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Assignment Advance Manufacturing

Assignment 1

1.1

What are some of the realities mentioned at the beginning of the chapter that modern manufacturing enterprises must cope with? Name four.
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Globalization International Outsourcing Local Outsourcing Contract manufacturing Quality expectation

1.2

What is a production system?


A combination of people (worker), equipment and procedure organized to carry out the manufacturing operation of a company

1.3

Production systems can be divided into two categories or levels. Name and briefly define the two levels.
1) Facilities The factory and equipment in the facility and the way the facility is organized (plant layout) Manufacturing support system Manage production Solve technical & logistic problems

2)

1.4

What are manufacturing systems, and how are they distinguished from production systems?

Manufacturing systems - Collection of intergration equipment and human resources - To perform one or more processing or assembling operation on a starting raw,material, parts or a set of parts.

Production systems - A collection of people,equipment and procedures to carry out the manufacturing operation - set of procedures used by the company to manage production and solve technical problems

1.5

Manufacturing systems are divided into three categories, according to worker participation. Name the three categories.
1. 2. 3. Manual work system Worker-machine system Automated systems

1.6

What are the four functions included within the scope of manufacturing support systems?
1. 2. 3. 4. Business function Product design Manufacturing planning Manufacturing control

1.7

Three basic types of automation are defined in the text. What is fixed automation and what are some of its features?
Fixed automation is a fixed manufacturing system in the processing or assembly because of the equipment configuration . Features of the fixed automation: 1. Suited to high production quantities

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Assignment Advance Manufacturing

2. 3.

High initial investment for custom-engineered equipment High production rates

1.8

What is programmable automation and what are some of its features?


Programmable automation is a manufacturing system designed with the capability to change the sequence of operations to accommodate different product configurations. Features of the programmable automation: 1. High investment in general purpose equipment 2. Lower production rates than fixed automation 3. Flexibility to deal with variations and changes in product configuration

1.9

What is flexible automation and what are some of its features?


Flexible automation is an extension of programmable automation in which the system is capable of changing over from one job to the next with no lost time between jobs. Features of the flexible automation: 1. High investment for custom-engineered system 2. Continuous production of variable mixes of products 3. Medium production rates

1.10

What is computer integrated manufacturing?


Computer integrated manufacturing is the used of the computer system to design the product, plan the whole production system, control the operations and to processing the variation of information in a manufacturing plant.

1.11

Some of the reasons why companies automate their operations? Nine reasons are given in the text. Name five.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. To increase labor productivity To reduce labor cost To mitigate the effects of labor shortages To reduce or remove routine manual and clerical tasks To improve worker safety

1.12

Identify three situations in which manual labor is preferred over automation.


1) 2) 3) 4) Some countries have very low labor rates and automation cannot be justified Task is too technologically difficult to automate Short product life cycle Customized product requires human flexibility

1.13

Human workers will be needed in factory operations, even in the most highly automated operations. The text identifies at least four types of work for which humans will be needed. Name three.
1) 2) 3) Product designers who bring creativity to the design task Equipment maintenance Programming and computer operation

1.14

What is the USA Principle? What does each of the letters stand for?
The USA Principle is a common sense approach to automation and process improvement projects. - U means Understand the existing proces - S stands for Simplify the process - A stands for Automated the process

1.15

The text lists ten strategies for automation and process improvement. Identify five of these strategies.
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Specialization of operations Combined operations Simultaneous operations Integration of operations Increased flexibility

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Assignment Advance Manufacturing

1.16

What is an automation migration strategy?


An automation migration strategy is a structured plan for evolving the manufacturing systems so it can be used to produce new products as demand grows.

1.17

What are the three phases of a typical automation migration strategy?


1) 2) 3) Phase 1 Manual production Phase 2 Automated production Phase 3 Automated integrated production

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