14 FCAs, 17 Fibre Channel ports, 16 host, 17 port, 16 System Option Mode, 15 conventions document, 7 storage capacity values, 8 CVS devices, 12 cylinders, calculating for disk volume, 43

E
emulation(s) device emulation types, 12 supported, 33 error conditions, 29

D
device(s) configuration, 20 emulation types, 12 logical volume, 22 logical, not recognized by host, 29 parameters change using SMIT command line, 21 changing, 20 changing using AIX command line, 21 show using AIX command line, 21 recognition, 19 type specifications, 34 verifying, 19 volume groups, 22

F
fabric environment parameter settings, 16 port addresses, 16 zoning, 17 failover, 12 FCA(s), 11 configuring, 17 supported, 17 features, disk array, 11 Fibre Channel connection speed, 11 interface, 11 parameter settings, 16 ports, configuring, 16 supported elements, 11 topology example, 16 Fibre Channel adapters, see "FCAs", 11

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file system(s) creating, 25 journaled, 25 mounting, 27 not mounted after rebooting, 29 verifying, 27

operating system(s) loading, 17 LUN security for, 18 multiple, fabric zoning for, 18 supported versions, 11

G
glossary, 47

P
parameter tables byte information, 44 physical partition size, 45 parity error, 30 path(s) defining, 19 worksheet, 31 physical volumes, cannot be created, 29 port(s) address, 16 Fibre Channel, 16

H
help obtaining, 9 host configuration, 17 doesn't reboot properly, 29 hangs up, 30 host mode setting, 14 HP technical support, 9, 30

R
R-SIMS, 29 related documentation, 7 requirements, disk array, 11

I
installation, 11 connecting disk array, 18 overview, 13 interface, Fibre Channel, 11

S
SCSI disk, Fibre Channel interface and term "SCSI disk", 12 security, LUN, 17 server, support, 11 SIMS, 29 storage capacity, 11 storage capacity values conventions, 8 Subscriber's Choice, HP, 9 System Option Mode, setting, 15

J
Journaled File Systems, creating, 25

L
LDEV(s) one designated as a command device, 13 logical volumes, cannot be created, 29 LUN(s) creating, 19 mapping, 19 security, 17 LUSE devices, 12

T
technical support, 30 HP, 9 service locator website, 9 topology, fabric, 16 troubleshooting, 29 error conditions, 29 technical support, 30

M
multi-cluster environment, 17

O
OPEN-x devices, 12

V
volume(s) groups, assigning new device, 22 logical, cannot be created, 29 physical, cannot be created, 29

52

W
websites HP , 9 HP Subscriber's Choice for Business, 9 product manuals, 7 worksheet, path, 31

X
XP Array Manager, 11, 19 XP Array Manager , 14 XP arrays storage capacity, 11 XP Business Copy Software, 13 XP Command View, 11, 13, 14, 15, 19 XP Command View Advanced Edition Software, 11, 13, 14, 15, 19 XP Continuous Access Software, 13 XP RAID Manager command devices, 13 XP Remote Web Console, 11, 13, 14, 15, 19

Z
zoning, fabric, 17

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