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Chemlok

Chemlok 205/220 Rubber-to-Metal Adhesive System


Description
Chemlok 220 adhesive bonds a variety of elastomers during vulcanization. Adhesion is greatly improved when Chemlok 220 adhesive is used in conjunction with Chemlok 205 primer. This ensures a stronger bond to metal substrates and increases the environmental resistance of the elastomer-tometal bonded assembly.

Features and Benefits


Versatile bonds a wide variety of rubbers such as: natural rubber, SBR, polychloroprene, nitrile, and polyisoprene to various metals and other rigid substrates. Environmental Resistance provides superior resistance to heat, water, salt spray, chemicals, oils, solvents, and corrosive atmospheres. Easy to Apply can be applied to metal parts in a variety of ways, including: dip, spray, brush, or roller coat methods.

Table 1: Typical Properties of Chemlok 205/220 Adhesive System* Chemlok 205 Primer Composition A mixture of polymers, organic compounds, and mineral fillers dissolved or dispersed in an organic solvent system. Gray Liquid 22.0-26.0% 7.6-8.1 910-970 85-165 Chemlok 220 Adhesive A mixture of polymers, organic compounds, and mineral fillers dissolved or dispersed in an organic solvent system. Black Liquid 23.0-27.0% 8.7-9.1 1042-1049 135-300

Appearance Non-Volatile Content by weight Density lbs/gal kg/m3 Viscosity (cps) Brookfield LVT spindle #2 30 rpm @ 77F (25C) Zahn #2 Flash Point (Seta) Solvents Shelf Life**

28 seconds 66F (19C) MIBK, MEK, xylene One year

45-90 seconds 83F (28C) Xylene, perchloroethylene Two years

* Data is typical and not to be used for specification purposes. **From date of shipment, unopened container, storage @ 70-80F (21-27C).

Surface Preparation Metal Preparation


Thoroughly clean metal surfaces prior to primer application. Remove protective oils, cutting oils, greases, etc. by solvent degreasing or alkaline cleaning. Remove rust, scale, or oxide coatings by mechanical or chemical cleaning methods. Apply Chemlok 205 primer to stainless steel, aluminum, brass, or other nonferrous substrates within one-half hour after cleaning. For ferrous substrates such as steel, a longer layover can be tolerated if no rust is formed. For additional information on Chemlok 205 primer, refer to Bulletin DS92050L.

When using Chemlok 205 as a primer under Chemlok 220 adhesive, apply a thin uniform coat of the primer over the prepared metal. A dry film thickness of 0.2 - 0.4 mils (5-10 microns) is normal. Then apply Chemlok 220 adhesive over the Chemlok 205 primer layer. A dry film thickness of 0.5 -1.0 mils (25-50 microns) is normal. These thicknesses can be obtained using the guidelines shown in Table 2. Optimum film thickness is dependent on the rubber formulation and the level of adhesion required. Allow the adhesive to dry until visual examination shows that all solvent has evaporated. Drying time, at room temperature, will take approximately 30 to 45 minutes for the Chemlok 205 primer and 45 to 60 minutes for the Chemlok 220 adhesive. Drying times may be shortened by the use of hot air drying ovens or tunnels. Moderate drying temperatures of 150-200F (66-93C) are satisfactory, but temperatures as high as 300F (149C) may be used for short periods of time. Actual metal temperature should not exceed 180F (83C). Maximum air flow at minimum temperatures will give the best results. Refer to the Chemlok Guide to Application and Handling for further details.

Rubber Preparation
Good bonding practice requires the presentation of a fresh, free-flowing stock surface to the bond interface. Excessive heat during preparation may pre-cure the stock and interfere with bond formation. Certain compounding ingredients such as oil and plasters may detract from the bondability of many natural and synthetic rubber compounds. Avoid excessive amounts of oily or waxy compounding ingredients that have limited solubility in the polymer. Milling or mixing techniques should assure maximum dispersion of all ingredients. Proper rubber compounding, adequate scorch-time, and appropriate wetting at the elastomer-adhesive interface will improve adhesion.

Curing
Chemlok 220 adhesive can be used to bond rubber by compression, transfer, injection molding, or by other molding procedures used to make bonded parts. As with other Chemlok adhesives, maximum adhesion is obtained when the rubber stock has completely cured. Ideal bonding conditions exist when both the adhesive and the rubber cure at the same time. To accomplish this, the adhesive coated metal parts should be placed in the mold and the cavity filled with rubber as quickly as possible. Dry films of Chemlok 205 primer and Chemlok 220 adhesive remain firm at molding temperatures. During transfer or injection molding operations, the adhesive shows minimal tendency to wipe or sweep. Loading of multiple-cavity molds usually results in pre-baking the first metal parts to be loaded. Be aware that during multiple-cavity loading, the pre-baking begins with the first loaded metal parts. Keep mold loading cycles to a minimum to prevent adhesive and rubber pre-curing.

Mixing
Stir both Chemlok 205 primer and Chemlok 220 adhesive thoroughly before use. Agitate sufficiently during use to keep dispersed solids uniformly suspended. Use a high speed propeller type agitator or the agitator supplied with the drum.

Application
Chemlok 205 primer and Chemlok 220 adhesive can be applied by using spray, dip, brush application methods, or by any method that gives a uniform coating and avoids excessive runs and tears. When using brushing or roller coating methods, the best bonds will be achieved by a uniform and complete surface coverage. When dipping, proper withdrawal will help reduce the occurrence of tears and drip edges. When spraying, the adhesive must by wet when it reaches the metal part. If drying occurs in the air before reaching the metal, cobwebbing and poor adhesion will result.

However, Chemlok 220 adhesive will resist moderate pre-baking times without effecting bond performance. Transfer or injection molds need properly designed runners and sprues, as well as adequate pressures. This prevents rubber precuring before the mold cavities are completely filled.

Storage
Store unopened container at 40F - 90F (4C - 32C), and preferably at 70F - 80F (21C - 27C).

Performance Tests Using Chemlok 205 Primer and Chemlok 220 Adhesive
A. Bonding to Various Rubber Stocks Test results given in Table 3 show that a variety of rubber stocks can by bonded using Chemlok 220 adhesive. Cold rolled steel was selected as a typical metal for these tests. The steel was prepared by vapor degreasing, blasting with steel grit, and vapor degreasing again. An exceptionally wide variety of stocks can be bonded with Chemlok 220 adhesive although variations in compounding can cause differences in the bondability of some rubber stocks. In such cases, specially designed Chemlok adhesives are available. B. Bonding to Various Substrates Tests results given in Table 4 revealed two outstanding features of Chemlok adhesives; 1 The ability to bond a wide variety of substrates using Chemlok 205 primer with Chemlok 220 adhesive, 2 The ability to bond many substrates with a minimum of surface treatment. C. Environmental Resistance Test results given in Table 5 demonstrate the resistance of Chemlok bonded assemblies in adverse environments. Test samples were stressed with a high peel load during environmental exposures in order to encourage failure.

Clean Up
Solvents such as xylene and MEK have been shown to work well before heat is applied. Once cured, cleaning can best be accomplished by mechanical blasting methods.

Subsequent Processing
Although the hot tear strength of Chemlok 205 and Chemlok 220 adhesive is excellent, care should still be used when removing parts form the mold. Bonds formed with Chemlok 205 primer and Chemlok 220 adhesive are resistant to many adverse environmental conditions. Electroplating or anodizing of metal parts after fabrication will not affect bond strength. However, bonded assemblies should not be treated with ketone base paints or solutions as bond strength may be weakened.

Packaging
1 Gallon Can 5 Gallon Pail 55 Gallon Drum

Table 2: Dilution by Volume* Adhesive Chemlok 205 Primer Brush Use as received Dip Use as received, or add up to 20% MEK or MIBK. Suggested viscosity - 20 to 30 seconds Zahn #2 Cup Use as received, or add 5 to 10% xylene or toluene. Suggested viscosity - 35 to 40 seconds Zahn #2 Cup Spray Add 10 to 30% MEK or MIBK. Suggested viscosity - 18 to 20 seconds Zahn #2 Cup Add 25 to 50% xylene or toluene. Suggested viscosity - 22 to 28 seconds Zahn #2 Cup

Chemlok 220 Adhesive

Use as received

* Careful attention should be given to agitation since dilution will accelerate settling

Table 3: Performance Test A Results* Rubber Natural Rubber Natural Rubber Natural - SBR Blend SBR SBR (Oil Extended) Neoprene GNA Neoprene WRT Butyl Nitrile Tested at Room Temperature Pounds per inch Percent rubber 89 100 77 100 141 100 135 100 88 100 92 100 88 100 62 100 78 95 Tested at 250F (121C) Pounds per inch Percent Rubber 99 100 40 100 65 100 40 100 50 100 22 100 29 100 39 100 26 100

*Data is typical and not to be used for specification purposes.

Table 4: Performance Test B Results* SBR Compound Chemlok 205 Primer/220 Adhesive Pounds per inch Percent Rubber 165 100 152 100 157 100 170 100 138 160 151 163 158 163 160 161 159 157 170 165 149 154 161 155 151 168 147 158 124 85 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 90 95 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 26 100
4

Substrate Steel - Cold rolled (no scale or rust)

Surface Treatment Degreased1 Alkaline Cleaned Grit Blasted2 Phosphatized Degreased Sand Blasted Degreased Grit Blasted Degreased Sand Blasted Alodized Anodized Degreased Degreased Chemically Treated3 Sand Blasted Degreased Chemically Treated Sand Blasted Degreased Chemically Treated3 Sand Blasted Degreased Solvent Wiped Solvent Wiped

Steel - Galvanized Steel - Stainless Aluminum

Magnesium Brass

Brass - Leaded

Copper

Titanium Nylon - Molded Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic

* Data is typical and not to be used for specification purposes. 1Throughout these tests, Degreased means processed in a vapor degreasing unit using chlorinated solvent. 2Throughout these tests, Blasted means vapor degreased, blasted with a specific abrasive grit, and again vapor degreased. 3Ammonium Persulfate treatment. Details available upon request. 4Failure of substrate.

Table 5: Performance Test C Results* Environmental Resistance of Steel-Rubber Units Bonded with Chemlok 205 Primer and Chemlok 220 Adhesive Percent Rubber Retention 95 100 99

Test Conditions Boiling Water - 2 hours [stressed] 95% Relative Humidity 70 hrs. @100F (38C) [stressed] Moisture saturated oxygen bomb 48 hrs. @158F (70C) [stressed]
*Data is typical and not to be used for specification purposes.

Rubber Natural Neoprene Neoprene

Adhesive System Chemlok 205/220 Chemlok 205/220 Chemlok 205/220

Values stated in this bulletin represent typical values as not all tests are run on each lot of material produced. For formalized product specifications for specific product end uses, contact the Customer Service Department. Information provided herein is based upon tests believed to be reliable. Inasmuch as Lord Corporation has no control over the manner in which others may use this information, it does not guarantee the results to be obtained. In addition, Lord Corporation does not guarantee the performance of the product or the results obtained from the use of the product or this information where the product has been repackaged by any third party including but not limited to any product end user. Nor does the company make any express or implied warranty of merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose concerning the effects or results of such use.
Lord and Chemlok are registered trademarks of Lord Techmark, Inc., a subsidiary of Lord Corporation. DS92050/220

Cautionary Information
Before using this or any other Lord product refer to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and label for safe use and handling. For additional information, contact Lord Corporation at: 814/868-3611 extension 3277, FAX: 814/864-3452 or write: Lord Corporation, Chemical Products, 2000 West Grandview Blvd., P.O. Box 10038, Erie, PA 16514-0038

Printed in USA

1998, Lord Corporation 5/98

LORD

Chemical Products