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A dictionary of the Moro language

of
the Nuba hills, Sudan

Roger Blench
Mallam Dendo
8, Guest Road
Cambridge CB1 2AL
United Kingdom
Voice/Answerphone/Fax. 0044-(0)1223-560687
E-mail R.Blench@odi.org.uk
http://homepage.ntlworld.com/roger_blench/RBOP.htm
This printout: Cambridge, April 11, 2005

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................................................I
2. LOCATION, HISTORY AND SOCIOLINGUISTIC SITUATION ................................................................................I

2.1 Dialects and nomenclature ............................................................................................................................ i


2.2 Location and settlements ............................................................................................................................... i
2.3 Language status .............................................................................................................................................ii
2.4 Moro culture and history..............................................................................................................................ii
2.5 Previous literature.........................................................................................................................................ii
3. PHONOLOGY .................................................................................................................................................................... II

3.1 Vowels.............................................................................................................................................................ii
3.2 Consonants....................................................................................................................................................iii
3.3 Tones..............................................................................................................................................................iii
4. MORPHOLOGY................................................................................................................................................................IV

4.1 Nouns............................................................................................................................................................. iv
GLOSS ..................................................................................................................................................................................... V
REFERENCES ........................................................................................................................................................................ V

TABLES
Table 1. Nomenclature of Moro................................................................................................................................. i
Table 2. Moro dialects................................................................................................................................................ i
Table 3. Moro settlements.......................................................................................................................................... i
Table 4. Moro vowels ...............................................................................................................................................ii
Table 5. IPA symbols and orthographic equivalents................................................................................................iii
Table 6. Moro singular prefixes with plural pairings............................................................................................... iv
Table 7. Suppletive plurals in Moro.......................................................................................................................... v

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


1. Introduction
This is a preliminary dictionary of the Moro language, spoken originally in some vx villages of the Nuba
Hills, but principally by dislocated communities in Khartoum. This version was prepared during February
and March 2004.
2. Location, history and sociolinguistic situation
2.1 Dialects and nomenclature
Table 1. Nomenclature of Moro
IPA
Orthographic
Gloss
person
people
location
language
There are seven recognised dialects of Moro, although there are only six clans.
Table 2. Moro dialects
Dialect name
Comment
Layenia
Tob}elda
Ulba
Lnbwa
Ndrria
does not correspond to a clan
Lmwar
Lorban
New Testament translation

The name Moro derives from the name of the Lmwar dialect.

2.2 Location and settlements


Table 3 shows the main settlements and recognised dialects of Moro, with their IPA rendering, orthographic
spelling and common (map) spelling.
Table 3. Moro settlements
Subgroup

IPA

Orthographic

Official name

Inhabited

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


2.3 Language status

2.4 Moro culture and history

2.5 Previous literature


Moro has had informal linguistic work since the 1930s when scriptural materials began to be published. A
first version of the New testament was published in 1965 and a revised version in 1993. Black & Black
(1971) published a monograph on the Moro language arising out of this work. Schadeberg (1981) published
a summary account of Moro as part of a survey of the Heiban group of languages. In 1997 and 1998, a
volunteer work named Elizabeth Guest did a number of studies of Moro with the Moro Literacy Committee.
This resulted in a series of notes, none of which are complete, and which did not take the observations of
Schadeberg into account. Nonetheless, they contain much valuable information not available elsewhere.
The present situation is thus that no reliable phonology of the Moro language has been published and in
particular, the tone system is virtually unknown. The orthography is problematic, and certainly does not
match the descriptions of either Black & Black or Schadeberg. As Guest points out, Moro is split
dialectically and the orthography of scriptural publications does not match the speech of most Moro.
3. Phonology

3.1 Vowels
Moro has six phonemic vowels (Table 4);
Table 4. Moro vowels
Front
Close
Close-Mid

Central

Back

u
e

Open

The Moro orthography uses a seventh grapheme, which is intended to represent a stressed schwa, but the
phonemic status of this vowel is doubtful.

ii

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


3.2 Consonants
Moro consonants are as follows:

Plosive
Implosive
Nasal
Trill
Fricative
Approximant
Lateral Approximant

Bilabial

Dental

p b

t d

Labiodental

Retrofle
x

Alveopa
latal

n
r
f

Palatal

Velar

tS dZ

k g

Glottal

s
y

Moro permits the following geminated consonants; pp, tt, cc, kk, ss, ff, mm
Table 5 shows the consonant phonemes of Moro and their orthographic equivalents;
Table 5. IPA symbols and orthographic equivalents
IPA
Orthographic
Example
English Gloss
b
b
tS
c
d
d
d
d
f
f
g
g
dZ
j
k
k
l
l
m
m
n
n

ng
p
p
r
r
}
}
s
s
t
t
t
t
w
w
j
y








3.3 Tones
Moro tone is not written in the orthography and has never been fully investigated. Nonetheless, there appear
to be three level tones.

iii

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


4. Morphology
4.1 Nouns
Moro has a system of noun-classes typical of Niger-Congo languages as well as a concord system that
applies to adjectives. Stevenson (1956-7), Schadeberg (1981) and Guest (1998) all give summaries of the
affix alternations. Stevenson developed a numbering system for Nuba Mountains languages that depends on
the assumption that Kadu languages were Niger-Congo and that noun-classes could be defined by semantic
sets similar to those postulated for Bantu. Guest follows Stevenson in both cases, producing sometimes
counter-intuitive results. The following outline therefore tries to provide another view of the data.
Table 6 shows the surface affix pairings in Moro, with a remark if they are unique or rare and an example.
Table 7 shows suppletive plurals, i.e. those that seem quite unpredictable on the surface, although the
boundary between these and single case affix-pairings is not clearly defined.
Table 6. Moro singular prefixes with plural pairings
Sg. prefix
Pl. prefix
Incidence
Oione case only
Olone case only
Otwo cases only
ae-, i-, la-, naca-, c?
dr
diidr-, yda
ra-, yade
o-, red
e-, i-, o-, r-, u-, ydo
o-, ro-, yodo
ru-, yuel-, n-, ne-, ne-, gnganagl-, ndil-, nd-, nl-, lana-, a-, ale
e-, ele-, -, lii-, iloo-, oluu-, umali-,
one case only
naenone case only
-/d- one case only
d-, ol-, l-, n, nd-, n-, nordri}()()-, ()-, oul-, lu-, n-, nd-, n-, nuu}nd-, nuiv

Example
wasen pl. lwasen

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


ut-

nt-, lt-,

wawu-

la-, nli-

these plurals also


involve labialisation
of the stem
one case only

wuji pl. liji woman

Table 7. Suppletive plurals in Moro


sg.
pl.
Gloss
head
nda
}wa
goat
rldo
o}o
cow
tia
iria
mouse
uri
}rwi
Gloss

sg.

pl.

References
Black, K. & K. Black 1971. The Moro language: grammar and dictionary. Khartoum: Sudan Research Unit.
MacDiarmid, P.A. and D.N. MacDiarmid. 1931. The languages of the Nuba Mountains. Sudan Notes and
Records 14:149-162.
Schadeberg, Thilo C. 1981. A Survey of Kordofanian. Volume 1: The Heiban Group. Hamburg: Helmut
Buske.
Stevenson, Roland C. 1956-57. A survey of the phonetics and grammatical structures of the Nuba Mountain
languages, with particular reference to Otoro, Katcha and Nyimang. Afrika und bersee 40:73-84, 93115; 41:27-65, 117-153, 171-196.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment

Moro dictionary
Moro sg.

Moro pl.

Aa
aame
aba

pl.

naba

PoS
excl.
v.
n.

ababa
abaco
abce

pl.
pl.
pl.

ebaba
abacr
abcer

n.
v.
v.

abo
abldugur
ablo
abu
abrea
abru
aba
aboro
aboro
aboo
abur
acba
adada
adia
adni

pl.

ibldugur

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nabrea
abrr
naba
aborr
aborr
abor
labur

pl.
pl.
pl.

nadada
nadia
ladni

aam
amwa
aain
ain
ain
aina
alwa
afle
affo
affo

pl.
pl.

naam
lamwa

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

iin
iin
iina
nalwa

pl.
pl.

affr
affr

agri
aiu
aijba
aiu
aiyo
akarno
akajaco

pl.

agrir

pl.

air

pl.

akajacr

English gloss
yes
to praise
pit

Arabic

.
.
.

v.
n.
v.
v.
n.
v.
n.
v.
v.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

beard
to pick something up
to draw out
something from a
hole
to build
wild dove
deny
to thank, to bless
paper
to loose, set free
feather
to fly
to ride
to climb (tree etc )
left-handed man
food
roof of mouth
small pot for water
middle-aged woman

n.
n.
adv.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
v.
v.

book
young man
all day
day
hour
sun
nose
to sour
to build
to throw s.t. at s.t.

v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.

to read
to cure
to deny
to say to
to die
to divide many times
to add several items,
to inflate, to increase
1

Other

/ .

.
.
.
.
.
.


.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

< Ar. adam?

.
awuu
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


akmo
akndo
ala
aldnu
albar
alfo
ala
algrem
alo
also
alkrinia
alkursi
alo

pl.
pl.
pl.

ela
aldnr
elbar

pl.
pl.
pl.

nala
elgrem
alr

pl.
pl.

ilkrinia
ilkursi

alo

v.
v.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
a.
n.
n.
n.
n.

am
amaao
amcu
amcu
ame
amca
amu

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nam
amaar
namcu
namcu

pl.

namca

amrwara
amia
aminu
anano

pl.

namrwara

pl.

aminr

anano

price
to judge
to catch many times
lower grinding stone
to be boastful
sea
sing s.t.
nut (for bolt)
bed
sing
unique
hippo
chair
1 world, place

.
.
< A.
< A.

1...

n.
n.
v.
adv.
adv.

2 before

.2
_.

n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.

ancir

v.

andu
andu

pl.
pl.

andr
andr

v.
v.

name, call, bring


inside
come together
catch, arrest

andu en
anduu
ano
ano
anu
aal

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

andr en
andur
anr
anr
anr

v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
n.

believe
bite
1) warm with fire
2) be named
enter
1 sweat

aacr

< A.

2.

pl.

pl.

< A.

2 between, below,
under
crack in ground
help
loan
relative
peel
edge of a rock
joke, snatch away
when giving
steep side of hill
scar
to boast
1 first

anci

aacu
aal

v.
n.

inform
2 heat

.
1..

.
-.
.
.
.
.
.
1.
.2.
.
1.
.2.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


ano
ano
anu
aua
apo
ara

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

eno
anr
anr
iua
apr
nara

n.
v.
v.
n.
v.
n.

arabapwaa

pl.

n.

arabiya
arcl

pl.
pl.

narabapwa
a
irabiya
narcl

arcnelo
arno

pl.

arcnrelo

v.
v.

arnu

pl.

arnr

v.

n.
n.

arracu
arrau
aro
arno

pl.
pl.
pl.

arracr
arrar
arr

v.
v.
v.
v.

arra
arrao
arrerre
arrpo
aldia
abambar
ajaco
ajaco
anu ano

pl.

narra

n.
v.
n.
v.
n.
n.
v.
v.
v.

aacu
aeinu
aia
ao
au
asagi
asna
aten
aa
andria
aumi
au ufua
awur
awuu

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

arrpr
ildia
ibambar
ajacr
ajacr
anr
ano
aacr
aeinr
naia
ar
ar
asande
esna
ar
nandria
iumi
aur ufua
iwur
awur

v.
v.
n.
v.
v.
int.
n.
adv.
v.
n.
n.
v.p.
n.
v.

body
agree to, assent
accept from
mouth
hold, carry
abdomen, stomach,
belly
lung
car
piece of broken
gourd
to groan
to divide, to separate
(twice)
moan

teach
teach
cry, weep
to look like, to
resemble
pigsty
to pick leaves
light of sun, lamp
to carry along with
Satan
stool
to add a single item
to become mature
be confident
offend s.o.
be offended
armpit
to draw water
put
who?
bag
not much, a little bit
to say
cloven hoof
onion
breathe
doorway, gate

to throw
3

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

1.

.2.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
< A.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

< A. garlic

cf. affo

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


ayen
ayu
ayo

B
bapa
bapro
baprldao

pl.
pl.
pl.

eyen
ayr
ayr

n.
v.
v.

mountain, hill
die for
die

.
.
.

baprldar

n.
v.
v.

bo nua
bu
bwau

v.p.
v.
v.

father
to touch many times
open, fold out many
times (heavy object)
to touch once
to search thoroughly
to leave s.o. behind
(running etc.)
to satisfy
to be satisfied
satisfy (stomach,
emotions), convince
in argument
to whiten, to make
white
to open (book)
to make equal, to
make the same
length, to arrange
to pull, to drag
to be able to do
something
to wrestle
to touch
to move away, to
progress
to pull, drag many
times
by one's self
to encourage, to be
aware
to encourage, to be
aware
complete a task
to take care, watch
out
to look after
to comfort, to
encourage
to advance
to beat
to close a book

bau
bia

excl.
n.

how are you?


milk-fat

pl.

bapro
bapwao
baro

v.
v.
v.

bece
beco
beo

v.
v.
v.

pl.

ber

bco

v.

blao
blao

v.
v.

bleo
blo

v.
v.

blo
bro
brgwaao

v.
v.
v.

brldeo

pl.

brlder

v.

ban
be

adv.
v.

benano

v.

beneo
bce
bco
biano

pl.
pl.

pl.

bener
bcer

v.
v.

berano

v.
v.

cf.

prldao

cf. bleo

.
.
.

.
.

Greeting

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


bu
bsri
biu
bipi

v.
v.
v.
adv.

pl.

bwir

v.

to miscarry
to preach
vomit
for nothing, in vain,
pointlessly
to smooth the grass
on top of a thatched
house
pull with rope
drag s.t. once
to be wide
hit, beat drum once
to beg
to get something
from working, to
earn
fight, struggle
to adore, admire,
want, like
to keep quiet, remain
silent
to love, to like

pl.

ebe

n.
p.n.
n.

liver
female name
rhinoceros

v.
v.

to rot
to make things from
wood, such as stools
to clear for a road
pumpkin
axe
go down
cobra
to rot, to have
woodworm
to be too big
to anoint
to spoil s.t., to cause
to go bad
to be sad
to be angry
to be angry with s.o.
to be(come) bad

blao

pl.

blar

v.

bleeo
bleo
brano
buu
bwano
bwano

pl.
pl.

bleer
bler

pl.
pl.

buur
bwanr

v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.

bwao
bwao

pl.
pl.

bwar
bwar

bwaoma
bwiu

v.
v.
v.

) (.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

C
cabe (abe)
Caca
cagwa
cbro
co
co
cgulwa
cgwndwa
cnduu
cge
cpo
crleo
cwao
ci
cinano
cino
ciano
ciu

pl.

cr

pl.

cr

pl.

cndur

pl.

pl.
pl.

v.
n.
n.
v.
n.
v.

cir

v.
v.i.
v.

cirano
cir

v.
v.
v.
v.

.
/
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


com
coa
copo
copo

conj.
v.
v.
v.

coro
cum
cwaao

v.
conj.
v.t.

pl.

cwaar

cwao
cwaro

pl.

cwar

v.
v.

cwaro
cwri

pl.
pl.

cwarr
cwrir

v.
v.

also
to starve
to catch (bus)
to follow s.o. in
order to catch them
to poke down a hole
also
to anoint s.t., to put a
salve on a wound
to anoint
to be tired, to be
homesick
to be tired
to make tired, to
annoy, to pester

.
.
.
-.

D.
dao
dia
dia
duno
dwao

v.
n.
n.
v.
v.

to walk beside
side of body
cow
to cough
to push

aba
aba
abacelo

n.
n.
n.

abcia
abrula

n.
n.

clouds
chaff
raising up,
promoting
lifting up
locust sp.

re
iria

yabrula

ablaa
aboa
aborwa
aborwa
abowa
abria
abuia
a
a

yablaa

pl.
pl.

ra
ra

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

small pestle
curse
riding
flying
climbing
loosing, releasing,
setting free, salvation
blessing
way
road
6

.
.
.
.
green,
solitary,
appears in
the rainy
season

.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


a
affa
ageria
ageracia
agria
akajaca
ama
amaaa
amaa
ambwa

amala
amca
amla
amo

pl.

ra
yageria
yageracia

pl.

yama

pl.

rambwa

pl.
pl.
pl.

yamala
ramca
ramla

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

path
act of building
large and wide pot
rake
act of reading
adding many times
locust
helping
witness
gap remaining when
a tooth falls out

n.
n.
n.
v.

camel
arrow
thatching tool
to despise, to
overcome, to defeat
dignity
boasting
to despise, to
overcome, to defeat
coming together,
meeting, reunion,
catching hold of one
another in wrestling
biting
ewe
accepting
accepting s.t.
chameleon
to go up
holding
friend
crying
rope
moaning
teaching
carrying
increasing
causing s.o. else to
commit an offence
having a character
flaw
to rub, make fore by
rubbing sticks

amia
aminia
amo

n.
n.
v.

andia

n.

andua
aala
ania
ania
agurri
ao
apa
appa
ara
ara
arnia
arraca
arrpa
ajaca
aacia

n.
n.
v. n.
v.n.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

pl.

yaala

pl.
pl.

yagurri
ar
rappa
yara

aeinia

n.

ao

v.

.
.

.
.
.
.
plural means
gap left
when more
than one
tooth falls
out

.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


aai
auaralo
aya
ayia
o
ectiano
ekeia
ekeia
el
en
eia
em
eria
eria-fn
eia
eia
ee
ee
eem
baprldaia

barlda
barlda
bea

raai

pl.

rel

rem

pl.
pl.

pl.
pl.

bca
bl
bra
brano
brldea

ree
oe

ebarlda
ebarlda

ybl

ba

n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
num.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

n.
n.
n.

leaf
peace
death
dying for
to cut a rope
anger
questioning
asking many times
grave
five
asking
jaw
absence
bluntness
asking
bitterness
branch of tree
cut wood
truth
rushing together (as
people for a bus),
competing to be first
in a race
stream
river
satisfaction

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

whiteness
bird sp
wind, breeze, air
width
dragging many
objects

n.

blaa
blea

n.
n.

skill, ability in stickfighting, war, team


sports
animal-trap weighted
with a large, flat
stone
calming
dragging

bleea
bre
borrwa

ebre
oborrwa

n.
n.
n.

pulling with rope


split bamboo, bow
tree sp.

obrwa

n.
n.

hitting
branch of doleib

bi

buwa
brwa

rbi

pl.

n.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

.
.

.

.
.

.

.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


bwa
bwaa
bwaco

obwaa

n.
n.

palm
love
tree sp

rbwaco

n.

groin

n.
n.
n.
n.

n.

begging
gaining
war, fighting
lust, sexual love,
desire
cloud, spun cotton,
thread
love

tree sp

bwana
bwana
bwaia
bwaia
dbwua

pl.

ibwua

bwia

n.

bwun

ubwun

n.

ca

rca

n.

beer-filter

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

woodworking
going down
badness
anger
anointing
tiredness
tiring
fatness
righteousness
shoulder
existing
clearing the farm
tree sp.

gakbalo
gakiia

n.
n.

lying
opening many times

gakonda
gakondia
gmbllia

egmbllia

n.
n.
n.

looking for
searching about
top back tooth

gwanda

rgwanda

n.

bridge of nose

gwanda

rgwanda

n.

valley between two


hills
approaching
approaching s.t.
catching up
planting
opposition to
breaking
lightening
opposition
jealous

ca
cnduwa
cia
ciano
cwaa
cwara
cwria
wa
rwaa
dwa
fea
fra
fia

joma
jomaa
jopa
kaa
keia
kera
kerria siano
keya
keyaa

pl.

pl.

rwa

rfia

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
-.
.

.
.
. Acacia sp. A.
hrz

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

.

.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


kbalo
kbia-alo
kiia
l
lacia
lala
lala
lata
ldayria
ldwara

pl.
pl.

oldayria

n.
n.

lying
lying to
opening
horn
spoon
1) floating
2) making the frame
of the hut
making pots
tree sp

oldwara

n.

tree sp

n.

birth

rl
rlacia

lnia

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

lwldairi

ulwldairi

n.

tree sp.

lwndr

ulwndr

n.

tree sp.

rma
rman

n.
n.
n.
n.

marriage
foot
?
branch of the doleib
palm

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
n.
adv.
adv.

squirrel ?
destruction
blackness
manifestation
acting
life
sesame granary
1) coldness
2) calm
sickness
adult
ox
story
gift
tasting many times
tasting
being obedient
1) listening
2) obeying
obedience, listening
to rain
sweetness
now
now exactly

ma
man
mano
mbrwa

mlin
mndania
mnwa
maa
mrninia
mia
mnia
molwa
molwa
mwa
mwaca
mwae
mwnia
naica
nanaa
naa
neinia
nna
nna
nnaa
no
la
ii
iiia

pl.
pl.

ombrwa

imlin

pl.

pl.

rmnia

rmwaica
ymwae

10

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
pl. means
place where
doleib palm
is found

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


iu
iu
u

pl.

ir

v.
v.
v.

wa

pl.

rwa

n.

la
la
ra
ranano
or
pia

pl.

r
ela
rela

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

prldaia
peini
pia

pl.

pl.
pl.

yor

ipeini
rpia

pua
pundri
pundri
pwiia
ra
ramuwa
rajala
rarraa
rarrawa

n.
n.
n.
n.

pl.
pl.

upundri
upundri
yra

n.
n.
n.
n.

beating, striking,
hitting, whipping
boat, ship
wood, plank
fold
melon vine

rarrea

n.

raa

n.

drunkenness
stone wall
crawling
removing many
times
cleaning with
something
passing under

raa
rawa
reialo
rjaca
rnaaralo
r
ria
rldaaalo
rldaa
rldia
rldia
rma
rmaia
rmbegwa

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

clearing the farm


removing once
turning round
pouring
patience
small field
hair
trampling underfoot
pressing with foot
root
fruit-bearing
beating with a stone
arriving
lyre

erajala

yr
iria

urldia

ermbegwa

n.
n.
n.
n.

1) respect
2) be afraid of
to be afraid of, to
respect
wilderness, bush,
forest
arm, hand
tongue
flame
goodness
happiness
elephant
fighting individually,
with hands or sticks
rushing together
tin, iron
top of the head,
crown of the head

11

.
.
.
-.
.

.
.
.
.

.
- .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


rmia
rmjinia

n.
n.

rmowa

n.

rna
ro
rraiia
rraalo
rreiiaen
rrenia
rrnu
rro
rtol

blindness
making shoes from
leather

.

.
noticing, monitoring, _
keeping a lookout for .

erna

n.

leather, skin

pl.

rrnr

v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.

to care for a baby


assembly
crawling
agreement, covenant
redemption
nurse, to be

pl.

rrr
ortol

v.
n.

to look after a baby


tree sp

n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.

dancing
to stop
dung, manure
cooking food
gushing of water
staying
sitting down
tree sp.

ria
ru
rwa
rwaa
rwaaa
aa

irwa

.
.
,.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.

aalo
bwa

obwa

n.
n.

fia

rfia

n.

tree sp.
killing
finishing, fulfilment
being capable
bearing
endurance
killing
tree sp

.
.
.
.
.
.

oal

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

iia
rua
rwa

n.
n.
n.

rwanda
owandal

n.
n.

palm leaf
ardeb fruit
flesh behind the
shoulder
small rocky hill
tree sp

n.
n.
n.
p.n.

capable
eating, food, meal
giving pain
Lord's supper

.
,.
,.
.

n.

looking

a
aaa
aeinia
aa
aa-en
ia
al
ia
ua
wa
wanda
wandal
waaia
sa
sa
saa
nrbesa
seiia

pl.

12

esp. in
reference to
herding

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


sia

n.

skiia
ta
tagare
tatrnia
teta
tria
tmni
tia
tia
tia
toa

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.

feeding, watching,
taking cows out to
pasture
formerly worn by
women to cover the
genitals
accusation
being little
humility
covering
following
cover
to be without
cleaning
holiness
decreasing
resurrection

tuia

n.

awakening

tuia

n.

arising

tuia

n.

establishing

aa
ba
baa
biano
oaa
una
uria

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

being abandoned
cutting
cutting s.t.
chopping s.t. in two
making, arranging
cough
waiting, praying

wia
wa
waialo
waria
warinia
weo
wo

wer
wr

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.n.
v.

pl.

yffia

v.
a.
n.

losing
buffalo
shining
writing
dictation
being fat
to charge with horns
(rhino, buffalo etc.)
to be fat
light in weight
lion

pl.

ypldua

n.
n.
n.

male agama lizard


moaning
confidence

sia

wo
bia
ffia
pldua
rcnelo
niaano

isia

yewa

pl.
pl.

n.

13

,.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

.
.
.

.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

bia pl.
ybia
dialect forms

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


i
uria
i
iia
il (l)
iliia
ia
irldia

pl.
pl.

ri
yuria
ri

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
n.

irwano
iia

n.
n.

obano
obla
oblano
obr
oaca
ofa

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

wound, abscess
camel
thorn
doing, making
manure, dung
buying
to be afraid
walking alongside a
weaker person or a
domestic animal,
instructing s.o.
sadness
falling, dropping,
getting green (tree)

.
-.
.
.
.

--
.
.
.
.

n.

softness
shortness in height
shortness in distance
eagle
blowing on (fire)
s.o. not skilled in
fighting
repeating

yol

n.

rat sp

ola
olano
om

rom

n.
n.
n.

bending over
hunchback
small stream

oma

yoma

n.

rat sp

rogoma
ropa
yoperria

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

nostril
star
sword
meeting at
meeting
tree sp

.
.

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

redness
root of doleib palm
red-necked cobra
giving back
repeating
coming again
revising
returning
action of curving
growth
whip made of palm
leaves

yobr

okobaceen
ol

ogoma
opa
operria
opaiia
opia
ora
oria
oa
oar
obaca
obaca-een
obaaobaa-nano
obia
owiano
ora
owa

pl.
pl.
pl.

ora
pl.
pl.

pl.

roa
yoar

rowa

14

.
.
.
.
.

.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


owrr

yowrr

n.

spring

u
u
ubwa

ru
yu

n.
n.
n.

heart
intestine
smoke, heat

n.
n.
n.

milking
giraffe
wild yam found in
the bush
arithmetic, maths
counting
calling, invitation
blowing
diarrhoea
pointing, aiming

ua
ul
uma

pl.

yul
ruma

umaaa
umaa
undia
ura
ura
urjacia

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

urndia

n.

urri
ubiia

a.
n.

ua
unia
uonu
ui
wala
wala
wala
walano
wale
wana

n.
n.
v.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

wana
waa
waa-fn
waria
warenia
wasa

pl.

rwala

ywale

pl.

ywarenia

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

calling, inviting
many times
exactly
answering, giving
back
crossing
circumcision
to work
to breast-feed
iron nail
length, s.t. long
wealth, animal
distance
green bird sp.
sorrow, worry,
excitement
harvest
increasing
sharpness
cursing
desert rat sp.
washing cleaning

waa
wao
wao
wao

pl.
pl.

ywaa
ywao

n.
n.
v.
v.

we

pl.

rwe

n.

cock
agama lizard
to send
to make s.t. from
iron
female pudenda

n.

desiring, wanting,

wonaa

15

T. dialect
form

-.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.

M. dialect
form

--

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


wondaiia
wondaa
woro

yworo

n.
n.
n.

woa

n.

wura
wuraa

n.
n.

believing, faith
staring
staring at s.t.
spring

.
.
.

selection, picking
out, choosing
digging, burying
burying

.
.

E.
ebai
ebalaa
ebalaa

pl.
pl.
pl.

lbai
nbalaa
nbalaa

n.
n.
n.

slave
razor
insect sp. living in
water

ebamba
ebambia
ebagen
ebar
ebaen
eba
eblda
ebia

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nbamba
nbambia
lbagen
nbar
nbaen
nba
nblda
nbia

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

drum
skull
her husband
tree sp
receding hairline
tree sp
cat
door from doleib
palm

ebwartwa
ea
ea glata

pl.
pl.
pl.

lbwarwa
lea
lea llata

n.
n.
n.

eapa

pl.

napa

n.

blacksmith
person
man who makes
pots, potter
nail, claw

ee
ee
egworb
ekelco
ekeo

pl.
pl.

ere
elworb

pl.

eker

v.
conj.
pp.
v.
v.

ekeo

pl.

eker

v.

ela
elaldabwa
eldia
elco

pl.
pl.
pl.

elar
nlaldabwa
nldia

v.
n.
n.
v.

el
ela
elo

pl.
pl.

nl
nla

n.
n.
prep.

to make green
alongside
amongst
to dry many times
to keep on asking, to
ask many times
to ask from many
people
to come
tree sp
wing
to dry in the sun, to
air bedclothes
chief, ruler, king
singer
above
16

-
.
.
.

.

.
.
.
.
-.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.

follows noun

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


emaen
embre

pl.
pl.

lmaen
nmbre

n.
n.

emra
endo
ere
ere
ereia

pl.

nmra

pl.
pl.

ndre
ndreia

n.
v.
num.
n.
n.

erel
erena
erldo
ero

pl.
pl.

ndrel
ndrena

pl.

err

n.
n.
v.
v.

age-mate
quoin, ring woven of
palm leaves for
carrying pots on the
head
horse
to pull off a wall
ten
shirt
clapping

.
.

side of face
cloth, garment
to walk
to have nothing, to
not have
yesterday
afternoon, evening
to have
house
roof of mouth

.
.

errega
erregano
ero
ea
eada

pl.
pl.
pl.

err
nea
neada

a.
n.
v.
n.
n.

ee

pl.

ne

n.

ebo
eo
eo
eiano

pl.
pl.
pl.

ebr
er
er

v.
v.
v.
v.

eta
etam
eta
ea
eenia
ewa

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nta
ntam
lta
na
lenia

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

doleib palm,
coconut
to have fellowship
to ask a question
to ask from s.o.
to be bent, to be
untrustworthy
rock
neck
wilful disobedience
lake
man, father
cold

v.
v.
v.
n.
v.
v.
n.

to cure
to save
to economise
breast of woman
to read, learn
boast
feast

_.

.
.
.
.
.
M/L dialect
form

.
.

.
.
.
.
.

bru
bru
ri
u
gri
llnu
mia

pl.

iu

pl.

nmia

17

< ere, as
clapping
implies ten
fingers

.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


mu
mwa
ndu
ndjecu
ndu
nduu
ntu
nia
nu
pwa

pl.
pl.

pl.

lmu
lmwa

nnia

pwa
rnu

p.n.
p.n.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
n.
v.
n.

Arab
Arab people
to catch, to close a
wound
to resist
to catch, believe
to bite
to enter
ear
to appear
fighting with sticks

n.
v.

war
to name

.
.

.
/
.
.
1.

.2.
rnu

v.

to groan

1.

.2.
rrua
rrua

pl.
pl.

nrrua
nrrua

n.
n.

1 leather
2 bag

1.

pl.
pl.

nia
nia
ntria
nndi

n.
n.
n.
n.

floor
madman
gum (of mouth)
bank, edge

.2.
.
.
.

, .

pl.
pl.

na
ea

n.
n.

hut, room
meat

, .
.

feo
fndo
fro
fau
fia

pl.
pl.
pl.

fer
fndr
frr

v.
v.
v.
int.
excl.

be, exist
to break
to clear the farm
how?
it is so

.
.
.
.
.

fiiu
fiu
fo

pl.
pl.
pl.

v.t.
v.
v.

to find s.t.
find
exist

.
.
.

ia
ia
tria
ndi

pl.

.
lna
ra

F.

fiir
fir
fr

18

Response to
fau?

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


G.
gabape

a.

slight, minor,
transparent, bearable

gaber
gabco
gaba
gabano
gabo
gabrano
gabuni
gabwano
gabwau
gacagian
o
gaciano

neg.
a.
a.
a.
v.t.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.

not
white
heroic, brave
solid, hard, difficult
accompany s.o.
wide
accursed
lazy
warm
zigzag, like a snake
trail
angry

gacfa

a.

gacwanu
gacwaro
gacwrinu
gaia
gaialo

a.
a.
a.
a.
a.

garwau
gawo
gafalo
gafelo
gafla
gafra
gafo
gafo wa
gageo
gakbalo
gakriano
gakjeni

a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
v.
adv.
v.t.
v.
a.
v.i.

gakiu
gakondo
gakondo
gala
galatnu
galau

a.

pl.

gakbralo

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

gakir
gakondr
gakondr
nala

v.
v.
v.
n.
v.

fresh (milk),
unleavened,
unfermented
anointed
tired
being tired
afraid, fearful of s.t.
afraid, fearful,
frightened
straight
fat
low
high
sour (milk)
damp
to live, stay
almost
to be against
lie many times
angry
be abundant, be
numerous
open many times
search in
look for
bead, large rock
made to be (pots)

pron.

his
19

.
.
.
.
-.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.

T. dialect
form

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


gamano
game
gamenano
gamwano
gamnwa
gamte
gamtiano
gamolo

gamolo

gamulu
ganu
gano
gala
gara
garanano
garaayo
garaorrwa
gaginu
gapa
gapunano
gapiano
gapuldano
garamuu
garmiano
garno
garram
garrpelo
garwau
gaiano
gawaaio
gawaao
gawao
gaaw
gao
gao ia
gaowandr
gaorra
gaso
gata
gataa
gate
gato

a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.

a.

a.
pron.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
v.i.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
?.
a.
a.
a.
a.
a.
v.i.
a.
a.
v.
a.
a.
a.
v.i.
a.
a.
a.
a.

huge, big
good
happy
narrow
black
soft
steep
calm, peaceful,
tranquil

cold

1.

not yet
he
like
sweet
good
happy
beautiful
generous
to be allowed
thin (like paper)
twisted, crooked
empty
hollow
drunk
dense, dark, opaque
according as
old
undulating
thin
active
flat to be
be capable, be able
equal
wet
be
to be mad
rocky
male
to ache
little, small, young
dirty
holy, clean
round
20

1.
.2.

.2.
.
-.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


gee
geicia
geicano
geicianano
geiciaaiyo
geiciliano
gero
gero
gero fn
gero mano
gero o
gee
geiano
gbi
gbia
gbia
gbia ilio
galo
gni
gpi
g

a.
a.
v.i.
a.
a.
a.
v.
a.
v.
v.
v.p.
a.
a.
v.t.
a.
a.
a.
v.i.
v.
v.t.
pp.

green
bad, rough
to be annoyed
sad
ugly
expensive
harvest
not be, be absent
blunt, to be
powerless
to be slow
bitter
withdrawn
to annoy
not heavy
weak
cheap
to be afraid
present
to be alright
of

gbana
gnen
gn
gri
grto
gjan
gii
gi
gou
ginia
giruwano
giiano
gobano

v.
a.
a.
n.
a.
num.
v.a.
n.
v.t.
a.
a.
a.
a.

better to be
one by one
a, any
trough
changeable
two
will
large field
to accomplish s.t.
heavy
discouraged
foolish
soft, smooth, easy

pl.
pl.

pl.

lmn
ndri

ni

gobla
goblano
gofa

a.
a.
a.

gofano
goliano
gonto
gore
goriano
gowano

a.
a.
num.
a.
a.
a.

.
.
.

.
.
.

.
.

.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.2 .
short (height)
.
short (distance)
.
incapable of fighting, .

easily defeated
soft, smooth, easy
deep
one
red
orange
bent
21

cf. dr

M. dialect

T. dialect

.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


gora
gubwa
guu
gunto
guinu
gwaa

a.
a.
a.
adv.
a.
a.

gwaa fn
gwaa
mano
gwaa wa
gwaa siano

a.
a.
a.
a.

gwaya
gwayasi
gwala
gwalano
gwono

a.
a.
a.
a.
a.

big, old
hot
dry
on ones own, alone
fenced
abundant, many,
much
sharp
powerful
fast
indecisive,
vacillating
hard
serrated
1 tall 2 long
far
strong, difficult

.
.

.
.

I.
ibn
ibin

pl.

lbin

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nbwaua
nbina
lia
ir

ibwaua
ibina
iia
iu
iuru
ikr
ilia
iliu
iligano
illi
imni
im
imwalwa

pl.

ilir

pl.
pl.
pl.

indi
indria
ir
iri
irwa
irwacu
irwano

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nmni
nm
nmwalw
a
nndi
nndria
ndr
irr
irwar
irwacr
irwrano

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
prep.
a.
n.
v.
a.
conj.
n.
n.
n.

faeces
his/her brother or
sister-in-law
back of knee
shoe
son
make, do
behind
only, always
stranger
buy
between
except
tree sp
bell
bark of tree

n.
n.
n.
v.
v.
v.
v.

drum
knee
name
dry mucus
descend, go down
hang down
to be amazed, to be
22

.
-.
-.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


iria

pl.

ndria

n.

shamed
fence

irldi
irm
irti
irtu
iiano
iu
isia
ili
ilia
iwalda

pl.

irldir

pl.
pl.

ndrti
irtr

pl.

ir
nli
nlia

walk with
back upper
knife
to fall many times
foolishness, stupidity
to fall
fire
year
season, age
distant

.
.
.
.
.
.

pl.
pl.

v.
n.
n.
v.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
adv.

pl.

jacoer

n.
adv.
p.n.
n.
v.
v.
v.

begging
always
female name
cave
approach to
approach
catch up

.
.

.

)
).
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

J.
jacoe
jaca
Jaja
jo
jomao
jomo
jopo

pl.
pl.
pl.

jomar
jomr
jopr

kao
Kaka

pl.

kar

v.
n.

cultivate
name of first born
girl

kanisa
ka
karmo
keo
kero
kero
kerro

pl.

ilkanisa

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

karmr
ker
kerr
kerr
kerrr

n.
adv.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.

keyao
keyo
kbalo
kbu-alo
ko
kro

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

keyar
keyer
kber-alo
kbr-alo
kor
krr

v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.

church
abundantly
condemn
to oppose s.o.
argue
to break
to light up, to bring
light
to be jealous
oppose
lie
lie to
sacrifice
confuse

.
.
.
.

K.

23

.
.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


kiu
Koja

kir

v.
n.

open
name of the sixth
born boy or girl

Kuku

n.

name of the first


born boy

kwai kwai
Kwi

a.
p.n.

at all
name for a secondborn boy

pl.

.


.

.
.

.

L.
labia
lagwou
laya
lakim

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

abia
agwou
naya
akim

n.
n.
n.
n.

amulet/anklet ???
hornbill
pebble
hospital

lalo
lalo

pl.
pl.

lalr
lalr

v.
v.

to make roof-frame
to float

lamam
lamba
lambala
lamre

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

amam
amba
ambala
amre

n.
n.
n.
n.

dove
lamp
hut, shelter
snake sp., allowed to
live in houses

agrre

n.

crow sp.

lagrre
lar
larbapa

pl.
pl.

ar
arbapa

n.
n.

rope
old leather shoe

lawaa
laaa

pl.
pl.

awaa
aaa

n.
n.

gourd bowl
roof of mouth

laia
lao
lato
lauma

pl.

aia

pl.
pl.

latr
auma

n.
v.
v.
n.

lawa
ldigwa
ldu
lecco
leendaw

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

awa
ligwa
lu
ecco
eendaw

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

hat
to cultivate
make pot
hollow behind the
ear
mosquito
frog
frog
pig-fat, suet
bird sp

n.

peak

le

24

.
.

.
.
.


.

< A.

< A.
< E.

.

.
.
standard
form

.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


lea
lea
lbaria

pl.
pl.
pl.

ea
ea
baria

n.
n.
n.

lbatie
lba
lbi
lbria

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

batie
ba
bi
bria

n.
n.
n.
n.

lbe
lbia

pl.
pl.

be
bwia

n.
n.

lbia
lbu
lbuwa

pl.
pl.
pl.

bia
bu
buwa

n.
n.
n.

egg
penis
fruit found in the
bush
ground
fig
upper grinding stone
womens walkingstick
ring
flower of grasses,
herbs or small plants
stair
well
round gourd

lwaya
lman
llia
lorba
lwa
lfr

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

waya
man
lia
orba
wa
fr

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

forest fruit
kidney
mosquito larva
flower of tree
wooden plank
bird sp

lfra
lgaiya
lgaa
lgopa
lgurguri
lmag
lmaar
lmblelo
lmbrwaa

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

fra
gaiya
gaa
gopa
gurguri
mag
maar
mblelo
mbrwa
a

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

lmbi
lmbwalua
lme
lmwa
lmw
lndria
la
lgergera

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

lglm
lglm

pl.
pl.

mbi
mbwalua
me
mwa
mw
ndria
ea
gerger
a
glm
glm

large stick
pebble
stirrup
bird sp
swallow sp
gourd horn
roof post
beetle (buzzing)
smooth stone used in
traditional religious
ceremonies
bark-cloth skirt
gourd dish
bear
hedgehog
flea
thigh
tooth
flower

n.
n.

writing pen
water-scorpion

lgeria

pl.

geria

n.

gourd dish
25

) ).


.
.

.
.

/.

< A.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


laa
lper
lpndo

pl.
pl.
pl.

aa
per
pndo

n.
n.
n.

lpndra
lpwaia
lrni
ltagora
ltolia
ltu
ltugu
ltwa

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

pndra
apwaia
rni
tagora
tolia
tu
tugu
twa

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

lmia

pl.

mia

n.

lufr
lblia
lmi
lrnia

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ufr
blia
mi
rnia

n.
n.
n.
n.

lri
lwa
liga
lijuijuia
lobar
loba

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ri
wa
iga
ijuijuia
obar
oba

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

loda
loa
loia
logr
logar
loman
loman

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

oda
oa
oia
ogr
ogar
oman
oman

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

loman
lomba
lomboa
lopa
loa
loa
loe
lol
lota

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

oman
omba
omboa
opa
oa
oa
oe
ol
ota

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

loor

pl.

oor

n.

sandstone
tail
bushbaby, Senegal
galago
anklet
udder
biting red ant
mane
cheek
shelter
owl
whip made from
palm leaves
ant-hill, termite
mound
bird sp
fish, small
beard, chin
red ant
leg
back
opportunity
coucal, bird sp
partridge
portion of a hunted
animal cut off at the
ankle or wrist
egret sp.
log
bone
thought
scorpion
day
times, as in three
times x
finger, toe
snake sp.
thorn
bird sp
egret
horsefly
ankle
hawk sp.
hail, now applied to
refrigerator ice
umbilical hernia
26

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.

.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


lrndia
ltm
ltmi

pl.
pl.
pl.

rndia
tm
tmi

n.
n.
n.

lublblia
lublia
lubupwa
lufriia
luguldu
lulu
lumbolwa
lumra
lurmi
lwadia
lwaia
lwaini
lwala

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ublblia
ublia
ubupwa
ufriia
uguldu
ulu
umbolwa
umra
urmi

pl.
pl.

waini
wala

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

lwana

pl.

wana

n.

lwandra
lware
lwaria
lwatawte
lwaia

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

wandra
ware
waria
watawte
waia

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

maje
mndo
mrninu

pl.
pl.
pl.

liji
mndr
mrninr

n.
v.
v.

mrnu
mo
miu

pl.
pl.

mrnr
mr

v.
v.
v.

bead
barren woman
termite mound,
anthill
earlobe
earlobe
duck
eyebrow
dove sp.
termite, white ant
food bowl
basket
chest
tiredness
cross
gall bladder
generic term for seed
of dura sorghum
seed of hard dura
sorghum
stone, rock
baobab seed
duodenum
neck gland
heel

M.

miu

v.

mo
mole
moleo

v.t.
v.
v.

pl.
pl.

moler
moler

man
break
to change many
times
to be changed
to be alive
to have a full udder
or breast
to take and give to
s.o. else
to take, accept
make cold
be calm

27

.
.
.
.
.

.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


N.
na
naara
naio
nanao
nano
nawa
nao
nda
ndiano
ndo
nd
ndo
ndro
nmana
n
nuru
neo
nnu
nua
ninu
nnao

enaara
pl.
pl.

nair
nanar

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nar
wa
ndrano
ndr

pl.
pl.

ndrr
mana/
mana

pl.

ner

pl.

nnr

pl.

ninr
nnar

pl.

conj.
n.

and
glasses

v.
v.
prep.
a.
v.
n.
v.
v.
a.
neg.
v.
n.

give, betray to
test
against, alongside
ahead
test
head
cut open
crack to
firm
no
sleep
kidney bean

?
prep.
v.

on hand
after
refuse, divorce

v.
adv.
v.
v.

obey to be
ahead
walk, search
listen to, obey to

< A.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.


.
.
.

..

no

nr

v.

to hear, to listen, to
obey
look, see

n.

strength

n.

small animal

n.

deceit

n.

wild ass

n.

sin

n.

locust sp

aldcalai

n.

honey

aldo

n.

third born boy

am

n.

tree sap, elastic

pl.

nwano

v.

.
aba
aca

aca

ana
afleka

afleka

aicia
aldara

aldara

28


)
).

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


an
aa
aala
ao
ao
apwa
armaa

milk
grass
lamb
your

armaa

n.
n.
n.
pron.
v.
n.
n.

aaka

n.
n.

bottle gum
lizard sp

arwa
ata
aabla

aabla

n.
n.
n.

glory
dirtiness
lock

ameo

ameo

n.

wild dog sp

amwaa

amwaa

n.

cat

armbega

armbeg
a
armbo
a

n.

insect sp

n.

insect sp

awa
ayo

n.
n.

water
beauty

eicia
ela
en

n.
n.
n.

sin
oil
talk, subject,

enana
enapi
ere

conj.
?
n.

because, for
no wrong (OK)
girl child

.
.

.
.
.
-.

baya

n.

slavery

a
l

n.
n.

fear
stubbornness

mwa

n.

youth

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

rabbit
respect, fear
nursing
blood
song, hymn
womanhood
authority
antelope sp
seed
power
calf
work
kid (young goat)

pl.

aa
aaka

armboa

nia
ia
rria
fni
la
ldenia
le
lia
lwa
ma
mbo
mria
mna

pl.

ar

ere

pl.

nia

pl.

lia

pl.

mbo

pl.

mna

hunting
lizard sp

29

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
,.

.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


mmia
nri
nia
o
ai
ramwa
reo
rlda
rem
rm
rmm
rmia
rra
rraa
a
ai
l
gia
wen
om
u
wata
sa
sia
ta
enia
wria
nri
pwa
ga
giu
ina
ofia
opia
orwaa
oon
owa
u
uai
u
ulu
uri
uu

pl.

nri

pl.
pl.
pl.

rer
rlda
rem

pl.

rmm

pl.

gia

sa

pl.

nri

pl.

ina

pl.
pl.

oon
owa

n.
n.
n.
a.
n.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
loc.
v.
n.
n.

boyhood
ox
dancing
speed
illness, sickness
drunkenness
be good
antelope sp
squirrel sp
darkness
animal sp
blindness
childhood
salt
urine
death
deafness,
stubbornness
donkey
lie
theft
kisra dough
speech, sentence
food
poison
insistence
manhood
composition
amulet
donkey
where
to allow
dog
?

n.
n.
n.
n.
pron.
n.
n.
pron.
n.
n.

well
hunger
squirrel
young woman, girl
he/she
sign, letters
dew
they, them
sleep
beer
30

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.

.
.

.
/.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


urwania
usu
waa
waia
wal
wlia
wucia

pl.
pl.
pl.

urwania
usu
waa

pl.

wlia

oba

nb
a

n.

obo

pl.

obr

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

small pig, piglet


chicken
he-goat
saliva
crying, sound
hyena
sauce

.
.

O.

obo nano
obwana
oca

pl.

oaco
oe
ol
oal
oeiya
okobac-een

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

obr nano
nca
oacr
ne
nl
nal
noeiya
okobacr
een

ole

wate
r
snail
v.

1 flee 2 grow 3
flow of water

1. 2

.3.
.
.

v.
n.
n.

find
ash
small milk gourd

v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.

blow to (fire)
antelope sp
fox
tortoise
tree sp
repeat

.
.
.

n.

word, language,
talking
bend
lie down
big gourd for milk
leopard, 'tiger'
snail
centipede
shoulder
fish
afterbirth
rat-trap
Moro people
desire, want
to stare
to stare at
leather cover hand
on stick

--.

olano
olo
olwa
oman
omaa
omata
ombia
ome
omca
omma
Omwar
onao
ondaio
ondao
ondwa

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

olrano
olr
nlwa
nmwan
nmwaa
nmwata
nmbia
lme
nmca
nmma
Lmwar
onar
ondair
ondar
nondwa

v.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
p.n.
v.
v.
v.
n.

one
opaio

pl.
pl.

nwe
opair

n.
v.

basket of seeds
to meet at
31

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
-.
.
.

.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


opo
opo
opo
oralo
orcl
oren

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

opr
lpo
opr
lorldalo
norcl
lorlden

v.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.

orba
orpwa
orn
oana
obaco
obaco een

pl.
pl.

lorba
ndrpwa

pl.
pl.
pl.

n.
n.
conj.
n.
v.
v.i.

to meet
old woman
defend
your brother
poisonous tree
his/her brother or
sister
his brother/sister
porch
but, afterward
upper arm
give back
answer, repeat

obanano
obao
obel
obo
ora
oia
owano
owe-ano
oopara
ora
ore
oreo
oelia
ombo

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

v.
v.
n.
v.
n.
n.
v.
v.
n.
v.
v.
v.
n.
n.

revise
go back, return
monkey
return
white rock
hoe
curve
make curve
peanut shell
grow
grow to be
be grow
spider
ostrich

.
-.
.
.

n.

molokhiya, leaves
used to make sauce
room
fight with stick
cut wood with an axe
?

noana
obacr
obacr
een
obarnano
obar
ndbel
obr
nra
noia
owrano
owerano
nopara
orar
orer
orer
nelia
nmbo

.
.
.
.
/.
.
-.
.
.
-.

.
.
.
.
-.
.

P.
palwa
pia
pu
pu - oe-ano
pu-worea

pl.
pl.
pl.

plao
plalo
plelo
plelo
pnde
prldao

pl.

pr
pr - ano
pr-wore
a
plar

prldar

n.
v.
v.
v.
v.
pp.
pp.
adv.
time.
v.

to open a light object


once
below
above, high up
loudly
in the past
break open once
32

.
.
.
.
cf.
baprldao

.
-.
.
.
cf.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment

baprlda
o
plalo
plelo
pre
pu

pl.

pwiu

pl.

pr

prep.
adv.
a.
v.

under
above
all
to beat, to whip
many times

.
- .

pwir

v.

fold

early
be drunk
quickly
crawl
crawl
gather and remove

.
.
.
.
.
)( .
.
.

R.
ram
ramu
ramram
rarraalo
rarrao
rarrawo

pl.

ramur

pl.
pl.
pl.

rarrar-alo
rarrar
rarrawr

adv.
v.
a.
v.
v.
v.

rarreo
rao

pl.
pl.

rarrer
rar

v.
v.

rato

pl.

rar

v.

clean with
to pass under, to
crawl
clear of old stalks

raai
rawo

sg
pl.

aai
rawr

n.
v.

leaves
gather and remove

ria lui

n.

fruit

v.
v.

turn behind, round


chop down

ria gui

.
.
)( .

reialo
reo

pl.
pl.

rer-alo
rer

reo

pl.

rer

return

1. .2

reo

pl.

rer

turn over

rjaco
rldo
rmao
rme
rmjinu

pl.
pl.
pl.

rjacr
rldr
rmar

.3 .
.
.
.

pl.

rmoo

pl.

Rmwa
rmwa
rmwa raso

pl.

rmjinr

v.
v.
v.
n.
v.

pour water
give fruit
arrive
rib
make shoes with
leather

rmor

v.

beware - keep

imwa

n.
n.

God
gods, snake

v.

lightning
33

.
1.


.
.
.
- .
.

pl. = many
people
beating
many times

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


ro
rldaao - alo
rldao
rldo
rmu
rmo
ro
rraio
rraalo
rreo
rreu en
rtweo
rwao
rwaao
rwai-alo
rwao
rwao-alo

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

rtr
rldaar-alo
rldar
oo (eo)
rmr
rmr

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

rrair
rraralo
rrer
rrer en
rtwer
rwar
rwaar
rwair-alo
rwar
rwar-alo

pl.
pl.

v.
v.
v.
n.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.i.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.

dance
press with foot to
press with foot
goat
be blind
beat with stone
to kick, to spear
assemble
crawl
clean with finger
agree
change to
cook food
?
to stop something
stand hymn
stand firm

.
.
.
.
.
.

v.
v.
n.
a.
v.
v.
v.t.
v.
v.
v.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
n.
v.
n.
v.t.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

sit down
stay
doleib palm fruit
individual
sacrifice
finish to, fulfil
to add
bear
endure
fight
kill
pangolin ?
wild cat sp
forearm, steppe
kind of stick
be able
water pot
to be
seed of a fruit
to advise
molar tooth
large needle
herd of cattle
cucumber
tree sp
bamboo

.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

.
aalo
ao
e
eteto
o
aao
jaco
ao
ao-en
o
o
ra
ragga
re
wa
waao
ia
o
raba
rawao
rel
relde
rm
ri
ria
rldwa

pl.
pl.

ar-alo
ar
e

pl.
pl.

r
aar

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ar
ar-en
r
r
ra
agga
re
wa
waar
ia

pl.
pl.

raba

pl.
pl.
pl.

orel
rlde
rm
ri
ria
rldwa

34

.
.
,.
.
.
.
.

.
.

.
.
.

CHECK!

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


roia
rowa
rumma
rua
ruwa
rwa
rwaga
rwania
rwe
we
weda

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

roia
rowa
rumma
rua
ruwa
rwa
rwaga
rwania
rwe
we
oweda

n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

coccyx
charcoal
ram
cow dung, manure
testicles
monkey sp
lymph node
fruit sp
arm (lower)
ankle
sesame, simsim

pl.
pl.

seicr
seir

v.
v.
v.t.
n.
n.
n.
v.
v.
n.

look at
look
to accuse
eye
fire
face
eat, harm
feed, watch
market

always
make dirty
to cover many
decrease
clean
follow
to cover
all
again
to prevent
to clean
to be clean
cow
awake, arise
establish
erase
raise up, start, wake,
stand
transfer divorcee

.
.

S.
seicu
seiu
sku
si
sia
siano
so
su
suk

pl.
pl.

sr
sir
isuk

.
.
.
.
.
,.
,.
.

< A.

T.
talda
tae
tatru
te
teo
teo
tru
tmtm
t
tro
te
teo
tia
tui
tui
twao
twoo
twoo

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

tatru
ter
ter
ter
trr

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ter
ter
iria
tuir
tuir
twar
twor

adv.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
a.
adv.
v.
v.
v.
n.
v.
v.
v.
v.

pl.

twor

v.

35

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
also dia
.
..
.
.
- -.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


(woman separated
from her husband)

un.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
v.
n.

that
abandon
cut the
chop to
cut
to lose
make, arrange
to drink
to cough
wait, pray
fourth-born child

.
.
.
.
.

parlong
near
lose

T.
a
ao
bao
biano
bo
o
oao
u
unu
uru
uu
wana
wa
we

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ar
br
brano
br

pl.

oar

pl.
pl.

unr
urr

.
.
.

.
.
.
.

pl.

wer

a.
a.
v.

pl.
pl.

nubwa
nubwa

n.
n.

1 moon
2 month

n.

February

.2 1..
.

n.

May

n.

April

n.

October

n.

July

n.

August

n.

June

n.
n.

March
December

.
.

n.

January

U.
ubwa
ubwa
ubwa
g'akia
ubwa
g'croma
ubwa
g'fra
ubwa
g'pa
ubwa g'al
1
ubwa g'al
2
ubwa
g'waa
ubwa g'oa
ubwa
g'wana 1
ubwa
g'wana 2

36

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


ubwa
g'woa
ubwa-g'raa
ubwaia
ua

pl.

upi

n.

November

April
shoulder
worm

nubwaia
lwa

n.
n.
n.

ndpi

n.

tree sp
to get milk
dry, blow with
mouth
uncle
his/her uncle
breath
all night
night
count
store
fish-spear
other wife
ant
shellfish
boy
to invite, to call
waist
father/mother-in-law

.
.


.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

uu
uu

pl.
pl.

ur
ur

v.
v.

uurba
uwren
ufua
ulgl
ulgi
umaau
umni
umi
umrin
uma
umia
ummia
undu
undr
unwa

pl.
pl.

lurba
lwrlden

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

umaar
numni
numi
lmurin
numa
nmia
lmmia
undr
nundr
lnwa

n.
n.
n.
a.
n.
v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
v.
n.
n.

urau

pl.

urar

v.

bury in, make a


shelter

uria
uru
urjacu
uri
uria
urldl
urndu

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

nduria
urr
urjacr
rwi
ndria
lurldl
urndr

n.
v.
v.
n.
n.
n.
v.

uru
uru
ue
ubiu
uu
ufia
ul
ui
ui
ui
uia
uu

pl.

urr

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ue
ubir
ur
ndfia
ndl
nui
uir
uir
ndia
ur

v.
v.
n.
v.
v.
n.
n.
n.
v.
v.
n.
v.

antelope sp
to have diarrhoea
to point, aim
mouse
chain
our brother
call, invite (many
times)
dig, bury
blow wind
ankle
answer to, give back
circumcise, cross the
bird
deaf man
tree
make fence
cut to be
fowl
burn
37

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment


uu
usil
usila
usila geicia
Usila Gte
ua
ura
ui

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

ur
nusil
nusila
nusila neicia

pl.
pl.
pl.

wao
waialo
wao
wagalo
wage
wagero
wai
wala
wala gnsi
walla
wande
wano
wae
wagalo
wara
waro
waro
waro
warra
wasen
waso
wao
wao
weiya

cut from a rope


shade
spirit
evil spirit
Holy Spirit
wall
pig
old man

nwa
lrwa
lwi

v.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.
n.

pl.
pl.
pl.

war
waer-alo
war

v.
v.
v.

build with grass


shine
sow, stab

.
.

.

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

lage lalo
lage
lagelero
lai

pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.
pl.

wanr
waer
laglalo
nwara
warr
laro
warr
nwarra
lwasen
wasr
war
war
nweiya

n.
n.
neg.
n.
n.
n.
conj.
int.
v.
v.
n.
n.
v.
n.
v.
n.
n.
v.
v.
v.
n.

animal?
thing
nothing
fly, bee
woof
eyelashes
or
what?
harvest
increase
animal
tree sp
curse
hen
curse
cattle camp
his wife
wash, clean
to sew
to set grass on fire
waist

excl.

exclamation

v.
v.
n.
n.

write
select pick up
red ochre
woman/ human
being

.
.
.
.
.

W.

wi

wru
woo
woya
wuji

pl.
pl.

wrr
wor

pl.

liji

38

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.


.
.
.
.
/ .

R.M. Blench Moro Wordlist Circulated for comment

39