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ASSIGNMENT ON BASIC ELECTRICITY AND DC CIRCUITS

1. Which of the following has the highest dielectric strength to electrical breakdown? (b) impregnated paper (c) rubber (d) woven cloth

(a) thermoplastic 2.

As the temperature increases, the resistance of most conductors also increases, except _____. (b) brass (c) carbon (d) zinc

(a) silver 3.

Of the six ways of producing emf, which method is used the least? (b) solar (c) chemical action (d) friction

(a) pressure 4.

A mil is what part of an inch? (b) 1/100 (c) 1/1000 (d) 1/10000

(a) 1/10 5.

A #12 wire has a diameter of 80.81 mils. The cma would be _____. (b) 5630 (c) 4374 (d) 6530

(a) 4110 6.

A substance whose molecules consist of the same kind of atoms is called _____. (b) valence (c) element (d) compound

(a) proton 7.

The electrons in the last orbit of an atom are called _____ electrons. (b) free (c) valence (d) atomic

(a) bound 8.

A length of wire has a resistance of 6 ohms. The resistance of a wire of the same material three times as long and twice the csa will be _____ ohms. (b) 12 (c) 9 (d) 1

(a) 36 9.

A conducting material that is _____ charged will have an excess of electrons. (b) negatively (c) positively (d) none of these

(a) neutrally

10. Materials containing numerous free electrons are _____. (a) (b) (c) (d) ferrous materials good insulators good conductors high numerally resistivity scales

11. If an DC resistance of a #500 kcmil copper conductor 1000 feet in length is .0258 the DC resistance for a #1000 kcmil copper conductor 1000 feet in length would be _____ . (a) 0.0258 (b) 0.01515 (c) 0.0129 (d) 0.00643

12. Mica is commonly used for _____. (a) (b) (c) (d) pole insulators commutator bar separators panelboards appliance insulation 1

13. The cord on heating iron would most likely have an insulation of _____.

(a) nylon

(b) rubber

(c) asbestos

(d) cotton braid

14. The resistance in a circuit may be increased by _____. (a) (b) (c) (d) increasing the current flow increasing the EMF a loose connection decreasing the current flow

15. The unit of measure for electrical capacity is the _____. (a) ohm (b) henry (c) farad (d) watt

16. Which of the following is the best conductor of electricity? (a) iron (b) aluminum (c) tungsten (d) carbon

17. Electrical current is measured in terms of _____. (a) (b) (c) (d) electrical pressure electrons passing a point per second watts ohms

18. The cross-sectional area of the bus bar is _____ square inch.

(a) .375

(b) 4.78125

12 (c) 14

(d) none of these

19. Which of the following would have the least amount of resistance? (a) semi-conductor (b) insulator (c) resistor (d) conductor

20. A voltage of 2000 microvolts is the same as ____ volts. (a) 0.002 (b) 0.200 (c) 0.020 (d) 2,000

21. Voltage drop in a conductor is _____. (a) (b) (c) (d) the conductor resistance times the voltage a function of insulation part of the load voltage a percentage of the applied voltage

22. Piezoelectric is caused by crystals or binding _____. (a) heat (b) pressure (c) static (d) chemical

23. The standard unit of electrical pressure is the _____. (a) ampere (b) watt (c) volt (d) watt-hour 2

24. When a current leaves its intended path and returns to the source, bypassing the load the circuit is _____. (a) broken (b) open (c) shorted (d) incomplete

25. The greater number of free electrons, the better the _____ of a metal. (a) voltage drop (b) resistance (c) conductivity (d) insulation value

26. When one material gives up electrons readily and another attracts them, this is the basis for _____. (a) piezoelectric (b) thermocouple (c) electrochem (d) photovoltaic

27. The heating of two different metals will cause _____. (a) corrosion (b) electron flow (C) galvanic action (d) fusion

28. The voltage drop in line can be decreased by _____. I. II. III. IV. increasing the resistance increasing the current decreasing the load increasing the wire size (b) I and III only (c) III and IV only (d) I, III and IV only

(a) III only

29. A 10 ohm resistance carrying 10 amperes of current uses _____ watts of power. (a) 100 (b) 20 (c) 500 (d) 1000

30. When re-routing conduit, it may be necessary to increase the wire size if the distance is considerably greater, in order _____. 31. The life of insulation used in electrical installations is directly affected by heat. Of the following, the electrical insulation which can least withstand heat is _____. (a) mica (b) rubber (c) fiberglass (d) enamel

32. What is the voltage between points Y and Z? 12 ohms

20 ohms

12 ohms

12 ohms

X EACH OF THE 12 OHM LOADS IS 2 AMPERES (a) 72 volts (b) 120 volts (c) 24 volts (d) 144 volts

33. In the sketch above, what is the wattage of the 20 ohm load? 3

(a) 120 watts

(b) 48 watts

(c) 144.watts

(d) 720 watts

34. What is the total wattage of this circuit?

240v

60 ohms

80 ohms

(a) 3.5

(b) 420

(c) 16,800

(d) 1680

35. Two one ohm resistors in parallel, the total R is _____ ohm(s). (a) 1 (b) 2 (c) (d) cannot be calculated

36. The liquid in a battery is called the _____. (a) askarel (b) eddy current (c) hermetic (d) electrolyte

37. _____ is current which flows through a circuit in the same direction at all tines ad with almost constant strength. (a) AC (b) Wattage (c) DC (d) Ampacity

38. The resistance of a copper conductor is _____. (a) (b) (c) (d) inversely proportional to its cross-sectional area inversely proportional to its length directly proportional to its diameter directly proportional to the square of its diameter

39. Voltaic current will lead the voltage when _____. (a) chemical (b) solar (c) both of these (d) none of these

40. A good insulator for very high temperature is _____. (a) mica (b) rubber (c) plastic (d) bakelite

41. Resistance can be found directly from wattage and voltage measurements by the equation _____. (a) R = V/W (b) R = V/W (c) R = W/V (d) R = W/V

42. Two 500 watts lamps connected in series across a 120 volt source draw 3 amps, the total wattage consumed is _____. (a) 1000 watts (b) 500 watts (c) 360 watts (d) 200 watts

43. Nichrome wire is usually used for _____. (a) heater coils (b) motor field windings (c) interpole windings (d) light bulb filaments

44. If a 240 volt electric heater is used on a 120 volt circuit the amount of heat produced will be _____. (a) one half as much (b) twice as much (c) four times as much (d) fourth as much 4

45. What is the voltage drop across the 20 ohm series load? 12 ohms

20 ohms

12 ohms

12 ohms

X EACH OF THE 12 OHM LOADS IS 2 AMPERES (a) 144 volts (b) 24 volts (c) 120 volts (d) 336 volts

46. What is the wattage of three 12 ohm loads? 12 ohms 20 ohms Y 12 ohms 12 ohms X EACH OF THE 12 OHM LOADS IS 2 AMPERES (a) 720 watts (b) 768 watts (c) 144 watts (d) 864 watts Z

47. If a 10, a 20 and a 30 resistor are connected in series across a 120 volt source, the voltage across the 20 resistor will be _____ volts. (a) 20 (b) 40 (c) 60 (d) none of these

48. A 4, a 6, a 10 and a 15 are connected in parallel. Which resistor will consume the most power? (a) 4 (b) 6 (c) 10 (d) 15

49. What is the total wattage of the four - 12 loads?

120v

12

12

12

12

(a) 300 watts

(b) 2400 watts

(c) 4800 watts

(d) none of these 5

50. (a) (b) (c) (d)

With a given voltage, six light bulbs will consume the most wattage when connected _____. three in series and three in parallel four in parallel and two in series all in parallel all in series

51. Which of the following has the poorest conductance? (a) aluminum (b) carbon (c) brass (d) copper 52. The electrolyte of a storage battery is formed by the dissolving of _____ in water. (a) sulphuric acid (b) hydrochloric acid (c) lye (d) soda

53. What is the power of the four - 12 loads?

1240v

12

12

12

12

(a) 4800 watts 54. (a) (b) (c) (d)

(b) 9600 watts

(c) 19,200 watts

(d) none of these

Which of the following is a short circuit? a hot wire touching a grounded metal frame a short conductor with a high resistance arcing between a hot conductor and a metal box a very low resistance between the circuit conductors

55. If a light bulb rated 100 watts @ 120 volts is connected across a 240 volt source the wattage would be _____. (a) 100watts (b) 200 watts (c) 300 watts (d) 400 watts

56. With only switch 4 closed and a line voltage of 225 volts, the drop across one of the 10 ohm resistor is _____ volts.

10 ohms SW 1 10 ohms

5 ohms SW 4

20 ohms

20 ohms

SW 2

SW 3

Y 6

(a) 225

(b) 90

(c) 64.3

(d) 56.3