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A PROJECT REPORT ON HEALTH & FITNESS Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the Award of the Degree of Bachelor in Business

Administration 2009-2012.

Under the guidance of: Mrs. Shilpi Mahajan. AssistantProfessor.

Submitted by: Akanksha Singh 03161101709 Sonal Mahendru 03361101709

MAHARAJA AGRASEN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES


(Affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi) PSP, Plot No. 1 Sector 22, Rohini, Delhi 10086.

STUDENT UNDERTAKING
This is to certify that I have completed the Project titled HEALTH & FITNESS under the guidance of Mrs.Shilpi Mahajan in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of degree of Bachelor of Business Administration at Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Management Studies, Delhi. This is an original piece of work & we have not submitted it earlier elsewhere.

AKANKSHA SINGH Enrollment No.: 03161101709 BBA (2S) V Semester A Sec.

SONAL MAHENDRU Enrollment No.: 03361101709 BBA (2S) V Semester A Sec.

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project titled HEALTH & FITNESS is an academic work done by Akanksha singh& Sonal mahendru submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Business Administration from Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Management Studies, Delhi, under my guidance and direction. To the best of my knowledge and belief the data and information presented by them in the project has not been submitted earlier.

Mrs. Shilpi Mahajan (Asst. Professor)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
In preparation of this report by me, we feel great pleasure because it gives me extensive practical knowledge in our career. We get idea about Indian Life Insurance Industry by this project.

We are thankful to Ms. Shilpie Mahajan (Faculty Guide) for valuable inspiration and guidance provided us through out the course of this project. They have patient and critically gone the subject matter.

We would like to take opportunity to express my gratitude towards all of them who have contributed directly or indirectly in my project work

AKANKSHA SINGH Enrollment No.: 03161101709 BBA (2S) V Semester A Sec.

SONAL MAHENDRU Enrollment No.: 03361101709 BBA (2S) V Semester A Sec.

SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
To be used efficiently, all computer software needs certain hardware components or other software resources to be present on a computer other software resources to be present on a computer. These pre-requisites are known as system requirements. This HTML project requires certain minimum system requirement.

Hardware Minimum 128 MB of RAM or higher recommended. PC with 233 MHz minimum required (single or dual processor) Keyboard , mouse or compatible pointing device

Software Windows Operating System A good internet connection

Language Used HTML

Program Used Notepad

TECHNOLOGY USED
HTML: Hypertext Markup Language is the predominant markup language for web pages. It provides a means to describe the structure of text-based information in a document by denoting certain text as headings, paragraphs, lists, and so on and to supplement that text with interactive forms, embedded images, and other objects. HTML is written in the form of labels (known as tags), surrounded by angle brackets. HTML can also describe, to some degree, the appearance and semantics of a document, and can include embedded scripting language code which can affect the behavior of web browsers and other HTML processors.

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT


The scope of the website HEALTH & FITNESS is That it provides a complete information about the health and fitness. The website can be used by various organisations to gain various information about health and fitness. The website gives information on various things health issues like: headache, acne, diabetes, migraine, stress, blood pressure etc The information provided in the website can be of great help in case of any emergency. This website helps in spreading awareness about the basic ailnessess.

INSTRUCTIONS
Open the web browser. Type www.health and fitness.com on the address bar. Now the website is open we can click on any link to reach at related page. Then, the related pages can be opened on the same web browser window and all the relevant information can be obtained.

HOME PAGE

<head> <title>try</title> </head> <align=top><img src="applesbg1.gif"> <TR><!-- begin left column --> <TD class=style3vAlign=topwidth=210> <TABLE cellSpacing=0cellPadding=0width=142border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=navlinecolSpan=4><IMG height=1alt="" src="shim.gif" width=1></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=navonbgbgColor=#236194>&nbsp;</TD> <TD class=navline2><IMG height=22alt="" src="shim.gif" width=1></TD> <TD class=navoffbg2><A class=navoffbg2 href="Fitness Mantra.html"><SPAN class=navoffbg2>Fitness Mantra</SPAN></A></TD> <TD class=navcurve2><IMG height=22alt="" src="left_curve.gif" width=12></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=navlinecolSpan=4><IMG height=1alt="" src="shim.gif" width=1></TD></TR>

<TR> <TD class=navlinecolSpan=4><IMG height=1alt="" src="shim.gif" width=1></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=smallcopygreybgColor=#236194>&nbsp;</TD> <TD class=navline2>&nbsp;</TD> <TD class=navoffbg2colSpan=2><A class=navoffbg2 href="Active Health Programs.html"><SPAN class=navoffbg2>Active Health Programs</SPAN></A></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=smallcopygreybgColor=#ffffffcolSpan=4><IMG height=1 src="clear.gif" width=1></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=navlinecolSpan=4><IMG height=1alt="" src="shim.gif" width=1></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=smallcopygreybgColor=#236194>&nbsp;</TD> <TD class=navline2>&nbsp;</TD> <TD class=navoffbg2colSpan=2><A class=navoffbg2 href="health tips.html"><SPAN class=navoffbg2>Health Tips</SPAN></A></TD></TR> <bg="applesbg1.gif"> <TR>

<TD bgColor=#bbd6ef>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top bgColor=#bbd6ef>&nbsp;</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY>< /TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD><!-- end left column --> <TD vAlign=topwidth=800> <TABLE cellSpacing=3cellPadding=0width="100%" border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD> <TABLE cellSpacing=0cellPadding=0width="100%" align=center border=1> <TBODY> <TR vAlign=topbgColor=#c6dbf4> <TD width=773bgColor=#f3e0d1> <TABLE cellSpacing=3cellPadding=0width="100%" bgColor=#f6e4d6border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD width=20><IMG height=180 src="Punjabkesari_files/diseaes.jpg" width=270></TD> <TD width="80%"><SPAN class=subpad><h1>Diseases &amp; Cure</h1></SPAN></TD></TR><br><br>

<TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <lh> <li><A class=tocbg href="Acne.html">Acne</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top>

<li><A class=tocbg href="Anaemia.html">Anaemia</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg href="asthma.html">Asthma</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg

href="high blood pressure.html">High blood pressure</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg href="Common Cold.html">Common Cold</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg href="conjunctivitis.html">Conjunctivitis</A>

</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg href="Dandruff.html">Dandruff</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> <TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg href="Obesity.html">Obesity</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE>

<TR> <TD vAlign=topalign=left> <TABLE width=132border=0valign="top"> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=all style="text-transformation: capitalize" vAlign=top> <li><A class=tocbg href="Dengue.html">Dengue</A> </TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE> </html>

<html> <head> <title>Acne</title> </head> <align=top><img src="applesbg1.gif"> <body bgcolor="#bbd6ef"> <h1> <b><i><font color="#236194" fontface="monotype corsiva"><center><u>Acne</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <TD> <DIV align=right><IMG height=150hspace=5 src="anaemia.gif" width=150 vspace=2border=0></DIV></TD> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">general info about Acne/Pimples</font> <p> Acne known as Pimples is a common disorder developed in teenagers and at times in young adults due to the inflammation of skin, as superficial skin eruption caused by the blockage of skin pores. Usually acne appears on the face but can extend to neck, chest and back also. Achondroplasia is one of the oldest known birth defects. An average figure worldwide is approximately 1 in 25,000 births.

</p> <li type=disc><font color="red">What are the causes of Acne?</font> <ul> <p> During adolescence, there is a sudden spurt in the secretion of sex hormones that cause increased formation of oils (sebum) from the sebaceous glands of the skin. </p> <p> Sebaceous glands are secretory glands that open into hair follicles and skin pores. There is accumulation of oily secretions from the sebaceous glands due to blockage of the external pores in the skin. Consequently, the oils and dead skin cells are trapped, and form small "plugs" known as "comedones" within the hair follicles of the skin. Bacteria act on these plugs aggrevating the infection and causes the inflammation of the skin eruptions. </p> <p> The plug causes the hair follicle to bulge causing white heads and if the top of the plug is darkened, it becomes blackheads. If the plug causes the wall of the follicle to rupture, the oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria found normally on the surface of the skin can enter the skin and form small infected areas called pustules also known as pimples or "zits". </p> <p>

Family history of acne can also contribute to the development of acne. Other hormonal changes, can occur with menstrual periods, pregnancy, use of birth control pills, or stress and can aggravate acne. </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">What are the symptoms of Acne ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle>Acne appears as rash on the face or neck. This rash can become a red and painful pustule. <li type=circle>Presence of white heads and black heads can also lead to inflammation. Inflammation can be formed around the skin lesions. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can we diagnose Acne ?</font> <ul> <p> Diagnosis is based on the appearance of the skin.Normally no tests are required. </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can Acne be treated ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle><b>Prevention</b>Treatment is designed to prevent formation of new lesions and aid the healing of the old lesions.

<li type=circle><b>Medicines</b>that dry up the oil or promote skin peeling is applied on the affected part of skin. Antibiotics are applied if the acne is infected. <li type=circle><b>Surgical intervention</b>If the acne does not heal after a few days and produces cysts surgical intervention including professional (chemical) skin peeling, removal of eruptions, scars and removal or drainage of cysts is done. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Common facts about Acne :- </font> Acne appears as white or red bumps and are painful to touch. <ul> <li type=circle>Whiteheads are formed due to trapped oil and debris within the hair follicles of the skin. <li type=circle>If whiteheads are formed in the deeper layers, a soft, fluctuant mass called a cyst appears. <li type=circle>Blackheads are open and dark in color. This is due to melanin pigment and not dirt. <li type=circle>The plugged wall of the follicle ruptures on to the skin surface, and can get infected by bacteria and form pimples or "zits". <li type=circle>Small red bumps are called papules. Larger red bumps are called nodules. <li type=circle>A pustule is a whitish yellow squeezable spot due to the accumulation of pus inside. After the lesions heal, they leave behind scars that form permanent marks on the skin. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Home remedy for prevention of pimples :-</font>

<ul> <li type=circle>The tendency to develop acne is inherited. Although acne cannot be prevented, careful cleanliness can help to lessen the effects. <li type=circle>Clean the skin gently but thoroughly with soap and water to remove dirt or make-up <li type=circle>Use a clean cloth to dry the face every day to prevent bacterial reinfection. <li type=circle>Use steam or warm, moist compresses to open up clogged pores. <li type=circle>Use topical astringents to remove excess oil. <li type=circle>Don't squeeze, scratch, pick, or rub lesions. These activities can increase skin damage. <li type=circle>Wash your hands before and after caring for skin lesions to reduce the chance of infection. <li type=circle>Identify and avoid anything that aggrevates acne. This may include oily foods, lotions, make-up, and so on. Avoid greasy cosmetics or creams, which can aggrevate acne. <li type=circle>Stress can add to the acne problem. </ul> </ul> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>Anaemia</title> </head> <body bgcolor="#bbd6ef"> <h1> <b><i><font color="#236194" fontface="monotype corsiva"><center><u>Anaemia</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <TD> <DIV align=right><IMG height=150hspace=5 src="anaemia.gif" width=150 vspace=2border=0></DIV></TD> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">general info about Anaemia</font> <ul> <p> It is a condition in the body when supply of iron to bone marrow falls short of that required for the production of red blood cells. It is the commonest cause of Anemia throughout the world. </p> <p> "There are casesin which [the blood's] amount of globules falls much below the physiological mean, and diminishing more and more, reaches a proportion so low that we can scarcely comprehend how, with so few globules in the blood, life can still be maintained. This

diminution, in different degrees, of the globular element of the blood is the fundamental character of Anemia, a condition which is the opposite of plethora." </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">What are the causes of Anaemia ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle>Increased physiological demand for more red blood cells, eg: increased physical activity. <li type=circle>In children, during spurts of growth. <li type=circle>In women during menstruation, pregnancy, parturition and lactation. <li type=circle>Inadequate dietary intake due to poor economic reasons or dietary foods. <li type=circle>Decreased absorption due to disorders in the digestive system. <li type=circle>Peptic ulcer, piles, hiatus hernia, carcinoma of stomach, carcinoma colon, chronic ingestion of a certain type of pain relievers, hookworm infestation. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">What are the symptoms of Anaemia ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle>General malaise, weakness, fatigue, breathlessness on exertion, palpitations, angina. <li type=circle>Desire to eat sand and clay. <li type=circle>Menorrhagia common in women </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can we diagnose Anaemia ?</font> <ul>

<li type=circle>Blood tests to detect the various components of blood is carried out for proper diagnosis. <li type=circle>Red blood cell count may be normal or decreased. <li type=circle>Peripheral blood smear shows pale small cells. <li type=circle>White blood cell count is usually normal. <li type=circle>Blood iron is reduced or decreased. <li type=circle>Total iron binding capacity of blood shows an increase. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can Anaemia be treated ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle>As there are many factors causing Anemia, the main treatment is for the cause. <li type=circle>Correction of disorder causing Anemia. <li type=circle>Correction of iron deficiency - to restore hemoglobin level. <li type=circle>To replenish iron stores. <li type=circle>Oral iron administration is advised. <li type=circle>Total iron binding capacity of blood shows an increase. </ul> </ul> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>Asthma</title> </head> <body bgcolor="#bbd6ef"> <h1> <b><i><font color="#236194" fontface="monotype

corsiva"><center><u>Asthma</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <TD> <DIV align=right><IMG height=150hspace=5 src="asthma.gif" width=150 vspace=2border=0></DIV></TD> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">general info about Asthma</font> <ul> <p> Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world. Perhaps the most commonly discussed respiratory disease after the common cold. The word asthma is derived from a Greek work meaning 'breathlessness or panting" both of which accurately describe an attack of asthma. </p>

<p> "Among the Diseases whereby the Region of the breath is wont to be infested, if you regard their tyranny and cruelty, an Asthma (which is sometimes by reason of a peculiar symptom denominated likewise an Orthopnoea) doth not deserve the last place; for there is scarce any thing more sharp and terrible than the fits there of Breathing, whereby we chiefly live, is very much hindered by the assault of this disease, and is in danger, or runs the risk of being quite taken away."-Thomas Willis, 1674 </p> <p> An asthma attack leads to lung infection, tiredness and cough and it is not surprising that asthma is a leading medical cause of absenteeism of children from school and adults from work The attack can be seasonal when the pollen count is high in the atmosphere. An attack of asthma leads to breathing difficulties and the attack can be acute when it lasts for a short period or chronic when it lasts for days. The attack can also be mild or severe and a life threatening one. </p> <p> An asthma attack leads to lung infection, tiredness and cough and it is not surprising that asthma is a leading medical cause of absenteeism of children from school and adults from work The attack can be seasonal when the pollen count is high in the atmosphere. An attack of asthma leads to breathing difficulties and the attack can be acute when it lasts for a short period or chronic when it lasts for days. The attack can also be mild or severe and a life threatening one. </p> <p>

The conservative estimates are that about 300 million people are suffering from the condition worldwide. In India, there are approx. 40 million who have the disease and the number is rising everyday. In recent decade there has been a global increase in the burden of the disease among both children and adults. This maybe due to westernization of lifestyles and increasing atmospheric pollution. By 2025.there are likely to be 400 million asthma sufferers worldwide. The more worrying aspect of the disease is that it accounts for about 1 in every 250 deaths worldwide and 90% of these deaths are preventable. Most deaths are due to delay in seeking help and sub-optimal long-term treatment strategies due to the lack of education and awareness about the disease. </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">What happens to lungs </font> <ul> <p> Asthma is a condition in which the airways of the lungs become either narrowed or completely blocked, obstructing normal breathing. This obstruction of the lungs, however, is reversible, either spontaneously or with medication. That is why asthma is technically called Reversible Obstructive Airway Disease (ROAD). The basic abnormality causing asthma is the hyper responsive reaction of the body to specific and non-specific stimuli. </p> <p> Air reaches the lung through the windpipe (trachea), which divides into two large tubes (bronchi), one for each lung. Each bronchi further divides into many little tubes (bronchioles),

which eventually lead to tiny air sacs (alveoli), in which oxygen from the air is transferred to the bloodstream, and carbon dioxide from the bloodstream is transferred to the air </p> <p> Although the airways normally have the potential for constricting in response to allergens or irritants, the asthmatics airways are more prone to constriction due to increased response to allergens. This insult makes the airways more prone to infection leading to inflammation and swelling causing further constriction of the pipes. Infection also causes increased mucus production and this clogs the narrowed airways. </p> <p> Once the airways have become obstructed, it takes more effort to force air through them and breathing becomes labored. This forcing of air through constricted airways can make a whistling sound, called wheezing. Irritation of the airways by excessive mucus may also provoke coughing. </p> <p> Because exhaling through the obstructed airways is difficult, too much stale air remains in the lungs after each breath. This decreases the amount of fresh air which can be taken in with each new breath, so not only is there less oxygen available for the whole body, but more importantly, the high concentration of carbon dioxide in the lungs causes the blood supply to become acidic. This acidity in the blood may rise to toxic levels if the asthma remains untreated. </p>

</ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Factors that trigger asthma</font> <ul> <p> Asthma episodes can be triggered by a variety of factors, most notably: allergens, Infections, environmental pollutants or non-specific stimuli such as exercise and emotional states </p> <p> Between 50 and 70 per cent of adults with asthma suffer from allergies. In children under three years of age, viral infections are likely to be the most common trigger. After three years, allergies also begin to play an increasing role as a trigger. </p> <p> After 20 years of age, occupational exposure to toxic substances and allergens also can be important triggers for asthma. </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Common allergens</font> <ul> <p> <b>Common allergens associated with asthmatic responses are : </b> </p> <li type=circle><b>Foods</b>:Nuts, peanuts, chocolate, eggs, citrus fruits, milk

<li type=circle><b>Plants or plant products</b>:Pollens, grasses, mold spores <li type=circle><b>Animal or insect materials </b>:Dust mites, animal dangers, feathers, canine or feline saliva Numerous scientific studies have shown that avoidance of specific allergens in patients with asthma who have been previously sensitized will result in improved asthma symptoms and decreased medication requirements </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Anatomy</font> <ul> <p> When the respiratory system is working properly, the air we breathe passes in and out of the lungs through a network of airways. But for people with asthma, even a minor irritant will set off an immune response that can shut down the airways. </p> <p> Asthmatic symptoms are usually quite variable, someone with asthma may go for periods of time without symptoms, and then suddenly have severe episodes for days at a time. The most common symptom is wheezing </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Diagnosis</font> <ul> <p>

Blood analysis may show increase in the number of eosinophils (Eosinophil is a specific type of white blood cell that increases in allergic reactions). </p> <li type=circle>Sputum examination may show increased eosinophils <li type=circle>The level of a certain antibodies can be elevated. <li type=circle>Chest X ray may show abnormality in the airway. <li type=circle>Arterial blood gas analysis shows decreased oxygen concentration in blood. <li type=circle><b>Pulmonary function tests </b>(lung function tests) are helpful in judging severity of airway obstruction. To do this test a spirometer is used and the test is often called spirometery . A spirometer is an instrument that measures the maximum volume one can exhale after breathing in as much as one can .There are various values that are calculated and the interpretation of the test is done looking at a combination of values. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can Asthma be treated ?</font> <ul> <p> Remember asthma cannot be completely cured but can be prevented. Treatment of asthma can be divided into two broad categories: </p> <li type=circle>Treatment of Acute attacks of asthma using quick-relief medications <li type=circle>Long Term treatment strategies </ul><br>

<font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red">Treating an Acute attack of asthma </font><br> <p> The quick-relief medications work by relaxing bronchial smooth muscle and are called broncho-dilators. These can reverse an acute attack in a short time. </p> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red">During an acute attack of Asthma the following should be done:</font><br> <ul> <li type=circle>Always keep your blue inhaler with you. <li type=circle>Take a puff from the inhaler <li type=circle>Loosen any tight clothing and sit-up. <li type=circle>Open the windows of the room if room is warm and humid. <li type=circle>If no immediate improvement felt during an attack, continue to take one puff of inhaler every minute for 3 to 5 minutes or until symptoms improve <li type=circle>If your symptoms do not improve in five minutes or if you are in doubt, call your doctor or visit the nearest hospital </ul><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red">It is important to recognize a life threatening attacks of asthma. This situation should be suspected if -</font><br> <ul> The reliever (blue) inhaler does not help. <br> The symptoms get worse (cough, breathless, wheeze, tight chest). <br>

If you are too breathless to even speak </ul><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red">Long-term treatment strategies:</font><br> <ul> <li type=circle>Controlling the environmental factors <li type=circle>Controlling asthma attacks by taking regular medications <li type=circle>Monitoring Lung Function regularly </ul><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red">Controlling the environmental impact on asthma</font><br> <ul> <p> The first step in long-term asthma management is trying to control the environment in which you live. Although the environment cannot be changed totally but one can control its impact on our health. </p> The following measures would lessen asthma attacks<br> <li type=circle>Wash the bedding used weekly in hot water (included sheets, pillow cases and mattress pads) <li type=circle>Use dust-proof covers for mattress and pillows. <li type=circle>Avoid pets with fur or feathers inside the house <li type=circle>Avoid using bedding made of foam rubber with synthetic materials <li type=circle>If house is carpeted consider replacing it with hardwood floors or tile

<li type=circle>Use air-conditioners for rooms <li type=circle>The humidity of the house should be kept low </ul><br> </ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">World asthma day</font> <ul> <p> World Asthma Day is observed on the first Tuesday in May. This year it falls on May 3. World Asthma Day is a organized by Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) in association with World Health Organization and US National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The theme for 2005 is 'Unmet Needs of Asthma'. The primary goal of this day is to improve awareness about the disease among health care providers and workers,government officials , general public and all those under the grip of this disease. </p> </ul> </ul> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>daily exercise</title> </head> <align=top><img src="applesbg1.gif"> <body bgcolor="#f3e0d1"> <h1> <b><i><font exercise</font></i></b> </h1> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <font face=timesnewroman"fontcolor="#ffcc00"><h2><u>Daily Exercise color="#236194" fontface="monotype corsiva">Daily

Suggestions</u></h2></font><br> <p> <font color="brown"><b><u>Walk 10 Minutes a Day and Increase Your Fitness Level</u></b></font> Old thinking was to work out in a sweat-filled gym for hours a day. No pain, no gain. New studies show that even short bouts of activity can increase your fitness level, especially if you're new at working out. </p> <p> <font color="brown"><b><u>Park and Walk</u></b></font>

Whenever you have an errand, park your car as far away as you can handle and walk to the store. At the mall, park at the farthest end and walk the length of the mall. Use every opportunity to walk. At the end of the day, it all adds up to better fitness.

</p> <p> <font color="brown"><b><u>Crunch in Bed</u></b></font> Before you even get out of bed in the morning, do 10 stomach crunches while lying flat on your mattress. Increase daily by one until you get up to 100. Think you'll never get there? Try it. You may eventually have to set your clock to wake up 15 minutes earlier, a small price to pay for a flatter stomach </p> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>Dengue</title> </head> <body bgcolor="#bbd6ef"> <h1> <b><i><font color="#236194" fontface="monotype

corsiva"><center><u>Dengue</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <TD> <DIV align=right><IMG height=150hspace=5 src="dengue1.gif" width=150 vspace=2border=0></DIV></TD> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">general info about Dengue</font> <p> Dengue or dengue-like epidemics were reported throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the Americans, southern Europe, North Africa, the eastern Mediterranean, Asia and Australia and on various islands in the Indian Ocean, the south and central Pacific and the Carribbean. It has steadily increased in both incidence and distribution over the past 40 years. Annually, it is estimated that there are 20 million cases of dengue infection, resulting in around 24,000 deaths.

</p> <li type=disc><font color="red">What is Dengue ?</font> <p> Dengue is an acute flu like fever caused by virus. It occurs in two forms: </p> <ul> <li type=circle>Dengue fever (DF) <li type=circle>Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) </ul><br> <p> Dengue fever is marked by an onset of sudden high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes and in the muscles and joints. </p> <p> Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an acute infectious viral disease usually affecting infants and young children. It is characterised by fever during the initial phase and other symptoms like headache, pain in the eye, joint pain and muscle pain, followed by signs of bleeding such as petechiae (red tiny spots on the skin), nosebleed and gum-bleed. If there is blood in the stools and/or blood in the vomit and accompanied by shock, this is called Dengue Shock Syndrome and is often fatal. Aedes Aegypti, the transmitter of the disease is a day-bitting mosquito that lays eggs in clear water containers, such as flower vases, cans, rain barrels, old rubber tyres, etc. The adult mosquitoes rest in dark places of the house. </p><br>

<li type=disc><font color="red">Recognition of Dengue Fever</font> <ol type="1"start="1"> <li>Sudden onset of high fever, which may last two to nine days. <li>Severe headache mostly in the forehead <li>Joint and muscle pain, and body aches <li>Pain behind the eyes which worsens with eye movement <li>Nausea or vomiting of coffee coloured matter </ol><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red"><i>Recognition of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and shock Symptoms similar to Dengue fever, plus any one or a combination of the following :</i></font><br> <ol type="1" start="1"> <li>Severe and continuous pain in the abdomen <li>Bleeding from the nose, mouth, skin bruising <li>Frequent vomiting with or without blood <li>Black stools like coal tar <li>Excessive thirst (dry mouth) <li>Pale, cold skin <li>Weakness <li>Skin rashes maculopapular rash or red tiny spots on the skin, called Petechiae </ol><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How does Dengue spread ?</font> <p>

Dengue is spread through the bite of an infected Aedes Aegypti mosquito. The mosquito gets the virus by biting an infected person. The first symptoms of the disease occur about 5-7 days after the infected bite. </p> <p> There is no way to tell if a mosquito is carrying the dengue virus. Therefore people must protect themselves from all mosquito bite. </p><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Where does this mosquito live ?</font> <p> This mosquito rests indoors, in closets and other dark places. Outside, it rests where it is cool and shaded. The female mosquito lays her eggs in water containers, in and around homes, schools and other areas in towns or villages. These eggs become adults in about 10 days. </p><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Where does the mosquito breed ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle>Dengue mosquitoes breed in stored, exposed water collection systems. <li type=circle>Barrels, drums, jars, pots, buckets, flower vases, plant-pots, tanks, discarded bottles, tins, tyres, water coolers and a lot more places where rain water is collected or is stored. <li type=circle>The styles (needle-like structures) and proboscis (elongated mouth) of an Aedes aegypti feeding. Dengue viruses are transmitted during the feeding process. </ul><br>

<li type=disc><font color="red">Prevention of Dengue mosquito bites ?</font> <ul> <li type=circle>Dengue mosquitoes bite during daytime. Protect yourself from the bite. <li type=circle>Wear full-sleeve clothes or long dresses to cover the hands and legs. <li type=circle>Use repellents. <li type=circle>Use mosquito coils and electric vapour mats during the day to prevent dengue. <li type=circle>Use mosquito nets to protect babies and old people and others who may rest during the day. <li type=circle>Make sure that water storage containers are covered to prevent breeding of mosquitoes. <li type=circle>You can also clean the house gutters to prevent stagnation of rainwater. <li type=circle>Patients suffering from dengue H-fever must be isolated for at least 5 days. <li type=circle>Please report to the nearest health centre if any suspected case of dengue H-fever is in the neighborhood. <li type=circle>Break the cycle of mosquito - human - mosquito infection. Mosquitoes become infected when they bite people who are sick with dengue. Mosquito nets and mosquito repellents effectively prevent more mosquitoes from biting sick people and help stop the spread of dengue </ul> </ul> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>menu</title> </head> <TR> <TD vAlign=top bgColor=#bbd6ef>&nbsp;</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY ></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD><!-- end left column --> <TD vAlign=topwidth=800> <TABLE cellSpacing=3cellPadding=0width="100%" border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD> <TABLE cellSpacing=0cellPadding=0width="100%" align=center border=1> <TBODY> <TR vAlign=topbgColor=#c6dbf4> <TD width=773bgColor=#f3e0d1> <TABLE cellSpacing=3cellPadding=0width="100%" bgColor=#f6e4d6border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD width=20><IMG height=180

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<html> <head> <title>D-I-Y</title> </head> <align=top><img src="applesbg1.gif"> <body bgcolor="tan"> <h1> <b><i><font color="#236194" fontface="monotype corsiva"><center><u>D-I-

Y</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <p> You want to improve your health and fitness and you know what you want to achieve -but need a few tips and guides to help you get there. This is the program for you. </p> <p> After eight weeks of the fitness2live D-I-Y Program, you will have developed an active lifestyle and effective weight control strategy that will set you up for a lifetime of good health and fitness. </p> <p>

Follow the program and you will be well on the way to a healthier, more active life! Afterwards, there are more programs and services available to ensure you continue to achieve your goals. </p> <p> Here's a week-by-week snapshot of your D-I-Y Program: </p> <table border=3> <tr> <td><font color="#236194"><b>Week</b></font></td> <td><font color="#236194"><b>Theme</b></font></td> <td><font color="#236194"><b>Success Keys</b></font></td> </tr> <tr> <td>1</td><td>Getting Started</td> <td>Check your health, set goals and create your first exercise plan</td> </tr> <tr> <td>2</td><td>Weight Control</td> <td>Match your diet to your exercise, lifestyle and weight control needs</td> </tr> <tr> <td>3</td><td>Training Smart</td>

<td>Build each exercise session into an effective overall training program</td> </tr> <tr> <td>4</td><td>Test Your Success</td> <td>Measure your progress to maintain your motivation</td> </tr> <tr> <td>5</td><td>Take It Easy</td> <td>Learn the importance of relaxation to recharge the batteries</td> </tr> <tr> <td>6</td><td>Strengthening Your Approach</td> <td>The importance of a strong body to good health</td> </tr> <tr> <td>7</td><td>Food For Health & Fitness</td> <td>Nutritional keys to healthy living</td> </tr> <tr> <td>8</td><td>Looking Ahead</td> <td>The secrets to making your healthy resolve last</td> </tr> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>drink water</title> </head> <body bgcolor="#f3e0d1"> <h1> <b><i><font color="orange" fontface="monotype corsiva"><center><u>Drink

Water</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <body> <p> <img src="water.gif" align=right> It sounds easy and it is. Every time you substitute a Soft Drink, Flavoured Milk, Juice or Cordial with a pure H2O you are doing your body a favour. Water has no Kilo-joules, but plenty of important minerals. </p> <p> When taken with a meal, water assists in the formation of chyme, therefore aiding the digestive process. It is readily available, inexpensive and makes up around 75% of our body weight. Water is our most essential nutrient. </p> <p>

If you can change your default drink to water, it will be the single most positive modification to your diet that you can make. </p><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="brown"><i>Cheers !!!</i></font> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>Head Massage</title> </head> <body bgcolor="#f3e0d1"> <h1> <b><i><font color="orange" fontface="monotype corsiva"><center><u>Eliminating Headache</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <body> <p> <img src="head_massage3.gif" align=right> Do you feel that reaching for the aspirin is the only way to cope with a horrible headache? Stop! There are other ways of dealing with the problem ... </p> <p> Did you know that daily or near-daily headaches affect up to five percent of the population? It is little wonder that headaches affect most people when we spend our days slumped over computer screens or stuck in crowds of traffic with exhaust fumes billowing. And although it is all too easy to reach for the trusty headache tablets as a quick remedy for the pain, research has proven that this may actually complicate the problem. There are many different triggers for migraines and headaches, including light sensitivity and allergies. But most

commonly it is overtiredness, tension, and heightened stress that are the cause of increasingly frequent and painful headaches. </p> <p> Alternative health and beauty therapy can offer holistic aid for your common ailments. There is a wide range of alternative drug free therapies for even the busiest of bodies! These effective stress busters include Indian head massage, meditation, yoga, and aromatherapy. </p><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="brown"><i><b> Indian Head

Massage</b></i></font><br> <p> </p> <p> Indian head massage covers the shoulders, neck, upper arms and back, scalp and face. The process uses thumb and finger pressure and friction together to help the individual. Its benefits include improved blood circulation leading to the reduction of muscular and nervous tension. By oxygenating the cells and flushing out the toxins and impurities, Indian head massage can also nourish the hair. A deep sense of relaxation can be achieved, meaning less headaches. Other benefits of the therapy include improved memory and concentration, relief from eyestrain, and can even help anxiety and insomnia. So get rubbing! </p><br> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="brown"><i><b> Meditation</b></i></font><br> <p>

Meditation is the practice and process of focusing personal awareness on inward silence and stillness, in an attempt to attain a calm state of mind. Basically, meditation helps a person to calm down a little, meaning that the stresses and stains of the day-to-day life can seem less important. And we all know that if were calm and happy we can cope with things better. This is why regular meditation can help to control and reduce bouts of migraines. But there is a bit of a down side. Meditation is a simple concept, but is difficult to master as the majority of people need to be taught to concentrate on emptying their minds and focusing upon the present. Why not try it at home or at work today? If you get annoyed try to count to ten and calm yourself down. Its difficult to do at first, but it really works! </p> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="brown"><i><b> Aromatherapy</b></i></font><br> <p> Traditional Herbal medicine aims to treat the root of the problems rather than the symptoms. Specific remedies are prescribed relating to the cause of the headache, similar to a doctors diagnosis. For example, headaches with symptoms relating to the menstrual cycle will benefit from clary sage, chamomile and rose scents. Aromatherapy expects maintain that lavender oil is particularly good to get rid of headaches. And we all know that a good long soak in scented bubble bath works wonders when were feeling a bit under the weather. So get sniffing! </p> <font face="helvetica" fontcolor="brown"><i><b> Vitamins And

Herb</b></i></font><br> <p>

Some herbs contain potent headache fighting ingredients. Combined with vitamins, these can be very effective in alievating your headache. Nature's cure! </p> </body> </html>

<html> <head> <title>Health Myths</title> </head> <align=top><img src="applesbg1.gif"> <body bgcolor="#ffcccc"> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <body> <h1> <b><i><font Myths</u></font></i></b> <TR> <TD bgColor=#bbd6ef>&nbsp;</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY ></TABLE></TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD><!-- end left column --> <TD vAlign=topwidth=804bgColor=#ffcccc> <TABLE cellSpacing=0cellPadding=0width="100%" bgColor=#fcfcb2 border=0><TBODY> <TR> <TD vAlign=topwidth="14%" bgColor=#ffccccf> <TABLE cellSpacing=4cellPadding=0width="92%" bgColor=#ffcccc border=0> <TBODY> color="green" fontface="monotype corsiva"><u>Health

<TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=100 src="Fitness3_files/no-pain-no-gain.gif" width=100></DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR>

<TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=left><IMG height=100 src="Fitness3_files/potatoes.gif" width=100></DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD><IMG height=100src="Fitness3_files/exercise.gif" width=100></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR>

<TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD><IMG height=100src="Fitness3_files/alcoholdrinks.gif" width=100></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD><IMG height=100src="Fitness3_files/waterfitness.gif" width=100></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR>

<TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD><IMG height=100src="Fitness3_files/warming-up.gif" width=100></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD><IMG height=100src="Fitness3_files/morning.gif" width=100></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD> <TD vAlign=topwidth="100%" bgColor=#ffcccc> <TABLE id=AutoNumber1style="BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse"

borderColor=#ffcccccellSpacing=1cellPadding=0width="98%" bgColor=#ffccccborder=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD width="101%" colSpan=2height=19> <TABLE id=AutoNumber22style="BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse" borderColor=#ffcccccellSpacing=1width="100%" border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldwidth="84%"> <P align=justify>7 Health Myths</P></TD> <TD vAlign=topwidth="16%" rowSpan=14> <DIV align=right><IMG height=250hspace=5 src="Fitness3_files/health-myths1.gif" width=200 vspace=2border=0></DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>The path to fitness is laden with myths. Yes, if you dont know some things, no matter how much effort you put in results will still elude you. Here are seven common health and exercise related myths you can do without.</DIV></TD></TR> <TR>

<TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldbgColor=#ffcccc> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9 src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #1</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=headlineorange bgColor=#ffcccc>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<b>No Pains, no gains.</b></TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>Pain in your body signals something is wrong. </DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>Sure, you need to workout, but dont overdo it.</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>Soreness in the muscles lasts the first few days after you've started your exercise

regimen.</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>It does not mean that you have to workout everyday till you ache all over. </DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR></TBODY></TABLE></TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldbgColor=#ffcccc> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9 src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #2</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD bgColor=#ffcccc>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<SPAN class=headlineorange><b>Potatoes are fattening.</b></SPAN></TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>One medium to large sized baked potato contains 145 calories. </DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>Frying potatoes boosts the calorie count because of the

oil you consume.</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topcolSpan=2>The vegetable per se is not fattening. </TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topcolSpan=2>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topcolSpan=2>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topcolSpan=2>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topcolSpan=2>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topcolSpan=2>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldvAlign=topbgColor=#ffcccccolSpan=2> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9 src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #3</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topwidth="101%" bgColor=#ffcccc colSpan=2>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<SPAN class=headlineorange><b>Exercise only with equipment</b></SPAN></TD></TR>

<TR> <TD width="101%" height=15> <DIV align=justify>You dont need heavy-duty equipment to workout.</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>Every activity counts taking the stairs,</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>scrubbing the windows, running after the toddler in the house, </TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>and pulling weeds in your garden will meet your daily activity quota.</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=top>&nbsp;</TD></TR>

<TR> <TD vAlign=topwidth="101%" rowSpan=-1>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldvAlign=topwidth="101%" bgColor=#ffcccc rowSpan=-1> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9 src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #4</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD vAlign=topwidth="101%" bgColor=#ffccccrowSpan=-1> <P align=justify><FONT face=Verdana size=2>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<SPAN class=headlineorange><b>A couple of drinks can't be harmful:</b>it's just liquid.</SPAN></FONT></P></TD></TR> <TR> <TD width="101%" colSpan=2height=19> <TABLE id=AutoNumber23style="BORDER-COLLAPSE: collapse" borderColor=#ffcccccellSpacing=1cellPadding=0width="100%" border=0> <TBODY> <TR> <TD width="100%"> <DIV align=justify>Alcohol is high in calories, and it

may stimulate your appetite.</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldbgColor=#ffcccc> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9 src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #5</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD bgColor=#ffcccc> <P align=left>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<SPAN class=headlineorange><b>If you drink water during exercise, you will get cramps</b></SPAN></P></TD></TR>

<TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>As it is by exercising you lose water.</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>If you dont replenish the fluids youve lost then you run the danger of dehydrating yourself,</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>which could then lead to injury and a potentially fatal heatstroke.</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldbgColor=#ffcccc> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9

src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #6</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD bgColor=#ffcccc>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<SPAN class=headlineorange><b>Warming up before working out isn't necessary if you're careful.</b></SPAN></TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>Gently stretching out and warming up your muscles before</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>(and after) you exercise is the number one defense against a variety of painful injuries, including tendonitis.</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR>

<TD>&nbsp;</TD></TR> <TR> <TD class=biggrayboldbgColor=#ffcccc> <DIV align=justify><IMG height=9 src="Fitness3_files/button.gif" width=9>&nbsp;&nbsp;Myth #7</DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD bgColor=#ffcccc>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<SPAN class=headlineorange><b>The best time to exercise is early in the morning.</b></SPAN></TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>There is no one best time to exercise. </DIV></TD></TR> <TR> <TD>The best time is the time that appeals to you and fits into your schedule. </TD></TR> <TR> <TD>Some folks love to jump-start their day with a morning workout,</TD></TR> <TR> <TD> <DIV align=justify>while others swear that exercising

after the workday is over is a great way to energize for the evening and eliminate stress.</DIV></TD></T </BODY> </HTML>

<html> <head> <title>health tips</title> </head> <body bgcolor="bbd6ef"> <basefont face="times new roman" size=3fontcolor="#236194"> <body> <lh><h1><u><b>Health Tips</b></u></h1> <table border=5> <tr> <td><a href="Drink Water.html"><img src="drinking_water.gif"></td> <td><a href="Foot Massage.html"><img src="footmassage2.gif"></td> <td><a href="Healthy Eating.html"><img src="healthy_eating.gif"></td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="Relaxation.html"><img src="yoga1.gif"></td> <td><a href="Body Massage.html"><img src="massage.gif"></td> <td><a href="Pamper Yourself.html"><img src="pamperyourself1.gif"></td> </tr> <tr> <td><a href="Head Massage.html"><img src="Head_Massage.gif"></td> <td><img src="back_pain.gif"></td> <td><a href="Stress Relief.html"><img src="DEPRESSION.gif"></td>

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<html> <head> <title>High Blood Pressure</title> </head> <body bgcolor="#bbd6ef"> <h1> <b><i><font color="#236194" fontface="monotype corsiva"><center><u>High Blood Pressure</u></center></font></i></b> </h1> <TD> <DIV align=right><IMG height=150hspace=5 src="Blood-Pressure.gif" width=150 vspace=2></DIV></TD> <basefont face="arial" size=3fontcolor="black"> <ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">General info about High Blood Pressure</font> <p> High blood pressure (hypertension) is often called the silent killer because you can have it for years without knowing it. </p> <ul>

<li type=circle>High blood pressure or hypertension means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. The arteries are the vessels that carry blood from the pumping heart to all of the tissues and organs of the body. <li type=circle>Blood pressure is typically recorded as the systolic pressure (as the heart beats) over the diastolic pressure (as the heart relaxes between beats). A consistent blood pressure reading of 140/90 mm Hg or higher is considered high blood pressure, another term for hypertension. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Causes</font> <ul> <p> High blood pressure might also be caused by another factor such as: </p> <li type=circle>Tablets, which include birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, pain relievers. <li type=circle>Kidney diseases. <li type=circle>Adrenal diseases. <li type=circle>Thyroid diseases. <li type=circle>Abnormal blood vessels. <li type=circle>Pre-eclampsia, a significant increase in blood pressure during the last 3 months of pregnancy. <li type=circle>Use of illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines. </ul><br>

<font face="helvetica" fontcolor="red"><i>Risk Factors</i></font><br> <p> The major risk factors are: </p> <ul> <li type=circle><b>Age</b>- Blood pressure increases as age increases. <li type=circle><b>Race</b>- High blood pressure is more common in blacks than in whites. <li type=circle><b>Sex</b>- In young adulthood and early middle age, men have high blood pressure more often than women. <li type=circle><b>Genetics</b>- High blood pressure tends to run in families. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Symptoms</font> <p> Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms headaches, dizziness or nosebleeds are common warning signs of high blood pressure. </p> <p> Other conditions that can lead to uncontrolled high blood pressure cause the following symptoms : </p> <ul> <li type=circle>Excessive perspiration

<li type=circle>Muscle cramps <li type=circle>Weakness <li type=circle>Frequent urination <li type=circle>Rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations) </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Diagnosis</font> <ul> <p> The blood pressure usually is measured with a small, portable instrument called a blood pressure instrument (sphygmomanometer) (Sphygmo in Greek means pulse, and a manometer measures pressure.). The blood pressure instrument basically consists of an air pump, a pressure gauge, and a rubber cuff. The instrument registers the blood pressure in units called millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). </p> <p> The cuff is placed around the upper arm and inflated to a pressure that blocks the flow of blood in the main artery (brachial artery) that travels through the arm. Then, the pressure of the cuff on the arm and artery is gradually released. As the pressure decreases, the health practitioner listens with a stethoscope over the artery at the front of the elbow. The pressure at which the practitioner first hears a pulsation over the artery is the systolic pressure. As the cuff pressure decreases further, the pressure at which the pulsation finally stops is the diastolic pressure. </p>

</ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Treatment</font> <ul> <p> Goal of treatment is to maintain blood pressure below 140/90 and lower for people with other conditions, such as diabetes and kidney disease. Adopting healthy lifestyle habits is an effective first step in both preventing and controlling high blood pressure. </p> <p> The major types of medication first chosen to control high blood pressure include : </p> <li type=circle><b>Diuretics</b>:These medications act on kidneys to help the body eliminate sodium and water, reducing blood volume. <li type=circle><b>Beta-blockers</b>:These medications block the effects of certain adrenaline-related chemicals, causing your heart to beat more slowly and less forcefully. <li type=circle><b>Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors</b>:These medications help relax blood vessels by blocking the formation of a naturally occurring chemical that narrows blood vessels. <li type=circle><b>Calcium antagonists</b>:Calcium antagonists also known as calcium channel blockers. These medications help relax the muscles of blood vessels. </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">Prevention</font> <ul>

<li type=circle><b>Healthy Diet</b>:Research has shown that following a healthy eating plan can both reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure and lower an already elevated blood pressure. Study shows that hypertension was reduced by an eating plan that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods. The diet should include whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts and has reduced amounts of fats, red meats, sweets, and sugared beverages. <li type=circle><b>Reduce Salt and Sodium in Your Diet</b>A key to healthy eating is choosing foods containing less salt and sodium. The current recommendation is to consume less than 2.4 grams. This equals to 6 grams or about 1 teaspoon of table salt a day. <li type=circle><b>Reduce your weight</b>Being overweight increases blood pressure and is also a risk factor for heart disease. <li type=circle><b>Exercise</b>Being physically active is one of the most important steps you can take to prevent or control high blood pressure. It also helps reduce your risk of heart disease. <li type=circle><b>Quit Smoking</b>Smoking injures blood vessel walls and speeds up the process of hardening of the arteries. <li type=circle><b>Limit alcohol and caffeine</b>Even if you're healthy, alcohol and caffeine can raise your blood pressure to an unhealthy level. Reducing your consumption of alcohol can reduce your blood pressure. <li type=circle><b>Control stress</b>The effects of stress are usually only temporary. But if you experience stress regularly, it can produce increases in blood pressure that can over time damage your arteries, heart, brain, kidneys and eyes </ul><br>

<li type=disc><font color="red">Emergencies</font> <ul> <li type=circle><b>Hypertensive Emergency</b>:Hypertensive emergency is a very severe condition, mostly damaging the Central nervous system, cardiovascularand renal organs and requires immediate medical attention for lowering BP. <li type=circle><b>Hypertensive Urgency</b>In this condition the BP is highly elevated with a risk of damage to the organs if proper medical attention is not given. <li type=circle><b>Severe hypertension </b>Severe hypertension mostly will not lead to organ damage. The patient requires antihypertensive drugs to reduce the BP.<br> <p> Immediate treatment is given to Hypertensive emergency to reduce the BP to avoid damage to cerebral, coronary and renovascular regions. The reduction in BP should be gradual as rapid reductions can lead to acute damage to renal, cardiac and cerebral function. </p> <p> Patients with an elevated BP without any evidence of organ damage can be treated by giving oral>medications with reduction of BP mostly occurring with in 1-3 hours after oral administration and can be discharged with follow up. Patients with hypertensive emergencies with end-organ damage require prompt admission to an ICU with continuous monitoring of with immediate parenteral antihypertensive drugs to prevent progression of target organ damage. </p> <li type=circle><b>Oral anti-hypertensive drugs </b>Captopril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, this drug is well tolerated and can reduce BP effectively.

<p> Clonidine is a centrally acting alpha-adrenergic drug which reduces the BP within 30 to 60 minutes after oral administration, and maximal effects are usually seen within 2 to 4 hours. </p> <p> Labetalol, is a combined alpha- and beta-adrenergic blocking agent, which has an effective drug effect within 2-3 hours of administration </p> <li type=circle><b>Parenteral anti-hypertensive drugs</b>Parental anti-

hypertensive drug is given in Intensive Care Units under medical supervision to reduce BP effectively in patients with Hypertensive emergency with end-organ damage. <p> Labetalol is an effective drug which is administered at a concentration of 20- to 40mg intravenous (IV) injections to reduce BP. After reduction of BP the injections are stopped and patient is given oral medication </p> <p> Sodium nitroprusside reduces Hypertension rapidly within seconds of

administration and an effective action is obtained within 1-2 minutes of drug administration </p> <p>

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<html> <head> <title>Migraine</title> </head> <body bgcolor="orange"> <basefont face="arial" size=3 font color="black"> <body> <h1> <b><i><font color="green" font face="monotype corsiva">Migraine</font></i></b> </h1> <img source="migraine.jpeg"> <ul> <li type=disc><font color="red">general info about migraine</font> <p> Alice in Wonder Land, an imaginative literary piece written by Lewis Carroll takes the reader to a different world. Alice experiences a lot of strange feelings- abnormal tallness or shortness or change in her own body parts giving the readers a different experience about the world Alice is in. This gives us an insight into the author's perception of time and feelings he experienced while writing it down. Lewis Carroll is known to have suffered from migraine and the hallucinations he suffered had given us the most imaginative and interesting book.Migraine attacks are reported by many patients as headaches and many are unable to differentiate it from other headaches.However, a migraine headache is a special type of headache. Classically, the single most characteristic feature of migraine is episodic headache associated with

accompanying symptoms like vomiting, blurring of vision etc. Episodic headaches means that they can occur anywhere from once or twice a year to 1-4 times a month but in between, there are p rolonged pain free intervals. However, occasionally some patients may get headaches more frequently, almost daily. The headache is usually felt on the one part of the head. </p> <p> A familial history of migraine (e.g. mother suffering from migraine). Diet - Chocolate, cheese & alcohol can trigger an attack. Unpleasant smells. Women on oral contraceptives. Menstruation Stress & anxiety Bright lights and flickering lights (e.g. television) Changes in the weather. Excessive noise. </p><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">What are the causes of Migraine ?</font><br> <ul> <li type=circle>A familial history of migraine (e.g. mother suffering from migraine). <li type=circle>Diet - Chocolate, cheese & alcohol can trigger an attack. <li type=circle>Unpleasant smells. <li type=circle>Women on oral contraceptives <li type=circle>Menstruation </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">What are the symptoms of Migraine ?</font> <ul> <p>

A migraine attack, once it comes on could last for hours or days. Premonitory symptoms or "aura" occur in some patients. These are generally visual disturbances in the form of flashing coloured lights, zig-zag lines or double vision. There could also be weakness or sensory changes like numbness on one side of the body or disordered use of language. </p> <p> The headache is usually one sided but may become generalized or spread to the temples (area of the head above the ears). The pain is severe and throbbing and may be associated with nausea, vomiting and photophobia (when bright light hurts). The person might feel an absolute need to be in a quiet, darkened room. </p> </ul><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can we diagnose Migraine ?</font> <p> Diagnosis is usually done by assessing the pattern of development of headache, family history of migraine and the response to analgesics taken to stop the headache. </p><br> <li type=disc><font color="red">How can Migraine be treated ?</font> <p> Avoid the triggering factors of headache </p> <p>

Take medicines which can prevent the headache. Several medications may be advised to relieve symptoms. The response of migraine to medications is highly variable. Analgesics may reduce pain if they are taken early in the development of the headache </p> <p> Resting in darkened room without any noises often reduces the severity of symptoms. </p><br> <font face="helvetica" font color="red"><i>PREVENTIVE

MEASURES</i></font><br> <p> Try to avoid all factors that have triggered a migraine attack in the past. Women who have migraines just prior to their menstrual period should reduce salt in their diet. This helps to decrease water retention associated with precipitating attacks. </p> <p> Avoid alcoholic beverages. Alcohol causes the blood vessels in the body to widen, which contributes to the pain of migraines. </p> <p> If stress triggers the onset of a migraine. Relax and reduce the stress in your life. Regular exercise (e.g., walking and swimming) and relaxation techniques (e.g., yoga, meditation) may help you. A regular schedule for sleep is necessary if fatigue leads to attacks. </p>

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LIMITATIONS

The various limitations were faced during the preparation of the project: The biggest limitation of this project is that it is a static website which leads to the disadvantage of having static pages on your website is that it can get expensive to update. The more pages there are with the same information on them, the more work is required. The cost of editing a hard-coded website is directly related to the size of the site. Since many web designers bill changes at an hourly rate, the cost can be driven up rather quickly. The data has been collected from secondary sources so there is a question on reliability of data. The data collected is sufficient enough for just an introduction on the subject matter i.e. does not go deep down to the details. It just provides the viewer an idea about the concerned topic. The website is made in a very simple format and does not include audio or video support with it. This website is not linked to database as linking HTML to database requires higher level of coding.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books Anuradha Aggarwal, Computer Applications II, 3rd revised edition2010, Mayur Paper Backs Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. C Xavier World Wide Web design with HTML-By Tata McGraw- Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi

Website http://www.health and fitness.com/html http://www.wikipedia.com/html