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Kolej Linton School of Mechanical Engineering

Coursework cover sheet be sure to keep a copy of all work submitted




Section A - To be completed by the student PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY
Family Name(s)

Module No.
305 MED
Forename(s)

ID Number(s) (from your student card)

Time taken (hrs) (per student for group coursework)

Faculty Date Stamp
(or signature and date)
Lecturer
Haris Wahyudi
Lab group / Tutorial group / Tutor (if applicable)

Module Code and Title
305 MED Computer Aided Engineering
Due date:
22 March 2012
Assignment No. / Title
CW2: ASSIGNMENT 2

Extensions & late submissions allowed:
No
Estimated Time (Weeks)
3 Weeks
Assignment type:
INDIVIDUAL
% of Module
Mark 20%
Hand out date:
1 March 2012

Declaration: I/we the undersigned confirm that I/we have read and agree to abide by the University regulations on plagiarism and
cheating and Faculty coursework policies and procedures. I/we confirm that this piece of work is my/our own. I/we consent to
appropriate storage of our work for checking to ensure that there is no plagiarism/ academic cheating.


Signature(s): -------------------------------------- -------------------------------------- -------------------------------------- --------------------------------------
Section B - To be completed by the assessor

1. Develop 3-D beam, shell and solid finite element models and perform static stress and modal frequency analyses.
2. Use curve, surface and solid modeling with CAD software to develop 3-D component geometry and carry out static
stress and modal frequency finite element analyses.
Marks breakdown Max Awarded
Task 1
a. Determine the fracture of component
b. Justification in FEA
c. Determine the maximum stress field around crack
d. Details of the FE model

5
10
15
10

Task 2
a. Justification of design
b. Design optimization in FEA
c. Result discussion
d. FE model and procedures

15
20
15
10

Assessors signature / initials:


Date:

Total
100
Total
Extension Agreed until:


Programme Leader Signature:
Penalty Due:

(Yes / No)
Penalty Final Mark
Signed internal moderator:

This work may have been moderated. You may find additional comments
in the work.

Kolej Linton School of Mechanical Engineering
This section may be used for feedback or other information









Coursework Task Sheet
Module Title
Computer Aided Engineering
Module Code
305 MED
Assignment No. / Title
CW2- ASSIGNMENT 2
Hand out date:
1 March 2012
Lecturer
Haris Wahyudi
Due date:
22 March 2012
Estimated Time (weeks)
3 Weeks
Assignment type:
INDIVIDUAL
Extensions & late submissions allowed:
No
% of Module Mark
20%
Submission arrangements

Assessment Criteria








KOLEJ UNIVERSITI LINTON
Coventry University
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Module Title: Computer Aided Engineering Module Code: 305 MED
Module Assessor: Haris Wahyudi Internal Verifier: Dr. Elango Natarajan


ASSESSMENT GRADING CRITERIA
100%
80%
70%

The student demonstrates a thorough knowledge and understanding of the
facts and ideas involved. Coherent; good linking of ideas and paragraphs.
An ability to sustain an argument and to use appropriate citation to
substantiate points made.

69%

60%

Well-written, completely relevant, with evidence of a sound knowledge
and understanding of the issues involved. Some comments are not justified
but overall shows an ability of apply material gleaned from independent
reading. Grammar and spelling sound.

59%

50%

The student demonstrates an ability to understand the issues involved and
or having read around the subject. There is some evidence of application
of the knowledge and ideas. Maximum of 50% if the work contains
sweeping unjustified statements, or if there is no evidence at all or
substantiation of points use of appropriate citation.

49%

35%

The student demonstrates reasonable knowledge and understanding of the
issues involved but does not utilise material to support his/her argument.
There is evidence of reading and the student has correctly references
his/her work and included an appropriate bibliography. The work,
although relevant, is descriptive.

34%

30%

Poor English, poor structure, some irrelevant material, evidence of
reading, most of the material emanating from taught sessions only.
Possibly lacking in bibliography.

29%

1%

The work contains inaccurate, outdated and inadequate knowledge of the
topic. The work lacks clear explanation and does not answer the specified
question. The work has virtually no structure and its argument lacks logic.
The work reveals confused thinking, is very descriptive in content, with
little or no substantive evidence and illustration. The work is
grammatically deficient and its presentation unacceptable.

0%

No work submitted by the student or work was submitted beyond the
agreed submission deadline, without prior approval.

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI LINTON
Coventry University
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Module Title: Computer Aided Engineering Module Code: 305 MED
Module Assessor: Haris Wahyudi Internal Verifier: Dr. Elango Natarajan


ASSIGNMENT 2

Module Name: Computer Aided Engineering

Intended Module Learning Outcome Covered
1. Develop 3-D beam, shell and solid finite element models and perform static stress and
modal frequency analyses.
2. Use curve, surface and solid modeling with CAD software to develop 3-D component
geometry and carry out static stress and modal frequency finite element analyses.

Duration
3 weeks

Assessment Criteria
There are 100 marks in total for this assignment and a breakdown of these marks is
provided in the assignment details.

Scenario 1
Toughness is the resistance of a material to the propagation of a crack and fracture
toughness is an indication of the amount of stress required to propagate an existing flaw.
Consideration of fracture mechanics during the design process can assist in the prevention
of failures of structural and mechanical components subject to fluctuating loads in service.
The goal of fracture mechanics analysis is to predict the critical loads that will cause
catastrophic failure in a structure or component.

Task 1
One of the aircraft component is fabricated from aluminum 7075-T6 alloy. The modulus of
elasticity, yield strength and poison ratio of 7075-T6 alloy is 71.7 GPa, 495 MPa and 0.33,
respectively. This material has plane strain fracture toughness of 27.5 MPam. It has been
determined that fracture results at a stress of 208 MPa when the maximum internal crack
length is 2.0 mm (case 1).

Figure T1. Through internal crack
The stress intensity for this type
of flaw is given by:

K
Ic
= ono ,

where Y is dimensionless
constant and a is crack length.


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI LINTON
Coventry University
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Module Title: Computer Aided Engineering Module Code: 305 MED
Module Assessor: Haris Wahyudi Internal Verifier: Dr. Elango Natarajan


Perform analytical and numerical stress analysis of the component and upon completion of
the analysis design you are required to answer the following:

a. Determine whether fracture will occur if the component receives a stress about 350
MPa and the internal crack present is 1.0 mm (case 2). (5 marks)

b. Justify your answer by doing finite element analysis, let b = 5 mm and. What is the
stress intensity from this analysis? (10 marks)

c. Determine the maximum stress field around crack using FEA for both cases above.
Compare the result with the yield strength of materials and discuss your answer.
(15 marks)

d. Details of the FE model: analysis type, boundary condition, modeling techniques,
element type, meshing techniques. (10 marks)

KOLEJ UNIVERSITI LINTON
Coventry University
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Module Title: Computer Aided Engineering Module Code: 305 MED
Module Assessor: Haris Wahyudi Internal Verifier: Dr. Elango Natarajan


Scenario 2
An office furniture company is designing a new low cost chair. The basic concept calls for
two upholstered cushions over sturdy plywood boards that are supported by two Z-shaped
frames.

Your assignment is to come up with the lowest cost design for the frame while meeting the
following requirements:
To simulate the forces from a person sitting while leaning against the back, the frames
must be able to support a vertical load of 80 Kg from the seat and 20 Kg normal to the
back support.
Any part of the frame should not deflect more than 3.2 mm.
The factor of safety against stress failure should be at least 3.
The height and width of the chair is fixed.


Figure T2. Z-Shaped Chair (all units in cm)


Task 2
a. If the frames must be able to support a vertical weight of 100 Kg from the seat and the
frame to be made of 50 mm diameter steel tube with wall thickness 6 mm, determine if
the given design meets the stress and the deflection constraints.
For simplicity, assume the loads exerted from the plywood boards are uniformly
distributed (do not consider the weight of the plywood boards). (15 marks)


KOLEJ UNIVERSITI LINTON
Coventry University
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Module Title: Computer Aided Engineering Module Code: 305 MED
Module Assessor: Haris Wahyudi Internal Verifier: Dr. Elango Natarajan


b. Use design optimization in FEA software to obtain a minimum thickness of frame. For
ease in manufacturing the same diameter must be used for the entire frame. However,
the wall-thickness can be different for various part of the frame.
Model the frame with beam elements; create a finite element mesh that contains few
tens of elements. (20 marks)

c. Summary, tabulated and discussion of the result. (15 marks)

d. FE model and procedures. (10 marks)

Use the following material parameters: E = 206.84 GPa, failure stress (yield stress = 410
MPa) and weight density = 7086 Kg/m
3
.





Possible evidence for report:
Methods used to present the assignment.
1. Evidences that may be taken to be reviewed by lecturers or other assessors, which
include:
Report (feasibility, technical, scientific)
Softcopy of FEA files
2. Clear steps and sequences in solving using FEA with proper illustrations.
3. Insert page number; write name and IC number at the bottom (footer) in every page.