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Name:______________________________ Year & Section: ______________________ Score: _________________________ Date:__________________________

Semi-Final Exam in Integrative Biology

Directions: Read the questions carefully and choose the correct answer from the choices lettered A to D. Write your answers on the space provided for. ______ 1. If indirect evidences of evolution are those from which we can safely deduce the phenomenon of evolution, what could be considered direct evidences of evolution? A. Those that have similar origin. B. Those that have similarity in parts and function. C. Those that can be compared by geologic age. D. Those that are observable or can be induced through genetic study. ______2. The branch of Biology that deals with the naming and classification of all living organisms. a. Taxonomy b. Zoology c. Botany d. Classiology ______3. The highest level in classifying organism. a. Domain b. group c. team d. class ______4. The principles of inheritance can be applied to: a. Breeding of plants c. study of genetic disorders b. Breeding of animals d. all of the above ______5. A hybrid is an organism that receives ______ genetic information for a trait from each parent. a. Different c. unknown b. Similar d. either A or B ______6. Which of the following characteristics makes humans different from other primates? a. Upright posture c. their bones is generally larger b. Capable of rational thinking d. both A and C ______7. The Austrian monk who is the Father of Genetics. a. Gregor Mendel c. Charles Darwin b. James Watt d. Robert Boyle ______8. A tree describing the interrelationships of parents and children across generations. a. Hierarchy c. family pedigree b. Kingdom d. family branches ______9. A group of nitrogen-based molecules that are required to form nucleotides. a. Genes c. allele b. DNA d. nucleobases _____10. Set of rules by which information encoded in genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) is translated into proteins (amino acid sequences) by living cells. a. Genetic code c. trait b. Hybrid d. dominant _____11. What is the shape of DNA? a. Shape like a snake c. like a tree b. Double helix d. cell _____12. What type of bonds held the double stranded DNA? a. Phosphorus bond c. hydrogen bond b. Covalent bond d. ionic bond _____13. What is the complimentary sequence of: AAT GCA TAG a. TTA CGT ATC c. TAA GGC ACC b. ATA CCG GAT d. AAA GGG CCC _____14. A cross between parents who differ in only one trait (AA or aa). a. Dihybrid cross c. monohybrid cross b. Letter cross d. double cross

_____15. One chain of a DNA molecule has the nucleotide sequence CCG CTT. What is the sequence of the nucleotide on its partner chain? a. CCG CUU c. GGC GUU b. CCG CTT d. GGC GAA _____16. Transcription involves the transfer of information from; a. DNA to mRNA c. mRNA to tRNA b. tRNA to DNA d. DNA to protein _____17. A specific protein synthesized is the translated message contained in the; a. DNA c. ribosomes b. Nucleus d. sugar and phosphate chain _____18. Known to be the age of bacteria and considered to be the oldest of the four eras. a. Pre-cambrian era c. paleozoic era b. Cenozoic era d. Mesozoic _____19. The modern era in the geologic time scale. This is the time where primates started to appear. a. Pre-cambrian era c. paleozoic era b. Cenozoic era d. Mesozoic _____20. The era or the age of reptiles. a. Pre-cambrian era c. paleozoic era b. Cenozoic era d. Mesozoic era _____21. Which of the following statements can be inferred about elephants? a. elephants are older than the dinosaurs since they are found in the Pleiocene epoch only b. elephants are much younger than dinosaurs since they are found in the Pleistocene and Pleiocene epoch c. dinosaurs outlived the elephants sicne they evolved during the Jurassic Period d. dinosaurs are extinct and remain in the Cretaceous Period while the elephants appeared only recently. _____22. How does the GTS-geologic time scale, help you understand about life in the geologic past? a. It corresponds to various landforms on Earth and provides a fossil record of organisms that dominated each period of time. b. It gives much information about the evolution of animals only because most animals can be found in the younger rock layers. c. It corresponds to various organisms that evolved geometrically over time; most are found in the older rock layers. d. It gives the age of older rock layers on Earth and provides a record of the organisms that dominated each period of time. _____23. All, EXCEPT ONE, ensures the survival of all organisms in a given habitat. Which one is the exception? a. Availability of food c. absence of predators b. Adaptive structures d. constant low temperatures _____24. A homozygous tall man marries a heterozygous tall woman. If they have 12 children, what will their children look like based on the result of Mendels experiment? A. All tall B. All short C. 9 tall and 3 short D. 6 tall and 6 short
Refer to this illustration for question no.25.

_____25. What is similar in the human, bird, whale, and elephant which provides an evidence that they have descended from a common ancestor? A. Function B. Structure C. Body plan D. Means of location _____26. What molecule makes up the genes of most organisms? A. ADP B. ATP C. RNA


_____27. A DNA molecules is made up of A. nucleoproteins and polynucleotides C. sugar, phosphates, nitrogen bases B. backbone of sugar and phosphate group D. adenine, guanine, thymine, cytosine _____28. Which of the following results from inserting a foreign DNA into an organism to produce a new gene combination? A. GMOs B. Cloned genes C. Mutant genes D. Transgenic clones _____29. This condition is caused by the failure of the chromosome pairs to separate during meiosis. A. Nondisjunction B. Gene mutation C. Monosomy D. Duplication _____30. Considering the sample of giraffes, which of the following theory is NOT formulated by Darwin? A. Early giraffes had short necks. B. Giraffes had necks that varied in length. C. Only the long-necked giraffes could reach food when the environment change. D. Short-necked giraffes died from lack of food and the long-necked giraffes survived. _____31. It is a process of becoming better suited to the environment. A. Overproduction B. Speciation C. Variation D. Isolation _____32. Which of the following is a result when two alleles both appear in the phenotype. A. Incomplete dominance C. Multiple alleles B. Polygenic inheritance D. Sex-linked genes _____33. It is a permanent change in a gene or a chromosome. A. Fission B. Reproduction C. Replication D. Mutation _____34. A homozygous round seed pea is crossed with a heterozygous round seed pea. What is the genotype of the offspring? A. All homozygous round C. homozygous round,1/2 heterozygous rounds B. All heterozygous round D. homozygous round, heterozygous rounds _____35. Both a man and a woman are heterozygous for freckles. What are the chance that their children will have freckles? A. 25% B. 50% C. 75% D.100% _____36. A female is produced if an egg unites with a sperm containing ___________. A. an X chromosome c. XX chromosomes b. a Y chromosome D. XY chromosomes _____37. Punnett squares are used to ___________ the outcome of crosses of traits. A. dominate B. predict C. assure D. number _____38. A man is color blind but there is no history of this disorder in his wifes family. What is the chance that their son is color blind? A. 25% due to recessive trait C. 75% due to dominant trait B. 50% due to dominant trait D. 100% due to recessive trait _____39. A pure tall pea plant is crossed with short pea plant. In the F1 generation, all the offsprings produced are tall. Why are all offsprings tall? A. The gene for tallness masks the expression of the gene for shortness. B. The gene for shortness allows the expressions of the gene for tallness. C. The gene for tallness has nothing to do with the gene for shortness. D. The gene for shortness is not influence by the gene for tallness. _____40. Curly hair is dominant over straight hair. If both parents with curly produced a child with straight hair, which of the following statement is true? A. One of the parent is heterozygous curly B. Both parents have heterozygous gene pair for curly hair C. The child is heterozygous for the straight hair character D. It is impossible for two parents with curly hair to have a child with straight hair _____41. If a DNA strand consist of nitrogen base sequence C-A-T-T-A-G-C-G-A, what is the nitrogen base sequence of its complementary strand? A. C-A-T-T-A-G-C-G-A C. T-G-C-C-G-A-T-A-G B. G-T-A-A-T-C-G-C-T D. A-C-G-G-C-T-A-T-C _____42. How many types of gametes or sex cell could be produced by YyRr pea plant? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

_____43. According to Lamarcks hypothesis, which of the following can organism with acquired characteristics be capable of doing A. Survive harmful genetic mutation B. Adapt to these acquired characteristics C. Displace more successful competitors D. Pass these acquired characteristics to their offspring _____44. Which of the following syndromes below is described by these characteristics: male underdeveloped testes, slow learner, absence of facial hair, sterile, developed breast? A. Jacobs B. Turner C. Klinefelter D. Poly-X female _____45. All of the following bases are found in DNA except A. Uracil B. Adenine C. Guanine D. Thymine _____46. If the nucleotide strands of AGC AGG CAG ATC is replicated, the complementary strand produced is A. AGC AGG CAG ATC C. AGC AGG CAG AUC B. TCG TCC GTC TAG D. UCG UCC GUC UAG _____47. Which of the following statements characterized both Darwin and Lamarcks theories of evolution? A. Random variation was already present B. Species evolve gradually over many generations. C. There is a great variability within population of organism D. The changes in the environment resulted in the organisms adaptation _____48. All of the following are direct evidence of evolution EXCEPT one. Which one is it? A. Fossils B. Bacterial evidence C. Changes in population D. Genetic makeup _____49. The trait that did not appear in the F1 generation but reappeared in the F2 generation is a ____________ trait. A. weak B. dominant C. recessive D. neither recessive nor dominant _____50. . Charles Darwin published the book entitled ____________. A. A Farmers Primer on Growing Rice C. Origin of Species B. Biology: For the Modern World D. Functional Biology Good luck and smile! Prepared by: LORENA D. ALOYA JANICE VILLANUEVA RODEL CATAJAY Science II

Checked by: LOURDES S. MARASIGAN Testing Coordinator