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Water A colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless liquid that forms the seas, lakes, rivers, and rain.

Everything is made of atoms. An atom is the smallest particle of an element, like oxygen or hydrogen. Atoms join together to form molecules. A water molecule has three atoms: two hydrogen (H) atoms and one oxygen (O) atom. That's why water is sometimes referred to as H2O.When these three atoms come together, they form a strong bond that is difficult to break. The strength of this bond keeps a water molecule together for millions and even billions of years.

What three form that Water can take?

Water can occur in three states: solid (ice), liquid, or gas (vapor). Solid water Ice is frozen water. When water freezes, its molecules move farther apart, making ice less dense than water. This means that ice will be lighter than the same volume of water, and so ice will float in water. Water freezes at 0 Celsius, 32 Fahrenheit. Liquid water It is wet and fluid. This is the form of water with which we are most familiar. We use liquid water in many ways, including washing and drinking. Water as a gas Vapor is always present in the air around us. You cannot see it. When you boil water, the water changes from a liquid to a gas or water vapor. As some of the water vapor cools, we see it as a small cloud called steam. This cloud of steam is a mini version of the clouds we see in the sky. At sea level, steam is formed at 100 Celsius, 212 Fahrenheit.

The Hydrologic Cycle

or The water cycle or hydrologic is a continuous cycle where water evaporates, travels into the air and becomes part of a cloud, falls down to earth as precipitation, and then evaporates again. This repeats again and again in a never-ending cycle. Water keeps moving and changing from a solid to a liquid to a gas, over and over again. Precipitation creates runoff that travels over the ground surface and helps to fill lakes and rivers. It also percolates or moves downward through openings in the soil to replenish aquifers under the ground. Some places receive more precipitation than others do. These areas are usually close to oceans or large bodies of water that allow more water to evaporate and form clouds. Other areas receive less precipitation. Often these areas are far from water or near mountains. As clouds move up and over mountains, the water vapor condenses to form precipitation and freezes. Snow falls on the peaks. .Would you believe that a dinosaur could have once used your last drink of water? Water on earth today has been here for millions of years. Because of the water cycle, water moves from the earth to the air to the earth again. It changes from solid to liquid to gas, over and over again.

http://www.drinktap.org/kidsdnn/Portals/5/story_of_water/html/hydrocyc le.htm

Water on Earth About 70% of the earths surface is covered with water. Ninety-seven percent of the water on the earth is salt water. Salt water is filled with salt and other minerals, and humans cannot drink this water. Although the salt can be removed, it is a difficult and expensive process. Two percent of the water on earth is glacier ice at the North and South Poles. This ice is fresh water and could be melted; however, it is too far away from where people live to be usable. Less than 1% of all the water on earth is fresh water that we can actually use. We use this small amount of water for drinking, transportation, heating and cooling, industry, and many other purposes.

How to Save Water


Water is a finite natural resource that must be conserved; it is limited and scarce in many places. Even if you live in an area with ample rainfall, using water uses energy to process it, pump it, heat it, pump it, and process it again. Here are some ways to save water. Water can be saved in two ways: a. Internally b. Externally a. Internally: Internally means the indoor prevention of water from improper use. Following are the ways in which we can save water internally: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Install a water meter. Check your plumbing for leaks, especially leaking toilets and faucets. Install low-flow shower heads and faucets or faucet aerators. Turn the faucet/tap off while you are brushing your teeth, shaving, washing your hands, doing dishes, and so on Use waste water or gray water from the bath, washing machines or dish washing on the garden.

b. Externally Following are the ways in which we can save water externally:

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Catch the rain. Use it for watering your plants, lawn or garden. Water the garden and lawn at night. Water only the areas that need it. Water deeply but less often. Plant small trees under big trees. Grow plants with like water needs together. Use environmentally friendly cleansers. This will enable you to reuse waste water from washing to water the lawn or garden.

General Water Saving Tips i. Create an awareness of the need for water conservation among children. Avoid the purchase of recreational water toys that require a constant stream of water. Be aware of and follow all water-conservation and water-shortage rules and restrictions, which may be in effect in your area. Patronize businesses which practice and promote water conservation. Report all significant water losses (broken pipes, open hydrants, errant sprinklers, etc.) to the property owner or local authorities. Report abandoned free-flowing wells to the water management district. Encourage your school system and local government to help develop and promote a water conservation ethic among children and adults. Support projects that will lead to an increased use of reclaimed wastewater for irrigation and other uses. Encourage your friends and neighbors to be part of a water-conscious community. Promote water conservation in community newsletters, on bulletin boards and by example. Conserve water because it is the right thing to do. Don't waste water just because someone else is footing the bill such as when you are staying at a hotel. Try to do one thing each day that will result in a savings of water. Don't worry if it is minimal. Every drop counts. And every person can make a difference.

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Value of Water

Some of the Earths water supply is temporarily locked up within the many life forms found across the Earths biosphere. This water makes up a majority of most organisms, and is a critical component, making the processes of life possible. Some organisms are made up of 95% water, while almost all are more than half water. The value of water can be predominantly measured from the followings: the only substance on Earth that is in liquid form at the temperatures commonly found on the surface of our planet. a superb solvent, meaning that other substances regularly and easily dissolve into it. Possess the unique property of expanding as it freezes. Critical Thinking Imagine what would happen if water became more dense? It would sink, allowing another layer of water to freeze. Eventually all the water across the entire surface of our planet would freeze, making life impossible.

Fun Facts

Without water, the earth would look like the moon.

All living things need water to live. People can live several weeks without food, but only a few days without water. We should drink six to eight glasses of water each day! Water makes up 83% of our blood, 70% of our brain, and 90% of our lungs. Overall, our bodies are 70% water. A tomato is about 95% water. An apple, a pineapple, and an ear of corn are each 80% water.

Conservation Tips

Check household faucets for leaks. A faucet with even a slow drip takes 10 to 25 gallons of water. Just think, 15 drips per minute add up to almost 3 gallons of water wasted per day, 65 gallons wasted per month, and 788 gallons wasted per year! Keep showers to 5 minutes or less in length. A five-minute shower takes 10 to 25 gallons of water. Keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator. Then you won't have to run tap water to cool it. Use a broom to sweep your driveway, garage, or sidewalk instead of using water. Use a bucket of water to wash your bike or the family car and rinse quickly with a hose. Water your lawn in the evening or in the early morning to avoid evaporation. Be careful to water only the lawn and not the sidewalk or street. Use water only when you need it. Don't leave water running; be sure to turn it off when you are finished.

Advantages of Water Water being available almost everywhere around us gets neglected by most of us. Have you ever heard anyone say dont drink excess water? The word excess does not hold good when it comes to water, the more you take the more you are benefited. There are certain things which only water can provide and these are:

Water can be used as a renewable resource to create power and energy. Drinking 8 glasses of water everyday can reduce the risk of colon cancer by 45%, bladder cancer by 50% and even the risk of breast cancer. Water is the only product that can be consumed without any restrictions. Water prevents the formation of stones in kidney. Water frequently helps clean the bladder and thus maintain the system without any major trouble. Drinking heaps of water helps in maintaining the elasticity of the skin thus helps one to look young and fresh always. Water can cure all kidney related problem if diagnosed in the early stages. Regular water consumption prevents urinary infection. Regular water intake has known to reduce all major skin problems including acne and even blemishes caused due to acne. Water is known to hydrate the system well thus giving glow and shine to the skin.