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PWM BASED SPEED CONTROL OF AC MOTOR USING POWER ELECTRONICS DEVICE

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434

AIM:
The main aim of the project is to maintain the speed of the AC motor uniform.

PURPOSE:
The purpose of this project is to avoid damages to the heavy machinery due to high load. To meet this requirement we have designed an embedded system, which takes all necessary action to handle the situation in an efficient manner.

METHODOLOGY: BLOCK DIAGRAM:

POWER SUPPLY

LCD Display

1- supply D R I V E R

TRIAC

KEYPAD

Microcontroller

Motor

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434

DESCRIPTION:
The basic idea of this project is to maintain the speed of the motor Step wise i.e., in this method PWM technique is used. In this technique duty cycle concept is used for controlling the speed. If motor is given a supply for 10 second and it is not given a supply for 90 second by using PWM then motor will move with speed 10% of its rated speed and like wise. The speed of the motor can be displaying on LCD. For this application we are connect Keypad for giving fixed speed.(i.e.10%,20% etc) in Duty cycles. A machine that converts electrical power into mechanical power is called Motor. If it works on DC power it is called D.C motor otherwise A.C motor. TRIAC are used in speed control circuits of A.C motors to get high reliable operations at large currents. Various methods are available to control the speed of the A.C motor; here we are controlling the motor speed by changing the voltage applied to motor. In this system embedded controller is used to produce the triggering pulses needed by the TRIAC. TRIAC further controls motor speed. Embedded controller also handles the process of maintaining constant speed by comparing with the threshold or predefined value. With the help of this system we can have continuous monitor over the speed of the motor. Here in this project we are going to interface keypad to the microcontroller for varying the speed. Different keys in keypad are assigned to different speeds. When we press particular key then motor will rotate at that speed and that speed will be displayed on LCD.

SOFTWARES:

Embedded C KEIL micro vision Express PCB Uc flash or ISP

HARDWARES:

Embedded controller (8051) AC motor

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434

TRIAC LCD Keypad

APPLICATIONS:
Motor speed regulation In manufacturing industries Speed control of A.C motor

ADVANTAGES:
Reliable operations at large currents Controls the process Ease of operation

RESULT:
Hence by this project the AC motor speed is controlled by using the TRIAC.

Head office: 2nd floor, Solitaire plaza, beside Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad
www.kresttechnology.com, E-Mail: krestinfo@gmail.com , Ph: 9885112363 / 040 44433434