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# THEME: MEASUREMENTS AND FORCE LEARNING AREA: FORCE LEARNING OBJECTIVE: 1.

1 ANALYSING FORCE

Diagram (i) and Diagram (ii) show a box resting on the floor.

(i)
What happen when the box (i) (ii) (iii) 2 3 is pushed? is pulled? is pushed harder than in (i)?

(ii)

What happen to the sponges shape if we press it? The diagram shows a hockey ball rolling with constant speed from position X to position Y in a straight line. At Y, the ball is knocked using a hockey stick in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the ball.
the direction of the ball

Y
the direction of the knock

What happen to the direction of the ball? 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Based on question 1, 2 and 3 write down the meaning of a force. What is a physical quantity represents a change in velocity? What is SI unit and its symbol for force? Name four examples of force. State three effects of force. (i) (ii) (i) (ii) What is meant by vector quantity Why does a force is categorised as a vector quantity? What is meant by a resultant force? What is the SI unit for resultant force?

11

Determine the magnitude of resultant force and the direction of the object in the diagrams below.

(a) 8N 4N

## Resultant force: Direction:

Barge

1000 N 1000 N

12

One single force can be resolved into two components as shown in the diagram below.

90
(a)

Write down the vertical component and horizontal component of force R in term of R and . (i) (ii) Vertical component: Horizontal component:

## (b)Given R = 100 N and = 30o,calculate the vertical and horizontal components of R

13

The diagram shows a box is pulled by 60 N force in the direction of 30o to the horizontal. The box move horizontally on the floor.

60 N 30o

Calculate the force that caused the box to move on the floor. 14 (a) The diagrams show three static object are acted by two forces respectively.

Rough surface
Write the name of the forces in the boxes given. (b) 15 16 The objects in 14(a) are in equilibrium. Explain why the resultant force of the objects is zero.

What is meant by the forces act on an object are in equilibrium? The diagram shows a photograph frame is hung using two fine wires.

30 N
Calculate the magnitude of force T.

THEME: MEASUREMENTS AND FORCE LEARNING AREA: FORCE LEARNING OBJECTIVE: 1.2 UNDERSTANDING MOMENTUM 1 (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 2 3 What is meant by momentum? Write the mathematical formula for momentum. What is the SI unit of momentum? A lorry and a car move with the same speed. Explain which vehicle has greater momentum. Explain why momentum is categorized as a vector quantity.

Write a statement of the principle of the conservation of momentum. Statement A: After collision, the colliding objects move away from each other with different velocities. Statement B: (a) After collision, the colliding objects merged together with and move with the same velocity.

Which statement is best to explain (i) (ii) an elastic collision, an inelastic collision?

(b)

State the differences between elastic collision and inelastic collision based on (i) (ii) (iii) total momentum, kinetic energy, and total energy.

The diagram shows two spheres of masses 2 kg and 4 kg respectively, before and after collision. u=5cms-1 2kg Before (a) Calculate the momentum (i) (ii) before collision. after collision. u = 3 cms-1 4kg 2kg After V = 3.7 cms-1 4kg

(b)

What is the relationship between the momentum before and after collision?

(a)

Based on the diagram bellow, name the type of collision. After After u2 v Type of collision

u1

m1

m2

m1

m2

u1

u2

v1

v2

m1 (b) 6

m2

m1

m2

Write an equation to show the relationship between the final total momentum and the initial total momentum.

## The diagram shows 4 kg sphere collides with 3 kg sphere.

u=6cms-1

u = 3cms-1

4kg

3kg

4kg

3kg

Before
(a) (b) Calculate the velocity of the spheres after collision. What is the direction of the spheres after collision.

After