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OLM FBW 2006 Toulouse 26-28 September 2006

OLM FBW 2006 Dubai 13-15 March 2006

Presented by

Sourya KAHLOUL
Flight Operations Engineer

Marie-Hlne COMBES
Flight Operations Training Data Director

UNRELIABLE SPEED
Latest Improvements

Introduction
Airlines concern was:
UNRELIABLE SPEED procedure Or ADR CHECK procedure ?

Recall when pilots applied UNRELIABLE SPEED or ADR CHECK procedure Why improvements were needed? What are these improvements?
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

How to help the airlines for the Training ?

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Contents
1

Recall of the last procedure enhancements How to deal with both procedures ? Procedure enhancement Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft e-briefing Conclusion

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Recall of the last procedure enhancements


Common procedure for all Airbus Family:

1) Memory Items in a Black Box.

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

2) Level Off Step with Pitch&thrust table.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Recall of the last procedure enhancements


IF the troubleshooting is unsuccessful or all indications are unreliable:

Switch OFF 2 ADRs and fly the aircraft using Pitch & Thrust tables.

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Contents
1

Recall of the last procedure enhancements How to deal with both procedures ? Procedure enhancement Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft e-briefing Conclusion

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

How to deal with both procedures ?


If Erroneous airspeed detected:
UNRELIABLE SPEED or ADR CHECK PROC QRH procedure.
us evi o Pr on ev isi R

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

How to deal with both procedures ?

UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED


ing d ur ed efin inin g D Tra

NO

ADR CHECK PROC

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

REFER TO UNRELIABLE SPEED FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

Lets see how to handle the situation on some examples


UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS 8

How to deal with both procedures ?


1st Scenario: erroneous speeds indications are detected between CAPT and F/O PFD, just after takeoff.
UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED

NO

ADR CHECK PROC

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

: io 1 r r e na d fo S c ee nt o n veme N ro i mp

REFER TO UNRELIABLE SPEED FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

U nreliable speed

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

How to deal with both procedures ?


2nd Scenario: speed between CAPT and F/O PFD starts to diverge, while in climb.
UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED

NO

ADR CHECK PROC

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

REFER TO UNRELIABLE SPEED FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

Unrelia ble speed

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

10

How to deal with both procedures ?


2nd Scenario: speed between CAPT and F/O PFD starts to diverge, while in climb. No need to apply
the Memory Items
UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION ADR CHECK PROC

MEMORY ITEMS
2: rio na Sce d s ome Nee ve me nt ro im p

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

REFER TO UNRELIABLE SPEED FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

Unrelia ble speed

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

11

How to deal with both procedures ?


3rd Scenario: Just after takeoff :Pilots are applying Unreliable Speed, while NAV ADR DISAGREE ECAM caution triggers.
UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED

NO

ADR CHECK PROC

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES


Unreliable speed

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

REFER TO UNRELIABLE SPEED FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

12

How to deal with both procedures ?


3rd Scenario: Just after takeoff :Pilots are applying Unreliable Speed, while NAV ADR DISAGREE ECAM caution triggers.
UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED

Keep applying the Memory Items!

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES


NAV ADR DISAGREE

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

1500 FT

Unreliable speed

3: ar io e n m Sc e d s o nts Nee eme ov impr

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

13

Contents
1

Recall of the last procedure enhancements How to deal with both procedures ? Procedure enhancement Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft e-briefing Conclusion

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

14

Procedure enhancement

this Fro m i on s Rev i


NO
ADR CHECK PROC

UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES


Both procedures gathered in a single one:

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

REFER TO UNRELIABLE SPEED FOR TROUBLESHOOTING

UNRELIABLE SPEED INDIC / ADR CHECK PROC


UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS 15

Procedure enhancement
If the safe conduct of the flight is affected:
UNRELIABLE SPEED INDIC / ADR CHECK PROC

MEMORY ITEMS

SAFE CONDUCT OF THE FLIGHT AFFECTED


To level off for troubleshooting:

LEVEL OFF
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

TROUBLE SHOOTING

PITCH&THRUST TABLES

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

16

Procedure enhancement

this Fro m i on s Rev i


UNRELIABLE SPEED INDIC / ADR CHECK PROC

. If the safe conduct of the flight is affected:

MEMORY ITEMS
. To level off for troubleshooting:

LEVEL OFF TROUBLE SHOOTING PITCH&THRUST TABLES

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

17

Contents
1

Recall of the last procedure enhancements How to deal with both procedures ? Procedure enhancement Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft e-briefing Conclusion

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

18

Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft


No need for Pitch & Thrust tables

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

19

Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

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Contents
1

Recall of the last procedure enhancements How to deal with both procedures ? Procedure enhancement Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft e-briefing Conclusion

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

21

e-briefing: General

Main concerns to be covered in FCTM and e-briefing:


To

facilitate the detection of the anomaly

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

To

ensure correct application of the procedure

To ensure proper understanding the procedure structure To avoid any mistake when isolating the faulty ADR To describe the flying technique
UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS 22

e-briefing: General

Symptoms / detection

One pitot icing

One Static blocked

Procedure
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

When thingsdo not go as expected : Take over ! Safe conduct of the flight is affected Critical situation Safe references immediately necessary
Pitch Attitude Thrust

& +
MEMORY ITEMS
Communicate with ATC to avoid any conflict with other traffic

Safe conduct UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS of the flight is not affected

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Not critical situation

e-briefing: General
Procedure
When thingsdo not go as expected : Take over ! Safe conduct of the flight is affected Critical situation Safe references immediately necessary
Pitch Attitude Thrust

& +
MEMORY ITEMS
Communicate with ATC to avoid any conflict with other traffic

Safe conduct of the flight is not affected

Not critical situation

Level off without any speed reference : Troubleshouting If Faulty ADR not identified :
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

If Faulty ADR identified :

When the troubleshooting procedure did not permit to identify at least one correct indication

Isolate unreliable ADR

Flying without any speed reference

Fly with remaining ADR

Scenarios CRUISE CLIMB DESCENT APPROACH


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AFTER TAKEOFF
UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

e-briefing: Detection of the anomaly

Symptoms / detection

One pitot icing

One Static blocked

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

Common to all types of A/C With or without BUSS objective: Our


To

familiarize the crews with what could happen

Better than a lot of word: some videos


UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS 25

e-briefing: Procedure application

ensure proper understanding of procedure structure To


Where to enter the procedure?

avoid any mistake when isolating the faulty ADR To


avoid a trap

describe the flying technique. To


AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

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e-briefing: Procedure application


When things Safe conduct of the flight do not go as Critical expected : Take over ! situation

is affected

Safe references immediately necessary


Thrust

Pitch Attitude

& +
MEMORY ITEMS

Communicate with

ATC to

avoid any

conflict with other traffic

Safe conduct

of the flight

Not critical

situation

is not affected

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

Level

off without

any speed

reference

Troubleshouting

If Faulty

ADR not

identified

If Faulty

ADR

identified

When the troubleshooting procedure did permit to not

Isolate unreliable ADR

identify

at least one correct indication

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Flying without any 27

speed

reference

Fly with remaining

ADR

Procedure application: Where to enter the procedure?


When things Safe conduct of the flight do not go as Critical expected : Take over ! situation

Safe conduct of the flight affected


is affected

Safe references immediately necessary


Thrust

Pitch Attitude

&

&

MEMORY ITEMS
Communicate with ATC to avoid any conflict with other traffic

MEMORY ITEMS

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

Safe conduct of the flight not affected


is not affected

Safe conduct

of the flight

Not critical

situation

Level off (if required)


Level off without any speed reference :

Trouble shooting
Troubleshouting If Faulty ADR not identified : If Faulty ADR identified :

When the troubleshooting procedure did permit to not

Isolate unreliable ADR

identify

at least one correct indication

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Flying without any 28

speed

reference

Fly with remaining

ADR

e-briefing: Procedure application


When things Safe conduct of the flight do not go as Critical expected : Take over ! situation

is affected

Safe references immediately necessary


Thrust

Pitch Attitude

&

&

MEMORY ITEMS
Communicate with ATC to avoid any conflict with other traffic Safe conduct of the flight Not critical situation

MEMORY ITEMS

is not affected

Level off (if required)


Level off without any speed reference :

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

Trouble shooting
Troubleshouting If Faulty ADR not identified : If Faulty ADR identified :

When the troubleshooting procedure did permit to not

Isolate unreliable ADR

identify

at least one correct indication

Flying without any speed reference


UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS
Flying without any 29 speed reference

Back to NORM
Fly with remaining ADR

e-briefing: Procedure application


When things Safe conduct of the flight do not go as Critical expected situation

Avoid the trap


: Take over !

is affected

Safe references immediately necessary


Thrust

Pitch Attitude

&

Scenario with two false identical indications +


MEMORY ITEMS
Communicate with ATC to avoid any conflict with other traffic

Safe conduct

of the flight

Not critical

situation

is not affected

Level off (if required)


Level off without any speed reference :

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

Trouble shooting
Troubleshouting If Faulty ADR not identified : If Faulty ADR identified :

When the troubleshooting procedure did permit to not

Isolate unreliable ADR

identify

at least one correct indication

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

Flying without any 30

speed

reference

Fly with remaining

ADR

e-briefing: Procedure application


When things Safe conduct of the flight do not go as Critical expected situation

Flying technique
: Take over !

is affected

Safe references immediately necessary


Thrust

Pitch Attitude

& +
MEMORY ITEMS

Communicate with

ATC to

avoid any

conflict with other traffic

Safe conduct

of the flight

Not critical

situation

is not affected

Level off (if required)


Level off without any speed reference :

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

Trouble shooting
Troubleshouting If Faulty ADR not identified : If Faulty ADR identified :
When the troubleshooting procedure did permit to not Isolate unreliable ADR

identify

at least one correct indication

Flying without any speed reference


UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS
Flying without any 31 speed reference Fly with remaining ADR

e-briefing: Procedure application


If FPV is reliable

Flying technique

Maintain level flight Adjust thrust according to table Observe the pitch
r nde u deo Vi
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

en pm lo eve d

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

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Contents
1

Recall of the last procedure enhancements How to deal with both procedures ? Procedure enhancement Backup Speed Scale: easier way to fly the aircraft e-briefing Conclusion

AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

33

Conclusion

The UNRELIABLE SPEED and ADR CHECK PROC are now gathered in a single paper procedure called:

UNRELIABLE SPEED INDICATION / ADR CHECK

Conditions added in the procedure for :

Applying the Memory Items Level off for troubleshooting faulty ADR
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

/ Use the Back-Up Speed Scale

Situation Awareness and procedure understanding are improved by the FCTM and the e-briefing

New Backup Speed Scale: Easier way to handle an Unreliable speed situation

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

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Backup Speed Scale: package


PACKAGE INCLUDING :
1) 2) 3) EIS 2 screen , ADIRU standard Honeywell AD 21, or LITTON 314, FWC standards: 1) 2) 3) 4)
AIRBUS 2006 S. A. S. All ri ghts reserv ed. Conf identi al and proprietary doc ument.

W5 for A340-500/600, L11 for A340 basic, K9 for A330, F4 for the Single Aisle.

PACKAGE COVERED BY MODIFICATIONS: 35871 for Single Aisle (certification in 2007) 53368 for the Long Range (certification in June 2006 for A340-500/600, September 2006 for A330 and A340 ).

UNRELIABLE SPEED: LATEST IMPROVEMENTS

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