Anda di halaman 1dari 4

Nama : Della Istianingsih NRP : 2311106017

Example 11.1 (Mc Cabe) Methyl alkohol lewat pada bagian dalam dari double pipe H.E. dan didinginkan oleh air yang lewat di bagian annulus pipa dalam dibuat dari 1.5 sch 80 standart steel. Thermal konduktivitasnya 30 Btu/ft j F. Individual fouling faktor untuk bagian dalam pipa 750 sedang pada sisi luar pipa 450 Btu/ft h F, sedangkan alkohol yang mengalir mempunyai harga koefisien permukaan 500 Btu/ft h F. Hitung Overall koefisien dalam keadaan pipa kotor dan bersih didasarkan pada bagian luar pipa dalam Solution :

The diameter and wall thickness of 1-in Schedule 40 pipe from Appendix 5 are

The logaritmic mean diameter is calculated Table 11.1 Data for Example 11.1 Coefficient Btu/ft2-h-oF Alcohol coefficient hi Water coefficient ho Inside fouling factor hdi Outside fouling factor hdo 500 300 750 450

a. The overall coefficient pipa kotor :

= 96.18 Btu/ft2-h-oF b. The overall coefficient pipa bersih :

= 154.8 btu/ft2-h-oF

Example ( Mc Adam ) a. Hitung harga Overall koefisien dari suatu permukaan condensor yang terbuat dari pipa 1 standart steel sch. 80, bila uap mengembun dibagian luar pipa dengan koefisien permukaan sebesar 2000. Air pendingin lewat dibagian dalam pipa dengan h = 1800, sedang dikedua sisi pipa terdapat kotoran (deposit) yang masing-masing mempunyai koefisien 2000. Bahan pipa mempunyai k = 63. Semua satuan dalam satuan Inggris. b. Hitung Overall koefisien bila pipa dalam keadaan bersih pada kedua sisinya (Uo) c. Berapa panas yang hilang bila uap air terkondensasi pada suhu 180 oF sedang air pendingin masuk pada suhu 60oF dan keluar pada 100oF, rate 10.000 lb/jam (dianggap panjang pipa 100 ft). Solution : a. The diameter and wall thickness of 1-in Schedule 40 pipe from Appendix 5 are

The logaritmic mean diameter is calculated Table 11.1 Data for Example 11.1 Coefficient Btu/ft2-h-oF Deposit coefficient hi Water coefficient ho Inside fouling factor hdi Outside fouling factor hdo 2000 300 1800 2000

The overall coefficient is found from Eq.(11.35) :

= 0.005125 Uo = 195.107 Btu/ft2-h-oF

b. Overall koefisien bila pipa dalam keadaan bersih pada kedua sisinya (Uo)

= 205.36 Btu/ft2-h-oF c. T = 180oF ; T in = (180-60) = 120oF ; Tout = (180-100) = 80oF ; V = 10.000 lb/jam ; L = 100 ft Ai = LDi = 3,14 x 1 x 0,07975 = 0,250 Ao = LDo = 3,14 x 1 x 0,1096 = 0,344

Example 4.9-1 (Gean Koplis) A 1-2 heat exchanger containing one shell pass and two tube passes heats 2,52 kg/s of water from 21,1 to 54,4oC by using hot water under pressure entering at 115,6 and leaving at 48,9oC. The outside surface area of the tubes in the exchanger is Ao= 9,30 m2. a. Calculate the mean temperature difference Tmin the exchanger and the overall heattransfer coefficient Uo b. For the same temperatures but using a 2-4 exchanger, what would be the Tm Solution Thi = 115.6 oC : The temperatures are as follows: Tho = 48.9 oC Tci = 21.1 oC Tco = 54.4 oC

First making a heat balance on the cold water, assumning a cpm of water of 4187 J/kg.K and Tco - Tci = (54.4 21.1)oC = 33.3 oC = 33.3 K q = m cpm (Tco- Tci) = (2.52)(2187)(54.4-21.1) = 348200 W The log mean temperature difference using Eq. (4.9-4) is

Next, substituting into Eqs. (4.9-2) and (4.9-3),

From fig 4.9-4a, FT = 0.74. Then, by Eq. (4.9-6). Tm = FT Tm = 0.74(42.3) = 31.3 oC = 31.3 K Rearring Eq. (4.9-5) to solve for Uo and substituting the known values, we have /h.(ft2.oF) For part (b), using a 2-4 exchanger and Fig. 4.9-4b, FT = 0.94. Then, Tm = FT Tm = 0.94(42.3) = 39.8 oC = 39.8 K Heance, in this case the 2 4 exchanger utilizes more of the availible temperature driving force.

Anda mungkin juga menyukai