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# PART A

Titration 1
16
14
12

pH

10

pH = 9.20

8
6

Equivalence point
= 10.55 mL

pH = 5.09

Half-equivalence
point = 5.28 mL

2
0
0

10

12

14

16

18

## Volume of NaOH (mL)

Equivalence point:
11.36 9.20 =
11 V
9.20 6.52
V 10
2.16
=
11 V
2.68
V 10
2.16V 21.60 =
29.48 2.68V
4.84V
=
51.08
V
=
10.55 mL
Half equivalence point = 10.55 mL /2
= 5.28 mL
6.00 5.28
=
5.20 pH
5.28 4.00
pH 4.88
0.72
=
5.20 pH
1.28
pH 4.88
0.72pH 3.51 =
6.66 1.28pH
2pH
=
10.17
pH
=
5.09
Molarity of the unknown acid:
Moles of NaOH = 0.1mol NaOH x 10.55 mL

x 1L
= 1.055 x 10-3 moles
1000 mL
Moles of unknown solution, HA = 1.055 x 10-3 moles NaOH x
1moles of HA
1moles of NaOH
-3
= 1.055 x 10 moles HA
10 ml of HA x
1L
=0.01L of solution
1000 mL
-3
Molarity HA
= 1.055 x 10 mol
0.01L of solution
= 0.10 M of HA

20

Titration 2
16
14
12

pH = 9.20

pH

10
8
6

Equivalence point =
10.55 mL

pH = 5.09

Half-equivalence
point = 5.28 mL

2
0
0

10

12

14

16

18

## Volume of NaOH (mL)

Equivalence point:
11.44 9.20 =
11 V
9.20 6.45
V 10
2.24
=
11 V
2.75
V 10
2.24V 22.40 =
30.25 2.75V
4.99V
=
52.65
V
=
10.55 mL
Molarity of the unknown acid:
Moles of NaOH = 0.1mol NaOH x 10.55 mL

x 1L
= 1.055 x 10-3 moles
1000 mL
Moles of unknown solution, HA = 1.055 x 10-3 moles NaOH x
1moles of HA
1moles of NaOH
-3
= 1.055 x 10 moles HA
10 ml of HA x
1L
=0.01L of solution
1000 mL
-3
Molarity HA
= 1.055 x 10 mol
0.01L of solution
= 0.10 M of HA

20

Titration 3
14
12
10

pH = 8.40
pH

8
6

Equivalence point =
10.42 mL

pH = 4.71

Half-equivalence
point = 5.21 mL

2
0
0

10

12

14

16

18

## Volume of NaOH (mL)

Equivalence point:
10.46 8.40 =
8.40 6.90

11 V
V 10

2.06
=
11 V
1.50
V 10
2.06V 20.60 =
16.50 1.50V
3.56V
=
37.10
V
=
10.42 mL
Half equivalence point = 10.42 mL /2
= 5.21 mL
6.00 5.21
=
4.82 pH
5.21 4.00
pH 4.50
0.79
=
4.82 pH
1.21
pH 4.50
0.79pH 3.56 =
5.85 1.21pH
2pH
=
9.41
pH
=
5.00
Molarity of the unknown acid:
Moles of NaOH = 0.1mol NaOH x 10.42 mL

x 1L
= 1.042 x 10-3 moles
1000 mL
Moles of unknown solution, HA = 1.042 x 10-3 moles NaOH x
1moles of HA
1moles of NaOH
-3
= 1.042 x 10 moles HA
10 ml of HA x
1L
=0.01L of solution
1000 mL
-3
Molarity HA
= 1.042 x 10 mol
0.01L of solution
= 0.10 M of HA
Molarity average:
(0.10 x 3) / 3 = 0.10 M

20

## Ionization constant expression, Ka

Average pH value at half equivalence point = (5.09 + 5.09 + 5.00) / 3
= 5.06
pKa = pH = 5.06 at half equivalence point.
Ka = 10pKa = 105.06 = 8.71 x 106
Based on Table 4.1; when Ka = 5.30 x 106, the corresponding acid is potassium hydrogen
phthalate. Thus the unknown acid is potassium hydrogen phthalate because the Ka = 8.71 x
106~ Ka = 8.71 x 106.

[
Accuracy percentage,

]
= 64.34%

## The accuracy is 64.34%

PART B
1st trial, pH= 3.66
[

HA

HO

Initial

0.10 M

Change

2.19 x 10 M

Equilibrium
Ka =

Ka =

HO
0

+2.19 x 10M +

2.19 x 10M

2.19 x 10 M
2.19 x 10M

][ ]
[ ]

][
[

]
]

= 4.81 x 10

[
HA

]
+

HO

Initial

0.1051M

Change

2.14 x 10 M

Equilibrium

Ka =

Ka =

HO

+
0

+12.14 x 10 M +

2.14 x 10 M

2.14 x 10 M
2.14 x 10 M

][ ]
[ ]

][
[

= 4.60 x 10

[
HA
Initial

]
+

0.1051M

HO

HO

+
0

A
0

1.99x 10 M

Change
Equilibrium

Ka =

Ka =

+1.99 x 10M +

1.99 x 10M

1.99 x 10 M
1.99 x 10M

][ ]
[ ]

][

= 3.97 x 10

## The average Ka value for weak acid,

= 4.46 x 107

The closest value to the Ka calculated is carbonic acid that the Ka value is 4.2 x 107
Accuracy percentage,

= 8.41%